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EDWARD MINER GALLAUDET 
MEMORIAL LIBRARY 

Gallaudet College 

Kendall Green 
Washington, D. C. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



Ninth Convention 



OF THE 



National Association 



AND THE 



Third World's Congress of the Deaf 



Colorado Springs, Colo. 
August 6 to 13, 1910 



THE PHILOCOPHUS PRESS 

[N. V. LEWIS] 
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 

S ALL A UDET, COLLEGE 

Washington, d. g. 



PREFACE 



CIRCUMSTANCES for which the Secretary is in nowise 
to blame, have made it impossible to get this report out at 
an earlier date, although it means a two years' delay. A full 
verbatim report of the proceedings would have taken over two 
hundred pages. When finally an appropriation was made, it was 
considerably reduced, and the Secretary, therefore, had to cut 
down his manuscript copy wherever possible. All papers, 
articles and reports have been reduced so as not to exceed one 
page for each. 

We are indebted to Mr. Roberts for the review work; and 
for the German translation of Herr Watzulik's paper, to Mr. D. 
W. George. 

Full reports of the Convention were published in the Journal 
of August 18 and 25, 1910. A good write-up of the Convention 
and a summary of the leading papers was published in the 
Annals of September, 1910. 

Some of the papers were published in full in newspapers for 
the deaf, and the names and dates of the periodicals in which 
they appeared are given under the reviews for the benefit of those 
wishing to know where they can have access to the full articles. 

The opening day of the Convention was given over mostly 
to speech making, and some of the speakers failed to furnish 
copies. The records of Wednesday, Friday and Saturday will 
be found almost complete. Nothing has been left undone in the 
endeavor to make the report complete. 

It is recommended by the Committee that each future Con- 
vention of the Association shall provide for stenographic assist- 
ance to the Secretary as is done at almost all other conventions. 
In this manner a complete and faithful record can be easily 
obtained. 

O. H. Regensbtjrg, Chairman, 
A. I,. Roberts, 
O. Hanson, 

Members of Committee on Printing 
October, 1912. 




Photograph by courtesy of A. L. Pach, Official Photographer 



The Philocophus Press (N. V. I^ewis) , I,os Angeles, California 



Official Photograph of the Ninth Convention of the National Association of the Deaf and the Third World's Congress 

Taken at Colorado Springs, August 8, 1 9 JO 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

National Association of the Deaf 

For Term 1907-1910 



President 
GEO. WM. VEDITZ, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Vice-Presidents 
J. W. MICHAELS, Arkansas C. C. CODMAN, Illinois 

A. L. PACH, New York MRS. J. M. STEWART, Michigan 

Secretary 
WILLIAM C. RITTER, Hampton, Va. 

Treasurer 
J. SCHUYLER LONG, Council Bluffs, Iowa 

National Executive Committee 
Geo. Wm. Veditz (ex-officio Chairman), Colorado Springs, Colo. 
J. W„ Michaels, Arkansas W. C. Ritter, Virginia 

J. S. Long, Iowa T. F. Fox, New York 

J. L. Smith, Minnesota N. F. Morrow, Indiana 

B. R. Allabough, Pennsylvania E. C. Wyand, Maryland 

STANDING AND SPECIAL COMMITTEES 

The Industrial Bureau 
Warren Robinson (Director), Delavan, Wis. 
A. L. Pach, New York P. L. Axling, Washington 

P. Harrison, District of Columbia O. H. Regensbnrg, California 

The Bureau of Publicity 
Olof Hanson (Director) , Seattle, Wash. 
A. G. Draper, District of Columbia Mrs. H. W. Syle, Pennsylvania 

J. C. Winemiller, Colorado R. C. Miller, North Carolina 



4 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Committee on Federation of the Deaf 
G. Wm. Veditz (ex-officio, Chairman), Colorado Springs, Colo. 
J. W. Michaels, Arkansas W. C. Ritter, Virginia 

J. S. Long, Iowa T. F. Fox, New York 

J. I,. Smith, Minnesota N. F. Morrow, Indiana 

B. R. Allabough, Pennsylvania E. C. Wyand, Maryland 

C. C. Codman, Illinois R. P. MacGregor, Ohio 
J. M. Stewart, Michigan P. T. Hnghes, Missouri 
O. H. Regensburg, California P. h. Axling, Washington 

Committee on the Endowment Fund 
George Wm. Veditz (Chairman) , Colorado Springs, Colo. 
Dr. T. F. Fox, New York C. C. Codman, Illinois 

O. H. Regensburg, California B. R. Allabough, Pennsylvania 

Committee to Confer with Dr. Alexander Graham Bell's "Committee on 

Eugenics ' ' 

Dr. J. Ij. Smith (Chairman), Faribault, Minn., and A. Berg, Indianapolis, 
Ind. , to correspond with Dr. Bell and the other members of his Com- 
mittee 

Dr. J. B. Hotchkiss and Dr. A. G. Draper, of Washington, D. C, to confer 
personally with Dr. Bell and the Rev. J. E. Gilbert, both residing in 
Washington 

E. A. Hodgson and Alex. I,. Pach, of New York, N. Y., to confer with 
Dr. Charles Woodruff and Mr. C. W. Ward, members of the Bell Com- 
mittee, residing in New York 

Dr. G. T. Dougherty, C. C. Codman and F. P. Gibson, of Chicago, to meet 
Professor Henderson, of the Department of Sociology, of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago 

Committee on Publication of Proceedings 
William C. Ritter (Chairman) , Hampton, Va. 
T. M. Jenkins, Virginia G. W. Veditz, Colorado 

Committee on Program for the Ninth Convention, and World's Congress 
of the Deaf, Colorado Springs, Colo., 1910 
George Wm. Veditz (ex-officio, Chairman), Colorado 
A. Berg, Indiana F. R. Gray, Pennsylvania 

Local Committee of Arrangements for the Ninth Convention and World's 

Congress 
Geo. Wm. Veditz (ex-officio, Chairman), Colorado 
Mrs. G. W. Veditz J. C. Winemiller 

A - Bat e s Mrs. J. C. Winemiller 

Mrs. F. O. Mount Miss M. E. Ritchie 

F. O. Mount S. McGinnity 

E. P. McGowan H. S. Smith 



AND THE WORLD S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 5 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

National Association of the Deaf 

For Term 1910-1913 



President 

OLOF HANSON, University Station, Seattle, Wash. 

First Vice-President 

ANTON SCHROEDER, Minnesota 

Second Vice-President 

MRS. J. S. LONG, Iowa 

Third Vice-President 

MRS. J. F. MEAGHER, Washington 

Fourth Vice-President 

OWEN G. CARREUv, Texas 

Secretary 

OSCAR H. REGENSBURG, California 

Treasurer 

S. M. FREEMAN, Georgia 

Executive Committee 

Olof Hanson (ex-officio, Chairman) , Washington 

S. M. Freeman, Georgia T. F. Fox, New York 

B. R. Allabongh, Ohio F. P. Gibson, Illinois 

A. h. Roberts, Kansas W. H. Rothert, Nebraska 

H. D. Drake, District of Columbia J. O. Reichle, Oregon 

The Industrial Bureau 
Lyman M. Hunt (Director), Koshkonong, Mo. 
D. A. Cameron, Mississippi W. H. Rothert, Nebraska 

W. Glover, South Carolina E. Swangren, Washington 

The Bureau of Publicity 
E. Clayton Wyand (Director), Mattapan, Mass. 
Mrs. C. I/. Jackson, Georgia R. J. Stewart, District of Columbia 

F. A. Johnson, Illinois O. Hanson, Washington 



6 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Moving Picture Committee 
Oscar H. Regensburg (Chairman), Venice, Cal. 
F. R. Gray, Pennsylvania C. H. Loucks, South Dakota 

O. G. Carrell, Texas H. D. Drake, District of Columbia 

Committee on Printing 

Oscar H. Regensburg (Chairman) , Venice, Cal. 
A. L. Roberts, Kansas 0. Hanson, Washington 

Sub-Committee on Finance 
B. Randall Allabough (Chairman) , Cleveland, Ohio 
A. h. Roberts, Kansas O. Hanson, Washington 

Committee on Civil Service 
Alex. L. Pach (Chairman), New York, N. Y. 
M. M. Taylor, Michigan J. H. McFarlane, Alabama 

F. A. Johnson, Illinois P. I,. Axling, Washington 

Committee on Hartford Monument 
Thomas F. Fox (Chairman), New York, N. Y. 
J. B. Hotchkiss, District of Columbia H. D. Drake, District of Columbia 

Committee on Endowment Fund 
A. W. Wright (Chairman), Seattle, Wash. 
T. F. Fox, New York J. B. Hotchkiss, District of Columbia 

H. D. Drake, District of Columbia A. h. Roberts, Kansas 

Committee on Impostors 
J. C. Howard, Duluth, Minn. 
Committee on Membership 
H. D. Drake, Washington, D. C. 
Committee on Nebraska Legislation 
P. h. Axling, Seattle, Wash. 
Cleveland Local Committee of Arrangements 
Mrs. Laura McDill Bates, Chairman 
Rev. B. R. Allabough, Advisory and Transportation Chairman 
Kreigh B. Ayers, Vice-Chairman 
C. R. Neillie, Secretary-Treasurer, Information 
David Friedman, Finance 
Harry McCann, Publicity 

E. R. Carroll, Meeting Places of Convention and Committees 
Mrs. David Friedman, Decorations 
John Miller, Reception 
Fred Ross, Entertainment 
Fred C. Krull, Industry 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 



PROCEEDINGS 



Monday Morning Session 

Auditorium, State School for the Deaf and Blind 
Colorado Springs, Colo* 

AUGUST 8, 1910 - 10:30 O'CLOCK 



The Third World's Congress of the Deaf, and the Ninth Convention 
of the National Association of the Deaf, was called to order at this hour 
in the Auditorium of the State School for the Deaf and Blind, Colorado 
Springs, Colo., by President George William Veditz. 

Seated on the platform were representatives of the Chinese govern- 
ment, Mr. Li Yung Yew, Imperial Consul General at San Francisco, 
and Mr. Kee Owyang, the Chinese Vice-Consul; Hon. Henry F. Avery, 
Mayor of Colorado Springs; Prof. Percival Hall, president of Gallaudet 
College; Dr. W. K. Argo, superintendent of the Colorado School for the 
Deaf and Blind; Hon. Joseph F. Humphrey (president), Mr^. Mary S. 
McDonald (secretary), Hon. Edwin J. Eaton and Hon. Lyndon Hub- 
bard, members of the Board of Trustees of the school ; Miss Mary Griffin, 
of the Oral Department at this school, who served as interpreter; and 
Rev. John Walter Michaels, Vice-President of the Association. 

The attendance at this opening session was fully four hundred, nearly 
all members of the Association. 

When calling the meeting to order the President stated that it was 
the proudest moment of his life to see gathered here the finest and most 
representative gathering in the history of the National Association of 
the Deaf. He said that Secretary W. C. Ritter, of Virginia, had been 
unavoidably detained at home in superintending the erection of $47,500 
buildings for the colored blind and deaf of his State; his Board had 
appropriated $50, and friends had contributed as much more to send him 
to this Convention. He wished to come, but he felt he would be delinquent 
in his duty to his State were he to leave his post just then. He had 
written suggesting (if it were within his privilege) the appointment of 
Mr. O. H. Regensburg, of California, as Secretary pro tern, during his ab- 



8 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

sence. No opposition being shown, Mr. Regensburg was called to the 
platform to record the proceedings. 

Rev. J. W. Michaels opened the proceedings with the Doxology, 
all present joining in concerted signs. Following this, invocation was 
offered. 

REV. MR. MICHAELS' INVOCATION 



Praise God, from whom all blessings flow, 
Praise Him, all creatures here below, 
Praise Him, above, ye heav'nly host, 
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. 



All glory be unto God our Heavenly Father, who, in infinite mercy, 
hast, through His blessed Son, our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, who 
said Ephphatha, unloosened our speechless tongue and unstopt our deaf 
ear, so that now we hear of Thee with our spiritual ear and praise and 
thank Thee with our spiritual tongue; we do now beseech Thee that 
Thou wilt draw near unto us, Thy silent servants, and be with us in the 
deliberations of this hour and bless this gathering together from all parts 
of this great country, of Thy deaf children, to the end that much good 
may result herefrom; and we beseech Thee to let peace and harmony 
rule, and affection and brotherly kindness abound during all the sessions 
of this great gathering. Let each in honor prefer one another. And 
we especially beseech Thee, O God, that Thou, in Thy Wisdom, wilt 
bless the management of this Association with the spirit to do what is 
right and fair to all, and that Thou wilt cause Thy silent servants who 
will take part in the great debate on the educational methods used in the 
educating of the deaf, to cast more light on the true condition of, and on 
the needs in the educating of Thy deaf children to the end that some 
material good may be done for them; and we beseech Thee, O God, that 
Thou wilt cause the important matter of Federation of Associations to 
be amicably accomplished and for the best interest of all; and too, let 
this Convention do what is best to promote homes for the aged and in- 
firm of our silent class. We do pray, O God, that Thou wilt cause only 
men and women who have at heart a true interest for the advancement of 
this Association, and of the deaf at large, to be elected as officers of the 
Association. And in all of our outings and amusements, we beseech 
that Thy Spirit may rule us, and guard us from all danger and from 
doing anything that would bring disgrace on our silent class. And we 
beseech Thee, O Father, that when our convention is at an end we may 
all return to our homes with hearts filled with wonder at Thy great 
natural works, and gratitude for Thy blessings through Jesus Christ our 
Lord and Saviour. Amen. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 9 

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy King- 
dom come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us 
this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive 
those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation; but 
deliver us from evil; for thine is the Kingdom, and the power, and the 
glory, for ever. Amen. 



Mrs. O. Hanson, of Washington, rendered in signs "America," be- 
ing accompanied on the organ by Prof. A. L. Bohrer, of the Blind De- 
partment of the Colorado School. 

The Secretary read the official call for the Ninth Convention and 
World's Congress. 



CALL FOR THE NINTH CONVENTION AND WORLD'S 

CONGRESS 

The Executive Committee has unanimously decided upon August 6 
to August 13, Saturday to Saturday, inclusive, as the date of the 1910 
Colorado Springs Convention and World's Congress of the Deaf. 

Invitations have been extended to twenty-seven foreign governments 
to participate in the Congress, and it is hoped that every State and Ter- 
ritory of the Union will send representatives to take part in its delibera- 
tions and to assist in making it a meeting fraught with great results 
toward the uplift of the deaf, not only of our own country, but of 
foreign lands as well. 

An invitation has also been extended to any and all hearing persons 
interested in our fortunes as a class to come and be the guests of the 
Congress. 

The Program Committee has completed its work, and announcement 
of the special topics to be discussed will be made in the near future. 

Therefore, in accordance with this last decision of the Executive 
Committee and with a previous decision selecting Colorado Springs as 
the meeting-place, I herewith, by virtue of my office as President of the 
National Association of the Deaf, issue call for its Ninth Convention and 
for the above-mentioned International Congress of the Deaf to be held 
from Saturday, August 6, to Saturday, August 13, inclusive, 1910, in the 
city of Colorado Springs, State of Colorado. 

George Wm. Veditz, 
President National Association of the Deaf. 

Colorado Springs, Colo., December 8, 1909. 



10 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Hon. H. F. Avery, Mayor of Colorado Springs, addressed the Con- 
vention in substance as follows: 

"I am very glad to have you members as guests of the city and 
trust that you will enjoy yourselves while here. I have given the keys of 
the city to your honored President, Mr. Veditz, and the whole city is 
yours during your stay. I hope none of you will be backward in enjoy- 
ing the many attractions with which Colorado Springs and the surrounding 
country are blessed." 



The President made a few pleasant remarks in response to the invi- 
tation and referred to the city as "The City of Sunshine." 

Hon. John Franklin Shafroth, Governor of Colorado, unable be- 
cause of an extra session of the Legislature to extend in person a cordial 
welcome to the State, sent the following letter, which was read by Dr. 
Argo and interpreted in signs by Miss Griffin. 

GOVERNOR SHAFROTH'S LETTER 

Denver, Colo, July 28, 1910. 
To the National Association of the Deaf, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Gentlemen : As Governor of Colorado I welcome to our State 
the Association which has for its object such a benevolent purpose. The 
progress which has been made in the teaching of the deaf, the means of 
receiving and imparting communications of knowledge, has been wonder- 
ful, and has produced great happiness among the people who are taught. 

Our State institution at Colorado Springs is doing most excellent 
work, and has the kind sympathy and good wishes of every citizen of 
this commonwealth. 

I regret exceedingly that pressing State business prevents me from 
personally welcoming the delegates of this Association. I hope that your 
deliberations will prove interesting and beneficial, and that your stay in 
our State will be long and pleasant. 

With best wishes, I remain, yours truly, 

John F. Shafroth, Governor of Colorado. 

Governor Shafroth sent the following story, which he had in- 
tended to deliver in person had business permitted. 

It is related that a professor of a German university, desirous of 
knowing the achievements of Oxford university, determined to visit Ox- 
ford, and sent a communication to the president of that institution to the 
effect that he would be there upon a certain day. 

This was in the olden times before there were any railroads. The 
Oxford professors, wishing to make a great impression upon the German 
professor, resorted to all manner of preparation so as to greatly surprise 
the German professor. They required a number of the students of the 
senior class to dress in peasant's clothes and post themselves along the 
road which the German professor was to travel on horseback, and they 
were instructed, that if the German professor spoke to them, they were 
to answer him in Latin, Greek or Hebrew; and if the German professor 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 11 

did not ask any questions, they were to ask him some questions in Latin, 
Greek or Hebrew. 

The students posted themselves on the road and had a number of 
conversations in the dead languages with the German professor. When 
he reached Oxford, he was enthusiastic over the great influence which 
Oxford university had exerted even upon the peasantry. 

In the same way, the students were given questions and answers so 
as to have exhibitions and perfect recitals in the various classes which 
the German professor visited. 

About the time of the close of his visit, he was very much delighted 
over the most perfect system of education that he had ever observed. 
He came to say good-bye to the professor who had been delegated to show 
him the wonders of Oxford, and said he was perfectly charmed with the 
work of the university, but he found they were deficient only in one thing, 
and that was a professor of signs; that the new art of reading by signs 
was something that was attracting the attention of the world, and he 
was somewhat surprised that Oxford, so perfect in everything else, should 
not have a professor of signs. The Oxford professor said he was very 
much surprised that the German professor had not met their professor of 
signs. The German professor said he was going to leave the next morning 
on the post-chaise at nine o'clock, and that if he could have just a mo- 
ment's conversation with the professor of signs, he would have the post- 
chaise drive by the University building a few minutes before nine o'clock. 
The Oxford professor agreed to the proposition. 

After the German professor left, knowing that he had no professor 
of signs, the Oxford professor sent for the one-eyed janitor who did the 
work for that building, and told him that he must, on the following morn- 
ing, put on his best suit of clothes and be in a certain room in the 
building; that he would show into the room a gentleman, and that the 
janitor must, under no consideration, say a word; that if he uttered - 
word he would discharge him. 

The next morning the German professor came — the Oxford professor 
took him up stairs to the room where the one-eyed janitor was, opened 
the door and waved the German in, as a sort of introduction. The Ox- 
ford professor then closed the door and went down to his own room. 
Ten minutes after that, the German professor came in and the Oxford 
professor asked him how he liked their professor of signs. The German 
professor said he was most delighted, that he had never met a man in all 
his life who could so readily understand by mere signs his meaning. He 
said, "I went up to the man, looked at him a moment, and held up one 
finger, to mean that there is but one God. He immediately comprehended 
my meaning, and held up two fingers, as if to say, Father and Son. I 
then held up three fingers, as if to say, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, 
when he stepped back in a defiant attitude and clinched his hand, drew it 
back in a threatening manner as if to say, 'who would dare say They were 
not One?'" He said, "Charming, charming! I never saw a man who 
could so readily understand my meaning." He bade the Oxford professor 
good-bye and departed. 

The Oxford professor went upstairs to the room where he had left 
the one-eyed janitor, and said to him, "How did you like my friend?" 
The janitor said, "He was the biggest fool I ever saw in all my life. He 
came up to me, looked at me long in the face, and then held up one finger, 
to mean I had one eye. I held up two, to mean he had two eyes, then he 
held up three fingers, as if to say 'between us there are only three eyes,' 
and it made me so mad that I clinched my fist and drew back to hit 
him, when he bowed himself out of the room." 



12 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Hon. Joseph F. Humphrey, President of the Board of Trustees of 
the Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind, extended an invitation of 
welcome to the school, and then referred to the educational work among 
the deaf, and to the high standard that has been obtained. 

Mrs. G. W. Veditz followed with an address of welcome in behalf 
of the Colorado deaf. 

WELCOME BY THE COLORADO DEAF 
To the Members of the Convention and Congress: 

When the great Napoleon marshalled his army before the Pyramids, 
he uttered an aphorism since become famous, "Soldiers, forty centuries 
look down upon you !" 

We, the Colorado deaf, can say still more to you, for from the top 
of our silver-capped Peak, not forty centuries, but forty ages, look down 
upon us, and in all those forty ages, never has a gathering like ours been 
assembled within sight of our mountains. 

We are proud to have you with us. We appreciate more fully than 
we can find words to say the great honor it is to be your hosts. For 
years past it has been one of our dreams to entertain the N. A. D., the 
most powerful and militant organization of the deaf in our country, and 
now this wish, this dream, is realized and there is also the added honor 
that your President is from our Mountain State. 

Our histories tell us how whole cities and districts along the route 
of march spent years in preparing to maintain the army of Xerxes, 
for a single week, and after its passage were impoverished and ruined. 
For the past three years the Colorado deaf have been thinking and plan- 
ning to entertain you at this ninth milestone in your own progressive 
march. Nor were we thinking and planning under compulsion, but of our 
own free will and with every desire to do honor to a distinguished guesc 
When you leave us, instead of being bankrupted like those poor wretched 
Asiatics, we shall be enriched, for you will render far more than it is in 
our power to give. 

Our mountains, our passes, our canyons, our waterfalls, our caverns 
are all yours. They came from God's hand and He placed them here 
for you and for all men to admire. 

But the welcome we give you is our own. It is as warm, as spon- 
taneous as it is possible for human hearts to make it. 

Friends from far and near, in the name of the Colorado deaf, I bid 
you welcome. 

Mr. A. L. Pach, of New York, in behalf of the members of the Con- 
gress, delivered the response to the addresses of welcome. 

MR. PACH'S RESPONSE 

It is a great pleasure to respond to the kind address of welcome the 
President has extended. It is an added pleasure, because the President 
has really done things and made possible this meeting here in the Rocky 
Mountains, which promises to mark an epoch in the history of our Asso- 
ciation. At St. Louis we had a peek at the "Pike" and here we are 
to have a peep at the "Peak of the Pike." 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 13 

Our ambitions for great results here should be typical of the heights 
of this region. We have come from all over the broad land to achieve 
something worth while. We can, if we remember we are fraters in a 
common cause, working for a common end. Where or how we were 
educated ; where or how we worship ; where or how we live ; there is one 
common bond that binds us, and all our efforts must be concentrated on 
securing betterments — everything is summed up in that. 

It is not within my province to extend more than an expression of 
thanks to our remarkable leader and worker or discuss what we can ac- 
complish here, but in all sincerity I want to ask that you look first to the 
preservation of the good old ship that Captain Veditz has brought into this 
port. We do not want to abandon the tried old vessel for an untried one. 
There may be some barnacles on her, as the result of her thirty years' 
sailing ; we may need newer and better engines, and perhaps more modern 
instruments in the chart house, and there is no question but what we 
want more carrying facilities, but we want the old ship, the "National As- 
sociation of the Deaf," that has been manned by a small crew and always 
effective officers, and no one who has sailed in her in the past years 
would think for a moment of making any radical change. The officers 
in the past have served without pay, purely for the honor. The voyages 
have been advertised by many publications in the interest of the deaf, 
and always without charges of any kind, and there is no reason to expect 
that they will not be just as generous in the future. 

In all the newspaper discussions, concerning the several federations 
and improvements, there have been many excellent suggestions which de- 
serve earnest thought and consideration, but we are here to keep the old 
ship afloat, with her flags flying. No signal of distress has ever been 
raised in the past, and I am sure that there never will be occasion in the 
future if we stick to the course we have sailed in for thirty years, starting 
with the launching at Cincinnati, and then on to ports of call that followed 
— New York, Washington, Chicago, Philadelphia, St. Paul, St. Louis, 
Norfolk and Colorado Springs. Again in behalf of us all, I thank the 
President, the local committee and the officers of this glorious State and 
city, for all that they have done for us. 



The President remarked that he was very sorry that the Third 
World's Congress was not attended by a larger number of foreign repre- 
sentatives. He had hoped that, with the passage of the $5000 Congres- 
sional appropriation bill, the expense of the foreign delegates while in the 
city could be paid as they would then be the guests of the Government 
He regretted that the bill failed to pass. But what this Congress lacked 
in number of foreign delegates was more than made up in quality. It 
was a great honor to the American deaf to have been formally recognized 
by the Imperial Government of China, and in the name of the Congress 
he extended the two Chinese representatives, Mr. Li Yung Yew, Imperial 



14 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Consul General at San Francisco, and Mr. Kee Owyang, Vice-Consul, a 
most cordial welcome. 

Wild applause greeted this announcement, and as the Consul and 
Vice-Consul arose and bowed their acknowledgment, the applauding was 
renewed for several minutes, and took the form of a "Chautauqua salute." 

CHINESE CONSUL'S ADDRESS 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

As the Consul General has no command of your language, he has 
commissioned me to make a few remarks on his behalf. 

Our Emperor, Hsuantung, through the Prince Regent, has instructed 
me to express to you and each of you his very best wishes and at the 
same time his admiration of the great and good work that you are en- 
gaged in; likewise to convey to you his sincere hope that success may 
crown each and every one of your benign endeavors. 

I regret very much to have to say that as yet China has no public in- 
stitutions for the sole care of her deaf. We have some institutions where 
the government provides for the joint care of the indigent, old, and deaf, 
but they will not bear any comparison with the perfection already attained 
by your institutions of the same nature. As an illustration I need but 
say that our unfortunate deaf are not even provided with a language of 
signs, and the poor mortals are left to communicate their thoughts and 
desires as best they can ; thus it is that there is a great field for your work, 
and for the improvement of the unfortunate deaf in our empire. 

I sometimes wonder why it is that your good missionaries who have 
been in our midst for centuries have neglected this most apparent phase of 
our wants and needs. I sincerely hope that the day is not far off when 
your society will lend a helping hand to the deaf of our land. 

Mr. President, ladies and gentlemen, in closing let me again assure 
you that I sincerely appreciate the honor of being with you. I almost 
regret that I am not a politician, else, following the custom of one, I 
should be tempted to shake you all by the hand, but as our rules of eti- 
quette ordain that we must shake our own hands, I will, while doing so, 
bespeak a bright future for you in your field of endeavor. 

The Consul spoke in Chinese, his remarks being interpreted into 
English by Mr. Kee, who, by the way, is a Yale graduate. Dr. Argo, in 
turn, translated the address into signs, thus affording the unique spectacle 
of the same address being simultaneously translated by two persons in as 
many different languages. 

The President expressed regret at the absence of our greatest liv- 
ing benefactor, Dr. Edward Miner Gallaudet, who, after nearly half a 
century of service, had only recently retired from the presidency of Gal- 
laudet College. 

The local Committee of Arrangements had offered to pay the expenses 
of the trip, but Dr. Gallaudet's health necessitated a trip abroad. The 
Doctor sent his greetings in the form of a letter, given below, which was 
read viva voce by Dr. Argo, and rendered into signs by Rev. B. R. Alla- 
bough. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 15 



DR. GALLAUDET'S GREETINGS 

To the Officers and Members of the National Association of the Deaf: 

My Dear Friends: I greatly regret that my plans for the summer 
make it impossible for me to be with you in person at your proposed 
meeting in Colorado Springs. I remember very pleasantly your gathering 
at Norfolk three years ago, which it was my privilege to attend, and then 
hoped to be with you at your meeting this summer. But it seems best 
for me to take a tour in Europe, and I am leaving the country early in 
July, so I must send you my greetings and good wishes through your 
worthy President, Mr. Veditz. 

I need hardly tell you that I am in full sympathy with the various 
measures in which your Association is interested for the welfare and 
uplifting of the deaf— I have long been in favor of a broad system of 
educating the deaf that should include all methods which have been 
proved to be of value to any considerable portion of the deaf. You will 
perhaps remember that as long ago as 1867, after a careful examination 
of many schools for the deaf in Europe, I recommended that our American 
institutions take measures to offer instruction in speech to all deaf chil- 
dren, and I was equally in favor of continuing this instruction in speech 
and by speech only with those who are able really to succeed. For those 
who could not attain success in speech and lip-reading I urged that the 
Manual Method be employed. I have seen no reason during all the years 
that have passed since that time to change my views in regard to 
methods, and I have always held that there was a place in the education 
of all the deaf for the judicious use of the language of signs. 

I have not hesitated to say that as I have always felt that the language 
of signs may be abused in the education of the deaf, it may be employed 
where it is not necessary or desirable, but equally I am in favor of its 
use in lectures and religious services; it is a distinct benefit and is pro- 
ductive of no harm. 

I am in favor of the employment in schools for the deaf of deaf 
teachers, and paying them adequate salary. I am in favor of a good pro- 
portion of men in schools for the deaf. At the present time while I ad- 
mit that many women are capable of teaching, I think that too large a 
proportion of women are employed in schools for the deaf. 

I believe that associations of the deaf are of value to them socially 
and otherwise; at the same time I would recommend that the deaf seek 
association with hearing people as far as it is practicable. 

Religious services for the deaf in the language of signs I believe 
to be of the greatest value. 

I give you my congratulations on what I am sure will be the success 
of your Colorado meeting, and I will say that I hope if my life is spared 
to be with you at your next gathering, wherever it may be held. 

May God bless you all and have us all in His keeping. 
Very sincerely, your friend, 

E. M. Gallaudet. 



Acting upon the suggestion of the President, the whole assembly 
rose in Chautauqua salute in honor of their absent friend. Mr. Harley 
D. Drake's suggestion to send a cablegram of greetings was quickly and 
unanimously adopted. 



16 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Messrs. Drake, Allabough and Fox, appointed as a committee, sent 
the following message: 

"Dr. E. M. Gallaudet, care Brown & Shipley, 
Pall Mall, London, England. 

"Loving greetings and hearty wishes for health and happiness from 
the World's Congress of the Deaf, Colorado Springs, Colorado." 

Dr. Gallaudet's mantle at Gallaudet College, having fallen upon Prof. 
Percival Hall, the President called upon him for an address. Prof. Hall 
was greeted with great applause. Prof. Hall rendered his address- in 
signs, Dr. Argo reading orally: 

PROF. HALL'S REMARKS 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I feel much pleased and honored to be asked to speak this morning 
to this great body of deaf people representing as many parts of the 
country. 

You have heard, through Rev. Mr. Allabough, a message of greet- 
ing from Dr. E. M. Gallaudet, who is called, most justly, in your program 
"the greatest living benefactor of the deaf." 

In his message Dr. Gallaudet affirms his belief in the necessity of 
broad methods of educating the deaf; his belief in the value of speech 
teaching for all those who can profit by it; his faith in the value of 
the sign language. He speaks of the need of a larger proportion of men as 
teachers in our schools for the deaf, and recognizes the ability and worth 
of deaf teachers. 

There are three statements I would like to make this morning. 

First, I wish to assure you that my own views of the education of 
the deaf are in hearty accord with those of Dr. Gallaudet. No method 
which does not recognize the great value of speech to the deaf will re- 
ceive the support of the State. No method which sacrifices for speech 
the more important interests of character, self-support, and mastery 
of English, can ever win continued success. We must have broad meth- 
ods, well administered by educators of high character. 

Secondly, I wish to congratulate you on your work in the interests of 
the deaf; and especially on the opportunity, of which you have begun to 
take advantage through your publicity committee, of educating the public 
on questions concerning yourselves. 

The American people know too little about deafness and its causes. 
They know too little about the lives and the needs of the deaf. They 
want the truth, the whole truth. They do not always get it. Few 
hearing people are competent to give it ; and nobody who hears normally 
can give the facts from your standpoint. 

In meetings of doctors and teachers and parents some facts and many 
theories of educating the deaf are discussed. But though the deaf are 
the ones on whom the old theories have been tried, and new ones must 
be used, if tested at all, too often your experiences have never been 
asked for. In regard to every theory and method of education the Ameri- 
can people want to know the results. You know the results, you are the 
results, of the education of the deaf as practiced in this country. Can 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 17 

any one know better than yourselves what deafness means, what has 
contributed most to your sadness or joy, your success or failure? 

I believe the public will listen to you gladly and thankfully if you 
will give it, in a clear, strong, and dignified way, your experiences and 
your beliefs in regard to methods of educating the deaf. And in doing 
so you will confer a blessing on the American people. 

The third matter I wish to speak of is your attitude toward Gallaudet 
College. I hope that you feel the Gallaudet College belongs to all the 
deaf. It is not for any one State or section; it is not for students edu- 
cated by any particular method. It was open to you, and will always be 
open to deserving students from everywhere. Its object is the same 
as that of this Convention — advancement of the deaf. I believe the college 
has met the highest needs of the deaf in the past. It has grown slowiy 
but steadily. It is offering today higher and broader work than ever 
before. I trust it can be made to meet all coming needs of the deaf. 
To do so, the college should have your hearty support. As a conven- 
tion, as individuals, you can help to make it larger, stronger, more in- 
fluential, and so you can assist in keeping up the noble work started 
nearly fifty years ago by that great friend of every one of you— Edward 
Miner Gallaudet. 



The President exhibited a pile of letters, telegrams and communi- 
cations from a host of friends of the Congress expressing their best wishes 
and greetings. 

The President dwelt touchingly on the following letter from Miss 
Helen Keller, the accomplished and noted blind-deaf young lady of Mas- 
sachusetts. He also referred to the letter from Mr. Thomas A. Edison, the 
world-renowned inventor, who, being very deaf, has accomplished much 
despite the handicap. 

Mr. George Wm. Vedits, President of the National Association of the 
Deaf. 

Dear Sir: I thank you for your cordial invitation to attend the 
World's Congress of the Deaf next August. 

I sincerely regret that I cannot accept. I know how delightful your 
kindness would make my visit if I could go, and I should be especially 
happy to be with all the friends who are working together for the good 
of my fellows who cannot hear. 

But my teacher and I receive so many invitations to attend meetings 
in different parts of the country that we could not begin to go to the 
meetings for causes near to us. 

I can only send heartfelt wishes for the success of the Congress. 

May the work of the National Association of the Deaf continue to 
prosper, and reach more and more of those whom it seeks to help. 

With sincere regards, I am, faithfully yours, 

Helen Keller. 

Wrentham, Mass., June 18th. 



18 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

OTHER LETTERS 



From the Laboratory of Thomas A. Edison 

Orange, N. J., May 24, 1910. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz, President, National Association of the Deaf, Colorado 
Springs, Colo. 

Dear Sir: Your letter of the 20th instant received and in reply 
would say that Mr. Edison has, for years, been watching the advance- 
ment of knowledge in relation to sound ; but so far there is nothing known 
that practically solves the problem. The moment it can be done, Mr. Edi- 
son says he will work on the subject. 

Yours very truly, 

H. F. Miller, Secretary. 



From the British Deaf and Dumb Association 

Message and Fraternal Greetings to the World's Congress of the 

Deaf 
Colorado Springs, August 6 to 13, 1910. 

The members of the British Deaf and Dumb Association desire to 
offer their heartiest good wishes to the members of the World's Congress, 
assembled at Colorado Springs. They warmly congratulate the members 
of the National Association of the Deaf of America upon the splendid 
way in which they have organized the Congress and upon the interesting 
program which they have put forth for discussion. 

They rejoice in the thought that this Congress is bound to increase 
and deepen the interest of the civilized world in the higher education, the 
social life, and the spiritual welfare of the deaf. The programme you 
have drawn up includes a variety of subjects bearing upon the every- 
day life of the deaf-mute, which should lend themselves for- full and am- 
ple discussion by the delegates attending the Congress. 

The members of the British Deaf and Dumb Association will follow 
with the intensest interest the proceedings of this great Congress. They 
deeply deplore the fact that the British government have not seen their 
way to appoint delegates to represent the deaf of this country— numbering 
nearly 30,000 — upon an occasion of such vital importance to their temporal 
and spiritual welfare. 

Their President (the Rev. W. Blomefield Sleight, M. A., of Cambridge 
University, and formerly a member of the Royal Commission for the 
Blind and the Deaf) has done his best to persuade the British gov- 
ernment to appoint a few deaf gentlemen to represent the deaf community 
of Great Britain and Ireland at your Congress. He has been in com- 
munication with the Minister of Foreign Affairs — and his letter has re- 
ceived the consideration of the Minister of the Board of Education — but 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 19 

both these ministers of the government have politely refused to recognize 
the necessity of appointing delegates to your Congress. 

This decision on the part of the government we deeply deplore— and 
the more so from the fact of the world-wide view which your programme 
takes. You will embrace in your deliberations, subjects which concern 
the deaf of all nations, and not simply those of any one particular country, 
and therefore, all nations should be represented at your Congress. 

Though unhappily as a nation, we shall not be officially represented 
at your great gathering of delegates from all parts of the civilized world, 
we nevertheless stretch our hands across the wide ocean which separates 
us from you, and tender you our warmest fraternal greetings. We pray 
that the blessing of Almighty God may rest upon your deliberations and 
that they will abound in fruitful results to the benefit of the deaf through- 
out the world. 

W. Blomefield Sleight, President of the B. D. D. A. 

E. L. Jones, Vice-President for England. 

R. C. Williamson, Vice-President for Scotland. 

F. Maginn, Vice-President for Ireland. 
B. H. Payne, Vice-President for Wales. 

G. F. Healev, Hon. Treasurer. 
W. McDougall, Hon. Secretary. 



Other messages and letters of greetings were from Congressman Pat- 
rick F. Gill, who had interested the State Department at Washington in 
the matter of extending invitations to the foreign governments to send 
delegates to the Congress; Congressman John A. Martin, of Colorado, 
author of the $5000 Congressional appropriation bill; United States Sen- 
ators Hughes and Guggenheim, both of Colorado; Warren Robinson, 
Chairman Industrial Bureau; Maryland State Association, through John 
A. Branflick, its President; Dr. E. A. Fay, Vice-President of the Faculty 
of Gallaudet College; Union National Des Societes de Sourds-Muets of 
France; Volta Bureau; L. Arthur Palmer, of Tennessee; Dr. Alexander 
G. Bell; Wm. V. Shatton, of Asia Minor; and others. 

In addition there was a communication laid on the Secretary's table 
from the Nebraska State Association for the Advancement of the Deaf, 
J. W. Sowell, President, containing the information that its representa- 
tives have been instructed to cast their vote only for the plan advocated 
by the Federation Committee. 

The President spoke of Herr Albin M. Watzulik, of Germany, who 
had counted upon attending the Congress, but was prevented by sickness. 
Herr Watzulik was an important member of the two previous congresses, 
and sent a message of greeting as well as an address, which is given 
below, also Mr. M. L. Miller, Hon. Secretary of the Australasian Deaf 
and Dumb Association, sent an interesting paper. 



20 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

SOME FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS 



SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF IN GERMANY AND AUSTRIA- 
HUNGARY 

BY ALBIN MARIA WATZULIK 

(Condensed) 

The instructors of the deaf in Germany and Austria-Hungary are 
earnestly endeavoring, for the most part, to raise the profession to a 
higher plane, as evidenced by recent articles and experiments. 

There has been a general improvement in methods, but entirely satis- 
factory results are yet to be obtained. There is much dissension in 
the teaching profession, as to methods, which has had a retarding effect. 
The more advanced schools waver and lack strength of conviction. 

There is a growing demand among the majority of teachers for 
the employment of the sign language as an aid in school work. But the 
school authorities are opposed to this. 

That the present system of education is inadequate is evidenced by the 
superior mental attainments of the combined system graduates between 
1860 and 1880 over the deaf coming from the present oral schools. The 
latter are very far behind the former. 

Not a single deaf man has so far been ordained a minister in Ger- 
many or Austria-Hungary. The deaf must fight for this. School boards 
must also be urged to appoint some of the deaf as assistant teachers. 

"It does not depend on the deaf themselves, but on the teachers to 
give them an education which will prove their ability to prepare pupils 
to successfully engage, in later life, in mental and social competition with 
the hearing." 



NATIONAL UNION OF THE DEAF-MUTE SOCIETIES 

Rouen, France, July IS, 1910. 

To Mr. G. W. Vedits, President of the National Association of the Deaf, 
Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Dear Sir : I take the liberty of sending you a report from the Na- 
tional Union of the Deaf Societies of France. (Note— This report will 
be found on another page.— Secretary. ) You perhaps remember that the 
National Union sent to the Congress of St. Louis in 1904 a report which 
was read by Mr. Thomas Francis Fox, whom we know, as well as Messrs 
Hodgson, Draper, Tilden, J. Alexander, Regensburg and many other Amer- 
ican gentlemen who came to our own congresses in 1889 and 1900. 

The honorable chairman of the National Union has chosen me this 
year to communicate to you the report. I regret to forward same so late 
but have been very busy and was unable to write it sooner. 

I hope it will be welcomed, and we should be very much obliged 
to you if you could have that report read before the Congress 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 21 

In the name of the President and members of the National Union I 
thank you beforehand. I pray you, kindly remember to the American 
deaf gentlemen and ladies their friends of France, Messrs. Dusuzeau 
Gems Mercier brothers, Hamar, Desperriers, Plessis, etc., and beg you, 
dear Sir, to believe me, 

Yours very faithfully, 

Edmond Pilet, 
Vice-Secretary of the National Union. 



THE DEAF OF AUSTRALASIA 
(Condensed) 

There are about 2,500 deaf-mutes scattered over Australasia and New 
Zealand. The majority reside in New South Wales, Victoria, and South 
Australia. 

There are schools for the deaf in the three States above mentioned, 
and in New Zealand. In the latter, the school is supported and controlled 
by the government ; the others are termed "Deaf and Dumb Institutions," 
and are popularly known as "Asylums." They are supported by public 
subscriptions and "charitable" grants from their respective governments. 

The Australasian Deaf and Dumb Association was organized some 
years ago. To better conditions, a congress lasting a week was held in 
Melbourne in 1903-4. The first improvements sought were government 
control of schools; the substitution of "School" for "Asylum;" and the 
appointment of an expert superintendent at the Victoria school. 

The Combined System, with a strong leaning toward oralism, is used 
in the schools of Australia. The New Zealand school is pure oral. The 
pupils usually remain in school from the ages of seven to sixteen. Trades 
teaching is limited to two or three trades, usually carpentering and shoe- 
making. This is unsatisfactory. More time should be spent in acquiring 
a better command of English. 

Adult Deaf-Mute Centres are maintained at Sydney, Adelaide, and 
Brisbane, for the moral, social and intellectual advancement of the deaf. 
Hearing friends assist the deaf with funds to carry on the work, the 
latter contributing as much as they can. The Melbourne centre owns 
a $25,000 building, publishes a monthly News-letter for those living away 
from the centre, and likewise a quarterly magazine with a circulation of 
from 5,000 to 6,000. The centre has an annual income of over $10,000. 
It recently purchased a 75-acre tract of land at a cost of $7,500, and has 
erected a Home for Aged and Infirm at a cost $17,500. In connection, 
there is a training farm for the feeble of intellect and the uncontrollable. 
Some ten acres are planted with flowers, which return a good income. 

Adelaide also has a farm and home, the former presented by a 
philanthropist. The Melbourne farm was purchased with a fund raised at 
a great bazaar, and the State government helped with a gift of $10,000. 
Eventually, the homes are expected to become self-supporting. 

The Sydney centre is connected with the school. The Brisbane centre 
has a deaf gentleman, Mr. Samuel Showell, at its head. 

At one time, the Marine Acts had a clause prohibiting deaf-mutes from 
traveling from one State to another. A fine of $500 was imposed against 
any ship-master carrying a deaf-mute passenger and attempting to land 
him at another port. Deaf-mutes are also excluded from government 
employment. 



22 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

The Australasian Deaf and Dumb Association succeeded in removing 
the objectionable clause from the Marine Acts. It is now engaged in try- 
ing to obtain government control of schools ; government employment for 
the deaf, and improvements in education. 

M. L. Miller, Hon. Secretary, 
Australasian Deaf and Dumb Association. 



President Veditz then read his address in forceful and graphic signs, 
holding the attention of all to the end, Dr. Hall reading the same orally. 

THE PRESIDENTS MESSAGE 

To the Members of the Convention and Congress: 

We are once again met in national and inter-national convention to 
discuss problems concerning our welfare as a class. 

It is our ninth meeting and rounds out the thirtieth year of our ex- 
istence as an organization. 

Our triennial conventions have become to us what the Olympic Games 
were to the ancient Greeks. As those quadrennial games drew together 
all that was strongest, bravest and best in Greece, so our conventions have 
become the muster-call for the foremost of the American deaf. 

This is an age of conventions. Every conceivable class allied by the 
least suspicion of a community of interests has its conventions, but 
among them all it is to be doubted if there is any class that has so 
many and so valid reasons for thus meeting as our own. 

We possess and jealously guard a language different and apart from 
any other in common use — a language which nevertheless is precisely what 
all-wise Mother Nature designed for the people of the eye, a language 
with no fixed form or literature in the past, but which we are now 
striving to fix and give a distinct literature of its own by means of the 
moving picture film. 

We are beset by difficulties and prejudices such as probably beset no 
other class. 

No other class is so deeply and so vitally interested in the problem 
of education. 

It is eminently proper therefore that we should meet in convention to 
discuss all these varied and peculiar problems and devise ways and means 
toward their solution. 

At the same time we have good reason to glory in the fact that 
considering the handicap imposed upon us, there is hardly a class that is 
so self-reliant or is performing in such full measure the duties of citizen- 
ship as the American deaf. 

It is a matter of deep regret that more of our foreign friends are not 
with us. What could be done on our part was done to induce them to 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 23 

come. The correspondence on the part of the Program Committee was 
long and extensive. Invitations were transmitted to twenty-seven foreign 
governments by the Department of State through our ambassadors and 
ministers abroad. The Department acted as intermediary only and not 
officially. The efforts of Representative Martin and myself to induce 
the Department to serve as official sponsor were unsuccessful and this 
failure to give official recognition on the part of the government was 
largely responsible not only for the failure of the invited governments to 
reciprocate officially, but also for the failure of a bill introduced in both 
Houses by Senator Hughes and Representatives Martin, appropriating 
$5,000 toward the entertainment of this Congress, though it may serve 
as a consolation to know that no other convention was appropriated for 
during this session of Congress. 

China alone of all the governments invited has official representation 
in the person of Consul General Li Yung Yew and Vice-Consul Kee 
Owyang, of San Francisco. Let us hope that the countless deaf of this 
great Empire will profit from this enlightened policy of their govern- 
ment. 

Messages of greeting have been received from the deaf of Great 
Britain, Australia, Germany, France and Switzerland. 

In this connection I would urge upon the convention to take official 
action upon a suggestion made by myself nearly three years ago in the 
Deaf American, that the coming centennary of deaf-mute education in 
this country in 1917 be made the occasion of a world-wide demonstration 
by the educated deaf. In letters to friends abroad I have already urged 
that since they cannot be with us in this year of grace nineteen hundred 
ten, they come in 1917 and join with us in the centennial celebration of our 
intellectual emancipation. I would further urge that official recognition 
be secured from the government in ample time, and an appropriation 
of $10,000 asked for, thus making it possible to celebrate the event on a 
scale never before attempted by the deaf of any country. 

But nevertheless this Congress has received more advertising than all 
our previous conventions combined. Through it the deaf are receiving the 
best and most desirable kind of publicity. The Associated Press, George 
Grantham Bain's syndicate of New York, the Western Newspaper Union 
of Chicago, the International News Bureau of New York, and the News- 
paper Enterprise Association of Cleveland, have given millions of the 
reading public information concerning this Congress and its program, 
and the achievements of the deaf in various lines. 

The civic organizations of Atlanta, Buffalo, Washington, St. Louis, 
Chicago, Rochester, Cleveland and Atlantic City have asked to be favored 
with the 1913 convention. The Committee of One Hundred on National 
Health has asked us to endorse its crusade; the Foundation for the Pro- 
motion of Internationalism at The Hague, Holland, has requested our 
cooperation, and last but not least, the Teachers' Association has re- 



24 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

quested us to submit suggestions as to topics we should like to have 
discussed at the 1911 convention in Delavan, Wis., the first instance on 
record that the deaf have received such a concession from their edu- 
cators. 

In short, the N. A. D. is entering upon a new era and it rests with 
you whether it is to continue a vigilantly active and progressive organ- 
ization, ever watchful for the welfare of our class, or is to sink back 
into its old condition of comatose and servile inactivity. 

ENDOWMENT FUND 

But to do what it should do, our Association needs a steady income 
— the income from a permanently and safely invested endowment fund. 
In my address at Norfolk, I first called attention to the necessity of such 
a fund. Here the suggestion had the demerit of being an innovation, 
and like most innovations, has had to run the gauntlet of opposition on the 
part of certain of the deaf. Our efforts to interest wealthy philanthropists 
were unsuccessful and we are now endeavoring to secure at least a 
nucleus for such a fund in the unused balance that may be left over 
from the Moving Picture Fund. 

Given such a fund, the N. A. D. can become the militant organization 
it should be. It can then send regular delegates to conventions of phy- 
sicians and surgeons, of laryngologists and aurists, of educators from the 
public schools, and above all, of the Speech Association and the Teachers' 
Association. It can take measures to educate the public, possible in no 
other way. It can maintain its Industrial Bureau and its Bureau of 
Publicity in a manner befitting the importance of these two committees ; 
it can subsidize some one of the independent papers as its official 
organ, and may be in a position to pay a modest salary to its working 
officers ; and if the fund is large enough to maintain a lecture bureau, we 
shall have one of the most potent means to a large and powerful national 
union possible. 

All these are merely a few of the many things the National As- 
sociation will be in a position to do with an endowment fund of the size 
it ought to have. I would earnestly urge upon this convention to make 
the Endowment Fund Committee a standing committee, to be discharged 
only when the fund has reached a sum whose income will approximate 
$10,000.00. 

INCORPORATION 

Certain solicitous friends of the Association have been under the 
apprehensive delusion that the N. A. D. was not incorporated in due 
process of law. Insinuations to that effect had been coming to my office 
off and on during the past six years, but I attached no importance to them, 
as my judgment told me they were unfounded. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 25 

But to set all doubt at rest, I requested one of the original 
incorporators, Mr. Albert F. Adams, of Washington, D. G, to investigate. 
At the same time I made direct inquiry of Mr. John C. Dancy, Recorder 
of Deeds, and procured a copy of the corporation laws of the District 
of Columbia under which the Association was incorporated. 

The result of the investigation was to establish the fact that the 
Association was and is legally incorporated, and is founded on a rock as 
unassailable as Gibraltar. 

Its Articles of Incorporation moreover give it full liberty in every 
field in which it may consistently exercise its activities, nor do they pre- 
clude the application of the term "constitution and by-laws" to our ex- 
isting rules of procedure and business. 

They permit us to inquire into the educational processes obtaining in 
our schools; to accumulate an endowment fund — to take, receive, hold and 
convey real and personal estate necessary for our purposes, the clear an- 
nual income not to exceed $25,000. They permit us to establish a federa- 
tion under the clause relating to the forming of branch societies. 

In short, the objects of our Association are defined to be "the im- 
provement, development and extension of schools for the deaf throughout 
the world, and especially in the United States, the members of this society 
being nearly all graduates of such schools; the intellectual, professional 
and industrial improvement and the social enjoyment of the members 
through correspondence, consultation, the forming of branch societies, 
and the holding of national conventions at such times and places as may 
be appointed by the officers and managers in accordance with the con- 
stitution and by-laws of the society.'' 

In the past we have not justly appreciated the power and dignity con- 
ferred upon the organized deaf of our country by this document. Under its 
provisions we are one of the most purely philanthropic associations 
in existence, and under its provisions also we may constitute ourselves 
a militant vigilance committee to guard the interests and welfare of our 
class. Only within the last few years have we begun to exercise these 
privileges. 

FEDERATION 

One of the topics that will claim our consideration is that of 
federation. 

A committee, of which I was chairman, submitted a report at 
Norfolk, drafted by myself, which embodied the suggestions and in- 
structions given on this subject at the conventions of Philadelphia, St. 
Paul and St. Louis. This report was tabled with the understanding that 
it was to be taken up at the present convention. 

Since then the topic of federation or reorganization has received 
more discussion in the deaf-mute press than any other matter connected 
with the Association. I must plead guilty that I overtly and covertly 



26 PROCEEDINGS OP THE N. A. D. 

fostered this agitation. Almost my sole object was to advertise the 
N. A. D., to give it prominence in the minds of the American deaf, and 
I believe I succeeded. Perhaps I succeeded too well, for not a few of 
our friends are laboring under the hallucination that unless the Associa- 
tion is reorganized and rebuilt from cellar to garret according to plans 
and specifications of their own, its whole structure will fall in a mass of 
debris and ruin. 

I need not remind you that to merely adopt a plan of federation at 
this convention does not convert the Association immediately into a 
federation. Whatever plan is ultimately adopted must be submitted to the 
constituent organizations it is proposed to admit, and until a sufficient 
number of these organizations ratify the new arrangement, the Associa- 
tion will continue in business as heretofore, under the present constitution 
and by-laws, or as they may be amended by yourselves later during the 
sessions of this convention. 

AMENDMENTS 

A number of amendments to the constitution and by-laws will claim 
your attention and should be definitely acted upon. Those by Mrs. 
Veditz and Mr. Hanson were submitted and published in due process 
of law. That by Mr. Spear proposes to throw out and supersede our en- 
tire existing set of rules. All await your deliberation and decision. 

I would earnestly urge the adoption of one of the amendments that 
proposes to permit members of the Association who may be unable to at- 
tend the convention to vote by mail in the election of officers and on 
amendments to the constitution. 

THE CIVIL SERVICE 

I take pride in the fact that during my administration several dis- 
criminations intended or actually existing against the deaf have been 
removed or remedied. The Committee on Eugenics has disclaimed any 
intention of including the deaf in its proscription list. The Commissioner 
of Immigration at Ellis Island, as well as the Department of Commerce 
and Labor, has, on our protest in the threatened deportation of the Rev. 
Carl Olsen, because he was deaf, disclaimed any intention to discriminate 
against our class. The Annual Conferences of Charities and Correction 
are beginning to see that the deaf are more properly subjects of discus- 
sion at educational conventions than at their own meetings. The Na- 
tional Educational Association has for the first time in its history ad- 
mitted a regularly appointed representative of the N. A. D. to its 
discussions, and has received much enlightenment. 

I would urge that hereafter we send regular representatives of our 
organization to the meetings of the Speech Association and of the 
Teachers' Association. We can claim for them the same privilege that 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 27 

was accorded our representative, Mr. Wyand, by the N. E. A. at Boston 
last July. 

But our greatest victory was the rout of General John Black and 
his colleagues of the Civil Service Commission. Two Presidents of 
the United States, the Department heads under two administrations, 
Governors, Senators and Congressmen were involved in the fight. The 
deaf themselves were a unit and fought shoulder to shoulder. The 
zeal was such that it almost accomplished the seemingly impossible feat 
of uniting them politically. 

We won, but still we have not won, for it seems we are making 
no attempt to enjoy the fruits of our victory. 

I believe it would be well for the Association to create a standing 
Civil Service Commission of its own, whose duty it shall be to see to it 
that not only no discrimination be exercised against the deaf by exam- 
ining boards, but that existing limitations be still further lessened or 
removed. 

There should be more deaf-mutes in the Civil Service. I would be- 
speak the cooperation of the Gallaudet College Alumni in the appoint- 
ment of a similar committee to encourage students of the college to fit 
themselves for positions in the governmental service. 

THE INDUSTRIAL EXHIBIT 

I would call attention to the industrial exhibit held as an adjunct 
to this Convention and Congress. In a way it is an innovation. There 
was a small exhibit at St. Paul in 1899, but this could in no way compare 
with the present display of the evidence of the mechanical skill and 
thoroughness possessed by the deaf in many of the arts and handicrafts. 

I would beg that the present exhibit be regarded as a first attempt 
and that such displays be hereafter made a regular feature of our con- 
ventions. They cannot fail to stimulate the ambition of the deaf to excel 
in mechanical occupations, and at the same time if properly placed on 
exhibition they will most assuredly exert a great influence in moulding 
favorable public opinion of the deaf. 

In this connection it is with profound regret that I announce the 
resignation of Mr. Warren Robinson as Director of the Industrial Bureau, 
whose head he has been for the past eleven years. His heart and soul 
were in this work, and the Association has never had a more zealous, 
loyal and efficient servant. Our grateful appreciation should go to 
Mr. Robinson for the work he has done in connection with this Bureau. 
It will be difficult to find a successor equally self-sacrificing and efficient. 

RESOLUTIONS ON METHODS OF EDUCATION 

The World's Congress at St. Louis in 1904 adopted a series of 
strong resolutions on educational methods. These resolutions were re- 



28 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

iterated at Norfolk. In fact they were promulgated in substance at every 
one of our conventions beginning with Chicago in 1893. 

Last fall it occurred to me that we might resolve and resolve until, 
to use a homely phrase, the cows come home, and nothing would come of 
it if we stopped right there. Accordingly, I selected six of these reso- 
lutions, had them printed, and sent copies to the superintendent or prin- 
cipal of every State school for the deaf in this country, as well as of a 
number of pure oral day and boarding schools. Each copy was accom- 
panied with a courteous request for an expression of opinion. 

The resolutions referred to were as follows : 

Resolved, That we recognize and appreciate to the fullest extent all 
methods of educating the deaf, but deplore and condemn the narrow and 
destructive spirit that endeavors to educate all pupils by any single 
method. We are firmly and unalterably in favor of the Combined 
System, which adapts the method to the pupil, and not the pupil to the 
method. 

(Resolutions similar in tenor to the above were unanimously adopted 
at the National Conventions at Chicago, 1893; Philadelphia, 1896; St. 
Paul, 1899; St. Louis, 1904, and Norfolk, 1907.) 

Resolved, That the educated deaf, even though they may not be in the 
profession, feel that it is their privilege to discuss and pass upon questions 
of educational methods, inasmuch as they are the results of these 
methods, and that their opinions therefore should have the weight of 
authority. 

Resolved, That to those deaf who have never acquired speech through 
the medium of the ear, speech as represented by the motions of the lips 
and mouth is a sign language and those oral teachers who decry the 
conventional language of signs and the manual alphabet are guilty of an 
inconsistency. 

Resolved, That, in our opinion, it is the duty of every teacher of the 
deaf, no matter what method he or she uses, to have a working command 
of the sign language. 

Resolved, That the highest educational interests of the deaf require 
an increased ratio of deaf teachers possessing the requisite intellectual 
and moral qualifications. 

Resolved, That the oral method, which withholds from the con- 
genially and quasi-congenitally deaf the use of the language of signs 
outside the school room, robs these children of their birthright. 

A number of the superintendents responded promptly. After wait- 
ing a reasonable time for the mental mills of the remaining gods to re- 
volve, I sent each a courteous reminder that an answer to my previous 
letter was desired. This brought more replies, but a number of our 
friends are yet to be heard from. 

Right here let me say that a person who thus disregards the opinions 
of the educated and organized deaf has no license to pose as an educator 
of the deaf nor as the head of a school supported by the taxes of the 
people and of which they pay their share. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 29 

And right here let me say that the organized deaf do not understand 
their own might. It is in their power, if united, to dictate to the schools 
what methods of education should be pursued therein. Their cause is so 
palpably just that public, legislators and parents must in the end side 
with them. 

I will quote the letters received in reply from the chiefs of the two 
hostile camps in full— that from Dr. Edward Miner Gallaudet, our Grand 
Old Man, the father of the Combined System, and that from Dr. Alex- 
ander Graham Bell, the High Priest of the Oral Method in this country.' 

Washington, D. C, November 2, 1909. 

Mr. George W. Veditz, President of the National Association of the Deaf, 
Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Dear Sir: I have yours of October 26th, with the resolutions en- 
closed; they meet my approval entirely, and I am glad to know that your 
Association will take measures to press the sentiments expressed in these 
resolutions upon those who have the responsibility of managing schools 
for the deaf. I have long felt that the voice of the educated deaf should 
be heard and heeded in matters concerning the care and teaching of 
those to whom the sense of hearing has been denied. I am, 

Very truly yours, 

E. M. Gallaudet. 

Washington, D. C., January 5, 1910. 

Mr. George W. Veditz, President of the National Association of the 
Deaf, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Dear Sir: Your note of the 29th ult. received, enclosing a copy of 
certain resolutions passed last year by the National Association of the 
Deaf, of which you are President. 

I am glad to see from these resolutions that your Association takes 
an interest in the general subject of the education of the deaf; and your 
opinions are certainly entitled to respect and consideration. 

You ask for my views upon the same subject in order to ascertain 
how far my attitude differs from yours. 

It gives me pleasure to comply with your request; and I may say, 
after examining your resolutions, that we differ chiefly upon one point: 
the use of the sign language in the instruction of the young. You advo- 
cate its use, and I do not ; and that is the chief point of difference 
between us. 

I have nothing to urge against the use of this language by adult deaf 
persons in talking to one another if they so desire. That is a matter 
which concerns themselves alone ; and they are certainly entitled to employ 
any language that they may prefer. 

My objections relate chiefly to the use of the language in the in- 
struction of the young; and I look at the matter from the standpoint of a 
teacher pledged to do his best for the little pupils entrusted to his care. 

One thing is certain : Our pupils come to us to learn English, not the 
sign language; and one great object of their education is to enable them 
to communicate with the people at home, and with the world of hearing 
and speaking people around them. 



30 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

It is therefore our duty, as instructors of the deaf, to teach our 
pupils to use the English language as freely as possible. It is our duty 
to teach them to read and write; and to speak, and understand spoken 
utterances by watching the mouth. It. is our duty to make the English 
language the vernacular of the deaf child, so that he shall think in English, 
and become as like the hearing child in every particular as the necessities 
of his case admit. 

Whether we use spoken English, or written English, or English 
spelled upon the fingers, as our usual means of communication, is a 
matter of quite secondary importance to the language itself; for these are 
all forms of one and the same language, English. 

But when we come to the language of signs we are dealing with a 
different language altogether, not English at all; and it is certainly no 
part of our duty as instructors of the deaf, to encourage our pupils to 
employ a foreign language, not understood by the people at home, nor 
by the world of hearing and speaking people with whom we desire them 
to come into communication. It is no part of our duty to help them to 
become foreigners in their own country by permitting them to use, as a 
means of communication, a language that is not understood by the people 
of that country. 

In brief, our relative positions seem to be as follows: 

I hold that, in an English-speaking country like the United States, 
the English language, and the English language alone, should be used 
as the means of communication and instruction in all of our public 
schools. 

You hold that the sign language should also be employed in schools 
for the deaf; though why deaf children should be obliged to learn two 
distinct languages, where one alone is sufficient, your resolutions fail to 
state. In my opinion necessity alone could justify this, and necessity has 
not been shown. 

The sign language unfortunatelv is not English, and is therefore a 
foreign language to English-speaking people. It is obviously not advisable 
that our pupils should acquire, and use as their vernacular, a language 
that is not understood by the people among whom they live. 

Yours sincerely, 

Alexander Graham Bell. 

Dr. Bell's reply is to my mind a confession of the failure of the 
oral method. 

I would urge upon this convention to condemn in no equivocal terms 
the schism that now exists in the ranks of our teachers — to condemn that 
condition of affairs that splits them into two apparently hostile camps, 
that makes it necessary to hold two conventions, one for teachers of 
speech, and one for those teachers to whom all are fish that come to 
their nets. It is an incongruous, an anomalous condition, and if the 
public understood the public would be sure to condemn. 

Wherever the deaf have received an education the method by which 
it is imparted is the burning question of the day with them, for the 
deaf are what their schooling makes them, more than any other class 
of humans. They are facing not a theory but a condition, for they are 
first, last and all the time the people of the eye. To them the gateway 
of speech— the ear— is closed, and to argue that the eye must become 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 31 

the vehicle of sound — of speech — to those who have never heard is 
simply folly. 

THE LADIES' AUXILIARY 

In conclusion I beg leave to present one subject that I have been 
agitating, when occasion offered, during the past three years — a Ladies' 
Auxiliary of the N. A. D. It is true women are admitted to equal mem- 
bership and privileges in our Association, but an examination of our rec- 
ords will show that their active participation in our affairs has been 
almost nil. I believe if, without withdrawing from the Association, they 
were to form one great committee to include every woman member, as 
an auxiliary organization, electing their own officers and meeting some- 
what in the same manner as the Gallaudet Alumni, their interest in the 
Association would greatly increase, more of them would join, they would 
find no dearth of subjects to engage their activities, and our conventions 
would consequently be augmented in numbers and influence. 

Attention is called to the reports of the several committees and 

officers which will be duly submitted. They are of great value and merit 

your careful study. 

Respectfully, 

George Wm. Veditz, President. 



Rev. P. J. Hasenstab, of Illinois, offered the following motion: 

"Inasmuch as there are assigned for Friday, August 12, matters of 
considerable importance and bearing on the Association and its objects, 
that need our immediate and sufficient attention and effective action, 
I move that the reports of all standing committees of the Association, 
excepting the Committee on Resolutions, be submitted on Wednesday, the 
10th inst, instead." 

Before action could be taken on this motion, Mr. A. W. Wright, of 
Washington, moved to adjourn the meeting, subject to the call of the 
President. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. L. M. Hunt, of South Dakota, and 
passed by an overwhelming vote. Time, 12:15 p. m. 

The Convention adjourned to the terrace in front of the school 
building to be photographed by Mr. A. L. Pach, of New York, the 
official photographer of the Convention. 

During the afternoon, the Gallaudet College Alumni Association held 
its meeting, and in the evening the superintendent and trustees of the 
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind tendered a reception to the 
members of the Convention and Congress. 



All day Tuesday was given up to outing trips, on which were visited 
many of the wonderful scenic attractions in and around Colorado Springs. 



32 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

In the evening a moving picture seance was given. The films showed the 
evolutions of the Fanwood Cadets. Several of Prof. William G. Jones, 
in his rendition in the sign language of Shakespeare's "Seven Ages 
of Man" and "The Parson and the Monkey," secured through the cour- 
tesy of Prof. Enoch H. Currier, Principal of the Fanwood School, were 
exhibited. Mr. O. H. Regensburg, National Treasurer of the Moving 
Picture Fund, gave a short address and reported that the receipts in two 
days, since his arrival at Colorado Springs, amounted to over $1,800, 
bringing the total of the fund to date close to $4,000. The moving 
picture entertainment was held in the Auditorium of the Colorado School 
and proved an enjoyable and instructive one, for it showed what might be 
accomplished by the moving picture project for the education and enter- 
tainment of the deaf and for the preservation of the sign language for 
the benefit of posterity. 



Wednesday Morning Session 

AUGUST 10, 1910 



Upon calling the meeting to order at 10:55, the members being over 
an hour late in assembling, the President introduced the Rev. P. J. 
Hasenstab, who offered the opening invocation. 

The President stated that Miss Mary M. Williamson, who was slated 
on the program for a rendition in the sign language of "The Marseillaise," 
was unavoidably detained in Chicago. She fully deserves honor since 
she had determined to keep her part on the program, even if compelled 
to pay $50 in railroad fares for that single privilege. 

Miss Bertha Hamilton, of Michigan, asked permission to take the 
floor. Upon being granted, she ascended the platform and made these 
remarks: I am sorry that what I am now going to do could not have 
been done at the opening session of the Convention last Monday, but 
here is a gavel that was made of wood taken from the warship "Old 
Ironsides" that fought in the historic war of 1812. The gavel was made 
by a deaf person in the Michigan School for the Deaf. Now in the name 
of the deaf of my State, Michigan, I present this gavel to you, Mr. 
President. (Applause.) 

The President: Truly it is an inspiration to me to hold and use 
that which was once a part of the revered vessel wherein our Commodores 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 33 

Hull and Bainbridge commanded and fought so valiantly in many naval 
battles during the war of 1812. Accordingly I accept the gift of the deaf 
of Michigan with thanks. (Applause.) 

The President requested the Secretary to read the telegrams of 
greetings, sent by the Pas-a-Pas Club of Chicago and by Mrs. G. E. M. 
Nelson, of Buffalo. 

The President: We have here today, Dr. J. R. Dobyns, superin- 
tendent of the Mississippi School for the Deaf, who has been delegated 
by the Board of Directors of his school to attend this World's Congress 
of the Deaf. I will now ask him to address you. 



DR. DOBYNS' ADDRESS 

The Board of Trustees of the Mississippi School for the Deaf sent me 
to Colorado Springs to bring cordial and fraternal greetings from the 
management, from the faculty and from the student body of that school 
to this World's Congress of the Deaf. 

The trustees of that school have, during the past four years, given 
themselves an exceptional opportunity, by bringing distinguished, educated 
deaf men from other States to Mississippi to deliver addresses on such 
subjects as they might choose, to see what education for the deaf means. 
The faculty feels that it has been greatly honored in meeting and know- 
ing and hearing these men. 

What shall I say of the effect upon the pupils? I can see it, but I 
cannot measure it. It beams in the eye; it reveals itself in the coun- 
tenance; it lingers in the heart and brings forth fruit in the life. 

Would that every school for the deaf in this great land had such 
opportunities ! 

In the thirty-six years that I have "gone out and come in" before the 
deaf I have attended many conferences and conventions of trustees, super- 
intendents, principals and teachers. 

From what I know of the educated deaf, I am sure that I never 
looked out over an assemblage of men and women who were giving their 
lives for the education of the deaf who had a broader intellectual vision 
or a stronger intellectual grasp than the body before which I stand now. 
Elevated as you are upon the towering pinnacle of education, which 
makes Pike's Peak appear as a footstool, there is absolutely no obstruction 
to the grand sweep of your vision, and you can look back and see whence 
you came and forward and see whither you are going. As a class, you 
are exhibiting to the world the most splendid powers of mind and heart. 
As a friend, I roll upon your shoulders today the responsibilities that 
come with knowledge and culture. No school for the deaf, in my opinion, 
can do the very best work in educating the deaf (I am weighing my words 
now) that does not avail itself of that powerful but silent and pervading 
influence that emanates from the head and heart of the educated Chris- 
tian deaf man and woman in supervision, in the shop and in the school 
room. 

There are, among the educated deaf of this country, to my personal 
knowledge, men and women who are all brains. They are men and 
women of true hearts. These men study the great problems of the day 
in the light of history and literature. Some of them are statesmen. 



34 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Would that the interests of our great country were as safe in the 
hands of our counselors as the interests of the deaf would be if left in 
the hands of these of their educated deaf friends. 

If the educated deaf will be guided by the wisdom found in them- 
selves, they will not go whining, "demanding their rights." Their rights 
will make the demands for themselves. 

When you look back over the nineteenth century and see what it did 
for you, and what you did for it, can you not look into the twentieth 
century and behold yourself away up on the Mount of Beatitude! 



The President: This Convention has been shown marks of special 
honor. The Imperial Chinese Consul General and the Vice-Consul of 
China are with us in accordance with the Chinese Emperor's instruction. 
Hon. Joseph F. Humphrey represents the Colorado School for the Deaf, 
and his recent address was the first public one he was ever willing to 
deliver. The Maryland School's board requested the superintendent, 
Dt. C. W. Ely, to come to this Convention, the board furnishing ample 
funds therefor. Word has been received that sickness in the family de- 
tains him at home. Now the Mississippi School's Board recognizes the 
importance of this meeting by sending Dr. Dobyns here. 

Mr. N. Field Morrow, of Indiana: I move a rising vote of thanks 
be given the Mississippi School's Board for sending Dr. Dobyns here. 

Seconded and carried. The members rose and made their acknowl- 
edgment. 

The President: Mr. Hasenstab's motion is before you. 

Mr. Hasenstab stated his motion again. Rev. J. M. Koehler, of 
Missouri, rose and seconded the motion. 

Mr. A. B. Greener, of Ohio: I object to making changes in the 
program. What has been prepared should remain unaltered. 

Mr. J. C. Howard, of Minnesota: I offer as a substitute motion 
that the President appoint a new committee on program to rearrange the 
program and that the committee be governed by Roberts' Rules of Order. 
According to Roberts' Rules of Order the regular business of the Asso- 
ciation comes first and the reading of papers and discussions come under 
new business. I consider the recitations of poems at each session as an 
unnecessary waste of time and as having no bearings on the business 
before the Convention. 

The President: I rule Mr. Howard's amendment out of order on 
the ground that there is a provision in the Constitution that any point not 
directly covered by the Constitution concerning the business of the Con- 
vention should be decided by Roberts' Rules of Order. Moreover, the 
Constitution and By-Laws provide that the program of the Convention 
shall be prepared and announced a month in advance by a committee 
specially appointed for the purpose. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 35 

Dr. T. F. Fox, of New York: We are here for business, to show 
what we have accomplished and how the work of the Association is 
performed. There is much we can teach the general public in regard ft) 
the deaf — the public obtains too much misinformation from other sources. 
Now, the Committee on Program was appointed months ago, and after 
considerable correspondence, careful consideration of various suggestions, 
and no little labor, they presented their work in the form of the regular 
program of this Convention, combining business and entertainment. The 
members of the committee are not infallible, but have clearly striven to 
accomplish the greatest good for the greatest number. The papers on the 
program are really the most important business before the Convention. 
They deal with matters which will furnish the public information con- 
cerning the deaf and their views on vital questions affecting their status 
as citizens. For another reason, I am opposed to any change at this 
time; it would not only !be insulting the efforts of the Committee on 
Program, but would, moreover, be a slight to those members who, having 
been invited to prepare papers, and having spent much time and thought in 
their preparation, would now have their efforts thrown aside, and that, 
too, after it had been publicly announced and expected that the papers 
would he read and discussed. We should keep to the official program, 
announced in advance, which draws us here in convention. 

Mr. P. J. Hasenstab: I am here to say that I have no other object 
in offering the motion than that we should follow Roberts' Rules of 
Order, which provide that the reports of standing and other committees 
should follow the opening addresses. This is the usual course observed 
by other conventions and assemblies. I was somewhat surprised upon 
glancing over the program when it was published, and thought the com- 
mittee might have made a different one in accordance with the order 
of business provided in the Rules of Order. What I have done regarding 
the motion was decided upon some time ago. 

The President asked Vice-President Michaels to take the chair. Mr. 
Veditz asked for the privilege of the floor. 

Mr. Veditz : The program is arranged in accordance with the idea 
of dealing with those problems that are most intimately connected with 
our welfare. As to the songs, we want to enlighten the hearing public 
that deaf persons appreciate patriotism and, therefore, these patriotic songs 
•are just as much a part of our important business as the regular business 
is. In arranging the program our idea has been mainly to inform the 
public as fully and faithfully as possible that we are able to discuss va- 
rious topics concerning our lot in life. The plan of the program was 
agreed upon three years ago and these speakers were soon after engaged. 
The ordinary business routine at the Chicago Congress was gone through 
in only three hours; six hours at Philadelphia and at St. Louis in one 
session. No one can claim to be more loyal as a servant to the Associa- 

EEWAHD MINEF. '^1 V-'l'VT Mi.ilOHIAL LIBflAHl 
G L.. - ' ^ : CCLL.r.jE 



36 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

tion than myself, and in preparing this program I would not do any- 
thing that would be injurious to the Association. 

Ms. A. R. Spear, of Minnesota: In the world there is nothing so 
sweet and so powerful as love. Love must rule, and thus secure harmony 
and progress. I am not here to destroy the Association. Certainly there 
is no one else here who came to destroy it. But if there is one, he 
must be removed. But we must build up in all lines. Divided, we cannot 
agree together. Then, how can we build together? The question before 
us is greater than anything else and has more weight as to the future 
work of the Association than you think now. Endeavor to build for 
the future. The motion made by Mr. Hasenstab is being weighed. 
Many are not satisfied. Then, give whatever satisfaction is really needed. 
No one has criticized the Committee on Program individually. I claim 
them all as my friends, and honor them. Only an error in their 
judgment as to the plan of program has been made. To err is human. 
Yet it is our duty to be loyal to the Association, and therefore our 
duty to support the motion. When you do not do so, you fail in loyalty 
to the Association. The object of the motion is to build up the Asso- 
ciation. You all have just listened to Dr. Dobyns' testimony that this 
Convention is superior to many other conventions and assemblies. Shall 
we, then, not show and satisfy others what we are? We must be equal 
to that gentleman's opinion. And if the motion is not supported as it 
should be, I shall be ashamed when going home. The motion deserves 
your support, which should be given and the Association should build 
upon. 

President Veditz again occupied the chair. 

Mr. S. A. Freeman, of Georgia : I am opposed to any change of the 
program. It is late now. The proper time to make any changes was when the 
program was under consideration by the committee appointed to arrange 
it. I do not see what good is to be accomplished by making any changes 
at this late day. Everything will come up in its proper order. And, Mr. 
President, as we have already wasted valuable time in debate, I move the 
previous question. 

The President: The previous question has been raised. Mr. L. M. 
Hunt, of South Dakota, seconds it. There being no opposition we shall 
now vote on the main question. 

The vote was overwhelmingly against Rev. Mr. Hasenstab's motion. 

The President: Mr. Hasenstab's motion is lost. We shall now 
proceed with the program as announced. The debate on the question: 
"Resolved, That the Combined System is superior and preferable to the 
Pure Oral Method of educating the deaf, as ensuring the fullest develop- 
ment of the individual," is in order. The question is the burning issue of 
these days. Dr. T. F Fox, of New York, will deliver arguments in favor 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 37 

of the Combined System from an educational standpoint. Mr. Hall will 
read orally. 

THE COMBINED SYSTEM AND THE ORAL METHOD IN THEIR 
RELATION TO THE EDUCATION OF DEAF-MUTES 

BY THOMAS FRANCIS FOX, NEW YORK CITY 

(Condensed) 
(See Journal, December 1, 1910, for full paper.) 

Speech acquired by the deaf child can have little of the force and 
power ordinarily accompanying it in the hearing. 

Assertions made by certain educators that all deaf children can learn 
speech are stupid and impossible. 

Deaf children differ largely in original mental endowment and char- 
acteristics. They cannot, therefore, all be taught by the same method. 

The Combined or Eclectic System, perfected by Thomas Hopkins 
Gallaudet and his followers, "rejects alike the idolatrous homage to articu- 
lation rendered by the upholders of a single method, as well as the undue 
preference of those favoring signs for the mere expansion of ideas, to 
the neglect of positive knowledge and the practical application of English 
in daily life." 

Dr. A. L. E. Crouter says : "Speech to be of value to a deaf child, 
or man, must be natural and intelligible." Probably only about 30 per 
cent, of the deaf reach the average of success in speech. 

The public will lose faith in the impossible claims of oral teachers. 
How many of these have spent ten years in actual class-room teaching? 

The creed of the educated deaf is: Make an honest effort to teach 
speech to deaf-mutes. A fair proportion may be so taught. Let the 
remainder have the benefits of the Combined System. People are being 
deceived in favor of oralism by a partisan, intolerant, and often untruth- 
ful propaganda. Advocates of various methods should be frank as to 
what their methods can and cannot do. They should unite to suppress 
the extreme oralists and theorizing dilettante. 

Mr. J. S. Long, of Iowa, moved a recess be taken until afternoon. 
Seconded by Mr. F. A. Johnson, of Illinois. Passed. Time, 12:20 p. m. 



Wednesday Afternoon Session 

AUGUST 10, 1910-3:05 O'CLOCK 



Prior to calling the meeting to order, the President invited Dr. Argo 
to give a little talk on "Natural History," as he termed it, and concern- 
ing gifts made to the school by the late General Palmer, one of which 
was the $22,000 playground. General applause followed. 



38 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Prayer was offered by Rev. B. R. Allabough, of Pennsylvania. 

The President: It is with regret that I announce the sudden call 
which Miss Elizabeth De Long, of Utah, received yesterday to return 
home owing to the serious illness of her father. Miss De Long is on 
our program for a rendition in the sign language of the Convention 
Ode, written by Mr. J. F. Meagher, of Kentucky. I shall call upon Mrs. 
Frieda B. Carpenter, of Illinois, to give us "Die Wacht am Rhein." 

When Mrs. Carpenter had finished, the unfinished program of the 
morning was taken up. The President introduced Mr. R. P. MacGregor, 
of Ohio, as another champion of the Combined System. 

Mr. MacGregor delivered the following arguments from the social 
standpoint, Dr. Argo reading orally: 



THE SOCIAL SIDE OF ORALISM 

BY R. P. MACGREGOR, COLUMBUS, OHIO 

(Condensed) 
(See Journal, August 18, 1910, for full paper.) 

"We have never been able to capture a real, simon-pure oralistic 
'restored to society* deaf person and hold him long enough to get him 
under the microscope and describe him." 

The deaf desire the society of their fellows. A system of educa- 
tion that deprives them of this pleasure is defective. Imperfect speech 
and ignorance of signs closes both hearing and deaf society to the orally 
taught. 

A few deaf people are able to speak and lip-read, and get along fairly 
well. But they are usually semi-mutes and owe their ability to some loving, 
painstaking relative. Yet the oralists claim these as products of their 
own. 

At a recent reunion of graduates at an oral school, the attempt to 
converse orally among themselves was abandoned and resort made to 
pad and pencil ! The parents of these graduates had paid $1,000 annually 
for the special advantages offered by the school. Yet the results obtained 
were wholly unsatisfactory. It was obtaining money under false pretenses. 
What can the average deaf child without these high-priced advantages 
profit by the oral method? 

Ninety per cent, of the orally taught deaf drop their acquired speech, 
except with near relatives, and resort to writing. 

A practical education usually goes with imperfect speech, and perfect 
speech with an imperfect and impracticable English education. 

"There is absolutely no social side to pure oralism for the average 
deaf person." 



Mr. O. Hanson, of Washington, delivered the following paper on 
"The Combined System versus Oral," Dr. Dobyns interpreting for the 
benefit of the hearing: 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 39 

THE COMBINED SYSTEM VS. THE ORAL METHOD 

BY OLOF HANSON, SEATTLE, WASH. 

(Condensed) 
(See Journal, September 8, 1910, for full paper.) 

The Oral Method limits the pupil to one method. The Combined 
System embraces all methods. 

Statistics obtained from the Annals show that eighty per cent of the 
deaf in this country are taught under the Combined System, and twenty 
per cent, by the Oral Method. 

The sign language enables the deaf to enjoy sermons, lectures, de- 
bates, etc. Very few, if any, of the orally taught deaf obtain such enjoy- 
ment. They cannot lip-read sufficiently well, and do not understand the 
sign language. The brightest among the orally taught deaf themselves 
admit this. 

The Oral Method wastes the pupil's time in* speech drill at the 
expense of mental development. 

Unprejudiced observers have found that the orally taught deaf 
have no better command of English than pupils educated in Combined 
System schools. 

Orally taught students entering Gallaudet College seldom take a 
leading part in student activities, and none have ranked mentally above 
Combined System products. No orally taught student has ever taken the 
valedictory at the college. 

Combined System products have as successfully pursued courses at 
colleges for the hearing as have certain orally taught deaf. 

The Oral Method is used advantageously only with bright pupils. 
Pupils classed as feeble-minded by oral schools have been successfully 
educated in Combined System schools. "The Combined System, rightly 
used, gives all the deaf the best education they are capable of receiving." 



The President: General debate is in order. 

[In this connection it should be stated that invitations have been 
extended to speak for the Oral Method in this debate to Dr. Alexander 
Graham Bell, of Washington, grand sponsor of the Oral Method in Amer- 
ica; to Dr. A. L. E. Crouter, of Mt. Airy, Penn., vice-grand sponsor; 
to Mr. Frank W. Booth, superintendent of the Volta Bureau, Washington, 
D. C, the chief storehouse of oral misinformation in this country; to 
Mr. Harris Taylor, principal of the Lexington Avenue, New York, 
Oral School; to Miss Caroline A. Yale, principal of the Clarke Oral 
School, at Northampton, Mass., and to Mr. Elbert A. Gruver, principal 
of the Central New York School, Rome, N. Y., but all have declined, 
signifying their inability to be present at the Convention. Efforts will not 
be relaxed to find champions for this method. Senator Guggenheim has 
promised, if possible, to serve as one of the judges of the debate. — 
Extract from the Official Program.] 

Mr. J. F. Meagher, of Kentucky: If Mr. MacGregor desires any 
substantiations of his statements, I would like to say just a word. This 



40 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

bullfrog (pointing to himself) has been beneath the harrow also. For 
three years, from nine to twelve, I attended the Fechheimer Day School 
(oral) and about all that I ever absorbed there was a comprehensive 
course in deviltry. Being practically expelled, my parents sent me to a 
State School where practical methods prevailed, and on leaving Rochester 
after a five-year course there, I know it for a fact that one of my old 
oral teachers went on record as stating I had deteriorated mentally in the 
interval. The usual vagaries of a writer's life followed, and when my 
pen began to attract attention, the oralists pounced upon me as one of 
their "shining examples" and gave me any office in their alumni asso- 
ciation that I wanted. And my old principal actually feels hurt, con- 
siders me an ingrate for not rallying to the support of the oral standard. 
Mr. T. H. d'Estrella, of California: It is still a serious question 
with me. I have observed that deaf-mutes themselves have not been 
against oralism, while semi-mutes are, and that oral teachers are in- 
creasing, while deaf teachers are disappearing. Mr. Caldwell had a test 
examination of his pupils in the California school, and a similar one was 
made of pupils of like grade in the Mt. Airy school. Results decided 
in favor of the Mt. Airy pupils, and we could not explain why. At 
the conference of teachers of the deaf in Scotland Dr. Crouter said 
that all deaf children could speak. Dr. Wilkinson saw him later on that 
point and the latter did not answer. Then, it remains for the deaf to 
show the difference, so that the public can see it. 

Mr. D. R. Tillinghast, of North Carolina: For the first time I 
stand before you in a National Association convention. I may be the 
oldest deaf person present here. Three men have argued their side of the 
question, but none appears on the other. They all say what generally we 
know more or less. The superintendents of schools for deaf children 
will not read our proceedings. The oralists, generally backed by plenty 
of money, blow their own horn, and we are unable to prevent the published 
accounts of their work. An inventor made a demonstration of a ma- 
chine that picks cotton off the bush. The cotton buyer complained that 
the cotton brought to him was not clean. So the machine is not as per- 
fect and successful as it needs to be. The oralists say that their grad- 
uate's education is finished, but the people have more or less difficulty 
with him. We find much difficulty in trying to convince the public. Yet 
we must do something. We are gathering statistics among the deaf in 
North Carolina as to their social standing and general progress. Through 
these statistics thus gathered and compared, we shall be able to answer. 
These statistics will be like a steam-roller crushing low all oralists' claims. 
It may take time, even several years, but we must work with patience. 
Each member must work. Statistics will be our answer. 

Mr. S. M. Freeman, of Georgia, in argument, read a paper. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 41 

PURE ORALISM VS. THE COMBINED SYSTEM 

BY S. M. FREEMAN, CAVE SPRING, GA. 

(Condensed) 

The deaf stand almost alone in their fight for the Combined System. 
But we still have a few friends left. A hearing educator of the deaf, who 
stands second to none, said to me the other day: "What, to talk, talk 
to the ignorant deaf pupil and ask, 'Do you understand?' to spell, spell, 
spell, and follow it up with the same question, that is all humbug. Signs 
are necessary now and then, and I shall not hesitate to use them." And 
there may be others of the same mind. 

The oralists have been active for two centuries, and have resorted 
to every device and system of trickery to force their method on the deaf. 
Everywhere, the deaf cry out against this method, so odious, slow, and 
uncertain of results. 

At the Paris congress in 1900, the oralists refused to let deaf per- 
sons debate the question of methods, and an interpreter was denied them. 
No difference by what method the deaf had been educated, the congress 
deemed them incompetent to sit in judgment or take part in the proceed- 
ings. This attitude of the oralists toward the deaf is pretty much the 
same everywhere. 

"The oral method is founded on sentiment and sustained by senti- 
ment." The public and parents of deaf children are deluded by claims 
that are impossible. Semi-mutes and the brighter pupils in the oral schools 
are paraded as showing the wonderful results of the method. The average 
time of a pupil in school is less than five years ; the oral pupil of average 
intelligence is hardly started in that time. But the public knows nothing 
of this. 

If anyone should have profited by pure oralism, I ought to have been 
that one. After becoming deaf I was sent to a public school in Cin- 
cinnati for five years, and I was taught just as are oral pupils. Dis- 
couragement and humiliation were my portion. It was not until I entered 
the school for the deaf at Columbus, where signs and finger spelling were 
used as aids, did I find any real pleasure in school and make any progress 
in my studies. 

The Northampton school is the head and front of pure oralism in 
America. It boasts of wonderful results. Let us see. What becomes of its 
graduates? Where are its Hansons? Its MacGregors? Its Tildens? 
Its Job Turners? Echo answers, "Where?" 

The public must be enlightened. We do not believe the principals 
of our schools are, deep down in their hearts, in favor of the lame oral 
method. But they are powerless, fettered by a hypnotized public. We 
must convince the public that common sense and not sentiment must 
rule in methods of education, and that the Combined System is the only 
practical method of educating the deaf. 



Upon motion of Mr. W. Glover, of South Carolina, and seconded 
by Mr. E. Swangren, of Washington, the debate was discontinued, and 
the Convention proceeded to consider the further business of the day. 

Mr. A. Schroeder, of St. Paul, Minn., delivered the following ad- 
dress : 



42 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

THE DEAF MAN IN THE BUSINESS WORLD 

BY ANTON SCHROEDER, ST. PAUL, MINN. 

(Condensed) 
(See Journal, September 1, 1910, for full paper.) 

To gain the confidence of the business man, the deaf must show good 
education and ability. 

A fair proportion of the deaf have not come from the schools pre- 
pared to meet the hearing on an equal footing. 

Adequate training in business methods and business laws is not 
afforded the deaf. Those receiving the necessary training have been 
unusually successful. Ignorance in this regard has often debarred the 
deaf from profitable employment, and sometimes has caused them the 
loss of money and property. 

The ability of the deaf must be advertised. Industrial exhibits at 
State fairs are excellent means to this end. 

Once overcoming the prejudice of business men by a display of edu- 
cation, wit, tact, and ability, a deaf man should find no difficulty in meet- 
ing these men on equal terms. 

"If a deaf man does not succeed in business, it is because of some 
fault of his own, or his poor training, the same as with hearing men." 

Root out the deaf impostors. They create much of the prejudice 
against the deaf. Pass drastic laws to suppress such vagrants. 

The deaf cannot hope to successfully remove the prejudice of the 
public without arming themselves with the unfailing weapons, education 
and training. These largely counteract the misfortune of deafness. 

The National Association of the Deaf can lend material aid in bet- 
tering the condition of deaf-mute education. 



The President called attention to the creditable display made in 
the industrial exhibit, predicting that in years yet to come it will have 
a far-reaching effect. He proposed to appoint a Committee on Awards 
to pa'ss upon the exhibits. 

Upon motion of Mr. A. L. Roberts, of Kansas, and seconded by Mr. 
O. G. Carrell, of Texas, the meeting adjourned at 6 p. m. to meet on 
Friday. 

The evening was spent in social relaxation, the members attending 
the grand ball in the pavilion at Stratton Park, where refreshments were 
also served. 

All day Thursday was devoted to a picnic at Stratton Park and ex- 
cursion trips to South Cheyenne Canyon, through the Pillars of Hercules 
to Seven Falls, climbing up Cheyenne Mountain to the site of Helen 
Hunt's first grave. At noon all gathered in North Cheyenne Canyon, where 
a bountiful lunch was served members and guests by the local commit- 
tee, and assisted by a distinguished corps of attendants, comprising Presi- 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 43 

dent and Mrs. Hall, Principal and Mrs. Argo, Vice-Consul Owyang, 
President and Mrs. Humphrey, and others. The menu was as follows : 

Radishes Back Leg of Pig Olives 

Nut Sandwiches Potato Shavings Jam Sandwiches 

Buttered Sandwiches Sliced Staff of Life 

Hot Dog Boiled Cackleberries 

Pickles Cheese 

Bananas 

Tea Cakes Coffee 

Manitou Ginger Champagne 

In the afternoon parties scattered to O'Brien's Trail, Cutler Mountain, 
Bear Creek Road and through Stratton Park, one of the most beautiful 
parks on the continent. 

The grand banquet was held in the evening at the Alamo, and was 
largely attended and thoroughly enjoyed by all those participating. 
The Chinese Consul General was the guest of honor, and the surprise' of 
the evening was the quaint address made by his Vice-Consul in the sign 
language, he having taken a few short lessons since his meeting with the 
deaf at Colorado Springs. The speakers who entertained the guests with 
the "feast of wisdom and flow of soul" and their toasts were : 

THE TOASTS 

TOAST MASTER, Mr. George Wm. Veditz. 

Gather ye rose-buds while ye may, 

Old Time is still a-flying; 
And this same flower that smiles today 

Tomorrow will be dying. — Herrick. 

THE N. A. D., Dr. Thomas F. Fox. 

"It is to this Union we owe our safety at home, and our 
consideration and dignity abroad. It is to this Union we are 
chiefly indebted for our strength as a class. Let each succeed- 
ing year of its duration teem with fresh fruits of its utility 
and its blessings." — Webster. 

THE WILD AND WOOLLY WEST, Mr. Robert P. MacGregor. 

Thy spirit let me share, 

Lord of the lion's heart and eagle eye; 
Thy steps I follow with my bosom bare 

Nor heed the storm that howls along the sky.— Smollett. 

OUR FOREIGN GUESTS, Mr. Li Yung Yew. 

Here's health to you and wealth to you, 

Honors and gifts a thousand strong; 
Here's name to you and fame to you, 

And deeds achieved your whole lives long. 



44 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

THE GALLAUDETS, Mr. Samuel M. Freeman. 

They did the Master's work with love unbounded 

By narrow creeds, 
Their simple faith, sincere and firmly founded, 

Was shown by deeds. — Hodgson. 

OUR PUBLICISTS, Mr. Edwin A. Hodgson. 

Here shall the Press the People's right maintain, 
Unawed by influence and unbribed by gain; 
Here patriot Truth her glorious precepts draw, 
Pledged to Religion, Liberty and Law.— Joseph Story. 

THE LADIES, Mr. Harry G. Long. 

Here's to the maiden of bashful fifteen, 
Here's to the widow of fifty; 
Here's to the flaunting, extravagant queen, 
Here's to the housewife that's thrifty; 

Let the toast pass; 

Drink to the lass, 
I'll warrant she'll prove an excuse for the glass !— Sheridan. 

OUR FUTURE, Mr. Olof Hanson. 

"Every man is the architect of his own fortunes, and every 
race the builder of its own future ; let us plan our structure 
so and build it on such lines that the deaf of future ages will 
arise and call us blessed."— Vedite. 



Good morrow, friends; now put your torches out- 
The night has sped ; and look, the gentle day 
Before the wheels of Phoebus round about 
Dapples the drowsy east with spots of gray."— Shakespeare 



Friday Morning Session 

AUGUST 12, 1910 



Rev^^S^ C T n" ed ^ ^^^ t0 ° rder at 10:0S a - m " and **ed 
Kev. G. F. Flick, of Illinois, to open the meeting with prayer 

Unfinished business on Wednesday's program being in order, Mr. 
O. H. Regensburg, of California, asked for the privilege of the floor 

Mr Regensburg: I move that my article on "Independent News- 
papers for the Deaf," the next on the program to be read, be ordered fiTed 
Dakota ° f ^ ° f *"* SCCOnded by Mr - L " M - Hunt, of ISth 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 45 

Mr. A. B. Greener, of Ohio : I move to amend the motion to include 
all unread papers on Wednesday's program so as to enable us to catch up 
with today's program. Seconded by Mr. F. A. Johnson, of Illinois. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab, of Illinois: I move to amend Mr. Greener's 
amendment that if time be found this afternoon these papers be read. 

Mr. Greener: I accept the amendment. 

Mr. Regensburg's motion thus amended passed. 

(Secretary's Note: Copies of some papers and debates were not 
turned over to the Secretary, hence no reviews can here be given of 
these.) 

INDEPENDENT PAPERS FOR THE DEAF 

BY OSCAR H. REGENSBURG, VENICE, CAL. 

(Condensed) 
(See Journal, August 25, 1910, for full paper.) 

The deaf have made great intellectual advancement. They must, of 
necessity, keep abreast of the times. 

No independent newspaper can live without advertising patronage. 
Subscriptions often do not defray cost of publication. 

Advertisers do not appreciate the substantial standing of the deaf as 
a class. Also, a circulation under 5,000 has no attraction for them. 

The National Exponent had over 3,000 subscribers, yet lost $2,000 in 
about two years. It had to add a job department to make up the loss. 

"No journal can reach a position of power and genuine success un- 
less its columns appeal to the great body of people and not to a part. 
To get this patronage, it must deal with real live news." 

A paper published by the N. A. D. would be regarded as "official." 
It would be difficult for the editors to be non-partisan. 

The maintenance by the N. A. D. of a department in some journal 
with a clean record would be a good plan. The Association could guar- 
antee the journal a certain sum annually, or a certain number of sub- 
scribers, in return for which the paper might grant the Association a 
commission, to be applied to the department editor's salary. 

An independent paper, to command public support, must express the 
convictions of those who control or write for it. It must be free from 
outside influence. A number of our school papers are said to be under 
the censorship of the Volta Bureau. 



SUPPLEMENT TO INDEPENDENT PAPERS 

( Condense i) 

(This supplement was never published in the press.) 

Mr. Regensburg solicited the opinions of newspaper men and others 
connected with the deaf, on four questions, viz: 

1. Are the present papers for the deaf competent to deal with vital 
questions ? 



46 PROCEEDINGS OP THE N. A. D. 

2. Have these newspapers done more for the deaf public welfare 
than an association newspaper could do? 

3. Would an association newspaper receive the same support as a 
privately owned paper? , 

4. What plan would you suggest for an N. A. D. official organ? 

A few of the many replies are, in substance, as follows : 

Dr. J. R. Dobyns, Superintendent Mississippi School: Not qualified 
to answer Nos. 1, 2 and 3. Opposed to "official organ," often a channel 
of contention. A monthly bulletin, controlled by the Executive Commit- 
tee, might be issued. 

Dr. T. F. Fox,, New York City: Nos. 1 and 2, no. No. 3, believes 
so. No. 4, an organization controlled by the Association would protect 
the interests of the deaf. Select a reliable man as editor, pay him a 
salary, and give him absolute freedom of action. 

Mr. J. F. Donnelly, Editor Catholic Deaf-Mute, New York: Nos. 
1 and 2, no. No. 3, yes, more so. No. 4, an official organ with the 
secretary as editor. Salary at least $1,200 a year. Columns should be 
open to all vital questions. Such a paper should be endowed. 

Mrs. C. L. Jackson, Editor Southern Optimist, Atlanta: Nos. 1 and 
2, most emphatically, yes. No. 3, does not believe so. Would create 
factions. No. 4, run a department in an independent paper. Pay for 
editorial work, and for space consumed, or guarantee paper a certain 
number of subscribers. 

Dr. J. L. Smith, Editor Companion, Minnesota School: Nos. 1 and 
2, no. No. 3, thinks so. No. 4, an independent paper could not exist with- 
out an endowment. Such a paper conducted by the N. A. D. would be- 
come a power in the deaf world. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz, Colorado Springs, Colo. : Believes independent 
papers have accomplished some good, but have also failed in other direc- 
tions through lack of proper editorial management. An endowment 
income could be used to subsidize an independent paper, the N. A. D. 
selecting the editor. The N. F. S. D. might also use the same organ. 

Mr. A. L. Pach, New York City: Nos. 1 and 2, yes. No. 3, the 
privately owned papers should be encouraged. No. 4, membership in the 
N. A. D. should cover subscription to an independent paper, so official 
announcements would reach all members. 

Mr. A. O. Steideman, Editor Silent Success, St. Louis: No. 1, yes. 
No. 2, depends on management. No. 3, thinks so. No. 4, let N. A. D., 
N. F. S. D. and all State organizations have same official organ, all con- 
tributing to its support. 

Prof. P. Hall, Gallaudet College, Washington, D. C: No. 1, no. 
No. 2, an endowed paper might be of more value. No. 3, a properly 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 47 

conducted official organ should command confidence and support. No. 
4, for the present, a department in some independent paper seems ad- 
visable, rather than the attempt to start a new one. 

Mr. G. S. Porter, Publisher Silent Worker, Trenton, N. J.: No. 1, 
yes. No. 2, the present papers cover a wider field than could a single 
N. A. D. organ. No. 3, yes. No. 4, a "Publicity Bureau" would be as 
effective as an official organ, and less expensive. 

Mr. G. M. McClure, Editor Standard, Kentucky School: Nos. 1, 
2, and 3, yes. No. 4, consolidate the present independent papers, enlarge 
the new one, and inaugurate a conservative editorial policy. 

Mr. A. L. Roberts, Editor Star, Kansas School: No. 1, no, not al- 
ways. No. 2, no. No. 3, yes, but depends upon N. A. D. membership. 
Not less than 5,000 would do. No. 4, the only way open now is a depart- 
ment in some established organ. 



IMPROPER CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF 

BY J. S. LONG, COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA 

(Condensed) 

The improper classification of schools for the deaf with charitable 
and correctional institutions militates against the welfare of the deaf in 
the following ways : 

1. It creates a false impression in the public mind concerning the 
deaf and their status. 

2. Deaf pupils suffer the odium of being placed in a false position. 
Parents object to this. 

3. Deaf graduates are deemed recipients of charity, dependent and 
incapable. This is why the deaf impostor reaps a rich harvest. 

4. The public refuses to regard our institutions as schools, but as 
asylums. 

5. "The only people who make no distinction in the case of the deaf 
are the tax collector, the man with something to sell, and the candidate 
with votes to win." 

6. The great majority of people get their impressions concerning 
the deaf from the status of our institutions, not from actual contact with 
worthy deaf mutes. 

7. The newspapers persist in referring to "Deaf and Dumb Asylums." 

8. The public has "come to look upon all institution people as pe- 
culiar, exclusive, and different from other people." 

9. The status of the deaf may be influenced in the eyes of the 
courts. 

10. The interest of legislatures, in many cases, is lessened when they 
are asked to appropriate money for charitable institutions. This would 
not be so were our schools classed as educational institutions. 



48 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 



THE INVESTIGATIONS OF MESSRS. BINET AND SIMON ON 

THE RESULTS OF THE ORAL METHOD 

IN FRANCE 



BY HENRI GAILLARD 



Editor-in-Chief of the Revue des Sourds-Muets. General Secretary of 
l'Avenir Silencieux of Paris 

(Condensed) 

a^JaI i 'S ui 7u 0n J $- e results , of the oral method in France was con- 
ducted by M. Alfred Binet, a celebrated psychologist, and his collaborator, 
Ur. lh. Simon. It began m 1907 and was confined to pupils of the Na- 
w°£ J? S c TTu !* Pan i S on a o nd ^e departmental institution of Asnieres, 
examined " 3nd 19 ° Z °" ly those deaf from birth were 

Inquiries were made of parents and associates of the deaf under in- 

^^r- • It A aS i° U - nd u t H a , t parents were disappointed with the poor 
speech acquired by their children, and strangers were utterly unable to 
understand what was said by these orally educated deaf. The speech thus 
acquired was totally unreliable in business intercourse. Their ability to 
lip-read was uncertain. y 

Messrs Binet and Simon conclude that the oral method "belongs to a 

Sfl££??w ^ Ury ' .r h,ch ,P rod r uces ment al rather than useful and tfngible 
effects; that it is quite useless for start ng deaf-mutes in life- that it Ho^ 
not permit them to enter into relations with stranger • hat' t does no 
even allow them a sustained conversation with their neighbors and those 
deaf who have not learned to speak gain their livelihood just as easily Is 
those provided with this imitation of speech " y 

The two disinterested investigators find that demutisation is useless for 
either socia or practical purposes; that the deaf wou d pr^t more in the 
development of written communication, as they are very po™ at con 
sructing phrases; that the oral education pupL now get presents de 

Cl " u ^ith normal intelligence should be given a two-vear tri^l W £. 1 

warrant a change of method Progress is so slow as to 

terested outside parties, otherwise %%S &^£&^ ***■ 
Plete^ boT 8 S ro" S tnYro^r " ThTor^t S T^T incom- 
extended investigation ZMCei^LetnL^Tht J"** fvT™ 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 49 

Messrs. Binet and Simon have offered to open a new inquiry, con- 
trolled by arbiters chosen by the two parties to the dispute. 

The oralists have refused this offer for reasons which the public con- 
siders ample proof that they fear a new investigation would still further 
confuse them. 



FACTS ABOUT THE FRENCH FEDERATION 

BY EDMOND PILET, ROUEN, FRANCE 

(This translation was forwarded by Mr. Pilet himself.) 

The members of the board of the National Union of the Deaf-Mute 
Societies deeply regret to be unable to send a representative to the great 
international meeting of the deaf. They ask the Congress to believe they 
are entirely with them, heart and soul, and thinking that a report sent 
under the auspices of the National Association of the Deaf would be wel- 
comed by the Congress, they beg to send the following lines : 

The National Union of France was founded at Paris in 1903, in order 
to strengthen the ties of joint responsibility between all the, societies for 
mutual aid for deaf-mutes and to contribute toward the'ir moral and 
material progress. 

The National Union held its first congress at Bordeaux in 1907. It 
was successful enough to make the government pass, among 1 other resolu- 
tions, the one referring to the establishment of pupils' sections to be 
connected with local societies of deaf-mutes. 

Some pupils' sections have been already established. They are the 
sections of the Philanthropical Union of the Deaf-Mutes of the district 
of Lyon, and of the Union of the Deaf-Mutes of the district of Limousin. 
Others will soon be established, namely, the section of the association 
of the Seine, the association of the Alpes-Maritimes, the fraternal asso- 
ciation of Normandy and Picardy, the associations of Bordeaux district, 
and the National Institution of the Deaf at Chambery. 

The National Union will hold its second congress in 1911 at Roubaix, 
in the north of France, which district is affiliated with the National Fed- 
eration of the French Deaf-Mutes. 

We, the trustees of the National Union, think that the best way of 
making the World's Congress acquainted with the work of the Union is 
to send them extracts from the report of 1909 published in the April 
number of the Monde Silencieux, the official organ of the National Union. 

That vast group of thirteen local societies has accomplished the fol- 
lowing : 

An insurance fund to pay indemnities for sickness. 

A newspaper for deaf-mutes. 

The Union is now dealing with the questions of providing death in- 
demnity, of a pension fund and various other questions. 

The total membership of the Union amounts to 1560. 

The fund of the affiliated societies amounts to 193,790 francs, 90 cen- 
times ($38,750). 

The number of the delegates to the general meetings of the Union 
is 147. 

The Union holds a fund of 6203 francs 36 centimes, divided as follows : 

National Union, general funds fr. 1681.50 

Reinsurance fund fr. 4354.86 

Out-of-Work fund fr. 167.00 



List of the Societies Composing the National Union of the Deaf-Mute Societies 

December 31, 1909 



o 





Dates 


a 
a 

3 

s 
a 

•s 

K 


EFFECTIVE FORCE 


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V 


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a 
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a 

m 

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a 






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°1 
bo 
u 
O 


Of 

Admission 
into the 
Union 


h 

o <u 


Participating Members 


3 




TITLE OF THE SOCIETY 


a 


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to 

'£ 

a 

ft. 


a 

a 

3 
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« 
« 



Fraternal Association of the Deaf, Normandy and 
Picardy District. President, Edmond Pilet 


Feb, 22, 1893 
Feb. 15,1894 
Aug. 31, 1899 
Apr. 16, 1898 
Oct. 9, 1902 
Apr. 3, 1902 
Feb. 9, 1903 
Apr. 14,1904 
Mar. 27, 1904 

1903 

Oct. 10, 1906 
Sept., 1908 


1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1904 
1904 
1904 
1905 
1905 
1907 
1909 




102 
263 
2 
40 
44 
14 
22 
56 
37 
34 
1 
12 


95 
96 
30 
35 
67 
17 
15 
138 
16 
31 
20 
32 


26 

57 

8 

20 

48 

11 

10 

22 

8 

6 

3 

10 






223 

416 
57 
95 

194 
42 
47 

216 
62 
71 
24 
54 


f 27,083 56 
16,783 68 
1,350 57 
3,593 26 
3,448 22 
1,170 13 


f 14.132 06 

74,300 79 

2,470 34 

15,221 95 

3,923 10 

2,968 71 

5,328 59 

7,579 49 

6,772 25 

4,034 65 

978 11 

540 26 


2 




Amical Association of the Deaf, Champagne. 
President, Smile Mercier 






Amical Union of the Deaf, Limousin District. 


17 




o 


Amical Association of the Deaf, Seine, Seine-et- 




W 
« 


Philanthropical Union of the Deaf, Lyons and 




35 




Society for Mutual Relief of the Deaf, Haute 


Toulouse... 




3 


Society of the Burgundy Deaf. President, T, 






> 


Amical Association of the North and Pas-de-Calais 
Departments for the Deaf. President, G. Pagnier 


Lille 






1,000 00 
282 18 





Amical Association of the Deaf, Alpes-Mari times. 


Cannes 

Chartres ... 
Bordeaux... 
Guingamp 




l 


Chartres and District Society for Mutual Relief of 
the Deaf, President, C. Gaspard 






Bordeaux and District Association of the Deaf. 










Fraternal Association of the Deaf of Brittany. 






829 00 


















627 


592 


229 


52 


1 


1501 


55,540 60 


138,250 30 





AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 51 

The profits of the Union since its organization in 1903, as published 
in the July number of the Monde Silencieux, are as follows : 

Sums distributed to the affiliated societies fr. 861.90 

Sums paid out of the Reinsurance fund fr. 2162.20 

Sums paid out of Out-of-Work fund fr. 433.20 

The chair of the Union is held by M. Stephane Prosper, of Reims; 
Mme. Hennequin, Duquenne, Genis, vice-presidents; Emile Merrier, treas- 
urer; G. Ratton, vice-treasurer; P. de Baudicour, secretary; Ed. Pilet, 
assistant secretary; Mme. Dusuzeau, Dauriat, Hirsch, Drouin, trustees. 

Mme. Raoul Cagny and Edmond Pilet are our official managers for 
the Monde Silencieux, the quarterly organ of the Union, the subscription 
price to which is one franc yearly (one franc fifty centimes to foreign 
countries) . 

The trustees of the National Union desire to give in full the list of 
the societies composing the National Union of the Deaf-Mute Societies. 

At the general meeting of the National Union last May, the "Mutuelle 
Poitevine des Sourds-Muets de Poitiers et de la region," established last 
year, was admitted into the Union. 

We now beg to state that we have tried to confine ourselves to a 
brief report of the work of our Union. We hope you will acknowledge 
the efforts we have made. It is true that there is still much to be done, 
but we shall not stop half way. We are pleased to say that the National 
Union would be very glad to be connected with the National Association 
of the Deaf, in order to increase the means of doing more for the welfare 
of our deaf brethren. We therefore request the President of the National 
Association to have the kindness to send all kinds of literature and pub- 
lications of interest to our Federation to our headquarters, 93 Boulevard 
Gouviron Saint Cyr, Paris, 17eme, France, care of M. Stephane Prosper, 
president. It will be the greatest pleasure for us to do the same in 
return. 

In conclusion, we beg the chairman to convey to all members of the 
National Association of the Deaf our best wishes for the success and 
welfare of the World's Congress, and hope that good results will be the 
reward of your united and generous efforts. 



DEBATE ON A NATIONAL HOME VERSUS 

STATE HOMES FOR THE AGED 

AND INFIRM 



CONDENSED ARGUMENT FOR A NATIONAL HOME 

BY GEORGE W. VEDITZ 

The American deaf are comparatively few in number, not exceeding' 
75,000. Of this total, the really indigent aged and helpless are less than 
one per cent. One-half of one per cent, would perhaps be nearer the 
mark, or say, 375. 

All these could be comfortably housed in one home, with separate 
buildings for the sexes, or separate accommodations for married couples. 



52 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Such a home would need but one superintendent, but one head matron 
with several assistants, but one physician, and the comforts of the in- 
mates could be augmented in many ways, as the expenses of administra- 
tion, of up-keep and insurance, being reduced to a minimum, there would 
be a greater surplus for other purposes. 

In additoin, many aged and helpless deaf living in states whose deaf 
are too few numerically to maintain a state home, could find shelter in 
such a home. As it is now, only the populous and wealthy states are in 
a position to maintain state homes, and even in these homes, the number of 
inmates is very small. 

It is the tendency of all our great organizations among the hearing 
to maintain national instead of state homes. The International Typo- 
graphical Union, the Modern Woodmen, the Elks, the Odd Fellows, all 
have their national homes in preference to state homes. The Woodmen 
number over 1,200,000 adult members, with thousands in each state, and 
with wide-awake lodges in each community, but even they find the cost 
of separate state homes prohibitive, and concentrate their resources upon 
their one national home, making it many times more elaborate, effective, 
comfortable and really a home. If these large and wealthy organizations, 
each embracing many times more adults than are represented among the 
deaf, find a central national home advisable, the same might apply with 
greater force to the deaf. 

The national home might be established at some central point — 
Chicago, St. Louis, Omaha or Indianapolis — and might be placed under the 
control of the National Association of the Deaf. It would go far toward 
uniting the deaf of the entire country, each state having representation 
on the governing board, either appointive or elective, by the several State 
Associations. 

Already existing homes might sell their property, invest the pro- 
ceeds and use the income to send their aged and indigent to the national 
home. More could be thus benefited than is possible under the present 
arrangement. The idea is not to lessen expense so much as to extend 
the scope and area of benefits, and to give a tangible bond of union 
to the deaf of the several states. 



STATE HOMES VERSUS A NATIONAL HOME 

BV GEORGE M. TEEGARDEN, EDGEW0OD PARK, PA. 

(Condensed) 

There are social, economical, and political reasons why State homes 
for the aged and infirm deaf are preferable to a national home, viz: 

Social: In a national home, the inmates would largely be strangers 
to one another. This would be a source of discontent among elderly and 
helpless people. Harmony would not reign. Cliques and favoritism would 
develop. Commonwealth pride desires to look out for its own unfortu- 
nates, and State homes are the result. 

Economical: Transportation costs and tedious journeys from distant 
points to a national home argue against it. National support would be 
uncertain, and would be unequally distributed. A heavy endowment would 
be necessary. 

Political: A national home would be the plaything of politics. The 
deaf have wasted much time in acrimonious argument on matters of no 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 53 

great moment. A national home would further engender political strife 
and widen existing chasms. The governing influence would be constantly 
changing, endangering the efficiency of the home. 

The larger States can easily provide homes. The smaller can more 
economically keep their dependents in the homes of neighboring States. 
In some States there is no sentiment in favor of a home. 



Mr. F. P. Gibson, of Illinois, read his paper on "The Deaf in Benevo- 
lent Assurance Associations," in a debate on Deaf Organizations versus 
Hearing Organizations. 

ASSOCIATIONS OF THE DEAF VERSUS AS- 
SOCIATIONS OF THE HEARING 



THE DEAF IN BENEVOLENT ASSURANCE ORGANIZATIONS 

BY FRANCIS P. GIBSON, CHICAGO, ILL. 

(Condensed) 

(See the Southern Optimist, Atlanta, Ga., September IS, 1910, for full 

paper.) 

Ninety-five per cent, of hearing fraternal societies class the deaf as 
"undesirable" or "hazardous" risks. 

For this and other reasons the National Fraternal Society of the 
Deaf was organized. Chartered by the State of Illinois, it has twenty- 
seven branch lodges and over one thousand members ; is conducted under 
the insurance department supervision of six States; is recognized by 
four more, and is seeking authorization in others. It operates on the 
National Fraternal Congress rate table. 

The deaf should not bury their identity in fraternal organizations 
for the hearing, when they have an organization of their own able to 
give all that can be desired. 

If the deaf will push their organization it will in time reach tha 
standing and strength of about fifty per cent, of the fraternal societies 
now operating, which have a membership of ten thousand or less. 

The N. F. S. D. has shown that it can manage its own affairs. Many 
mistaken impressions have been removed and opposition broken down. 

"Carry all the life insurance your circumstances will allow, but let 
your own association have first call, and the only call where you can 
afford membership in but one." 

The deaf do not fit in hearing organizations. They are not on a 
par with their associates. Therefore, to fit in and be on a par with 
others, organizations for the deaf solve, for them, the benevolent as- 
surance question. 



Rev. E. C. Wyand, of Massachusetts, down on the program to argue 
in favor of hearing organizations, was not present, but sent in his paper. 



54 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 



THE DEAF IN HEARING ORGANIZATIONS 

BY REV. E. CLAYTON WYAND, BOSTON, MASS. 

(Condensed) 

A fraternity member, when asked his opinion regarding another order, 
invariably replies "good," and nothing more nor less. So when you ask 
my opinion of the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, I reply, 
"Good." 

Every society has its own mission. A man joins an order for some 
purpose, or advantage. One order may serve this purpose, another not. 
A deaf man joining an order for social purposes should select a deaf 
order; if for mutual aid from others, he should join a regular hearing 
order. 

"One deaf man in a hearing fraternity will do more toward dissolv- 
ing the barrier of prejudice than a whole lodge of the deaf. My own 
experience compels me to think that our restoration to society depends 
on our getting recognition through hearing fraternities." 

I have found that my membership in the Knights of Pythias has been 
of help in everyday affairs. Church members and others have shown lack 
of interest and willingness to help, even in simple matters, but never a 
brother Knight, no difference where I may be. Wherever I go, I am 
sure to meet a Knight, willing to do for me what my own blood relatives 
would do. I have had experience after experience demonstrate this 
fact. 

A deaf man joining a hearing order for the pleasure derived from 
its regular meetings will of course be disappointed. He will understand 
nothing that is said. But it is not the meetings that make membership 
desirable. They are the same routine business forever. I have a brother 
in the Knights of Pythias for twenty years, in good standing today, who 
has not attended a meeting for eighteen years. 

We should have our own societies for mutual help, but our onward 
and upward progress and welfare depend on our getting as close to 
hearing people as possible. 

"The nearer the line between the deaf and the hearing is obliterated, 
the nearer the prejudice is wiped out." 

I am a Knight of Pythias ; hold insurance in two leading companies ; 
""j a , men } ber of the Evangelical Alliance, Maryland Historical Society 
and the National Education Association, all hearing organizations 

On the other side, I am a member of the N. A D • G C A A • 

N A G »^-k K - G>; M - A - D - ; B - S " D - honorary member G. S. M. D.', 
and M. M. D. 

I at present occupy the chair in the B. W. S. Genealogical Society, 
and have presided at a reunion attended by several hundred persons 

A deaf man can hold membership in hearing organizations with trrear 

asTme^W JW* "* ^ "S* without impairing h"! SfJESJ 
as a member of deaf organizations. 



Mr. T. H. d'Estreixa, of California, in reply to Mr. Gibson, said: 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 55 

DEAF SOCIETIES WITHIN HEARING ORGANIZATIONS 

BY THEOPHILUS H. d'ESTRELLA, BERKELEY, CAL. 

(Condensed) 

"Deafness is an accident. Because we cannot hear, are we to go 
away and shun the hearing?" 

The fraternal society helps the hearing people to become better ac- 
quainted with the deaf. It forms a bridge between the two classes. 

Imagine a hearing fraternal with 100,000 members, with deaf lodges 
affiliated. If each member talks to ten friends, 1,000,000 people will have 
begun to appreciate the deaf at their real worth. Then, these 100,000 
members may also be members of several other f raternals. Thus correct 
knowledge concerning the deaf spreads. 

If a fraternal is joined for the business benefits accruing, the hearing 
fraternal is far better than a deaf order, from the standpoint of numerical 
strength alone. 

The deaf need powerful friends. When they join a hearing fraternal, 
the members must regard them as brothers and sisters, and protect their 
interests, educational, industrial and political. A great hearing order is a 
mighty political factor. 

The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf is listed in the handbook 
of American fraternal orders side by side with hearing fraternals. It is 
a member of the National Congress of Fraternal Societies. It finds 
it necessary to use the table of rates established by the National Fra- 
ternal Congress. Why, then, should the deaf be asked to join the 
National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, rather than a lodge of the deaf 
within a hearing order? 

By affiliating with hearing orders, the deaf kill prejudice, do better 
in business, command political influence, have fewer responsibilities, more 
protection, and are much more comfortable. 



Mr. J. F. Meagher, of Kentucky: I move that each speaker in this 
discussion be limited to five minutes. Mr. W. I. Tilton, of Illinois, sec- 
onding, motion passed. 

Mr. W. I. Tilton : This discussion must prove to be a very inter- 
esting one. There is ample room for both sides — lodges for the deaf 
only, and lodges for deaf persons joining lodges of the hearing. In 
Jacksonville, Illinois, deaf members are on equal terms with the hearing 
in the Mutual Protective League. There are three lodges, and forty 
deaf persons are enrolled in one of them. There have been deaf officers 
in the lodge, which is evidence that speaks well for the great confidence 
the hearing members have in us. The hearing learn to know the deaf 
better. When deaf delegates are sent to the grand lodge meetings, the 
deaf as such are brought to the notice of the hearing people, and this 
surely is of the greatest benefit to the deaf. Nevertheless, the deaf can 
join one or the other. Yet, the deaf segregated by themselves are weak 
and go unnoticed, while those mingling with the hearing organizations are 



56 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

strong and call general attention to the deaf. I am here, however, only to 
show that the aforesaid league opens its doors to the deaf on equal 
terms with the hearing. 

Mr. A. L. Pach, of New York : I read a paper on the subject at the 
Norfolk Convention, and so have not much to repeat or add. Mr. Gibson 
has discussed the insurance problem at length. He is in it, and so 
knows what he says. Now, is marriage a failure? No unmarried man 
can discuss it. Only the Elks can speak for their own lodge. Like- 
wise only the members of the National Fraternal Association for the 
Deaf can speak for their lodge. I am a member of both, and all my 
experience proves that the deaf are far better off in a lodge of their 
own. 

The President called Vice-President Michaels to take the chair. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz: Two months ago there was in Everybody's 
Magazine an article — a valuable one — on "Will Your Widow Get Her 
Money?" It offers no criticism on fraternal spirit; it declares that 
spirit to be a noble thing. Its only warning is to question the financial 
strength or ability of a lodge to pay the widow the insurance money. In 
a lodge one often expects to get something for nothing. Records show 
that within the past forty years three thousand five hundred lodges have 
existed whose average life is fifteen years. Three thousand of them 
have disbanded or broken up. This magazine article, before being pub- 
lished, had been submitted to prominent men versed in fraternal work, 
and all generally had admitted that the article was based upon facts. 
Then, is the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf safe? How, then, 
can we strengthen it? (Time limit being up, Mr. Veditz was allowed by 
a unanimous vote to continue his remarks.) Only by every deaf 
man in this country joining it. There are many good things in hearing 
fraternal societies as well as in deaf fraternal organizations. But the 
question will always continue to be asked, "Will the Widow Get Her 
Money?" It is a problem we must meet frankly. 

The President resumed the chair. 

Mr. F. P. Gibson: I have read this article. Mr. Veditz speaks on 
one side and I on the other. My answer is based on what I have since 
read in the fraternal insurance journals. The article in Everybody's 
Magazine, it has been claimed, was written by a man in the pay of an 
"old line" insurance concern. 

The question, "Will my widow receive her money?" can be, and is 
here answered with a "Yes," if we rely on several cases within the 
National Fraternal Society of the Deaf's history. 

Because of an inadequate rate those lodges have broken down. There 
is now a standard national fraternal rate, and also better State laws and 
supervision. Sick and local benefits are taken care of by local lodges. 
Everything insures permanence and our widows will get their money. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 57 

We had to take the new rates from the hearing because they are fixed 
standards for all lodges. The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf 
is like the National Association of the Deaf— a gathering of the deaf. 
It works only on a different line. There exist no objections to deaf 
men going into hearing lodges. I have not known of the lodge of Mr. 
d'Estrella's, the Order of Americans. The official book on fraternal 
societies does not mention its name. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt, of South Dakota: I am a new member of the 
organization, and this is the first time I have had an opportunity to ad- 
dress you or discuss matters before you as a body. I wish to make a few 
remarks on Mr. Gibson's paper. I agree with what Mr. Veditz says: 
"The deaf in most cases expect too much; they want something for 
nothing." In life insurance this is almost impossible. The only way to 
beat a life insurance company is to die. The deaf must learn to stand 
together and be loyal at all times. Have faith. All things being equal, 
they should patronize the deaf who are in business in preference to their 
hearing brothers. This includes life insurance as well as any other line 
of business. I carry some insurance in an old line company and was 
thinking of joining the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, but con- 
fess I was led into the dark by some of my own people. I am glad to 
state to you today that I have been led into the light again, and that 
since coming to Colorado Springs I have found that the National Frater- 
nal Society of the Deaf contains the cream of the deaf world and before 
another month I hope to become a member of the National Fraternal 
Society of the Deaf. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud, of Missouri: The deaf tend to join and associate 
with the deaf. There may be deaf members in a separate lodge, though 
enrolled with a larger hearing lodge, like Gallaudet Assembly No. 1, 
of the Order of Americans of California. Even in church the deaf go to 
the hearing, but as soon as they are numerous enough, they separate and 
organize themselves into a separate body. The National Fraternal Society 
of the Deaf is doing practically the same thing. We do not wish to hold 
on to another's coat. We would manage our concerns ourselves. Our 
National Fraternal Society of the Deaf is equal in essential respects 
to any hearing lodge. We are not secondary to the hearing, but separate 
from them. The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf is one large, 
strong fraternal organization of, for, and by the deaf. 

Mr. W. Glover, of South Carolina: I move that the debate be 
closed. 

The motion, after being duly seconded by Mr. J. C. Winemiller, of 
Colorado, was put before the assembly and carried. 

Mr. J. S. Long, of Iowa, Chairman of the Enrollment Committee, 
read the following report: 



58 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

ENROLLMENT COMMITTEE'S REPORT 

At the end of June there were seventy-five names on the list of 
members. Later twenty more joined or paid up back dues, making ninety- 
five. 

At the Convention two hundred and fifty new names were added, 
making a total of three hundred forty-five. 

I tried to look up the records and get a list of charter members, but 
there is no record previous to 1883 in my books. 

J. S. Long, Treasurer. 

Secretary's Note: Later revisions and additions bring the total 
membership to three hundred sixty-six. The list is reproduced in the 
Appendix. 

The President: It is a great pleasure to see at this Congress five 
charter members who attended the first Convention of the National As- 
sociation at Cincinnati in the year 1880. They are Mr. E. A. Hodgson, 
Dr. T. F. Fox, Mr. R. P. MacGregor, Mr. A. B. Greener and Mr. S. M. 
Freeman. Such men who have taken an active interest in the welfare of 
the deaf for thirty years are deserving of our gratitude and, in my opinion, 
should be made life members. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: As a fitting example and as due encouragement 
to rising generations, and in appreciation of their loyalty to and con- 
tinued membership with the National Association of the Deaf, and thus in 
fulfillment of the injunction to give honor to whom honor is due, I move 
that all charter members who are and have always been members in good 
standing of the Association be made life members and be exempted from 
further payments of dues. 

Mr. A. Schroeder, of Minnesota : I second the motion. 

The motion was passed by a unanimous vote. 

The President: Under the motion just passed, Rev. A. W. Mann, 
Dr. G. T. Dougherty, Dr. T. F. Fox and Mr. E. A. Hodgson are declared 
life members. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I move that the Secretary be instructed to notify 
these gentlemen of the honor conferred upon them. Seconded and passed. 



Treasurer Long submitted his report. 

TREASURER'S REPORT 

(At the request of Mr. Veditz, there is included here Treasurer Mor- 
row's report, which was inadvertently omitted from the published pro- 
ceedings of the Norfolk Convention. In the request, Mr. Veditz writes: 
"We ought to have the financial history of the Association without a 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 59 

hiatus, and I believe this consideration will make the inclusion of this 
report permissible." — Secretary.) 

The following is Mr. Morrow's report from 1904 to 1907, together with 
report of the Auditing Committee approving same. 

S. M. Freeman, Treasurer. 

RECEIPTS 

Before Seventh Convention, balance $ 92.44 

From August 20, 1904, to June 12, 1907, membership fees and dues 

received 645.00 

November 27, 1905, received from Volta Bureau for 100 copies 

proceedings 65.00 

Total receipts .$802.44 

EXPENDITURES 

August 23, 1904, credit to Dr. J. L. Smith, to expenses 

incurred as President $ 12.15 

August 23, 1904, credit to Dr. T. F. Fox, to expenses in- 
curred as Secretary 10.98 

August 25, 1904, to cost of cable message to Dr. E. M. 

Gallaudet 5.38 

August 25, 1904, credit to Olof Hanson, to expenses in- 
curred as Chairman of Committee on Literature 3.90 

August 25, 1904, credit to Warren Robinson, to expenses 
incurred as Chairman of Committee on Industrial 
Status of the Deaf 5.20 

August 25, 1904, credit to Rev. P. J. Hasenstab, to ex- 
penses as Chairman of Committee on Religion and 
Moral Status of the Deaf 3.25 

August 25, 1904, credit to Rev. J. H. Cloud, Chairman 

Local Committee, to badges for N. A. D 24.80 

September 1, 1904, Treasurer's expenses, postage, station- 
ery, etc 4.90 

December 11, 1904, credit to Rev. J. H. Cloud, to Mrs. 
Taylor's and Miss Eddington's membership fees on 
account of hearing 2.00 

December 11, 1904, credit to Rev. J. H. Cloud, to postage, 

stationery, etc 3.25 

May 1, 1905, credit to George L. Porter, to renting of half- 
tone cuts of N. A. D 5.00 

May 1, 1905, credit to George W. Veditz, to stationery, 

postage, etc 5.00 

May 1, 1905, Treasurer's expenses, postage, cards, postal 

fees 1101 

May 6, 1905, credit to Rev. P. J. Hasenstab, to ex- 
penses incurred by the "Combined Method" Committee 
in Chicago 75.00 

June 10, 1905, credit to Phalanx Printing Co., to circular 

letters and envelopes 3.75 

October 1, 1905, credit to Dr. Fox, Secretary Publication 
Committee, to postage, envelopes, freightage, cartage, 
etc 37.90 



60 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

November 17, 1905, credit to Dr. Fox, to additional postage 

for mailing proceedings „ 25.00 

December 8, 1905, credit to G. W. Pangborn, to insurance 

bond for the Treasurer 5.00 

May 3, 1905, credit to Dr. Fox, to postage, account collect- 
ing proceedings, expressage on cuts, printing paper 
for setting copy, postage account proceedings, etc 7.26 

September 8, 1905, credit to T. A. Froehlich, to halftone 

portraits, including retouching 61.16 

September 8, 1905, credit to E. A. Hodgson, to printing 

800 copies, 23 halftones 25.00 

September 8, 1905, credit to Thrash, Lick Printing Co., to 

printing and binding proceedings 382.70 

May 5, 1906, Treasurer's expenses, envelopes, postage, cards, 

and postal fees 13.45 

June 20, 1906, credit to the Gorman Press, to circular 

letters 6.20 

May 10, 1907, Treasurer's expenses, postage stamps, cards, 

and postal fees 10.58 

June 8, 1907, credit to Phalanx Printing Co., to circular 

letters and envelopes 3.35 

June 8, 1907, credit to Warren Robinson, to expenses in- 
curred on Industrial Status of the Deaf 12.72 

$765.89 

June 12, 1907, balance on hand 36.55 

$802.44 $802.44 



Examined by Auditing Committee and found correct as per report to 
June 12, 1907. 

B. R. Allabough, 
J. Schuyler Long, 
E Clayton Wyand, 

Auditing Committee. 



TREASURER'S REPORT TO AUGUST 12, 1910 

(Not including bills paid at Colorado Springs) 

treasurer's expenses 
1907 

August 20 — Record book $ 2 25 

August 20— Rubber stamp 15 

August 27 — Letterheads !ZZ~""Z! 450 

September 13 — Printing and letterheads 015 

May— Postcard receipt books, blanks, etc 8 50 

" Printing 400 notices 2 00 

" Pa P e r ZZZZZ 80 

Postcard receipts 'og 

" Sending notices Z! 542 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 61 

May — Sending receipts v 45 

" April and June postage bills " lag 

1909 ° y 

May — Sending notices 4 41 

" Card index icn 

1910 LM 

January 14 — Notices printed 2.00 

May — Sending notices, etc ""........."" 3.83 $ 47.13 

president's expenses 
1907 

St lS» Cry 70 ° 

July 9 — Stationery 4.80 

November 12— Stationery &00 19.80 



secretary's expenses 

Badges at Norfolk $ 12.10 

Postage on reports 2o!lO 32.20 



PUBLICITY BUREAU 



Paid to Olof Hanson on order $ 50.10 

Paid Hanson on account postage 3.06 53.16 



MISCELLANEOUS 



Paid bill for Mr. Albert Berg on order $ 3.25 

Paid F. R. Gray, expense account foreign delegates 4.73 

Paid Mrs. Nelson, account endowment work 10.50 

Paid Warren Robinson, account Industrial Bureau 50.00 68.48 



Cablegram to Dr. E. M. Gallaudet 10.80 



Total expenses $231.57 

Balance cash 412.83 



$644.40 



RECEIPTS 

Balance from former Treasurer .$173.40 

Received from fees _ 50.00 

Received from dues 121.00 

Refunded by Chicago committee _ 55.50 

Ninth Convention fees and dues 244.50 $644.40 

J. Schuyler Long, Treasurer. 



62 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

[By request of Mr. Long, below are given the items subsequent to his 
report, showing account of expenses at Colorado Springs. — SBC' Y.J 

RECEIPTS 

1910 

August 13 — Balance brought over $412.83 

Eight membership fees 8.00 

One membership dues 1.50 

Refund from W. Robinson 14.15 

Error in cablegram (should be $10.20) 60 $437.08 

EXPENDITURES 

August 12 — G.W.Veditz, printing superintendents' opinions.$ 25.00 

G. W. Veditz, account expense 50.00 

T. H. Fox, account expense 5.52 

F. R. Gray, account expense 5.90 

E. C. Wyand, account pamphlets 29.75 $116.17 

Balance turned over to Treasurer Freeman $320.91 



Mr. P.Iy. Axling, of Washington: I move that the President appoint 
a committee of three to audit the Treasurer's report. Passed. 

The President : I name Messrs. P. L. Axling, H. G. Long and A. 
Schroeder as the Auditing Committee. I also appoint Mrs. C. L. Jackson 
(chairman), Mrs. O. Hanson, Mr. A. L. Pach, Mrs. F. Mount as a Com- 
mittee on Industrial Exhibit Awards. 

Upon motion of Mr. H. Ford, of Texas, and seconded by Mr. L. M. 
Hunt, the meeting adjourned at 12:10 p. m. to meet at 2:30 p. m. 



Friday Afternoon Session 

AUGUST 12, 1910 



The members were late in arriving at the hall. The meeting was 
called to order at 3:10. Rev. J. W. Michaels invoked divine blessings 
on the gathering. 

Mrs. J. C. Winemiller, of Colorado, gave a beautiful rendition in 
the sign language of "Maryland, My Maryland." 

The President invited Mr. O. H. Regensburg to take the chair while 
he and Vice-President Michaels absented themselves for a session of the 
Executive Committee. Rev. Mr. G. F. Flick took the Secretary's place 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 63 

Prof. P. Hall: I have been requested by Dr. E. M. Gallaudet to 
announce that a second edition of his book on "The Life of Thomas 
Hopkins Gallaudet" has been issued. The edition is limited to five hun- 
dred to accommodate those who were unable to secure a copy of the first 
edition. The price is $1.75. Those wishing a copy should write to the 
publishers, Henry Holt & Co., Twenty-third Street, New York City. 



In the absence of Mr. W. Robinson, Chairman of the Industrial Bu- 
reau, Mr. P. L. Axling presented the report. 

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS 

(Condensed) 

The application made to the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D. 
C, for $100 to aid in carrying on the work of this Bureau for two years 
was refused. The absence of money has retarded the work of the Bureau. 
The collection of exhibits for the present Congress was made entirely by 
correspondence and advertising in school papers. Circulars were sent to 
influential people, and acknowledgment is made to them and to the papers 
for aid rendered. 

The exhibit was so thoroughly advertised that there probably was not 
an intelligent deaf person in the country who was not aware such an 
exhibit would be held. 

This being the first exhibit of the kind, the difficulties in arranging it 
were many, and allowance is asked on that account for any defects or 
shortcomings. Many would-be exhibitors had the idea that their exhibits 
would not be returned. "One wanted the personal note of the director as 
a guarantee that his exhibit would be returned. Another was afraid the 
committee would smoke his cigars," etc., etc. 

The financial report of the exhibit has been sent to the N. A. D. 
Treasurer. 

The exhibit should be given wide publicity. It will educate the 
hearing public concerning the ability of the deaf. 

Mr. Robinson, after serving twelve years as Chairman of the Indus- 
trial Bureau, tenders his resignation. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Warren Robinson, Director, Delavan, Wis. 
Alex. L. Pach, New York, N. Y. 
Phil L. Axling, Spokane, Wash. 
Ferd Harrison, Washington, D. C. 
Oscar H. Regensburg, Venice, Cal. 
George Wm. Veditz, Colorado Springs, Colo., 
President National Association of the Deaf. 



Second; Vice-President Pach, appearing at this moment in the hall, 
was called to the chair, while Mr. Regensburg resumed his place as Secre- 
tary. 



64 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I wish to offer a few ideas as to how to improve 
the work of the Industrial Bureau. The report required hard work on 
Mr. Robinson's part. He was working for a good cause, though he met 
with many obstacles. I am not surprised that he should come across 
these obstacles. No man can succeed well under such difficulties. It 
was too big a work for one man, even with unlimited zeal and endurance. 

But how can the N. A. D. help the work along? It remains for the 
State Associations to help, and they can do so by co-operating with the 
N. A. D. The State Associations, federating together in the matter of 
industrial success, could do excellent work. The Minnesota Association 
of over three hundred members is about to make a practical effort in 
this direction. Every year Minnesota conducts a State fair, at which 
thousands of hearing people gather from all parts of the State to see 
various exhibits. The Minnesota Association has decided to hold an 
exhibit of its own there and to secure a booth therefor. Its committee 
will gather articles and exhibit them and distribute pamphlets of informa- 
tion concerning the deaf. In a pamphlet we shall show why we must keep 
the sign language. We shall publish alphabet cards for distribution. 
Proper persons will be chosen to explain the exhibit. That is how we can 
reach the public. The Minnesota exhibit may then go to the Industrial 
Exhibit of the National Association of the Deaf. 

State Associations might come to some agreement with the commis- 
sioners of their State fairs, and be given some space for their exhibits. 
Booklets, alphabet cards, etc., might also be distributed. That is practical. 

The Secretary might write to the State Associations upon the subject. 
Some kind of a union is what we want in order to make our industrial 
work an assured success. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt : My friend from South Dakota's sister State on the 
east speaks of what a large membership his home Association has. I 
find that only about five per cent, of that membership is in attendance at 
this Convention, while my home State with only one-fourth the membership 
has thirty-three and one-third per cent, of its members here. We also 
have an exhibit in the industrial section, of which I am proud. In fact 
it is equal to or better than that of any other State. We came here to 
show, but I am not fully satisfied with the exhibit or its location. It 
should have been advertised in the press of the city and a room in the 
heart of the city secured where it could have been easily reached by the 
public. This exhibit, however, is a pioneer effort in its line and is a 
very creditable one. Let us all put our shoulders to the wheel and try 
to do better in 1913. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: I move that the report of the Industrial 
Bureau be adopted. Seconded by Mr. Charles Loucks, of South Dakota, 
and passed. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 65 

Mr. O. Hanson, Chairman of the Bureau of Publicity, gave his 
report. 

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY 

To Mr. Geo. W. Vedits, President National Association of the Deaf: 

In August of last year fifty dollars was received from the Treasurer 
of the N. A. D. With this money three circulars have been printed viz • 
No. 2, entitled "The Deaf and Their Education;" No. 3, entitled ' "The 
Sign Language and Pure Oralism;" and No. 4, entitled "Superintendents 
Defend the Sign Language." Copies are submitted herewith. 

Last spring the Boston Society of the Deaf, mainly through the ef- 
forts of Rev. Mr. Wyand, published a leaflet, entitled "Some Candid 
Opinions About the Sign Language," and the Bureau contributed $10.50 
toward the expenses of this publication. 

Five hundred copies of circular No. 2, and one thousand copies of each 
of Nos. 3 and 4 were printed. About one thousand of the circulars and 
two hundred of the leaflets have been distributed by the Bureau, leaving 
about fifteen hundred circulars and one hundred leaflets for future use. 
Most of the circulars have been sent to superintendents, to oral teachers, 
and to parents who have taken an active interest in supporting oral work. 

On account of the limited amount at our disposal, only a small be- 
ginning has been made. It is to be hoped that additional means may be 
provided in the future, so that all who favor the oral method may be 
informed as to the true condition of affairs as it appears from the 
standpoint of the educated and intelligent deaf. 

Last winter the Rome, N. Y., Register published considerable discus- 
sion pro and con anent the oral method and the sign language, in which 
our President took a leading part, and the Director of the Bureau also 
assisted. As the superintendent of the Rome school is a pronounced 
oralist, our literature should be brought to the attention of the parents 
of pupils in this school. 

During the past few months a number of popular magazines have 
published well written articles which extol the oral method. One, entitled 
"Training Deaf Children to Speak," by Christine Terhune Herrick, ap- 
peared in the Woman's Home Companion for March. Another, entitled 
"What to Do About the Deaf Child," by Haryot Holt Dey, was published 
in the New Idea Woman's Magazine for May. A third, entitled "Seeing 
Sounds," by Mr. Sanborn, appeared in the Delineator for July. Evidently 
these articles are the results of a plan by the oralists, which was dis- 
cussed in the Association Review last fall, to influence the public through 
the popular magazines. Brief replies have been sent to the first two men- 
tioned publications, but up to this writing nothing has been heard from 
them. In reply to an inquiry the editor of the Delineator writes, "We 
would be glad to consider an article in reply to the one written by Mr. 
Sanborn, reserving, of course, the privilege of rejection if it is not 
suitable to our needs. Theodore Dreiser, editor." Some action should be 
taken by the Association to counteract this move by the oralists. 

The following publications have been sent gratis to the Director, for 
which acknowledgment is hereby made: The Ohio Chronicle, the Min- 
nesota Companion, the Maryland Bulletin, the Washingtonian, the Oregon 
Outlook, the Kentucky Standard, and occasional issues of the North Da- 
kota Banner, the Kansas Star, the Hawkeye, the Oklahoman, and the 
Mirror. 



66 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Below is a statement of receipts and expenditures by the Bureau : 

RECEIPTS 

By cash from Treasurer of the N. A. D $50.00 

By sale of leaflets 1.00 

$51.00 

EXPENSES 

To printing circulars Nos. 2, 3 and 4 $22.50 

To 300 copies Boston leaflet 10.50 

To printing circular letter, envelopes, etc 6.75 

To postage, stationery and mailing 11.25 

$51.00 
Respectfully submitted, 

Olof Hanson, Director, 
Amos G. Draper, 
John C. Winemiller, 
Margaret J. Syle, 

Members of Bureau. 
Seattle, Wash., July 12, 1910. 



Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: Dr. Dobyns has a suggestion of considerable 
importance which he desires to submit to the Association before he leaves 
the meeting. I move that the discussion of the report of the Publicity 
Bureau be suspended and Dr. Dobyns invited to have the floor. Seconded 
and passed. 

Dr. Dobyns: I have talked with several of your leading members 
upon the subject of a fraternal delegate appointed to represent your As- 
sociation at the convention of the American Association of Teachers of 
the Deaf at Delavan, Wisconsin, next summer. The idea was favorably 
received. Before the President, Dr. E. M. Gallaudet, sailed for Europe, 
he wrote me directing me, as Vice-President, to do some good thing 
while here for the Teachers' Convention. I am assured that he would 
agree with me in this matter of a fraternal delegate. He always does 
good things for the deaf. This innovation would certainly add much 
weight and dignity to the convention. The convention would cordially 
welcome your fraternal delegate. Therefore, I make this suggestion to you. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab : The idea of a fraternal delegate was brought 
up at an informal conference with Dr. Dobyns, to which he had invited 
several for discussing some points on the program he had in his mind for 
the coming Teachers' Convention. It is often the practice of church 
conferences or conventions to exchange and receive fraternal delegates. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 67 

It would bring the Association closer to the Teachers' Convention and 
strengthen the ties of fellowship and co-operation should we send a 
fraternal delegate to the convention. I move that the President elected 
at this Convention appoint three delegates to represent the Association at 
Delavan, Wisconsin, next summer. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. H. R. Smoak, of South Carolina. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt: I wish to amend the motion so as to insert "Not 
more than one of whom shall be a teacher." I believe it wise not to have 
more than one of the teaching profession in this delegation. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I wish to further amend the motion by recom- 
mending to the Executive Committee that, if in a position to do so, the 
Association pay the fraternal delegates' expenses. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: I accept both amendments. 

The motion thus amended was passed. 

Mr. A. Wright, of Washington : I move that the report of the 
Publicity Bureau be adopted, to include a vote of thanks to Mr. Hanson. 
Seconded by Mr. C. Loucks and passed. 



Mr. G. W. Veditz, as Chairman of the Executive Committee, read the 
report, beginning by saying that the committee had three different things 
to look after. 

REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

One of the first acts of the committee was to accept the invitation 
of the city of Colorado Springs to hold the 1910 Convention there, this 
action being in accordance with the instructions given by the Association 
at the Norfolk Convention. The committee further designated the Con- 
vention as a World's Congress of the Deaf and authorized the issuance 
of invitations to the deaf of the civilized world. 

It further authorized the President and Secretary to arrange for the 
printing of the Norfolk proceedings, and voted twenty dollars to defray 
postage for mailing the proceedings when published, the actual cost of 
printing being covered by the Local Committee out of the surplus left 
in its hands. The sum of twelve dollars was refunded the Local Com- 
mittee for badges purchased for the Convention. 

The sum of fifty dollars was voted for the Bureau of Publicity, and 
twenty-five dollars for the Industrial Bureau, which was later augmented 
by fifty dollars to cover the preliminary work of arranging for an indus- 
trial exhibit at the Colorado Springs Congress. 

Appropriations to pay necessary bills for postage, printing and station- 
ery incurred by the several officers and committees were authorized from 
time to time. 

Fifty dollars was voted to send Mr. Gray and Dr. Brashear to New 
York for the purpose of meeting Mr. Carnegie, but the trip was not 
made and the money was not asked for. 



68 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

A petty expense fund, subject to the order of the President, was 
established, and out of this the expenses of Mrs. Nelson as member of the 
Endowment Committee, and a number of small miscellaneous bills were 
paid. 

The appointment of Mr. Regensburg to serve as Chairman and 
Treasurer of the Moving Picture Fund Committee was approved, and the 
Committee of State Treasurers recognized as a special committee of the 
Association, said committee to act in the name of the Association and 
the fund to be an asset of the Association. 

The bond of the Treasurer was fixed at two hundred dollars, Super- 
intendent Rothert going surety to that amount without expense to the 
Association. 

The sum of twenty-five dollars was allowed to print three hundred 
copies of the correspondence of the Chairman with the Superintendents 
and others interested in deaf-mute education concerning certain resolu- 
tions as to the sign language and methods of instruction as adopted at the 
St. Louis and Norfolk Conventions. These pamphlets were to be dis- 
tributed at the Colorado Springs Congress. 

Respectfully submitted, 

George Wm. Veditz, Chairman, 

John W. Michaels, 

Wm. C. Ritter, 

J. S. Long, 

Thomas F. Fox, 

James L. Smith, 

N. Field Morrow, 

B. R. Allabough, 

Ezra C. Wyand. 



Mr H. D. Drake, of Ohio: Mr. Veditz has been going after big 
game. I prefer to go after small game. I should rather go after the 
deaf themselves. There are over fifty thousand deaf people in the coun- 
try. Let us go after them all, and a dollar from each will bring fifty thou- 
sand dollars into the treasury. In two or three years we shall have 
the desired amount of five hundred thousand dollars. This would be a 
quicker means to the end, while going after big game would be doubtful 
as to its results. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud: I move that the report of the Executive Com- 
mittee be accepted. Seconded by Mr. H. R. Smoak. 

Rev. J. M. Koehler: I amend the motion by adding "with thanks." 
The motion thus amended was passed. 



Mr. G. W. Veditz read the report of the Committee on Eugenics, in 
the absence of its Chairman, Dr. J. L. Smith. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 69 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIA- 
TION OF THE DEAF TO CONFER WITH THE COM- 
MITTEE ON EUGENICS RELATIVE TO PROPOSED 
LEGISLATIVE INTERFERENCE WITH THE 
MARRIAGE OF THE DEAF 

Mr. G. W. Veditz, President National Association of the Deaf, Colorado 
Springs, Colo. 

Dear Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith the report of the 
Committee of which I am Chairman : 

Acting upon your instructions, in conjunction with my colleague, 
Mr. Albert Berg, I addressed a communication to Dr. A. G. Bell as 
Chairman of the Committee on Eugenics. A reply soon after received 
from Dr. Bell informed me that he was not the Chairman of the com- 
mittee, though a member, and in closing his letter, he said, regarding the 
subject-matter of the communication: "In order that you may know my 
attitude towards the subject of your communication, I may say that I 
have always deprecated legislative interference with the marriages of the 
deaf." 

Dr. Bell informed me that the Chairman of the Committee on Eu- 
genics was Dr. David Starr Jordan, of Leland Stanford University, Cali- 
fornia. I accordingly addressed to Dr. Jordan the following com- 
munication : 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, Chairman Committee on Eugenics, Leland Stan- 
ford University, California. 

Dear Sir: Some time ago the press dispatches stated that the Com- 
mittee of which you are Chairman had decided to propose legislation for- 
bidding the intermarriage of the deaf along with that of certain other 
classes. 

This report has aroused intense feeling among the deaf as a class. 
At the Convention of the National Association of the Deaf, held at 
Norfolk last July, a committee was appointed to confer with your com- 
mittee in the matter. As Chairman of that committee, I should like to 
know, before proceeding further, if the press report is true, and if the 
Committee on Eugenics has taken, or intends to take, any action looking 
to the inclusion of the deaf among undesirable classes whom it is proposed 
to bar from matrimonial alliances. 

Yours respectfully, 

J. L. Smith. 

Faribault, Minn, January 25, 1908. 

The following replies were received in due time : 

Stanford University, Cal., January 29, 1908. 

Mr. J. L. Smith, Faribault, Minn. 

Dear Sir: The Committee on Eugenics has not recommended and 
has never thought of recommending the prohibition of the intermarriage 
of the deaf. If deafness has been caused by accident or disease it is not 
in any degree inheritable. For people born absolutely deaf there is the 



70 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

likelihood of its having an hereditary tendency, but this is a matter in 
which the people interested are concerned, and not a subject, I think, for 
statute. 

I had never heard of the matter to which you refer until Mr. Alex- 
ander G. Bell, one of the committee, wrote that he had received letters 
criticizing him for making such a proposition. Neither he, nor I, nor any 
member of the Committee on Eugenics is responsible for it. I am told 
that the idea originated with some committee on charities. 

Very truly yours, 

David Starr Jordan, President. 

Stanford University, Cal., February 11, 1908. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz, Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

Dear Sir: The report of the Committee on Eugenics was sent some 
time ago to Mr. W. M. Hays of the Bureau of Agriculture at Washington, 
D. C. I presume that he will print it somewhere, but at present I have 
no. copies. The committee of the preceding year, of which, I believe, Mr. 
Bell was Chairman, had no meetings, made no report and did nothing 
of any kind whatsoever. There is, therefore, no foundation for the state- 
ment [regarding the segregation of the deaf. No allusion regarding the 
deaf is contained in the report of the committee of the past year. In 
brief, I have not heard that any person connected with either committee 
had made any such recommendation. As to the rest, it seems to belong 
to the sphere of yellow journalism. 

Very truly yours, 

David Starr Jordan. 

The letter of Dr. Jordan above effectually disposes of the matter so 
far as the Committee on Eugenics is concerned, and the deaf of the coun- 
try have no ground to look for interference with their matrimonial rights. 
I have communicated the results of my correspondence with Dr. 
Bell and Dr. Jordan to all my colleagues on the committee, and have 
advised them that no further action is called for on their part. 

Yours respectfully, 

J. L. Smith, Chairman. 
Faribault, Minn., February 22, 1908. 

Mr. H. R. Smoak: I move that the report be accepted. Seconded 
by Mr. H. Long and passed. 



Mr. G. W. Veditz read the report of the Committee on Civil Service 
forwarded by its Chairman, Rev. E. C. Wyand. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CIVIL SERVICE 

Immediately after receiving our commission from the President, plans 
were formulated to dislodge the Civil Service Rule. 

The first step was to secure statements from heads of Government 
Departments where deaf persons were employed, as to the character of 
the service performed by these deaf persons. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 71 

Quite a number replied and with a single exception the replies were 
most favorable. (Some of these replies were printed in the Deaf 
American.') 

Armed with the desired evidence, arrangements were made by Presi- 
dent Veditz with Dr. Gallaudet to have our committee meet President 
Roosevelt. Dr. Gallaudet arranged for a conference with the President. 
Secretary Garfield was instrumental in securing a promise for the 
audience. 

The President, before giving us a date, took up the matter with the 
Civil Service Commission. He requested us to submit our complaint in 
writing, which was done by President Veditz only after Dr. Gallaudet's 
most persistent efforts to secure a conference. 

The President decided to sustain the action of the Civil Service 
Commission. Nearly a year had elapsed and we were as much at sea as 
ever. As a last recourse, Mr. Veditz decided to make it a national issue 
at the coming Presidential election. He requested statements from candi- 
dates Taft and Bryan as to their views on the Civil Service rules, and as 
to what might be expected of either after he was elected. 

Mr. Taft gave the more favorable promise, and the deaf were asked to 
consider this statement at the polls. 

Mr. Taft was elected and the removal of the barrier assured. But 
just then President Roosevelt, who had been appealed to not only by the 
deaf everywhere, but by eminent statesmen as well, was made acquainted 
with the fact that Mr. Taft would undo what he refused to undo. It 
did not matter at that time whether he acted or not, but he acted. The 
bar fell. 

Upon entering office, President Taft fulfilled his promise. The deaf 
were not only given an equal chance with the hearing, but in one case 
even the preference. The mighty Civil Service fell, and great was its 
fall. As a result, the deaf will henceforth be regarded as a positive 
quantity of the first rank. The credit for this mighty victory belongs to the 
89,000 deaf of America and their legions of justice-loving admirers, headed 
by President Veditz. 

Respectfully submitted, 

E. Clayton Wyand, Chairman, 

Wm. C. Ritter, 

Oliver J. Whildin, 

George Wm. Veditz (ex-officio) 

Committee. 



Mr. F. P. Gibson, of Illinois: I move that the report be accepted 
with thanks. Seconded by Mr. E. Olson, of South Dakota, and passed. 



Mr. L. M. Hunt: We have so much business as yet to be disposed 
of that I move the Convention at 5:15 p. m. take a recess to meet in extra 
session at eight o'clock tonight. Mr. J. Jones, of Georgia, seconded the 
motion. 



72 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz: I move to amend the motion so as to make the 
evening session stand adjourned at 10 p. m. precisely. The Local Com- 
mittee has an entertainment scheduled for that hour. 

The amended motion was accepted and passed. 



Mr. G. W. Veditz, as Chairman of the Endowment Fund Committee, 
gave his report. 

REPORT OF THE ENDOWMENT FUND COMMITTEE 

As originally appointed, this Committee consisted of Messrs. Fox 
of New York, Regensburg of Los Angeles, Allabough of Wilkinsburg, 
Codman of Chicago, and Veditz, Chairman, of Colorado Springs. 

To these were later added Mr. Frank R. Gray, of Allegheny, and 
Dr. John A. Brashear, of the same city, a hearing gentleman who had 
become interested in the Fund through Mr. Gray, and a close personal 
friend of Andrew Carnegie, having served as Chancellor of the Carnegie 
Institute at Pittsburg. At a still later period, Mrs. G. E. M. Nelson, 
of Buffalo, who had volunteered her services, was appointed to the 
Committee. 

The aim from the start was to interest some philanthropist of large 
means. The efforts during the first Veditz administration to secure 
something for the Fund through correspondence had shown the futility 
of attempting to secure results by this means and by any other channel than 
direct personal interviews. 

The batteries of the committee were concentrated upon Mr. Carnegie. 
It had been his custom to visit Pittsburg annually in connection with the 
work of the Carnegie Institute there, and Messrs. Gray and Allabough 
were in constant readiness, with Dr. Brashear ready to secure the 
coveted introduction and to serve as spokesman and interpreter. Un- 
fortunately, Mr. Carnegie departed from his established custom and did 
not visit Pittsburg at all during the winter and spring of 1908-09. Finally 
it was decided to send Mr. Gray and Dr. Brashear to New York, the 
Executive Committee authorizing payment of their expenses, the two 
gentlemen there to be joined by Dr. Fox. It was hoped that an inter- 
view with Mr. Carnegie could be secured before his departure for 
Scotland. 

Here again chance intervened. Mr. Carnegie was booked to deliver 
an address at Easton, Pa., and Dr. Brashear, who was also to be there, 
volunteered to see him personally in our behalf. But at this juncture 
Mrs. Brashear was suddenly taken ill, and in the hurry and worry Dr. 
Brashear overlooked and did not take with him the documents that had 
been placed at his disposal, nor did the demands upon Mr. Carnegie's 
time and attention give him opportunity to do more than barely mention 
our case. Mr. Carnegie asked that a statement be sent him, and this was 
done by the Chairman. 

Mr. Carnegie's reply was to the effect that "this was not in his line, 
and we must not expect him to do everything." 

A vote of thanks was tendered Dr. Brashear by the Executive Com- 
mittee for his efforts. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 73 

An appeal was made by the Chairman to secure recognition from the 
forty-one million dollar Rockefeller fund controlled by the General Edu- 
cation Board. The Secretary, Dr. Wallace Buttrick, was most courteous 
and sympathetic in his replies, and the matter was actually brought before 
a meeting of the Board. The final findings of the Board were that its 
resources were pledged for other purposes for a number of years in 
advance. 

Possibly a future appeal made in person to the President of the Board, 
Rev. Frederick T. Gates, or to John D. Rockefeller, Jr., will be more 
successful. 

In like manner efforts to interest Charles R. Crane and Daniel K. 
Pearsons, of Chicago, were barren of results. 

Mrs. Nelson endeavored to interest women of the stamp of Mrs. 
Russell Sage, Miss Helen M. Gould, Mrs. Philip N. Moore, and others, 
but with the same lack of success. 

It should be stated, however, that from the first the Colorado Springs 
Local Committee had pledged whatever surplus it might have from its 
fund to the Endowment Fund. This pledge figured in the subscription 
paper circulated in the city, and was also mentioned by the Chairman 
in his letters to General Palmer and four others who between them 
contributed $600 to the Entertainment Fund. This balance was sub- 
sequently found to be $174.31. 

Individual contributors to the Fund were: 

Mr. and Mrs. George Wm. Veditz $25.00 

Mrs. G. E. M. Nelson 2.01 

Mr. Walter Thurston 1.50 

Respectfully submitted, 

George Wm. Veditz, Chairman. 

Upon motion of Mr. H. R. Smoak, and duly seconded, the report was 
accepted. 



The Acting President (Mr. A. L. Pach) declared the meeting 
adjourned at 5:15. 



Friday Evening Session 

AUGUST 12, 1910 



The President called the meeting to order at eight o'clock. In the 
absence of the Secretary, who was unavoidably detained, Mr. A. L. 
Roberts, of Kansas, was appointed Secretary pro tern. 

Prayers were offered by Rev. B. R. Allabough, of Pennsylvania. 

Vice-President Michaels took the chair. 



74 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz, as Chairman, said he was ready to submit the 
majority report of the Committee on Federation. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I move that the report of the Committee on 
Federation be postponed indefinitely. Mr. F. Brant, of Minnesota, sec- 
onded the motion. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz: I want and demand fair play. The matter 
has been on our hands so long and taken so much time and study on our 
part that it is simply injustice to postpone the consideration of the report 
indefinitely. The report is here. We want the question settled now. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: Mr. Veditz is unfair to me. I have never in 
my life been unfair to him. I want fairness. The matter has for three 
years been in the hands of fifteen who were appointed at the Norfolk 
Convention as the committee. There exists no excuse for not finishing 
the work. I cannot accept excuses. Those on the committee were ap- 
pointed to serve, and they must do the work and finish it. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz : I rise to a question of personal privilege. I have 
never said at any time that the committee did or could not agree. The 
report is here ready for your consideration and action. 

Dr. T. F. Fox, of New York: The report is here before you. It is 

duty to receive and consider it. 

Mr. A. W. Wright, of Washington: I amend Mr. Spear's motion to 
the effect that the report be read. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I gladly withdraw my motion in favor of Mr. 
Wright's amendment. Mr. O. G. Carrell, of Texas, seconded Mr. 
Wright's motion. 

The motion was passed unanimously. 
Mr. G. W. Veditz presented the majority report. 
Mr. J. S. Long stated that he had a dissenting minority report. 
(Secretary's Note: No written copy was presented, so we are un- 
able to reproduce it.) 

The Acting President (Rev. Mr. Michaels) called the Second Vice- 
President, Mr. A. L. Pach, to take the chair. 

Rev. J. W. Michaels : The original committee that drafted the Arti- 
cles of Federation as submitted in the majority report was composed of 
excellent men: Dr. T. F. Fox, Dr. J. L. Smith, Mr. R. P. MacGregor, 
Rev. P. J. Hasenstab and Mr. G. W. Veditz. It would be a shame to 
criticise the report. I move that the report be adopted as a whole. 

Dr. T. F. Fox : I second the motion. 

Mr. J. S. Long: I move to amend Mr. Michaels' motion by ask- 
ing that the report be tabled. 

Mr. P. J. Axling: I second the amendment. 

The amendment was lost by a vote of 58 for to 65 against. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 75 

The Chair: The minority report is before you. 

Mr. R. P. MacGregor, of Ohio: The minority report must be given 
in writing. What paragraphs in the majority report have been objected to 
must be altered in writing. 

The Chair: The minority report not having been written out be- 
forehand, the majority report is before you. Mr. Michaels' motion is 
therefore in order. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON FEDERATION 

Constitution. Article II., Membership 

Section 1. Any duly organized State Association of the Deaf in the 
United States may become a member of the National Association as here- 
after provided; provided that deaf persons not connected with any State 
association may become individual members. 

By-Laws. Article I., Finances 

Section 1. Initiation Fee. Each State Association applying for 
membership shall be required to pay an initiation fee of fifteen per cent, 
of the total amount of its membership fee obtained from members in good 
standing at the time of such application. Such initiation fee shall cover 
and include all dues for the triennial period until the next Convention. 
The initiation fee for individual members shall be one dollar. 

Sec. 2. After the expiration of the initiation fee period, the mem- 
bership dues of each State Association shall be ten per cent, of the total 
amount of the individual membership fees of such State Association, said 
dues also to cover a period of three years. The membership dues for 
individual members shall be fifty cents annually. 

Mr. Hanson : This matter of Federation is very important and should 
not be acted on without full and thorough discussion. There are other 
plans of reorganization under consideration, and each should be given a 
fair hearing before final action is taken. It would be a great mistake to 
force this through at this session, and I ask you not to do it until the 
subject has been thoroughly discussed. 

The Federation plan in its present shape, which is the same as that 
reported at Norfolk, does not meet with general approval. It has not 
been discussed and very few understand it thoroughly. It has many ob- 
jectionable features. 

It does not provide for financing the Association. Without money 
we cannot do effective work. Its chief advocates rely on an endowment 
fund to meet the expenses of the Association. But it will be many years 
before we can expect to have an endowment fund to draw on, and in the 



76 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

meantime the N. A. D. will be helpless and impotent as it has been in 
the past. 

I believe that we should depend on ourselves rather than on the multi- 
millionaires to provide the funds to carry on the work. There are enough 
deaf in the land to furnish a respectable amount to fight our battles if 
only a large number of them can be induced to pay a small amount each. 
I believe that they will gladly do it if we only provide the proper organ- 
ization for them to do so. Some of the amendments to the Constitution 
that have been submitted provide for such an organization and I hope 
they will receive due consideration. 

The Federation plan as reported provides that State Associations 
alone shall be entitled to representation in the N. A. D. The deaf who 
are not members of State Associations would have no standing at all in 
the N. A. D. Many States have no State Associations, and would have 
no representation in the N. A. D. Most State Associations meet only 
once in two or three years. Where prompt action is needed it could not 
be taken. 

It would be much better for the N. A. D. to work through local so- 
cieties and clubs which meet weekly or monthly. Through these clubs 
interest in the N. A. D. can be kept up right along. Many of them have 
a larger membership than the State Associations, and are in position to 
give prompt and efficient support to the N. A. D. when needed. 

The membership of the N. A. D. should consist of individuals, but 
in order to facilitate the work there should be a local organization in 
every large city or center of deaf population, or the local societies already 
existing can be made efficient auxiliaries to build up the Association. 

Mr J. C. Winemiller: Have we not confidence in these five men 
who drafted the report? If so, let the report be passed. 

Mr. J. S. Long : It is not to be a matter of blind confidence. Personally 
I have confidence in Mr. Veditz, in Dr. Fox and in the others, but there 
are still others with brains. We must decide here whether there should 
be a Federation or no Federation. We have been discussing the matter 
so much, and sentiment has been changing considerably. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz: Several States still approve of Federation. I 
never have had any hopes of financial support from the State Associations 
on the basis of federation. I have therefore turned my thoughts to an 
endowment fund as its basis of support. I move to call the previous 
question. 

Mr. J. C. Winemiller seconded the motion. 

Rev. Mr. Michaels' motion to adopt the majority report on Federa- 
tion finally passed by a vote of 76 ayes to 60 nays. 

Mr. G. W. Veditz: The Federation does not go into effect until 
nine State Associations have ratified the Articles of Federation. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 77 

At ten o'clock sharp the Chair declared the meeting adjourned. 

The balance of the evening was given over to a wrestling entertain- 
ment for the benefit of the Moving Picture Fund. It was an exciting bat- 
tle between J. F. Meagher, of Kentucky, and W. B. Mosey, of Wyoming, 
who secured two falls out of three. 



Saturday Morning Session 

AUGUST 13, 1910 



The session began at 10:05 with the President in the chair. Father 
S. J. Moeller, of Chicago, was invited to open the exercises with prayer. 
Dr. T. F. Fox asked permission to have the floor. 

Dr. T. F. Fox : Our President has seen many years of activity in 
our Association; he has gone through its disputes and has lived through 
it all. You may not know all that he went through, but I do. He also 
has been our President for a second term. He has done much. He has 
given much of his time and devotion to our interests. Now he does not 
want any office again. He has been at times much misunderstood, and 
does not wish this to occur again. He desires to retire from all official 
activity. If he has made any mistakes, it is only because he is human. 
We have absolute confidence in him, even when he retires. But we hope, 
and believe that he will, still help us in the great work of the Associa- 
tion. We have raised one hundred dollars as an evidence of our appre- 
ciation of his efficient past service. He should have had a fair stenographer, 
but his lovely wife would not let him employ a lady to assist him with 
his large correspondence. We offer him instead a typewriter machine. 
We cannot secure one on short notice. We prefer to leave the matter of 
choice of make to him. Mr. Veditz, in the name of many of your friends 
who are assembled here, I have the honor to present you with one hun- 
dred dollars and ask you to select a typewriter with it. Accept this as a 
token from your friends. 

The President: I do not know how to answer. I have never looked 
for or expected anything of this kind. I accept your expression of appre- 
ciation with heartfelt thanks, and wish to assure you that I shall still 
continue to work for the National Association of the Deaf, but henceforth 
it will be with the aid of this typewriter. Again, I thank you all. 

Mrs. O. Hanson, of Washington, recited in the sign language the 
national song, "The Star Spangled Banner." 



78 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

The President: The election of officers for the ensuing term of 
three years is in order. I appoint as tellers the following gentlemen: 
Messrs. Schroeder, Spear, Gibson, Michaels and Tillinghast. 

Nominations for President are now in order. 

Mr. A. Schroeder: The office of President is one of great respon- 
sibility, and it requires more or less constant work. Mr. Veditz was 
compelled to neglect his own private business. He has declined to run 
again for the office as he cannot afford to make further sacrifices. But 
there is another gentleman willing to take up the work, and is prepared to 
sacrifice his time and work for the National Association of the Deaf. He 
is a man of action, well-known as such in his former State and also all 
over the United States. He has a much greater experience than most other 
deaf men. He has traveled and observed much in Europe and in the 
United States. He is as honest as gold. We can depend upon him. He 
was the man that tackled Roosevelt in the civil service matter and won. 
He is worthy of the honor that we can give him on that account alone. 
To him we shall always feel grateful. We are always grateful to any one 
that has done anything well for us in the past and who is also able to do 
so in the future. He will have to make many sacrifices for us when he 
goes forth as our doughty champion on matters pertaining to our wel- 
fare, but he is prepared to do so. He is a man with a clean, national 
reputation, and not connected with any factions. I want him as the 
successor of our worthy present President. I nominate Mr. O. Hanson 
for President. 

Dr. T. F. Fox : Without a doubt we all feel and want to see that 
the Association will continue to be progressive, in fact as well as in spirit. 
I feel that the man just nominated is able to do both and unite all parties. 
I second his nomination. No matter how adversely he is thought of 
and looked upon among enemies, we all admit he is a man. Of course, 
there are always some disputes. That we cannot help. Without disputes 
we would be mere babes. As in the world at large, so we have the right 
to differ from one another on various matters. It is our inalienable 
right to think and vote according to our own beliefs and inclinations. All 
eyes of the deaf-mute world are turned upon Colorado Springs, waiting 
to see who has been elected President. We cannot do better than vote 
for Mr. O. Hanson. The East honors him much. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I have enjoyed watching Dr. Fox speak. Many 
years ago he and I were in college together. He has his college educa- 
tion, wisdom, eloquence and persuasion, and I value them greatly. I lack 
them myself, but I am simply a business man, pursuing a different line 
of life-work. 

The Minnesota Association sent me here. They have instructed me 
to support the principles of its association work. I shall do so. I shall 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 79 

do the best I can. I shall try to support those principles here that we 
agreed upon at home. Those principles include the so-called Spear plan. 

Here you may have come together to decide whether there should be 
Federation or no Federation. They tell me to stand for a greater N. 
A. D. I cannot go in for a smaller N. A. D. But I must fight a fair 
fight for principle and for right. I am here for a purpose. Many of you 
are strangers to me, and yet I wish to compliment you all upon your ac- 
ceptable appearance, and especially the ladies, for I never have seen so 
many charming, well-bred ladies at a single gathering. 

I am here to nominate a man, and when I have done so, I shall have 
finished my mission and duty. The man that I shall nominate has no 
collar upon his neck; he is independent of all. I want to see you all 
free to do as you wish to. We shall wear no other man's collar. We 
should live on our own independence, and use our own manhood and 
womanhood. Freedom is priceless. Freedom makes us what we are in 
this country. Freedom is a blessing for us all. Exercise your own judg- 
ment. Vote as you feel. If you feel that the man I nominate is a good 
man, for he is one, vote for him. And then, the N. A. D. will grow on. 
I nominate Mr. P. L. Axling for President. 

As I said a while ago, I have no eloquence to speak of, but what 
little I have, I give it freely. I give it all to Mr. Axling, with all my heart 
and with all my soul. If I had more, I would use it all for him. 

But who is Mr. Axling? You may not have heard of him till within 
the past month or two. If you think he can manage the work here well, 
vote for him. I know the other man; he is my friend as well. Mr. Ax- 
ling taught for one year at the South Dakota School, and then resigned 
in order to work for himself. I have heard or known of nothing against 
his character. He is a capable man. He has been a printer and a news- 
paper writer and editor. He married a Minnesota lady and has three 
children. He tries to please everybody, and has proved himself agreeable 
to all. He has had no help from others, and none from the rich. What 
he is now and has, has been all secured through his own efforts. Honor 
him then. If my word can help, I shall be pleased. I wish you all to vote 
for Mr. P. L. Axling. 

Rev. J. W. Michaels: I move that each nominating speech be lim- 
ited to five minutes. Seconded by Mr. H. R. Smoak, and passed. 

Mr. F. Brant, of Minnesota: I second the nomination of Mr. P. 
L. Axling. He is honest and broad-minded. He will give a fair deal 
to all, if he is elected. I prefer one with a broad mind, if without a 
college education. 

Mr. J. C. Howard: I feel bad if another Minnesota man stands 
here. I am for all these candidates. If they were the only two that 
could be nominated, I should be sorry. But we have more men in whom 
we also have confidence. I desire to name one — a man who has done 



80 PROCEEDINGS OK THE N. A. D. 

much. He truly deserves our respect. Everybody knows him. We have 
been handing him our membership fees and annual dues. He is an in- 
dependent and fearless man, and fair and just, too. I nominate Mr. J. 
S. Long. 

Mr. P. L. Axling: I rise to a question of personal privilege. 

The President: Mr. Axling has the floor. 

Mr. P. L. Axling: I have been here all the week with you. I 
have met and come to know each one personally. You have all met me, 
and you know that I am nominated. I have watched all your doings. I 
wish the N. A. D. to grow on. If elected, I think I would be able to 
direct its work. But I wish to announce that I have come to the con- 
clusion to withdraw from the race and to ask all my friends to change 
their vote to Mr. J. S. Long. 

The President: We shall now proceed with the balloting. 

While the tellers were counting the votes considerable excitement pre- 
vailed when Mr. Cloud asked for the privilege of the floor and called 
attention to the deliberate fraud committed by J. F. Meagher, who had 
cast two ballots for his candidate, Mr. Hanson. Half a dozen others 
quickly followed Mr. Cloud, loudly claiming that they had been eye- 
witnesses to the fraud and demanded an honest ballot and a fair count. 
The President called the alleged culprit to the platform, and there, con- 
fronted by the overwhelming evidence, he hung his head shamefacedly and 
pleaded guilty. The President severely arraigned him and then told him 
"to go and sin no more." The tellers were notified to cast out one Hanson 
ballot. As a result of the fraud, a count was ordered taken by the 
President and Secretary of all those present entitled to vote, and the num- 
ber was announced as 268. 

The Chair: The number of qualified voters is 268. Are the tellers 
ready to report the result of the ballot? 

The Chair : The vote stands for Mr. Hanson 136, for Mr. Long 124. 
Mr. Hanson is declared elected President. 

Mr. J. C. Howard: Though defeated, and yet without a complaint, 
I can trust Mr. O. Hanson to do his work with fairness. I move to 
make his election unanimous. 

Mr. J. S. Long: I desire to second the motion. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: We all shall stick to and work for principles. 

Mr. J. C. Howard's motion was put before the meeting and carried. 

The President: Mr. Olof Hanson is hereby declared elected Presi- 
dent by an unanimous vote. Mr. Hanson will now come forward and 
take the chair. 

Mr. O. Hanson (taking the chair) : I shall try to administer the 
work of the Association in accordance with the majority's will, and will 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 81 

be fair to all. Without the same support as has been given to my pre- 
decessor, I shall not be able to do much. But with your help I shall see 
that the National Association of the Deaf shall advance more and more. 
I thank you all for this expression of your confidence in me. 

Nominations for the office of First Vice-President are now in order. 

Mr. W. I. Tilton, of Illinois: I have no speech to make. But I 
nominate Rev. G. F. Flick, a man worthy of your confidence and honor, 
and a man honest in all ways. 

Mr. J. C. Howard: With Mr. Hanson coming from the West, we 
shall now be after a man from the East. The other day we saw that 
man in the chair doing so well in his rulings. I nominate Mr. A. L. Pach. 

Mrs. O. Hanson: Any lady who pays her dollar into the treasury 
has a right to make a nomination. So I wish to nominate a man. 
He never has been in Gallaudet College, but has had a good, successful 
business career. He has proved himself honorable. I feel he is worthy 
of our honor. I nominate Mr. A. Schroeder. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt: Mr. Schroeder is from the great Middle West. 
Many are here from the Middle West, too. We all need to honor the 
man who has shown interest in our Industrial Exhibit, and given it a 
steady support. No sectional spirit has been shown on his own part; he 
belongs to all. He is for our common cause. He is an independent man, 
also. I second his nomination. 

Rev. J. M. Koehler: I move that we proceed to vote. Seconded by 
Mr. A. W. Wright, and passed. 

The result showed: Rev. Mr. Flick, 33; Mr. Pach, 88; Mr. Schroeder, 
143. 

The President : Mr. Anton Schroeder, of Minnesota, is declared 
elected. 

Nominations for Second Vice-President are now in order. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud: Ladies have been conspicuous at this Convention. 
There has been hard work for the men here, but women have demonstrated 
that they can do as well. I desire to nominate a lady whose name is 
known all over the country — Mrs. J. S. Long, of Iowa. 

Mr. W. A. Nelson, of Iowa: I second the nomination. 

Mr. F. Brant: I nominate Rev. G. F. Flick. 

Rev. Mr. Flick declined the nomination. 

Mr. S. M. Freeman : There is another lady here who is as worthy 
of our honor and confidence. She has attended many conventions and 
other assemblies. She has also done much for the deaf. I nominate Mrs. 
M. Heyman, of New York. 

Mr. F. P. Gibson : I second the nomination of Mrs. Heyman. 

A vote was taken. Result : Mrs. Long, 135 ; Mrs. Heyman, 127. 



82 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

The President: Mrs. J. S. Long, of Iowa, is hereby declared elected. 
Now, whom will you nominate for Third Vice-President? 

Miss Jessie A. Beardsley, of South Dakota: I nominate Mr. C. H. 
Loucks of South Dakota. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud: I second the nomination. 

Mr. A. O. Steideman, of Missouri: I desire to nominate Mrs. Frieda 
B. Carpenter, of Illinois. 

Mr. H. Long, of Nebraska: I second the nomination. 

Result of ballot: Mr. Loucks, 81; Mrs. Carpenter, 164; scattering, 2. 

The President: Mrs. F. B. Carpenter is elected Third Vice-Presi- 
dent. Nominations for Fourth Vice-President are in order. 

Mr. H. L. Ford, of Texas : I nominate Mr. O. G. Carrell, of Texas. 
The nomination was seconded by Mr. Ernest Swangren, of Washington. 

Mr. J. S. Long: I move that the Secretary be instructed to cast 
the vote of the Association for Mr. O. G. Carrell. 

The President: Is there any objection to Mr. J. S. Long's mo- 
tion? There is none. Mr. O. G. Carrell, of Texas, is accordingly elected 
Fourth Vice-President. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt : I move that a recess be taken until 2 p. m. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. P. L. Axling, and lost by 39 ayes to 
an overwhelming vote against it. 

The President: The nays have it. The nominations for the office 
of Secretary are now in order. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud: There is no man that fits the Secretary's chair 
more snugly than Mr. O. H. Regensburg, of California. I nominate him 
for Secretary. 

The nomination was seconded by Mr. A. L. Roberts. 

Mr. J. Warren, of Tennessee: I nominate Mr. L M Hunt of 
South Dakota. 

The nomination was seconded by Mr. A. M. Bell, of Alabama. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt: I decline the nomination. I am in favor of Mr 
Regensburg. 

Mr. N. F. Morrow, of Indiana: I move that the Secretary be in- 
structed to cast the vote of the Association for Mr. Regensburg. 

for nimsdf 1561 ^ "° ° bJeCti ° nS ' the Secretar y> as ° r dered, cast the ballot 

HeH^ ^TaT ' ^ °' H ' R< * ensbur e> °f California, is hereby 
d cared elected Secretary. Whom are you ready to nominate for Treas" 



urer 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 83 

Rev. J. W. Michaels : We have had the best man we could find for 
Treasurer the past term. I know and honor Mr. Long. Yet I have an- 
other man whom I desire to nominate — Mr. S. M. Freeman, of Georgia. 

Mr. N. F. Morrow: I second the nomination. 

Rev. J. M. Koehler: I move that the Secretary be instructed to 
cast the ballot of the Association for Mr. S. M. Freeman for Treasurer. 
Seconded by Mr. R. P. MacGregor, of Ohio. 

No objection being raised, the motion was carried, and Mr. Freeman 
was declared elected. 

Upon motion of Rev. J. H. Cloud, seconded by Mr. N. F. Morrow, 
a recess was taken until 2 :30 p. m. 



Saturday Afternoon Session 

AUGUST 13, 1910 



The final meeting of the Association was called to order at three 
o'clock by President Hanson, and Rev. D. E. Moylan, of Maryland, 
opened the program with prayer. Mr. A. L. Roberts was appointed 
Secretary pro tern, in the absence of the Secretary. 

Miss Ethel Ritchie, of Colorado, "sang" in signs, "Rule, Brittania." 
The Chinese Consul, Mr. Li Yung Yew, submitted a set of written 

questions, the answers to which were desired for the information of the 

Chinese government in regard to the deaf. 

MESSAGES AND QUESTIONS PROPOUNDED BY THE IMPERIAL 
CHINESE GOVERNMENT 

1. What is the best method to teach the deaf? 

2. How can we do away with suspicion and distrust of the deaf by 
their employers? 

3. Do the deaf need an asylum for their infirm and helpless? 

4. Is it more important to have deaf people insure their lives than 
hearing people? 

5. There ought to be a newspaper maintained and supported for the 
deaf to enlighten them and bring them in touch with other people. 

6. Why were the deaf people generally classified as a dependent and 
helpless class? 

7. There ought to be an international association for the deaf. 



84 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: The questions naturally would call for con- 
siderable time in discussion preparatory for formulating proper answers. 
I move, therefore, that the whole matter be referred to a committee of 
three appointed by the President, and that the committee be empowered 
to act for the Association. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud: I move to amend the motion so as to include the 
President in the committee. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: I accept the amendment. 

The motion, duly seconded, and as amended, was passed. 

The President: I appoint Messrs. Veditz and Winemiller to act 
with myself on the committee. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: I move that the report of the Committee 
on Resolutions be made the last order of business of the day as a fitting 
matter with which to close up the Convention. 

This motion was ruled out. 

Dr. T. F. Fox, Acting Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, 
was given the floor, and read the report. 

(Secretary's Note: The Resolutions, as revised, amended and finally 
adopted by the Association, are given further on.) 

The resolutions provoked the following discussion : 

No. 1. Resolutions on Signs 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I wish to add this, "any system that tends to 
impair, destroy or restrict the use of signs, etc." 
Dr. T. F. Fox accepted the amendment. Passed. 

No. 2. Resolution on Oral Instructions 

Mrs. A. K. Barrett, of Iowa : I think the resolution speaks too 
much for oralism. Oralists never admit any good in the Combined 
System. 

Dr. T. F. Fox : Practically, I agree with Mrs. Barrett. The oralists 
have been saying that the deaf are against oralism. We only say, "oral- 
ism may be employed when practicable." In all my experience, I have 
noticed that oral teachers in their schools see for themselves the diffi- 
culties and turn to the manual alphabet for spelling. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I accept the spirit of Mrs. Barrett's remarks and 
agree with her that the resolution savors too much of oralism. We 
must be careful about letting it go in its present form. My business 
keeps me in more or less constant contact with hearing people, but I also 
mingle with the deaf. I think the resolution is too indefinite or allows 
too much for oralism. I move to amend by inserting an extra clause rec- 
ommending that superintendents use care in seeing that pupils who can- 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 85 

not profit by the oral method be given a chance under the Combined 
System. 

Mr. Spear's amendment failed to be seconded. 

Mr. E. A. Hodgson: Signs are not taught to pupils. Children just 
pick up signs as naturally as hearing children do when they hear others 
speak. The use of gestures is allowed at the Northampton School. But 
children should have the privilege of using signs. 

Mr. O. Hanson : I am responsible for the resolution as it stands. 
We are not so narrow as to see nothing good. It is a mistake to say 
that we never teach signs. We teach signs when coaching in hymns 
and recitations. Properly it is right to teach signs. Only we must in- 
sist upon their proper use. 

Dr. T. F. Fox : The Northampton and the Lexington Avenue Schools 
do not use the general signs employed by the deaf, but only their own 
natural signs. 

Mr. D. R. Tillinghast: I agree with Mr. Hodgson in his idea of 
children using signs. The trustees of our schools tell the legislatures 
that the deaf children must learn speech because the hearing people do 
not understand signs. Children simply learn signs from association. We 
do not teach them signs. In school, children learn speech, but out of 
school they write on pads in conversation with the hearing. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud : I move that each speaker be allowed five minutes. 
Seconded by Mr. H. Smoak. Motion was amended to three minutes and 
passed. 

Resolution No. 2, upon motion of Mr. Smoak, and seconded by 
Mr. Hodgson, was adopted. 

No. 3. Resolution to Allow Pupils to Learn Signs at School 

Mr. E. A. Hodgson : I wish to substitute the word "using" for the 
word "learning." 

Mr. R. P. MacGregor: We do not want the public to think that 
deaf children go to school to learn signs. 

Mr. E. Rowse, of Mississippi, seconded the amendment. Upon mo- 
tion of Mr. Veditz, and seconded, a vote was taken. Amendment passed. 

Mr. A. R. Spear : I wish to insert "right and", to read : ''children 
should have the right and privilege of using signs." Seconded by Mrs. 
J. K. Barrett. 

Dr. T. F. Fox : It can only be through diplomacy that we can win 
the oralists over. They won't admit our right to use signs. The North- 
ampton School would say, "We cannot help, but children learn signs." 
Has any oralist ever admitted the right? No. Then, let us use other 
means in order to win the desired end. 



86 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Mr. A. R. Spear: I desire to withdraw my amendment. 

Resolution No. 3 finally was passed. 

Resolutions Nos. 4 and 5 were passed without discussion. 

No. 6. Resolution on Impostors 

Mr. H. Smoak: I wish to include peddling, so that the Association 
may be known as having taken a stand against deaf persons peddling. 

Rev. B. R. Allabough : We cannot secure any penalties against deaf 
persons peddling. 

Mr. A. W. Wright: We cannot punish peddling. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt: We can only educate the deaf against peddling 
as an occupation for the deaf to pursue. 

Resolution No. 6 was passed. Resolutions Nos. 7, 8, 9 and 10 were 
passed without discussion. 

No. 11. Resolution Condemning Ill-Advised Philanthropy. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud: I move that this resolution be laid aside. 

Mr. L. M. Hunt: Rev. Mr. Cloud's position on the resolution in 
question is a strong one. Mr. Hodgson also means well. I do not think 
we should place the name of Dr. Bell or any other person in that reso- 
lution. Otherwise the resolution is a good one, and should be passed. 
We need all the friends we can find and so I am opposed to the resolu- 
tion as it stands: If Rev. Mr. Cloud will withdraw his motion, I will 
move to pass the resolution by substituting the word "philanthropists" 
for Dr. Bell. 

The resolution, as amended, was passed. 

Resolutions Nos. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 were 
passed without discussion. 

In expressing his thanks over Resolution No. 23, Father McCarthy, 
of New York, made the following response: 

father McCarthy's address 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

It would be a sore burden of remorse for my conscience to carry 
for the two thousand miles' journey homeward had I not obeyed the im- 
pulse to rise and thank you heartily for the many words and acts of cour- 
tesy shown by the officers and members of this Congress toward Father 
Moeller and myself. We are, indeed, glad to be here. I feel that not 
one particle of the large time and expense given to this enterprise has 
been wasted. When I look out over this gathering of zeal, industry and 
refinement I cannot but be impressed by the great strides of progress which 
the deaf have made in our times, and I feel in myself a broadening of 
the mind and an unfolding of the heart. Time was when the people 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 87 

threw the deaf-mute in the river, or left him to be devoured by the 
dogs on the hillside. But never again; the world has grown wiser and 
more sympathetic toward the afflicted. Time was when the Catholics 
burnt the Protestants, and the Protestants burnt the Catholics. But 
never again; the temper of the world has become more even and men 
can now differ in convictions without quarreling. Time was, and not so 
very long ago, when this government classed the merely physically deaf 
with the mentally insane; but, thanks in great measure to the tireless 
industry and pleading of our erstwhile President, Mr. Veditz, that blind 
and cruel edict shall never happen again. And now, I feel assured in 
my appeal to yourselves, that no one in this assemblage shall entertain 
any hard feelings against the venerable Catholic Church, that Church 
which first invented your beautiful sign language. Let me tell you that 
recently Archbishop Moeller, the brother of your guest, visited the "Old 
Man in the Vatican," and related to him the story of the deaf-mute. 
The Pope listened with interest and sympathy, and at the end said to the 
Archbishop, "Silver and gold I have none, but what I have I give." And 
sitting down, he penned with his own hand a letter which he gave to 
the Archbishop, saying, "You may have this letter of mine shown to my 
two hundred and fifty millions of followers whose hearts are in accord 
with mine, and you may tell them that all who engage in the work of up- 
lifting the deaf shall share in my most earnest prayers to God for every 
prosperous and salutary gift." Surely, then, there shall be no hard feel- 
ings for that Church, whose Head declares, moreover, that assistance in 
uplifting the deaf "is a work of eminent charity." 

No. 24. Resolution on Official Organ 

Mr. A. B. Greener, of Ohio, introduced this motion. 

Mr. J. F. Meagher: I offer no objection to the resolution itself. But 
I fear that because the Journal is an institution paper, its editor has to 
be governed in his editorial utterances to some extent. So I move to 
lay the resolution on the table. Seconded by Mr. E. Swangren. 

Mr. E. A. Hodgson: I am concerned in this resolution. So I desire 
to say something. The Journal may be an institution paper, yet it is 
independent. I edit the paper, and am independent, too. The paper is 
independent so long as it is doing its work correctly. There is no license 
needed for anything it desires to do. The Journal has practically been 
the official organ for years; it has been publishing notices and conven- 
tion reports of the Association gratis. It is ever willing to publish any- 
thing for the Association. Otherwise, the Secretary must write to every 
one and this would involve much work. The Journal does not get any 
direct support from the State, as has been claimed, and has received none 
for twenty years. There are five compositors in its employ who are re- 
ceiving wages, and we even pay for correspondence. Subscription money 
pays for all these. The Journal is a newspaper of the deaf, for the deaf 
and by the deaf. I have received no criticisms except from my dear 
friends. The Journal practically founded the N. A. D. We try to pub- 
lish all we can for the deaf. I am only giving you facts. There is 
nothing for myself through the paper. 



88 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Mr. J. C. Howard: I amend the motion so as to accept the Deaf- 
Mutes' Journal of New York as our official organ. 

Mr. J. F. Meagher: I accept all that Mr. Hodgson has said, and 
consent to the amendment. 

Mr. J. C. Howard: I desire to add "with thanks for the Journal's 
thirty years' service." 

The motion thus amended and seconded, was passed. 

Dr. T. F. Fox: I move that the report of the Committee on Reso- 
lutions be adopted as a whole. Seconded and passed. 

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED 
No. 1. Preserve the Sign Language 

Whereas, the sign language, as introduced in America by Clerc and 
developed by Gallaudet and other early educators, is a most beautiful 
language of priceless value to the deaf; 

Resolved, That any policy of education which tends to impair or de- 
stroy or restrict the use of this beautiful language is opposed to the best 
interests of the deaf; 

Resolved, That we call upon schools for the deaf not only to pre- 
serve, but to improve on this sign language, and to give systematic in- 
struction in the proper and correct use thereof. 

No. 2. Teach Speech Where Practicable, Not Where Impracticable 

While we fully recognize and appreciate the value of speech 
to the deaf, we also recognize the difficulty and even the impossibility of 
acquiring it by many of the deaf. 

Resolved, That we favor the best oral instruction for those deaf 
who can profit by it. 

Resolved, That where the attempt to acquire speech results in the 
sacrifice of mental development, we favor the employment of such methods 
as will secure the highest and broadest mental development. 

This is what the Combined System aims to do, and therefore we en- 
dorse the Combined System. 

No. 3. Let the Orally Taught Have the Benefit of the Sign 

Language 

Whereas, Speech reading is practicable only for individual conver- 
sation, and does not enable the deaf to understand sermons, lectures, de- 
bates, and the like ; and, 

Whereas, The sign language offers the only practicable and satisfac- 
tory means by which the deaf may understand sermons and lectures, par- 
ticipate in debate and discussion, and enjoy mental recreation and culture; 

Resolved, That it is the sense of the Convention that all the deaf', 
including those taught by the oral method, should have the privilege of 
using the sign language while at school. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 89 

No. 4. Teachers Should Be Well Educated 

Whereas, The educated deaf favor the best oral instruction possible 
in cases where this method is practicable with the deaf; and, 

Whereas, A mere acquaintance with the functions of the organs of 
speech is not sufficient qualification for teachers using the oral method, 
who are expected to teach English and other branches through and by 
speech; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we record our belief that candidates for the position 
of oral teachers of the deaf should be required to possess a college train- 
ing or an academic education. 

No. 5. Concerning Bias by Volta Bureau 

Whereas, The Volta Bureau has on several occasions shown itself 
biased in favor of a single method; and, 

Whereas, Its foundation is "for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowl - 
edge relating to the Deaf;" therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the National Association of the Deaf express as its 
opinion that the spirit of truthfulness, honesty, and fair play demands 
that the managers of the Bureau shall be entirely neutral and not dis- 
criminate against any system or method in such "Diffusion of Knowledge 
Relating to the Deaf." 

No. 6. About Impostors 

Whereas, There is no necessity for an educated deaf person to beg 
or solicit alms on account of deafness; and, 

Whereas, There are many cases of persons who are not really deaf, 
but hearing people who prey on the sympathy of the public to the injury 
of the respectable and self-supporting deaf; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That it is the sense of the Association that stringent 
laws should be enacted making it a penal offense to ask pecuniary aid 
on account of deafness or on pretense of being "deaf and dumb." 

No. 7. A Demand for a Square Deal in Magazines 

Whereas, There exists a systematic propaganda to influence the pub- 
lic in favor of the oral instruction by publishing exaggerated accounts of 
work done in magazines and periodicals ; 

Resolved, That we request all magazines that publish or have pub- 
lished such accounts in favor of the oral method to give equal space to 
a fair presentation of the Combined System. 

No. 8. Industrial Exhibit 

Whereas, Many of the deaf have spent considerable time and money 
in preparing and sending specimens for the Industrial Exhibit; therefore, 
be it 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Association are due to them for 
their hearty support of a valuable feature of the Convention. 

No. 9. Committee on Civil Service 

Resolved, That a standing committee of three be established to be 
known as the Civil Service Committee of the N. A. D., whose duty it shall 



90 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

be to remove or remedy discriminations against the deaf in the Civil Ser- 
vice of the government and to encourage and assist the deaf to obtain 
positions in this service. 

No. 10. Endowment Fund Committee 

Resolved, That the Endowment Fund Committee be made a stand- 
ing committee to concern itself with the accumulation of a fund whose 
annual income shall equal or exceed ten thousand dollars. 

No. 11. Deprecating So-Called "Philanthropy." 

Resolved, That we deprecate the policy of those "philanthropists" 
who concern themselves with the deaf, but bestow their benefactions 
without consulting the educated deaf, the effect being along lines which 
the deaf themselves do not regard as tending to their welfare. 

No. 12. Approving President Veditz's Course 

Resolved, That we commend the course of President Veditz in call- 
ing the attention of officers of the Alumni Association of the Rome, N. 
Y., School to the policy indicated in the published utterances of Mr. E. 
A. Gruver, principal of said school, concerning the St. Louis educational 
resolutions, as inimical to sentiments of the N. A. D. as embodied in 
these resolutions. 

No. 13. Endorsing the N. F. S. D. 

Resolved, That the N. A. D. heartily endorses the aims and tendencies 
of the National F. S. D. as promoting the solidarity of the deaf and 
creating a favorable impression in the public mind concerning the class. 

No. 14. Commending Long's Dictionary of Signs 

Resolved, That we endorse and recommend the manual of signs re- 
cently published by Mr. J. S. Long, as a text-book to those hearing per- 
sons desiring to acquire a fair knowledge and correct use of the Gal- 
laudet sign language. 

No. 15. On China's Representation 

Resolved, That we hereby express the pleasure and encouragement 
inspired by the presence of the distinguished representatives of the Chi- 
nese government, who charmed all by the enlightened and deep interest 
they manifested in the work of the Congress. 

No. 16. Thanking Local Committee of Arrangements 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Association be voted to the Local 
Committee for its efforts to provide for the comfort, convenience and 
pleasure of all in attendance. ' 

No. 17. Appreciating the Hospitality of the Colorado School 

Resolved, That we acknowledge with sincere appreciation the assist- 
ance and numerous courtesies received by the members of the Association 
from the Board of Trustees and Superintendent Argo of the Colorado 
School for the Deaf. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 91 

No. 18. Moving Picture Seance 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Association are hereby voted to 
Prof. Enoch H. Currier, Principal of the New York Institution, to the 
Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, and to Mr. Henry L. Fritz for the 
generous use of moving picture films. 

No. 19. Approving the Sending of School Delegates to the N. A. D. 

Resolved, That we appreciate and cordially commend the enlightened 
action of the Trustees of the Mississippi, Virginia, S. Dakota and Maryland 
Schools for the Deaf in sending special delegates to the Congress. 

No. 20. On Retiring Officers 

Resolved, That we express our thanks to the retiring officers for the 
successful manner in which they have performed their arduous work. 

No. 21. The Courtesy of the Press 

Resolved, That we thank the press of Colorado Springs for favorable 
reports of the Convention, and the people of Colorado Springs for cour- 
teous treatment received during our stay. 

No. 22. Concerning a Department of Public Health 

Resolved, That we approve the bill of Senator Owen creating a 
department of public health, and providing for a Cabinet officer to be at 
the head of the proposed department. 

No. 23. Appreciating the Presence of the Hearing Clergy 

Resolved, That we express our sense of appreciation of the interest 
taken in our work by the hearing clergy, and notably the interest attested 
by the beneficial and helpful presence of Fathers McCarthy, of New York, 
and Moeller, of Chicago. 

No. 24. Recognizing the Journal as Official Organ 

Resolved, That the Deaf-Mutes' Journal of New York, be, and is, 
hereby made the official organ of the Association, for the next three 
years, or until the next meeting of the Association. 



Mrs. O. Hanson, of Washington, presented the report of the Com- 
mittee on Awards of Industrial Exhibits. 

INDUSTRIAL EXHIBIT AWARDS 

World's Congress of the Deaf, Colorado Springs, August 6-13, 1910 

Fancy needlework and hand-painted china — Miss Beulah Cristal, Texas. 
Plain and artistic printing— Chas. F. W. Lawrence, Bay City, Mich. 
Fancy quilt— Mrs. L. M. Hunt, Sioux Falls, S. D. 
Copperplate and steel die engraving — John L. Randolph, Norfolk, Va. 
Oil painting, "Snowballs"— Miss Annabelle Kent, East Orange, N. J. 
Motorcycle— Charles R. Neillie, Cleveland, Ohio. 



92 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Oil painting, "Mater Dolorosa" — Frank Beirne, Port Jervis, N. Y. 

Bookbinding — Miss Emma Smith. 

Steel engraving and press work — W. DeWitt Himrod, Erie, Pa. 

Printing and engraving — Ralph Udall, St. Louis, Mo. 

Largest and most varied display — Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Loucks, 
Aberdeen, S. D. 

Finest display of printing — Herbert R. Smoak, Union, S. C. 

Job printing — Walter Glover, Spartanburg, S. C. 

Window screen and storm-sash hangers — Anton Schroeder, patentee, 
the Stanley Works, New Britain, Conn. 

Typographical excellence — The Industrial Journal, Warren Robinson, 
Delavan. 

Newspaper for the deaf — The Southern Optimist, Mrs. C. L. Jackson, 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Newspaper for the deaf — The Observer, Louis A. Christenson, Seattle, 
Wash. 

Silver plate engraving — Charles L. Schindler, Stratford, Conn. 

Hand-made shoes, new — J. H. Bata, Green Forest, Ark. 

Shoe-repairing — Moses F. Leblanc, Lowell, Mass. 

Bookbinding — Charles H. Loucks, Aberdeen, S. D. (American Indus- 
trial Journal). 

Crochet work — School for Deaf, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Drawn work — School for Deaf, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Photography — Frederick P. Fawkner, Cairo, 111. 

Largest collection of views of homes — O. H. Regensburg, Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

Bath mats — Clarence J. Selby, Chicago, 111. 

Architectural drawings, for general excellence in color — H. Olson, 
Glenwood, Wis. 

Architectural drawings — Olof Hanson, Seattle, Wash. 

Reflecting telescope — David Friedman, Cleveland, O. 

Concrete shaping device — David Friedman, Cleveland, O. 

Chewing tobacco — L. Garnet Bondurant, Martinsville, Va. 

Job printing — Robert P. Smoak, Roanoke, Va. 

Painter's ladder brackets, invention — James A. Dudley, Delavan, Wis. 

Tabular composition and printing — Wm. C. Fugate, Louisville, Ky. 

Job printing — Waring & Long, Grinnell, la. 

Bookbinding — Wallace Clarke, Denver, Colo. 

Patent pitcher and insectifuge — Paxton Pollard, Norfolk, Va. 

Embroidery — Miss Rose Mulligan. 

Embroidery — Mrs. J. H. Bata, Green Forest, Ark. 

The Underwood Typewriter Company, Hartford, Conn., for employing 
deaf workmen. 

Analysis of soils, chemical work — James W. Howson, San Francisco, 
Cal. 

Taxidermy — William Lambert. 

Advertising — The Howard Investment Company, Duluth, Minn. 

Successful farming — N. R. McGrew, Gilman, la. 

Watercolors — Jacques Alexander, New York, N. Y. 

Half-tone engraving — George H. Sprague, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Laundry work — Louis O. Blanchard, West Hartford, Conn. 

Job printing— Edward P. Olsen, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Successful farming and stock raising— S. E. Stickney, Wyattville, 
Minn. 

Plain and ornamental printing and job composition— J. E. Purdum, 
Jacksonville, Ark. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THED EAF 93 

Long service as a teacher— William H. Weeks, Hartford, Conn. 

Job composition and work on the "Housekeeper"— Frederick Brant, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Shoe-repairing, sewed soles— James R. Hine, Waterbury, Conn. (Em- 
ployed 51 years.) 

Shoe- repairing, pegged soles— Samuel Bonner, Hartford, Conn. (Em- 
ployed S3 years.) 

"How to Understand Without Sound" — Miss Mary Couplin, Delta, 
Colo. 

Half-tone engraving of Dr. E. A. Fay, by J. C. Bertram, Tacoma. 

Pyrography — Lyman M. Hunt, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

"Bits of History" — John Emery Crane, Hartford, Conn. 



The report of the Auditing Committee was adopted. 

REPORT OF THE AUDITING COMMITTEE 

With the exception of Voucher 28 (E. C. Wyand), which is unpaid 
at date, above account examined and found correct. 

P. L. Axling, Chairman, 
Harry G. Long, 
Anton Schroeder, 

Auditing Committee. 
Colorado Springs, August 13, 1910. 



Mr. A. W. Wright : I move that the Association proceed to consider 
the amendment proposed by Mr. O. Hanson, and seconded by myself, per- 
mitting voting by proxy and by mail, as a substitute for all of Article VII 
of our present Constitution. 

AMENDMENT TO CONSTITUTION ADOPTED 

Moved that all of Article VII be struck out and the following sub- 
stituted : 

Article VII. Voting by Proxy and by Mail 

Section 1. Persons not present at a Convention may vote by proxy 
in the election of officers, and on any other question that may be decided 
by a majority of the members present at the Convention. 

Sec. 2. In voting proxies, no one person shall cast more than two 
hundred votes. 

Sec. 3. Voting by mail may be authorized by the Executive Com- 
mittee on any subject not inconsistent with action taken in Convention. 
Action taken in Convention shall take precedence of action taken by mail. 

Sec. 4. The Executive Committee is authorized and instructed to 
make such rules as may be deemed suitable for carrying into effect the 
provisions of this article. 

Seconded by Mr. J. F. Meagher, and carried. 



94 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Mr. W. H. Rothert invited the Association to meet in Omaha in 
1913 and read invitations from the business organizations of his city. 

Rev. Mr. Michaels, in a stirring address, presented the claims of 
Atlanta. 

Mr. C. H. Loucks tendered an invitation from the citizens of Aber- 
deen, S. D. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud read a letter of invitation from St. Louis business 
men. 

Mr. XV. H. Rothert moved that the Executive Committee be in- 
structed to select Omaha as the next convention city. Motion was sec- 
onded, but lost. 

Rev. J. H. Cloud moved that the Executive Committee take a mail 
vote to decide on the place of holding the next convention. Seconded. 

Rev. P. J. Hasenstab: I offer as a substitute motion to refer the 
whole matter to the Executive Committee. 

This amendment, duly seconded, passed. 

INVITATIONS FROM CITIES DESIRING THE NEXT CONVEN- 
TION OF THE N. A. D. 

(Condensed) 

Later, the Executive Committee considered the following offers : 

Atlanta. — The Atlanta deaf, the Atlanta Division, N. F. S. D., the 
Mayor, the Georgia State Association of the Deaf, the Atlanta Chamber 
of Commerce and the Governor extended invitations. The Southern dele- 
gates at the Congress made a verbal pledge of $1,500, and Rev. Mr. 
Michaels pledged himself to raise $1,500 more. Atlanta later withdrew. 

Omaha. — The deaf of Omaha and the Commercial Club extended 
invitations. Literature descriptive of Omaha and its advantages as a 
convention city was sent out. 

Aberdeen, S. D. — Citizens offered $500 and later increased this to 
$1,000, but for the sake of harmony it was thought best to withdraw, from 
the race. 

St. Louis. — The offer was indefinite, and an inquiry for further in- 
formation was unanswered. 

Buffalo. — The Chamber of Commerce and Manufacturers' Club offered 
a free convention hall. Mrs. G. E. M. Nelson endeavored to enlist the 
interest of prominent citizens, but no specific proposition, except the above, 
was received. 

Cleveland. — The Cleveland Association of the Deaf promised a large 
auditorium, cheap rates at the Y. W. C. A. dining-room, and a sum of 
money sufficient to insure the delegates a good time. Cleveland's attrac- 
tions and comparative coolness in summer were mentioned. 

Minneapolis. — Money necessary to entertain the convention in proper 
style was pledged. 

Kalamazoo. — The Mayor extended a cordial invitation, but no specific 
inducements were mentioned. 

Atlantic City, N. J. — The invitation came from the Bureau of 
Publicity, Atlantic City Hotel Men's Association and the Atlantic City 
Business League, and was indefinite. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 95 

Mr. E. A. Hodgson read the following communication bearing on the 
matter of repairs needed in the Gallaudet Monument on the grounds of 
the Hartford School: 

THE GALLAUDET MONUMENT AT HARTFORD 

LETTER FROM THE GALLAUDET MONUMENT ASSOCIATION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

(Condensed) 

The Gallaudet Monument at Hartford was erected with money con- 
tributed solely by the deaf of America. It was unveiled Sept. 6, 1854. 
The design of the monument was made by Albert Newsam. John Car- 
lin executed the sculptured group showing Gallaudet teaching Alice 
Cogswell. The work was erected by James G. Batterson and the sculptor 
Argenti. 

The monument consists as follows: A platform of Quincy granite, 
six feet ten inches square and ten inches thick; a granite pedestal, six 
feet square and one foot thick; a marble base, five feet three inches 
square and eighteen inches thick; a column, two feet six inches square at 
the base, rising eleven feet; surmounting the column a globe. The whole 
monument is twenty feet six inches high. The cost was about $2,500. 

The monument is now crumbling to ruins. If not replaced within a 
few years, it will become an unsightly object. 

The New England Gallaudet Association has raised $32.32 as the 
nucleus of a repair fund. An expert has estimated that $1,525 will replace 
the entire monument, with the exception of the granite foundation and 
pedestal, which are intact. 

It is imperative that the monument be restored before the cele- 
bration of the Gallaudet Centennial at Hartford in 1917. 

Herman R. Erbe, Chairman; 
John E. Crane, Treasurer ; 
Mary E. Atkinson, Secretary; 
Dana B. Taylor, Ways and Means; 
Edgar C. Luther, Ways and Means. 

Upon motion of Mr. Hodgson, and seconded by Rev. Mr. Hasenstab, 
the matter was referred to the Executive Committee. 

(Secretary's Note. — The communication was accompanied by a plan 
showing the proposed improvements. The drawing is in the hands of 
the Secretary at the present time.) 

Upon motion, duly seconded, the Convention voted to adjourn sine die. 




Secretary pro tern. 
Attest : 

The above is a true record of the proceedings of the Ninth Convention 
of the National Association of the Deaf and Third World's Congress of 

2re09tae Mm. veaifo. President. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 9? 



APPENDIX 



The Secretary has on file copies of various amendments proposed by 
Mrs. Bessie Veditz, Mr. Olof Hanson and Mr. Anson R. Spear, which 
have appeared in print in various newspapers, but which are herein omitted, 
by order of the Committee on Printing, on account of lack of space. 



Report of N. A. D. Delegate to the N. E. A. 

Convention 

BY REV. E. CLAYTON WYAND, BOSTON, MASS. 

(Condensed) 

Mr. Wyand attended the National Education Association in Boston, 
July 2-8, 1910, on commission from the National Association of the Deaf. 

Educators of the deaf present were Miss Fuller and staff of the Horace 
Mann School, Boston; Dr. Fay, Gallaudet College; Prof. Ray, North 
Carolina; Superintendent R. O. Johnson, Indiana; and about thirty lady 
oral teachers, who were in New England for the summer taking oral 
training. 

Miss Mabel Adams, of the Horace Mann School, in a paper, asserted 
it cost the State about one-third as much to educate a deaf child in a 
day school as in a State or residential school; that the day school is more 
desirable; that she hoped to see all State schools broken up into day 
schools. She looked forward to the time when "teacher and pupil can 
make an explanatory gesture without reproach; and the right of the deaf 
of mature years to converse in any language they choose shall never be 
questioned." 

Mr. Wyand replied in substance: That pupils of day schools are sub- 
ject to trouble and danger in making daily trips between home and school; 
that the Mt. Airy Oral School is about the most expensive school of its 
kind; that her statement that the institution course of study is usually 
higher than the day school course was an admission that the Combined 
System is superior to the oral method. 

Sign language pamphlet No. 2 was distributed at one of the sessions. 

Superintendent Harris Taylor, of the Lexington Avenue School, New 
York, read a paper, "Oralism in Oral Schools." In it he declared that 
oral schools are the best for the deaf ; that there are over eighty pure oral 
schools, and another year would see more. 

Mr. Wyand replied: There are just 79 pure oral schools. Of these 
there are: 8 state schools with 1,292 pupils (600 being in the Mt. Airy 
School); 63 oral day schools with 1,170 pupils; 8 denominational and 
private schools with 104 pupils; a total of 2,566 pupils in 79 oral schoofs. 



98 PROCEEDINGS OP THE N. A. D. 

There are 67 state Combined System schools with about 9,500 pupils. 

Of the 79 oral schools, 34 have a total of 198 pupils, ranging from 1 
to 9 pupils each; 7 have 10 pupils each; 10 have less than 25 each. 

Illinois has 15 oral "day schools with a total of 240 pupils. The state 
Combined System school has 430 pupils. 

In Wisconsin there are 51 teachers for 264 pupils in the various oral 
day schools; the state Combined System school has 19 teachers for 200 
pupils. 

The Combined System schools have sent graduates to various hearing 
colleges: Harvard, University of Pennsylvania, Cornell, University of 
California, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and some have studied 
abroad, in Paris and Italy. 

At the close of the discussion, President Van Cleve, of the N. E. A., 
said : "It is clear that the Combined System is still the best." 



Moving Picture Fund Report 

A final report of the contributions to the Moving Picture Fund 
is herewith included as a matter of record, compiled by my assistant, Mr. 
W. E. Dean, in charge of my books. 

RECEIPTS 

Alabama $ 7.65 

Arkansas 200.14 

California 427.15 

Colorado 423.96 

Connecticut 29.47 

District of Columbia 10.00 

Florida 4.35 

Georgia 8.50 

Illinois -- 126.00 

Indiana 168.00 

Iowa 76.80 

Kansas 142.40 

Kentucky 10.00 

Louisiana 313.70 

Maryland 122.00 

Massachusetts 128.23 

Michigan 73.20 

Minnesota 35.97 

Mississippi 100.75 

Missouri 38.70 

Montana 12.75 

Nebraska 287.75 

New Jersey 42.85 

New Mexico 8.10 

New York 204.60 

North Carolina 20.00 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 99 

North Dakota 12805 

9Jjj°. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. 223.H 

Oklahoma 414 24 

Oregon : ZZZZZZZZZZZZZ 228.00 

Pennsylvania 134.04 

Rhode Island " " jOq 

South Carolina _ ZZZZZ 219!l0' 

South Dakota ZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.Z 113!l3 

Tennessee 110 

t«»s ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ 206.70 

Utah _ 26.00 

X! rg J ma 6.75 

Washington ; _ 170.35 

West Virginia 10&65 

Wisconsin _ 72.2Q-- 

Miscellaneous (Tag Day) _ 27.43 

Interest on money deposited in banks from July 5, iiJlO, to October 

1. 1912 1..'. .: 290.27 



$5,387.57 

EXPENDITURES 

Postage $ 44.92 

Printing and stationery _ 108.67 

Film account 617.59 

Prizes 39JOO 

Auditor McBride 20.00 

Bond company 12.50 

Incidentals 13.03 

Balance 4,531^86 



$5,387.57 
October 1, 1912, cash on hand $4,531.86 

It is not my desire to repeat what has already been announced in the 
press, of our work and plans. Unusual difficulties confront us, but we are 
proceeding slowly but surely, and once under full sway, we hope to have a 
new set of films ready every year. 

Mr. Roy J. Stewart, of 1008 Park Roads, N. W., Washington, D. €., 
is Business Manager for the Committee, and parties desiring to secure 
the use of the Gallaudet Lecture and College Scenes films, or other films 
that may be added, should write direct to him. 

For any other communications on Moving Picture matters, correspon- 
dence is solicited by any of the following members of the Committee: 

Frank R. Gray, 2026 Perrysville Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Chas. H. Loucks, President Trent State Bank, Trent, S. D. 

Owen G. Carrell, School for the Deaf, Austin, Texas. 

Oscar H. Regensburg, Chairman. 
Venice, October 1, 1912. 



100 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 



Report of the Local Committee 

In addition to making arrangements for the reception and entertain- 
ment of the delegates, the Local Committee undertook the task of adver- 
tising the Congress and the Association, and for this purpose began early 
to secure the necessary funds. 

General Wm. J. Palmer, of Colorado Springs, in 1907 not only donated 
one hundred dollars, but extended an invitation for the Convention to 
partake of either a banquet or a luncheon at Glen Eyrie. The General's 
death the following year cancelled the invitation, but his subscription en- 
abled the Committee to begin the work of interesting the deaf of the 
entire country in the coming Congress. 

Through the assistance of Hon. Patrick F. Gill, of St. Louis, the 
State Department at Washington was interested in the international fea- 
ture of the Congress, and undertook to forward through its ambassadors 
and ministers abroad invitations to the governments of Austria-Hungary, 
Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Italy, 
Mexico, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, Canada, the Neth- 
erlands, New Zealand, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the 
Chinese Empire, Japan, the German Empire, Argentine, Cape Colony and 
British India. All of these governments officially acknowledged the in- 
vitation, but only China sent accredited envoys in the persons of Hon. 
Li Yung Yew and Mr. Kee Owyang. The inference is that the deaf 
are not yet regarded as of sufficient importance for the governments of 
their countries to send representatives abroad to attend gatherings for 
their uplift and welfare. 

Through the good offices of Hon. John A. Martin, of Colorado, and 
Senator Charles J. Hughes, Jr., bills were introduced in Congress asking 
for an appropriation of $5,000 for the purposes of the Congress, but the 
measure failed. Had it succeeded it is not difficult to imagine the wider 
scope of influence that would have been exerted in behalf of the Congress. 

Prominent deaf-mutes in all parts of the country interested them- 
selves in this measure and appealed to their senators and representatives 
in congress to favor the appropriation. 

The Committee during the three years of its existence held about 
twenty meetings, some in Colorado Springs and some in Denver, the 
transportation of the members being covered by something like three 
hundred dollars' worth of advertising in the Souvenir Program, the Deaf 
American and Deaf-Mutes? Journal. 

The Souvenir Program, here referred to, was a pamphlet of twenty- 
four pages, tastefully embellished with illustrations of Colorado scenery 
and cuts of the officers, besides giving the program and much necessary 
information in detail. 

The Committee is under grateful obligations to the Superintendent and 
Trustees of the Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind, who not only 
placed the splendid auditorium of the school at the disposal of the Con- 
gress for its meetings, but also tendered the delegates a reception on 
Monday evening, and furnished a toothsome luncheon in the pavilion at 
Stratton Park on Thursday. 

The authorities and citizens, as well as the press of Colorado Springs, 
were also greatly interested, the City Council appropriating $200, and 
citizens contributing $634, while the newspapers made it the best adver- 
tised convention in the history of the Association. 

A summary of receipts and disbursements is appended. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 101 
RECEIPTS 

Secured by Mr. Veditz from: 

Gen. Wm. J. Palmer $ 100.00 

The City Council of Colorado Springs 200.00 

Simon Guggenheim 100.00 

Colorado Springs Clearing House Association 100.00 

W. F. R. Mills : 100.00 $ 600.00 

Secured by Mr. Bates from citizens of Colorado Springs 234.00 

Secured by Mr. Smith from advertisements in the Souvenir 

Program 155.00 

Proceeds of lecture in Denver by Mr. Veditz 30.00 

Donated by the Denver Deaf-Mute Society 25.00 

Commissions from sale of photographs by A. L. Pach 12.33 

From sale of souvenir post cards 3.75 

Donated by Royal Cafe, Denver, through Mr. Lessley 3.00 

From sale of Banquet tickets 193.75 

Total receipts $1,256.83 

EXPENDITURES 

To advertising _ $ 7.40 

To printing 7.10 

To stationery 1 1 .90 

To typewriting 8.00 

To postage 56.39 

To 1000 Souvenir Invitations, Printing and Mailing 23.75 

To 5000 Souvenir Post Cards, Engraving and Printing 25.00 

To telegrams to Congressman Martin, et al 2.35 

To Souvenir Program, Engraving, Printing and Mailing 104.55 

To Chas. L. Schindler, for 500 Badges 40.15 

To Expenses and Commissions as follows : 

Stephen McGinnity $ 19.50 

Alfred Bates 33.40 

H. S. Smith 31.00 

Miss Linnie Kennedy 3.00 $ 86.90 

To Industrial Exhibit as follows: 

Printing Diplomas and mailing same $ 22.52 

Freight, Express and Drayage 9.20 $ 31.72 

To Hauling Mat for Wrestling Match and Outfit for Wrestlers.. 5.75 

To Repairing Lantern Slides for Mr. Regensburg 2.75 

To Cigars at Cheyenne Canon Outing 5.50 

To Delinquent Laundry at Alamo Hotel .65 

To P. J. Hasenstab, for Services as Secretary's Assistant 6.13 

To Albany Hotel, Denver, for Reception, Aug. 6 40.00 

To Chas. L. Maydwell, for Auto Ride in Denver, Aug. 6 120.83 

To C. S. & I. R. R. for Fares, Manitou and Return, Aug. 9 63.50 

To Alamo Hotel, for Banquet, Aug. 11, and Ball and Recep- 
tion, Aug. 13 315.50 

To Waterman Press for printing Banquet Menus and Tickets.... 14.50 

To C. D. Weimer, for Admission to Seven Falls 75.00 

To Collins & Barkey, Refreshments at Ball in Stratton Park 27.20 

Total expenditures $1,082.52 



402 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Total receipts $1,256.83 

Total expenditures 1,082.52 

Balance $ 174.31 

Draft for $174.31 mailed Mr. Regensburg, Oct. 28, 1910. 

Respectfully submitted, 

George Wm. Veditz, Chairman, 
Mrs. George Wm. Veditz, 
Mrs. Floyd O. Mount, 
Mrs. John C. Winemiller, 
Miss Marion E. Ritchie, 
John C. Winemiller, 
Alfred Bates, 
Floyd O. Mount, 
F. A. Lessley, 
Edward P. McGowan, 
H. S. Smith, 

Local Committee. 



Three Views of the Educated Deaf by Promi- 
nent Educators 

A view of the Colorado Convention by Prof. Hall of Gallaudet College 
in the Annals: 

"The gathering of educated deaf people from all parts of the United 
States was a most notable one, because of the number present, the stand- 
ard of mental and financial attainment shown by the delegates, the val- 
uable papers presented, and the determined stand taken in favor of broad 
methods of educating the deaf." 

Another view, by Dr. W. K. Argo, superintendent of the Colorado 
School, in a letter written to a friend in Kentucky: 

"It was a fine-looking body of intelligent men and women, bent on get- 
ting the most out of the meeting, both of pleasure and profit, and the 
proceedings were as orderly and as dignified as it was possible to have 
them. And the best of it all was that the people with whom the visitors 
came in contact in their hotels, boarding houses, street cars, etc., were 
delighted and charmed with them, their good humor, gracious manners 
and evident sincerity and honesty. It was a pleasure to have them here 
and a comfort to see how successful so many had been in overcoming 
their handicap. I am bound to believe that the man or women who has 
fought persistently against such heavy odds and has won out will have 
a little brighter crown up yonder and none will cast an envious eye upon 
him for it." 

Dr. Chas. W. Ely, principal of the Maryland School for the Deaf, 
Frederick, Md., in a private letter, wrote: 

"The Convention marks a decided step forward in the influence of 
the adult deaf, and it will be to the interest of principals and teachers 
to attend the future meetings. It should also stimulate the adult deaf 
to attend and contribute in every way to the work of forwarding the 
efforts in behalf of the deaf." 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 103 

Report of the Committee on Federation 

AS SUBMITTED AT THE NORFOLK CONVENTION 



CONS TITUTION 

PREAMBLE 



For the purpose of promoting the general welfare of the deaf of the 
United States there is hereby formed a Federation. 

ARTICLE I. Name 

This Federation shall be called the National Association of the Deaf. 

ARTICLE II. Membership 

Section 1. Any duly organized State association of the deaf in the 
United States may become a member of the National Association as 
hereinafter provided. 

Sec 2. Not more than one association from any one State may be- 
come a member of the National Association. 

Sec. 3. Application for membership must be made in writing to the 
president of the National Association, and by him submitted to the Na- 
tional Executive Committee. Said application must be signed by the 
president and secretary of the association applying for membership, and 
who, in so doing, are acting under instructions of said State association. 
The application must contain an affidavit giving the number of active 
members in good standing and the amount of dues received from said 
members, these members to be residents of the State represented by the 
applicant. A majority of the National Executive Committee concurring, 
said association may then be admitted to membership upon the payment 
of the initiation fee (see By-Law I, Section 1), and may remain as such 
upon paying the triennial membership dues. (See By-Law I, Section 2.) 

Sec. 4. Each State association that has acquired membership in the 
National Association shall be allowed to vote in elections, in passing upon 
motions, and in other business at conventions of this Association, equiva- 
lent to ten per cent, of its active membership in good standing. Said vote 
may be cast by a properly appointed delegate or delegates, or may be cast 
as a unit, by proxy, duly authorized by the State association concerned, 
this in case there is no delegate in attendance at the convention as repre- 
sentative of said State association. 

Sec. 5. Each State association, through its president and secretary, 
shall, when the date of each National Convention has been announced, 
file with the secretary of the National Association a sworn statement of 
the number of its active members in good standing, and the amount of 
dues received from same, this for the purpose of determining its triennial 
assessment (see By-Law I, Section 2) and the number of votes to which 
it is entitled in the National Convention. (Article II, Section 4.) 



104 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

ARTICLE III. Officers 

Section 1. The officers of the National Association shall consist of 
a president, six vice-presidents, a secretary and a treasurer, not more than 
one officer to come from any one State. 

Sec. 2. The officers of the National Association shall be elected sepa- 
rately, by ballot, on the last day of each convention, by a majority vote of 
all duly qualified members voting at the organization of each convention 
of the National Association, as provided in Article II of the Constitution. 
Said officers must be members in good standing of State associations that 
have been duly admitted to membership in the National Association. 

Sec. 3. The newly elected officers shall assume their respective offices 
immediately after election. 

Sec. 4. No member of a State association which is a member in 
good standing of the National Association shall be eligible for office un- 
less he is present at the National Convention as a properly appointed dele- 
gate of his State association. 

ARTICLE IV. Duties of Officers 

Section 1. The President. It shall be the duty of the President of 
the National Association to preside at its meetings in National Convention, 
and to appoint a committee of five delegates on resolutions and such 
other committees as may be provided for in this Constitution and By- 
Laws, and to perform other duties elsewhere hereinafter specified. 

Sec. 2. The Vice-Presidents. The Vice-Presidents shall, in the order 
of their rank, fill the office of President when the latter is unable to dis- 
charge the duties of his office. 

Sec. 3. The Secretary. The Secretary shall record the minutes of 
all meetings of the National Association, and of the Executive Committee. 
He shall keep a list of all State associations that are members of the 
National Association, with the names and addresses of the president and 
secretary, and of the number of individual members in good standing of 
each. He shall have charge of all documents, etc., of the National Asso- 
ciation, except those of the President in his capacity as chairman of the 
National Executive Committee, and those of the Treasurer, and those 
otherwise ordered by the Executive Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Treasurer. The Treasurer shall receive all moneys be- 
longing to the National Association. He shall make no disbursements of 
such moneys unless on orders signed by the President and authorized 
either by a National Convention direct, or by the Executive Committee. 
He shall make a report of the finances of this Association at each Na- 
tional Convention, or whenever called upon to do so by the President 
or by the Executive Committee. He shall preserve all vouchers. He shall 
send notice of dues to the State association presidents and secretaries six 
months before each National Convention. He shall give bond in such 
sum as the Executive Committee may decide upon. 

ARTICLE V. The National Executive Committee 

Section 1. The National Executive Committee shall consist of the 
board of officers. The President of the National Association shall be, 
ex-ofUcio, chairman of the Executive Committee, and shall render a report 
of the work of the Committee at the next convention before the election of 
officers. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 105 

Sec 2. The National Executive Committee shall have general conduct 
of the affairs of the Association from the adjournment of the convention 
at which it was elected to the beginning of the next. It shall aim to 
carry out the expressed will of the National Association to the extent of 
its ability. It shall have power to appropriate any available funds of the 
Association for the purposes tending to promote its welfare, or the welfare 
of the deaf at large. No expenditures not directly authorized by the 
Association in convention shall be made without the consent of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee. It shall turn over to its successor all papers, docu- 
ments, etc., it may have belonging to the Association. 

ARTICLE VI. National Conventions 

Section 1. The National Association shall meet in convention three 
years after the adjournment of each convention, unless circumstances 
call for an earlier meeting, or a postponement, as the Executive Com- 
mittee, by a two-thirds vote, may decide. 

Sec. 2. The place of holding each succeeding National Convention 
shall be decided by the Executive Committee, and shall be announced by 
its chairman at least six months in advance. 

Sec. 3. The President shall then issue an official call for such 
convention. 

ARTICLE VII 

The Constitution and By-Laws shall go into effect immediately upon 
ratification by nine or more State associations that thus signify their 
intention of becoming members of the National Association. The Executive 
Committee then in office shall continue until the next convention when 
re-organization shall be effected according to the provisions of the Con- 
stitution and By-Laws. 

ARTICLE VIII. Amendments 

A motion to amend the Constitution or By-Laws of the National 
Association must be submitted in writing to the President and published 
by him in the leading newspapers of the deaf at least sixty days before 
the meeting of the Association in National Convention. Such amendment 
shall require a two-thirds vote for its adoption, a quorum voting. Nine 
State associations duly represented at the Convention shall constitute a 
quorum. 

BY-LAWS 

ARTICLE I. Finances 

Section 1. Initiation Fee. Each State association applying for mem- 
bership shall be required to pay an initiation fee of fifteen per cent, of the 
total amount of its membership fees obtained from members in good 
standing at the time of suoh application. Such initiation fee shall cover 
and include all dues for the triennial period until the next convention. 

Sec. 2. After the expiration of the initiation fee period, the mem- 
bership dues of each State association shall be ten per cent, of the total 
amount of the individual membership fees of such State association, said 
dues also to cover a period of three years. 



106 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Sec. 3. The delegates of no State association that has acquired 
membership in the National Association shall be allowed to vote on the 
permanent organization of the Convention of the National Association, 
or to hold office, or to have a place on any committee, where such State 
association is in arrears for non-payment of its triennial dues. 

ARTICLE II. Rules of Order 

The proceedings of the Association shall be governed by ordinary par- 
liamentary practice, and in case of disputes on any question of parliamen- 
tary practice, "Roberts' Rules of Order" shall be regarded as authoritative 
on all such points. 

ARTICLE III. Opening the Convention 

The President of the National Association shall open the proceedings 
of each National Convention by calling the meeting to order, and reading 
the official call. In the absence of the President, this duty shall be dis- 
charged by the senior Vice-President, in order of rank, present. 

ARTICLE IV. The Local Committee 

Section 1. As soon as the place for holding each National Conven- 
tion has been decided upon, the President of the National Association 
shall appoint a committee, composed of persons not necessarily connected 
with the Association, which shall make the best possible arrangements for 
the reception and entertainment of the delegates and guests. 

Sec. 2. The President of the National Association shall be, ex-oMcio, 
a member of the Local Committee. Said Local Committee shall not enter 
into contracts involving expenditures or concessions not directly concerned 
with the reception and entertainment of delegates and guests of the 
Convention without first submitting the bids for said contracts to the 
President for approval, withholding of said approval being equivalent to 
a rejection of said bids. In case of an appeal to the National Executive 
Committee, the decision of that body shall be final. 

ARTICLE V. The Program Committee 

At least three months before the time for holding each National Con- 
vention, the President of the National Association shall appoint a com- 
mittee of three persons, including himself as chairman, to prepare a 
program for the convention, which shall be made public in the leading 
newspapers for the deaf at least sixty days in advance. 

ARTICLE VI. Committee on Publication 

The retiring President, as chairman, and the retiring Secretary, to- 
gether with the newly elected Secretary, shall constitute a committee to 
publish the proceedings of each National Convention just adjourned. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 107 



Constitution and By-Laws of the National 
Association of the Deaf 



The National Association of the Deaf was incorporated February 23, 
1900, under the laws of the District of Columbia, and has all the respon- 
sibilities, powers, rights and privileges of a corporation. 

The Articles of Incorporation are in conformity with Chapter XV, 
Section 28 et seq. of the Compiled Statutes in Force in the District of 
Columbia, and are as follows : 

First. That the title by which this Society shall be known in law shall 
be The National Association of the Deaf. 

Second. That the term for which this incorporation shall continue 
shall be twenty-five years. 

Third. That the objects of this Society shall be (a) the improvement, 
development and extension of Schools for the Deaf throughout the world, 
and especially in the United States, — the members of this Society being 
nearly all graduates of such schools ; (b) the intellectual, professional and 
industrial improvement and the social enjoyment of the members through 
(c) correspondence, consultation, the forming of branch societies, and the 
holding of national conventions at such- times and places as may be ap- 
pointed by the officers and managers in accordance with the Constitution 
and By-Laws of the Society. 



CONSTITUTION 

(Adopted at the Sixth Convention of the Association, held at St. 
Paul, Minn., July 11-14, 1899; amended at the Eighth Convention, held at 
Norfolk, Va., July 4-6, 1907, and at Colorado Springs, Colo., August 6-13, 
1910.) 

PREAMBLE 

For the purpose of promoting the general welfare of the deaf, we 
hereby form ourselves into an association. 

ARTICLE I. Name 

This Association shall be called the "National Association of the 
Deaf." 

ARTICLE II. Membership 

Any deaf citizen of the United States may become a member of this 
Association upon the payment of the initiation fee (see By-Law I, Section 
1) and may remain as such upon paying the annual membership due. 
(By-Law I, Section 2.) 



108 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

ARTICLE III. Officers 

Section 1. The officers of the Association shall consist of a President, 
four Vice-Presidents, a Secretary and a Treasurer. 

Sec. 2. The officers of the Association shall be elected separately by 
ballot on the last day of the Convention by a majority vote of all duly 
qualified members voting at the permanent organization of each national 
convention of the Association. 

Sec 3. The newly elected officers shall assume their respective offices 
immediately after election. 

Sec. 4. No member of the Association who is absent from the Con- 
vention shall be eligible to office, but may be placed on the Executive 
Committee, as provided in Article V, Section 1. 

ARTICLE IV. Duties of Officers 

Section 1. It shall be the duty of the President of the Association 
to preside at its meetings in national convention, and to appoint com- 
mittees of five members, respectively, on Enrollment, on Resolutions, and 
such other committees as may be provided for in this Constitution and 
By-Laws, and to perform other duties that are mentioned elsewhere in the 
Constitution and By-Laws. 

Sec. 2. The Vice-Presidents shall fill the office of the President when 
the latter is unable to discharge the duties of his office. 

Sec. 3. The Secretary shall record the minutes of all meetings of 
the Association. He shall keep a list of the members of the Association, 
giving the full name, together with the postoffice address. He shall have 
charge of all documents, etc., belonging to the Association except those of 
the Treasurer, and except those otherwise ordered by the Executive 
Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Treasurer shall receive all moneys belonging to the As- 
sociation, keep an account of the receipts and expenditures, and shall 
make a report of the state of the finances of the Association whenever 
called upon to do so by the Association. He shall preserve all vouchers. 
He shall send notice of the dues to members annually on the first day 
of May. He shall give bond in such sum as the Executive Committee 
may decide upon. 

ARTICLE V. National Executive Committee 

Section 1. The National Executive Committee shall consist of the 
President of the Association, who shall be, ex-ofUcio, chairman, and eight 
other members, to be appointed by the President from the general mem- 
bership of the Association; provided, however, that no State shall have 
more than one member of the committee assigned to it. 

Sec. 2. The National Executive Committee shall have general con- 
duct of the affairs of the Association from the time of its appointment 
until the appointment of its successor. It shall aim to carry out the ex- 
pressed will of the Association as far as circumstances may render it 
wise and allowable. It shall have power to appropriate any available 
funds of the Association for purposes tending to promote its welfare. 
No expenditure, not directly authorized by the Association in conven- 
tion, shall be made without its (the Executive Committee's) consent. 
It shall turn over to its successors all papers, documents, etc., it may 
have, belonging to the Association. 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 109, 

ARTICLE VI. National Conventions 

Section 1. The Association shall meet in national convention three 
years after the adjournment of each convention, unless circumstances call 
for an earlier meeting or a postponement, as the Executive Committee, by' 
a two-thirds vote, may decide. •' 

Sec 2. The place of holding each succeeding National Convention 
shall be decided by the Executive Committee and announced at least 
three months in advance. 

Sec. 3. The President shall then issue an official call for such con- 
vention. 

ARTICLE VII. Voting by Proxy and by Mail 

Section 1. Persons not present at a Convention may vote by proxy 
in the election of officers, and on any other question that may be decided 
by a majority of the members present at the Convention. 

Sec. 2. In voting proxies, no one person shall cast more than two 
hundred votes. 

Sec. 3. Voting by mail may be authorized by the Executive Com- 
mittee on any subject not inconsistent with action taken in convention. 
Action taken in convention shall take precedence of action taken by mail. 

Sec. 4. The Executive Committee is authorized and instructed to 
make such rules as may be deemed suitable for carrying into effect the 
provisions of this Article. 

ARTICLE VIII. Amendments 

A motion to amend the Constitution or By-Laws of the Association 
must be submitted in writing to the President, and published by bin? 
in the leading newspapers for the deaf for at least thirty days before the 
meeting of the Association in National Convention, and then such 
amendment shall require a two-thirds vote, a quorum voting, for its 
adoption. 

BY-LAWS 

ARTICLE I. Fees 

Section 1. The initiation fee of this Association shall be one dollar 
for each member. 

Sec. 2. The annual membership due shall be fifty cents for each 
member, payable on or before June 1st. 

Sec. 3. The fiscal year of the Association shall begin on the 1st ol 
June. 

Sec. 4. No person shall vote on the permanent organization of the 
Convention of this Association who has not first paid his initiation fee, 
or is in arrears. 

ARTICLE II. Rules of Order 

The proceedings of the conventions of this Association shall be gov- 
erned by ordinary parliamentary practice, and in case of dispute on any 
question of parliamentary practice, "Roberts' Rules of Order" shall bfc 
regarded as authority on all such points. 



110 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

ARTICLE III 

The President of the Association shall open the proceedings of each 
National Convention by calling the meeting to order, and reading the 
official call. In the absence of the President, this duty shall devolve upon 
the first, second, third and fourth Vice-Presidents, in succession. 

ARTICLE IV. The Local Committee 

Section 1. At least three months before the time for holding each 
National Convention, the Chairman of the Executive Committee shall 
appoint a Local Committee, not necessarily members of the Association, 
residing in the locality where the Convention is to be held, and this Local 
Committee shall make the best possible arrangements for the reception and 
entertainment of the members of the Association. 

Sec. 2. The Chairman of the Executive Committee shall be, ex- 
oMcio, a member of the Local Committee. The Local Committee shall 
not enter into contracts involving expenditures or concessions not directly 
concerned with the reception and entertainment of members and guests 
of the Convention without first submitting the bids for said contracts to 
the Chairman of the Executive Committee, as its representative, for 
approval; withholding of said approval being equivalent to a rejection of 
said bids. In case of an appeal to the Executive Committee, the decision 
of that body shall be final. 

Sec. 3. At least three months before the time for holding each Na- 
tional Convention, the Chairman of the Executive Committee shall also 
appoint three members, including the President of the Association, who 
shall be chairman of the committee, to prepare a program for the Conven- 
tion, which shall be published at least one month in advance. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



(Compiled by S. M. Freeman, Treasurer.) 

Star (*) indicates new member since August 13, 1910, and up to 
October 1, 1912. Parties will confer a favor by supplying missing ad- 
dress, or giving information of any changes. 

ALABAMA 

Bell, A. M, C. C. F. Bell & Co., Birmingham 
Bronson, Mrs. Anna, care of W. W. Barnes, Florence 
Campbell, Ed. C, Birmingham 
Campbell, Mrs. Ed. C, Birmingham 

Harper, G. H., care of Birmingham Athletic Club, Birmingham 
♦Hofsteater, H. McP, Talladega 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 111 

*Johnson, W. S., 122 Cherry street, Talladega 
♦McCandless, J. W., box 351, Talladega 

McFarlane, J. H., School for the Deaf, Talladega 
♦Robertson, J. M., 219 South street, Talladega 
♦Williams, Smith, School for the Deaf, Talladega 

Wilson, T. d'Arcy, 209 St. Joseph street, Mobile 

CALIFORNIA 

Alexander, Florence, 842 Isabella street, Oakland 

D'Estrella, T. H., School for the Deaf, Berkeley 

Egan, W. B., 251 San Jose avenue, Alameda 
♦Kiene, Arnold, La Jolla 
♦Lewis, Norman V., 2231 South Vermont avenue, Los Angeles 

McDonald, Isabel, Fresno 

Owyang, K., San Francisco 

Palmer, Lee A., R. R. No. 1, Porterville 

Peterson, Miss Rasmine, 101 Woodlawn avenue, San Francisco 

Regensburg, O. H., box 23, Los Angeles 
♦Selig, Isadore, 570 Battery street, San Francisco 

Taylor, Miss Elizabeth, 529 California avenue, Santa Monica 

Terry, Howard L, 918 Seventh street, Santa Monica 

Ward, Mrs. William, 3433 Percy street, Los Angeles 

Waters, W. Lacy, R. F. D. No. 1, Santa Barbara 
♦Williams, Leo C., 472 Monadnock building, San Francisco 

Yew, Li Yung, Chinese Consul, San Francisco 

CONNECTICUT 
Parsons, Newton R., Hazardville 

COLORADO 

Banta, William, Rifle 
Barnes, Thos. R, R. F. D. No. 1, Austin 
Bates, Fred, School for the Deaf, Colorado Springs 
Bates, Mrs. Guertha, School for the Deaf, Colorado Springs 
Burtnett, Edwin R., 601 S. Tejon street, Colorado Springs 
Brittell, Willard, 1026 Sierra Madre, Colorado Springs 
Cavanagh, Thos. B., box 358, Greeley 
Chaney, Frank H., 12 S. Tejon street, Colorado Springs 
Clarke, W. S., 1744 W. Thirty-third avenue, Denver (new address un- 
known) 
Cokefair, Mrs. Leo, Colorado Springs 
Collins, Mrs. Mary R., Fort Collins 
Cunningham, B. W., 2039 Boulevard "F," Denver 
Dixon, R. B. Mrs 1655 Wolfe street, Denver 
Dixon, R. B., 1655 Wolfe street, Denver 
Dunbar, Flora, Monte Vista 
Hollenbeck, Olive, Fort Collins 

Holmes, Miss Annie, 23 S. Weber street, Colorado Springs 
Howe, Perry B., Durango 
Janovich, Stephen, Rockvale 

Jensen, Mabel, 3300 E. Thirty-fourth avenue, Denver 
Johnson, Morris Albert, Golden 
Jones, C. P., 327 W. Vermijo avenue, Colorado Springs 



112 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Kennedy, Hattie M., 1761 Washington street, Denver (present address 

unknown) 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. P., 2107 Royer street, Colorado Springs 
Kent, A. L., Denver 

Kent, Mrs. A. L., 4363 Decatur street, Denver 
Lessley, Frank A., 3S06 Lowell boulevard, Denver 
Loughran, Enos, 415 Kalamath street, Colorado Springs 
Loughran, Mrs. E. B., 415 Kalamath street, Colorado Springs 
McGowan, Mrs. E. P., 3218 Marion street, Denver 
McGowan, Edward P., 3218 Marion street, Denver 
Maneval, Miss Alice, Colorado Springs (present address unknown) 
Mawhiney, Miss Bonita, 909 Lincoln avenue, Colorado Springs 
Meddings, Miss Elsie, 422 Polk street, Pueblo 
Miles, Chas., Steamboat Springs 
Mount, Floyd, 4309 W. Thirty-fifth avenue, Denver 
Mount, Mrs. Floyd, 4309 W. Thirty-fifth avenue, Denver 
Murray, French W., Clifford 
Nichols, Miss Beatrice, Black Hawk 
Northern, Thos. Y., Rocky Ford 
Northern, Mrs. Thos. Y., Rocky Ford 
Ritchie, Miss Ethel, 534 E. Platte avenue, Colorado Springs 
Rosson, Walter, Manzanola 
Rosson, Lester B., Haswell 
Roller, Winnie, Salida 
Rodgers, John E., Boulder 

Sabott, Joseph, care of Colorado Bedding Co., Pueblo 
Shaner, Jos., 2717 W. Thirteenth avenue, Denver 
Shields, Lloyd, 749 W. First street, Florence 
Smith, Elmer E., 3506 Lowell boulevard, Denver 
Smith, H. Stewart, Colorado Springs 
Studt, Ada, R. F. D. No. 1, Grand Valley 
Veditz, George Wm., 414 N. Custer avenue, Colorado Springs 
Veditz, Mrs. George Wm., 414 N. Custer avenue, Colorado Springs 
Winemiller, Mrs. J. C, 1112 N. Cedar street, Colorado Springs 
Winemiller, J. C, 1112 N. Cedar street, Colorado Springs 
Young, Sadie, Colorado Springs 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

Craven, Bird L., care of Superintendent Fay, Blue Plains 

Drake, Harley D., Gallaudet College, Washington 

Drake, Mrs. H. D., Gallaudet College, Washington 

Draper, Dr. A. G., Gallaudet College, Washington 

Harrison, Mrs. Ferd, Washington 

Hauberg, Miss Margaret, 1024 Twenty-eight street, Washington 

Hotchkiss, J. B., Gallaudet College, Washington 
♦Lynn, Walter, National Soldiers' Home, Dairy Dept., Washington 
♦Merrill, Herbert C, 1012 Ninth street, N. E., Washington 

Stewart, Roy J., 1008 Park Road, N. W., Washington 

BRITISH COLUMBIA 
Isackson, Gilbert, South Hill P. O., Vancouver 

CUBA 
Jackson, Gayborne L., Camaguay (present address unknown) 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 113 

GEORGIA 

Freeman, S. M., Cave Spring 

Hodges, W. J. C, 289 N. Jackson street, Atlanta 

Jackson, Mrs. C. L., care of Foote & Davies, Atlanta 

Jones, John M., Lithonia 

♦Jordan, Thomas J., care of Folsom's Cafe, Atlanta 
*Ligon, Percy W., 2y 2 Walton street, Atlanta 

Philips, Miss Annie M., 291 E. Hunter street, Atlanta (married; present 
address unknown) 

ILLINOIS 

Buell, Horace W., 6515 Yale avenue, Chicago 

Carr, Thos., 61 W. Chestnut street, care of Jos. Walsh, Chicago 

Cohen, Samuel, care of Y. M. C. A., Kedzie avenue and Howard street, 

Chicago 
Cristal, Miss Beulah, 5403 Indiana avenue, Chicago (or Denton, Texas) 
Dougherty, Dr. Geo. T., 67 E. Sixtieth street, Chicago 
Dougherty, Mrs. Geo. T., 67 E. Sixtieth street, Chicago 
Erd, Paul H., Waterloo 

Fawkner, Mrs. F. P., 215 Washington avenue, Cairo 
Fawkner, F. P., 215 Washington avenue, Cairo 
Flick, Rev. G. R, 204 E. Fifty-fifth street, Chicago 
Flick, Mrs. Amelia R., 204 E. Fifty-fifth street, Chicago 
Frank, Ben F., 7 S. Market street, Chicago 
Gates, Hugh H, 242 S. Water street, Decatur 
Gabler, Miss Elizabeth A., School for the Deaf, Jacksonville 
Gibson, F. P., 606 Schiller Building, Chicago 
Grimse, Roy, 1108 Barry avenue, Chicago 
Hasenstab, Rev. P. J., 3241 Forrest avenue, Chicago 
♦Hyman, Fredo, 5050 Calumet avenue, Chicago 
Holway, Leo R., 256 Michigan avenue, Chicago 
Johnson, F. A., 4829 W. Lake street, Chicago 
Knighthart, Mark C, Momence 
Knighthart, Mrs. M. C, Momence 
Lefi, Mrs. H. S., 5022 Grand boulevard, Chicago 
Liebenstein, A. J., 4529 Michigan avenue, Chicago 
McNiece, Miss Nellie F., 720 N. Central avenue, Austin 
McDonald, Mary L, 219 N. Hickory street, Joliet 
Morefield, Nancy, Edwardsville 
Pearson, Oscar, 927 Townsend street, Chicago 
Reinke, Gus J., 7544 Champlain avenue, Chicago 
Reinings, Fannie A., 7243 Green street, Chicago 
Rink, Arthur P., Beardstown 
Rink, Mrs. A. P., Beardstown 
Russell, C. D, La Salle 

Sonneborn, Morton, 5022 Grand boulevard, Chicago 
Sonneborn, Mrs. M., 5022 Grand boulevard, Chicago 
Tilton, W. I., School for the Deaf, Jacksonville 
Toomey, Edw. F., 5247 W. Halsted street, Chicago 
White, John, 1620 Walnut street, Chicago 

INDIANA 

Hayes, Frank M., 157 N. Sixth street, Elkhart 
Johannes, John, 202 Minnesota street, Indianapolis 



114 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Johnson, Mabel C, 712 N. Locke street, Kokomo 

Kinsley, Miss Ida B., 1468 N. New Jersey street, Indianapolis 

Morrow, N. F., 531 N. Meridian street, Indianapolis (present address 

unknown) 
Smith, Miss Vina, School for the Deaf, Indianapolis 
Whitmore, H. W., 1406 Indiana avenue, La Porte 

IOWA 

Barrett, John W., R. F. D. No. 2, Council Bluffs 

Barrett, Mrs. John W., R. F. D. No. 2, Council Bluffs 

Bryan, Harry G., care Boyd Saddlery Co., Des Moines 

Bryan, Mrs. Harry G., Des Moines 

Carr, Miss Constance, 1606 High street, Council Bluffs 

Claus, Albert C, Clare 

Claus, Mrs. Albert C, Clare 

Crosby, Geo. L., Cedar Falls 

Crosby, Mrs. Lucinda, Cedar Falls 

Davis, Fred, 426 E. Sixteenth street, Davenport 

Dawartz, Minnie, 719 Second street, Davenport 

Gifford, Hattie, St. Ansgar 

Herrinton, Fern, Greenville 

Jamison, Fern, Wapello 

Kasson, Henry V., R. R No. 2, box 38, Dubuque 

Long, Harry G., 1324 High street, Council Bluffs 

Long, Mrs. H. G., 1324 High street, Council Bluffs 

Long, Mrs. J. Schuyler, 201 Logan street, Council Bluffs 

Long, J. S., 201 Logan street, Council Bluffs 

McCook, Matt., Riceville 

McCook, Mrs. Matt., Riceville 

McVay, Wm. Burd, Cascade, Dubuque Co. 

Nelson, Edna Standley, Boone 

Nelson, W. A., 512 E. Pleasant street, Davenport 

Nesheim, Martin, School for the Deaf, Council Bluffs 

Orr, Ira A., Columbia City, Tomisa Co. 

Osterberg, C. W., 1412 Third avenue, Cedar Rapids 

Osterberg, Mrs. C. W., 1412 Third avenue, Cedar Rapids 

Poshusta, Walter, 322 W. Fourth street, Mason City 

Pyle, Mrs. Nellie, Marshalltown (now Mrs. B. R. Allabough) 

Quillin, John, Harper's Ferry 

Rendall, Leonard, 4240 Harwood drive, Des Moines 

Robinson, John, Silver City 

Ryan, Miss Anastasia, 163 W. Third street, Dubuque 

Ward, Fred E., Riceville 

Whitmer, Mrs. G. A., Sioux City 

Whitmer, Gibson A., Sioux City 

KANSAS 

Becker, Fred, 1203 Seward avenue, Topeka 

Becker, Mrs. Fred, 1203 Seward avenue, Topeka 

Britt, Mazie, Parsons 

Dusch, John, Hanover 

Fryhofer, Amiel W., Randolph, Riley Co. 

Garnett, Lila Virginia, Latham 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 115 

Harshman, Omar F., 1124 Lincoln street, Topeka 

Hawkins, Lee, Paolo 

Hawkins, Linnie, Paolo 

Hubbard, Paul D., box 153, Olathe 

Little, Miss Lou H, Larned 

Marshall, Deborah, Stafford 

Meldrum, Katharine, School for the Deaf, Olathe 

Miller, Mrs. Clara, Sylvan Grove, Lincoln Co. 

Mitchell, Miss Cora V., 10S S. Jefferson street, Junction City 

Roberts, Arthur L, School for the Deaf, Olathe 

Stephenson, Miss Grace, 307 Monroe street, Topeka 

Thurston, Walter, Blue Hill 

Williams, Miss Edetha, School for the Deaf, Olathe 

KENTUCKY 
Nicholas, Miss Mary S., 1324 S. Third avenue, Louisville 

LOUISIANA 
Appleby, Mrs. Maggie, St. Ansgar 

MARYLAND 

Faupel, Geo. H, School for the Deaf, Frederick 

Moylan, Rev. Daniel E, 740 W. Fayette street, Baltimore 

Trundle, Mrs. J. A., Chesterfield avenue, Centreville 

MASSACHUSETTS 

♦Bigelow, F W., 1242 Morton street, Mattapan 
Fairman, H. M., 18 Wayne street. Worcester 
Wyand, E. C, 1242 Morton street, Dorchester Station, Boston 

MICHIGAN 

*Castle, Benjamin, Howell 

•Colby, Collins C, 510 Superior street, South Haven 
* Corey, Clarence A., General Delivery, Kalamazoo 
*Eickhoff, Mrs. Anna L, School for the Deaf, Flint 
*Eickhoff, J. Arlington, School for the Deaf, Flint 
Hamilton, Bertha, Flint 
♦Hubbard, Willis, 511 W. Third street, Flint 
♦Jones, Florence H, School for the Deaf, Flint 
♦Kaufman, Fred M., School for the Deaf, Flint 
♦Kay, William, Institution for the Blind, Saginaw, W. S. 
♦Levech, Miss Margaret M., 910 W. Second street, Flint 
♦McKee, Miss Fannie, 816 Oak street, Kalamazoo 
♦Stewart, James M., 408 W. Court street, Flint 
♦Taylor, Martin M., 617 Elm street, Kalamazoo 
♦Taylor, Mrs. M. M., 617 Elm street, Kalamazoo 
♦Tellier, Daniel, 1130 W. North street, Kalamazoo 
♦Tripp, Geo. F, School for the Deaf, Flint 
•Van der Kolk, Miss Hester, R. F D. No. 1, Hamilton 



116 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

MINNESOTA 

Bingham, Ernest, 4325 Gillist avenue, Duluth 
Bingham, Mrs. Ernest, 4325 Gillist avenue, Duluth 
Brown, Carrie, 1121 Douglas avenue, Minneapolis 
Early, J. W., 2368 Ellis street, St. Paul 
Brant, Frederick, 2935 Newton avenue, N. Minneapolis 
Howard, J. C, care Howard Investment Co., Duluth 
Schroeder, Anton, 873 Dayton avenue, St. Paul 
Schroeder, Mrs. A., 873 Dayton avenue, St. Paul 
Smith, Dr. J. L., School for the Deaf, Faribault 
Spear, A. R., 420 Third street, N. Minneapolis 
Thompson, Mrs. Chas., 893 Lincoln avenue, St. Paul 

MISSISSIPPI 

Cameron, Duncan A., School for the Deaf, Jackson 
♦Jones, Percy B., Corinth 
♦Metzner, Hugo, Meridian 

Rowse, Edward M., School for the Deaf, Jackson 

MISSOURI 

Arnett, Edna, 3035 Highland avenue, Kansas City 

Baur, Louis, 3026 Eads avenue, St. Louis 

Brucker, Miss Mary, Station F, Kansas City 

Cloud, Rev. J. H, 2606 Virginia avenue, St. Louis 

Curtis, Mrs. Paul S., 444 Main street, Kansas City 

Finch, Marion, Mercy Hospital, Kansas City (present address unknown 

Finney, Alva, Bucklin 

Hedges, Paul, Kansas City (new address unknown) 

Hunt, Lyman, Koshkonong 

Koehler, Rev. J. M., 415 W. Thirteenth street, Kansas City 

Lawder, Paul, 710 Brooklyn street, Kansas City 

McConnell, Mrs. Rella, 5120 N. Broadway, St. Louis 

Merrell, A. N., 108 Old Orchard avenue, Webster Grove 

Merrell, Mrs. A. N., 108 Old Orchard avenue, Webster Grove 

Minor, Chas. L, Independence (deceased) 

Minor, Mrs. Chas. L., Independence 

O'Banon, S. P., Carthage 

O'Banon, Mrs. S. P., Carthage 

Phelps, Wm. Howe, Jr., Carthage 

Phelps, Mrs. W. H, Jr., Carthage 

Roper, Anna M., 2620 Clifton avenue, St. Louis 

Steidemann, Arthur, 4110 N. Eleventh street, St. Louis 

Streby, Sarah B., 2305 Pearl street, Joplin 

MONTANA 

♦Brown, Philip H, School for the Deaf, Boulder 

♦Codman, C. C, Ronan 

♦Harlan, Miss Edith,. Como 

♦Wood, Miss Anna May, 106^4 Broadway, Helena 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 117 

NEBRASKA 

Collins, Miss Selma, 1812 Wirt street, Omaha 
Jensen, C. P., R. R. No. 1, Hampton 
McManus, Thomas J., R. R. No. 1, Auburn 
McManus, Peter V., R. R. No. 1, Auburn 
Myers, Harry, Burwell 

Rothert, Waldo H, 3815 Charles street, Omaha 
Rothert, Mrs. W. H., 3815 Charles street, Omaha 
Smrha, Miss Mary, Milligan 
Stillane, Miss Margaret, Syracuse 
Willman, Hester, Nebraska City 
Wittwer, I. James, Salem 
Wood, Miss Mildred, Plainview 

NEW JERSEY 

Kent, Miss Annabelle, 60 S. Clinton street, East Orange 
*Porter, Geo. S., 115 Culbertson avenue, Trenton 
♦Simmons, D., 123 Irving street, Rahway 

NEW MEXICO 

Goldsmith, H. A., 811 Eleventh street, East Las Vegas 
♦Thornton, Miss May, 235 E. Palm avenue, Santa Fe 

NEW YORK 

♦Abrams, Wm. S., 3598 Broadway, New York City 

♦Boxley, Clarence A., 2255 Sixth avenue, Troy 

♦Cohen, Louis A., .72 E. Ninety-sixth street, New York City 

Daley, James, Angola 

Fogarty, Sylvester J., Flushing 

Fox, T. R, 545 W. One Hundred Fifty-seventh street, New York 

Frankenheim, Samuel, 57 Cathedral parkway, New York 
*Goldberg, Isaac, 558 Ninth street, Brooklyn 
♦Goldberg, Minnie K, 558 Ninth street, Brooklyn 

Goldberg, Samuel, 171 E. Bise, New York 

Halpen, Miss Rosa, 210 Conkey avenue, Rochester 

Heyman, Mrs. Moses, 430-432 E. Fifty-second street, New York 

Heyman, Moses, 430-432 E. Fifty-second street, New York 

Hodgson, E. A., Station M., New York 
♦Kemp, Chas. B'., 488 S. Salina street, Syracuse 

Kohlman, Henry C, 236 Church street, New York 
♦Lashbrook, Mrs. A. S., 713 N. Madison street, Rome 
♦Lee, Frank, 33 York street, Utica 

Lipgens, Wm., care of Tiffany & Co., New York 

McCarthy, Rev. M. R., S. J., 30 W. Sixteenth street, New York 

McMann, Chas. C, 147 W. One Hundred Fifth street, New York 
♦Manning, James H, Fick Block, Herkimer 

Mundheim, Simon, 1 Carlton avenue, Brooklyn 

Nelson, Mrs. G. E. M., 29 Grant street, Buffalo 
♦O'Brien, John F, 515 W. One Hundred Sixtieth street. New York 

Pach, Alex., 935 Broadway, New York 



118 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Souweine, E., 74 Elm street, New York 
*Thomas, John H., Bristol Road, Clinton 
♦Thomas, Mrs. J. H., Bristol Road, Clinton 

Wolters, Max D., R. R. No. 2, Irving 

Wilson, Mrs. Sabra, Arcade 

NORTH CAROLINA 

♦Miller, John C, School for the Deaf, Morganton 
♦Taylor, Robert S., R. F. D. No. 2, box 8, Mount Olive 
Tillinghast, D. R., School for the Deaf, Morganton 

OHIO 

Allabough, B. R., 1487 Clarence avenue, Lakewood 
♦Baker, Wm. C, School for the Deaf, Columbus 
♦Bashore, Miss Io, Covington 

♦Bates, Mrs. Elmer E, 1907 E Fortieth street, Cleveland 
♦Bengsch, P. F., 614 E. One Hundred Second street, Cleveland 
♦Black, Ray, care of Magee Bros., Piqua 

Bourn, Ralph, S3 Jasper street, Dayton 

Bourn, Mrs. Ralph, S3 Jasper street, Dayton 
♦Bowers, Mrs. Alice, 828 Nicklin avenue, Piqua 
♦Carroll, E. R, Fairmount P. O., Cleveland Heights, Cleveland 

Charles, C. W., 441 S. Ohio avenue, Columbus 
♦Dawson, Miss Lizzie, 1117 N. Broadway, Piqua 
♦De Silver, Wm., 482 Crestline, Price Hill, Cincinnati 
♦Dobe, Joseph A., 3812 Warren street, Cleveland 
♦Durian, Wm. F., 226 Haines avenue, Alliance 

Edgar, Bessie M., SO Lotta avenue, Columbus 
♦Frater, Leo D., 369 Merrill street, Columbus 
•Friedman, David, 435 City Hall, Cleveland 
*Friedman, Mrs. David, Cleveland 

♦Froelich, Miss Helena, 3310 W. Fifty-eighth street, Cleveland 
♦Fry, Chas., 2819 W. Eighth street, Cincinnati 
♦Fryfogle, John P., School for the Deaf, Columbus 
♦Giffen, Marion G., R. F. D. No. 4, box 124, St. Clairsville 
♦Goetz, Harley E., Columbus 

Greener, A. B., 993 Franklin street, Columbus 
♦Grimm, M. J., 321 Sawyer avenue, Akron 
♦Hahn, Harry, 368 E Main street, Piqua 

♦Harrington, R. W., R. F. D. No. 9, Columbia Station, Lorain Co. 
♦Haslam, James A., R. F. D. No. 2, box 83, Amberst, Lorain Co. 
♦Hitchcock, Alan, 931 Leonard avenue, Columbus 
♦Homrighausen, Geo., 212 E. Second street, Canal Dover 
♦Hoskinson, Miss Vera, 2422 E. Main street, Springfield 
♦Huebner, Wm. A., R. R. No. 1, Marion 
♦Kinkel, Geo. W., 3857 W. Twentieth street, Cleveland 
♦Koelle, Herman, 1262 Beach street, Lakewood 

Lamson, Cloa, 1100 Cole street, Columbus 
♦Leib, Joseph W., 563 S. Ohio avenue, Columbus 
♦Lipscomb, Chas., 541 Ann street, Piqua 
♦Lohr, Miss Iva, London 

♦McDaniel, Miss Ida, 721 N. Downing street, Piqua 
♦McGinniss, Thomas, 2035 W. Forty-fourth street, Cleveland 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OP THE DEAF 119 

MacGregor, Bessie B., Grove City (now School for the Deaf, Olathe, 
Kan.) 

MacGregor, R. P., Grove City 
♦McMurray, Perry, School for the Deaf, Columbus 
♦Marks, Mrs. Sarah, 116 Staunton street, Piqua 
♦Miller, Miss Naomi, 623 W. Ribley street, Lima 
♦Miller, John, Cleveland 

♦Miller, Miss Tena, 423 E. Greene street, Piqua 
♦Monnin, A. A., 818 N. Cherry street, Canton 
♦Moore, Forrest, care of Favorite Stove Works, Piqua 
♦Neillie, Chas. R., 4317 E. One Hundred Sixteenth, Cleveland 
♦Neillie, Mrs. C. R., 4317 E. One Hundred Sixteenth street, Cleveland 
♦O'Donnell, Harry, 2414 Salustris avenue, Cincinnati 
♦Ohlemacher, Albert, 1152 E. Rich street, Columbus 
♦Paterson, Robert, 611 E. Rich street, Columbus 
♦Pope, Chas. R, Marysville 
♦Reichard, Dan., care of News, Niles 
♦Rich, William, R. F. D. No. 3, Alliance 
♦Riddle, Miss Bessie, 721 N. Downing street, Piqua 
♦Riddle, Oren, 611 Miami street, Piqua 
♦Ross, Fred, School for the Deaf, Columbus 
♦Robinson, John, 106 S. Main street, Piqua 

Schory, A. H., 232 S. Seventeenth street, Columbus 
♦Shade, Geo. W., Home for Aged and Infirm Deaf, R. R. No. 4, Wester- 

ville 
♦Showalter, J. B'., School for the Deaf, Columbus 

Snyder, Slava, 7505 Lawnview avenue, Cleveland 
♦Stottler, Howell, 12603 Cornado avenue, N. E., Cleveland 
♦Stottler, John, 12603 Cornado avenue, N. E., Cleveland 
♦Toomey, W. W., School for the Deaf, Columbus 
♦Turvey, Joseph, School for the Deaf, Columbus 
♦Vogelhund, Jacob, 821 E. Main street, Columbus 

♦Walz, Mrs. John, 322 S. Downing street, Piqua (present address unknown) 
♦Walz, John, 322 S. Downing street, Piqua (present address unknown) 

Zell, Miss Ethelburga, Station A, Grandview, Columbus 

Zell, Ernest, Station A, Grandview, Columbus 

Zorn, Wm. H., 556 S. Champion avenue, Columbus 

OKLAHOMA 

Booker, Geo. M. W., Newkirk 

Dixon, Robert D, R. F. D. No. 3, Wakita 

Dixon, Mrs. Robert, R. F. D. No. 3, Wakita 

Hendrick, Mrs. Albert G., R. F. D. No. 3, Wakita 

Hendrick, Mrs. Lizzie J., R. F. D. No. 3, Wakita 

Myers, Ivy, School for the Deaf, Sulphur 

Sheriff, Watson D., Guthrie 

Tade, Iona A., School for the Deaf, Sulphur 

OREGON 

Bond, Miss Bessie B., 900 Sixth street, North Portland 

Brown, Mrs. Elsie, St. Johns 
'Hollinger, C, Forest Grove 

♦Nelson, Henry P., 900 E. Sixth street, North Portland 
♦Redman, W. W., 671 Vaughn street, Portland 



120 PROCEEDINGS OP THE N. A. D. 

Reichle, John O., 900 E. Sixth street, North Portland 
Reichle, Mrs. J. O., 900 E. Sixth street, North Portland 

♦Scott, Atchisson, 870 E. Twelfth street, North Portland 

♦Schoneman, Fred W., School for the Deaf, Salem 
Thierman, Mrs. Wayne, 1044 E. Harrison street, Portland 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Acheson, Joseph W., 412 Homewood avenue, Pittsburg 
*Farke, Fred, 312 Marlowe street, Crafton 

Gray, F. R., 2026 Perrysville avenue, Allegheny City 
♦Lebo, Matthias, West Pittsburg Terrace, Pittsburg 

McMaster, H. H. B., 245 Pacific avenue, Pittsburg 
♦Rolshouse, J. M., 124 Second street, Aspinwall, Allegheny Co. 

Schoenenberger, Miss Theresa, 1123 Centre street, Ashland 
♦Teegarden, George M., 469 Ella street, Wilkinsburg 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Duncan, Mamie, 1000 N. Hampton street, Columbia 
*Elmer, Leslie, School for the Deaf, Cedar Springs 
Glover, Walter, 226 E. Park avenue, Spartanburg 
Lyles, Wm. H, Jr., 1401 Blanding street, Columbia 
Myers, Lewis E., Bowman 
Smoak, Herbert R., Union 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Anderson, Huldah C, Sioux Falls 
Berka, William, Montrose 

Dalgaard, Peter, Riverford (present address unknown) 
Jacobson, A. I., Lake Nordon 
Loucks, Chas. H., Trent 
Loucks, Mrs. C. H., Trent 

Olson, Edward P., 429 Cliff avenue, Sioux Falls 
♦Schetnan, E. L., Dupree 

TENNESSEE 

Branum, W. O., 510 Union avenue, Knoxville 
Branum, Mrs. W. O., 510 Union avenue, Knoxville 
Michaels, Rev. J. W., 510 E. Fifth avenue, Knoxville 
♦Palmer, L. Arthur, School for the Deaf, Knoxville 
Steinberg, Miss Etta, 250 S. Third street, Memphis 
Swink, W. C, School for the Deaf, Knoxville 
Todtenhausen, Miss Bertha, Knoxville 
Warren, Jesse T., care of Warren Bros., 200-212 Third avenue, Nashville 

TEXAS 

Beckham, Willie, 515 W. Daggett avenue, Fort Worth 
Carrell, Owen G, 111 W. Sixth street, Austin 
Davis, Robert L., Lampasas 
Dorchester, Eva R, Sherman 



AND THE WORLD'S CONGRESS OF THE DEAF 121 

Ford, Harvey L., 121 S. Fourth street, Waco 
Geer, Roy, 515 W. Daggett avenue, Fort Worth 
Hoar, Mrs. Wm, 718 Mason street, San Antonio 
Kilgore, Miss Willie, 146 Brown street, El Paso 
Webster, Lettie R., School for the Deaf, Austin 

UTAH 

Beck, Jacob, 333 S. Ninth East, Salt Lake City 
De Long, Elizabeth, School for the Deaf, Ogden 
Larson, Nephi, 930 Twenty-first street, Ogden 
Mark, Paul, Ogden 

VIRGINIA 

Mankin, Miss Lula B., box 1, Falls Church 

Miller, Claude, Bridgetown 

Pollard, Paxton, Norfolk 

Randolph, John L., 636 S. May avenue, Norfolk 

Ritter, W. C, Newport News 

Ritter, Mrs. W. C, Newport News 

WASHINGTON 

Arnot, Alfred E. L., box 225, Spokane 

Axling, P. L., Pacific Building, Seattle 

Axling, Mrs. P. L., Seattle 
*Belser, Lawrence H, Wenatchee 
♦Bertram, J. C, box 189, Tacoma 
*Bixler, J. B., Wenatchee 

♦Bjorkquest, Fred W., School for the Deaf, Vancouver 
♦Chambers, Ewe, 1510 Union street, Seattle 

Christensen, L. O., 1426 Fourth avenue, Seattle 
♦Garrison, N. Carl, Camano 

♦Gustin, John E., 4518 Ninth avenue, N. K, Seattle 
♦Gustin, Mrs. Pauline G, 4518 Ninth avenue, N. E., Seattle 
♦Hammond, Myrtle, 2014 Howard avenue N., Seattle 

Hanson, Olof, 4747 Sixteenth avenue, N. E., Seattle 

Hanson, Mrs. Olof, 4747 Sixteenth avenue, N. E, Seattle 
♦Harris, Roy E., 1925 Eleventh avenue North, Seattle 
♦Hunter, Mrs. W. S., School for the Deaf, Vancouver 
♦Hunter, W. S., School for the Deaf, Vancouver 
♦Knecht, Clifford, 512 Locust street, Centralia 
♦Koberstein, Aug. H, 1426 Fourth avenue, room 2, Seattle 

Livingston, Jessie, Belmont 

♦McConnell, C. K., 300 Washington avenue, Bremerton 
♦McDonald, Alex., School for the Deaf, Vancouver 

Meagher, J. F, School for the Deaf, Vancouver 

Meagher, Mrs. J. F, School for the Deaf, Vancouver 
♦Miller, W. S., 4318 Sixth avenue, Tacoma 
♦Morris, B. F, 5034 Thirty-seventh avenue, Seattle 

O'Leary, James; H., 2304 Empire avenue, Spokane 
♦Partridge, True, box 718, Seattle 

Root, W. S., 632 Thirty-second avenue, North, Seattle 



122 PROCEEDINGS OF THE N. A. D. 

Scanlon, Mabel Lulu, 3004 Hoyt avenue, Everett 
*Skoglund, John E., Camano 
*Studt, Rudy, Bremerton (present address unknown) 

Swangren, Ernest, 2127 Second street (Rivoli Apt.), North Yakima 
Tousley, De Witt, 2318 Fifty-seventh street N, Seattle 
♦Tousley, Mrs. De Witt, 2318 Fifty-seventh street N., Seattle 
♦Vincent, C. J., Hotel Biggs, First avenue, Seattle 

Vinson, Emery, box 2229, Spokane 

Wright, A. W., 1728 E. Sixty-second street, Seattle 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Bartlett, Emma, 720 Main street, Mannington 

Cofneld, John D., School for the Deaf, Romney (deceased) 

WISCONSIN 

Huhn, Lizzie, 1416 Marquette street, Racine 
Jacobs, Agnes M., 401 Orange street, Kenosha 
Rosenthal, Mrs. Wm, 173S Racine street, Racine 
Robinson, Warren, School for the Deaf, Delavan 

WYOMING 

Mosey, Baxter, Evanston (deceased) 

Peterson, Elna, Laramie 

Snow, Miss Blanche, 500 W. Twenty-third street, Cheyenne 

Thayer, Orin, 120 E. Twenty-sixth street, Cheyenne 




Get your friends to learn the Manual Alphabet and thus help the cause 
of the Combined System 



NOTICE 



Additional copies of this Report can be obtained by 
addressing the Secretary and enclosing the cost required, 
FIFTEEN CENTS for members, to cover postage and 
mailing charges; and SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS for all 
others. 

Oscar H. Eegensburg, Secretary, 
P. O. Box 23, Los Angeles, Cal. 




Copyright by Pach Bros., New York 



Mr. John D. Rockefeller and his Guests 

The Members of the National Association of the Deaf at his Forest Hill Estate, 

Cleveland, Ohio, Monday, Aug. 25, 1913 



PROCEEDINGS 



of the 



TENTH CONVENTION 



of the 



National 
Association of the Deaf 



Organized August 25, 1880 
Incorporated February 23, 1900 



CLEVELAND, OHIO 




PRESS OF 

The Independent Publishing Company 
olathe. kansas 



3&tmQtb 



£7T HE COMMITTEE on Printing has carefully 
J^ prepared the following report of the Tenth 
Convention of the National Association of the Deaf. 

The former secretary, Mr. O. H. Regensburg, 
was permitted by the convention to employ Mr. J. 
S. Long to make the stenographic report of the pro- 
ceedings. This Mr. Long did with painstaking 
faithfulness, and the result is a complete verbatim 
report of the work accomplished by the convention. 

Owing to the delay in forwarding to the present 
secretary several reports of committees that had to 
be included, the printing of the proceedings was held 
back, otherwise the completed report would have 
been issued before the close of last year. 

The committee trusts that the following pages 
will prove of value to the deaf and to those inter- 
ested in the progress of the deaf. 

A. L. ROBERTS, Chairman, 

J. S. LONG, 

JAY COOKE HOWARD, 

Committee on Printing. 
February 16, 1914. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

National Association of the Deaf 

FOR TERM 1910-1913 



President 

OLOF HANSON University Station, Seattle, Wash. 

First Vice-President 
ANTON SCHROEDER Minnesota 

Second Vice-President 
MRS. J. S. LONG Iowa 

Third Vice-President 
MRS. J. F. MEAGHER Washington 

Fourth Vice-President 

OWEN G. CARRELL Texas 

Secretary 

OSCAR H. REGENSBURG California 

Treasurer 
S. M. FREEMAN Georgia 

Executive Committee 

OLOF HANSON (ex-officio, Chairman) Washington 

S. M. FREEMAN Georgia 

B. R. ALLABOUGH Ohio 

A. L. ROBERTS Kansas 

H. D. DRAKE District of Columbia 

T. F. FOX New York 

F. P. GIBSON Illinois 

W. H. ROTHERT Nebraska 

J. 0. REICHLE Oregon 



6 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

The Industrial Bureau 
LYMAN M. HUNT (Director) Koshkonong, Mo. 

D. A. CAMERON Mississippi 

W. GLOVER South Carolina 

W. H. ROTHERT Nebraska 

E. SWANGREN Washington 

The Bureau of Publicity 

E. CLAYTON WYAND (Director) Mattapan, Mass. 

MRS. C. L. JACKSON Georgia 

F. A. JOHNSON Illinois 

R. J. STEWART „ District of Columbia 

0. HANSON Washington 

Moving Picture Committee 

OSCAR H. REGENSBURG (Chairman) Venice, Cal. 

F. R. GRAY Pennsylvania 

0. G. CARRELL Texas 

C. H. LOUCKS ' South Dakota 

H. D. DRAKE District of Columbia 

Committee on Printing 
OSCAR H. REGENSBURG (Chairman) Venice, Cal 

A. L. ROBERTS Kansas 

O. HANSON "'."Washington 

Sub-Committee on Finance 

B. RANDALL ALLABOUGH (Chairman) Cleveland, Ohio 

A. L. ROBERTS Kansas 

°- HANSON Washington 

Committee on Civil Service 

ALEX. L. PACH (Chairman) New Yor k, N Y 

M. M. TAYLOR M chiean 

p ?• ^vt^ ane Aiaba ^ 

P. L. AXLING Washington 

Committee on Hartford Monument 
THOMAS F. FOX (Chairman) New York 

H D' DrIS KISS DistrfCt ° f C0lumWa 

H. D. DRAKE District of Columbia 

Committee on Endowment Fund 

T.' F W 'FOX IGHT (Chaiman) Seattle, Wash. 

H r» nRATTF " New York 

J B HOTCHKI^ Di8trict 0f Columbia 

A. L. ROBERTS District ° f Columbia 

- - Kansas 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 7 

Committee on Impostors 
J. C. HOWARD Duluth, Minn. 

Committee on Membership 

H. D. DRAKE Washington, D. C. 

Committee on Nebraska Legislation 

P. L. AXLING Seattle, Wash. 

Cleveland Local Committee of Arrangements 

MRS. LAURA McDILL BATES Honorary Chairman 

KREIGH B. AYERS Chairman 

REV. B. R. ALLABOUGH Advisory Chairman 

C. R. NEILLIE F. C. KRULL 

DAVID FRIEDMAN JOHN MILLER 

HARRY McCANN THOMAS McGINNIS 

E. R. CARROLL MISS HELENA FROELICH 
MRS. DAVID FRIEDMAN HERMAN KOELLE 

F. C. ROSS MRS. F. C. KRULL 

MRS. WILLIAM KLEINHAUS 

State Auxiliary Committee 
COLUMBUS W. H. ZORN, C. C. NEUNER, 

R. P. MacGREGOR, A. H. SCHORY, A. B. GREENER, A. 

W. OLEMACHER, MISS CLOA LAMSON, MISS ETHEL 

ZELL 

CLEVELAND KREIGH B. AYERS 

CINCINNATI _ L. J. BACHEBERLE 

DAYTON C. H. CORY, JR. 

TOLEDO MATHIAS STEINWAND 

SPRINGFIELD FRANK REDINGTON 

SANDUSKY ADELBERT DAVIS 

PORTSMOUTH FRANK MINEGO 

YOUNGSTOWN MRS. T. FEINE 

BELLAIRE _ SAMUEL W. CORBETT 

PIQUA RAY M. BLACK 

LIMA-WAPAKONETA ED. BURKE 

FINDLAY P. L. STEVENSON 

CANTON ALFRED A. MONNIN 

AKRON _ MICHAEL J. GRIMM 

OHIO COLONY IN CHICAGO ERNEST W. CRAIG 



8 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

National Association of the Deaf 

FOR TERM 1913-1917 



President 
JAY COOKE HOWARD Duluth, Minnesota 

Vice-Presidents 

A. B. GREENER Ohio 

MRS. ANNA S. LASHBROOK New York 

WALTER GLOVER South Carolina 

W. L. WATERS California 

Secretary 

A. L. ROBERTS Kansas 

Treasurer 
H. D. DRAKE District of Columbia 

National Executive Committee 

JAY COOKE HOWARD (ex-officio, Chairman) Minnesota 

P. L. AXLING Washington 

O. G. CARRELL Texas 

SAMUEL FRANKENHEIM New York 

S. W. HARRIS Mississippi 

JOHN O'ROURKE Massachusetts 

A. L. ROBERTS Kansas 

R. S. TAYLOR _ North Carolina 

L. C. WILLIAMS California 

Trustees Endowment Fund 

GEORGE WM. VEDITZ (Chairman) Colorado 

OLOF HANSON Washington 

WILLIS HUBBARD Michigan 

Committee on Endowment Fund 

GEORGE WM. VEDITZ (Chairman) Colorado 

ARLINGTON J. EICKHOFF Michigan 

J. AMOS TODD Tennessee 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 9 

Gallaudet Day Committee 

ARLINGTON J. EICKHOFF (Chairman) Michigan 

J. H. McFARLANE Alabama 

G. H. FAUPEL Maryland 

Hartford Monument Committee 

T. F. FOX (Chairman) New York 

J. B. HOTCHKISS District of Columbia 

H. D. DRAKE District of Columbia 

Bureau of Publicity 

OLOF HANSON (Director) _ Washington 

W. S. ROOT Washington 

A. W. WRIGHT Washington 

Motion Picture Fund Committee 

0. H. REGENSBURG (Chairman) California 

F. R. GRAY Pennsylvania 

C. H. LOUCKS South Dakota 

ROY J. STEWART (General Manager, and in charge of 

Film Rental Department) District of Columbia 

Committee on Printing 

A. L. ROBERTS (Chairman) Kansas 

J. S. LONG _ Iowa 

JAY COOKE HOWARD Minnesota 

Committee to Codify the By-Laws 

T. F. FOX (Chairman) New York 

OLOF HANSON Washington 

J. M. STEWART Michigan 

Committee on Educated Deaf Day, Staunton 

REV. P. J. HASENSTAB (Chairman) Illinois 

GEORGE T. DOUGHERTY Illinois 

ALBERT BERG Indiana 

Temple of Childhood Committee 

CLARENCE BOXLEY (Chairman) Illinois 

BERTHA P. FLYNN New York 

MOLLIE L. ERB _ New York 

Literary Bureau 

(To deal with magazines and periodicals publishing matter about the 

deaf.) 

HOWARD L. TERRY (Chairman) California 

ARNOLD KIENE California 

J. FREDERICK MEAGHER Washington 



10 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Education Commission 

J. M. STEWART (Chairman) Michigan 

H. C. MERRILL District of Columbia 

REV. GEO. F. FLICK Illinois 

Newspaper Committee 

(To secure the publication, in newspapers, of articles that may fav- 
orably interest the public in the deaf.) 

LAURA McDILL BATES (Chairman) Ohio 

F. C. SMIELAU Pennsylvania 

MRS. A. L. ROBERTS Kansas 

Committee to Combat Erroneous Arguments on Methods of Teaching 

the Deaf 

H. L. STAFFORD (Chairman) _ Minnesota 

ERNEST BINGHAM _ _ Minnesota 

PETRA T. FANDREM Minnesota 

De l'Epee Memorial Statue Committee 

REV. J. H. CLOUD (Chairman) Missouri 

FATHER M. R. McCARTHY New York 

ANTON SCHROEDER Minnesota 

Civil Service Committee 

REV. B. R. ALLABOUGH (Chairman) Ohio 

ROBERT H. KING Kentucky 

GEO. M. TEEGARDEN Pennsylvania 

Committee on Statistics 

R. P. MacGREGOR (Chairman) Ohio 

DUDLEY W. GEORGE Illinois 

WM. H. ZORN Ohio 

The Industrial Bureau. 
LYMAN M. HUNT (Chairman) „.... Missouri 

D. A. CAMERON Mississippi 

W. H. ROTHERT Nebraska 

Boy Scout Committee. 

J. S. LONG (Chairman) „ Iowa 

F. A. JOHNSON Illinois 

PHILIP MORIN .._ Massachusetts 

Committee on Newspaper for the N. A. D. 

E. CLAYTON WYAND (Chairman) Maryland 

JONATHAN H. EDDY Arkansas 

MATT McCOOK Iowa 

Committee on Impostors. 

J. C. HOWARD Minnesota 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 11 



PROCEEDINGS 



Wednesday Morning Session 



Assembly Hall of the Hollenden Hotel 
Cleveland, Ohio 



AUGUST 20, 1913; 10:40 O'CLOCK 



The Tenth Triennial Convention of the National Association of 
the Deaf was called to order in the Assembly Hall of the Hollenden 
Hotel, Cleveland, at 10:40 a. m., August 20th, 1913, with President 
Hanson in the chair; Mrs. Elmer Bates and Miss Greener, interpret- 
ing. 

The invocation was given by Rev. B. R. Allabough of Cleveland. 

Secretary Regensburg then read the Official Call. 

OFFICIAL CALL FOR THE TENTH CONVENTION OF THE NA- 
TIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF. 

In conformity with the Constitution, and in accordance with the 
decision of the Executive Committee, the Tenth Convention of the 
National Association of the Deaf is hereby called to meet in the City 
of Cleveland, Ohio, from August 20th to 27th, 1913, Wednesday to 
Wednesday, inclusive. 

OSCAR H. REGENSBURG, OLOF HANSON, 

Secretary. President. 

Seattle, Washington, March 18th, 1913. 

President Hanson then introduced Mayor N. D. Baker, who gave 
the address of welcome. 

MAYOR BAKER'S ADDRESS. 

* * * * * * I have no doubt it is a part of the 
wise, generous plan of providence that rules this world that when 
any of us are deprived of the ready use of one of the common fac- 
ulties, there is a corresponding compensating increase in the useful- 
ness and fluency of the faculties that are permittd to remain. As 
a matter of fact, there are a great many unexpected disabilities in 
this world. 

You men and women who, by whatever chance it may be, do not 
speak and do not hear, are by no means the only people in the world 
who are deprived of a particular faculty and we are coming to re- 
alize in this life of ours that one of the great problems before us 



12 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

is to discover some of the more obscure and less obvious mental and 
physical disabilities. For instance, the whole plan of vocational guid- 
ance that is now coming to be talked about in every city, has for its 
purpose the taking of children and finding out about them, their 
particular adaptability, to prevent a child who has not deftness 
from getting into an occupation in which the deftness of fingers is 
the principal asset, or in preventing children who are color blind from 
selecting and experimenting with occupations in which color dis- 
crimination is the important thing. I venture to say there is an 
enoromous waste in our human life due to the fact that people get 
into occupations requiring special mental equipment, special physical 
equipment, without having discovered until too late the fact that 
that particular talent, that particular facility is denied to them. 

Now, you are very fortunate in this, that instead of having a 
difficulty which even you yourself might not discover and therefore 
waste an enormous amount of effort in struggling with some bus- 
iness or profession for which you are not adapted, you are able 
from the outset to discover at least one limitation from the form of 
activity in which you ought not to engage and with the tightening 
of the other faculties which come from non-speaking and non-hear- 
ing, you are able to devise an opportunity of usefulness, a place in 
which you can contribute to the civilization in which you live with a 
greater gratification even than those who are able to both speak and 
hear. 

I take a great amount of pleasure from the fact that this great 
National Association has been able to make your people feel and 
make us feel that you are really bearing you share in life's strug- 
gle and making your contribution to the civilization in which we 
live. This City, this State and this Nation needs every one of us. 
We have different talents. Your contribution and mine must in the 
nature of things be different, but not necessarily greater or less. 

The City of Cleveland has many conventions that come to see 
us; I have therefore many opportunities to welcome visiting dele- 
gates. I do not recall that I have ever enjoyed an experience more 
than this. We have a beautiful city, not merely in its physical 
aspect, although it is beautiful physically, but we have a beautiful 
city spiritually and by that I mean that we in Cleveland are coming 
to learn and believe this truth, that everybody in Cleveland is inter- 
ested in each person in Cleveland; that there is a community of in- 
terest which makes the weakest and the most unfortunate person 
in our city a ward of the entire city itself. And so our people have 
come to love their city and to love one another; the spirit that is 
growing up here I think promises the development of a new civic 
spirit. For many years we had to be ashamed of city civilization; 
that time has passed and instead of being a blight our modern 
cities, I think, in the new spirit and new attitude, are coming to be 
the bright and shining product of a new civilization and a new re- 
ligious attitude towards human life. 

It gives me, therefore, very great pleasure to welcome you to 
Cleveland. I trust that your visit here will be so happy that every 
time you try to decide where to have the next convention there 
will be a strong element in favor of coming to Cleveland again. 
(Applause.) And when you have left here and gone to your homes 
I trust that you will be able to give as flattering an account of this 
city as Cleveland will entertain a kindly recollection of you 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 13 

Mr. David Friedman, president of the Cleveland Association of 
the Deaf, spoke. 

MR. FRIEDMAN'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: As president of the Cleve- 
land Association of the Deaf, it affords me the greatest pleasure 
to briefly welcome your gathering in its name. It has been the am- 
bition of the Association to gain credit to the State and therefore an 
invitation was extended the N. A. D. to Cleveland in 1913. It do- 
nated over a hundred dollars to this good cause, and takes great 
pride in fulfilling its promise that the arrangements for the conven- 
tion shall be a great success. 

Let me give you a brief history of the Cleveland Association of 
the Deaf and its name. A fatal accident happened to the aged wife 
of a disabled deaf man in 1909, which resulted in the organization of 
this association by Mrs. Elmer E. Bates for the protection and wel- 
fare of the Cleveland deaf. The Association for years proved a great 
factor in dointr good. It has raised the banner of the deaf aloft so 
that the people may look up to it and understand them better. The 
most needy were given financial and legal aid, those in want of 
employment assisted, and impostors given an unwelcome reception. 
There is more than I am able to tell you; however, in my opinion 
there is one thing that would not be out of place to mention. One 
of the leading members of the Association is responsible for the 
statement that socially the organization has made bachelors and 
spinsters fewer. I think we must have done far better than the 
proposed Bachelor Tax in the legislature. 

Ladies and gentlemen, you are here for a grand purpose, to 
advance the interests of the deaf of the United States; and the Cleve- 
land Association extends you a hearty welcome. Make yourselves at 
home and enjoy yourselves to your hearts content. When the con- 
vention is over, we hope that many pleasant memories of the gath- 
ering will be cherished in your homes. 

Mr. Kreigh B. Ayers, chairman of the Local Committee, wel- 
comed the convention on behalf of the Committee, as follows: 

The Local Committee bids you a hearty welcome. We have 
been doing our best in preparing to make your visit a pleasant one. 
Have a good time; make yourselves at home; members of the com- 
mittee are at your service and we hope you will be satisfied with 
our arrangements. We hope you will overlook our shortcomings and 
be charitable toward our faults. 

Dr. Patterson who was down on the program to speak on behalf 
of the State of Ohio, was not present and Mr. Greener of Columbus 
spoke in his place. 

MR. GREENER'S ADDRESS. 

I fear the wrong person has been selected to speak for the Ohio 
deaf. Dr. Patterson, who is down on the program for this pleasing 
task, fully expected to be present but at the last moment was de- 
tained by pressing work. 

To the deaf from the East and the West, from the North and 



14 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

the South, on behalf of the deaf of Ohio, I take great pleasure in 
welcoming you to this great State and within its metropolis. You 
will indeed find this a beautiful city and I trust during your leisure 
you will visit some of its many beautiful parks and attractions scat- 
tered thruout its confines. 

I know that the deaf of the State are glad that you are here 
for they have been talking of your coming for the past three years. 
Some of them are here and waiting to extend to you a genuine "Buck- 
eye shake," and make your sojourn among them of memory sweet. 

I know Mr. Baker, the Mayor of Cleveland, for his fame has 
extended beyond the city and state. Under his administration the 
city has progressed, for he is a progressive man as his speech to us 
a few minutes ago indicated. Moreover he has always shown a 
friendly interest in the deaf, for under him a number are employed 
in the city departments, and not only in those of the city of Cleve- 
land but in all deaf people of Ohio. 

You have listened to his words of welcome to the city of Cleve- 
land on behalf of its citizens, and again on behalf of the deaf of ilie 
state I welcome you to Ohio and trust that when you go home you 
will carry with you feelings of satisfaction and pleasant recollections 
of the Tenth Convention. 

Mr. Pach of New York responded to the Mayor's address. 

MR. PACH'S ADDRESS. 

We have just heard some very pleasant words from the Mayor 
of Cleveland and from others extending us a cordial welcome. I 
know that I express the sentiment of the whole body when I say that 
the sense of gratitude for this hospitable reception is great. 

Possibly the mayor will be interested in knowing why we are 
here and I will try in a few words to tell not only him, but the people 
of Cleveland and of Ohio and every one the great purpose of this 
meeting. 

(Turning to the Mayor and speaking orally, Mr. Pach continued.) 

Why are we here, Mr. Mayor? Why are so many of us who 
are deaf gathered here in convention in your city? I want to tell 
you. One of the most important reasons why we are here is to 
spread information concerning the deaf and to correct many errors 
that have found circulation among the public. 

A great many people who hear some deaf person speak and see 
him read the lips get the idea that all the deaf can be taught to 
do so. We know that when a child learns to spell "c-a-t" and to write 
it, the child understands what he is taught. But you may sit before 
the child all day and say "cat" and yet he may not understand what 
you are saying to him. We believe in the system that makes the 
child absolutely sure that "c-a-t" spells "cat" and that system is the 
combined system which is everything that the so-called oral method 
is not. 

We are here, Mr. Mayor, to fight this great American fraud in 
the education of the deaf — the mistaken theory that all deaf persons 
can be taught to speak and read the lips. The ladies and gentlemen 
you see before you are a body of deaf men and women doing o 
work in the world. We are not here seeking things for ourselves, 
but, Mr. Mayor, we ask a great deal for th* children who are r.t 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 15 

in school and who will soon come after us fighting their way in the 
industrial world. We know the road they must travel and we would 
concern ourselves in the method of their preparation. This is one of 
the reasons why we are here. 

In this assemblage of several hundred deaf persons there may be 
half a dozen expert lip-readers. A great many can speak but not all 
can do so. The ones who can successfully do both are very rare in 
deed. Among actresses there is but one Bernhardt, among singers 
but one Patti, etc. There is but one Edison, one Bell, one Marconi and 
but one Helen Keller. 

On taking leave, Mr. Baker asked for the privilege of another 
word and said: 

I ought to have mentioned the fact when I was talking before 
that the City of Cleveland has several of this Association working in 
a most honored and useful capacity and I see they are present here 
today; they are the standing testimony of the thing I was trying to 
impress, how possible it is for you to carry the full measure of a 
man's or woman's load under these conditions. 

President Hanson called for Mr. Ritter of Virginia but he was 
not present. 

Dr. Currier, of the New York school, was called to speak on be- 
half of the visitors and responded: 



DR. CURRIER'S ADDRESS. 

(Dr. Currier spoke and signed at the same time.) 

I desire to express my apreciation of the invitation to address 
the convention. I am very happy to be here and join with you in 
the illustration presented by the successes attained by the deaf in 
their life work. It is a most satisfactory proof of the value of the 
work done in the various schools for the deaf in this country and 
therefore, although attended with some personal discomforts, I do 
not regret that I have taken the time to travel to Cleveland. 

It is especially pleasing to see so large a gathering. This in- 
dicates your fine spirit for extending help to each other and to 
prove to the world at large that the deaf, as a class, have profited 
by their schooling. 

The Mayor, in his words of greeting, alluded to the good work 
the deaf are doing and his statement that the broad method of 
instruction was psychologically correct, should lead the deaf of Cleve- 
land and of the State of Ohio to be proud that such a man should 
have been elected to the Mayorality and have the support of the com- 
mercial men that represent the City of Cleveland. 

You will, I am sure, pardon me if in speaking to you a few words 
of friendly counsel I should appear to be too insistent, but I am 
sincere in my expressions. You have a great responsibility. It is 
to you that all intelligent people will look for help to decide how 
and what to teach deaf children, because you yourselves know so well 
what are their needs. Theories are not always borne out in prac- 
tice. It is the facts, the truth of the limitations imposed by deafness 
that you must set forth and show. 

Before many of you were born, I was teaching the deaf. I was 



16 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

an oralist. I knew no signs, not even the letters of the manual al- 
phabet. I was told and advised by theorists that speech was the 
only method for the deaf. After a while I met and associated with 
the adult deaf, the men and women who were making their mark in 
the world and then I began to see the real necessities of the case. 
I modified my views. I began to see what the deaf really needed to 
successfully contend with the obstacles before them. If they could 
speak clearly and intelligently it was a good thing and I taught 
speech to all that I could, but I saw there were deaf pupils who need- 
ed something more, who could not be brought to the highest degree 
of usefulness by and through speech and then I was led to the use 
of such methods as were indicated to me by the individual; not all 
are alike; not all are affected by the same means, and therefore, I 
urge upon all of you, every day to educate the public. Tell them the 
truth that some can speak and that some cannot; say it and fight 
hard for the cause of the broader system, that which adjusts itself 
to the needs of the individual and regards him as more important 
than any system. So many people are led to believe that speech can 
le given to every deaf child. They meet the prodigy and they re- 
gard him as the unit of measurement. This is unfair to the deaf 
as a class. It is your duty to educate the public, set them right and 
then there can be no doubt that reason and intelligence will make 
possible the continuance of the broad system of instruction for the 
deaf. 

In reply to an inquiry if other visitors cared to say anything, 
Mr. Bristol of Michigan rose and said: 

I have a message from Dr. Clarke. I met the Doctor a few 
days ago. He told me to give you a message. He sent his love and 
expressed the hope that you would have a pleasant and successful 
meeting, that would be helpful in every way to the deaf of the 
country. 

Miss Greener took the platform as interpreter. 

President Hanson: If there are no other messages we will 
proceed with the reading of communications. 

The secretary then read letters from Miss Helen Keller, Miss 
Caroline A. Yale, principal of the Clarke school, Northampton, Mass., 
and Supt. F. W. Booth, of the Nebraska school, expressing regret 
that they could not accept invitations to be present. A telegram 
conveying the greetings and best wishes of the Pas-a-Pas club of 
Chicago was read. 

Pres. Hanson: There is a letter from the Parents' Association 
of Nebraska but it is rather too long to read now. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move we defer the reading of this letter 
until we receive the report from the Nebraska Oral Law committee 
with which it is connected. 

Mr. Wyand seconded, and the motion carried. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 17 

MESSAGE FROM PRESIDENT WILSON. 

Mr. Veditz: I have a personal message from the President of 
the United States and doubtless you will be interested in knowing 
how I got it. Two months ago I arranged to go to Washington to 
give a talk for a motion picture film. I thought it would be a good 
opportunity to see the President and get his promise to help in the 
Civil Service matter. I wrote a letter, not to him but to his sec- 
retary, Mr. Tumulty, and asked him to arrange for me to meet Pres- 
ident Wilson. He wrote that the President was very busy and, 
though he could not promise, he might be able to arrange an inter- 
view. I was well satisfied. It was not a denial and there was hope. 

When I reached Washington I asked the aid of my Congress- 
man, Mr. Seldomridge, who is a personal friend. He telephoned the 
President and arranged a meeting for the next day at 10:30. I felt 
elated. I wrote out a statement, as brief as possible, of what I 
wanted to say so as to be ready and not delay the interview. Mr. 
Seldomridge and I entered the office annexed to the White House. 
There was a crowd of visitors, senators and dignitaries in the ante- 
room. I recognized Senator Stone, Victor Murdock and others. In 
a moment the President entered the anteroom from his private of- 
fice. I recognized him by his pleasant face, and his well-known 
smile — I never saw a more kindly smile upon the face of any one. 
He shook hands with the visitors, spoke a few pleasant words to 
each of them and went back into his private office. 

In a few minutes I was called into his room. He spoke to me 
but Mr. Seldomridge told him I was deaf. He gave me a look of 
kindly sympathy and shook my hand again. I handed him my state- 
ment. He read it slowly and when he had finished he motioned for 
my pad and pencil and wrote — (holding up paper and spelling) : 

"Please give my warm greetings to the convention and assure 
them that I shall do all I can to see that the utmost justice is done 
the deaf mutes." 

I asked him to sign his name, and he laughed and did so. I 
propose to keep this message and frame it as it is my personal 
property. 

On motion of Mr. Wyand, seconded by Mr. Cloud, it was agreed 
to have a facsimile made of the message, and put it in the proceed- 
ings. 

A motion by Mr. Todd, seconded by Mr. Hasenstab, that the 
secretary be instructed to telegraph to the President thanking him, 
was carried by a rising vote. 

The following message was sent: 

The President, 

The White House, Washington, D. C. 
The National Association of the Deaf is in receipt of your greet- 



18 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

ings, through Mr. Veditz, and appreciates with profound gratitude 
your promise that the utmost justice shall be done the deaf in the 
matter of Civil Service examinations and appointments. 

The president called Vice-President Schroeder to the cha-r and 
delivered his address, Dr. Currier reading orally. 

PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

After a continuous existence of thirty-three years the National 
Association of the Deaf meets once more in the state in which it 
was born. This is the Tenth National Convention of the Association, 
previous conventions having been held as follows: 

Cincinnatti 1880 

New York 1883 

Washington, D. C 1889 

Chicago 1893 

Philadelphia 1896 

St. Paul, Minn 1899 

St. Louis, Mo 1904 

Norfolk, Va 1907 

Colorado Springs, Colo 1910 

These conventions have been conducted with ability; valuable 
and interesting papers have been read and discussed, and resolutions 
Adopted on various subjects pertaining to the deaf, and those at- 
tending have had an interesting and profitable time. When one con- 
vention closed, however, little or nothing was done until the next con- 
vention, and as an active working organization the Association has 
exerted little influence. 

The time has come, however, for the National Association of 
the Deaf to do something more than hold conventions. 

The oralists have for several years been actively influencing the 
public in favor of the Oral Method. It is perfectly natural that the 
hearing public in general, knowing little about the deaf, should 
readily accept the arguments in favor of the Oral Method, which is 
represented as placing the deaf practically on the same level as hear- 
ing people. We know that this is not true, but the public does not. 
The heads of many schools, some against their better judgment, are 
yielding to the pressure of public opinion; and in some cases state 
legislatures are called upon to pass laws requiring the use of the 
oral method, although the legislators, as many of them admit, know 
practically nothing about the merits of the question. 

The school papers, which a few years ago voiced the sentiments 
of the deaf freely, have, many of them, been muzzled. There is need 
for an agency to voice the sentiments of the deaf, and the N. A. D. 
should be that agency. It has been the aim of this administration to 
indicate the way in which this work can and should be done. 

Since public opinion is the final arbiter, the problem before us 
is to educate the public. This can be done through circulars sent 
directly to the hearing persons most interested, through newspaper 
and magazine articles, and through personal correspondence with 
the most ardent oral advocates. With this object in mind, several 
thousand circulars have been printed and distributed among the 
hearing. Most of them have been sent to educators, school super- 
intendents, parents, and legislators. It is not to be expected that 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 19 

the effect of these will show at once. It will take time to sink into 
the minds of the public. But, their attention having been directed 
to it, they will observe for themselves, and in time the truth will pre- 
vail. The work done in Chicago several years ago has not been 
lost, though no direct results came of it. I have received requests 
from school authorities for literature, showing that the question is 
not considered settled. Several superintendents of public schools have 
expressed the opinion that the oral method alone does not meet the 
requirements of educating the deaf. 

NEBRASKA 

In 1911 the Nebraska legislature passed a law requiring that 
"all children who have not advanced beyond three years in the 
course under present methods in said schools shall hereafter be 
taught and trained in said school by the oral, aural, and lip-reading 
method to the exclusion of the deaf alphabet and sign language, 
unless incapacitated by mental defects or malformation of the vocal 
organs." 

Before taking any action I wrote the superintendent of the 
school to learn his attitude in reference to the law. His reply in 
substance was that he intended to convert the school into an oral 
school, like the one at Mt. Airy, and that he expected to dispense 
with the use of the sign language not onlv in the class-room but 
also outside. In other words, the sign language is to be proscribed 
from chapel services, lectures, entertainments, and all other pur- 
poses. 

If there is anything the deaf are united on it is the desire 
that the sign language shall be used for chapel services, lectures, 
and entertainments. This has been asserted over and over again in 
conventions of the deaf, both State and National, times without 
number. 

With the approval of the Executive Committee I instituted an 
effort to have the law modified so as to allow the use of the broad- 
er Combined System, which permits the use of the oral method to 
the fullest extent possible, while it does not compel all the pupils 
to be instructed by a single method, whether adapted for it or not. 

Largely through misunderstanding of the real meaning of the 
term "Combined System," and through misrepresentation of our 
purpose, the effort to change the law was not successful. 

One state senator, who was a member of the committee to 
which the bills were referred, stated that he had talked with the 
pupils and the graduates, and he said: "I find that they are almost 
universally in favor of this system. I understand that there is 
only about five per cent, who cannot receive oral training." 

On the other hand, the president of the Nebraska Alumni As- 
sociation, who is instructor in printing at the school, after the ad- 
journment of the legislature stated over his signature, that so far 
as he knew "there is not one deaf person within the borders of our 
state who favors the oral law, nor one who ever said a word in de- 
fense of retaining the said law." And he is in a position to know! 

The senator above referred to has been asked to give the names 
of some of the graduates and pupils with whom he talked, but so 
far he has not done so. Considering his position, his statement must 
have carried great weight with the committee. And it was the 



20 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

committee that killed the bill and did not allow it to go before the 
legislature. 

But did the committee act fairly? Did the oralists act fairly? 

However, although the effort to change the law was not success- 
ful, it appears that our efforts were not entirely in vain, for, ac- 
cording to information received from the president of the Nebraska 
Parents' Association, which information is corroborated by the Sup- 
erintendent of the school, it appears that the method at present 
used is practically the Combined System. He writes in part as 
follows: "The present superintendent has taken several of the 
younger pupils from oral classes and placed them in manual classes. 
We merely teach those that are fitted for oral instruction by ex- 
clusive oral methods, and allow those that are not, or who for any 
reason cannot be so taught successfully, or whose best good and 
advancement would be subserved by manual instruction, to be so 
instructed still." 

If this is not a good description of the practical application of 
the Combined System, I should like to know what is. 

If the method now used should be continued there would be no 
objection from this Association. But the superintendent has dis- 
tinctly stated that he intends to convert the school into an oral 
school; that is, teach all by the oral method and none by the manual, 
and discontinue the use of the sign language for c::..'.pel services, 
lectures and all purposes whatever. 

Not only in Nebraska are the oralists pushing- their fad, but, 
according to information received, efforts are being made in other 
states to influence legislators and parents in favor of the oral meth- 
od, and more legislation of this sort may be expected unless check- 
ek. In my opinion this Association should make redoubled efforts 
to prevent carrying out this evident purpose on the part of the 
oralists. 

To teach the deaf to speak is right and proper; but to carry 
oralism to extremes is fanaticism. The sign language is useful and 
valuable for interpreting spoken words and for addressing an as- 
sembly of the deaf, and it should have a place in every school for 
chapel services, lectures and entertainments. For these purposes 
there is nothing that can take its place. To destroy it would be a 
crime, and those who seek to do it would rob the deaf of one of the 
greatest blessings ever devised as a partial compensation for the 
misfortune of deafness. 

NEW SUPERINTENDENTS 

Perhaps the most important, though least advertised, work of 
this administration has been to keep in touch with the school auth- 
orities where a new superintendent was to be appointed. This course 
was suggested by a prominent superintendent. In some cases I 
have acted on my own initiative, but more often by request. The 
policy has been not to advocate any particular person, but rather to 
indicate the qualifications desirable in a superintendent from our 
viewpoint Correspondence has been carried on with the Governor 
or Board of Trustees in North Dakota, Montana, California, Mary- 
land, Kansas and Hartford, in reference to the appointment of sup- 
erintendents. It is not claimed that this work had any great weight 
BTith the Board, but in some cases it is believed to have helped in 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 21 

"heading off undesirable applicants. It is to be noted that in the 
schools named the appointments have been satisfactory from our 
standpoint. 

I think it perfectly legitimate for the N. A. D. to in a courteous 
and respectful way endeavor to have superintendents appointed who 
favor the principles advocated by this Association. The school au- 
thorities generally want to do the best for the schools as they see 
it, and will be ready to listen to the side of the deaf if fairly pre- 
sented. 

THE HARTFORD MONUMENT 

At the convention in Colorado Springs a request was made that 
the National Association of the Deaf assist in raising a fund for 
restoring the Gallaudet Monument at Hartford, which is crumb- 
ling to ruin. It was estimated that the repairs would cost $1,500. 
A fund of over $2,000 is now in the bank ready for this work. 

IMPOSTORS 

An active campaign of publicity has been carried on to warn 
the public against giving money to hearing impostors who ask for 
aid under the pretense of being deaf and dumb. A large number 
of them have been sent to jail. The evil has been materially lessen- 
ed. Efforts have been made in several states to enact more stringent 
laws against this evil. This work should be continued. 



CIVIL SERVICE 

Two or three cases of discrimination against the deaf in the 
government service have been reported, and the attention of the 
proper officials called thereto. The cases complained of have not been 
modified, but the protests have apparently had the effect of prevent- 
ing further discrimination. 



STATE FEDERATION 

At the Colorado convention, after a very brief discussion, a 
plan for federation of State associations was passed, which was to go 
into effect when ratified by nine State associations. According to 
unofficial information one or two State associations have endorsed 
the plan conditionally, while others have disapproved it. So far as 
I have been officially informed, not a single State association has 
ratified the plan. 

REORGANIZATION 

The need of reorganizing the Association so as to place it on 
a more practical working basis has been felt for years. The pro- 
gram for this convention has been so arranged as to give a large 
part of the time to the consideration of this important question. 



22 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

THE TREASURY 

The treasury of the Association is in a healthy condition. Al- 
though the expenditures have been greater than during any pre- 
vious term, the balance in the treasury is larger than it has ever 
been at the opening of any of our previous conventions. 

MOVING PICTURE FUND 

A fund amounting to a little over $5,000 was collected during 
the former administration and early part of the present administra- 
tion, for the purpose of taking moving pictures of lectures in the 
sign language by prominent educators of the deaf. Several films 
have already been taken, and more are being taken. Some of the 
films have been shown in different parts of the country, and some 
of the new ones will be shown at this convention for the first time. 

POLICY OF PUBLICITY 

It has been the policy of this administration to keep our mem- 
bers informed of what was being done, through publication in the 
official organ of all matters acted on by the Executive Committee 
and matters of general interest. Financial reports have been pub- 
lished at frequent intervals. Discussions of matters before the Ex- 
ecutive Committee who have given me loyal support in all my en- 
as the members of the Executive Committee could not meet, and 
exchange of views through private correspondence was too cumber- 
some. This plan of keeping one another informed has been apprec- 
iated by the Committee. 

The matter thus published will constitute a record of the work 
of the Association, and for convenience has been collected and ar- 
ranged in a scrap book, where it will be available for future refer- 
ence. 

CONCLUSION 

In thus briefly outlining the work of the Association, I have 
confined myself to a brief statement of facts. Detailed reports 
will be given by the heads of bureaus and committees. 

In conclusion I desire to express my thanks to all who have 
aided me in the work, and especially to the members of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee who mave given me loyal support in all my en- 
deavors. 

OLOF HANSON, 

President. 

President Hanson resumed the chair. 

Mr. Cloud: After reading communications this morning we 
overlooked an important matter. We should send as well as re- 
ceive messages. I move that we telegraph greetings to our beloved 
friend, Dr. E. M. Gallaudet. 

Pres. Hanson: I received a letter from Dr. Gallaudet a short 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 23 

time ago but it was a personal letter and I left it at home. He said 
he was sorry he could not be here, but sent his love to the conven- 
tion. As you will doubtless be glad to read the letter, I shall be 
pleased with the Doctor's permission to have it printed in the pro- 
ceedings. 

LETTER FROM DR. GALLAUDET 

Hartford, June 28, 1913. 
Dear Mr. Hanson: 

I hardly think I shall be able to attend the Cleveland Convention, 
much as I would enjoy meeting its members. 

You are authorized to give my warmest greeting to all, and the 
assurance that I am in hearty sympathy with the deaf as to methods 
of instruction. I believe in giving all the deaf children in our schools 
a full opportunity to learn to speak, and read the lips of others, and 
for those who succeed I favor the use of the oral method in the 
class room. But I am not in favor of continuing oral instruction 
with those whose acquirements in speech and lip-reading are only 
limited. For such I am sure manual methods will give the best 
results. 

I favor a judicious use of signs with all deaf children, especially 
in public exercises and for lectures. 

I was sorry for the result in Nebraska, but hope matters may 
still be mended there. 

I am glad you and Mrs. Hanson were pleased with Lorna Doone. 
It seems acceptable to my friends. 

As to the Gallaudet monument, I think it should remain in the 
grounds of the school, and if the location of the school is ever 
changed, the monument should be moved with it. 

My daughter, Katherine, joins in most friendly greetings to you 
and Mrs. Hanson, and I am, as always, 

Very sincerely yours, 

E. M. GALLAUDET. 

(A few personal paragraphs in the above letter are omitted, 
not being of general interest.) 

Mr. Greener seconded Mr. Cloud's motion which was carried. 

Secretary Regensburg announced for Mr. Ayers that a picture 
of the convention would be taken immediately after the noon ad- 
journment and asked all to go over to the Court House for that 
purpose. 

President Hanson: It is asked that all who are interested will 
please return this afternoon for an informal conference on plans for 
reorganization, and Mr. Howard, chairman of the committee on laws, 
who will preside, desires a full attendance. Committees will also 
have an opportunity to meet as there is no program for the afternoon. 
Committees are announced as follows: 

On Enrollment: Messrs. Drake, Freeman, Taylor, Moylan and 
Mrs. Friedman. 



24 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

On Resolutions: Messrs. J. Schuyler Long, John H. Keiser, 
Philip Hasenstab A. B. Greener, and Mrs. A. L. Roberts. 

On Auditing: Messrs. J. M. Stewart and C. W. Charles. 

Mr. Schroeder: I should like to make a motion. We are all 
glad to be here. We appreciate and are pleased with the cordiality 
shown by the deaf of Cleveland. But many will not be able to re- 
main thru the whole session — 8 days is too long. It will be too ex- 
pensive. I believe that sentiment will sustain a motion to have the 
program shortened so that we can finish up by Monday. I move 
that a committee be appointed to make changes in the program so 
that this can be accomplished. 

Mr. Veditz seconded the motion. 

Mr. Cloud: There is nothing in the program that can well be 
omitted. As now completed, it is the result of long and careful pre- 
paration. We should give enough time to the business of the con- 
vention. Those who came here, came with that end in view. It will 
not do to cut down the program or take anything out of its regular 
order. For several weeks there has been a standing appeal in the 
Journal for suggestions and criticisms. None have been made and 
this is not the time to begin. 

Mr. Veditz: There is no objection to the program itself but it 
should not require 8 days to complete it. If we work hard we can 
finish by Monday. It will not be necessary to omit anything but 
push the program from day to day and all papers by those who are 
not here can be left to be printed. At the National Poultry Con- 
vention I attended last week we had to go over the Standard of Per- 
fection * * * * 

Mr. Taylor of Michigan (Interrupting): We do not want to 
hear a poultry advertisement; keep to the subject. 

President Hanson: Order, there, please! Mr. Veditz has the 
floor. 

Mr. Veditz: This was an important matter that required 
thought and discussion, but we finished in three days and had out- 
ings, pleasure trips, etc. The committee can change the arrange- 
ments of the program where it will not interfere with the local com- 
mittee's arrangements and we might finish our work by Monday 
evening. 

Mr. Greener: I hope this motion will not prevail. The deaf 
of the state and particularly the Cleveland local committee have 
been at work for a year collecting funds for the entertainment of 
the Convention and have received aid and concessions with the un- 
derstanding that our meeting was to be from August 20 to 27. The 
Hollenden Hotel management and other firms have granted certain 
privileges as well as subscribed liberally towards the convention ex- 
penses. To close our meeting earlier than the program calls for 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 25 

may make it difficult for future committees where the conventions 
may be held to secure privileges, on the ground that the deaf do 
not live up to their promises. Let us live up to the program as it 
is; let those who wish, leave. Those who remain can complete the 
business mapped out. 

Mr. Regensburg: I do not oppose the change but remind you 
that the local committee has made contracts; if these are broken the 
committee stands financially responsible. Better not make any 
change. 

Mr. Hasenstab: It might be a good idea to ask a conference 
between the committee on program and the local committee and find 
out where changes could be made without conflicting with the con- 
tracts made. Then advance the program from day to day. 

Mr. Hodgson: I think the discussion is entirely out of order. 
The committee appointed for the purpose made the program. There 
was no public criticism of this program as printed in the Journal. 
What did we come here for? You came here to carry out the pro- 
gram which was so widely advertised. Now if we all slip away 
what will be thought of us? Follow the program. 

Mr. Howard moved the previous question; seconded by Mr. 
Ayers. Carried. On being put there were but two in favor of Mr. 
Schroeder's motion. 

President Hanson: The motion is lost. 

A recitation, "Perry's Victory," was given by Miss Helena Froe- 
lich. 

On motion of Mr. Greener the convention adjourned at 12:50 to 
meet again at Euclid Beach, Thursday at 9 o'clock. 



Wednesday Evening 

AUGUST 20 



A reception to the convention members and visitors was given 
by the Local Committee in the Assembly room of the Hollenden Ho- 
tel. The members of the Local Committee, together with President 
Hanson, received. Refreshments were served. 



26 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 



Thursday Morning Session 

AUGUST 21 



The meeting was called to order at the Log Cabin Auditorium 
at Euclid Beach at 10:25, President Hanson in the chair. 
The invocation was offered by Rev. P. J. Hasenstab. 

GAVEL FROM THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. 

President Hanson: Mr. Freeman has asked for the floor a mo- 
ment. 

Mr. Freeman: It gives me great pleasure to tell you that we 
have some good friends in the Philippine Islands, who have shown 
great interest in our meeting and wish us success. The friends are 
Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Rice, whose daughter, Mrs. Webber, founded the 
school for the deaf there. A year ago I received from them a pack- 
age and when I opened it found this, (holding up a gavel). It came 
from Manila and was made from wood obtained in a forest in the 
Philippine Islands — Tindal wood; and was made by a Filipino boy 
aged fifteen at Zamboanga. It was sent to be presented to the As- 
sociation for the use of the president. (Presents it to Mr. Hanson.) 

On motion of Mr. Thurston of Kansas, seconded by Mr. Drake, 
a vote of thanks was given to Mr. and Mrs. Rice for the gift. 

Mr. Veditz: I have two gavels at home similar to the one just 
shown. They were given me by the donors as president of the As- 
sociation and became my personal property. I move that the gavel 
be presented to President Hanson as a souvenir of his administra- 
tion. 

President Hanson: This matter should come up under new 
business. The secretary will read the minutes of yesterday's meet- 
ing. 

The minutes were read by Mr. Regensburg, corrected to in- 
clude mention of letter received by President Hanson from Dr. 
Gallaudet and as amended were approved on motion of Mr. Greener, 
seconded by Mr. Hodgson. 

Acting-President Schroeder (in the chair): President Hanson 
will now give the report of the Executive Committee. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 27 

REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

By Olof Hanson, Chairman. 

Owing to distance, all business has been carried on by corre- 
spondence under certain rules adopted by the committee. (See Jour- 
nal, Feb. 2, 1911.) Financial matters were transacted by a commit- 
tee of three, (Journal, April 20, 1911). 

OFFICIAL SEAL. 
A motion that a committee be appointed to report on the ad- 
visability of having an official seal, and to adopt a design, was pass- 
ed. Published April 20, 1911. 

MARCH 1st THE DIVIDING DATE. 
Motion was made that March 1st be made the dividing line for 
new members, so that those joining after March 1st be credited with 
membership until June 1st of the following year. Published April 
20, 1911. Passed. 

PUTTING MOTIONS IMMEDIATELY. 
A motion was made that all motions should be submitted to 
the Executive Committee immediately on receipt of same, without 
preliminary publication in the official organ. Motion lost. Publish- 
ed Sept. 7, 1911. 

HARTFORD MONUMENT. 

A committee composed of Dr. T. F. Fox, chairman, Dr. John B. 
Hotchkiss and Mr. H. D. Drake were appointed to raise funds for 
the repair of the Hartford monument. It was estimated that the 
cost of repairing the monument would be $1500. The committee col- 
lected the sum of $2,109.63. It has been thought best to wait till 
after this convention and leave the repairs to the next administra- 
tion. 

I have had some correspondence with the Board of Directors 
of the Hartford school relative to the location and care of the 
monument after it is repaired, which is submitted herewith: 

4747— 16th Avenue, N. E., 
Seattle, Wash., June 27, 1913. 
To the Board of Directors, American School for the Deaf, Hartford, 
Conn. 

Gentlemen: — As you may be aware, the National Association of 
the Deaf has raised a fund amounting to a little over $2,000.00 for 
repairing the Gallaudet monument at Hartford. It was estimated 
that the repairs would cost about $1,500.00, and it is our purpose to 
expend this amount, and more if necessary. 



28 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

At the time the monument was erected it appears that there 
was no definite understanding with the authorities of the School as 
to the ownership or care of the monument. In repairing the monu- 
ment there should be some understanding. I do not know just how 
such matters are generally arranged, and my object in writing this 
is to get information as well as to learn the attitude of the Board on 
the subject. 

Would the Board be willing to assume the responsibility for the 
future care of the monument? It is our purpose to repair it in such 
a way as to make it as durable as possible. After being repaired 
is should last at least a generation with little or no further atten- 
tion. 

There has been some talk of removing the monument to a public 
park and presenting it to the City of Hartford, on the assumption 
that the city might be better able and willing to care for the mon- 
ument than the School. I do not know as this would be either de- 
sirable or practicable. Personally I rather think that the monument 
should remain at the School. But I wish to ask: Would the Board 
have any objection to removing the monument in case the Asso- 
ciation should decide in favor of so doing? 

It is our desire to act in friendly harmony with the Board for 
the best interests of all concerned. Our Association will hold a 
Convention at Cleveland, Ohio, August 20th to 27th next, and I 
should like an expression as to the attitude of the Board to be pre- 
sented at the convention. 

Yours very respectfully, 

OLOF HANSON, 

President N. A. D. 

INSPECTION AND INSURANCE COMPANY 

Hartford, Ct., July 8, 1913. 
MR. 0. HANSON, President, 

National Association of the Deaf, 

4747— 16th Ave., Northeast, Seattle, Wash. 
Dear Sir:— Your letter of June 27th, addressed to the Board of 
Directors of the American School for the Deaf, is duly received. The 
President and most of the directors of our institution are away for 
the summer and I doubt very much if a meeting of the Board of Di- 
rectors could be arranged before August 20th, as you suggest. 

I will, however, transmit the contents of your letter to our Pres- 
ident, Henry A. Perkins, for his attention. 

Yours very truly, 
WM. R. C. CORSON, Secretary, 

American School for the Deaf, 
Hartford, Ct. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 29 

Hartford, Ct., July 26, 1913 
MR. OLOF HANSON, President, 

National Association of the Deaf. 
(Re: Gallaudet Monument.) 
Dear Sir: — In reply to your letter of June 27th, I would advise 
that I have communicated with President Henry A. Perkins and with 
other directors in regard to your inquiries. It is impractical before 
your meeting in Cleveland to obtain a quorum at a meeting of our 
Board, but the President and the other directors feel that we are 
safe in assuring you that the Board would hope that the monument 
remain on the grounds of our institution, which we believe to be 
the most fitting place in the city for it, and that the Board will 
care for the monument to retain it in a reasonable good state of 
preservation after the repairs which you contemplate have been 
made. 

I hope that this assurance will be sufficient for your present 
purposes and that your association will feel that the American School 
for the Deaf at Hartford is a fitting location for a monument to a 
man who did so much for those unfortunates. 

As the writer is leavihg next month for a short trip abroad, I 
would suggest in case you wish to communicate further with the 
officers of the American Asylum, that you address your letter to 
Professor Henry A. Perkins, President, American School at Hart- 
ford for the Deaf, Hartford, Ct. 

Very truly yours, 
WM. R. C. CORSON, Secretary, 

American School for the Deaf, 
Hartford, Ct. 

LOCATION OF NEXT CONVENTION. 
The following cities offered inducements to the association to 
meet in their respective places: Atlanta, Omaha, St. Louis, Aberdeen, 
S. D., Minneapolis, Kalamazoo, and Cleveland. The claims of each 
city were presented in the Journal from May 11 to Sept. 14, 1911. 
The vote was Cleveland 5; Omaha 2; Kalamazoo 1. Published Oct. 
5, 1911. 

REPORT OF COLORADO PROCEEDINGS. 

Lack of funds made it necessary to condense the long papers 
read at the Colorado convention. A motion to this effect was adopted 
by a vote of 7 to 1, recorded April 11, 1912. Many of the papers 
had already been published in various papers, and reference was 
made as to where the full text of the papers may be found. An 
appropriation of $250 was made for printing the report, recorded 
June 6, 1912. 



30 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

NEBRASKA CAMPAIGN. 

The total contributions to the Nebraska campaign, according to 
report of Mr. Axling, were $359.90. The expenses were as follows: 

Expenses of Mr. Hunt at Lincoln $233.15 

Postage, etc., by Mr. Axling 18.32 

Printing and postage by Mr. Hanson 88.43 

Total expenses $339.90 

Balance paid into treasury 20.00 

Total $359.90 

Contributions were sent to Messrs. Axling, Freeman, Hunt, and 
to myself. Treasurer Freeman paid $122.40, and $142.40 was remit- 
ted, making the balance of $20.00. 

PUBLICITY FUND. 

As a sequel to the Nebraska campaign, a number of superin- 
tendents made personal contributions to carry on the campaign of 
publicity of the association. Some of these, however, stated that 
they did not make the contributions for the purpose of making a 
fight against a fellow superintendent, but because they believed that 
the policy of educating the public through circulars, etc., was a good 
one. The contributions were accepted in this spirit. The contri- 
butions to this fund amounted to $115.50. The expenses to date 
amount to $32.78, leaving a balance of $72.73. I have on hand at 
home 1800 copies of Circular No. 9, second edition, and a number of 
copies of other circulars not yet distributed. As the money was 
contributed for publicity purposes, I believe it should be used for 
that purpose and not otherwise, and if the work of publicity is 
continued the money should be used in distributing these circulars 
and other literature where it will do the most good. 

(The Treasurer's report covers the various sums drawn from the 
treasury by officers and expended by them.) 

Mr. Greener: Has the financial part of the report been audit- 
ed? 

Mr. Hanson: Yes. 

Acting-president Schroeder: What shall we do with the re- 
port? 

Mr. Greener: I move the report be accepted. Seconded by Mr. 
Cloud. * 

Mr. Veditz: There is one thing in Mr. Hanson's report that 
I desire to criticize. I understand Mr. Hanson to say that the Mo- 
tion Picture Committee had not been authorized by the National 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 31 

Mr. Hanson: The treasurer claimed that the Motion Picture 
Fund did not belong to the N. A. D., and was not subject to the 
control of the Executive Committee. 

Mr. Veditz: The Motion Picture scheme originated while I 
was president of the N. A. D. It was the direct outcome of a pro- 
posed trip all over the United States I had planned for Dr. Gallaudet. 
He could not make the trip and Mr. Regensburg suggested a mo- 
tion picture film instead. I discussed the matter with him by letter 
and finally authorized him to appoint a treasurer fcr each state; 
these became a committee responsible to the National Association. 
I informed the Executive Committee of my action and asked its ap- 
proval of my selection of Mr. Regensburg as treasurer of the fund 
and to recognize the committee of state treasurers as a committee 
of the N. A. D. This the Executive Committee did unanimously. The 
Motion Picture Fund was always under the N. A. D. Its letter 
heads bore the name of the N. A. D., so we felt all the time that 
the fund belonged to the N. A. D. There is no doubt about this 
point. 

Another thing I wish to criticize: Mr. Hanson mentioned that 
the local committee at Colorado Springs had a balance after the 
convention of $175. He asked the local committee to use this fund 
in helping print the proceedings as was done by the Norfolk com- 
mittee. This request the local committee refused, he said. He for- 
got to add, however, that the committee at Colorado Springs ex- 
plained that on its subscription papers and thru which it raised 
$1100 it was distinctly stated that any balance left after the con- 
vention was to be turned over to the Endowment Fund. The com- 
mittee therefore had no choice in the matter. It was obliged to give 
the surplus to the Endowment Fund. It could not be used for any 
other purpose. 

Mr. Hanson: Mr. Veditz's explanation of the responsibility of 
the Motion Picture Committee to the N. A. D. is exactly as I have 
always understood it. The trouble was that the treasurer of the 
fund did not accept that view, but declared the committee was in- 
dependent of the N. A. D. My letters to the Eexecutive Committee 
will show this clearly. The treasurer declared that the money was 
collected from many who were not members of the N. A. D. and 
gave their money without considering that body so he did not think 
the committee was under the jurisdiction of the N. A. D., or di- 
rectly responsible to it. The correspondence of the Executive Com- 
mitte published in the Journal will show this clearly — you may read 
it there. 

As to the $170 left by the local committee at Colorado Springs, 
we found that there was not enough money in the treasury or in pros- 



32 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

pect to print the report, and I could see no way of doing it without 
running the Association into debt. This I was unwilling to do. Hav- 
ing tried every means we could to raise the money without success 
and as we were anxious to have the report printed, I asked Mr. 
Regensburg, Chairman of the Committee on Printing, as a last re- 
sort, to inquire of Mr. Veditz whether the local committee would be 
willing to allow the $170 to be used toward printing the report. I 
hardly expected the committee would consent; but thought there 
was no harm in asking them. The reply of the Local Committee 
was "No." That was the end of it. No further attempt was made 
to use the money. 

Dr. Fox: As they seem to agree, I move we accept the report. 
Seconded by Mr. Drake and carried. 

Dr. Fox: One thing Mr. Hanson overlooked; at least he did 
not state it. The members of the Executive Committee agreed to 
make the suggestion to the Convention that the typewriter which 
Mr. Hanson has been using, and which belongs to the N. A. D., be 
given to the president to become his personal property. He fail- 
ed to report this recommendation; it should be included in the Ex- 
ecutive Committee's report. Altho he did not report it, the commit- 
tee made the suggestion. 

Mr. Veditz: I move that the Convention approve of the re- 
commendation of the Executive Committee. 

Seconded by Mr. Wyand and carried. 

Mr. Regensburg asked for the privilege of the floor which was 
granted. 

Mr. Regensburg: I should like to say a few words in reply 
to the president's reference in his report to the Motion Picture con- 
troversy between us. Were I to give a full history of the Fund from 
its inception, it would show the stand I took was correct. It is 
true that when the controversy first started, I did believe this was 
an independent movement because in my first public circular, before 
a penny was collected, I announced that the State Treasurers-some 
forty— would form a committee in charge of the fund. There was 
never a word of opposition to this, and accordingly the State Treas- 
urers got together and elected a special committee of five to look 
after the work. Then two motions were submitted for the consider- 
TZ °,I m r 1 ^ 6 L Coramittee ' Both mo «° n s recognized the 

t7e Stl T* A - °- tHrU ^ EXCCUtive Committee and appointed 
the State Treasurers committee of five in charge of the work One 
howe whlch had the support of ^ ^.J •J^*^ 

Prived him P o r f7hi C0nt r tS ' Whlle thC 0ther SU PP° rted * »• de- 
prived him of this veto power by giving him only one vote as a 

members ex officio of this Motion Picture Committee. I am sorr^ 

that tnere should still be any misunderstanding of my position, as^ 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 33 

thought the matter long since settled and as things have been run- 
ning smoothly, the purpose of this explanation is to correct this mis- 
understanding alone 

Mr. Hanson asked for the privilege of the floor. Granted. 

Mr. Hanson: I desire to express my thanks for the type- 
writer. It is in first class condition and if I were to point to it as 
evidence of hard work done, I fear it would not bear out my state- 
ment. Altho not as president, I hope I shall still have the priv- 
ilege of using the machine in the service of the N. A. D. until it is 
worn out. I thank you. 

Mr. Hanson then resumed the chair. 

Pres. Hanson: We will hear the report of the Program Com- 
mittee. 

REPORT OF PROGRAM COMMITTEE. 

Mr. Cloud: I do not think you are interested in details. I 
have no report at length. The work we did has been placed before 
you in this printed program. It appeared in the Journal which also 
contained a standing invitation for help and suggestion; None 
was received. We have done the best we coud under the circum- 
stances. As you did not help us in the making of the program 
we hope it will at least escape your criticism. 

On motion of Mr. Veditz, seconded by Mr. Schroeder, the re- 
port was accepted. 

Pres. Hanson: We will receive the report of the Committee 
on Membership, from Mr. Drake, Chairman. 

REPORT OF MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

As a Committee of one on Membership, I have the honor of sub- 
mitting the following report and recommendations: 

Since the last convention the membership of the Association 
has shown a steady increase. In 1910 just previous to the Colorado 
Springs meetings there were 75 paid up members, and the last re- 
port shows some 350 members previous to the opening of the pres- 
ent convention. This has been brought about mostly through public- 
ity of N. A. D. affairs. I have endeavored to gain new members 
by sending statements of the work of the Association, and mem- 
bership application blanks to those whom I thought might become 
interested. I have also tried by personal contact to induce the deaf 
and especially College students to become members of the Associa- 
tion. Through the publicity given the Motion Picture Fund and 
the Hartford Monument Fund the scope of the Association's work 
has become better known. 

The Constitution permits the forming of branch societies and 



34 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

I had the pleasure of founding the first branch — the Piqua, Ohio, 
Branch. This alone brought in 15 new members. Since then a 
branch has been formed in Seattle with some 20 members and also 
one in Columbus with 25. I have hopes of establishing another in 
Washington, D. C, as I feel these branches are an effective means 
of retaining members. Any club or society can easily be converted 
into a branch by making membership conditional upon joining the 
N. A. D. The deaf usually want something for their money, and 
when they are kept in touch with the doings of the Association they 
feel that it is worth while. They continue their membership in the 
parent association in order to retain the privileges of the branch. 

With a strong federation of State Associations composed of 
branches the N. A. D. would soon be a power to reckon with both 
financially and numerically. 

H. D. DRAKE. 

On motion of Mr. Wyand, seconded by Mr. Bell, the report 
was accepted. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Regensburg, Chairman of the Committee on 
Printing, will report. 

REPORT OF THE PRINTING COMMITTEE. 

This report deals with the printing of the Proceedings only. 
Other bills for printing and stationery ordered by the association 
are shown in the treasurer's report of money paid through the sec- 
retary, and some in the secretary's expense account. 

The Executive Committee made an appropriation of $250 for 
printing the proceedings of the Colorado Springs Convention. Bids 
were advertised and the contract finally let to the lowest bidder, N. 
V. Lewis, of Los Angeles, California, at a price of $1.90 per page 
for 750 copies. In order to come within the appropriation, all pa- 
pers and reports were condensed. 

Mr. Lewis lived up to his contract His work was the finest 
ever yet done for the Association. He gave more for the money 
than he agreed to. There were no delays on his part or the sec- 
retary's, who compiled the book. On account of the condensing 
ordered done, the book had to be compiled twice, and the typewrit- 
ing of the copy involving much labor was almost entirely done by 
the secretary without charge. The condensing of papers and re- 
ports was done by Mr. Roberts. 

The books were sent free to members who remitted fifteen 
cents to cover mailing and postage charges. To all others the 
charge was seventy-five cents. 

The Executive Committee appropriated $25 to send out com- 
plimentary copies to state, normal and university libraries, state 
school libraries, and to public libraries in cities where day schools 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 35 

for the deaf existed. A certain number were distributed among 
officers of the association. In all 331 books were distributed free. 

The Executive Committee originally fixed a price of 50 cents 
on the books, and the Secretary sent out pledge blanks to ascertain 
how many would order. Twenty-two members remitted the price 
in advance, and pending readjustment of the price, the money was 
turned over to the general treasurer, who applied the money to the 
payment of their dues. Through this error most of the 22 received 
their copies without the required payment of 15 cents. 

A detailed financial statement is herewith given: 

RECEIPTS 

January, 1913, Appropriation by Executive Com $250.00 

August, 1913, Sales of copies: 

by Mrs. Regensburg $27.75 

by Mr. Lewis 2.80 

by Mr. Regensburg 3.45 

by Mr. Buell (at Convention) 3.75 37.75 

July, 1913, Appropriated for library circulation 25.00 

Total Receipts $312.75 

DISBURSEMENTS 

January, 1913, N. V. Lewis, postals and printing $ 7.00 

February, 1913, N. V. Lewis, 750 copies proceedings.. 239.85 

February, 1913, N. V. Lewis, mailing env. and ptg 5.50 

February, 1913, N. V. Lewis, half-tone, ptg inserts.. 16.45 

July, 1913, N. V. Lewis, ptg. circulars to libraries 2.50 

July, 1913, N. V. Lewis, pstge on pd. and free copies.. 26.09 

July, 1913, sundry expenses 1.25 

Total Disbursements $298.64 



August, 1913, Balance on hand $ 14.11 

O. H. REGENSBURG, Chairman 
A. L. ROBERTS, 
OLOF HANSON, 

Committee on Printing. 
Mr. Cloud: How many copies of the report were printed? 
Mr. Regensburg: 750. 

Mr. Todd moved to accept report; Mr. Keiser seconded. 
Pres. Hanson: If there is no opposition the motion is declar- 
ed passed. However, we would like to have a list of the libraries 
to which the report was sent included in the printed report. 

On motion of Mr. Roberts, seconded by Mr. Cloud, a recess was 
taken until 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Time 12:15. 



(President Hanson's state ment on th e Motion Picture contro- 
versy, which should have Jjges^-ln.cl^ifliiu ( iBH^g Executive Committee 
report, page 27, will be '" " ' 




36 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 



Thursday Afternoon Session 

AUGUST 21 



Meeting called to order at 2:40, President Hanson in the chair. 

President Hanson: As we have taken a recess the program is a 
continuation of the morning session and first in order is an address 
by a fraternal delegate. The National Fraternal Society of the 
Deaf has an address to be read, prepared by Mr. Cohen of New 
York. His name does not appear on the program but his paper 
has been sent to some one to be read for him. If there is no 
objection the paper will be read. 

Mr. Greener: I object to the reading of this or any other paper 
by persons who are not- in attendance to deliver it in person. These 
papers should be omitted from the program but printed in the pro- 
ceedings, as in the case of Mr. Goldberg's and other papers. 

Pres. Hanson: There are not many papers whose authors are 
not present, and I think we can afford to read them. Mr. Goldberg's 
paper will come up later, and I think it will be worth reading as 
it may lead to valuable discussion. 

Dr. Fox: Mr. Goldberg met with an accident to his ankle or he 
would have come here to read his paper in person. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Bristol will read Mr. Cohen's paper. 

THE NATIONAL FRATERNAL SOCIETY OF THE DEAF. 

By Louis A. Cohen, of New York. 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

The goal for which we deaf men are all striving is, or should 
be, the perpetuation of the integrity and greatness of the National 
Fraternal Society of the Deaf. This Society has been placed in the 
vanguard of fraternal organizations in this country. It is my 
earnest belief that the Society's present condition and its admin- 
istration presents intelligent and salutary progress — and is without 
a peer in deaf circles. 

Glancing back over the activities of like societies, there can- 
not be found a single instance in which a fraternal order has been 
built up so that it has achieved a position of strength and stability 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 37 

unless its policy has been faithfulness to its contracts. This is cer- 
tainly true of the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf. 

If the history of the successful Divisions (or branch lodges) un- 
der the jurisdiction of the Grand Division is examined and analyzed, 
it will be found that they have been successful for the reason that 
every effort has been made and applied to avoid internal as well 
as external difficulties. 

In the history of the existence of the National Fraternal Society 
of the Deaf there has never been a time when fraternal conditions 
brought more forcibly to mind than now the need of men of a broad, 
keenly-analytical mind, of high inflexible purpose — men with an in- 
timate knowledge of the fraternal and local laws — men who are ac- 
tuated by motives that have for their object the greatest good to 
the full membership and the perpetuation of such an organization. 
There is no place where the demand for such men is greater than 
that on the roster of the Grand Division. It has been the same 
in the past. We have confidence in their ability to speak intelligent- 
ly upon all questions which may come before that body affecting 
the future of our organization. There is no need to explain now why 
this is so — it must be apparent to all men no matter what their 
intelligence may be, even without a reflection upon them. The 
success that we have achieved for our various activities during the 
fiscal year has been possible because of the loyalty and support 
given by the officers and members of our Society. This distinct 
success can be attested by the Superintendents of Insurance of var- 
ious states of the Union as well as many of the leaders in other 
and like orders; resolutions as adopted by many conventions al- 
ready held; praiseworthy letters by men of note and by the press, 
all of whom were loud in their praises. 

The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf grew up with only a 
loose form of organization. The first few local divisions were for 
a while autonomous and it was the local constitution that took a de- 
finite and fixed form. Step by step a few more Divisions were add- 
ed, thus strengthening the cause. The various hitherto isolated di- 
visions then came into closer contact with the main body and the 
sense of solidarity deepened. 

Divided in different sections, are placed hustling representa- 
tives of the Grand Division who are constantly alert to establish new 
Divisions. Every city where such a possibility exists has been com- 
municated with, and an effort to organize the members put forth. 
There are positively thousands of deaf men scattered in the towns 
and hamlets on this continent who should be affiliated with our So- 
ciety. That they have not been well-informed on the subject of 
fraternalism is, therefore, not surprising, but there will come a 
time when diligent efforts on the part of these officers will render it 



38 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

possible for them to know what advantages our Society offers them 
with a view of becoming members. In preceding campaigns, these 
hustling officers were not exempt from abuse and criticism. I re- 
gard this as an incident in our campaigns, though still hopeful 
that the time will come when it will not be thought necessary to be- 
little and abuse our members with an effort to wrest them from a 
society which in reality does a real lot of good for our class. Theo- 
retically, we have several representatives located in cities in which 
the conditions are peculiarly bad and in every instance we have made 
some advance, more in some localities — less in others. It will not be 
long before we will succeed in our efforts to build up the organiza- 
tion in its weaker links into a strong foundation. While in this 
condition, the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf is growing 
as fast as we can reasonably expect. It is enjoying a healthy 
growth; each fiscal year shows an increase in finance as well as in 
membership over the preceding twelve months. 

By close observation in deaf circles, it shows that in mod- 
ern life we are growing more ana more together. In the ancient 
times the men used to live apart or, rather, far apart; how different 
it is today! Surely this is the age of the Brotherhood of Man. We 
should contend that fraternity and mutual helpfulness as exempli- 
fied by our fraternities is indeed a practical attempt to apply the 
Golden Rule to every day life. How beneficial would it be were 
it possible for any club in a large city, whether it be a big or little 
one, and while so much money and time are wasted in frivolities 
and antagonism, should be transformed into a division and so help 
our brothers! Indeed, we are all brothers. Why not make it a 
union where strength can be obtained an maintained? In that it 
has a purpose to bring to a reality these inspiring words: 

"If fraternal love held all men bound, how beautiful this world 
would be." 

The principles as advocated by the National Fraternal Society 
of the Deaf, are founded on justice, equality and fraternity to all 
white deaf men who can qualify under its laws — and it gladly opens 
its doors to those who are willing to accept its principles and sub- 
scribe to its purpose. 

The foundation of the great structure of the National Fra- 
ternal Society of the Deaf is firmly established in prosperity and 
security. It has carried on a vast work— so vast that it would take 
a volume to describe— involving great sums of money— which has 
placed the Society in an almost impregnable position in the frater- 
nal world. It has an administration that transacts its business in 
the sight of all men. It offers material benefits which should be 
prized very highly by the deaf, as it offers exceptional advantages 
in many ways, especially sick and death benefits and social privi- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 39 

leges. This Society undoubtedly cannot be lightly cast aside. How- 
ever great the work is that is yet to be done, it has been proved to 
us by the tests of wholesome experience that in capacity, in hon- 
esty and far sighted sagacity, we have the men in its administra- 
tion who will not only secure for our organization Peace and Se- 
curity but increasing prosperity in the march of progress in this 
great country. 

It is certainly "Going Some," to use a popular expression, for 
the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf to make the gigantic 
strides that it has for the past twelve years, and the membership 
has been impressed with the fact that this advancement was done 
in spite of the carping criticism indulged in by an element out- 
side of the Society — an element which is especially vicious in its 
attack. But it is especially gratifying to know that our Society has 
always been upheld by the members who stood by it through thick 
and thin and today we look at it as a success in spite of obstacles 
that would have discouraged fainter hearts. We are still progress- 
ing and are in the vanguard of fraternal movement. We have per- 
fected policies and methods that seemed, to us, gigantic in their dif- 
ficulties and intricacies. Thank Providence we have been enabled 
to carry our ventures to Such a pinnacle of success. It is an indis- 
putable fact that whatever success this Society has obtained it 
speaks well not only for the loyalty of the membership that com- 
poses the Society but also for the deaf as a class. 

What has it done for its members? you may ask. It's books 
show that it has paid out to the beneficiaries of deceased members a 
total of $15,350.00, and to its members themselves over $13,000.00 in 
sick and accident benefits; a sum total of approximately $29,000.00 
since its organization. In addition to all this, it has drawn those of 
the deaf who are on its roster into an organization that has not its 
equal in the world — an order "of, for and by the deaf," in all good 
ways that the phrase can be interpreted as intended to convey. It 
is a federation of the best of objects, and if you can answer that fa- 
miliar question, "Are you a Frat?" in the affirmative, you indeed 
possess the key to our halls of Fraternity and Benevolence. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. J. F. Donnelly of New York will speak 
for the Knights of de 1' Epee. 

KNIGHTS OF DE L' EPEE. 

Last summer when the Knights of De 1' Epee met in convention 
in New York they delegated me to represent them and convey their 
good wishes to the N. A. D. The Knights is an organization of Cath- 
olic deaf men patterned after the Knights of Columbus. From its 



40 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

foundation four years ago in Chicago the Knights of De 1' Epee has 
steadily grown in members and popularity. It has the endorse- 
ment of priests who are interested in the welfare of the deaf. It 
has been said that the organization is opposing other societies of 
the deaf; this is untrue. The society extends the hand of fellow- 
ship and good will toward all other societies of the deaf. No society 
can claim to have been of more benefit to the deaf than our society. 
It is well understood that whatever benefits a certain class of the 
deaf indirectly benefits all the other deaf. 

Permit me again to assure you that the Knights of De 1' Epee 
wish this convention every success possible and in every good work 
for the general good of the deaf it will be found that the Knights 
individually and collectively will lend all the assistance in their 
power, ever bearing in mind the saying of the great Lincoln: "With 
charity for all; malice toward none." 

Pres. Hanson: If there are no other fraternal delegates we 
will take up the next number on the program which is a paper by 
Mr. Eickhoff, on "The Objective Point of the N. A. D." 

THE OBJECTIVE POINT OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION 

OF THE DEAF. 

By Arlington J. Eickhoff, of Michigan. 

I had not expected, or wished, I may say, to have the honor to 
address this convention on any set subject, being myself on the Pro- 
gram Committee and of course averse to extending any honors to 
myself. However, the idea presented in my subject was my sugges- 
tion, and it was put up to me to treat of it. 

I think I may claim, with all modesty, that my subject is about 
the most important that will, or can, come before you. The ob- 
jective point of the National Association of the Deaf? I don't want 
to seem to insult your intelligence, but it would be safe to wager 
that not more than one in ten can say what that objective point 
is, even when I tell you it is plainly set forth as our prime object 
in our Articles of Association. "The improvement, development, and 
extension of schools for the deaf throughout the world, and espec- 
ially in the United States." Surely our Association could not have 
a worthier object. 

To be sure, this improvement, development, and extension of our 
schools lies primarily in other hands than ours; very able and ef- 
ficient hands, as we can avouch. Yet our wish and expressed aim 
to have a part in this great work can never be regarded as med- 
dling with what is none of our business. The noble men and women 
who did so much for us— and who are doing so much for those who 
come after us would be the first to say that their plans and meth- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 41 

ods are by no means perfect, and that they are always ready to 
receive suggestions that will lead to better results. Who are so well 
fitted to offer such suggestions, who have such a legitimate interest 
in the matter, as we, who have been through the mill? We should 
be able to tell them just what things in our schooling we have found 
most useful and beneficial to us in our varied after-careers; in what 
respects we have found our education and training — in schoolroom 
and shop, in morals and discipline — lacking. 

We not only are best fitted to offer recommendations, we are, as 
said, the ones of all who have the most vital interest in the matter, 
who have the best right to be heard. Whatever proper, well-judged 
action we might take would not be butting in, and could never be 
so regarded. In fact we have had ample invitation and assurances 
from our good friend, Dr. Dobyns, in behalf of the Convention of 
Teachers of the Deaf. I understand that he has been making plans 
for us to have a day especially our own at next summer's meeting. 
We could ask no warmer welcome, no better opening. 

What has been our attitude toward these kindly hints, sug- 
gestions, and offers. We have, in effect, hung coyly back in re- 
sponse to all advances as far as I can discover. In return for the 
attendance of Dr. Dobyns and Dr. Argo as fraternal delegates (their 
move first) at our last convention, at Colorado Springs, fraternal 
delegates from our Association attended the teachers' convention 
meeting at Delavan and presented a graceful little address. It prais- 
ed the work of the teachers and schools and presented the excellent 
resolutions of the Association convention favoring the Combined 
System. I may be in error, but I believe this sums up our efforts in 
the cause of the education of the deaf during these thirteen years 
of the Twentieth Century since our incorporation. It may do as 
a beginning, but is it enough to justify lying on our oars? I, for 
one, think not. 

What should we do? As said before, superintendents and teach- 
ers frankly admit the imperfections that must attend theirs as all 
human effort, and will unaffectedly welcome definite suggestions 
looking towards real improvement in any way. It is not my place 
here to point out defects, but I would advise the appointment of a 
strong committee for thorough investigation and action. Say of 
nine members, four of them teachers (of whom we have some the 
equal in ability of any in the profession) and five of them laymen, 
chosen from among the most prominent and successful of our num- 
ber. Perhaps the representation might better be three and six. Give 
the layman their chance just providing sufficient check for them. 

Let this committee cover the whole broad subject: Combined 
System and Oral Method; school and trade departments; school- 
room work and outside work supervision and discipline; a uniform 



42 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

standard course of study, and perhaps the bringing of the same un- 
der the direct control of the States' educational departments; com- 
mon school and higher school education; foreign and domestic mat- 
ters; in short everything. 

It will be a big order. There will be exercise for what we may 
call statesmanship of the highest quality. Any one might well be 
proud to serve in such a work, on such a committee. Let it push 
and complete its work as rapidly as possible, find if the results of the 
same actually receive the welcome they should command from sup- 
erintendents and teachers, and arrange to present it to them by their 
next meeting. 

Just a word as to the Combined System and Oral Method. We 
have been two prone to condemn the latter in unmeasured terms. 
There are, in some cases at least, abuses in the use of signs at which 
the oralist may point, and which they may assert to be the cause 
and justification of their method — two much use of signs in teach- 
ing, talk allowed among the pupils in school and in evening study 
hour and the like. There may, for all we know, be things in the ap- 
plication of the Oral Method — as strict attention to business — that we 
might well adopt. If any good thing can come out of Nazareth, 
let us welcome it. 

It is time to stop taffying or unthinking abuse and platitudes, 
and do things — big things. Let us get busy and do them. 

Pres. Hanson: Discussion is in order. If none we will take up 
new business. 

Mr. Veditz: The matter of the gavel must not be overlooked. 
I move that the convention present to the retiring president, Mr. 
Hanson, as a souvenir of the convention, the gavel received from Mr. 
and Mrs. Rice. 

Seconded by Mr. Wyand. 

Mr. Cloud: (Picking up the gavel and reading from the card at- 
tached.) This says, "Presented to the N. A. D." Are we justified in 
disregarding this designation of the gift and giving it to some one 
else ? It was presented to the N. A. D. Can we give it away ? How 
can we when it is not ours to give away? 

Mr. Hubbard: If we agree with the stand taken by Mr. Cloud, 
can we not leave it in Mr. Hanson's hands indefinitely? If we never 
call for its return, it remains with him. 

Mr. Regensburg: I move to amend that we first ask the consent 
of Mr. and Mrs. Rice. 

Seconded by Mr. Schroeder. 

Mr. Long: It seems to me that there can be no question about 
our right to give it to Mr. Hanson or about the attitude of Mr. and 
Mrs. Rice. They sent the gavel to the Association without knowl- 
edge of our custom. It is very unlikely they had any particular con- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 43 

cern as to what we did with it further than that it should be recog- 
nized as a gift from them. They wished to show their interest in the 
Association and the American deaf; they sent the gavel with this pur- 
pose in view; if it is our custom to give such things to the retiring 
presidents, the donors will certainly offer no objection to our doing 
so in this case. It is ours to do with as we see fit. To ask their per- 
mission is wholly unnecessary. 

Mr. Veditz: Fifteen years ago the victor of Manilla Bay came 
home. A subscription was taken up and a home purchased and pre- 
sented to him. It was given to Dewey in appreciation of his heroic 
deed. He gave it to Mrs. Dewey. The only people who were mad 
about it were those who never subscribed a cent. Those who did 
give were content to let him do as he pleased with it. 

This gavel is now ours; I believe we can do as we please with it; 
there is no sense in sending and asking permission of the donors. 
Give it to Mr. Hanson and then write and tell Mr. and Mrs. Rice what 
we did with it. 

Mr. Drake: The President of the United States gets many val- 
uable presents from different people and from other nations. When 
he leaves the White House he does not take these things away but 
leaves them at the White House. But we have no White House 
and no place to keep such things. Let the president keep the gavel; 
if we keep it, it will become a white elephant on the hands of who- 
ever has custody of it. Give it to the president. 

Mr. Bell moved the previous question, seconded by Mr. Green- 
er. Mr. Hodgson asked for a word, but Mr. Bell refused to yield the 
floor and the motion was put, and lost. Mr. Hodgson was given the 
floor, 

Mr. Hodgson: I want a word, merely to agree with Mr. Veditz 
and to offer an amendment to the effect that the convention vote suf- 
ficient money to have a silver plate placed on the gavel upon which 
is to be engraven a statement as to how the gavel came into the pos- 
session of the association and that it was presented to the president. 
Will Mr. Veditz accept the amendment? 

Mr. Veditz: Certainly. 

Pres. Hanson: It is now in order to vote upon Mr. Regens- 
burg's motion to ask permission of Mr. and Mrs. Rice to present the 
gavel to the president. 

Mr. Wyand: I wish a word on that subject. Don't do it. In 
1899 the deaf of France took up a subscription and made a statue 
of the Abbe de 1' Epee and sent it to Kendall Green as a present to 
Dr. Gallaudet from the deaf of France. It was unusually large and 
&t. Gallaudet could not get it into his house. He was puzzled as 
to what to do with it. He thought of the college chapel. The statue 



44 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

was large and imposing; the chapel seemed to be the proper place 
for it so he presented it to the college. 

This action of Dr. Gallaudet offers a precedent. Were the deaf 
of France indignant? Did Dr. Gallaudet first ask their permission to 
give it to the college? By no means. We have no trophy case; we 
could not keep a collection of gavels; there is no officer to take charge 
of it. Give it to the president. 

Mr. Regensburg: I think we are wasting time when there is 
more important business to discuss. It may be all right to give it 
to the president but I think it a matter of courtesy to ask the donors 
and it will cost but a few cents postage, while we are wasting $10 
worth of time. 

Mr. Roberts moved the previous question. 

Mr. Greener: Ask Mr. Regensburg to withdraw his amend- 
ment. 

President Hanson: Will Mr. Regensburg withdraw his amend- 
ment? 

Mr. Regensburg: Yes. 

No objection being offered this was allowed. 

Mr. Veditz's motion as amended by Mr. Hodgson to add the plate 
was put to vote and carried with one vote opposing. 

HONORING GARFIELD AND MANN. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Hubbard has the floor. 

Mr. Hubbard: We journeyed to Cleveland after hearing much 
about the city and convention. We came, we saw, and we were con- 
quered. The city has more than equalled our expectations and all the 
promises that were made by the energetic local committee. But 
while we are enjoying ourselves here in Cleveland let us not forget 
its beautiful cemetery and that lying asleep beneath its sod are two 
loved and honored friends of ours. The first of these is James A. 
Garfield and the other Rev. Austin W. Mann, both of whom labored 
earnestly in behalf of the deaf. While in Congress, Garfield assist- 
ed Gallaudet College in many ways and is entitled to be remembered 
gratefully by us. 

Forget not the long, sad, summer days of 1881 when Garfield 
lay in the White House, the victim of an assassin's bullet; we watch- 
ed the papers day by day with hopes alternately rising and falling 
as the frequent bulletins came from the sick room. At last he was 
called, and now his remains lie entombed beneath a memorial in 
Lakeview. Let us not neglect this opportunity to pay our tribute. 

The other friend of many years was Rev. Mr. Mann. Tho suf- 
fering from constant bodily ailment, he labored unceasingly for the 
spiritual welfare of the deaf. These two friends lie asleep near us; 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 45 

I think it would be appropriate should we all go in a body on Sun- 
day to the cemetery and place flowers upon their graves in recogni- 
tion of their labors in behalf of the deaf. In this way we may also 
show to the public that while we are busy with the interests of the 
living, we are not unmindful of our debt to the dead. 

I therefore move that a committee be selected to place flowers 
upon the graves of both on Sunday after church services, if the 
weather permits; and that the members of the Convention in a body 
make a pilgrimage to their shrines. 

Seconded by Mr. Allabough. 

Pres. Hanson: How many did you propose in the committee? 

Mr. Hubbard: From 3 to 5. 

Mr. Cloud: Five would be the best number. 

Mr. Veditz: This is a beautiful sentiment; I propose we pass 
this motion with a rising vote of approval. 

Mr. Cloud: A motion like this must carry an appropriation 
clause; I would limit the amount to be expended to the discretion of 
the committee but not to exceed $10. When we thus honor Garfield 
it will no doubt be pleasing to his son who helped us in the Civil 
Service fight while a member of Roosevelt's cabinet. 

The motion, carrying Mr. Cloud's amendment, was carried by a 
rising vote. 

Mr. Howard: I am chairman of the committee on laws. We 
held a conference yesterday and wish to continue it today. We are 
anxious to solve the problem of reorganization. Let us stay and talk 
it over; it is for the interests of the association. 

After announcements by the local committee, Mr. Schroeder 
moved to adjourn. Seconded by Mr. Hasenstab and carried. Ad- 
journed at 3:50 p. m. 



Thursday Evening 

AUGUST 21 

This was Fraternity evening. The National Fraternal Society 
of the Deaf held a grand conclave at the American House, at which 
the Cleveland Division acted as host. A large class of notables were 
initiated into the solemn mysteries of the order, and the proceedings 
lasted into the small hours. 



46 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 



CcTO^Vt^JL^T' 



&LeAt do all cP Cu~ hr 




FACSIMILE OF PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON'S MESSAGE, 

CONVEYED THROUGH MR. VEDITZ, TO THE TENTH 

CONVENTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION 

OF THE DEAF. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 47 



Friday Morning Session 

AUGUST 22, 1913 

Meeting called to order in the assembly room of the Hotel Hol- 
lenden, at 9:25, President Hanson in the chair. 

Invocation by Eev. Father McCarthy. 

The minutes of the previous day were read and corrected. On 
motion of Mr. Greener, seconded by Mr. Bell, the minutes as cor- 
rected were approved. 

President Hanson: Supt. Jones of the Ohio school is here this 
morning and if no objection is offered I will ask him to the platform 
to make a few remarks, as he must leave soon. 

ADDRESS OF SUPT. JONES. 
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I feel honored to be be called upon to address you. I am aware of 
the high character of this convention. I have heard all you have 
written for the public, and I have met many of you. A groat many 
of your members have been pupils under me in the Ohio school, 
and as your bright and intelligent faces look up to me I feoi the 
honor the more. 

I hardly know what to say to you; but I would like to give a few 
words of advice and help. You already know that all Ohio gives 
you her greeting and wishes your meeting to be an enjoyable and 
successful one. I bear to you the good will of the Ohio School for 
the Deaf. 

My interest in the deaf began eighteen years ago when I was 
superintendent of the Manchester school. A deaf man came to me 
with a subscription paper asking for help for some kind of a home. 
I later learned it was the Ohio Home for the Deaf. I read the ap- 
peal and with great pleasure gave my contribution. I went with him 
into a store and asked others to help; they were glad to do so. The 
man thanked me with a smile and went his way. That was the be- 
ginning of my interest in the deaf. Three months later I was sur- 
prised when informed that I was being considered for the super- 
intendency of the Ohio School for the Deaf. My selection came as 
a surprise for I had not applied for the position and had not dream- 
ed of doing such work. But I am glad now that the work and I met. 
We have surely been good friends. 



48 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

When I came to the school all was strange to me; I could not 
even make the letter "a," much less a sign. On the opening day, for 
I took charge in vacation, when the boys and girls filed thru the 
office to register, I shook hands with them and at once felt the thrill 
that goes with genuine interest. I determined to learn their langu- 
age. (Applause.) 

My interest grew from day to day and I thought much about 
how I could help improve the school. I wanted to see it grow and 
reach a high standard of success of which the State and the deaf 
might be proud. Many opportunities for improvement soon opened 
up and from that day until now the school has had the best that is 
in me. 

You do not realize what you can do. People who stand in the 
lobby and watch you are surprised at your intelligence and capa- 
bilities. They asked me many questions about you and are great- 
ly interested in you. It is the same all over the world; people are 
greatly interested in the deaf. You know how people feel toward 
you by the way they treat you everywhere. 

But sometimes a deaf person goes astray as a hearing person 
does. Then it is like a fly in the coffee. You go into an eating 
place and order your dinner. You sit talking with your friends when 
suddenly you notice a fly in your coffee. It gives you a very un- 
pleasant shock. You call the waiter and have the coffee thrown out. 
The same sensation strikes me when I see a drunken deaf man, or 
hear of one who has committed theft or done something wrong. As 
people honor and respect the deaf above others when they are wor- 
thy, so they withdraw farther from them when they are unworthy. 

Now what will your association accomplish? What is your 
purpose? We are all interested in that. If it is based on a high 
purpose with a worthy object in view it will succeed and be of serv- 
ice to you and the deaf generally. If it be built on a narrow foun- 
dation of your personal wishes and your personal ambitions it will 
fail. It must have as its object personal service to others for the 
good of all. 

I have had correspondence with your president Mr. Hanson, 
and have read what he has written for the press. He is a wise, broad, 
liberal and fair man. There are others here, too, whose writings I 
have read, your secretary and others who are worthy leaders of your 
class. You can afford to follow them. They cause people to honor 
the N. A. D. 

There is no danger of the Sign Language disappearing. (Ap- 
plause). It will live long after you and I are dead If we were all 
to die tonight, a hundred years from now it would still be alive and 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 43 

serving the deaf. (Applause.) It has no enemies. People may dif- 
fer as to its use in school — that is all. 

But there is some danger to the combined system, as I see it, 
and I feel it my duty to tell you. I come to this conclusion from 
what I see happening in a few states. I see signs of opposition. It 
is because in our combined schools speech and lip-reading are not 
taught well enough. I do not mean that more pupils should be 
taught orally, perhaps too many are placed in the oral department 
now; but to teach those in oral classes better so as to command 
the respect of parents and friends. Their speech and lip-reading 
should be of use to them after they leave school. Parents have a 
right to insist on that. Fifteen years ago parents were asking for 
speech. Now they are asking for better speech. When oral pupils 
from our combined schools return home and cannot speak so as to 
be understood, parents want to know why, and they are blaming 
this failure on the combined system. 

I feel it is your duty to stand squarely for the best teaching 
of speech in our combined schools. Unless you do that you will be 
counted against speech and your influence will be lessened. 

If a combined school selects untrained and incompetent teach- 
ers to teach speech the work will fail and the combined school is 
under condemnation. But on the other hand, if the school appoints 
competent, well-trained teachers and places them under good sup- 
ervision, speech will improve and be usable; parents will be happy 
and there is no quarrel with the combined system. It is a very im- 
portant matter to you that the N. A. D. should stand the test for the 
good of all. If the speech cannot be taught in a combined school so 
the results will compare with that taught in an oral school, some 
day the parents will demand that our sehools be oral. Practical 
speech will be the test. The superintendent of a combined school 
has not done his duty until he employs good teachers, places them 
under good supervision, makes favorable conditions for good re- 
sults and demands them. If the speech and lip-reading are then 
poor, the combined system is not to blame. There are two courses 
for the combined system; the one leads to failure and extermination, 
the other to success and permanency. The latter means that the com- 
bined schools should meet the expectations of parents. 

Another thing that is injurious to the combined system, is the 
attitude of many school papers and of unthinking, irresponsible 
correspondents. They are constantly criticising oral work. Most of 
the schools are half or more oral. If they are half bad they are all 
bad. The criticisms are not against the deaf schools of England, 
Germany, France or the day schools and oral schools in our own 
country. They are against the combined schools. 



50 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

You will do good by selecting discreet, brainy writers who will 
help the combined schools by supporting their speech work and en- 
couraging it. 

A few years ago our poor speech work was embarrassing and 
there was just complaint. Today the sky is clearer and I can see 
hope for the future. If we meet the expectations of parents our 
school will continue under the present method. But we must keep 
abreast of the time and consider the pupils that are, and not those 
that have been. 

Let us then make the combined school strong in good work, 
strong in speech and strong in character. I feel it is my duty to 
tell you this and know you will understand my purpose. 

I receive many letters of inquiry from the deaf concerning our 
work. I know my answers do not always please them; but I must 
be honest in my statements and fair to the parents of the children 
now in our school. Other superintendents, I know, are laboring 
under the same conditions. They are trying to improve the schools 
under them and to give the children better facilities in every way. 
They need your friendship and your good will. 

In conclusion, I want to repeat that you need not be apprehen- 
sive for your beautiful and effective sign language. As long as there 
are deaf people in the United States the sign language will live as 
a perpetual blessing to them. Only, if you are a teacher, do not 
abuse it in the school room. It is poor work that hurts it. Good 
work by its friends helps it. It is an inheritance to all deaf, however 
educated, and each and every one in the fullness of time should come 
into his own. 

I would be glad to have any of you, who can, come to the Colum- 
bus reunion. We shall feel honored to have you with us. You will 
be welcome. Everything is ready for you and I close with the hope 
of seeing some of you next week. 

Mr. Todd moved a rising vote of thanks. Seconded by Mr. 
Bardes. Carried. 

Pres. Hanson: The first thing on the program this morning is 
the report of the director of the Industrial Bureau. Mr. Hunt, the 
director, is not present but has sent his report thru one of the mem- 
bers of the committee. Mr. Glover will read the report. 

Vice-president Schroeder was called to the chair. 

Mr. Glover: I will not give the industrial statistics but leave 
them to be printed. The financial report will also be omitted and 
I will give merely the report of the work of the Bureau. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 51 

REPORT OF INDUSTRIAL BUREAU. 

I respectfully present my report covering the work of the In- 
dustrial Bureau for the years 1911-12-13. 

EXHIBIT AND STATISTICS 

Your committee has labored hard and faithfully to get together 
a creditable Industrial Exhibit for this convention. We have not 
met with much encouragement. The majority of the deaf are not 
in favor of this feature. I suggest that it be discontinued. I strong- 
ly approve of State Fair Exhibits. 

Your committee also failed to secure all the figures on Indus- 
trial conditions that it desired. The Bureau sent out 3,500 ques- 
tion blanks and 2,000 deaf were met personally. From these, 2,021 
blanks were returned. It cost the Association three cents each to 
secure figures on these 2,021 names. At this rate it would cost 
$1,800 to secure correct figures on the deaf of the States and I doubt 
if the Association could get the figures desired at any price. I sug- 
gest that the Bureau co-operate with the United States govern- 
ment in getting figures, and any data it desires. The figures on the 
2,021 names will be found attached to this report. 

INCREASE SCOPE OF BUREAU. 

On my lecture trip last winter I found several instances in which 
deaf people had been cheated in land sales by fake representation. I 
also found many cases where parties had been wrongly advised in 
moving from one state to another in hopes of improving their chances 
of securing steady employment. 

I think it wise to increase the size of the committee. Have the 
Bureau in charge of a Director and have under him one member of 
the Association from each state. The member ought to live near 
the seat of government. He should keep posted on land values, 
crops grown and industrial conditions. He should keep in touch 
with the Bureau of Labor of his state. 

Any party desiring information in the above line could write to 
the Director and he in turn could secure the information from one of 
his committee. 

INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENTS IN STATE SCHOOLS. 

During the past year I visited ten Schools for the Deaf. In most 
every school I found the Industrial Section far behind the other de- 
partments. In some cases shops had been closed and other Indus- 
trial departments were in the hands of poor teachers. In every case 
I was told that the cause was a lack of funds. The deaf in the states 
should co-operate with the heads of schools and assist them in all 
ways possible in getting legislatures to allow all the money needed 
to properly run the Industrial Departments. 



52 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Trained teachers only should be employed. They come high, but 
the state as well as the deaf, get the benefit of good up-to-date in- 
dustrial training. 

Some of our schools are closing their shoe-maktrg departments. 
I do not hesitate to say that this is a mistake. During the past 
year I traveled through several states and visited several large 
cities. On the trip I visited twenty-one shoe shops owned and man- 
aged by deaf men. These shops were valued all the way from $F00 
to $3,000 each. Every shop was a money maker. 

Our superintendents should make it a point to see that as much 
English is used in the shops as in the school rooms. Words come up 
every day in the shop that are rare in the school room. Remember al- 
ways, that the deaf workman must take his instructions in writing, 
and to make a mistake, or to waste time in asking questions may 
mean the loss of a job. 

A foreman of a Kansas City planing mill told me recently that 
he has had a deaf man in his mill for eight years. He said to me: 
"That man gives me less trouble than any man I have, and I 
have twenty-two. I write down every day what I want done and 
leave the order on his bench and the work is always done right, and 
on time." 

I find the deaf workman appreciated everywhere; that is, if 
he is able to do as well, or "just a little better" than his hearing 
brother. Let our superintendents make this a motto, "Just a Little 
Better." 

SOCIAL CONDITIONS. 

Social conditions among the deaf, I find, are the same as among 
the hearing. 

Entertainment costs the deaf a little more than it does the 
hearing. The deaf cannot take advantage of free concerts, lectures, 
etc. Almost every entertainment costs the deaf money. Lectures 
in signs and motion pictures seem to find the most favor. Both are 
cheap and instructive. The only bad feature in motion pictures is, 
that objectionable films are now and then shown. Our films should 
be on the road all the time. 

The saloon, pool-hall and social evil start many of our deaf 
boys wrong even before they leave school. I believe this is caused 
by poor supervision. I believe in the deaf supervisor. Superin- 
tendents can feel free to write me on this subject. I have facts 
that I am sure will surprise many of them. 

CONCLUSION. 
In concluding this report permit me to express my appreciation 
of the assistance in my labors, and the acts of courtesy shown me, 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 53 

by the superintendents, officers and teachers of the schools I visit- 
ed last year. I desire, also, to thank the members of this Associa- 
tion and the deaf in general for your assistance by suggestive words 
of counsel and encouragment. 

With a prayer of thanks to Almighty God for His kind care in 
the past, and asking for all that is good for the deaf in the future, 
I submit this report. 

LYMAN M. HUNT, 

Director. 

FINANCIAL REPORT INDUSTRIAL BUREAU. 

Total Received $147.35 

(above does not include borrowed money.) 

Paid out $139.39 

Cash on hand 7.96 



Total $147.35 

How used: 

Printing and paper 54.10 

Postage and cards 57.89 

Express 2.45 

Meetings 20.00 

Cash book 3.75 

Paper, 12 copies 30 

Exchange checks 40 

Twine 25c, and paste 25c 50 



$139.39 $139.39 



Balance $ 7.96 

INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS 
These figures are from 2021 replies. 

1. Q. How many years did you attend school? 
A. Average 8 years. 

2. Q. Would you risk a business matter carried on through 
speech and lip-reading? 

A. 100 per cent no. 

3. Q. What do you think of farming as an occupation for the 
deaf? 

A. Over 85 per cent think it good. No answer from the other 
15 per cent. 

4. Q. What trades do you think are best for the deaf? 

A. 1, Farming; 2, Printing; 3, Shoemaking; 4, Carpentry; 5, 
Painting; 6, Book-binding. 

5. Q. Did you learn your trade at school? 



54 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

A. About 37 per cent are following the trades learned all or 
in part in our state schools. 

6. Q. The average number of days in the year employed? 
A. Average 204. 

7. Q. Do you own a home? 
A. .328 per cent yes. 

8. A. Do you belong to a labor union? 

A. About .092 per cent yes, and they favor the idea. 

9. Q. Do you think the deaf should be taught a complete 
trade while in school? 

A. 80 per cent yes. 

10. Q. What was the greatest difficulty you have met in the 
industrial world? 

A. Difficulty in getting a start and lack of proper training. 

L. M. HUNT, 

Director Industrial Bureau. 
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU AWARDS. 

Arthur W. Adams, Cleveland, O., house painter. 

Clyde Long, Indianapolis, Ind., wood mosaic work. 

Bertha Ross, Cleveland, O., hand-made pillow tops. 

Fred C. Ross, Cleveland, O., water color painting. 

Wallace S. Clarke, Grand Rapids, Mich., label cutting. 

Photographs of National Fraternal Society of the Deaf. 

Miss Grace Albert, Dayton, O., embroidery. 

Walter J. Thurston, Blue Hill, Kansas, corn and wheat samples. 

A. S. Hewetson, Riverside, Cal., photographs of orange grove 
and two silver cups. 

William Lipgens, New York, gold chased work. 

Cadillac auto from Allentown, Pa., 515 miles, Will A. Arnold, 
Albert A. Meyer, Rev. F. C. Smielau. Two days, Rev. F. C. Smie- 
lau, driver 

Ida Millard, Bridgeport, O., embroidery. 

Mrs. Hattie Edam, Cleveland, O., rae bags. 

Susie Boettner, Cleveland, O., embroidery and drawn work. 

Cora Uhl, bead work. 

Mrs. F. C. Krull, Cleveland, O., over and over curling stitch 
work. 

David Friedman, Cleveland, O., astronomical telescope, and iron 
work. 

H. DeWitt Himrod, Erie, Pa., engraving and plate-printing. 

Mr. Keiser: I notice in the brief financial report no detail ai 
certain expenditures and receipts. There were no memoranda of cer- 
tain commissions known to have been paid. I understand the N. A. 
D. has been in existence for 33 years and during that time has col- 
lected and handled from eighty to ninety thousand dollars. It has 
erected a monument to Gallaudet, placed in the college a bust of 
Garfield; raised a fund for motion pictures and more lately raised 
a fund to repair the monument at Hartford. During all these years. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 55 

there has been no suspicion attached to the administration of these 
funds. If the N. A. D. asked for funds, the deaf have been quick 
to respond because they have had confidence in it. Mr. Hunt's ef- 
forts to raise money for the Industrial Bureau were all right. The 
deaf were ready to give for they had confidence in the Associa- 
tion they were asked to help — a confidence built upon years of hon- 
est administration. But now suppose the President of the associa- 
tion appoints me a committee of one to solicit funds for some pur- 
pose; I ask the deaf for money and for every dollar I receive I pock- 
et 50 cents commission. Is this right? Certainly it is not. I be- 
lieve that when the N. A. D. is interested in any movement, any 
number of the members would volunteer their services and not ask a 
commission — some times not even expenses for postage and station- 
ery. 

When the deaf of New York were asked to aid the N. A. D.. 
Industrial Bureau they were willing to give for that purpose but 
not for a commission to a collector. One man I know of withheld 
his exhibit which he had prepared for the Industrial display here 
when he heard of the action of this collector. 

The reputation of the association for 33 years is a valuable one 
and must be guarded. When we give money to the association we 
want to be sure it will be used for only one purpose. 

Acting- President Schroeder: The report of the Endowment 
Committee is in order. Dr. Fox will read the report in the absence 
of Chairman Wright. 

Dr. Fox: I wish it clearly understood that the report is writ- 
ten by Mr. Wright and is not my report. 

REPORT OF ENDOWMENT FUND COMMITTEE. 

The Endowment Fund Committee regrets it is unable to re- 
port any further additions to the fund, the present amount of $228 in 
the treasury having been contributed during previous administrations, 
chiefly from the surplus remaining in the hands of the local commit- 
tee of arrangements of the Colorado Springs convention. 

The present committee took up its task at the time the Gallau- 
det monument repair fund was being raised, and to which the deaf 
responded liberally, and it was not deemed advisable to ask for con- 
tributions to the endowment fund at that time. 

From a review of the efforts of former endowment committees 
it is evident none of the wealthy philanthropists find any induce- 
ment for them to contribute toward the N. A. D. fund. The deaf 
of America can and should help themselves, as evidenced by the 
various funds raised when an organized effort is made. Therefore 
your committee suggests that the association take action on the fol- 
lowing: 

lst^-That December 10 (or some other significant day) be 



56 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

designated as "Endowment Fund Day" and yearly thereon sub- 
scriptions be solicited and collected by properly authorized agents 
of the association. 

2nd — That a certain percentage of initiation fees and dues be 
turned into the fund. 

Your committee understands the moving picture fund commit- 
tee has secured all of the films contemplated at the time the fund 
was collected, and more, and with the completion of present con- 
tracts there will be a considerable surplus, and this the moving 
picture committee, through its chairman, Mr. 0. Regensburg, has 
expressed a willingness to turn over to the endowment fund, and 
thus fulfill every pledge under which the fund was collected. Your 
committee hopes the convention now in session will authorize such 
a transfer. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. W. WRIGHT, 

T. F. FOX, 

J. B. HOTCHKISS, 

HARLEY D. DRAKE, 

A. L. ROBERTS. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I have a communication from Mr. Regensburg 
and some correspondence touching this matter which he has asked me 
to read. This statement gives the result of an effort on the part of 
a self-appointed committee in Chicago, of which I was one member, 
to secure aid for the Endowment Fund from a wealthy man in 
Chicago: 

THE ENDOWMENT FUND OF THE N. A. D. 

I hope the interest in the Endowment Fund is not dead. If the 
Endowment Fund committee has done anything, the public, I am 
sure, would appreciate being taken into its confidence. 

All that I have heard was of a direct request from its chair- 
man, Mr. Wright, who asked that the Motion Picture Fund com- 
mittee donate $1,000.00 to its cause. This request the Motion Pic- 
ture Fund committee treated politely, but in absence of authority, 
could make no such contribution to help the Endowment Fund com- 
mittee make a respectable showing at Cleveland. Furthermore, 
the President, to whom the request was referred to for advice, re- 
garded it as a joke, but well meant. 

However, the Motion Picture Fund committee, does not want to 
be understood as blocking the efforts of Mr. Wright, and discussed 
a resolution referring the matter of a contribution to the conven- 
tion. The rumor of such a contemplated action has brought forth 
several protests from contributors to the fund who insist that the 
fund be applied exclusively to its original purpose and no other, 
and the matter rests there. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 57 

Rev. Mr. Hasenstab, Rev. Mr. Flick and myself are not members 
of the Endowment Fund committee, but are nevertheless vitally in- 
terested in the task before it and were fortunate to make an ap- 
pointment with a widely known philanthropist for last week. This 
kind gentleman introduced us to his private secretary who inves- 
tigates all such requests and the latter gentleman gave us a re- 
spectful hearing, not for a few minutes as the appointment stipu- 
lated, but for a full hour and a half. The prepared address below 
was read to him: 

Chicago, 111., May 29, 1913. 

We are here in behalf of the National Association of the Deaf, 
an organization of deaf residents of the United States. 

The Association has had a useful existence since the summer 
of 1880. Its standing object is the uplift and advancement of the 
deaf in all possible ways — intellectual, moral, industrial and social. 
Its conventions are held triennially, the most remarkable of which 
was the World's Congress of the Deaf, held in this city during the 
World's Fair of 1893, a large number of deaf representatives from 
European countries attending. 

Its opportunities for greater usefulness are many, part of which 
have, by reason of limited finances, been checked. That its finances 
have been limited is due rather to the industrial standing of the 
deaf in general, nearly all of whom are working folks. 

It has been deemed advisable and necessary to raise an endow- 
ment fund, whose income should be sufficient to sustain all legiti- 
mate expenses incurred in promoting the interests of the deaf at 
large along industrial, intellectual, moral and social lines. There 
should be a national newspaper devoted to their cause, an industrial 
bureau, a lecture bureau, a legislative department and other de- 
partments through which these interests should be insured. 

We have spoken thus far for the National Association of the 
Deaf and its opportunities, and in case we have aroused your in- 
terest in its behalf, we have accomplished something for the deaf 
at large (of whom there are 90,000 in the United States). 

Briefly, we beg leave to ask for financial aid in starting and en- 
larging its endowment fund and that you may offer it on condition 
that the deaf make a like contribution, for then their interest will 
have been aroused and strengthened and eventually they will be able 
to look after their own interests. 

The Association will meet in Cleveland, Ohio, August 20 to 
27, this year, and will again consider the matter of an endowment 
fund. We would be pleased if we could announce your interest in 
the matter. 

Very sincerely yours, 

PHILIP J. HASENSTAB, 
GEORGE FREDERICK FLICK, 
OSCAR H. REGENSBURG. 



58 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Rev. Mr. Hasenstab, as spokesman for the party, followed up 
the address with a most eloquent plea, of which the gentleman made 
numerous notes. The advice we received was well worth all the 
pains and trouble we had taken in coming, and when certain con- 
ditions are complied with by the N. A. D. we are requested to come 
again to see him. Coming as we did as individuals, and not as repre- 
sentatives of the Endowment Fund committee, we found ourselves 
greatly handicapped, but nevertheless felt the interview was not 
without profit. 

OSCAR H. REGENSBURG 
Chicago, June 6, 1913. 

Mr. Veditz: At the Log Cabin yesterday after the convention 
adjourned we talked of the Endowment Fund during the afternoon 
conference. The talk was purely informal. I suggested that Mr. 
Hubbard be made a committee of one to meet the deaf during the 
convention and ask for pledges to the fund. It was finally agreed 
to. This committee of one, of course, has no official standing. But 
if it is not contrary to the order of business, I move the convention 
agree to this arrangement and officially recognize Mr. Hubbard as a 
committee of one to solicit subscriptions to the Endowment Fund, he 
to be under the control of and work with the Endowment Fund com- 
mittee. 

Acting-President Schroeder: Action on the report of the En- 
dowment Fund Committee is in order. 

Mr. Hanson: I move we adopt the report. 

Mr. Long: Is that word "adopt" or what? I understand if we 
adopt a report it binds the convention to carry out its recommenda- 
tions and I object to that part of the report which recommends the 
Motion Picture Committee turn over part of its funds. 

Mr. Hanson: What word do you want then? 

Mr. Long: Suppose we say "accept;" that won't bind us. 

Mr. Hanson: Change it to "accept," tho I don't think it makes 
any difference. 

Seconded by Mr. Taylor, of North Carolina. 

Dr. Fox: Now, right here, I would like to have a clear un- 
derstanding of the matter of this report. As it seems to me, the 
attitude of Mr. Wright is that he understood Mr. Regensburg 
agreed to that arrangement in the disposal of part of the Motion 
Picture Fund, but did not demand it. Mr. Wright was trying to do 
his duty. When we saw the Hartford Monument Committee trying 
to raise funds we thought it a bad time to start our own solicitations 
and that we had better wait, and after that fund was raised we 
might do something. His heart and soul were in it, but we did not 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 59 

want to try to do too much at once. The Gallaudet Monument Fund 
is now finished; the new committee of the Endowment Fund can go 
ahead with it. Mr. Wright did not demand the money from the 
Motion Picture committee. That is my understanding of it. 

Mr. Regensburg: Last February Mr. Wright sent me a letter 
asking me to give $1,000 to the Endowment Fund committee. While 
I did not agree to the idea I felt it was my duty to put the matter 
before the committee for consideration. So I made a motion to the 
committee that the amount be given, my object being to bring out 
discussion and find the sentiment of the other members. I wonder- 
ed if President Hanson agreed to this move of Mr. Wright and so 
wrote him. He said he thought it was absurd to take money from 
the Motion Picture Fund at this time. The committee came to no 
definite decision and the matter was dropped. Afterward I learned 
that Mr. Wright intended to bring the matter before the convention 
here so I moved that we wait and let the matter be decided at Cleve- 
land. The committee does not take any position in the matter but 
has left it entirely for you to decide. 

Mr. Veditz: I think we need not quarrel about the Motion 
Picture Fund. On the subscription blanks it was distinctly stated 
that any balance after the work of the committee had been com- 
pleted was to go to the Endowment Fund. But the work of the 
committee is by no means finished. We must wait until it is. If 
there is any balance it will automatically go into the fund without 
any action on our part. Give the Motion Picture committee time 
to complete its plans. After it is thru it will act. We need not quar- 
rel about it now. 

Acting-President Schroeder: Mr. Hanson's motion to accept the 
report is in order. 

Mr. Cloud moved a vote be taken; seconded by Mr. Keiser; car- 
ried. 

Mr. Hanson's motion carried without opposition. 

Mr. Cloud: We have not yet acted upon the motion of Mr. 
Veditz to legalize the appointment of Mr. Hubbard as a committee of 
one to solicit subscriptions to the Endowment Fund. 

Acting-President Schoeder: That will come up under new bus- 
iness. The report of the Industrial Bureau has not yet been acted 
upon. 

Mr. Hanson: It is true that this report is not yet acted upon and 
I want to say a few words of explanation. Mr. Keiser criticized Mr. 
Hunt who is not here to defend himself, as he could not spare the 
money to attend. Neither is Mr. Cohen here to explain his action and 
we might withhold criticism. Mr. Hunt asked to take charge of the 
Industrial Bureau and I appointed him because of the interest he 



60 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

showed in the matter. He went ahead with much enthusiasm. He sent 
out blanks. I did not want to pour cold water on his zeal and did 
not object. But later he found he had tried to do too much and it 
was discontinued. He had no authority to allow commissions, and I 
had not heard about it. I understand that the commissions receiv- 
ed by Mr. Cohen have been refunded, and will be shown in the re- 
port. Mr. Hunt's intentions were good. He was very much inter- 
ested and did valuable work. Maybe he did not act perfectly in 
all things but give him credit for the good work he has done. To 
stop further debate I move the report be accepted without any ac- 
tion on it, and that the debate be closed so as to meet Mr. Reiser's 
objections. 

Mr. Veditz seconded. 

Mr. Keiser: I desire to discuss this matter further. I hap- 
pen to know the sentiment in New York. There is a great deal of 
dissatisfaction. It is not a slight matter which can be easily white- 
washed. It is not good business to accept a report without an ac- 
counting of money. If the committee lacks courage to give it, some- 
thing is wrong. I ask Mr. Hanson to withdraw his motion and al- 
low me to offer a substitute providing for a committee of five to 
examine the report in detail and report to the convention later. 

Mr. Hanson: I will consent. 

Mr. J. C. Miller seconded Mr. Reiser's motion. Motion carried 
with three against. 

Mr. Reiser: I suggest that the committee be named at once to 
give them time. 

Acting-President Schroeder: Mr. Reiser wishes the committee 
named at once. I will therefore ask Mr. Reiser to act as chairman, 
with Messrs. Veditz, Miller, R. S. Taylor, and Tracy comprising the 
balance of the committee. 

President Hanson resumed the chair. 

President Hanson: I will ask for the report of the Motion Pic- 
ture committee, Mr. Regensburg, chairman. 

Mr. Regensburg: I would suggest that this report be deferred 
until after the exhibition of films tonight. After these have been 
seen you will be better able to consider the report. 

Pres. Hanson: That is a good suggestion. If none is opposed 
the report will be postponed till later. I will then call for the re- 
port of the committee on the Hartford Monument. 

Mr. Regensburg: I have word from the telegraph office to the 
effect that they were not able to deliver the message sent to Dr. 
Gallaudet as he was away on his vacation. 

Dr. Fox: The committee appointed to collect the fund to repair 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 61 

the Gallaudet Monument at Hartford collected over $2,000. (Ap- 
plause). It is not mentioned in my report but I wish here to ac- 
knowledge the valuable work done on the committee by Dr. Hotch- 
kiss and Mr. Drake. It has been a pleasure to work with such 
members and they deserve the thanks of the Convention for the 
large amount of work they did and the fidelity with which they ac- 
complished it. The report is accompanied by a financial statement 
showing from whom the money was received but does not include the 
numerous small accounts. I think it will be necessary for me to 
read only the totals from states and the complete statements to go 
on record in the proceedings. 

REPORT OF THE HARTFORD MONUMENT COMMITTEE. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

The Committee appointed to represent the association in the 
collection of a fund to be used in repairing the Monument in mem- 
ory of the Reverend Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, at Hartford, Conn., 
respectfully reports. 

The Committee was appointed on March 25, 1912, organized 
in September, and by the middle of October had distributed circulars 
and subscription blanks to agents throughout the country. The 
first bulletin of subscriptions received was issued in December. While 
some of the parties to whom blanks were sent did not make any 
collections, at least made no cash returns, the general response 
was quick and generous, the $1,500 required being practically as- 
sured on December 11th. To keep the public informed of the prog- 
ress being made, weekly bulletins were published in the Deaf Mutes' 
Journal. In these bulletins there were several unavoidable errors 
of statements, due to the fact that some collectors obtained sub- 
scriptions in other states than their own, which were credited to 
one instead of two or more states. In several instances agents were 
credited with the full amount of collections recorded in their lists, 
deductions for money orders and personal expenses being over- 
looked, in order that the name of every subscriber should be pub- 
lished. 

The grand total of the contributions amounted to $2,109.63, 
from which there was deducted $90.80 for expenses, leaving a bal- 
ance of $2,018.83 which was deposited in the Union Savings Bank, 
Washington, D. C, and draws 3 per cent interest. As far as pos- 
sible the errors and discrepancies which appeared in the bulletins 
have been corrected, but there still remains the sum of $13.87 which 
has been credited to Unknown Contributors. 

In closing its work the Committee congratulates the associa- 
tion, and takes the opportunity to express its sincere appreciation 
of the generous assistance rendered by the numerous agents, vol- 



62 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

untary collectors, and thousands of contributors; to the superin- 
tendents and principals of both oral and combined schools for the 
education of the deaf for enthusiastic aid; to Prof. E. H. Currier, 
principal of the New York Institution, for the donation of the bills 
for printing; and to the editor of the Deaf -Mutes' Journal for the 
publication of the bulletins. All in combination have made pos- 
sible the successful completion of this fund for the restoration of 
the monument to the father of deaf-mute education in America. 

STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE FUND FOR THE 
REPAIR OF THE GALLAUDET MONUMENT. 

Receipts. 

Loan advanced by the N. A. D. for expenses $ 25.00 

Alabama _ 8.75 

Arkansas _ - 18.65 

British Columbia - 4.00 

California _ 39.95 

Colorado 5.00 

Connecticut 73.5? 

Delaware _ 1.60 

District of Columbia 61.87 

Florida 11.50 

Georgia _ 26.10 

Hawaii Islands 10.00 

Idaho 7.60 

Hlinois _ 102.00 

Indiana 40.90 

Iowa 1160 

Kansas 40.16 

Kentucky _ 26.41 

Louisiana 26.70 

Maine _ 49.54 

Manitoba 4.00 

Maryland ._ 21.00 

Massachusetts _ 164.95 

Michigan _ 72.55 

Minnesota _ 45.33 

Mississippi _ 24.90 

Missouri _ 23.55 

Montana _ 19.10 

Nebraska _ 13.59 

New Hampshire 8.25 

New Jersey 45.65 

New Mexico 9.45 

New York 427.97 

North Carolina 25.80 

North Dakota _ 10.85 

Ohio 143.11 

Oklahoma [ 13.61 

Oregon ZZZZZZZZ! 22!37 

Pennsylvania _ 109.35 

Rhode Island ZZZ!.*." 13.00 

South Carolina _ „ Z"Z".... 13i21 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 63 

South Dakota 16.98 

Tennessee 40.53 

Texas „ 11.25 

Utah 14.75 

Vermont 10.00 

Virginia 10.37 

Washington 54.50 

West Virginia „ 36.67 

Wisconsin 78.32 

Various Unknown Contributors 13.87 

Total $2,109.63 

Expenditures. 
October, 1912, Printing 1500 Letter-Circulars, 2300 Sub- 
scription Blanks, 200 Letters to Supts $16.75 

1 Copy of Bacheberle's Directory 80 

Postage 4.60 

November, 1912, 8 Photographs Gallaudet Monument 6.00 

2 Cuts Gallaudet Monument 6.40 

500 Prints Gallaudet Monument 6.50 

300 Large Manilla Envelopes 1,00 

Express Fee on Blanks 45 

Postage 8.77 

December, 1912, Expenses of F. M. Hayes, Agent 25 

Expenses of I. M. Robinson, Agent 10 

Expenses of C. D. Seaton, Agent 18 

Expenses of P. E. Seeley, Agent 08 

Expenses of W. C. Fugate, Agent 1.10 

Expenses of W. J. Geilfuss, Agent 75 

Expenses of J. H. Cloud, Agent 3.75 

Printing Programs for D. C. Play _ 1.50 

Postage 1.25 

January, 1913, Expenses of J. B. Bumgardner, Agent 45 

Expenses of Rion Hoel, Agent 08 

Expenses of Louis A. Divine, Agent 18 

Expenses of E. V. Kemp, Agent 1.25 

Postage 56 

February, 1913, Postage 20 

Bank Charges for Collecting Checks 90 

March, 1913, Postage 1.05 

May, 1913, Expenses of C. W. Charles, Agent 75 

Expenses of D. H. Marshall, Agent _ 15 

Return of N. A. D. Loan 25.00 

Total $90.80 

Recapitulation 

Total Receipts $2,109.63 

Total Expenditures $ 90.80 

Balance in Union Savings 

Bank, Washington, D. C $2,018.83 

Respectfully submitted, 

THOMAS FRANCIS FOX, Chairman, 
JNO. B. HOTCHKISS, Treasurer, 
H. D. DRAKE, 

Gallaudet Monument Repair 
Fund Committee 



64 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Mr. Cloud: I move we accept, adopt, approve and in all other 
ways receive the report. 

Seconded by Mr. Wyand. Carried by a standing vote. 

Calls for Mr. Drake. 

Mr. Drake stood up and received the cheers of appreciation. 

Mr. Drake: I would like to mention a matter which Dr. Fox did 
not include and of which he may not have been aware. Dr. Hotch- 
kiss has made a list of names of everyone who contributed to the 
fund and will place the same in some receptacle in the monument. I 
also have a number of pictures of the monument for distribution to 
those who may wish them. 

Pres. Hanson: Next on the program is a paper by Rev. J. H. 
Cloud on "A Plea for a Statue of Abbe de l'Epee in America." I trust 
the discussion of the paper will be short. 

PLEA FOR A STATUE OF ABBE DE L'EPEE IN AMERICA. 

(Rev. Father McCarthy reading orally.) 

Two hundred years ago and more today there was born in 
France a man who was destined to become the recognized founder 
of deaf-mute instruction and the father of the language of con- 
ventional signs — Charles Michel de 1' Epee. 

Of a family prominent in the annals of his country, possessed 
of ample means, endowed with a liberal education, having a heart 
strong in love and sympathy for humankind, and with every prospect 
of a brilliant career in whatever calling he might choose for him- 
self, he departed from the beaten path of glory and made a new 
path, more glorious still, to be followed, in later years, by Sicard, 
by Clerc, by the Gallaudets, and by all who have been, and by all 
who are yet to be, the true friends, teachers, and benefactors of 
the deaf. 

There stands in Versailles, on the outskirts of Paris, marking the 
birthplace of De l'Epee, a noble statue, heroic in size, lofty in sen- 
timent, of rare artistic beauty, the work of a deaf sculptor and 
the gift of the deaf of France. 

This statue is but a partial expression of the veneration in 
which De l'Epee is held by the deaf of his own country — a venera- 
tion shared by the deaf of other lands— but by none more than by 
the deaf of the United States. 

It was fortunate that the elder Gallaudet, in his quest for in- 
formation as to how the deaf might be taught, was finally directed 
to France. From the school founded by De l'Epee, and presided over 
by his illustrious pupil and successor, Sicard, Gallaudet obtained 
for the American deaf their two great boons— manual spelling and 
the sign language. 

The American deaf, under the auspices of this Association, have 
erected, at Washington, a statue to their greatly beloved national 
benefactor Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet. The national college for 
the deaf at Washington bears his name. The anniversary of his 
birth is receiving a wider observance with each succeeding year. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP THE DEAF 65 

His place in the hearts and minds of the American deaf as their 
"friend, teacher and benefactor" is secure for all time. 

But De l'Epee, the universal benefactor of the deaf, deserves 
a more fitting recognition at our hands than he has yet received. 
Let there be erected, under the auspices of this Association, at 
some place yet to be determined, a statue that will be a permanent 
memorial and a witness of the love and esteem which the Amer- 
ican deaf have for him who founded the first public school for the 
deaf, the most successful method o£ educating the deaf, and who gave 
the deaf the manual alphabet and the language of conventional 
signs — Charles Michel de l'Epee. 

Father McCarthy: I was caught in the rain yesterday and for 
shelter stepped into the vestibule of a house on the way until the 
storm should pass. There happened to be a stranger in the doorway, 
a fine appearing gentleman, of whom I asked the direction to the 
Hollenden Hotel. He courteously indicated the devious road, "but," 
said he, " you must take my umbrella, for it would not be well for 
you to get wet." I was astounded at the kindly offer from a casual 
wayfarer; still, thanking him, I took the umbrella, which, by the 
way, was of expensive design, thinking the action was good for hint 
and for me, for it gave expression to his goodness of heart and fill- 
ed me with renewed confidence in human nature. It also set me 
thinking of that stranger who, some two hundred years ago, found 
a benighted deaf-mute child in distress. "Come with me," said he, 
"I will give you food and raiment and shelter; I will lead your 
soul from darkness into light." That stranger was Abbe de l'Epee. 
Who shall measure the beneficence of that kindly deed then, since, and 
to the end of time? I venture to say our own country has received 
the largest share, and yet not a stone has been raised, not a flower 
has been dropped in memory and gratitude to the benefactor who 
gave all he had and spent his life for the regeneration of the deaf. 
We have waited overlong; let us assume this undertaking now with 
a large heart and erect such a monument as will show the whole 
world that the deaf are grateful to the man who sacrificed his means, 
his talent and his life for their world-wide and lasting disenthrall- 
ment. 

Mr. Wyand rose to speak. 

Pres. Hanson: I think we had better put off the discussion till 
we take up new business. 

Mr. Cloud: I think we had better settle the matter right now. 

Mr. Wyand: You are all aware of the great advancement of 
the deaf of the United States. Few of you have ever seen an Epis- 
copal and Catholic priest stand side by side on a platform with a 
common motive. In this matter, it is proper that we put aside all 
differences of religion. We all confess we owe our present condition 



66 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

and happiness to a priest. I am an ordained Baptist preacher but I 
may say that I have many friends, open hearted and generous, who 
are Catholics but I never think of our difference in religion. 

We have many memorials to benefactors of the deaf, but to the 
father of all who delivered us from bondage we have shown no sub- 
stantial honor. I think it is high time the deaf of the nation should 
show their gratitude by erecting a statue equal to or greater than 
that of Gallaudet. De l'Epee did most for the deaf. I feel like say- 
ing all I can for him. 

Father Moeller: I want to see the sign language preserved. 
Let us erect a statue to the man who invented the language of 
signs. Rev. Mr. Cloud spoke of the statue at Washington. The deaf 
from all over the country go to Washington to be taught by the 
nation. We all want the sign language to live; let us show our love 
for the sign language by a memorial to him who originated this, the 
best way of teaching. I am sure that we can do it. 

Discussion closed. 

Pres. Hanson: We now have a paper by Mrs. Bates, on "Signs 
and Signs." 

Mrs. Bates delivered her address which was read orally by Mrs. 
Flora F. Andrews. 

Pres. Hanson: We will have a recitation by Mr. Marshall, 
entitled "Yankee Doodle." 

Mr. Marshall's recitation followed. 

Pres. Hanson: The committee on floral tribute to Garfield and 
Mann will be Messrs. Hubbard, Bell, Allabough, Waters, Miss Schon- 
enberger and Mrs. Elmer Bates. 

Should we not have a committee on Necrology? 

Mr. McGregor: I move the chair appoint a committee of three 
on Necrology. 

Seconded by Mr. Johnson. Carried. 

Pres. Hanson: It will no doubt interest you to hear that Mr. 
Howard landed an impostor on the streets of Cleveland yesterday. 
He met the man on the streets and was asked for ten cents. Mr. 
Howard recognized he was an impostor when he pretended to talk 
in the sign language. He sent for a policeman and had him run 
in. He is to appear in court this morning and we will hear later 
of the result. 

Mr. Long: Here is a design for a seal for the Association. 
It is submitted for the approval of the Association before having the 
die made. 

Mr. Regensburg: I think it would be a good idea to have a 
motion picture film made of the exercises at the Garfield monument 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 67 

on Sunday and take a picture of Mr. Hubbard delivering the ad- 
dress. In this way it can be perpetuated. So I wish all would be at 
the cemetery for the exercises. 

The suggestion was informally approved. 

Mr. Cloud: I move we take a recess until 2 p. m. 

Seconded by Mr. Smielau. Carried. 

Adjourned at 12:55 p. m. 



Friday Afternoon Session 

AUGUST 22, 1913 



Meeting called to order at 1:50, President Hanson in the chair. 

Pres. Hanson: We will take up the program where interrupt- 
ed this morning. Mr. Cloud has the floor. 

Mr. Cloud: This morning I outlined briefly reasons why the N. 
A. D. should take steps to erect a memorial to the Abbe de l'Epee, 
the memorial to take the form of a statue to be erected in the Unit- 
ed States at some place and at some time hereafter to be agreed up- 
on. De l'Epee was the originator of the sign language and the 
founder of the first public school for the deaf to be supported by the 
government. I feel that after 200 years the time is now ripe for 
us to show our gratitude, and for the services of our benefactor to 
be remembered. We already have a statue to Gallaudet; but De 
l'Epee is also worthy of being remembered, for it was he to whom 
we owe the sign language. I therefore move that the president select 
a committee consisting of representatives from different sections of 
the country, say, of twelve — more or less — to have power to or- 
ganize, plan and go ahead in raising money for the purpose of this 
memorial and carry the project thru to completion. I think it wiser 
to leave the place and exact character of the memorial undecided for 
the present. Let the committee go to work and report its program 
to the convention. 

Seconded by Mr. Schroeder. 

Mr. Regensburg: I am not opposed to the idea but would call 
your attention to the fate of the statue of the Abbe sent from France 
to the World's Fair in 1893. It was on exhibition in Statuary Hall 
during the World's Fair. After the close of the Fair there was con- 
siderable discussion as to the disposition of the statue. It was finally 
decided to leave it in Chicago and present it to the public. I was a 
member of the committee to decide where it should be placed. We 



68 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

selected the Public Art Gallery. It was placed there in a conspicuous 
spot. In a few years it disappeared. We began an investigation and 
after some inquiry found it had been stored down in the basement. 
We then got permission to have it placed in the Public Library 
across the street from the Art Gallery. On visiting the place one 
day I discovered it had been placed in the "Blind Room." After- 
ward the room filled with books and the statue was removed to make 
room for more. Today I don't know where it is. It might be a 
good idea for the committee that takes hold of this matter to get 
possession of the statue and have a bronze cast made of it. It was 
the gift of the deaf of France, and the work of this committee might 
include the making of a bronze cast of this statue. 

Pres. Hanson: The question now is whether we shall under- 
take it at once or just agree to take steps in the matter and leave 
it for the new president to select the committee? 

Mr. Cloud: My motion was to take the matter up at once. 

Pres. Hanson: All in favor of Mr. Cloud's motion stand. Most 
of the audience stood up. Contrary minded? (One: Mr. Taylor of 
Michigan.) 

Mr. Schroeder: I move the selection of the committee be left to 
the new president and the number of the committee be left to the 
Executive Committee to decide. 

Seconded by Mr. Cloud. 

Dr. Fox: I think Mr. Schoeder's motion should be supported. 
We have now done all we can. Leave the final decision to the new 
Executive Committee, and the new president. In a few days we old 
officers will be out of office. The matter is one that will come up 
for the new ones to handle; let them decide whether the committee 
be composed of 5 or 12. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Schroeder has the privilege of withdraw- 
ing his motion if he is satisfied to leave it to the new president. 

Mr. Schroeder: I am satisfied to leave it that way and with- 
draw my motion. 

Pres. Hanson: The matter then is left with the Executive 
Committee. Mr. Cloud has the floor. 

Mr. Cloud: At Euclid Beach yesterday, at an informal meeting, 
there was talk of ways and means for increasing the Endowment 
Fund. I wish to embody in a formal motion the consensus of opin- 
ion of that informal meeting, which is that December 10 or a date 
as near thereto as may be more convenient, each year be set aside as 
a date upon which the deaf in different localities should, by such 
means as they see fit, raise money for the Endowment Fund. 

Pres. Hanson: For each year or for once? 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 69 

Mr. Cloud: For each year until there is sufficient endowment. 

Seconded by Mr. Veditz. 

Pres. Hanson: Is there any opposition? (None). The motion is 
carried. 

Mr. Veditz: At this informal meeting at the Beach yesterday 
there was another matter talked of and favorably received. The 
action was not formal but all agreed to it. This was to select Mr. 
Hubbard a committee of one to solicit subscriptions to the fund. I 
desire to make the motion that this suggestion be endorsed by formal 
action of the convention. 

Seconded by Mr. Cloud. 

Pres. Hanson: If there is no opposition the motion is declared 
passed. (None.) We r.-ow come to the report of the committee on 
laws. 

Mr. Howard: The committee is not ready with a full report. 
Mr. Hanson proposed that we get together in caucus in the after- 
noon, talk freely and informally with the hope of getting some good 
ideas, and formulating definite plans. Then the committee would 
meet, put these ideas in shape and embody them in a final report 
to you in convention. Many who were interested did meet here; ideas 
were presented, criticized and freely discussed. The consensus of 
opinion is that we keep our old laws and build upon them as a basis 
— change and improve them. However, we have before us a whole 
plan properly presented as an amendment by Mr. Regensburg, to 
supercede our by-laws as a whole. It would be absurd to spend time 
on amendments and then drop the whole thing for Mr. Regensburg's 
plan. I move we neither discard Mr. Regensburg's plan nor adopt 
it as a whole but make use of such portions of it as we may need. 

Seconded by Mr. Johnson. 

Mr. Regensburg: I want to say that I agree with Mr. Howard, 
and withdraw my plan as an amendment to the whole and consent to 
have sections of it used as required. 

Pres. Hanson: Since Mr. Regensburg withdraws his plan as an 
amendment to the whole we will use such parts as required. 

Mr. Howard: There is one thing wrong about our constitution. 
We have a charter and a constitution. The first thing is to drop the 
word "constitution" and substitute the word "by-laws." 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Howard moves we change the word "con- 
stitution" to "by-laws." 

Seconded by Mr. Keiser. Carried. 

Mr. Howard (Reads the preamble to the constitution): Any 
amendment offered to that? In caucus the sentiment has been free- 



70 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

ly expressed that the name of the association be not changed. I 
move the name of the association be not changed. 

Seconded by Mr. Veditz. Carried unanimously. 

Mr. Veditz moved that the President extend an invitation to 
the several state organizations of the deaf to become members of 
the N. A. D., on the basis of ten cents per year per member of said 
state organizations, said state organizations to preserve their inde- 
pendence in all matters concerning their government and aims as 
heretofore. 

Seconded by Mr. Schroeder. 

A long discussion of the matter followed. The debate was par- 
ticipated in by Messrs. Veditz, Pox, Schroeder, Stewart of Michigan, 
Wyand, Cloud, Hasenstab, Greener, White, Regensburg, Hodgson, Al- 
labough, and Todd. No agreement was reached, and the motion was 
finally tabled. 

Mr. Schroeder: I move that the president select a committee 
of five to meet with the committee on laws and agree on amend- 
ments to be submitted. 

Seconded by Mr. Hasenstab. Carried. 

Pres. Hanson: As members of this committee I name Messrs. 
Hasenstab, Stewart of Michigan, Veditz, Fox and Cloud. 

Dr. Fox: Here is a telegram from Dr. Dobyns. The telegram 
is as follows: "Educated deaf will have day at Staunton Convention. 
Would like for Fraternal delegates to help prepare program. Greet- 
ings." 

I move the president appoint a committee of three to assist in 
preparing a program for the day as suggested. 

Seconded by Mr. Miller of North Carolina. 

Mr. Cloud: Dr. Dobyns has shown great interest in the Teach- 
ers' convention and in the N. A. D. but in this instance he seems to 
have let his zeal run away with him. He goes out of his sphere to 
connect the teachers' association with the N. A. D. As a member of 
the Teachers' convention and also of the N. A. D. I fail to see any 
reason for bringing the N. A. D. into the Teachers' convention. By 
what right or authority can he do this? 

Mr. Long: We are the members of the N. A. D. and that is 
just the reason we ought to show an interest in the convention of 
teachers and methods of instruction which they meet to discuss. Dr. 
Dobyns has given us an opportunity to present our views publicly. 
We have expressed our sentiments towards methods of instruction in 
resolutions. Now we have a chance to present them before those 
whom we wish most to impress. It may be this is an opportunity for 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 71 

the camel to get his nose in and later we may be able to get in bod- 
ily. I think it is well that we should accept the invitation. 

Dr. Fox: Some time ago Dr. Dobyns printed several questions 
to get the ideas and thought of the deaf on educational matters. I 
told him we deaf did not have quite a fair show. We attended the 
convention but were given little time to make ourselves heard. He 
evidently took the hint and has now offered the deaf a chance to tell 
what they think about educational matters. Now we can tell them 
at the convention. As Mr. Long has just said, it is the right thing 
to go and show the teachers at their own convention what we think. 
The teachers have always had their own way until the N. A. D. 
began to show opposition and then they began to take notice. We 
should accept the invitation. 

Put to vote, the motion passed without opposition. 

Pres. Hanson: The next paper on the program is by Mr. Tilden, 
on "Reorganization of the N. A. D., or Federation." Has any one 
heard from him? 

Mr. Regensburg: He wrote me he would decide about coming 
about July 1. I have heard nothing since. I move we omit the num- 
ber from the program with the understanding that if the paper has 
been prepared it be allowed to go in the proceedings. 

Seconded by Mr. Bardes. Passed. 

Mr. Todd: I have sheets, each containing a list of questions 
concerning the state associations, societies and clubs and I would 
like for some of you to come and get them to fill out with answers in 
order to help me gather certain data. 

Pres. Hanson declared the meeting adjourned at 5:20 p. m. 



Friday Evening 

AUGUST 22 



The convention members were given a street car excursion out 
to Lakewood, Ohio, where under the management of the Motion 
Picture Committee of the association the films made by the com- 
mittee were shown at the Lakewood Theatre. A list of the films 
shown will be found in the report of the above named committee, 
elsewhere in this report. The pictures shown did not include those 
made at the convention. 



72 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Saturday, August 23 

The Local Committee gave an all-day picnic at Luna Park. 
Various games and contests among the delegates were arranged and 
carried out by the managers of the affair. In the evening, through 
the courtesy of the management of the park, all the various attrac- 
tions were thrown open to members of the convention. 



Sunday, August 24 

Religious services were conducted by visiting clergymen at var- 
ious churches in the city. At the Euclid Avenue Baptist church Mr. 
John D. Rockefeller was an interested witness of part of the services 
conducted by deaf clergymen. Catholic services were held at the 
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, in the morning, and in the 
evening at the Cathedral Hall there was a gathering of Catholic 
deaf, under the auspices of the Knights of De l'Epee. The Epis- 
copal and the Methodist churches were also well represented at the 
convention, the visiting clergy of the former holding conferences 
during the week. 

Sunday afternoon probably the most beautiful and impressive 
feature of the convention occurred. The members went in a body to 
Lakeview Cemetery and at the tomb of President James A. Garfield 
tribute was paid to the memory of a true friend of the deaf. Presi- 
dent Hanson introduced Mr. Willis Hubbard, of Flint, Michigan, who 
made an address lauding the good work President Garfield did 
for the deaf. A committee then entered the mausoleum and placed 
flowers upon the resting place of the martyred President. A sim- 
ilar program was carried out at the grave of the Rev. Austin Ward 
Mann, for many years an Episcopal missionary to the deaf of the 
Middle West. Motion pictures were taken of these scenes. 



Monday Morning Session 

AUGUST 25 

The meeting was called to order in the Assembly Hall of tha 
Hollenden Hotel at 9:10, President Hanson in the chair. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 73 

President Hanson: Rev. Mr. Michaels was to have made the 
invocation this morning but a letter from him states that he is still 
suffering from the effects of an operation performed some time ago 
and can not be here. Rev. Mr. Tracy will offer prayer instead. 

After the invocation, the minutes were read. President Hanson 
announced that Mr. Taylor, of Michigan, who had voted under a 
misapprehension against the proposal to take steps toward rais- 
ing money for a memorial to de l'Epee, wished to change his vote. 
It was allowed and the vote for the memorial made unanimous. 

The minutes were then approved. 

The following telegram from Dr. Dobyns was then read: 

Jackson, Miss., Aug. 22, 1913. 
President, National Association of the Deaf, 
Hollenden Hotel, Cleveland, 0. 

Please convey in the sign language at the Convention greetings 
of Mississippi School and express the hope that your meeting may 
be best and biggest ever. 

J. R. DOBYNS, 

Superintendent. 

Mr. Greener: I move that during the remainder of the meet- 
ings of this convention all speeches be limited to 5 minutes per per- 
son, and that no person be allowed to speak more than once on the 
subject under consideration except by permission. We have only 
three days more of the convention and if we continue as we have been 
doing it will be impossible to complete the work in the specified 
time. If this motion is adopted we can finish our program as laid 
out for us. 

Seconded by Mr. Cloud and carried with one dissenting vote. 

Mr. Veditz: If not out of order I would propose that we take 
up the matter of reorganization and consider the report of the Com- 
mittee on Laws. This committee met Saturday night and discussed 
all the amendments submitted and an agreement has been reached. 

Mr. Howard: I move we change the order of business and 
call for the report. 

Seconded by Mr. Todd and carried. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LAWS. 

During this report the chairman of the committee, Mr. How- 
ard, occupied the platform jointly with President Hanson. 

Mr. Howard: As explained by Mr. Veditz, the committee of 
8 agreed on certain recommendations. First we agreed on a plan 
whereby individual membership be continued, with state and local 



74 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

branches; and that the president select a committee to redraft the 
constitution to conform with these recommendations. 

Here Mrs. Bates asked the privilege of the floor and announced 
that Mr. Rockefeller had sent an invitation to the Convention to vis- 
it his home at Forest Hill on such time as might be decided upon by 
the Convention. 

After some discussion it was agreed to accept the invitation for 
that afternoon at 4 o'clock. 

Mr. Cloud: I move we adopt the report of the Committee on 
Laws with its recommendations. 

Seconded by Mrs. Bates and carried with one dissenting vote. 

Mr. Howard: There are several amendments proposed; how 
are we to dispose of them? 

Mr. Spear: Please explain what you mean. What amendments 
do you refer to? 

Mr. Howard: Amendments made in due form and legally be- 
fore the convention. 

Mr. Spear: Three years ago at Colorado Springs I attended 
the Convention to help reorganize it. I am here again to help all 
I can. You don't need new laws; leave the N. A. D. alone. I know 
you can make this Association better without new laws. I have 
been educated in the School of Hard Knocks — and I have learned one 
truth: If we will all work we can accomplish wonders. After this 
meeting, go home and work for new members of the N. A D. and 
each of you get one new member. If you work, you can win. You 
will never succeed by doing nothing. Do not be dissatisfied because 
you have no office — join the ranks. I am no officer. But I work. 

I tell you that you do not need more laws. Several years ago 
at Colorado Springs you adopted several amendments. Now you pro- 
pose to kill them and adopt others. 

Now I move that a standing committee of three be appointed 
to go over all the laws, revise them according to what has been 
agreed upon by this committee of 8 and report in three years. 

Seconded by Mr. Stewart of Michigan. 

Mr. Hodgson: We have spent a good deal of time on this con- 
stitution. Mr. Spear remained at home until yesterday. We can 
not go over it all again for his benefit. If he is interested in the 
matter why did he not come in the beginning? There has been much 
discussion already. Now I move to amend the motion to the effect 
that the president appoint a special committee of three on codifi- 
cation, to revise the constitution to conform with the amendments we 
agreed upon the past few days. 



ERRATA 

Page 75. Publisher's error. Secretary's explanation omitted under 
heading "Report of Committee on Federation." 

(Secretary's NoTB : This report appeared in full in the Norfolk pro- 
ceedings. Three changes are recorded, these changes being shown below 
in italics. The original Norfolk draft appears on page 103 in this book.) 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 75 

Dr. Fox: The matter before us is a weighty one. The com- 
mittee on Laws spent hours the other night over it. Now we have 
invitations to Rockefeller's; to ball games, and what not, to cut into 
our time. We will not have time to discuss everything. Some are 
already preparing to go home. We must save time and get down 
to work. A committee of three whom we can trust can fix up the 
matter in question; leave it with the committee for three years to 
report. I move the previous question. 

Seconded by Mr. Wyand. 

Mr. Hodgson: An amendment takes precedence: Mr. Spear 
moved a standing committee; my amendment was for a special com- 
mittee. 

The president ruled Mr. Hodgson's motion as not seconded and 
Dr. Fox's motion in order. Motion carried. 

President Hanson: Mr. Spear's motion to appoint a committee 
of three to codify the laws as amended at this Convention is in order. 
Upon vote being taken, it was unanimously carried. 

Mr. Howard: Then my work is at an end and my report com- 
pleted. 

Pres. Hanson: Were you not to explain the amendments? 

Mr. Howard: I understand that the revisions as agreed upon 
by the Committee on Laws are simply referred to a standing com- 
mittee of three. 

Pres. Hanson: My understanding is that the committee is to 
take up the amendments which we pass on now — one by one — and 
make the new by-laws conform with them. 

Mr. Howard: Then the president rules that the standing com- 
mittee of three is to merely codify the laws and I am to report all 
the changes agreed upon? 

Pres. Hanson: That is right. 

Mr. Spear: I supposed my motion disposed of all of them. 

DETAILED REPORT ON AMENDMENTS. 

Mr. Howard: The first thing agreed upon was to recommend 
the adoption of the amendment to change the time required for a 
motion to be published, from 30 to 60 days. The amendment is as 
follows : 

Proposed by Mr. Veditz in place of Article VIII. 

A motion to amend the Constitution and By-Laws of the As- 
sociation must be submitted to the president in writing, and shall 
by him be published in the official organ of the Association at least 



76 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

60 days before the meeting of the Association in national conven- 
tion. It shall there come under the head of "New Business" and 
shall require a two-thirds vote of members to secure its adoption. 
Motion to adopt by Mr. Schroeder; seconded by Mr. Schory; 
carried. 

Mr. Howard: It is proposed to make it possible to amend the 
By-laws, by unanimous consent at any meeting. 

Pres. Hanson: This amendment was agreed upon by the com- 
mittee. If it appear clear that the convention wishes to make a 
change in the By-laws, under the present Constitution it can not be 
done. The change would make it possible to do so without the 60 
days' previous notice. 

Mr. Schroeder: I move we change "unanimous" to four-fifths. 
Some obstinate fellow might be disposed to block the will of the 
convention. 

Seconded by Mr. Veditz. 

Mr. Spear: I am sorry I can not agree with Mr. Schroeder. 
Mr. Howard is right in suggesting unanimous consent. Stop chang- 
ing the laws. If you make it easy to change and rechange the 
laws it is all wrong. 

Mr. Schroeder's motion was passed. 

Mr. Cloud moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Johnson; carried. 

The amendment is as follows: 

Additional Section to Article VIII. 

These By-laws may be amended at any regular Convention by 
a four-fifths vote without previous notice. 

Mr. Howard: The next amendment provides that the amount 
of money which the Executive Committee may appropriate be limit- 
ed to the amount collected for current expenses during that ad- 
ministration and thus prevents the committee from assuming in- 
debtedness for any succeeding administration to meet. 

Mr. Cloud moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Schroeder; carried. 

The amendment is as follows: 

Additional Article to Constitution and By-Laws. 

The highest amount of indebtedness or liability to which the 
Association shall at any time be subject, shall not exceed the reg- 
ular income from membership fees and dues for that year, and un- 
der no circumstances shall the officers of one term incur indebt- 
edness that must be met by any succeeding administration. 

Mr. Howard: At present the treasurer is accountable for all 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 77 

moneys of the association. As a matter of fact he has nothing to 
do with special funds like the Hartford Monument Fund. The 
amendment now proposed provides for special committees taking 
care of their own funds. 

Mr. Schroeder moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Cloud; carried. 
The amendment is as follows: 

Proposed by Mr. P. L. Axling as Amendment to Section 4, 
Article IV. 

The treasurer shall receive all moneys belonging to the Asso- 
ciation, except as otherwise provided in the Constitution and By- 
laws; he shall keep an account of the receipts and expenditures 
made into and out of the general fund, and shall make a report of 
the state of the finances under his charge whenever called upon to 
do so by the Association. He shall preserve all vouchers. He shall 
send notices of the dues to members annually on the first day of 
May. He shall give bond in such sum as the Executive Committee 
may decide upon. 

Mr. Howard: The next amendment provides that the newly 
elected officers do not assume their office until after the adjourn- 
ment of the convention. 

Mr. Gibson moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Keiser; carried. 
The amendment is as follows: 

Proposed by Mr. P. L. Axling as Amendment to Section 3, 
Article III of the Constitution. 

The newly elected officers shall assume their respective offices 
immediately after the final adjournment of the convention at which 
they were elected. 

Mr. Howard: The next amendment provides for the care of 
the Endowment Fund which we hope soon to increase. It pro- 
vides for three trustees. One will serve till the next convention; 
another till the second convention, and the third until a third con- 
vention. A new trustee is then elected at each convention and serves 
three terms. These trustees have charge of this fund, but can not 
invest the money without the consent of the Executive Committee. 

Mr. Schroeder moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Glover; carried. 

The amendment is as follows: 
Proposed by Mr. P. L. Axling as "Article V, Finances." 

Sec. 1. Three Trustees shall be elected custodians of all trust 
funds, and special moneys belonging to the Association, except as 
otherwise specified in the Constitution or By-laws. Each Trustee 
is to serve three consecutive terms, and they are to be elected one 
at each Convention. 



78 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Trustees to have charge of 
the Endowment Fund, and Bequests. The Trustees shall keep the 
funds in their charge in sound financial institutions at interest; and 
no money from any of these funds shall be drawn out, expended or 
invested, except upon order of the Executive Committee. They shall 
report to the Convention in the same manner as the treasurer. 

Mr. Howard: The next amendment provides that the president, 
with the approval of the Executive Committee, may appoint spe- 
cial committees for special purposes. 

Mr. Schory moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Durian; carried. 

The amendment is as follows: 

Proposed by Mr. Axling as Section 3, of Article V. 

The president of the Association, the Executive Committee or 
a majority thereof concurring, shall have power as legitimate oc- 
casion may arise, to create special committees and authorize them 
to collect, in such manner as may seem advisable, necessary funds, 
which may be used for specified purposes upon the order of the 
president. Faithful account of all such special receipts and dis- 
bursements must be kept by all such committees and report submit- 
ted to the Convention. 

Mr. Howard: We have now reached a very important point in 
the revision. It is practically a complete change of policy. If you 
oppose this change, say so. The amendment is too long to read but 
I will explain it to you. Under the present system we elect our 
officers in convention. The amendment provides that in February, 
preceding a convention, the secretary is to send out nomination 
blanks to all members in good standing. Members make such nom- 
inations for each office as they deem wise and forward these nom- 
inations to the secretary. The secretary selects the five candidates 
having the greater number of nominations for each office. If the 
nominees are willing to go before the Association for election, their 
names are placed on the ballot. Should any one decline, those hav- 
ing the next highest number and willing to run are placed on the 
ballot. It is understood that the number of candidates for each of- 
fice shall be five, provided there are that number of nominations. 
These ballots are sent to the members entitled to vote and the vote 
taken. The secretary announces the result in the official publica- 
tion seals the returns and delivers them to the association in con- 
vention where they are checked and the returns officially announced. 
ine officers are to be a president, two vice-presidents, a secretary, and 
a treasurer, and two members of the Executive Committee, who with 
the five officers constitute the Executive Committee, making seven 
members of that body. This makes the Executive Committee an 
elective instead of an appointed body. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 79 

Pres. Hanson: I should like to see an expression of opinion on 
this matter of a mail vote. It is a very important matter and should 
be thoroughly discussed. 

Mr. Veditz: By this arrangement, first, every member has a 
chance to nominate his choice for each office, and later to vote for the 
officers whether he attends the convention or not. Secondly, any one 
who wants to may run for office. Any one who wishes can ask his 
friends to support him and advance his candidacy. There is no log- 
rolling or wire-pulling as at conventions and when the association 
meets it can give all its time to business. 

Mr. Long: When do the officers elected this way assume of- 
fice? 

Pres. Hanson: At the adjournment of the convention. They 
have already been elected. 

Dr. Fox: This change is a radical one; nevertheless I think it 
a good one. At conventions I have seen old friends drawn into quar- 
rels and bitter controversy over candidates. By this arrangement 
we take a calm view and select our officers. Everybody has a chance. 
The candidate can send letters to his friends and ask their aid. Then 
the local element where we meet can not control the convention. The 
idea is worth thinking about for it will give us a full vote. Every 
member has a show. Now if they are not here they vote by proxies. 
But I am afraid trouble will arise about those proxies. This idea 
is a good one. 

Mr. Cloud: We have one thing to remember: The election 
is too often a source of bitter feeling; political intrigue mars the 
pleasure of the meeting. With the election disposed of, we come and 
give our attention to business. It will cost something in postage 
but will save our hotel bills for we can then finish our work in two 
or three days. We are here for a week now, but at the next con- 
vention this can be changed. 

Mr. Schroeder: In a national convention that plan ought to 
bring harmony. Here for a week we have seen the Ohio members in- 
crease and feel the weight of local influence. It is not for a national 
representation. I can add no more weighty reasons than have al- 
ready been advanced and I move we adopt the amendment. 

Mr. Gibson seconded. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I want a word. The idea is acceptable. But 
would it not be a good idea to have printed on the reverse side of 
the nominating ballot the names of members? 

Mr. White: All who have spoken have favored this idea as if 
they were afraid to oppose it. I am sorry that I must sound a dis- 
cordant note. The plan is too wonderfully complicated. It will be 



80 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

carried out by men who are not here and who very likely will not 
understand it. I ask, what is the matter with the good old way? 
What is the use of cutting short a convention for pleasure? What 
is there in a meeting with a cold formal program? It can't succeed 
without some fireworks, or without the fun of a fight. I like to see 
it. Talk reasonably; stay a few days and go home. Better throw 
out all of the old crowd and select new men. Talk and decide whom 
you want for office. You can't do that under this new plan. You 
will be sorry if you change to voting by mail. 

Mr. Spear: I agree with Mr. White against the change. Let the 
law alone. You will make a mess of your plan; it is too complicat- 
ed. I have had experience in making real laws. This idea can not 
succeed with the majority. Take my advice; don't do it. Do you 
think a law can create harmony? It can't. There is no salvation by 
law. You know it. If you want harmony, put your soul into the N. 
A. D. Always select your officers in convention. If you say 
that you can not come to a convention and vote without bitterness 
it indicates weakness. Drop this amendment. 

Mr. Keiser: I heartily endorse the sentiments of the gentle, 
men who have preceded me. Too often in convention we allow a 
small minority to decide everything beforehand, and even the com- 
position of the ticket. The majority just trot around like so many 
trained lions, ignorant of their strength, but answering to the whip 
of the trainer cracking at their heels. The idea of voting by mail is 
a good one, probably the best solution of a difficult problem that has 
been offered so far. The names of the candidates will be published 
and all can judge of their fitness. We are tired of having such mat- 
ters decided for us. We certainly have sufficient intelligence to de- 
cide them ourselves. 

Mr. Allabough: The fact remains and is evident that there is 
evil in the present system. Shall it stay or shall we remedy it? I 
have observed in my vast travels and trying to arouse interest in 
the N. A. D., nearly all say, "No; it is run by a clique; a few men 
control, while no one else has a voice in it." They claim that none 
but Gallaudetians run the N. A. D. and it does not pay to join it. I 
tell them that it is not true; but the impression is hard to eradicate. 
While in the east recently I learned that nearly all have that idea. 
We know that this is not true. There are earnest men who want to 
help the association along. With the plan as proposed by my friend, 
Mr. Veditz, this objection will be met. 

Remember the bitter experience we had at Norfolk; again at 
Colorado Springs. Shall this be repeated at all of our conventions? 
I hope not. Mr. White says that the plan is wonderfully complicated. 
I must say that the Episcopal Church has a more complicated Consti- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 81 

tution and Canons, but they are not confused; everything runs 
smoothly. As compared with them Mr. Veditz's amendment is very 
simple and can easily be learned. Change the law and give every 
one an equal chance. (Applause.) 

Mr. Pach moved the previous question; seconded by Mr. Cloud; 
carried. 

Mr. Veditz's amendment, put to vote, was carried with three 
dissenting votes. 

The amendment offered by Mr. Veditz as Articles III, IV and V, 
follows: 

ARTICLE III. 
Officers. 

Sec. 1. The officers of the Association shall be a President, two 
Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and an Executive Board. 

Sec. 2. The officers of the Association shall be elected by mail, 
by a majority vote of all duly qualified members voting as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 3. The officers thus elected shall assume their respective 
offices immediately upon the adjournment of the convention next fol- 
lowing their election. 

ARTICLE IV. 

On the first Tuesday of February preceding the national conven- 
tion, the Secretary shall mail to the last known address of each 
duly qualified member of the Association a printed nominating bal- 
lot blank, to be so designated. The ballot shall name the officers to 
be elected and shall be returnable within thirty days of date of is- 
sue, and shall contain full instructions for the guidance of voters. 
No voter shall nominate more than one representative from any one 
state on his ballot. No one except the Secretary, and his clerk or 
assistant, shall have any knowledge of how any member voted on 
his nominating ballot until said ballots shall be turned over to a 
committee of examiners to be appointed at the ensuing convention. 

On receiving and counting the nominating ballots, the Secretary 
shall ascertain by mail within thirty days, that is, within sixty days 
after the second Tuesday of February, who among the five candidates 
for each office receiving the highest number of votes, or who among 
the total number of candidates, provided there are less than five 
nominated for any office, are willing to stand for election, informing 
each candidate of the number of votes cast for him and for each of 
the nominees for all offices of the Association. 

On receiving authority to announce the various successful nom- 



82 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

inees, the Secretary shall, within seventy days of the second Tues- 
day in February, mail printed election ballots, to be so designated, to 
all duly qualified members of the Association, making them return- 
able within sixty days of date of issue, that is, within one hundred 
days after the second Tuesday of February. The names and resi- 
dences of all candidates to be voted for shall be printed on the ballot, 
and at the beginning of each line on which the name of a candidate 
is printed, a square shall be printed. The ballot shall contain full 
instructions for the guidance of voters as to the manner of marking 
them. No ballot shall be given out except as above. No name shall 
appear on a ballot for more than one office. No voter shall vote 
for more than one candidate on his ballot from any one state. 

Within thirty days of the date of the election ballots, that is, 
within one hundred days after the second Tuesday in February, the 
Secretary shall count all votes received by him that are legibly signed 
in ink and properly dated by the members of the Association entitled 
to cast the same, and shall immediately furnish to the official organ 
and other leading papers for the deaf a report of the officers elected 
as shown on the face of the returns, provided that no state shall 
have more than one representative among the successful candidates. 

After counting the nominating and election ballots, the Secretary 
shall carefully preserve same and shall deliver them under seal, 
either personally or by registered mail or express, to the President of 
the Association on the opening day of the ensuing convention, be- 
fore the opening session has been called to order, who shall hand 
them in the unbroken package or packages to the Chairman of the 
Committee of Examiners immediately after said committee has been 
elected. 

The opening, counting and recording of election ballots shall 
take place at a specified place and hour, which place and hour shall 
be announced by the Secretory on the printed ballot blanks, mailed 
to each member, and each candidate shall have the right to be present 
in person or by an accredited representative to witness the opening, 
counting and recording of all ballots. Each candidate shall be fur- 
nished a report of the result of the election. No vote shall be count- 
ed except it be cast upon the official ballot. No ballot shall be count- 
ed that is in any way changed or tampered with, or has anything 
pasted upon it. No change may be made on a ballot once cast, even 
by the member casting such ballot. 

The Committee of Examiners. 
The Board of Examiners shall consist of three members 
to be elected at each convention of the Association, no member of 
said Committee to be either an officer of the Association or one of 
the candidates for office. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 83 

On receiving the official ballots, both nominating and election, 
the Committee of Examiners, assisted by the Secretary, if he be in 
attendance, shall carefully verify the work of said Secretary in con- 
nection with said ballots, shall certify in writing to the election of 
the successful candidates, and shall report its findings to the Con- 
vention. In case of a tie vote between two or more candidates, the 
members present at the convention shall elect their choice from the 
candidates that are a tie, a majority to be decisive. 

ARTICLE V. 
The Executive Board. 

Sec. 1. The Executive Board shall consist of the President of 
the Association, who shall be ex-officio chairman, the two Vice-Pres- 
idents, the Secretary and Treasurer, and two other members to be 
elected as hereinbefore provided. No state shall have more than one 
representative on the Executive Board. 

(On the adoption of above amendments the name Executive 
Board shall be substituted for the name National Executive Com- 
mittee, wherever it occurs in these By-Laws.) 

Mr. Howard: The last amendment is to abolish proxies. 

Mr. Veditz moved to adopt the recommendation; seconded by 
Mr. Durian; carried. 

Mr. Howard: This completes my report. But I should men- 
tion the amendment proposed by Mr. Wright of Seattle. He pro- 
poses that the membership fee at conventions be $2.00 and that $1.00 
of this be given to the Endowment Fund. This amendment was 
over-looked by the committee so I present it now. 

Mr. Smielau moved to adopt; seconded by Mr. Glover. 

Mr. Hasenstab: Can we compel a member to give to the En- 
dowment Fund? 

Pres. Hanson: This is a condition of membership and is legal. 

Mr. Cloud: It is bad policy to make it hard for us to get new 
members. Some at first may not show much interest, but put out 
bait and hook them in and they will become interested, useful mem- 
bers in time. 

Mr. Todd: I have looked closely into the matter and have 
observed that we have had trouble about collecting dues. I think 
it would be better to have members pay $2.50 at each convention in- 
stead of annual dues, and save time. 

Mr. Cloud moved to close the debate; seconded by Mr. Roberts; 
carried. 

Pres. Hanson put the amendment to vote and it failed. 

Mr. Howard: One thing more: Do I understand that these 



84 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

amendments have been accepted or just referred to the committee? 

Pres. Hanson: As I understand it, they go into effect as pass- 
ed, but to clear things up a motion might be made to fix this point 
and the amendments then referred to the committee to codify, and 
put into proper shape. 

Dr. Fox: To clear things then, I move that we consider as duly 
passed and accepted the amendments as read, and hand them to the 
codification committee with instructions to make the constitution 
conform to them and report at the next convention. 

Mr. Howard: I did not read the amendments; I simply gave 
their context. I tried honestly to give the sense, leaving the word- 
ing to be attended to by the committee. My idea is for the codifi- 
cation committee to express the sense rather than follow the letter. 

Pres. Hanson: Dr. Fox moves that the amendments be refer- 
red to the committee of three including the president, for codifica- 
tion, with instructions to incorporate all that are passed, fixing the 
language and report at the next convention. It will be better to make 
a separate motion as to when they should go into effect. 

Dr. Fox: I will omit the part referring to the report in three 
years, then. 

Motion seconded by Mr. Schroeder; passed without dissent. 

Dr. Fox: We now have the amendments straightened out. I un- 
derstand they have all been accepted; I therefore move that they 
go into effect after the present convention adjourns. 

Seconded by Mr. Smielau. 

Pres. Hanson: If no opposition, the motion is declared passed. 

Mr. Howard: I wish it distinctly understood and placed on rec- 
ord that the committee make verbal changes to express the spirit of 
the amendments. 

Pres. Hanson: It is so understood. 

Mr. Spear: I move to commit the report as a whole to the com- 
mittee. 

Pres. Hanson: It has already been committed. 
Mr. Gibson: Yes; but only by piecemeal. 

Pres. Hanson: If that is the view, I will reverse my ruling. 
Mr. Spear: I insist that when you commit the report to the 
committee you are thru with it. 

Mr. Gibson: I move we adopt the report as a whole. 
Seconded by Mr. Bardes. Carried. 

Pres. Hanson: We will now take up the regular program. 
Mr. Veditz: We have an unprecedented honor. The invitation 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 85 

to visit Mr. Rockefeller is, I believe, without precedent. Unless I 
am misinformed, ours is the first convention ever invited to Forest 
Hill. If we can suspend the by-laws, I move to make him an hon- 
orary member of the convention and that the president personally 
take him the message and present him with a membership badge. 
Pres. Hanson: I have already written him a letter. 

LETTER TO MR. ROCKEFELLER. 

(After Mr. Rockefeller had addressed the deaf in the Sunday 
School Room of his church, Mr. Howard asked him if he would like 
to receive a letter from the Association. Mr. Rockefeller replied, "I 
should feel greatly honored." In accordance with this expression 
from Mr. Rockefeller, and on the suggestion of Mr. Howard, the 
following letter was written and mailed the next day.) 

Hollenden Hotel, 

Cleveland, Aug. 25th, 1913. 
MR. JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER, 
Cleveland. 

Dear Sir: 

The deaf who attended service in the Sunday School Room of 
your church yesterday wish to thank you for the kindly interest 
shown by your being present and speaking to us. We clearly under- 
stood every word you said through the interpretation of Mrs. Bates 
into the sign language. 

The deaf are not unhappy and do not ask for charity or sym- 
pathy. Most of us are a happy lot. Don't you think that the faces 
you saw yesterday bear out this statement? 

There is one thing, however, in which we seek the interest and 
support of our hearing friends, and that is for the use of the sign 
language for religious services, lectures, and public speaking. 

Some teachers of the deaf who teach by the oral method, that 
is, by speech and lip-reading, are unreasonably opposed to the sign 
language and seek to prevent the deaf from learning or using it. 
Speech and lip-reading are useful. Most of us can speak and value 
it highly. But the sign language also is useful, and the deaf should 
have both speech and signs. 

An address like yours cannot be understood by lip-reading. It 
is impossible. The sign language is the only means by which a ser- 
mon, a lecture, or an address can be conveyed to the deaf so that 
it can be understood. That is why we insist that all the deaf should 
have an opportunity to learn the sign language. 

Enclosed is a copy of my address delivered at the opening of the 
Convention of the National Association of the Deaf now in session 
in this city. It gives further information regarding the aims and 
purposes of the Association. 

Thanking you again for the interest shown by your visit, and 
for the kindly words spoken, I am 

Yours very respectfully, 

OLOF HANSON, 

President N. A. D. 



86 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Motion seconded and carried. 

Mr. Howard: There is a man here in the hall this morning 
whom I think is as worthy of honor as Rockefeller. He is the first 
deaf man to be made a director of a school for the deaf — Mr. King 
of Kentucky. He stands high in business circles and enjoys the 
honor — signal honor — of being a member of the Board of Directors 
of the School for the Deaf of Kentucky. 

Mr. King was invited to speak and was escorted to the plat- 
form by Mr. Howard. 

Mr. King: I am very glad to see you. I have been so long 
with the speaking and hearing world that I have not been in close 
touch with the doings of the deaf. But I ran up here to see what the 
convention was like. I have used the sign language so little of late 
years that I do not feel that I can use it well but I thank you for 
your courtesy in inviting me to the platform. 

Pres. Hanson: We will now hear the report of the Committee 
on Civil Service, Alex L. Pach, Chairman. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CIVIL SERVICE. 

Mr. President and Fellow Members of the National Association of 

the Deaf: 

We have so much to do here, and so little time to do it in that 
I am making a very brief report, by submitting correspondence in 
one of the three cases that was brought to our attention. It will 
be seen that our fight in the future will be best waged against ex- 
isting laws, rather than officials appointed or elected to administer 
them. In every case the official hides behind the letter of the law, 
shrugs his shoulders and asks why we find fault with him. Pres- 
ident Grant said the "Best way to repeal a bad law was to enforce 
it," and this is the key to our future action. 

The correspondence that follows bore on the case of Adam 
Singer, a deaf-mute bookbinder, and expert in his line: 

New York, February 26, 1912. 
HON. JAMES CREELMAN, 

President, Municipal Civil Service Commission, 
299 Broadway, New York. 

Dear Mr. Creelman: — I am writing to you in my capacity of 
Chairman of the Committee on Civil Service of the National Asso- 
ciation of the Deaf. Some time ago, while Vice-President of that or- 
ganization, I took up the matter of unjust restrictions against peo- 
ple who merely labor under the handicap of total deafness, but 
were otherwise qualified and competent, who were barred from em- 
ployment by Civil Service restrictions. Attorney General Wicker- 
sham and former Secretary of the Interior Garfield, and President 
^t L^i rU + a L dea £ neS ? J should be no obst acle to a man secur- 
MSS The Pr ? slden t of the National Association of the 
Deaf, in appointing me, asked me to confer with you in a matter that 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 87 

came up under your predecessor, documents of which I enclose here- 
with. This man was prohibited from taking the examination simply 
because of his "affliction," which we believe is unlawful. At any 
rate, this man is a first-class bookbinder, and in this employment 
it does not seem that the handicap he labors under will bar him 
from doing the work properly. 

In fact, and as a matter of fact, deaf people accomplish, de- 
spite their handicap, many things in themselves wonderful. For in- 
stance, I could take you to the Public Library here in this city and 
almost throw a stone in Tiffany's, where the most expert worker in 
gold, is a man deaf and dumb; or across the street in Gorham's find 
one of their most skilled and expert engravers a man totally deaf, 
or, again throwing stones, up Fifth Avenue the largest establish- 
ment, devoted to hair and hair goods, is almost entirely supervised 
by a man totally deaf. Now, if we can find such instances on Fifth 
Avenue, we can multiply them all over the town where men labor, 
and among these 3,000 here in New York there will be hundreds fully 
qualified to do their work as well as those who hear, and in many 
cases even better, for they center their efforts on their work and are 
not disturbed by the hum and conversation of the shop. I do not 
want to take up too much of your time, but I do wish that you would 
give the matter your consideration and remove an unjust restriction 
which we believe has no lawful reason for existence. 

Very respectfully, 

ALEXANDER L. PACH. 
New York, February 27, 1912. 
ALEXANDER L. PACH, ESQ., 

935 Broadway, New York City. 
Dear Sir: — I have your letter of February 26, in which you com- 
plain that Mr. Adam Singer was denied the right to take the ex- 
amination for the position of Bookbinder in the service of the City 
of New York because he was found to be totally deaf. 

You express the opinion that the action of the Commission in 
this matter was unlawful. The Commission cannot take your view 
of the matter. Being charged by law with the duty of preparing a 
list of persons eligible for the position of Bookbinder in the service 
of the city, a list from which the Commission must certify names to 
any department which calls for such a certification, the Commission 
in pursuance of its authority to determine the necessary preliminary 
requirement for any such examination, physical, or otherwise, de- 
cided that a totally deaf person has not the necessary physical qual- 
ifications. 

I cannot enter into a discussion of any other aspects of the mat- 
ter, as the Commission's authority and responsibility is strictly lim- 
ited to the point here indicated. 

Faithfully yours, 

JAMES CREELMAN, 

President. 
February 28, 1912 . 
HON. JAMES CREELMAN, 

299 Broadway, New York City. 
Dear Mr. Creelman: — I thank you very much for your kind let- 



88 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

ter of the 27th. It would seem that you are quoting some law of 
which this committee is probably ignorant. It has been our conten- 
tion that there is no legal bar and we have demonstrated this to the 
United States Civil Service Commission. May I trouble you fur- 
ther, if consistent, for a copy of the Law that prohibits the employ- 
ment of a totally deaf person in such a position as that of bookbind- 
er. 

Of course, we would not feel as though it were a discrimina- 
tion against us if the position desired was one involving hazards, 
such as fireman or policeman, but we hope that a man, who is an 
expert bookbinder, for instance, is not legally disqualified from tak- 
ing a Civil Service Examination for such a position. 

Our standpoint is that when the Commission determines that 
because a man cannot hear, he is disqualified for such a position as 
bookbinder, it is unjust and unwarranted, and we propose to take 
such steps as may be necessary to secure a ruling that will not allow 
injustice towards one citizen because of an infirmity that in no way 
is a detriment to good, faithful service. 

Believe me, 

Very truly yours, 

ALEXANDER L. PACH. 
New York City, February 26, 1912. 

ALEXANDER L. PACH, ESQ., 

No. 935 Broadway, New York City. 

Dear Sir: — I have your letter of February 28th, asking the 
Commission to furnish you with a copy of the law that prohibits the 
employment of a totally deaf person in such a position as that of 
bookbinder. It seems hardly necessary to inform you that there is 
no law specifically dealing with the case of a totally deaf bookbinder. 
This Commission is charged with the duty of inquiring into the phys- 
ical and mental fitness of persons seeking employment in the serv- 
ice of the City of New York. It is vested with full discretion in re- 
quiring candidates to have ordinary physical qualifications for the 
performance of the duties of the position which he seeks to occupy. 

The Receiver of Taxes, in the Department of Finance, which 
made the request for a certification of eligibles for the position of 
bookbinder, in consequence of which request the present examination 
was authorized, has informed the Commission that a large part of 
the bookbinding done in the Department of Finance is carried on by 
bookbinders assigned to his division. He has declared in positive 
terms that a totally deaf man would be unable to perform the services 
required in the Department of Finance. The arrangement of rec- 
ords to be bound has to be explained to the bookbinders by deputies 
of the division, and it would not be feasible for those who have to 
make these explanations to communicate with the bookbinders in 
writing. 

• Th< ; Supervisor of the City Record, in answer to an official in- 
quiry of the Commission, has certified that the bookbinder employed 
in his department has to keep in touch throughout the entire busi- 
ness day with contractors and various city departments, and uses 
the telephone exclusively; that a deaf man would be of absolutely 
no value for such work. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 89 

The Civil Service Commission is bound to consider the require- 
ments of the departments of the city government to which it is re- 
quired to certify persons for appointment, and it seems to require no 
argument to show that the Commission would be doing an unlawful 
thin? to certify a deaf man for a position for which, under the con- 
ditions of the service which he would be called upon to perform, he 
is physically unfit. 

Of course, every one must sympathize with any person suf- 
fering from such a physical infirmity, but the Commission must be 
governed by the purpose of the law and cannot express its sympa- 
thy by certifying a physically incapable man for the public service. 
The Commission does not hold a deaf man to be disqualified 
from taking a Civil Service examination because he is deaf, but be- 
cause his deafness unfits him to perform the duties of the particular 
position under the conditions in which these duties must be performed. 

Faithfully yours, 

JAMES CREELMAN, 

President. 
Respectfully submitted, 
ALEXANDER L. PACH, Chairman, 
M. M. TAYLOR, 
F. A. JOHNSON, 
J. H. McFARLANE, 
P. L. AXLING, 

Committee on Civil Service 
Mr. Hasenstab: I move the letter from Postmaster General 
Burleson to Mr. Regensburg be printed with this report. 
Seconded by Mr. Ayers; carried. 

LETTER FROM THE POSTMASTER GENERAL. 

Washington, D. C, May 20, 1913. 
MR. OSCAR H. REGENSBURG, Secretary, 
National Association of the Deaf, 
4828 Grand Boulevard, 
Chicago, Illinois. 
My Dear Sir: 

Mr. Roper has called to my attention your communication of the 
15th instant, in which you request an expression of my attitude 
toward the employment of deaf mutes in the postal service. 

In reply I would advise you that I am in full accord with what 
has heretofore been the attitude of the Department with regard to 
such persons, that is, to utilize them where, in the opinion of the Civil 
Service Commission, they are capable of performing the duties. 

Your attention however is called to the fact that for administra- 
tive reasons the Department avoids interferring with the personnel 
and organization of post offices throughout the country, holding the 
postmasters to a full responsibility in administering their offices in 
the interests of the public service. 

Respectfully, 

A. S. BURLESON, 
Postmaster General. 



90 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Pres. Hanson: The report of the Nebraska Law Committee is 
in order. 

Mr. Ayers: I move we place the report on file to be printed 
but do not have it read now. 

Seconded by Mr. Glover; carried. 

REPORT ON NEBRASKA ORAL LAW FIGHT. 

OLOF HANSON, President, 

National Association of the Deaf, 

I beg to transmit for your consideration my report covering the 
fight made against the Nebraska Oral Law, embracing the period 
from its inception in July, 1912, to date. 

In my report of December 28, 1912, I said: "When you request- 
ed me to take charge of the work my first step was to secure the 
names and addresses of representative deaf persons in communities 
where there were a number of the deaf. I followed this up by send- 
ing each of them two blanks — one a petition to the members of the 
Nebraska legislature praying for the repeal or amendment of the 
oral law, and the other a blank to be filled out by those desiring to 
contribute financially toward the expense fund. Approximately 225 
of each class of blanks were sent out, and they began coming in dur- 
ing November, the petitions very generally signed and the contri- 
butions exceeding my expectations." 

Thus was the work started, and it was kept up with vigor 
until the legislature of Nebraska finally disposed of the question. 
The money contributions amounted to a grand total of $359.90. The 
sum of $100 was appropriated out of the National Association treas- 
ury by the Executive Committee, and Treasurer Freeman sent $22.40 
later. It was a condition that those contributing a dollar or more 
should receive full membership in the National Association. Hearing 
friends also took great interest in the fight, and some contributed 
liberally. These are of course not included among those entitled to 
membership. Of the number responding, 121 were entitled to mem- 
bership, or, if already members, entitled to have their money ap- 
plied on dues, which has been done. 

I got into communication with parties in Nebraska and endeav- 
ored to enlist their interest and assistance. The responses were en- 
couraging from the first, particularly from hearing friends of the 
deaf, and during the fight we had the support of many prominent 
parties. Rev. Geo. Allenbach, of Lincoln, chairman of a church com- 
mittee opposed to the enactment of harmful educational legislation; 
Hon. James E. Delzell, state superintendent of public instruction; 
Mayor Dahlman, of Omaha; Senator N. P. Dodge, Jr., of Douglas 
county, and many others, including a large number of the parents 
of the deaf children, were with us. But the opposition had the mon- 
ey and the numbers to defeat us. 

4.v. c T °™ ment has been made by some, who were not posted that 
the Nebraska state association of the deaf did nothing to help us. 
Ine fact that the Nebraska association did not assist need occasion 
no surprise when it is remembered that the highest offices in the or- 
ganization were held by parties connected with the school at Oma- 
na. Outsiders either were afraid to take a stand against the pure 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 91 

oral advocates or did not care. There were some among the deaf 
of Nebraska who, I regret to state, even took an attitude of hostil- 
ity toward our efforts and contributed largely toward the defeat of 
the much-desired legislation. 

Circulars and pamphlets were prepared, bearing on the educa- 
tion of the deaf and methods used, and these were sent to the par- 
ents of the deaf in Nebraska, to each member of the legislature, and 
to many others interested. Mr. Hunt, our representative at Lincoln, 
was supplied with a quantity of each, likewise, Eev. Allenbach and 
others, to be distributed as seemed best. One was a pamphlet of 16 
pages, known as Circular No. 9, and embracing "Methods of Edu- 
cating the Deaf, and Opinions about the Sign Language;" the other 
was Circular No. 10, "Opinions about the Nebraska Law." Of No. 
9 we used about a thousand copies, and of No. 10 about 500. Both 
were prolific of much good; so effective, in fact, that the oralists, 
realizing they had a hard fight on hand, shortly after issued a 
pamphlet containing alleged favorable "opinions," highly colored, 
on the oral method, the data very evidently being inspired by a cir- 
cular sent out by the Nebraska Parents' Association. 

It early became evident that, to do the best work, we should 
have some one on the ground to look after our interests. You want- 
ed me to go, but lack of sufficient funds and my business interests 
made that impossible. Early efforts to secure the services of some 
strong eastern man, particularly one living in Nebraska, were futile. 
Finally arrangements were made to have Mr. L. M. Hunt, of Kosh- 
konong, Mo., take up the work. Mr. Hunt agreed to act without pay, 
hotel allowances and expenses only to be paid. 

The Nebraska legislature convened the second week in January, 
1913. Drafts of bills modifying the oral law were prepared and in- 
troduced. There were four such bills, two in each branch of the legis- 
lature. These bills were referred to committees in the usual manner. 

Mr. Hunt was active during his two months' stay, endeavoring 
to commit members to the support of our bills, explaining the in- 
justice and harmful effects of the pure oral method, and in every 
way possible advancing the interests of the combined system. The 
oralists fought hard in opposition. They had by far the advantage, 
being plentifully supplied with money and able to muster any num- 
ber of lobbyists. At one time there were a dozen of them in Lin- 
coln telling the committees what they should do and ridiculing 
the efforts of the educated deaf of the country to perpetuate the com- 
bined system. 

In the Nebraska legislature bills can be introduced only up to 
a certain specified date, after which they receive attention^ from the 
committees. If a bill is reported upon unfavorably or indefinitely post- 
poned, it is as good as killed. Our bills were in committee several 
weeks, and then, despite every effort to get them favorably report- 
ed, were "indefinitely postponed." It seems this action was taken 
largely through the influence of Senator John M. Macfarland, chair- 
man of the committee on miscellaneous appropriations and member 
of the committee on deaf, dumb and blind institutions, which had 
charge of oral legislation. 

Scarcely anything other than the killing of our bills could be 
expected with Mr. Macfarland on these committees. His own state- 
ment, made February 11, 1913, in a letter to you, (long before our 



92 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

bills were finally disposed of), shows clearly his mind was made up 
in advance and no chance of our convincing him of his error. He 
said: "I believe in the exclusive use of the oral method. I have 
visited the institution, and have talked with the pupils and the 
graduates, and I find that they are almost universally in favor of 
this system. I understand that there is only about five per cent, who 
cannot receive oral training." Letters addressed to Senator Mac- 
farland, asking that he give the names of the "pupils and graduates" 
with whom he claimed to have talked, brought no response what- 
ever. 

At the proper time the petition to the Nebraska legislature, 
signed by about 1,700 of the adult deaf of the United States, 12 per 
cent, of them graduates of pure oral schools, was placed in the 
hands of Mr. Hunt, who presented it to the proper parties. The pe- 
tition, I understand, received scant consideration at the hands of 
the committee members. 

Articles arguing for the repeal or amendment of the oral law, 
giving every reason why this should be done, were prepared and 
sent to leading daily papers in Nebraska. The Omaha and Lincoln 
dailies for a time printed articles from both sides, but later denied 
us the use of their columns, although the oralists were given the 
privilege for some time after we were shut out. I was informed that 
certain oral advocates had "seen" the editors. 

While our efforts to have the Nebraska law modified failed, we 
have the satisfaction of knowing that a tremendous impression was 
made upon the general public, and the power of the educated deaf 
was felt by the oralists as it had never been felt before. The way 
has been opened for future fights of the same kind on a more equal 
basis and undoubtedly with greater success. 

Following is a summary of the financial side of the fight against 
the Nebraska oral law: 

Total contributions received $359.90 

Received from Treasurer Freeman 122.40 

Total receipts from all sources $482.30 

Amount remitted Treasurer Freeman by self and 

_ others $142.40 

Expense account L. M. Hunt at Lincoln 233.15 

Expense incurred by Axling, account postage, etc... 18.32 
Expense incurred by O. Hanson, ptg., postage 88.43 

Total expense account Nebraska Fight $482.30 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. L. AXLING, 

o **i n, v Committee on Nebraska Oral Law. 

Seattle, Washington, 
July 1, 1913. 

Mr. Hasenstab: There was a letter from the Parents' Associa- 
tion of Nebraska on this subject laid over the other day to be read 
when this came up. I move we print this letter along with the re- 
port. 6 

Pres. Hanson: If there is no objection it will be so ordered. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 93 

LETTER FROM NEBRASKA PARENTS' ASSOCIATION. 

North Loup, Nebraska, June 20, 1913. 
OSCAR H. REGENSBURG, Secretary, 
National Association of the Deaf, 
Chicago, 111. 
Dear Sir: — 

Your kind invitation to attend the Convention of your Associ- 
ation at Cleveland is at hand. I should like very much to do so but 
shall be unable. 

Not that I could help you but that I might meet some of you and 
if possible help us all get closer together. I feel that the President 
of your association has not used us fairly in Nebraska. For over 
30 years we parents gave the Omaha School our fullest support and 
even after many of us became convinced of the advantages of the 
Oral Method we absolutely made no fight against it or the method 
but on the contrary helped in every possible way to have it well pro- 
vided for by the legislature, for several years after many of us had 
withdrawn our children and were educating them in public schools 
and at home. 

During all these years we had no organization and hardly any 
one knew that any others were so withdrawing their children. I, 
for my part, only knew of one such. About two years ago by chance 
we fell together, at first two from different parts of the state and 
a few weeks later two more. To our mutual surprise we found that 
quite a number of us were thinking and doing the same, that is, 
withdrawing our children and at our own expense training them to 
lip-read and speak and that in every case, every time we took our 
children back to our state school for a term, (as a new Superin- 
tendent would go in and claim he would do more oral work), our chil- 
dren came home at the end of term lip-reading and speaking less 
than when they entered. We were not entirely illiterate. Two were 
lawyers, a banker, a superintendent of High School, a railroad man 
close to the President of the U. P. R. R. Co. So we thought to 
look up other parents and found to our still greater surprise that 
nearly every one told us that their own particular deaf child could 
lip-read and talk much at home and could easily learn could they 
be made to depend upon it; but most of them did not know this was 
a common attainment but supposed their particular child uncom- 
monly smart. Finding this experience so universal we took steps to 
organize and went before legislature and got our oral law through. 
The parents of Nebraska are almost unanimous in this movement. 
During all last session of the legislature when three bills were in- 
troduced to change, I only heard of three cases where parents were 
in favor of old combined method. One of these I soon found had 
been misunderstood and was highly in favor of it, and heard from 
others that at least one of the other three favored the exclusive oral 
method. It would be useless for me to enter into an argument with 
you as to relative merits of two methods. However this may be we 
feel that we Nebraska Parents of the deaf have the moral right to 
decide as to methods the same as the ordinary parent decides as to 
what school, Methodist, Presbyterian, or Catholic, or perchance Jew, 
he send his child. 

Having after many years of mature deliberation and investi- 



94 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

gation and trial decided upon the exclusive oral method, we feel we 
should have the support of every friend of the deaf and of every 
deaf organization and not have to maintain a fight. A paid lobby- 
ist was sent here supported by funds from outside the state to fight 
us in last legislature and try to override us parents. 

If we must fight we must and now propose if this fight is kept 
up to organize Parents' societies in every state in the Union and see 
that the right of Parents to decide this question is upheld. 

I now appeal to you in candor and fairness to know if parents 
should not be given this right. For many years the Combined Meth- 
od has been given the preference and the Oral such incidental support 
as was possible. We would reverse this and give the exclusive Oral 
Method the precedence in our Nebraska school and in such other 
schools where a very large majority of parents so desire, if any 
such states there are. We would not debar any deaf child from an 
education under manual method if not fitted for the exclusive oral 
or if it develops that the manual is better for his individual case. 
So here in the Nebraska School, three young pupils have been found 
better adapted to manual than exclusive oral and put under manual 
instruction. 

Why I ask you is it discrimination to give this precedence in 
favor of the oral if it is not to give the old time precedence to the 
combined. You may think the other course the wiser and better but 
we do not and we think it unfair to call it a discrimination on our 
part any more than the other course was on your part. Am I not 
right in this? 

My friend, many things that were thought utterly impossible 
a few years ago are now thought not only possible but best in all 
other matters. The world moves. I admit it sometimes moves in 
wrong direction but on the whole it moves forward. From all over 
the United States we get words of approval from parents. The 
truth is parents are determined to take up the oral movement. If 
such schools as Clarke and Mt. Airy can do it and attain good re- 
sults other schools can. It is bound to come. I appeal to you and 
your society to drop this fight and join hands in working for the 
general betterment of the deaf children of the country. 

You ask what shall become of the beautiful sign language. I 
do not know. There is nothing sacred about it. Beautiful as it is, 
if to attain the best results in lip-reading and speech it MUST be 
dropped, we cannot help it. It is often hard to make my boys hoe 
in the garden when other boys are going fishing. I even find it hard, 
very hard to keep my two older boys in High School when they 
see other young men out running gasoline engines and earning good 
wages. But it may be best. It may seem hard to require our deaf 
children to depend upon speech and lip-reading when the beautiful 
sign language is so easy to acquire. But if necessary to attain best 
results in speech and lip-reading, we must so require and every sin- 
gle deaf educator, that has had any extended experience under com- 
bined methods and then under exclusive oral methods that I have 
been able to reach, so declares. 

• a I ha 7 e / one int ° thi s matter to this length against the known 
judgment of many of my associates, since they think your oreaniza- 

•S 1 . t if ?? ? n Unf air fi , ght a & ains t the right of Nebraska par- 
ents to choose their own method. But I was pleased with the tone 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 95 

of your letter and have chosen to say this much. I still confidently 
hope that your organization may in time take a more liberal view 
of this Parents' movement. It goes without saying that I should be 
pleased to hear from you in reply or at any other time. 

Very truly yours, 

E. J. BABCOCK. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Regensburg, chairman of the Wisconsin Leg- 
islative Committee will report. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON WISCONSIN SITUATION. 

Wisconsin is the one state where the oral day school idea flour- 
ishes due to the efforts of an enthusiast, Mr. Robert C. Spencer, a 
Milwaukee educator. Naturally the State School at Delavan with 
its Combined System of instruction, is the one great stumbling block 
in the day school propaganda in the state and in recent years Mr. 
Spencer has confined his activities to having the State School abol- 
ished and turned into an agricultural school if possible. 

His efforts have each time met with failure, the legislature giv- 
ing it scant consideration. The friends and alumni of the school 
have long been on the alert and fought Mr. Spencer's scheme success- 
fully. For the first time the N. A. D. was called upon to assist this 
spring. The President appealed to me to go to Madison to oppose 
the pending bill, at my own expense, saying the Association had no 
funds available for the purpose, but the trip was not necessary as 
there was little danger of the measure passing. 

Though the friends of the State School have been always suc- 
cessful, danger still lurks as long as Mr. Spencer lives. He is not the 
man who stops at one defeat or several. Mr. Spencer has long 
been a foe to the Delavan School and as long as he lives will continue 
to work for the abolishment of the school, and the deaf and the N. 
A. D. must continue their vigil. 

The dangerous scheme has also gained a foothold in Michigan 
where oral enthusiasts have opposed an appropriation by the legis- 
lature for a new main building at the State School at Flint to take 
the place of the one destroyed by fire last year. The purpose was 
to do away with the State School and place the children in day 
schools. Through misstatements and false figures of economy, they 
almost succeeded in convincing the legislature that it was cheaper 
to educate the deaf in day schools than at the State School. 

The oral day school idea is spreading over the country and is 
working harm to our state schools, taking away from them many 
of the brightest pupils. In Illinois, the day school law making an 
appropriation of $150 for each enrolled pupil was repealed a half 
dozen years ago. It has been reintroduced in the present legislature 
and it has practically no opposition. The friends of the Chicago day 
schools have also a bill asking for an annual appropriation of $33,- 
000 to partly relieve the Chicago School board of assuming the en- 
tire expense of their maintenance. 

The time has come when the N. A. D. must take an open stand 
for or against the State Schools. The editor of the North Dakota 
Banner advances these powerful reasons in support of State Schools: 

"In this day when the plan of centralizing public schools is be- 
ing advocated and extensively adopted throughout the country ii 



96 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

should not be difficult to convince unprejudiced people that a central 
state school is better and cheaper in the long run than dozens of 
little day schools for the deaf scattered throughout the state. If 
deaf children were all to be educated at home there would have to 
be a special teacher in every community where such children live, 
whether there be ten or one. The chances are that in the majority 
of cases the latter would be about the number, thus necessitating 
the employment of a teacher for one child. But taking into con- 
sideration the fact that in many towns and cities the number of 
deaf children to be taught is greater, the average cost throughout 
the state of teaching these children would be still greater than is the 
case at a central state school. This fact being established, the 
strongest argument in favor of substituting day schools for the one 
central state institution falls down. In most other things the ad- 
vantages of the latter will be quite apparent to any one open to 
reason. The larger the number of children makes classification 
easier. The chances are that, wherever day schools exist, except in 
large cities, there will be as many grades as pupils. * * Much 
is said about home influences, but the force of the argument is more 
apparent than real. In most cases the homefolks have not the time 
or ability to do much toward training the deaf member, and in many 
cases the home surroundings are anything but uplifting. * * * 
Our state schools are so officered and conducted as to make their in- 
fluences as wholesome as those of best families, and they usually 
are. * * * One of the strongest arguments in favor of central 
State schools is that of industrial education. There can be no ef- 
fective efforts along this line with the deaf scattered over the State 
in small day schools. Indeed a large majority of them would prac- 
tically get no industrial training whatever. * * * Any scheme 
to abolish central state schools and substitute community day schools 
is a long step backward, and it will not be lightly taken." 

Respectfully submitted, 

OSCAR H. REGENSBURG. 
Chicago, June 14, 1913. 

Mr. Cloud: I move the report of the Wisconsin Legislative 
Committee be accepted and to thank all those who gave assistance in 
this and the Nebraska Oral law fight. 

Seconded by Mr. Schroeder; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Wyand, chairman of the Committee on Pub- 
licity will report. 

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY. 

To the President and Members of the N. A. D.: 

tv was n0t for some montns after the Colorado convention that 
t-P'f 60101, of this Dureau received his commission. He was also 
notified soon after that no funds were available for publicity pur- 
poses. The Director continually awaited word from the President as 
to special work The Director has, at his own expense, submitted 
articles to the Ladies Home Journal and several other publications, 
lhree letters have been sent to the Deaf-Mutes' Journal signed of- 
!*& i? v Hod .S son has seen fit to omit printing them. They 
should have been printed as the Journal was the official organ of the 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 97 

N. A. D. One of these letters dealt with the Omaha Oral address 
of Prof. Carol Pearce, of Wisconsin. We have availed ourselves of 
every possible opportunity to difuse knowledge. At our own expense, 
many copies of the pamphlets have been circulated and many letters 
written, especially in Boston and to all the cities in Massachusetts, 
regarding impostors, before and since Mr. Howard's appointment. 
The President has done almost the work of the Director. Mr. F. 
A. Johnson, of the Bureau, deserves great credit for his work in 
getting several letters of his own in the papers. Mr. Roy J. Stewart 
has been excused from work in this Bureau, as he has been taxed to 
the limit with the motion picture films, which by the way mean 
"publicity." We got concrete proof Friday night of the immortality 
of the sign language. Up to this time, we have no returns from 
Mrs. Jackson as to what she has done. 

Mr. Howard has monopolized the power of the Bureau, it would 
seem, as he has done some heavy and effective publicity work. 

This Bureau should have had full control of the Omaha or 
Nebraska "fight." The Director of this Bureau, and not the di- 
rector of the Industrial Bureau, should have been sent to the scene 
to difuse knowledge. Publicity was what was needed there. 

Several articles have appeared that should be printed and cir- 
culated, among them the Omaha utterance of Prof. Carol Pearce, 
with the shredding thereof by Messrs. Hanson, Cloud, and others. 
The "Late Views of Dr. Gallaudet" and the views of Mr. Nuboer, 
a Lexington Avenue, N. Y., graduate, as given at the Paris congress, 
both of which have been published in the Ohio Chronicle and the 
Minnesota Companion (June 5, 1913), should be printed. The Mis- 
souri Record printed Rev. Cloud's analysis of Prof. Pearce's address, 
in its issue of April 27, 1912. This analysis was also previously pub- 
lished in the Silent Worker. 

This Bureau has realized, as no other former Bureau, the need 
of an official weekly paper, controlled by the N. A. D. The Asso- 
ciation should have a paper and until we get such we are fighting 
with ineffective arms. The mere knowledge of the fact that the 
N. A. D. was strong enough to publish a paper would mean every- 
thing. 

It is not clashing with opponents, nor flaw-picking that will ac- 
complish our end. It is the keeping before the public forever the 
fact that the combined educated deaf are everywhere "delivering the 
goods." It is the bringing out, without gloss or varnish, the truth. 
To get one candle on the bushel, we must have a paper of our own. 
Until then we will be regarded as little fish. Every order or union 
has its organ. 

The Director has received all the school papers, excepting the 
Kansas Star of which Mr. Roberts is editor. These papers were not, 
however, sent to the Director as that official. They have ever been 
complimentary. 

There are about 25 copies of Pamphlet No. 1, and 150 of No. 
2, in storage in Boston. 

As the President notified the Director that there were no avail- 
able funds, no expenses of any considerable amount were made, lne 
Director advanced more than $10 for postage on letters and pnam- 
phlets and for letter paper, envelopes, etc. He asks for the mere 



98 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

compensation of $2.50 named herein, giving the balance to the N. 
A. D. 

Boston was peppered and hammered right and left for nearly five 
years with combined system literature. The simon pure oral pro- 
moters admit damage has been done. 

The Director failed in all attempts to get the Nebraska Parents 
pamphlet to "pepper." 

Below is a statement of financial receipts and expenditures: 
To postagte, stationery, mailing, pamphlets, etc.. ...... $4.00 

Sept 21, 1913. Received from Treas. N. A. D $2.50 

Balance of $1.50 donated to the N. A. D. 
Respectfully submitted, 

E. CLAYTON WYAND, Director, 
ROY J. STEWART, 
FRANK A. JOHNSON, 
OLOF HANSON, 

Bureau of Publicity. 
(Mrs. C. L. Jackson, the remaining member of the Bureau, did 
not sign report.) 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move we accept the report. 

Seconded by Mr. Leitner; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: I will call for the report of the Motion Pic- 
ture Committee, Mr. Regensburg, Chairman. 

REPORT OF THE MOTION PICTURE FUND COMMITTEE. 

The Gallaudet films, representing our first work, were made in 
1911; the short MacGregor film in January, 1913. All the rest 
enumerated below were made in two months preceding this con- 
vention. 

Our Bureau owns the following films: 

1. Lecture by Dr. E. M. Gallaudet on the "Lorna Doone Country 
of Devonshire, England." Length 1,025 feet. Cost $400. 

2. Presentation Week at Gallaudet College, showing panorama 
of Gallaudet College, Presentation Day, and Class Day. Length 460 
feet. Cost $217.59. Appropriation for Nos. 1 and 2 was $700. 

3. Extracts from Mr. MacGregor's address, "The Irishman and 
the Flea," and "The Queen and the Cake." Length 200 feet. Cost 
(special) $20. 

4. Lecture, "Emperor Dom Perdo's Visit to the College," by 
Dr. Edward Allen Fay. Length 1,050 feet. Cost $300. Appropria- 
tion $300. 

5. Lecture, "The Escape of Abbe Sicard," by Dr. J. L. Smith. 
Length 415 feet. Cost $71.28. 

6. The Lord's Prayer, by Rev. G. F. Flick. Length 60 feet. 
Film donated by a Chicago gentleman. 

7. Historical play, "The Life of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet." 
v ™ %nii he busmes s manager, explains that the first scene 

shows Mrs. Thomas Gallaudet in the act of teaching "Eddie" (Dr. 
£. M.) Gallaudet a lesson in humanity when he tries to kill the trou- 
Diesome fly. It also shows the beginning of the idea to establish a 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 99 

college for the deaf. The appropriation for thf play is $350. The 
committee in charge of the play is composed of Mr. Carrell, Dr. 
Hotchkiss, Mr. Drake, and Mr. Stewart, and it desires the appropri- 
ation increased to $750. 

8. Sermon, "The Brotherhood of Man," by Prof. Robert P. 
MacGregor. Length 1100 feet Cost $250. Appropriation $300. 

9. Lecture on Anaesthetics, by Dr. Geo. T. Dougherty. Length 
400 feet. Cost $70. 

10. Lecture on "Old Hartford," by Dr. J. B. Hotchkiss. Length 
1200 feet. Cost $300. 

11. Scenes at Picnic of the Chicago Frats. Length 60 feet. Do- 
nated. 

12. Lecture on "The Sign Language," by Mr. Geo. Wm. Veditz. 
Length about 1000 feet. Cost $250. Appropriation $300. 

The sum of $1,000 was appropriated to take films at the Cleve- 
land convention, to include the cost of the Smith and Dougherty 
films. The following were taken: 

13. Lecture on "Signs," by Prof. J. Schuyler Long. Length 
about 500 feet. No bill rendered yet. 

14. Talk on "Impostors," by Jay Cooke Howard. Length 300 
feet. No bill rendered yet. 

15. Scenes of exercises at Garfield tomb and at grave of Rev. 
A. W. Mann. Length 900 feet. Cost $225. 

16. Scenes at Garfield tomb. Length 200 feet. Placed at the 
disposal of the committee by the chairman. 

17. "The Death of Minnehaha," rendered by Mrs. Robert L. 
Erd. Taken on Rockefeller's Forest Hill estate. Length 1050. Cost 
$262.50. 

18. "A Plea for a De l'Epee Monument," by Rev. Cloud and 
Father McCarthy. Length 400 feet. Cost $100. 

The negatives, except No. 6, belong to us and as rapidly as the 
prints are completed, are stored for safekeeping in the vault at 
Gallaudet College, where posterity will find them. All these films 
represent the first efforts of the committee and we believe we have 
been successful notwithstanding the many difficulties we had to en- 
counter. The peculiarities of taking pictures of the Sign-Language 
had to be carefully studied and the time and speed regulated. We 
should now be in a position, barring accidents, to take a uniformly 
successful film. 

The cost of the films, as shown above, do not include the travel- 
ling expenses of some of the lecturers, and incidentials, which had 
to be taken care of. The financial statement of the treasurer of the 
fund shows payments made up to July first Payments made since 
then will appear in next report. 

We have been offered a duplicate set of prints made for Gal- 
laudet College, depicting college life and scenes, at 12 cents a foot, 
and another of Wolcott Coombs, the blind deaf-mute, at 15 cents per 
foot, but no action yet has been taken by us. The Fanwood and 
the South Carolina Schools have had school films made for advertis- 
ing purposes, and it is possible that when a number of other schools 
have followed their example, duplicate sets will be placed with us tOs 



100 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

loan to superintendents to use before legislatures to show improve- 
ments possessed by other schools. 

A number of privately owned films are at our command: one 
made three years ago by Henry L. Fritz of Los Angeles with an 
improvised camera, since perfected and patented; one showing a 
rendition of Mrs. Peet's poem, "The Gallaudet Memorial Monument," 
by three young ladies. 

The film of Wolcott Coombs is loaned us through the courtesy 
of Prof. H. L. Virdin, of Goodland, Kansas. 

The charge fixed by the committee for the use of films is five 
dollars per exhibition, plus transportation charges. This fee is deem- 
ed just and proper and intended to cover renovating and repair 
charges, for films become begrimmed with dirt and oil when run 
through projectors and after a number of exhibitions must be re- 
placed with a new print. This fee should make the exhibition de- 
partment self-suporting. A projecting machine is needed by us to 
encourage exhibitions in the smaller towns and cities where the deaf 
are too few to hire a theatre to exhibit them. Many types of "home 
projectors" are now being placed on the market and before long we 
should be able to find one to fill our requirements. 

With this we conclude our report, trusting our work, which has 
only begun, has met with your approval and we hope and pray that 
you will continue the work and our policies. 

Respectfully submitted, 

O. H. REGENSBURG, Chairman, 
F. R. GRAY, 
0. G. CARRELL, 
C. H. LOUCKS, 

Committee. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE MOTION PICTURE FUND. 

Receipts. 

Jan 1, 1913. Cash Bal. on hand, as per report $4,432.51 

April 26, 1913. Interest, Certificate of Deposit 

No. 663, 0. P. Bank 6.29 

May 11, 1913. Interest, Certificate of Deposit, 

No. 691, O. P. Bank ._ 4.64 

June 23, 1913. Interest, Certificate of Deposit, 

No. 930, O. P. Bank 31.38 

June 30, 1913. Interest, Term Deposit 

Security Bank _ 42.45 

Totoal $4,517.27 

Expenditures. 
Feb. 19, 1913, N. V. Lewis, Stat, for Com., Mailing 

and postage $ 8.20 

Feb. 25, 1913, Stat'y Post, and Sundries 1.94 

Mar. 22, 1913, Schapirograph Co 8.00 

April 1, 1913, 111. Surety Co., Renewal bond 6.25 

May 20, 1913, Postage to date 1.01 

June 30, 1913, Postage to date 92 

Total $ 26.32 

July 1, 1913, Balance cash on hand, (*) .$4,490.95 

* Exclusive of amount from rentals in hands of the 
business manager. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 101 

Exhibits of Deposits. 

Ocean Park National Bank, Certificate of Deposit 

No. 1100, dated April 23, 1913 $ 3i4.72 

Ocean Park National Bank, Certificate of Deposit, 

No. 1131, dated May 17, 1913 232.12 

Ocean Park National Bank, Certificate of Deposit, 

No. 1171, dated Dec. 23, 1913 1,569.01 

Ocean Park National Bank, Balance to Checking 

account, July 1, 1913 75.76 

Security Trust and Saving Bank, Los Angeles, 

Term Deposit, July 1, 2,115.09 

Franklin Trust and Saving Bank, Chicago, 

Checking account 184.25 

Total S4.490.95 

STATEMENT OF BUSINESS MANAGER, M. P. FUND. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Aug. 19, 1913 
MR. O. H. REGENSBURG, Chairman, 

Motion Picture Committee, N. A. D. 
Dear Sir: 

I herewith submit the following report concerning receipts and 
expenditures of money I have received from renting the Gallaudet 
films and money received from you from the Motion Picture fund for 
the purpose of getting out new films: 

RENTAL FUND. 
Receipts. 

Reported Nov. 29, 1912 $ 83.94 

Dec. 1, 1912, From H. L. Tracy, Baton Rouge, La 5.00 

Dec. 14, 1912, From Max L. Kestner, New Orleans, La 5.00 

Dec. 28, 1912, From Edward M. Rowse, Jackson, Miss 5.00 

Jan. 19, 1913, From Olof Hanson (Exhibits in Seattle 

and Tacoma) 10.06 

Total receipts from film rental $108.94 

Expenditures. 

Reported Nov. 29, 1912 $ 5.97 

From Nov. 29, 1912, to and including Aug. 19, 1913: 

Stamps 1.04 

Special delivery stamps 1-00 

Envelope and sheet of writing paper 02 

To Sig. G. Boernstein, Colonial Film Co., for one 
new reel, cleaning, resplicing and otherwise 

overhauling two reels of films 3.00 

Telegrams 6.35 

Gallaudet Play (one scene) 5.48 

R. P. MacGregor, for meals 1-35 

R. R. expense of R. P. MacGregor, round trip Colum- 
bus-Washington 25.00 

Express on films 7 - 05 

To Manager Eastwood, Dixie Theatre, Washington, 

D. C, for use of theatre in testing and splicing films.... 3.75 
Car fare of manager, incident to getting out Fay, 

Hotchkiss, MacGregor, and Veditz films ■ 2-66 

Total expenditures $62.67 



102 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Recapitulation. 

Total receipts $108.94 

Total expenditures ._ $ 62.67 

Balance $ 46.27 

Of this amount, $40.65 is on deposit in the Citizens Savings 
Bank and I have $5.62 cash on hand. 

ROY. J. STEWART, 

Business Manager. 

Mr. Stewart of Michigan: I move we- accept the report. 

Seconded by Mr. Charles. Carried. 

Mr. Schroeder: I move we adjourn till 9 a. m. tomorrow. 

Seconded by Mr. Glover; carried. 

Adjourned at 1:45 p. m. 



Monday Afternoon 

AUGUST 25 



The members of the convention went in a body to the Forest 
Hill estate of Mr. John D. Rockefeller, having received a cordial in- 
vitation from Mr. Rockefeller to visit him. Some time was spent 
in walking through the spacious grounds, after which Mr. Rocke- 
feller met the delegates, and with his grand-daughter was the 
center of a group photograph of the delegates, made by Pach of New 
York. 



Monday Evening 

AUGUST 25 

The Local Committee chartered the steamer "Eastland" and a 
number of the delegates availed themselves of the opportunity to take 
a two-hour ride on Lake Erie. Conversation and dancing were the 
order of the evening. 



Tuesday Morning Session 

AUGUST 26 

The meeting was called to order at 9:00, President Hanson in 
the chair. 

Invocation by Rev. Herbert Merrill. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 103 

As the secretary's assistant had not arrived, the reading of 
the minutes was postponed. 

Mr. Cloud: I rise to a question of privilege. I have a letter 
from the Seattle Boosters in regard to the Meagher incident as re- 
corded in the printed proceedings of the Colorado Springs conven- 
tion. (Reads letter.) 

LETTER FROM SEATTLE BOOSTERS. 

Officers and Members of the National Association of the Deaf. 

My Friends: — I desire to have the following placed upon the 
records and printed in the next report: 

On page 80 of the report of the last national convention of the 
deaf there appears the following: "While the tellers were count- 
ing the votes, considerable excitement prevailed when Mr. Cloud 
asked for the privilege of the floor and called attention to the de- 
liberate fraud committed by J. F. Meagher, who had cast two bal- 
lots for his candidate, Mr. Hanson. Half a dozen others quickly 
followed Mr. Cloud, loudly claiming that they had been eye-witnesses 
to the fraud and demanding an honest ballot and a fair count. The 
President called the alleged culprit to the platform and there con- 
fronted by the overwhelming evidence, he hung his head shamefaced- 
ly and pleaded guilty. The President severely arraigned him and 
then told him to go and sin no more." 

An investigation shows that the above is exaggerated and large- 
ly untrue, that there was no "deliberate fraud," but merely an extra 
ballot put in in sport, with no attempt at concealment. I feel that 
fairness to him, as well as to the good name of the N. A. D., de- 
mands this correction. 

W. S. ROOT, Seattle, Wash. 
Approved by the Seattle N. A. D. Boosters, July 26, 1913. 

A. W. WRIGHT, Secretary. P. L. AXLING, President. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

In support of my request I wish to say a few words. No one 
who knows Mr. Meagher and was present at Colorado Springs will 
deny that the article as it appears in the last report is exaggerated 
and largely untrue. The report is the permanent record of the as- 
sociation, and it is in the homes of nearly all the prominent deaf 
of the country, as well as in many public libraries. If an opinion 
of Mr. Meagher is to be formed from the paragraph, what will that 
opinion be ? We who know him know that the paragraph in question 
does him a rank injustice. The object of the N. A. D. is to en- 
courage and aid the deaf, not to discourage and slander them. The 
good name of the N. A. D. demands that justice be done Mr. Meagher. 

W. S. ROOT. 

Mr. Greener: This is out of the regular order of business; I 
therefore move that we proceed with the program of the day. 

Mr. Cloud: I don't want to start a discussion, but I move we 
place the letter on record as expressing the sentiments of the Con- 
vention. 



104 PKOCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Seconded by Mr. Johnson. After some discussion by Messrs. 
Cloud, Wyand, Regensburg, Veditz, and Howard, it was moved, sec- 
onded, put to vote and carried, that the letter be inserted in the 
proceedings without comment. 

The minutes of yesterday's meeting were read and cor- 
rected to note an omission of Mr. Regensburg's statement that there 
was no suspension of the by-laws necessary when J. D. Rockefeller 
was made an honorary member. The motion was made and carried. 

The minutes as corrected were approved. 

Pres. Hanson read his letter to Mr. Rockefeller on the occasion 
of presenting him with the membership badge. 

Hollenden Hotel, Cleveland, Aug. 25, 1913. 

MR. JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER, 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Dear Sir: 

The deaf assembled in Convention appreciate your kind invi- 
tation to them to visit Forest Hill, and as a slight expression of this 
appreciation, at a meeting this morning, elected you honorary member 
of the Association and instructed me to convey to you the accom- 
panying badge of membership. 

Yours respectfully, 

OLOF HANSON, 

President N. A. D. 

Pres. Hanson: We will hear the report of the Committee for 
the Suppression of Impostors. An impostor was caught on the 
street last night by Mr. Howard, and sent to jail. 

MR. HOWARD'S REPORT ON IMPOSTORS. 

I have been called upon rather unexpectedly for my report in 
cennection with the suppression of impostors. My papers are in 
my room as are the photographs that comprise my "Rogues' Gal- 
lery." I had hoped to have these photographs here to show you 
when I made my report. I will, however, display them at some fu- 
ture time. 

I do not care to go into detail as to just what has been done. 
Those of you who read the official organ of our Association, The 
Deaf-Mutes' Journal, have kept in touch with the work. Sufficient 
it is to say that I have appointed assistants in manv of the States 
with instructions for them to appoint others in their respective 
states to assist them in the work. Another thing I have tried al- 
ways to do was to follow up each case of imposition that came to 
my notice. If I saw in a newspaper an account of an arrest in some 
distant state, and many such were brought to my attention, I took 
the matter up with the Judge who handled the case. If he was 
lenient with the culprit and dumped him onto the next town, I ex- 
plained as fully and as courteously as I could the error of his ways 
and the injustice he did the self respecting and self supporting deaf 
people of the country. If he gave the culprit what "was coming to 
Him 1 wrote and thanked him for so doing. I have tried especially 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 105 

to urge the deaf to enlist in the cause and to give it their active sup- 
port. There are supposed to be 80,000 adult deaf people in the coun- 
try. Were all of these to play hide and seek with about an equal 
number of fakes and impostors it would be an interesting game but 
they would accomplish comparatively little. What we need is to enlist 
the entire population of the United States, or at least that por- 
tion of it that is not connected with the deaf-mute impostor graft. 

The only way to enlist the people of the country is to explain 
to them, gently and pursuasively, what great big, full-fledged suck- 
ers they are when they hand out money to a person who pretends to 
be deaf. Convince them that they need have no fear of turning 
away a case of "worthy charity" and drive it home to them that 
"THE DEAF DO NOT BEG." I advise this course for the reason 
that I have tried it in Duluth and have found it excellent. By pub- 
lishing articles in the daily papers every month or two, or oftener 
if opportunity offers, explaining the matter to the public, I have 
educated the people of my home city to the point where a "deaf-mute" 
faker can not pan handle for fifteen minutes without being arrest- 
ed. What is more, the campaign against this one class of impostors 
has driven all kinds and manner of fakers and beggars out of the 
city. If we are able to interest the general public, our work is ac- 
complished. I would urge that everyone present go to his home and 
start a campaign of publicity and he will be surprised at the number 
of people who will be interested. In this campaign he should take 
particular pains to educate the police and the police court judges. 
That this plan works is proven conclusively by the fact that in Du- 
luth alone in two years we have arrested 38 impostors, all working 
the deaf-mute gag. Of these, two were women. Two other women 
were known to be working this graft but escaped arrest. 

I believe you all realize the seriousness of this matter. The con- 
stant appearance of these impostors before the public gives them 
the unavoidable impression that the deaf are all a helpless and beg- 
ging class of people. It injures the chances of self-respecting deaf 
people in search of work. 

Twenty-five dollars has been appropriated by the National As- 
sociation for this work but I have not had occasion to make use of 
it. It is still in my possession and at the command of the Associa- 
tion at any time. Whatever expense there has been in connection 
with this work, I have paid for out of my own pocket. Some very 
good work has been done by the State Associations and several of 
these have not only appropriated money for the work in their own 
states but have offered assistance to the N. A. D. 

I would urge each and every one of you to go back to your 
homes with the determination to assist in this work by stirring up 
public interest in your home town or city. 

JAY COOKE HOWARD. 

Mr. Hasenstab: In the absence of a specific law covering this 
evil, what charge must be brought against the culprit? 

Mr. Howard: Every state has a vagrancy law which will an-- 
swer, but there should be an amendment to it, specifically cover- 
ing impostors. A statute in Pennsylvania makes the offense a felony. 
I believe if you tell the judge about our fight against the impostor 



106 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

evil he will punish offenders. I advise you to go personally and see 
your justices and explain to them the situation as it appears to the 
deaf of the country and their desire to fight the evil. 

Mr. Cloud: I move the report be accepted and the committee 
continued. 

Seconded by Mr. Glover. Carried. 

Pres. Hanson: We will hear an account of the Minneapolis Deaf 
Labor Bureau, from Mr. A. R. Spear of Minneapolis, who is the 
author of the bill. 

THE MINNESOTA LABOR BUREAU FOR THE DEAF. 

(Mr. Spear revised his remarks after the convention, and sent 
the folowing to go in report.) 

The deaf have ever contended for the right to a voice in de- 
termining the policy of their own education. They have insisted 
that oral teaching is going to extremes and unless checked the stand- 
ard of education among the deaf will drop. They have maintain- 
ed that the industrial teaching can and should be improved — that it 
is of paramount importance that thorough instruction be given in 
suitable trades. But it seems the deaf are helpless. Little or no 
attention is paid to their wishes. The National Association meets 
in convention and passes resolutions. That is the end of it. No 
one cares. 

Recognizing this fact and believing the correct solution of the 
question lay in the enactment of suitable laws, I prepared and 
secured the enactment of a law by the Minnesota legislature creat- 
ing a division for the deaf in the office of the State Commissionei 
of Labor. 

Regarding this I shall not at this time att mipt to do more than 
give a brief outline. I will give the law as jiiginally proposed by 
me and will indicate the sections omitted in its final passage. 
I will also point out the opposition to the bill which caused the 
omission of some of the most important features. 

Before I had drafted the bill and while pondering over the 
matter, I wrote to some of the leading deaf men in other states 
asking their views. The response was prompt and encouraging. 
Letters were sent to the Minneapolis daily papers which were of 
great help to me. I desire here to express my thanks to Warren 
Robinson, J. H. Cloud, J. S. Long, O. H. Regensburg, Frank Gray 
and Geo. T. Dougherty. 

The bill as originally written was as follows: 

Sec. 1. There shall be created in the bureau of labor a division 
devoted to the deaf. 

Sec. 2. The Commissioner of Labor shall appoint a com- 
petent deaf man to take charge of such division wno shall devote 
his time to the special work of labor for the deaf under the super- 
vision of the Commissioner. He shall collect statistics of the deaf, 
ascertain what trades or occupations are most suitable for them and 
best adapted to promote their interests. He shall have power to 
inspect the school for the deaf to ascertain if the trades taught or 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 107 

the quality of the instruction given properly fit such persons for 
entering such occupations as may be most suitable for them; and 
shall use his best efforts to aid them in securing such employment 
as they may be fitted to engage in. 

He shall study the methods in use in the education of the deaf as 
exemplified in the deaf themselves, with a view to determining their 
practicability and respective values in lifting them to become self- 
supporting, useful citizens and enabling them to obtain the greatest 
amount of happiness in life. 

He shall keep a census of the deaf, and obtain facts, informa- 
tion and statistics as to their condition in life with a view to the bet- 
terment of their lot. He shall endeavor to obtain statistics and in- 
formation of the condition of labor and employment and education 
of the deaf in other states, with a view to promoting the general 
welfare of the deaf of this state. 

He shall make reports and recommendations from time to time 
as may be provided by law, and he shall also issue special reports 
or pamphlets as may be deemed necessary, giving results and in- 
formation that may be helpful. 

Sec. 3. He shall be designated Chief of the Bureau of Labor 
for the Deaf. 

Sec. 4. This act shall take effect and be in force from and aft- 
er its passage. 

The parts in black-face type were omitted on final pass- 
age of the bill. It was Superintendent Tate, of the Minnesota 
School for the Deaf, who defeated these sections. Just why Mr. 
Tate should have opposed these features, I do not know. The deaf 
may judge his conduct, whether or not he has helped or hurt our 
people. 

It will thus be seen the law as enacted is quite different from 
the original draft, and I will say it is my intention to have the 
law amended at the next session of the legislature, to include all 
the passages that were thrown out and otherwise to strengthen it. 
It is my object that this law shall give the deaf a voice, through the 
Chief of the division, in matters of their own education. 

The office is entirely independent of the school. It is created 
solely for the good of the deaf outside of the school. It will bring 
the school in touch with the business world. It will improve the in- 
dustrial work and it will check the growth of oralism by showing 
the parents and the public the defects of the oral method. I believe 
when this law is in full operation, as I intend it shall be, it will 
prove to be the most progressive measure in the education of the- 
deaf in the last fifty years. 

I do not care to dwell further on the matter at this time or go 
farther into detail as to the work the office will accomplish when 
in full operation. But I wish to point out to the N. A. D. the need 
for the enactment of a similar law by Congress establishing a division 
for the deaf in the Bureau of Labor at Washington. I will not at- 
tempt to point out the good that such a national bureau would ac- 
complish. I can only hope the N. A. D. will recognize there is no 
work ahead more worthy of its best efforts than this. 

A. R. SPEAR. 

Pres. Hanson: Mrs. Martin Taylor of Michigan, is down on the 



108 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

program for a recitation. The title of her piece is "Sandalphon." 

Following the recitation a telegram was read from the Com- 
mercial Club of Seattle as follows: 

Seattle, Wash., Aug. 25, 1913. 
O. H. REGENSBURG, Secretary, 

National Association of the Deaf, 

Hollenden Hotel, Cleveland, 0. 
Seattle Chamber of Commerce takes pleasure in reiterating 
invitation conveyed through President Hanson for National Asso- 
ciation of the Deaf to hold its convention of 1915 in Seattle. No 
city in America can excel this in natural attractions for pleasant 
and profitable convention gatherings. 

Convention Department, 
NEW CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. 
Mr. Long: Has not a number on the program been overlook- 
ed? "Shall the Association assume an independent paper?" 

Pres. Hanson: Beg your pardon; I overlooked it. The paper 
is by Mr. Stewart of Michigan. Mr. Stewart has the floor. 

SHALL THE N. A. D. ASSUME AN INDEPENDENT PAPER? 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

When the Program Committee asked me to prepare a brief 
paper on this question and I began the task, I felt inclined at first 
to take my stand on the affirmative side, and to enthusiastically sup- 
port having our Association undertake the publication of an inde- 
pendent paper for the deaf. But the more I thought about the ques- 
tion the more I found myself on the other side, and there I have 
chosen to remain until I can be fully convinced of two things, which 
I think are of practical importance: 

First. That this Association and the American deaf really need 
an independent paper. 

Second. That this Association can permanently support such 
a paper. 

Does our Association and do the deaf of our country need an 
independent paper? I have yet to hear a call for one, coming either 
from the members in this organization or from the great bodv of the 
deaf without. 

Is such a paper wanted because there are none in the field to- 
day? In the West is the Observer, which can rightly be classed as 
an independent paper, and in the East are our old friends, the Deaf- 
Mutes' Journal and the Silent Worker, both splendid papers with 
national circulations. These last two are published at schools for 
the deaf, but their editors, contributors, and the variety of their 
contents make them independent in spirit. I might go on and name 
quite a number of other excellent little school papers manifest- 
ing a similar spirit, but this is enough to show that the deaf of this 
country today have good papers published in their intrests. 
th. ^I™ 6 . Association need a new paper for an official organ? 
The Deaf-Mutes' Journal, during the past three years, has served 
us very acceptably as an official organ. Almost every week of that 
time, it has given much space and prominence to Association affairs, 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 109 

and all this at hardly any cost to our organization. And why not 
continue this satisfactory arrangement, and save the Association 
and the deaf the burden of supporting another publication? 

Do the deaf need an independent publication to serve them as 
a medium for freer presentation and discussion of all important 
matters relating to their welfare, and will such a paper be of much 
assistance to them in influencing public opinion? The columns of 
the big dailies, the weeklies, and the monthlies — journals reaching 
hundreds of thousands of readers — are open to the deaf. To these 
papers they can go to make the Truth as they know it known. 
This, I think, would be a more effective way "to educate the pub- 
lic" than through a paper of our own, which would circulate largely 
among the deaf, and be read mostly by them. We cannot, through a 
new national publication, hope to carry the truth so far, nor to in- 
fluence public opinion half so well as through these older and larger 
papers. 

Can an Association paper make our organization better, bigger, 
and richer? Undoubtedly, it would assist greatly in getting and 
keeping more of the deaf interested in the work of the Associa- 
tion, and also help us in the solution of our problems. But I hard- 
ly think the good it would do would justify the expense. There are 
less expensive ways to accomplish all of this. 

Again, I ask what pressing need is there of having this As- 
sociation undertake the publication of an independent paper. 

Money — a good deal of it — is needed to support a paper, and 
we can look to the past for a lesson, for time and again it has been 
shown that the deaf world is a poor field for an independent paper. 
Where is the Exponent? Where are Once-A-Week, the Deaf Amer- 
ican, the Silent Success, the Optimist, and other independent jour- 
nals started by the deaf? They all failed chiefly for the same reason 
— lack of money. 

But it may be pointed out that these papers were individual en- 
terprises, or enterprises maintained by a few individuals, and that it 
will be different with, our Association at the helm, for it can muster 
to the service of a new paper the best business and literary talent 
among the deaf. 

Still something more than this is needed — numbers. 

There are at present a little over six hundred members in our 
Association. Compared with the membership of other organizations 
that successfully maintain publications of their own, this number 
is far too small. All of them cannot be counted on to take a pa- 
per, should we have one, and those who do will be compelled to pay 
a high subscription price for it. 

To get sufficient support for an independent paper we must go 
outside our Association — go to the great body of the American 
deaf, and to their friends. What we should first do, then, is to find 
out how many of them want a paper, and how many of them will 
pledge to subscribe for one. If there is any serious thought of 
having this Association undertake the publication of an independent 
paper for the deaf, this work could be assigned to a committee, which 
could report its findings to the Association. And, if the committee 
find that the deaf want another paper, and will support one, I wih 
gladly go to the other side of this question. 

But not till then. 

J. M. STEWART. 



110 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Dr. Fox: I am one who believes in the Association having a 
paper — who would like to see an independent paper for the deaf to 
help show the public what the deaf can do. Such a paper would af- 
ford the opportunity to print official notices and all that. I believe 
in this, but I must ask, "Where is the money? Where is the mate- 
rial?" If you have a paper of your own, you must have money — 
not only money but knowledge of newspaper work. To have a paper 
successfully managed by the deaf you must get a good editor; a good 
staff of writers. You can not expect these writers to work for 
nothing; they must be paid a salary. Now if we have a paper we 
must pay an editor $2,000 a year so that he can give his whole time 
to the work. In order to live well, and give all his time to the 
work, such a personal salary is necessary. The paper itself will 
always require a good deal of expense — there are many little things. 
Many independent papers have already failed. I will relate my ex- 
perience while on the Hartford Monument Committee. I had a large 
number of small papers containing lists of donors which I sent to the 
editor of the Journal to print. Mistakes were discovered and I had 
to constantly ask editor Hodgson to hold the paper until I could cor- 
rect them. I must say he has Deen very good about it. There are 
several old newspaper men among us and I believe they will all 
agree that such an undertaking will require many thousands of dol- 
lars. 

Mr. Wyand: I am a printer, a writer and was an editor of a 
school paper. I know something about this matter. I tell you that 
we need a paper; it is an all-important matter. Without a paper 
we fight without a weapon. Where there is a will there is a way. 
We have brains. You all know The Buff and Blue. At one time it 
was on the brink of failure. An editor took off his editorial toga and 
with nis sleeves rolled up went to work. He got more advertise- 
ments than ever before and by other means not only paid the debt 
of the former board but closed the year with cash on hand. 

We can get advertisements; without these, the paper can not 
succeed. If we have a paper we can keep files of all happenings V- 
send out instead of special leaflets and pamphlets. It is something 
very necessary and all-important. From my long experience I feel 
I could make a paper succeed if you wanted one. 

Mr. Bristol: In the first place let me tell you that I have been 
a printer for 40 years. My experience bears out the statement of 
Mr. Stewart and Dr. Fox. The publication of a paper involves a 
large outlay and demands a great deal of money. About the only 
financial support such a paper as contemplated could get would come 
from yearly paid subscriptions. Circulating as it will, scatteied in 
remote parts of the Union, it could carry only a small amount of 
advertising? What, then, can we do in such a small field? I would 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 111 

suggest, that the various state associations establish a department of 
publicity whereby they can effectively spread knowledge about the 
deaf in all lines of human endeavor. 

Mr. Howard: I move we close the debate. 

Seconded by Mr. Bell; carried. 

Mr. Bell here handed the president the gavel with a silver label 
as voted before, and presented the bill for the work. 

Pres. Hanson: (Reading the label) "Donated by Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Merrick Rice to the National Association of the Deaf. Presented 
to Olof Hanson, President, Cleveland, Ohio, 1913." The committee 
appointed to have a silver label put on the gavel has completed its 
work and presents the bill, $5.50. 

Mr. Howard: I move we accept the report and vote the money. 

Seconded by Mr. Allabough; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: Mrs. R. L. Erd was on the program Thursday 
for a recitation: "The Death of Minnehaha." Through a misunder- 
standing she was not present. She is now in costume and ready to 
give the recitation. Mr. Howard will first make a few introductory 
remarks. 

After a few introductory remarks by Mr. Howard, Mrs. Erd 
rendered in beautiful and graphic signs "The Death of Minnehaha." 
The effectiveness of her recitation was enhanced by the fact that she 
was in the costume of an Indian maiden and further that she 
dramatized the rendition. 

Mr. Allabough: I have a message from the Seattle Club of the 
deaf. 

Seattle, Wash., August 25th, 1913. 
REV. B. R. ALLABOUGH, 

National Convention of the Deaf, 
Hollenden Hotel, Cleveland, O. 
Puget Sound Association of the Deaf extends thanks for magnificient 
reception given our fellow member, Olof Hanson, and for support 
given and confidence shown in him. Seattle wants the 1915 conven- 
tion and will give you all a right royal time. 

TRUE PARTRIDGE. 

President. 
Pres. Hanson: Next comes the report of the Treasurer. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 
Treasurer's Expenses. 

1910. 
Oct. 19, Express on Treasurer's Books from 

Council Bluffs $1.65 

Nov. 14, Express on Treasurer's Cards from 

Council Bluffs, 110 



112 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

1911 

Feb. 3, Printing 500 Merchants Linen Envelopes 1.75 

April 24, Printing 400 No. 6 Bill Heads 80 

May 15, Postage 2.00 

May 19, Postage 50 

May 23, Postage - 50 

May 24, Postage 50 

June 15, Postage _ 5.50 $14.30 



1912. 

Jan. 25, Printing 1000 Post Card Receipt Books $7.00 

Jan. 26, Postage 2.00 

Mar. 11, Express on P. C. Books from Cincinnati, 90 

Mar. 20, Printing 500 No. 6 Bill Heads 1.00 

Apr. 15, Printing 500 Circular Letters 2.00 

Apr. 30, Postage 2.00 

May 1, Printing 500 Envelopes 1.25 

May 2, Postage 3.00 

June 26, Postage 1.00 

July 2, Postage 50 

July 25, Postage 50 

Sept. 20, Printing 1000 Membership Cards 3.84 

Oct. 29, Postage 1.00 

Nov. 28, Clerical Work 2.00 $27.99 



1913. 

Jan. 6, Postage $1.00 

Mar. 11, Postage 1.00 

Mar. 11, Printing 500 Envelopes 1.25 

Mar. 11, Printing 250 Bill Heads 75 

Apr. 15, Paper for Loose Leaf File 20 

May 1, Postage 2.00 

May 2, Postage _ 3.00 

May 22, Stamp Due on Letter 02 

May 22, Postage 50 

June 21, Postage 1.00 $10.72 



Total Treasurer's Expenses $53.01 

President's Expenses 
1911. 

Oct. 13, Expense Account $ 25.00 

Nov. 6, Expense Account 37.54 $ 62.54 



1912. 

April 1, Expense Account 10.00 

June 15, Expense Account 25.00 

July 25, Typewriter 75.00 $110.00 



1913. 

Jan. 6, Expense Account $ 25.00 

Jan. 17, Nebraska Fight 100 00 

Feb. 13, Nebraska Fight 22.40 

Aug. 4, Expense Account 25.00 $172.40 

Total President's Expenses $344.94 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 113 

Secretary's Expenses. 
1910. 

Oct. 19, Postage $ 2.00 

Oct. 19, Printing Letter Heads, Envelopes, Etc 7.18 $ 9.18 



1911. 

Oct. 13, Expense Account $25.00 

Oct. 16, Expense Account 8.98 $33.98 



1912. 
Sept. 26, Expense Account $25.00 $25.00 



1913. 

July 11, For Purchase of Seal for Association $ 5.00 

July 11, Sending Proceedings to Libraries, Etc 25.00 $30.00 



Total Secretary's Expenses $98.16 

Miscellaneous. 
1910. 

Oct. 6, Paid N. F. Morrow for Expenses $ 5.76 

Oct. 7, Paid B. R. Allabough for Expenses 2.15 $ 7.91 



1911. 
Jan. 19, Paid N. V. Lewis for Printing, (Regensburg.)..$7.83 $ 7.83 

1912. 

April 1, Paid J. C. Howard, account Impostors $ 25.00 

June 11, A. L. Pach, Dues Refunded 2.50 

June 15, Paid Hartford Mon. Committee, (Drake).. 25.00 

Sept. 12, Walter Thurston, Error on Cash Sub 50 

Oct. 15, N. V. Lewis, Ptg. Proceedings, (Regensburg) 50.00 

Nov.. 28, Paid J. C. Howard, account Impostors 5.00 

Dec. 3, N. V. Lewis, Ptg. Proceedings, (Regensburg) 30.00 $138.00 



1913. 
Jan. 14, N. V. Lewis, Ptg. Proceedings, ( Regensburg) $ 25.00 

Jan. 27, Walter Thurston, Proceedings 15 

Feb. 7, N. V. Lewis, Ptg. Proceedings, (Regensburg) 134.85 
Feb. 7, N. V. Lewis, 500 Postals, and 200 Post Cards.. 7.00 
May 29, N. V. Lewis, Ptg. Proceedings, (Regensburg) 3.15 
Aug. 4, Total Expended for Exchange of Checks 70 $170.85 

Total Miscellaneous Expenses $324.59 

Total Expenses to August 15, 1913 $820.70 

RECEIPTS. 

Balance from former Treasurer $ 320.91 

Received from Fees 290.60 

Received from Dues 297.37 

Received from various sources 152.03 



Total to August 15, 1913 $1,060.91 



114 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Recapitulation. 

Total Receipts to August 15, 1913 $1,060.91 

Total Expenses to August 15, 1913 820.70 

Balance on Hand August 15, 1913 $ 240.21 

S. M. FREEMAN, 

Treasurer. 



Balance on Hand August 15, 1913 _ $240.21 

Fees and Dues Tenth Convention _ 334.00 

Received from other sources 5.50 



Total _ $579.71 

Expended since Aug 15, 1913 - 3.81 

Total in Treasury _ $575.90 

S. M. FREEMAN, 

Treasurer. 
Pres. Hanson: I will now call for the financial report of the 
Committee on the Endowment Fund. 

FINANCIAL REPORT ENDOWMENT FUND. 

1911. 

May 3, Received of O. H. Regensburg $ 27.55 

May 24, Received of O. H. Regensburg 177.81 

May 29, Received of Walter Thurston 1.00 

July 1, Interest _ 1.01 

Aug. 8, Received of Walter Thurston 50 

1912. 

Jan. 1, Interest 5.00 

July 1, Interest 5.00 

1913. 

Jan. 1, Interest 5.00 

May 3, Interest _ 44 

July 1, Interest ._ „ 5.00 



Total to August 15, 1913 $228.31 

S. M. FREEMAN, 
Treasurer. 



1913. 

August 26, Total to August, 15, 1913 „ $228.31 

August 26, Donation, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Park 2.00 

August 26, Donation, A Hearing Friend 1.00 



Total on Hand August 26, 1913 _ $231.31 

S. M. FREEMAN, 

Treasurer. 
Mr. Wyand: I move we approve the report of the Treasurer. 
Mr. Roberts: It has not been audited yet. 

Pres. Hanson: We will hear from the Auditing Committee first; 
Mr. Stewart, chairman. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 

OFFICERS -1910-1913 




OWKN r,. t.AKKEL.1. 
Fourth V ico President 



PusT&Prt/V.C V<«m_i . 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 




THOMAS I . FOX 
New York 





B- K. ALLABOUGH 




OLOI- HANSON 
Ex-offlcio Chairman 




1 KANCIS P. GIBSON 
Illinois 




ARTHCRL.ROBERTS 
Kansas 




HARLEY D. DKAKE 
DC. 



WALDO H. ROTHERT 
Nei raska 




i« l ..avP.C.KRi>Lt- 



1910-1913 



PROGRAM COMMITTEE 




OLOF HANSON, Ex-officio Chairman 
Washington 





REV. J. H. CLOUD, Secy. 
Missouri 



A.J. EICKHOFF 
Michigan 

V't.nt'ifc < •' _ . ». K j»i— i 



TENTH CONVENTION 
Cleveland, Ohio, August 20--27, 1913 



LOCAL COMMITTEE ON ARRANGhMKNTS 




TENTH CONVENTION 
Cleveland, Ohio, August 20-27, 1913 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 119 

AUDITING COMMITTEE'S REPORT. 

We examined the accounts of Samuel Freeman, Treasurer, for 
the past three years and found the same correct. He has on de- 
posit in Cave Spring, Ga., the balance exhibited of $240.21. We al- 
so counted the cash receipts from dues and fees at this convention 
and found them to amount to $334.00. 

His account of the Endowment Fund, amounting to $231.31, 
was also found correct. 

The statement of the Motion Picture Committee was also gone 
over and found correct. Statements from banks showed actual 
deposits amounting to the sum of $4,490.95 on the 30th day of June, 
1913. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. STEWART, 
C. W. CHARLES, 

Auditing Committee. 

Mr. Wyand: I move we accept the reports. 

Seconded by Mr. Allabough; carried. 

The Auditing Committee was instructed to audit the Hartford 
Monument Committee Report. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move we accept the report of the Motion 
Picture Committee. 

Seconded by Mr. Bardes; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: While we are hearing reports we will hear from 
Mr. Hubbard, chairman of the Committee on Floral Wreaths for 
Garfield and Mann. 

Mr. Hubbard: Your committee was obliged to slightly exceed 
the limit placed upon the amount it might expend. When the flow- 
ers selected were priced, they were found to be $1 in excess of the 
sum allowed, but the committee thought best to take them and re- 
fer the matter to you. Here is the receipted bill. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move we accept the report and allow the $1 
additional. 

Seconded by Mr. Wyand; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: While we are on the subject of money, I will 
take the opportunity to mention a matter overlooked the other day 
when I gave my report of the Executive Committee. Several months 
ago there was a motion made by Mr. Gibson, of the Committee, to 
vote $50 for the use of the secretary in hiring a stenographer to 
assist in taking down the minutes of the convention, who should give 
all his time to the work, typewrite the final report and prepare it 
for printing. The members of the committee had not all sent in 
their reports up to the time of coming here so when we met the mat- 
ter was taken up and we agreed to giv» the secretary the money for 
the purpose. Our attention has been called to the fact that the 



120 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Executive Committee can not vote money during a convention. Our 
intention was all right and Mr. Regensburg, acting under author- 
ity of the vote, went ahead, and engaged Mr. Long who has been do- 
ing the work. The Executive Committee refers the matter to the con- 
vention and a motion to appropriate the money should be made. 

Mr. Hasenstab: It is proper to know what stenographic help 
is needed, so that we shall understand why so much should be ap- 
propriated for the work. 

Mr. Regensburg: Because there is so much typewriting. Three 
years ago, because the Executive Committee ordered papers and re- 
ports cut down for the printer, to reduce cost, I had to typewrite the 
report three times. I believe it cost me from $50 to $100. Other 
members sent in bills for typewriting done but all my work was do- 
nated. I can not afford to give the time again. The character qf 
the work is entirely different from what it used to be in former con- 
ventions. We do now in one day as much as we did in one entire 
past convention. We want a full stenographic report so there will 
be no misconception or quibbling over what took place. I can not 
again do as much work as I had to do at Colorado Springs. Mr. 
Long came here on my own responsibility and is almost sorry he 
accepted for if he were to make a new contract he would want $75. 
I think $50 is right and reasonable and only covers his expenses. 
He has agreed to get the report typewritten in 30 days and have 
it ready for the printer in 60 days. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move we vote $50 for Mr. Long to write out 
the report and prepare it in typewritten form for printing. 

Seconded by Mr. Glover. 

Pres. Hanson: Is there any debate? If no opposition the mo- 
tion is declared passed. 

The report of the Industrial Bureau was referred to a special 
committee. Is it ready to report? Mr. Taylor of North Carolina. 

REPORT OF SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO EXAMINE REPORT OF 
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU. 

Your committee finds that in the absence of more detailed 
statements as to receipts and expenditures, it is unable to express 
an opinion concerning the financial report of the Industrial Bureau. 

Your committee feels compelled to criticize the omission from 
this report of certain commissions that are known to have been 
paid, as well as the omission of a statement of receipts and expendi- 
17 thJVur^u 10n WUh tHe le ° tUre trlp undertaken bv the Director 

mitteri ^TE^ *?* , hereafter » Ml detailed account be sub- 
mitted, or published, of all receipts and expenditures, including com- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 121 

missions that may be incurred by the Bureau or any Bureau or Com- 
mittee or individual working in the name of and for the interests of 
the National Association of the Deaf. 

JOHN HENRY KEISER, 
GEORGE WM. VEDITZ, 
R. S. TAYLOR, 
JNO. C. MILLER, 
H. L. TRACY. 

Pres. Hanson: A word of explanation is necessary. Mr. Tay- 
lor refers to the absence of details. Mr. Hunt could not come, so 
he sent me this package of vouchers. If the committee had asked me 
I would have turned these papers over to it. As far as I know ev- 
erything is correct. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move the report of the special committee be 
approved. 

Seconded by Mr. Freeman. Carried. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move the report of the Industrial Bureau be 
accepted in accord with the findings of the committee. 

Seconded by Mr. Freeman; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: I am ready to announce the Committee on Cod- 
ification: Dr. Fox, Mr. J. M. Stewart, and Mr. Hanson. 

Is the Committee on Enrollment ready to report? Mr. Drake. 

Mr. Drake: I was under the impression that the report would 
be called for tomorrow, but I can give the figures. It is unfortunate 
that better arrangements were not made to get the names of all the 
members present. Dues and fees began to come in before the 
badges were ready and some confusion resulted. There is some 
doubt, but as near as we can get it now, there are 374 paid mem- 
bers here. Remember there are several here who do not care to 
join but who are here for the social features. The number of those 
who have paid is 374. Several have forgotten to register. There is 
now a total of 673 members of the N. A. D. About one half of the 
members are present. I suggest that the committee in charge of 
the next convention make better arrangements to record the mem- 
bers present. 

Mr. Hasenstab: Do I understand that there are 673 members 
in good standing? 

Mr. Drake: Yes; 673 fully paid up. 

Mr. Todd moved to accept the report; seconded by Mr. Veditz; 
carried. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. McGregor has a poem from Mrs. Angie 
Fuller Fischer which I will ask him to read. It is rather long and 
I will ask him to condense it. 



122 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Mr. McGregor: I have in my pocket a letter from Mrs. Angit 
Fuller Fischer and a poem written by her. Many of you are familiar 
with her poems. This poem is rather long — 17 pages — and I will 
not take up your time now by reading it all but will condense it for 
you. 

At the World's Congress last summer in Paris, Mrs. Henry 
Gaillard got up and spoke in favor of the combined system of in- 
struction. On the platform were some Catholic sisters who were 
her former teachers. When she had finished one of these teachers 
walked to the front of the platform and rudely told her she ought 
to be ashamed and otherwise upbraided her for her attitude, call- 
ing her ungrateful and wicked. Mrs. Gaillard felt hurt, and this 
public censure caused her to shed tears. I sat behind her and tried 
to console her by assuring her that she did right and had the sym- 
pathy and support of all the American delegates; and Mrs. Heyman 
of New York told her that she was the Joan d' Arc of the Deaf, 
which seemed to give her some comfort. 

Now Mrs. Fischer's poem relates this incident at length in com- 
memoration of the event. 

Miss Froelich: I move that the secretary be instructed to 
write Mrs. Gaillard a letter expressing the admiration and thanks 
of the American Deaf, in National Convention Assembled, for her 
courage in standing up for the Combined System, and also ex- 
jpiressing the hope she will not falter but always stand up for the 
truth, knowing that the deaf all over the world stand ready to 
back her up. 

Seconded by Mrs. Mann. Carried. 

The report of the Committee on Proxies was called for and 
a preliminary report given. The complete report will be found in 
its place in report for Wednesday. 

Mr. Roberts: I think you are all interested in the work that 
has been done by the Motion Picture Committee. Much of the cred- 
it for the success of this feature is due to Mr. Regensburg, the chair- 
man. I think you are willing to show him some appreciation. Mr. 
Regensburg came here from Chicago not only as secretary but in 
his capacity as chairman of the Motion Picture Committee. While 
here he has attended to the taking of several pictures. I think he is 
entitled to his expenses. I therefore move that we appropriate $50 
out of the Motion Picture Fund for this purpose. 

Seconded by Mr. Glover. 

Mr. Long: I quite agree that Mr. Regensburg is entitled to 
compensation and recognition. But if we pay Mr. Regensburg's ex- 
penses it seems to me just and proper that we pay those of Mr. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 123 

Stewart. Mr. Stewart has worked no less zealously and given his 
time and energies faithfully. I move to amend and include the 
same amount for Mr. Stewart. 

Mr. Roberts: I understand the committee has already made this 
provision. 

Mr. Regensburg: The committee did not send me here. I do 
not want to subject myself to the suspicion of grafting or of taking 
advantage of my position on the committee, so I did not ask any- 
thing for myself. But I am responsible for Mr. Stewart being here 
and intend to have the committee provide for him. 

Mr. Long: In that case I am satisfied and withdraw my mo- 
tion. 

Mr. Robert's motion to appropriate $50 for Mr. Regensburg's; 
expenses was carried, without dissent. 

Mr. Regensburg: I desire to express my appreciation; it is the 
first recognition of the kind you have ever shown me in my life. 1 
thank you. 

Mr. Freeman: I have three or four dollars for membership fees; 
•vrongfully accepted from persons from Canada. I wish those who 
gave it would meet me before tomorrow so I can give it back to them. 

Mr. Hubbard: I move that those from Canada be made hon- 
orary members. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Hubbard moves that those from Canada be 
made honorary members. We had better let the Committee on Codi- 
fication add things like that to the By-Laws which contain no pro- 
vision for honorary members. 

Seconded by Mr. Todd. 

Mr. Clark: If we give honorary membership to all Canadians, 
in a few years we will have two or three thousand of them and this 
will make Rockefeller feel somewhat cheap to think he is so com- 
mon. Why not make them "Associate Members?" Is there any 
thing in the By-Laws for Associate Members? 

Mr. Drake: How long does honorary membership continue? 
Pres. Hanson: From one convention to the next. 
Is there any opposition to Mr. Hubbard's motion? 

(One — Clark). The motion to admit our Canadian deaf friends as 
honorary members is carried. 

Mr. Wyand: In the discussion of an independent paper a rec- 
ommendation was made for a committee to investigate the feasibil- 
ity of the plan. I move that a committee of five be appointed for this 
purpose, to report at the next convention. 

Seconded by Mr. Johnson; carried. 



124 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Mr. Roberts: I would like to ask Mr. Long a question. Yes- 
terday a motion was carried to "adopt the report of the Committee on 
Laws as a whole." One or two amendments were not mentioned. 
Does the motion include these? 

Mr. Long: I made the record as things occurred. Each mo- 
tion was recorded as put to the convention and passed. I think my 
responsibility ends there. It is for the chair to decide such a ques- 
tion. 

Pres. Hanson: When the report was adopted as a whole that 
did not include those amendments rejected. Only the amendments 
adopted severally are included in the report adopted as a whole. 

Several papers were omitted from the program yesterday. 
What shall be done with them? 

Mr. Cloud: I move that Mr. Goldberg's paper be placed on file 
and printed but the papers of all others who are here be read. 

Seconded by Mr. Hasenstab. Carried. 

ORALISM FROM THE STANDPOINT OF PRACTICAL 

EXPERIENCE. 

I have no desire to be considered a reactionist. But special 
observation lasting several years, has convinced me that the ultra- 
oralistic propaganda, now in the zenith of its growth, is a lament- 
able and mischevious error and a menace to the unity and advance- 
ment of the deaf that should be sternly resisted by all having the 
welfare of the deaf at heart. 

I was reared, both at home and at school, in an atmosphere of 
the strictest ultra-oralism, where the sign language was taboo. I 
have often wished, for my own sake, that such had been other- 
wise, but that is beside the question now. Never in an experience 
of a quarter of a century could I, nor have I found the deaf of the 
different methods or systems of instruction, who could rely on 
orahsm and lip-reading to transact business or to discharge social 
functions with confidence and benefit to themselves. All find, 
sooner or later, that lip-reading is a guess-work game, pure and 
simple, and under no circumstances is it suited to the conditions 
that confront them in real life. 

The movements of the lips in the expression of language are of 
the most complicated character and the vocal apparatus is ex- 
ceedingly mobile and susceptible of assuming countless varietv of 
figures. J 

oralW °^ + H P l£ ^.^ft slight lip-movements. To discourse 
orally so that the deaf can follow them, they are obliged to ex- 

fl^ rate + 1,P ;r° VementS and drawl out the words. Thisprocess is 
S£?SSnmt% average person. Even with this accomodating oral 
and I fSL T%? m l ° f the ! text r T ains ^certain, hesitating 
"tv» lflff JvV^ Take ' f0 . r sample, numbe rs ending in "teen" and 

exnert S S" k d 8ut & these can rarel y be differentiated by 
S W0 P rd ■*Tlt C V 1 li thG P ^ 1 " 68 teken in the act of uttering 
these words are about the same, as are also that of a large and 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 125 

important class of words in use every day, but which, on account 
of a similarity in pronunciation are frequently misconstrued. A 
few specimens of these words are here given; i. e., face, and phase- 
eight and ate; knows and nose; hence and hens; pause, pours, paws', 
pores; rose and roes; cent and scent; rude, root, route and rood; 
earn and urn; brewing and bruin; I'll, isle, and aisle; for, four and 
fur; sees, seas and seize; hearse and hers; etc. Furthermore, I 
have been informed by those whose opinions on orthography must 
be received with respect, that all deaf betray their infirmities by 
the first sentence they deliver. Peculiar emphasis, poise of voice 
and conversational pitch, to say nothing of accents, inflections, and 
timbre of voice, illustrate well their phonetic departures that strike 
the ear in an unfamiliar way. Few, if any, of the totally deaf can 
enunciate correctly the following common words: debt, subtle, 
heir, palm, wrestle, comb, recitation, biblical, reputation, plumber, 
revelation, Catholicism, salve, photography, psalm, mortgage, 
phthisis, omniscient, monopoly, and so on, indefinitely; and it is self- 
evident that this impaired ortheopy carries with it defective lip- 
reading. Obviously, it can hardly be conceived that those who 
never saw any given word or the characteristic of its oral rendi- 
tion would hit upon its phonology and meaning. 

In truth, for the totally deaf to conduct an adequate oral and 
lip-reading conversation is one of the most difficult things within 
the scope of human effort. 

There is no dodging it, the mind of the deaf child undergoing 
ultra-oralism is subject to a fearful strain, and if it were not for 
the wonderful adaptability and recuperative powers of youth he 
would be due for one nervous breakdown after another. He is 
continually wrestling with new things, new variety of gestures, vis- 
ible vibrations, dilatations and contractions, which include the lar- 
ynx, glottis, palate, cheeks, tongue, teeth, lips, nose, eyes, scalp, 
chin, jaw, and neck; new positions, new impressions, even the quiv- 
er of the breath, that demand his incessant individual attention; 
and it is this concentration that wears. Moreover, it is a physio- 
logical fact that the mind of the deaf child cannot stop working 
at the close of the oral exercises in the classroom for a long time 
afterward. This stress is shown by self-mumblings. Normal chil- 
dren naturally learn to control and can check mental activity at 
pleasure. The deaf child not possessing this faculty, the resulting 
tension often terminates in physical deterioration. Go into any 
ultra-oralistic school room. The wan, anemic, careworn faces are 
appalling. 

Knowing the limitations of the deaf, it would appear highly 
inhuman to sanction and maintain an educational method which 
every ultra-oralist, in his soul, knows to be inherently unsuitable, 
and which seems to have been specially devised to eccentuate in- 
firmities. The duty of every one here is to see that not a single 
grain be added upon that load beyond that Nature imposes upon 
the deaf. To be sure, every institution, every system, every method 
has its faults and shortcomings and these can only be corrected 
when they are seen and recognized, but no betterment was ever 
secured in this world's history by emulating the ostrich, stick- 
ing one's head in the sand, and shutting out the conditions as they 
actually exist. 



126 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

In the deaf we find, because of their affliction, enhanced to the 
last degree, the law of the equivalence of movements, a law that 
governs all the manifestations of life and force, and links the 
emotion with its external indications. For them the sign-language 
meets the requirements of this law in a natural and beautiful way, 
and without its aid they would find themselves a disorganized mass 
wallowing in the mire of ignorance, discontent and isolation. To 
the benign influence of the sign-language combined with a reason- 
able amount of oralism, applied to those really able to profit by 
it, do the deaf of America owe the spirit of progress which has 
given them their phenomenal success. If proofs be wanted, look 
around you any or everywhere else, compare the deaf of Amer- 
ica with those of the rest of the world where ultra-oralism is ram- 
pant, but the strongest proof of all lies in the addresses of the of- 
ficers and the splendid work of the leaders of this Association in 
Ihe direction of ameliorating the condition of their brethren. 

Jn these days of specialized commercialism, learning is the 
prime requisite and employers are more concerned with regard to 
working efficiency than any other factor. 

All firms I have worked for cared nothing for my power of 
speech and lip-reading. They insisted upon writing to me and I 
to them, rightly assuming this the safer, surer and saner method. 
[ have yet to meet with the intelligent employer who objects to 
communicating routine in writing, provided this can be done in 
clear, concise, definite and gramatical English. Sometimes aliens, 
speaking a foregn language or the ignorant trumu up the charge 
of loss of time occasioned by this writing. Actually, however, ar- 
ticulation and lip-reading, because of impediments inseparable from 
them, require a greater consumption of time than does any other 
mode of communication with the deaf. 

Where prejudice exists against the employment of the deaf 
it will be found with those who have had no experience with them, 
but never on account of inability to speak or read the lips, for it 
has been demonstrated again and again, time without number, that 
as regards the capacity of those of the deaf coming from Com- 
bined schools, schools which fit the method to the pupil, to stand 
the demands of any calling open to them, they compare most fav- 

Woi7 ?L lth hear i n g P^ 1 ?, and as to efficiency, reliability and 
loyalty they are fully equal to any other class. 

+ TO V° m * tter how important ultra-oralism may be in the ab- 

thef^ll a'wavrhf "*,£ *"**??" *« the future of thfdeaf, 

^LeTvesTTlfe praLs^/S' fit'^nd'noS^- 111 "^ 

have, for the most pS'been ^ tten" bv TheTpT * J* ^^ 
and successful deaf WhalZt^ the best, most progressive 

pose have they in mZ ? fi ™ti£ S^AftJw* 1 "* P ^ 
it is placed on the statute to**'. „* p URE-ORALISM, now that 

was made the basfs ofa^eat educatS States . and ™ that it 
ui a great educational campaign, should be so 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 127 

improved and perfected as to measure up fully to the real needs 
of the deaf and thus put these reforms upon a commonsense and 
enduring basis. 

ISAAC GOLDBERG. 
Pres. Hanson: First on the program comes Mr. Roberts' paper, 
"Oral Legislation." 

ORAL LEGISLATION. 

As far as I have been able to discover, only two states in the 
Union have laws making the oral method compulsory; namely, 
Nebraska and Pennsylvania. 

The Nebraska law, passed in 1911, has received wide publicity 
through the aggressive fight made last winter by the National 
Association of the Deaf to have it repealed. Suffice to say that 
this law makes the oral method compulsory in the Nebraska school, 
except in the case of pupils mentally incapacitated or whose vocal 
organs are malformed. 

The Nebraska Alumni Association last June practically en- 
dorsed this oral law by declaring that it provided for all methods 
of teaching the deaf. 

If this is true, at what, then, do we arrive? 

A simple question, "Why the law?" 

Some years ago, I made the open charge in the public press 
that an oral law existed in Pennsylvania. Certain deaf people in 
Philadelphia denied this. However, that state has a law that com- 
pels the use of the pure oral method. It is a simple provision of 
a few lines, tacked on to appropriation bills; as follows: 

PROVIDED — That no part of this appropriation shall become 
available until the management of this Institution shall have filed 
with the State Board of Public Charities and the Auditor General, a 
declaration, that hereafter all pupils received in this institution, 
under sixteen years of age, who have not been pupils in another in- 
stitution of similar character, shall be taught by the oral method, 
unless physically or mentally incapable of being taught by such 
method. 

This provision first appeared in the appropriation bills of 1891. 
and has been attached to every such bill since that time. 

People who fear the light of publicity resort to just such 
tactics as this to secure their ends. 

How may this unnecessary and harmful legislation be prevent- 
ed? 

We must take into consideration several things; among them*. 

1. The attitude of parents on methods; 

2. The ignorance concerning the deaf on the part of the pub- 
lic and the average legislature. 

3. The misunderstanding often existing between the two 
sides to the controversy. 

4. The absence of accurate and scientific data on results ob- 
tained from all methods. 

5. The lack of an efficient medium through which to count- 
eract the activities of over-zealous adherents of one method. 



128 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

I believe every point raised in the foregoing can be efficiently 
covered by what I am pleased to call an "Education Commission," say 
of three members. It should be the duty of this Commission to gath- 
er statistics along scientific lines, concerning the results obtain- 
ed from all methods. It should be prepared to furnish data at any 
time when required. It should have charge of all campaigns to 
prevent unjust legislation concerning the education of the deaf. It 
would relieve the president of this Association of much arduous 
work, avoid drawing him into controversies along one line, and 
leave him free to act as the executive of this Association. It should 
co-operate with those heads of schools who favor the combined 
system, giving them the support of this body in time of need. It 
should be able to iron out the misunderstanding between the ad- 
herents of one method and the educated deaf, by promulgating and 
keeping constantly before the public the fact that the educated deaf 
favor all methods, including the oral, but are forever opposed to th 
exclusive use of one method. It should get in touch with tne par- 
ents of deaf children and put before them the facts, backed by 
scientific data. 

We have been working along uncertain and haphazard lines. 
We know what we want and must have, but we have not yet been 
able to go about it in a business-like manner. We waste time, 
patience, good paper and ink in filling the deaf press with denunci- 
ations of the pure oralists, yet few of the people we desire to 
reach are ever aware of our activities, and if they were they would 
probably remain unconvinced. 

Why? 

Because our arguments are not supported by cold, hard facts, 
things you can put your finger on and hold up as incontestable ev- 
idence. That this evidence may be obtained by the Education Com- 
mission I have outlined, there is no doubt. 

A. L. ROBERTS. 

Mr. Roberts: I move that the president appoint a committee 
of three persons to be known as the Education Commission of this 
Association, to make investigations of methods and gather scien- 
tific educational data relating to the deaf, to be used at any time 
when necessary. 

Seconded by Mr. Cloud. 

Mr. Allabough: This is a matter worthy of consideration. Many 
questions are asked me about the education of the deaf, the various 
methods of teaching them, the Combined System and the Pure Oral 
Method, and their merits and demerits, etc., etc., etc., and I must 
say that I have been embarrassed for lack of data. So when we 
have full and correct information on this question, we are loaded and 
able to fire our guns with effectiveness. Since we have a Publicity 
Bureau, why not have this committee co-operate with it or assign the 
work to it? 

Mr. Roberts: I propose that this committee be called "The Educa- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 129 

tion Commission" and its activity confined to subjects under that 
head alone. 

Mr. Cloud: The Publicity Bureau has a wider and mjre diverse 
field and all it can attend to. I think it is wiser to separate this 
matter. 

Pres. Hanson: All in favor of the motion to appoint an Educa- 
tion Commission will vote aye. The motion is carried. 

Mr. Merrill of Washington has a paper on "The Volta Bureau." 
Mr. Merrill has the floor. 

THE VOLTA BUREAU. 

In 1880, the French Academy awarded Dr. Alexander Graham 
Bell a prize of 50,000 francs ($10,000) because of his invention of 
the telephone. With this money, Dr. Bell started the Volta Labora- 
tory Association, an organization for research and invention, in 
Washington, D. C This $10,000 was later augmented by the pro- 
ceeds from the sale of the Association's share of the stock of the 
Volta Graphophone Company, amounting to $100,000. 

On June 27, 1887, Dr. Bell turned this fund, later called the 
"Volta Bureau Fund," over to his father, Prof. Alexander Melville 
Bell, to be used in promoting the educational welfare of deaf chil- 
dren. At this time, the purpose of the Fund was stated to be for 
founding and maintaining a bureau for the increase and diffusion 
of knowledge relating to the deaf, distributing literature concern- 
ing the deaf, and in promoting the intellectual welfare of deaf chil- 
dren. 

The Volta Bureau began life in a small two-story brick build, 
ing at 3414 Q. Street, N. W., but it was soon found that these 
quarters were inadequate, and also realized that the building was 
not a safe place in which to keep the rapidly accumulating and in- 
creasingly valuable collection of literature and statistics relating to 
the deaf. Dr. Bell, Prof. Melville Bell, and Mr. John Hitz, the sup- 
erintendent of the Bureau, decided that a new and more suitable 
building must be erected. The funds for the building were ob- 
tained by the donation of $25,000 by Dr. Bell, and $15,000 by Prof. 
Bell. Mr. Hitz gave a portion of his services by agreeing to ac- 
cept a lower salary for the remainder of his life. The new build- 
ing which is now occupied by the Volta Bureau, was completed in 
the fall of 1894. It is on the corner of Thirty-fifth street and Volta 
Place, and is a handsome structure, well adapted to its purpose. 

The library is housed in a section of the building which is sep- 
arated from the rest by a thick brick wall with only one opening 
therein, a doorway protected by steel vault doors. AH the windows, 
except one, which is iron barred, are protected by iron shutters. 
Thus the library is in a practically fire-proof vault, and the books 
and records are effectually protected. 

From its inception in 1880 until 1908, the Volta Bureau was 
maintained by Dr. Bell, who has given about $300,000 to the work. 
In 1908, feeling that such work should be carried on by a corpora- 
tion rather than by an individual, Dr. Bell turned the Volta Bureau 



130 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

and its maintenance fund over to the American Association to Pro- 
mote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf. 

The fact that the Volta Bureau is the headquarters and bus- 
iness office of the Speech association, naturally makes it appear to 
favor the oral method of instructing the deaf, but on inquiry as to 
that point, the Librarian of the Bureau stated that it was not com- 
mitted to the support of any one method exclusively, adding that 
Dr. Bell, its founder, has always favored the use of the manual 
alphabet, but is opposed to the use of signs until the end of the 
school life. In the "Volta Review" for December, 1912, Dr. Bell 
himself says, "So far as I am concerned, I see no objection to any 
child, deaf or hearing, spelling English words upon his fingers- 
i* J"!* u et our P u P ils be taught by the sign language, or the 
manual alphabet, or any other means, and deny them speech, and 
what do they get that will be of value in communicating with peo- 
ple in real life? One thing— and one thing only— a pencil and a 
pad." 

The American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech 
to the Deaf is what its name implies; the Volta Bureau is its head- 
quarters, and the Volta Review its official organ. But we must not 
lose sight of the original aim of the Volta Bureau, nor forget that 
the full title of the institution is "The Volta Bureau for the In- 
crease and Diffusion of Knowledge Relating to the Deaf." In that 
capacity it has done, and is doing, much good. 

The Bureau has sent out about 90,000 copies of its reprints of 
articles relating to the deaf. It has distributed gratituously to li- 
braries about 10,000 copies of articles in periodicals. It has pub- 
lished at its own expense, and distributed to public institutions 
riages" of" th^Deaf " W ° rkS ' including Dr ' Edw *rd A. Fay's "Mar- 

i«.m£J* a S ° rt ?f - clearin £ , house *or reports of schools and other 
publications, receiving and distributing them to schools, libraries, etc. 

,^o# The J lib - rary 0f the . Volta Bur «au is of inestimable value to the 

sJfwwiiT* m my opim ? n ' ls the P hase of the work of the Bureau 
in which we are most interested. 

wu„ At i.* 116 ! tjme of the inception of the Volta Bureau, Mr John 
m.?«™-°^ ter i b ?f ame , the first superintendent of the Bureau, at 

was SdstSrS- K^ ^ United . States fr0m Switzerland, 
was assisting Dr. Bell in certain researches relating to the deaf 
This work caused them to secure copies of eVerv available nuhli " 
!5lfSy£*J deaf " When LI reU^w^fkti^m 1 : 

umes The i7 h£ fiV^ a ^ library iJ. OW contain s upwards of 10,000 vol- 
mdfcals devoted tn^ f ^T ^ an 200 do ™stic and foreign per- 
pubStion vears J? » ?' Some ° f these periodicals suspended 
where Fff £5 f ■ £ ? ******* of them are rarely found else- 
Hcation Sw £ ?£ "?H t( > secure complete files of every pub- 
lication relating to the deaf that has ever appeared and the li- 

EeeTaWe" torecu^^^^^ ^-dex'eTan ' that" hthas 
Sriodkals anH ™hH 5™ 1 * 6 , lndlvidual s are urged to donate such 
S notn^ 1 P ? tl0nS r ? ating t0 the deaf as they may have 
and not need themselves to the Bureau; some of them, possibly of 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 131 

little value to their owners, may be just what is needed to complete 
the Bureau's files, or valuable in other ways; what is of little value 
now may be highly valuable to future generations. 

Besides these books and periodicals, the library also contains 
a card catalogue of more than 50,000 deaf children who have at- 
tended schools for the deaf since 1817; manuscripts containing 
authentic information concerning more than 4,450 marriages of 
deaf persons, with details concerning their ancestors, brothers and 
sisters, and children; the special schedules of the U. S. Census 
Bureau containing detailed information concerning the deaf of the 
United States in 1900; and much other valuable material. 

Another aim of the Bureau is to secure the co-operation of 
medical specialists throughout the world with a view to devising 
means to prevent, alleviate, and cure deafness. 

H. C. MERRILL. 

Pres Hanson: The program ends with a recitation by Miss 
Glover entitled, "Dixie." 

Miss Glover gave her recitation. 

Mr. Cloud: I move we adjourn till tomorrow at 9. Seconded 
by Mr. Freman; carried. 

Adjourned at 1:15 p. m. 



Tuesday Afternoon 

AUGUST 26 



Mr. Charles Somers, president of the Cleveland American 
League base-ball club invited the convention to attend one of the 
games played at Somers Park during the week, so on Tuesday aft- 
ernoon, following adjournment, the invitation was accepted by a 
large number of the members. 



Tuesday Evening 

AUGUST 26 



The evening was given over to the grand banquet, which was 
held in the banquet room of the Hollenden Hotel. Over 200 covers 
were laid. The Mayor of Cleveland, Hon. Newton D. Baker, who 
was on the program for a toast, was unable to attend, and his place 
was acceptably filled by Dr. Harris W. Cooley, a distinguished so- 
ciologist of the city. The menu and toasts follow: 




132 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 



Mmn 



HORS D'OEUVRES 

Olives Radishes 

POTAGE 

Cup of Tomato Essence 

ENTREE 

Jointed Chicken, Southern Style 

New Peas New Potatoes 

French Style Persillie 

SALAD 

Combination, Rigo 

ENTREMENTS 

Bombe, Mary Garden, Petit Fours 

FROMAGE 

Liptauer Garnie, Crackers 

Demi Tasse 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 133 

TOASTS 

Toastmaster Kreigh B. Ayers 

"May the other banquet be forgot, 
Let this one be the best, 
Join us in the songs we sing to-night, 
Be happy with the rest." 
"Cleveland, the Sixth City in size, but chiefly 
noted for the public spirit of its people." 

— Dr. Harris W. Cooley, of Cleveland. 

The N. A. D Olof Hanson 

"Our hands are full of business; let's away; 
Advantage feeds them fat while men delay." 

The Great Buckeye State Robert P. McGregor 

"Who invited you to the feast?" 

"By Their Fruits Ye Shall Know Them" 

Dr. Thomas Francis Fox 

"No man's personal experience can be so valu- 
able as the compared and collated experience 
of many men." 

Impostors Campaign Jay Cooke Howard 

VERY DEAF. 

The C. A. D Mrs. E. E. Bates 

"For the friends we have to love us, 
And the chance to love them too; 
For the place our lives may brighten 
And the good that we can do." 

The N. F. S. D Francis P. Gibson 

"Thou wast my nurse in sickness, and my 

comforter in health; 
So gentle and so constant, when our love 

was all our wealth; 
Thy voice of music sooth'd me, love, in 

each responding hour; 
As heaven's honey-dew consoles the bruis- 
ed and broken flower." 

The Ladies Rev. H. Lorraine Tracy 

"The world was sad! — the garden was a wild! 
And man, the hermit, sigh'd — till woman smil'd." 

The Deaf Press J. S. Long 

"The pen is mightier than the sword." 



134 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Wednesday Morning 

AUGUST 27 

Meeting called to order at 9 o'clock, President Hanson in the 
chair. 

Invocation by Rev. Moylan. 

The minutes of yesterday's meeting were read and approved. 

Mr. Hubbard: Yesterday we passed a motion to make the Ca- 
nadian deaf present at the Convention honorary members. But I 
found two, who, tho living in Canada, are still American citizens. 
I refer to Mr. and Mrs. Balis. While they have lived abroad a long 
time, they have never been naturalized in Canada. I think we should 
recognize them as honorary members. 

Pres. Hanson: I understand they are both members now. 
The report of the Auditing Committee on the Gallaudet Mon- 
ment Fund is due. 

Mr. Stewart: We were asked by the president to audit the 
Gallaudet Monument Fund accounts. We consulted Dr. Fox and 
found that it involved a tediously long job. There is a large num- 
ber of papers to look over. The best way to do would be to take it 
home with us and look over it at leisure. The condensed report we 
find correct. 

Mr. Long: Since the committee is responsible to the Executive 
Committee why not leave it to them? 

Dr. Fox: The committee sent out blanks and these blanks came 
back filled in with subscriptions all the way from 1 cent to many 
dollars. These blanks have all been kept by Dr. Hotchkiss, who 
made reports and checked off. But to go over these papers would 
involve a tedious task. The report is as Dr. Hotchkiss and Mr. Drake 
made it out, and I think it is sufficient. Part of the money was sent 
to Dr. Hotchkiss, part to me and all has been added together. But 
I have not all these papers here. 

Pres. Hanson: The matter is best referred to the Executive 
Committee. What shall be done with Mr. Stewart's report? 

Mr. Schory moved to accept; seconded by Mr. W. L. Sawhill? 
carried. 

Pres. Hanson: We will hear from the Committee on Proxies. 

Mr. Flick: The following report is the amended report and 
shows number of proxy holders and the number of votes they are 
entitled to cast: 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 135 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PROXIES. 

Proxy holder: Votes including his own: 

E. C. Smielau 4 

R. S. Taylor """.".". 2 

J. H. Keiser r 2 

A. R. Spear 2 

J. S. Long 5 

G. M. Teegarden 2 

F. P. Gibson 5 

A. H. Schory 6 

C. W. Charles 2 

T. F. Fox _„. 8 

Olof Hanson 29 

Anton Schroeder 33 

E. A. Hodgson 15 

J. H. Cloud _ 10 

A. L. Roberts 11 

P. J. Hasenstab 2 

G. W. Veditz 15 

J. C. Howard 13 

G. F. Flick „ 7 

B. R. Allabough 6 

S. M. Freeman 7 

J. C. Miller 3 

R. P. MacGregor 2 

C. R. Neillie 3 

E. C. Wyand 2 

J. M. Stewart 3 

A. C. Buxton 2 

Roy J. Stewart 2 

Dr. Fox: I move we accept the report of the Proxy Commit- 
tee. 

Seconded by Mr. Veditz; carried. 

Pres. Hanson: Before we take up the election I will announce 
the committees: On Education Commission: Mr. Roberts, of Kan- 
sas; Mr. Schroeder, of Minnesota; and Mr. Merrill, of Washington, 
D. C. 

Committee to investigate and report on the feasibility of an in- 
dependent newspaper for the N. A. D.: Mr. J. M. Stewart, 0. H. 
Regensburg, E. C Wyand, W. Glover and J. S. Long. 

It is in order for a motion to appoint tellers. 

Mr. Keiser: I move the president appoint 8 tellers. 

Seconded by Mr. Miller. 

Mr. Cloud: I move to amend and bar anyone holding proxies. 

Pres. Hanson: Does Mr. Keiser accept the amendment? 

Mr. Keiser: Yes. 

The motion as amended was carried. 



136 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Pres. Hanson: The following are selected as tellers: Mr. Bristol, 
Mr. Bacheberle, Mr. Drake, Mr. Hubbard, Mr. W. L. Sawhill, Mrs. 
Marcosson, Mr. Todd, and Miss Zell. 

Pres. Hanson: I would warn those who come to the platform 
to put names in nomination to 1 ot indulge in criticisms and person- 
alities. The five minute rule is still in force. I will ask the secre- 
tary to place the names upon the slate provided for the purpose. 

Nominations for president are in order. Mr. Hodgson. 

Mr. Hodgson: I will not consume 5 minutes in nominating my 
candidate — he is too well known to need any lengthy speech to place 
him before you. His work has been seen by the Association for 
many years. He is a man of brains and good judgment. He is 
a business man. He is a good friend of the deaf and has influence 
among people who hear as well as among those who are deaf. He 
represents the better element; is broad-minded and intelligent with 
a strong grasp of affairs. I nominate for president of the N. A. D., 
Mr. J. C. Howard, of Duluth. 

Seconded by Mr. Bell. 

Mr. Keiser: The more the merrier. I have the name of another 
good man, one well qualified. He has" been a member of the Asso- 
ciation for 30 years, and I hope his popularity will shave off a few 
votes from the candidate just named. The West has had signal 
honor; I would like to see a candidate from the East shown consid- 
eration. I nominate Mr. Alex Pach, of New York. 

Seconded by Mr. Durian. 

Mr. Drake: With charity for all and malice toward none, I 
wish to place in nomination another man. With Mr. Keiser, I say, 
"The more the merrier." My candidate has had a great deal of ex- 
perience in N. A. D. affairs, and for that reason is all the more qual- 
ified. It seems wiser to select some one that has had experience. 
His hands are not tied by connection with any school and nothing 
stands in the way of his independence. I nominate our old friend, 
Mr. George W. Veditz. 

Seconded by Mr. Miller. 

Mr. Wyand: I move we vote. 

Pres. Hanson: We will give any others an opportunity if they 
wish. I want to be perfectly fair and give all a chance to indicate 
whom they wish. 

Mr. Eegensburg: Does a majority or a plurality elect? 
Pres. Hanson: A majority. 

Mr. Drake: I move Mr. Veditz be given the privilege of the 
floor. 

Cries of "No! no!" 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 137 

President Hanson: The motion is out of order. 

Mr. Wyand: I move we proceed to vote. 

Seconded by Mr. Miller. Carried without opposition. 

As the ballots had not yet arrived the report of the Committee 
on Resolutions was called for. 

Pres. Hanson : We can hear part of it. Is the committee ready ? 
Mr. Long (Chairman): Yes; Mr. Hasenstab will read the re- 
port. 

After the first resolution had been read, the ballots arrived. 

Mr. Drake, Chairman of the Committee on Enrollment, an. 
nounced that 374 were entitled to vote. The secretary and Mr. 
Drake took count of those present entitled to vote. Result: 26 proxy 
holders with 199 votes; 170 others making 369. 

Mr. Cloud: I move that when there are several candidates and 
no choice is made on the first ballot, the name of the one getting 
the smallest number of votes be dropped. This is to be continued 
one at a time until one of the candidates receives a majority of the 
votes cast. 

Seconded by Mr. Johnson; carried. 

Mr. Bristol: The report of the tellers shows 381 votes cast. 
This is more than is right. 

Pres. Hanson: Then we will have to vote again. 

Mr. Bristol: But a great many have been coming into the hall 
while the vote was being taken. 

A recount was taken showing 381 entitled to vote. The vote 
was then declared to be correct and was announced as follows: 

Mr. Howard, 232; Mr. Veditz, 114; Mr. Pach, 35. 

Mr. Howard was declared elected. 

Mr. Regensburg: I move we make the election of Mr. Howard 
unanimous. 

Seconded by Mr. Pach. Carried without opposition. 

Pres. Hanson: Will Mr. Howard take the chair? 

Mr. Howard expressed the wish that Mr. Hanson continue to 
preside and by vote of the convention he remained in the chair un- 
til the election had been completed. 

Pres. Hanson: Nominations for first vice-president are in order. 

Mr. Leitner: Let us look to Pennsylvania for our first vice- 
president — the famous keystone state. This state has sent a large 
delegation and deserves the honor. I present the name of a man 
who is a popular representative from there; a man who is broad- 



138 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

minded, of calm and deliberate judgment — Mr. Geo. M. Teegarden. 

Seconded by Mr. Collins Sawhill. 

Mr. Gibson: I take pleasure in naming a man that all of you 
know. Many of the men and women here were under his instruc- 
tion while in school. He is known all over Ohio by his writings and 
his public spirit. We have been here for a most enjoyable week, and 
I think you will agree that Ohio is entitled to some show of our ap- 
preciation. I ask my friends wearing this button (pointing to the 
N. F. S. D. button in his lapel) to not let any past bitterness bias 
them — they as well as he will understand — but let their judgment 
as to his deserving the honor govern their votes. I nominate Mr. 
A. B. Greener, of Ohio. 

Seconded by Mr. Cloud. 

Pres. Hanson: Does Mr. Greener accept? 

Mr. Greener: I will leave it to the Convention to decide. 

Mr. Parsons: I nominate Mr. Hubbard, of Michigan. 

Mr. Hubbard: I thank the gentleman from the nutmeg state, 
but I do not aspire to office and must decline the nomination. 

Mr. Germer: I beg to name a well-known member, Mr. Bristol, 
of Michigan, three years president of the N. F. S. D., and a very 
capable man. 

Mr. Bristol: I thank my friend but I do not desire to be a 
candidate. 

Mr. Merrill: I move we vote. Seconded by Mr. Smielau; car- 
ried. 

Mr. Taylor (N. C): I move that while the tellers are counting 
the ballots we proceed with the nominations for candidates for the 
next office. 

Seconded by Mr. Schoolfield. Carried. 

Dr. Fox: The N. A. D. has always recognized the ladies as 
members of the Association and they have always given loyal service 
in our work. I am therefore pleased to have the honor of naming one 
of them as second vice-president— a woman of remarkable parts, 
doing work in a man's sphere. On the death of her husband, she 
took up his duties where he had laid them down and has succeeded 
with great credit. She is from New York state and is secretary 
of our state association. She deserves honor for her consistent ef- 
forts in behalf of the Association. I nominate Mrs. Anna S. Lash- 
brook, of Rome, New York. 

Seconded by Collins Sawhill. 

Father McCarthy: I am a great admirer of the N. A. D. It is 
for all the deaf and their interests without regard to race or creed. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 139 

But it seems to me its membership is too scant for results, scarce- 
ly 500 in a country where there are at least 40,000 adult deaf. Suc- 
cess often depends on the mass of the force behind the movement. 
This was seen in the success of the Civil Service Appeal to the pres- 
idential candidates some years ago, and now it seems to me that 
progress might be made more effective if we could show a large and 
solid front in demanding the actual adoption of that measure. You 
will find a large resource for increased membership in the Catholic 
element, of which there must be approximately 10,000 adults. Hith- 
erto, you have not welcomed them; certainly it is only within the 
last three conventions that you have invited their clergy to your 
rostrums. Of course there can be no place for racial or religious 
prejudice in a national association. But the courtesies shown us in 
these last conventions have been observed and appreciated and I 
look for a greater number of our faith in the list of your member- 
ship. In furtherance of that hope let me present the name of Mrs. 
A. J. Eickhoff as a candidate for the office of second vice-president. 

Seconded by Mr. Pach. 

The tellers reported the result of the ballot for first vice-pres- 
ident: Mr. Greener, 299; Mr. Teegarden, 70. 

Pres. Hanson: Mr. Greener is elected first vice-president. 

While voting for second vice-president we will receive nomina- 
tions for third vice-president. 

Mr. Stewart (Mich.): I am a Northern man but have a love for 
the South and know the Southern deaf are as good as you can find 
anywhere in the country. You have met many of the Southern deaf 
and if you have talked with them you know this to be true. The 
Southern deaf have kept up their interest in the N. A. D. There is 
one man here who has brains, is president of his state association 
and has worked a great deal in the interest of the deaf. I name Mr. 
Walter Glover, of North Carolina. 

Seconded by Mr. Miller. 

Mr. Schoolfield: I am from the South and thank Mr. Stewart 
for his courteous words and love for the Southern people. I want to 
name another Southern gentleman, Mr. Amos Todd, of Tennessee. 

Seconded by Mr. Dudley. 

Pres. Hanson: While waiting for the count of ballots I will 
call your attention to a number of circulars written by me. I will 
read them only by title. I would suggest that if funds permit they 
be printed in the proceedings as an appendix. If not printed in 
whole at least refer to them by title. (2) The Deaf and Their Ed- 
ucation; (3) Signs and Pure Oralism; (4) Superintendents Defend 
the Sign Language; (5) Schools for the Deaf not Charitable Insti- 



140 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

tutions; (6) Resolutions on the Sign Language; (7) Oral Teaching 
of the Deaf; (8) Views of an Experienced Oral Instructor; a Pure 
Oral Product; (9) Methods of Educating the Deaf and Opinions 
About the Sign Language; (10) Opinions About the Nebraska Law; 
(11) Why the Oral Law Should be Repealed; (12) Nebraska Cor- 
respondence; and a copy of the Nebraska law. 

Report of tellers on second vice-president: 

Mrs. Lashbrook, 222; Mrs. Eickhoff, 134. 

Pres. Hanson: Nominations for fourth vice-president are in 
order. 

Dr. Fox: I present the name of a man originally from the far 
east but now living in the extreme west; one who has shown his 
interest in the convention by coming all the way from California to 
attend. I nominate Mr. W. L. Waters. 

Mr. Wyand: We have nominated from the North, the South, 
East and West. We must not forget there is a little corner way 
up northeast and I wish to present the name of a fine man, a product 
of the famous Clerc. He is a man who has done much to promote 
all that is good for the deaf in New England. We know the fourth 
vice-president is a position rather of honor than activity, and I ask 
for recognition of New England by the election of Mr. Henry M. 
Fairman, of Worcester, Mass. 

Pres. Hanson: Does Mr. Fairman accept? 

Some person in the audience: He is not here. 

Mr. Stewart (Washington): I move the secretary be instruct- 
ed to cast the ballot for Mr. Waters for fourth vice-president. 

Seconded by Mr. Moylan. Carried without opposition. 

Pres. Hanson: Nominations for secretary are in order. 

Mr. Cloud: A short time ago, on my way to California, I hap- 
pened to meet on a train a gentleman who until recently was the 
superintendent of a leading school for the deaf. In the course of our 
conversation he referred to a certain young deaf gentleman con- 
nected with his school and praised his efficiency, and his ability as 
a teacher. I had known all this but was pleased to learn from his 
superintendent himself of this young man's high qualities. This 
young man whom I desire to name as secretary is qualified in every 
way. He can read signs readily; he is a gifted writer; he is a print- 
er; an editor; a man who understands the deaf rightly; a defender 
of our faith in the Sign Language; one who has done much in the 
way of helping the deaf. He is just the man whom the new presi- 
dent needs to help him. And the new president wants him. He de- 
serves well of Ohio; his beautiful and accomplished better half is 
from the Buckeye state. I nominate Mr. A. L. Roberts, of Kansas. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 141 

Seconded by Mr. Schory. 

Report of tellers on third vice-president: 

Walter Glover, 242; A. J. Todd, 124. 

Mr. Johnson: I move the secretary be instructed to cast the 
ballot for Mr. Roberts for secretary. 

Seconded by Mr. Tracy. Carried without opposition. 
Pres. Hanson: Nominations for treasurer are in order. 
Mr. Howard: The nominations of candidates for office have 
been in the nature of the passing around of the loving cup. There has 
been no bitterness, no criticism, nothing but praise. A man from 
the North has nominated a son of the South for an honored office; 
personal enmity of many years standing was effaced in an instant 
when a gentleman stepped up and nominated the man he had not 
spoken to for years. I have just been elected president. A very 
worthy gentleman nominated one of my opponents and I presume 
voted against me. I believe this man in particularly well fitted for 
the office of treasurer and the fact that he nominated an opponent of 
mine and opposed my election does not make him less estimable. 
This is a free country and every man is entitled to his honest opin- 
ion and the free exercise of his franchise. I wish it understood, too, 
that I have no animosity against those who believed some one else 
better fitted for the high office to which the majority here elected 
me. I hope that any differences that have existed during the heat 
of debate of the convention about to close will be laid aside and that 
we will, one and all, unite and work for the good of the deaf and of 
our Association. For treasurer I nominate Mr. H. D. Drake of 
Washington, D. C. 

Seconded by Mr. Schory. 

Mr. Pach: I move the secretary be instructed to cast the bal- 
lot for Mr. Drake as treasurer. 

Seconded by Mr. Hodgson. Carried without opposition. 
Mr. Hasenstab: Under the new law as passed the other day 
we must select three trustees of the Endowment Fund. The law 
does not go into effect until after adjournment but we can elect them 
now. I move we proceed to elect the trustees. 

Pres. Hanson: While the law does not go into effect until after 
adjournment we may properly elect the trustees now. The first nam- 
ed will serve one term — three years; the second for two terms — six 
years; and the third for three terms — nine years. Mr. Hasenstab's 
motion is in order. 

Seconded by Mr. Neillie. 

Mr. Hodgson: Yesterday we began putting down our names 



142 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

for subscriptions to the Endowment Fund. But we are not giving 
this in the ordinary way of contributions. The men must be under 
bonds, agree on a depository and give an accounting. Six or seven 
years ago Mr. Veditz brought the matter up at Norfolk and at Colo- 
rado Springs put it into active operation. Now the man who con- 
ceived the idea is a good man to make it go. Much will depend on 
the three men we select. Their office is^ a position of honor; it is 
also one of hard work. They must beg for money. They must be 
men of eloquence to persuade rich men to help and to push the move- 
ment along. I think Mr. Veditz is the man to be chosen chairman 
of the Trustees. For myself I should prefer to see five trustees, but 
the law says three and we must follow the law. So I name Mr. 
Veditz. 

Pres. Hanson: We must first decide on Mr. Hasenstab's mo- 
tion. I think the Committee on Laws has the power to change it 
to five if they think best. All in favor of Mr. Hasenstab's motion 
raise the hands. (Most hands went up.) The motion is carried. 

Mr. Hodgson: I nominate Mr. Veditz for chairman. 

Mrs. Bates: I think no one can object to our retiring presi- 
dent. 

Pres. Hanson: I should prefer to see Mr. Veditz chairman. 

Mr. Cloud: I nominate Dr. Draper. 

Some one in audience: He is not here. 

Dr. Fox: I nominate Mr. Hodgson of New York. 

Mr. Howard: I nominate Mr. Hubbard of Michigan. 

Mr. Hubbard: Thanks; I would prefer to see a younger man in 
the place. 

Mr. Hodgson: I ask you to put Mr. Hubbard's name in place of 
mine. He has been working in behalf of this and deserves the hon- 
or. 

Mr. Hubbard: I do not desire the place. 
Mr. Howard: You are already engaged in the work. 
Pres. Hanson: The names of Veditz, Hanson and Hubbard are 
presented. 

Mr. Allabough: I move the secretary be instructed to cast the 
ballot of the convention for these three men. 

Mr. Hubbard: I bow to the will of the Convention and accept 
with thanks the honor it has seen fit to confer on me, tho I have 
my misgivings as to the wisdom of appointing one of my years for 
a term so long. 

Mr. Allabough's motion was seconded by Mr. Teegarden. 
Pres. Hanson: Any opposition? (None). The motion is passed. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 143 

According to the constitution my duty as president is at an 
end. Before retiring I wish to express my gratification for the 
harmony that has prevailed during the convention. As a farewell 
message, I repeat what I said at the banquet last night: There are 
two things I wish you to bear in mind: First, that there is a need 
for the N. A. D. Second, We CAN make the N. A. D. a strong and 
powerful organization if we will work together. 

The constitution provides no ceremony for inducting officers but 
I will ask Dr. Fox to escort Mr. Howard to the chair. 

Dr. Fox conducting Mr. Howard to the chair, Mr. Hanson re- 
tired and the new president assumed the office of president. 

Pres. Howard: Order is heaven's first law and so long as I 
am president, I propose to have order. 

I have a confession to make; I promised that as soon as I had 
taken office, I would give Mr. Allabough the privilege of the floor. 

Mr. Allabough (taking his daughter, aged 10, to the platform): 
Let me introduce my daughter, Helen Allabough. Will Mr. Hanson 
please come to the platform. 

(Mr. Hanson advances to the platform.) 

Helen Allabough (turning to Mr. Hanson and signing): Mr. 
President, your friends present this purse to you to express their 
appreciation of your good work. The Lord bless you. 

Mr. Hanson: I feel very deeply this evidence of your friend- 
ship. I have been severely criticized by some prominent deaf per- 
sons, but I have done my duty as I saw it. This expression of ap- 
preciation and confidence is most gratifying. I thank you. 

Mr. Allabough: I feel I should say a few words. The mem- 
bers of the N. A. D. as well as others interested, have recognized 
how hard the president has worked during the three years of his ad- 
ministration, which has been evidenced by the voluminous reports 
in the Deaf-Mutes' Journal and the Observer. I felt sure that they 
would be willing to show appreciation for his work by some gift. 
He has spent many times, in money, time and energy, the value of 
what I am about to present him. In this purse (holding it up) are 
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS IN GOLD; the purse itself is present- 
ed as a souvenir of the occasion (giving the gift to Mr. Hanson.). 
(Great applause). Wait and let me tell you how the money was 
raised. There are 155 subscribers, whose names, Mr. Hanson, you 
will find on the list accompanying the gift. I collected $35 from 35 
subscribers, both by mail and in person, before the convention and 
$76.97 from 120 subscribers in person during this convention; 51 
cents from the sale of unused envelopes, making $112.48 in all. The 
expenses were $8.67 for stationery; $2.31 for postage; $1.50 for the 
German Silver purse, making $12.48 in all. 



144 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Receipts $112.43 

Expenses 12.4S 



Balance for gift $100.00 

Mr. Hanson, here is the list of contributors, and you can look 
over it on your homeward trip. 

I desire to thank you all who have so kindly responded, for help- 
ing me make this splendid gift possible and the good will prove a 
blessing, not only to the recipient but also to the donors. (Great ap- 
plause.) 

Mr. Hanson: This is a favor for which I thank you every one, 
not only for the money, which will go a long way toward paying 
the expenses of the trip from Seattle, but still more for the spirit of 
good will shown by the gift. Again I thank you. 

Mr. Cloud: While it is highly proper to honor and show appre- 
ciation to our president, we must not forget the secretary, treasur- 
er and other officers of the convention who have performed their 
duties to our satisfaction. I move we give a vote of thanks to our 
retiring officers. 

Seconded by Mr. Keiser. Carried. 

Mr. Roberts was called and assumed the secretary's chair. 
Pres. Howard: I understand the Committee on Resolutions 
began its report but did not finish. The report is now in order. Mr. 
Hasenstab. 

The report was made, one resolution at a time, and each passed 
upon. Mr. Cloud objected to part of the resolution on day schools 
and it was amended to meet his objections. The resolutions as pass- 
ed were as follows: 

RESOLUTIONS. 

While we fully recognize and appreciate the value of speech 
to the deaf, we also recognize the difficulty and even the impossibil- 
ity of acquiring it by many of the deaf. 

RESOLVED, That we favor the best oral instruction for those 
who can profit by it. 

RESOLVED, That where the attempt to acquire speech results 
in the sacrifice of mental development, we favor the employment of 
such methods as will secure the highest and broadest mental devel- 
opment. 

This is what the Combined System aims to do, and therefore we 
endorse the Combined System. 

RESOLVED, That the National Association of the Deaf is high- 
ly appreciative of the fact that the State of Kentucky has recog- 
nized the rights and the fitness of the deaf to judge or pass upon 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 145 

matters pertaining to the education and training of deaf children by 
placing a deaf man upon the Board of Directors of the State School 
for the Deaf. 

WHEREAS, The deaf, handicapped by their lack of hearing, 
more than any other class are benefitted through life by the amel- 
ioration which education effects; and consequently are losers, along 
with the communities wherein they live, by the tendency to shorten 
their terms at school and ignore the educational privileges which the 
State allows them; be it 

RESOLVED, That this Association recommends the enactment 
of an uniform compulsory education law for the deaf in all and ev- 
ery State wherein such law does not at present exist. 

WHEREAS, The efforts made by the deaf adults of foreign 
countries to secure recognition for utility of the sign language in 
their educational work have time and again been set aside by those 
engaged in school work; and, 

WHEREAS, At the recent Paris Congress of the Deaf, a cer- 
tain deaf girl was openly censured by a school official from the plat- 
form for the bold address she had made in support of the sign lan- 
guage; be it 

RESOLVED, That the National Association of the Deaf as- 
sembled in Cleveland, 0., August 20-27, extends its sincere sym- 
pathy to those foreign brothers and sisters who are struggling for 
the right of helpless deaf children to a more complete education than 
their existing method can offer them. 

WHEREAS, The requirements in the industrial world are for 
better trained and more competent workmen, and the deaf need every 
assistance in this direction; be it 

RESOLVED, That we urge upon superintendents and admini- 
strative bodies of all schools for the deaf more liberal appropria- 
tions for this department of their schools, to the end that thorough- 
ly modern methods may be taught. 

RESOLVED, That the thanks of this Association are due and 
are hereby tendered to Dr. Enoch Henry Currier, Superintendent 
of the New York Institution, for collecting, publishing and distri- 
buting the opinions of prominent deaf people throughout the United 
States upon the utility of the sign language in connection with the 
intellectual development and moral culture of the deaf, and that we 
heartily endorse the sentiments expressed and the conclusions reached 
by Dr. Currier. 

WHEREAS, There exists a systematic propaganda to influence 
the public in favor of the oral instruction, by publishing in maga- 
zines and periodicals exaggerated accounts of work done; be it 

RESOLVED, That we request all magazines that publish or 
have published such accounts in favor of the oral method to give 
equal space to a fair presentation of the Combined System. 

RESOLVED, That the thanks of the Association are due to 
those who sent specimens for Industrial Exhibition. 

RESOLVED, That a standing committee of three be establish- 
ed to be known as the Civil Service Committee of the N. A. D., whose 
duty it shall be to remove or remedy discriminations against the 



146 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

deaf in the Civil Service of the Government and to encourage and 
assist the deaf to obtain positions in this service. 

RESOLVED, That the Endowment Fund Committee be made a 
standing committee to concern itself with the accumulation of a fund 
whose annual income shall equal or exceed ten thousand dollars. 

RESOLVED, That the thanks of the Association be voted to the 
Local Committee for its efforts to provide for the comfort, conven- 
ience, and pleasure of all in attendance. 

WHEREAS, There is no necessity for an educated deaf person 
to beg or solicit alms on account of deafness; and, 

WHEREAS, There are many cases of persons who are not real- 
ly deaf, but hearing people who prey on the sympathy of the public 
to the injury of the respectable and self-supporting deaf; therefore, 
be it 

RESOLVED, That it is the sense of this Association that string- 
ent laws should be enacted making it a penal offense to ask pecun. 
iary aid, on account of deafness or on pretense of being "deaf and 
dumb." 

RESOLVED, That we appreciate the invitation extended by the 
Association of American Instructors of the Deaf to the Association 
to be represented by its fraternal delegates at its coming Convention 
of 1914, and the assigning of a day to be kn'Avn as the N. A. D. day 
in its programme. 

WHEREAS, Repeated but unsuccessful efforts have been made 
by the promoters of the oral method of instruction for deaf children 
to abolish the State School for the Deaf in V isconsin and to substi- 
tute day schools throughout the State; be it 

RESOLVED, That the National Association of the Deaf, as- 
sembled in Cleveland, O., August 20th to 27th, 1913, declare as the 
sentiment of the Association that all such efforts will not in any way 
better the education and further usefulness of deaf children; and be 
it further 

RESOLVED, That the Association exercise all possible legiti- 
mate means to prevent the dissemination of such preverting ideas. 

WHEREAS, The General Assembly of Nebraska passed and en- 
acted a bill two years ago, requiring an exclusive use of the oral 
method of instruction for deaf children at the state school; and, 

WHEREAS, This was done at the instance of the parents' as- 
sociation, composed of parents who had been insisting for years on 
oral instruction for their deaf children but in vain; and, 

WHEREAS, It is our conviction that general education and in- 
tellectual culture is a much greater necessity to the welfare and hap- 
piness of the deaf than the mere acquirement of oral speech, and 
that parents have generally been directed, through the zeal of the 
promoters of the oral method, to the latter rather; be it 

RESOLVED, That the National Association of the Deaf, as- 
sembled in Cleveland, O., August 20th to 27th, 1913, having listened 
to the report of its committee on Nebraska law and to the letter of 
explanation written by one representing the Parents' Association, 
and bearing in mind again sustains its preference for the combined 
system of instruction, and holds that the Nebraska law can not and 
will eventually not obtain as good results as were acquired under 
the combined system; and be it further 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 147 

RESOLVED, That the N. A. D. and friends of the deaf should 
continue ther efforts in behalf of children now in school, and of com- 
ing generations, to secure for them the maintenance of the Combined 
System. 

RESOLVED, That the Association recognizes the open and frank 
manner in which the Deaf-Mutes' Journal has been publishing the 
interests of the Association during the past three years, and hereby 
thanks the Editor for same. 

RESOLVED, That we express our appreciation of the work of 
the Industrial Bureau, and that it is the sentiment of the Associa- 
tion that this Bureau be made a permanent department under the 
direction of the Executive Committee. 

RESOLVED, That the National Association of the Deaf hearti- 
ly endorses the efforts of the various State Associations of the Deaf 
in their attempts to secure adequate representation in the directo- 
rate of the State schools for the deaf, and recognizes as just the claim 
of the alumni to a voice in the determination of the methods of in- 
struction used in their schools. 

RESOLVED, That we assure John D. Rockefeller of our appre- 
ciation of his courtesy of allowing members of the Association to 
visit his grounds and giving us a reception at his country home. 

WHEREAS, Cleveland has more than fulfilled our anticipa- 
tions, showing every possible courtesy through excellent hotel ac- 
commodations, practically correct press reports of convention pro- 
ceedings and doings, park and baseball entertainments, and general 
hospitality of the city; be it 

RESOLVED, That the thanks of the National Association of 
the Deaf, assembled in the city of Cleveland, August 20th to 27th, 
be and are hereby given to the Mayor and City of Cleveland, the 
Hollenden and other hotels, the city press, the Euclid Beach, the Luna 
Park, the Lake View Cemetery, Charles Somers, President of Cleve- 
land Base-Ball Club, and the Eastland Boat Company authorities. 

WHEREAS, The social success of the convention has been large- 
ly due to the efforts of the Local Committee and their generous en- 
tertainment has more than fulfilled their promises; be it 

RESOLVED, That we express our appreciation of same and 
hereby convey our hearty thanks to the Local Committee. 

RESOLVED, That the Committee on Programme be assured of 
the Association's satisfaction with the programme, and be thanked 
warmly for same. 

RESOLVED, That the National Association of the Deaf in 
convention assembled in the Hollenden Hotel auditorium, extends 
sympathy to those bereaved by the death of the owner of the Hollen- 
den Hotel, which is at present the headquarters of the Association. 

Pres. Howard: Will the Committee on Necrology report? 
Mr. Bristol: Mr. McGregor, the chairman is gone; I will re- 
port. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON NECROLOGY. 

The following members of the N. A. D. have died since the Col- 
orado Springs convention in 1910: 



148 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Rev. A. W. Mann, Ohio; A. I. Jacobson, South Dakota; Theo- 
dore Froelich, New York; Melville Ballard, District of Columbia; 
Mrs. Floyd Mount, Colorado; P. H. Brown, Montana; Chas. L. Minor, 
Missouri; and Baxter Mosey, Wyoming. 

Pres. Howard: What shall we do with the report? 

Mr. Hasenstab: I move we accept. Seconded by Mr. Wyand; 
carried. 

Mr. Greener: I know you are all anxious to complete the day's 
business so I'll crave your attention for only a few moments. As 
you are well aware, the Deaf-Mutes' Journal has been the official 
organ of the Association the past three years and almost weekly has 
devoted much space in its columns to the official doings of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee and the president besides printing much other 
matter relatings to the N. A. D. and yet has never charged the As- 
sociation a cent for the labor and time given. Such consideration is 
truly worthy of recognition and reward. In behalf of the contribut- 
ors I take pleasure in presenting to you, Mr. Hodgson, this purse of 
$24 as a slight token of appreciation for your generous services. 

Mr. Hodgson: It seems that I have had many friends and did 
not know them. I never expected any reward for doing my duty to 
the N. A. D. I have been interested in doing what I could for the 
Association. I do not need the money but assure you of a deep sense 
of gratitude for this generosity and thank you. 

Pres. Howard: It is in order to select the place for the next 
meeting. 

Mr. Hanson: We have invitations from several places. One is 
from the New England Gallaudet Association inviting us to hold the 
next Convention at Hartford in 1917. There is one invitation from 
Seattle, my home city. This invitation is for 1915; Seattle does not 
ask for the convention if the next convention is to be held in Hart- 
ford, but if the next regular convention is to be held in 1915, Seat- 
tle wants it. My own view is that we had better wait until 1917. 
Miss Beardsley has an invitation from Madison, South Dakota. The 
city offers a bonus of $500 with free auditorium. I move that a res- 
olution be passed to the effect that it is the sense of the Association 
that the next convention be held in Hartford in 1917. 

Mr. Cloud: I would like to amend with a provision for a spe- 
cial meeting, should one be desired in 1915, in California, but without 
any election of or change in officers at that meeting. 

Seconded by Mr. Johnson. 

Mr. Veditz: May I remind you that the constitution has a pro- 
vision making it possible for a special meeting in 1915. San Fran- 
cisco is to have a fair and these fairs always draw large crowds be- 
cause of the reduced rates. It is likely that many of the deaf will 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 149 

go to California in 1915 whether there is a convention or not. Many 
will pass through Colorado, and I will say in parenthesis that the 
attractions of Colorado Springs that made the 1910 convention mem- 
orable are still there and I would cordially invite you to stop over 
in Colorado Springs enroute to San Francisco in 1915. So I think 
it unwise to decide the matter of making this merely a special meet- 
ing just now. Better leave it to the Executive Committee to decide 
later. I agree with Mr. Hanson that we should meet in Hartford in 
1917 and have a World's Congress there then, but we can also meet 
in 1915 in San Francisco. 

Mr. Cloud: My object was to prevent a regular meeting with 
the election of new officers. If the fair draws a crowd, all right; 
let the Association meet in California legally, but as a special meet- 
ing. Give the new management time in which to do something. Be- 
tween now and 1915 would not be time enough. 

Mr. Hodgson: I agree with Mr. Veditz. We can hold a special 
meeting in California in two years but the constitution provides that 
the officers hold for three years, or until their successors are elect- 
ed. So there can be no election in 1916; new officers will be elected 
in 1917. Even if we meet in California the same officers will con- 
tinue till 1917. 

Pres. Howard: Mr. Cloud moves an amendment for a special 
meeting in 1915; seconded by Mr. Johnson. Are there any opposed? 
(Three hands went up.) The motion is carried. 

Mr. Hanson's motion as amended is now before the convention. 
Mr. Hanson moves that the Association meet in Hartford in 1917. 
Mr. Cloud's amendment provides for a special meeting in California 
in 1915. 

The motion was carried unanimously. 

Pres. Howard: When I went out to J. D. Rockefeller's the other 
day I took a copy of Long's Sign Manual from the pile in the In- 
dustrial exhibit and wrote in it, "With the Compliments of the Con- 
vention." I did this entirely on my own responsibility as there was 
no time to consult the convention and I thought it a good idea to 
show him something of the signs used by the deaf. I proposed bring- 
ing it before the convention later and asking you to pay Mr. Long 
for the book. However, if my action is not approved I will pay 
for it. 

Mr. Veditz: I move we appropriate the necessary money from 
the treasury. 

Seconded by Mr. Allabough. Carried. 

Dr. Fox: You heard the report of the Gallaudet Monument 
Committee. What do you propose to do with the report and with 
the fund with regard to the monument? 



150 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Mr. Smielau: I move the committee be continued to look aft- 
er and complete the repairs. 

Seconded by Mr. Cloud. Passed. 

Mr. Long: The other day Mr. Regensburg submitted a design 
for a seal for the Association. What action is to be taken? 

Mr. Regensburg: The Executive Committee passed a motion 
to purchase a seal and a design was first submitted. If accepted 
we will have the seal made. (Shows design.) 

Mr. Cloud: I move we leave the matter to the Executive Com- 
mittee. 

Dr. Fox: I have here a letter from the New York Merchants' 
Association inviting the Association to meet in New York in 1916. 
It is something of a surprise to myself but I cordially second the 
invitation. We can at least place it on file. 

Mr. Cloud: And visit New York on our way to Hartford in 
1917. 

Mr. Regensburg: There are several invitations and they should 
be put on record. Here is one from St. Louis. 

Mr. Cloud: File them all. 

Mr. Regensburg: What about my position on the Motion Pic- 
ture Committee? 

Pres. Howard: The work of the Motion Picture Committee is 
not yet finished. 

Mr. Cloud: I move the committee be continued as it is. 

Seconded by Mr. Hubbard. Carried. 

Mr. Veditz: One of our friends and members deserves our 
sympathy. He has been in the hospital a great deal of the time 
within the past few months. The surgeons have just had to cut 
away part of his jaw. He is still under treatment or otherwise he 
would have been present at this convention. None of us has shown 
a more sincere and loyal interest in the Association, and his letter of 
greeting to the Convention breathes the spirit of sincere loyalty. I 
move that we send a message of sympathy to the Rev. Mr. Michaels. 

Seconded by Mr. Allabough. Carried. 

Mr. Hasenstab: I think the Executive Committee will find it 
desirable to make announcements occasionally and keep in touch with 
the members of the Association and it might be a good idea to issue 
a quarterly bulletin. I move the matter be referred to the Executive 
Committee. 

Mr. Cloud: Have we not an official organ? 
(Motion not seconded.) 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 151 

Mr. Veditz: Three years ago we selected the Deaf-Mutes' 
Journal. Mr. Hodgson has been very kind in publishing Association 
matters. I move we select the Journal as the official organ. 

Seconded and passed. 

Mr. Allabough: I have a letter from Mr. Root of Seattle, say- 
ing that he has raised $40 to help pay Mr. Hanson's expenses. I 
wish to say that this sum has nothing to do with my report of the 
gift to Mr. Hanson. 

Mr. Roberts: Have we not forgotten to thank the Local Com- 
mittee ? 

Mr. Long: That was done in the resolutions. 

Mr. Drake: Should the secreta»y be instructed to send letters 
according to the resolutions? 

Pres. Howard: Such is the secretary's duty. 

Mr. Gibson: I came to the platform with a mission: Maybe 
it will not be a very acceptable mission to a few. I have been a mem- 
ber of the Association since 1893 and attended all but three of the 
conventions since. I have observed there seems to be much bitter 
feeling among the leaders. I want to say that I feel with all my 
heart that this bitterness should be ended and a new day dawn for 
all members of the N. A. D. Let us go home with a kindly feeling. 

I may have been misunderstood when I nominated Mr. Green- 
er. I had no idea of influencing the vote by the reference I made to 
the N. F. S. D. button but referred to a personal matter between 
Mr. Greener and myself. I wanted to show that we held no bitter 
feelings against him and then asked the N. F. S. D. members not to 
be swayed by any personal feeling. 

Pres. Howard: We will adjourn with a benediction. Rev. Mr 
Allabough. 

After the benediction the president declared the meeting ad- 
journed sine die. 

Adjournment at 1:35 p. m. 



152 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

APPENDIX 



THE MOTION PICTURE FUND CONTROVERSY. 

(Secretary's Note: — The committee in charge of printing the 
foregoing proceedings of the Cleveland Convention deemed it best 
to omit mention of the controversy over the Motion Picture fund be- 
tween Mr. Hanson and Mr. Regensburg. The matter was considered 
a closed incident, and it was thought the wiser course would be to 
omit any further mention of it. To this end, it was suggested to 
Mr. Hanson that he omit from his Executive Committee report his 
reference to the matter, and to Mr. Regensburg that he likewise omit 
his statement from his Motion Picture fund report. Mr. Regens- 
burg was willing, but Mr. Hanson thought it better to print his 
version as given in his report. The printing committee decided to 
omit the two statements. However, on receiving proofs, Mr. Han- 
son insisted that his statement should go in. That part of the pro- 
ceedings containing the Executive Committee report had already 
been printed; unfortunately, also, the secretary had overlooked the 
fact that Messrs. Veditz and Regensburg had both taken the floor 
and commented upon the matter, following the Executive Committee 
report, and the omission of Mr. Hanson's statement of the contro- 
versy made the trend of their remarks not very clear. To straight- 
en out the matter, both Mr. Hanson's and Mr. Regensburg's state- 
ments are here printed in the appendix.) 



MR. HANSON'S STATEMENT. 

(Part of Executive Committee Report, Page 27.) 

The treasurer of the Motion Picture Fund claimed that this 
fund was independent of the N. A. D., and not subject to the author- 
ity of the Executive Committee. This claim resulted in a long and 
bitter controversy. 

At Colorado Springs, the State treasurers present met and elect- 
ed a committee of five to have charge of the fund. But this com- 
mittee had no connection with the N. A. D. and was not responsible 
to this association for its actions. No announcement of the election 
of the committee was made, either during the convention or after- 
ward, and I did not learn of its existence until some weeks after the 
Colorado Convention. 

Owing to the absence of any records or authoritative statement 
as to the origin and purpose of the movement, the status of the 
tund was indefinite and uncertain. But one thine was clear. The 
Ki1 ney ' if m * 01 i n * lnB , t0 betwee n f our and five thousand dollars, had 
fcff ecW ln *e name of the N. A. D. and this association was 
that thJN responsible for its proper use. On this ground, I insisted 

ComnSt J Un TV h ° Ul l be - Subject t0 the authority of the Executive 
Committee. This authority was finally recognized. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 153 

The men elected by the State treasurers were entirely satis- 
factory and the Executive Committee was willing to recognize them 
and have them continue to manage the fund. The question, how- 
ever, arose as to whether the expenditures of the committee for films, 
etc., should be subject to the approval of the president as represent- 
ing the Executive Committee, and whether the committee should be 
required to report its actions from time to time. The treasurer ob- 
jected to the former as giving the President too much power, and 
to the latter as involving too much red tape. 

The Executive Committee, by a vote of 5 to 4, published Nov.. 
9, 1911, decided that the expenditures of the Motion Picture Com- 
mittee should be subject to the approval of the president, as repre-, 
senting the Executive Committee, and that the Motion Picture Com- 
mittee should report its actions from time to time to the president- 
There was much unnecessary feeling over this action, which I 
can only attribute to a misunderstanding of the attitude of myself 
and the Executive Committee. The Motion Picture Committee re- 
signed in a body. I declined to accept their resignations, explain- 
ed my position, and prevailed upon them to continue the work in 
accordance with the vote of the Executive Committee. This they 
have done. 

I wish to repeat here what I have often said before, that I have 
found no fault with Mr. Regensburg's work in connection with the 
fund. He has given it a great deal of his time and attention. This 
I have gladly recognized. The only question at issue was whether 
or not the authority of the N. A. D. over the Motion Picture Fund 
should be recognized. This I have insisted on, and have carried my 
point. If it leaves a feeling of animosity, I regret it, but I do not 
see how I could have acted otherwise and been true to the duty of 
my office as I see it. 

The correspondence on this subject was carried on before the 
Executive Committee by private correspondence, to avoid undue pub- 
licity. But in order to place it on record and prevent further mis- 
understanding, it was published in the Journal. A general state- 
ment was published Nov. 9, 1911. Most of the correspondence was 
published from Nov. 9 to Dec. 11, 1911. 



MR. REGENSBURG'S STATEMENT. 

(Part of Motion Picture Fund Committee Report, Page 98.) 
Your President, in some recent public communications and in 
answer to two inquiries whether he intended in his Convention ad- 
dress to refer to the former controversy with our chairman which 
led to the resignation of this Committee as a body, and, as a sequence, 
"the firing" of the Chairman as a member of the President's Execu- 
tive Committee, has made a few allusions to it. 

Our chairman states that as recently as June 9, for the pur- 
pose of preserving peace and harmony, he wrote to the President: 
"I want to avoid it in my own report, and you may remember 
that when you started publishing your side in the Journal you gave 
me permission to state mine after you would be through, but when 
the time came you suggested that I had better not as the public was 



154 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

tired of it and it was doing the N. A. D. harm and I yielded to your 
wish." 

It becomes necessary now to complete the records to give our 
chairman's version, after having remained silent at the President's 
request. The latter, Dec. 11, 1911, wrote: "I sent the last install- 
ment of the M. P. discussion to the Journal last week. If you have 
anything to say in reply, it is your privilege. If you prefer to say 
nothing, it may be the best course." Mr. Carrell wrote: "His case 
as presented in the Journal is all one sided. I was inclined to take 
it personally at first, but see no use and he has a big advantage under 
the official heading." 

The correspondence selected for publication were mainly those 
parts favorable to the President. The chairman retains a complete 
file of the correspondence, all of which was sent from time to time 
to the committee for perusal in order that they might be kept 
fully informed. 

The controversy rose out of the status of ownership of the Mo- 
tioft Picture Fund, and then switched to two motions before the Ex- 
ecutive Committee, both providing for a representative of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee to be on the Motion Picture Fund Committee. 

One motion by Mr. Roberts, duly seconded by Mr. Gibson, was: 
"I move that the Executive Committee officially recognize the five 
members elected at Colorado Springs by the State Treasurers of the 
Motion Picture Fund as a Committee to manage that fund, and 
that it shall be authorized to expend, with the approval of the 
President of the N. A. D., the money of this fund, and that the 
Committee shall be required to report from time to time, its actions 
to the President." 

The second by Mr. Allabough and seconded by Mr. Regensburg 
was: "I move that the Executive Committee of the N. A. D. do 
recognize and approve of the Motion Picture Fund Committee se- 
lected by the State Treasurers at Colorado Springs, and further 
that the President of this association be ex-officio member of the 
Committee to represent the Executive Committee." 

The President has made it appear that this Committee from its 
opposition to Mr. Roberts' motion, and its approval of the other, 
declined to concede the right of the Executive Committee to manage 
this fund. In reality, the opposition was over the phrasing of Mr. 
Roberts' motion, which might be interpreted to confer unlimited 
authority upon the President and make it possible for one man to 
override the unanimous decisions of the Committee on contracts and 
in the selection of subjects for film lectures. 

Mr. Gibson has since explained that, when seconding the mo- 
tion, his understanding was that the President's approval was limit- 
ed to countersigning of vouchers recommended for payment by the M. 
P. committee in order to make such payments legal, as in the N. 
* . S. D., and that he was as much opposed as those who voted 
against the motion to confer unlimited veto power upon the Presi- 
dent. Had Mr. Roberts' motion been worded as Mr. Gibson under- 
stood it, it would have received the Committee's unanimous sup- 
port and there would have been no controversy. 

«5t„«^ hen the * P T ident put Mr - Roberts' motion to a vote, the 
situation was further aggravated when the protested votes of two 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 155 

members of the Executive Committee who were in arrears were 
counted in by the President after Treasurer Freeman had notified 
him that they were not in good standing. These two votes enabled 
the motion to pass by a vote of five to four. 

Believing we had been unfairly dealt with and our motives mis- 
understood we resigned in a body. We withdrew our resignation nine 
months later upon the urgent pleadings of the President, on a prom- 
ise to work with us. We felt a moral obligation resting upon us 
and decided to remain and finish our work. 

The point we wish to make clear is that it is not true we op- 
posed the N. A. D.'s right of ownership over the Fund. Our sup- 
port of Rev. Allabough's motion to recognize the President as the 
representative of the Executive Committee is sufficient refutation. 



EXPENSE ACCOUNT OF OLOF HANSON, PRESIDENT. 

Statement No. 1. 

From August 26, 1910, to August 31, 1911. 

Carbon and manifolding, and correspondence paper $ 2.35 

Letterheads, President and Executive Committee 7.25 

Postage 10.24 

Telegrams, Rothert, Gov. Aldrich, Tilton 2.00 

Typewriting and copying 1.30 

Account book .'- .40 

Printing circulars and application blanks 6.50 

Circular of Information No. 6, paper $2.00, make-up 
and use of press $4.50 (press-work worth $5.00 

donated by O. Hanson) 6.50 

Typesetting 50c, paper 50c (make-up and press-work 

worth $4.00 donated by Ernest Swangren) 1.00 

Total $37.54 

Nov. 11, 1911, Received from Treasurer Freeman $37.54 

(Recorded in Journal, Jan. 25, 1912.) 



Statement No. 2. 

Oct. 18, 1911, By cash from Treasurer Freeman $25.00 

Sept. 8, 1911, Carbon paper $ -25 

Oct. 9, 1911, Stamps 2.00 

Jan. 12, 1912, To 500 large envelopes, printed 

Root & Christenson 2.75 

Jan. 17, Stamps 1-00 

Feb. 12, 1912, Carbon paper and manifold paper 1.00 

Feb. 24, 1912, Stamps 1-50 

Mch. 8, 1912, List of names by states, R. & C 4.60 

Mch. 8, 1912, I M Envelopes, printed R. & C 3.25 

Mch. 22, 1912, 1 M copies Circular No. 7. R. & C. 7.00 

Mch. 28, 1912, Stamps 1-00 

Apr. 2, 1912, Rubber stamp 95 



156 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Apr. 10, 1912, Stamps 2.00 

May 4, 1912, I M small envelopes, printed R. & C 3.00 

May 13, 1912, Hartford circular 1.25 

May 20-31, 1912, Stamps 5.00 

Carbon paper 50 

By cash Mississippi donation 10.00 

By cash Isaac Goldberg 5.00 

To balance on hand June 1, 1912 2.95 

Total $40.00 $40.00 

(Journal, June 27, 1912.) 



Statement No. 3. 

From June 1 to December 31, 1912. 

June 1, 1912, Balance on hand $ 2.95 

June 20, 1912, By cash from Treasurer Freeman 25.00 

Aug. 7, 1912, By cash from Treasurer Freeman 75.00 

Expenditures condensed : 

Manifold paper and carbons $ 2.30 

Stamps and post cards 7.50 

Printing 2 M Application blanks 7.00 

Printing 1 M Letter heads 3.00 

Printing 250 Circulars No. 8 1.25 

Printing 500 Envelopes, Axling @ Neb 2.25 

Printing 200 Circulars, Axling @ Neb 1.75 

Printing 500 Circulars, Axling @ Neb 2.75 

Printing 500 copies Nebraska Law 1.50 

Telegram, Columbus Frat Convention 1.00 

Scrap book 75 

Typewriter 60.00 

Refund @ typewriter 15.00 

By balance advanced 3.10 



Total $106.05 $106.05 

(Journal, June 23, 1913.) 



Statement No. 4. 

From Jan. 1, 1913, to July 17, 1913. 

(Not including expenses of Nebraska fight which will be reported 
separately.) 

Jan. 17, 1913, By check from Treasurer Freeman $25.00> 

Jan. 1, 1913, To balance advanced $ 3.10 

Jan. 4, 1913, To stamps 1.00 

Jan. 31, 1913, Manifold paper and second sheets ""."" L00 

Typewriter ribbon 75 

Feb. 13, 1913, To stamps '. i'oo 

Feb. 27, 1913, To stamps 2*00 

Mch. 29, 1913, Telegram to Allabough ... 100 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 157 

Apr. 11, 1913, To stamps 1.20 

To carbons 50 

May 7, To 500 letter heads printed R. & C 2.25 

May 8, 1913, Paper 50 

May 17, 1913, Second sheets .50 

May 20, 1913, To stamps 1.50 

Mch. 21, 1913, To 1 M Envelopes printed R. & C. . 3.00 

June 12 and 26, 1912, To Stamps 2.00 

July 8, 1913, Stamps for mailing proxies 5.00 

July 12, 1913, Copying Treasurer's report and 

addresses, etc 50 

July 16, 1913, To Stamps 1.00 

July 17, 1913, To carbons 50 

By balance advanced 3.30 



Total $28.30 $28.30 

(Journal, Aug. 17, 1913.) 



Statement No. 5. 

From July 17, 1913, to Aug. 14, 1913. 

July 18, 1913, To balance advanced $ 3.30 

Aug. 4, 1913, Telegram to Mr. Ayers 1.00 

Aug. 6, 1913, Foolscap paper and library paste 50 

Aug. 8, 1913, By check from Treasurer Freeman .... $25.00 

To printing 1500 Envelopes, 1500 proxy 

blanks, 750 circulars 15.00 

Aug. 14, 1913, To printing 1,000 proxy ballot blanks.. 2.00 

Balance on hand 3.20 



Total $25.00 $25.00 



Nebraska Campaign. 

Receipts. 

Jan. 11, 1913, From P. L. Axling $ 40.00 

Jan. 23, 1913, From S. M. Freeman 100.00 

By cash 5.00 

Feb. 10, 1913, by cash _ 1.00 

From C. Thompson 25.00 

Feb. 13, 1913, From A Sympathizer, per O. H. R 5.00 

Feb. 17, 1913, From Seattle Deaf, per Axling _ 11.00 

From P. S. A. D 15.00 

By check from Freeman 22.40 

Mar. 8, 1913, By check from Axling 20.00 

By check from Oren Riddle 3.30 

Feb. 21, 1913, From Henry Gross 6.00 

Feb. 20, 1913, From C. L. Bishop 5.00 

Mch. 15, From C. L. Washburn 5.00 

Mch. 22, 1913, From Jay C. Howard 5.00 

Aug. 11, 1913, From P. L. Axling 14.38 

Total $283.08 



158 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Expenditures. 

May 15, 1912, Paid P. L. Axling for postage $ 2.00 

Jan. 13, 1913, Telegram from L. M. Hunt 1.00 

Subs, for 2 mos. to Omaha Bee, Herald, and Neb. 

State Journal 3.00 

Jan. 20 to Mch. 25, To L. M. Hunt for expenses 189.65 

Jan. 24 to Msh. 4, 1913, Printing 1 M Circ. No. 9, 500 
Circ. No. 10, 500 envelopes, less donation Root 

& Chris 45.00 

Printing 500 Circ. No. 12, letter to Nebraska Parents 

Less donation Root & Chris 5.00 

Mch. 30, 1913, Stamps 4.00 

Mch. 31, 1913, Draft and Registered letter 20 

Mch. 1, 1913, 300 Circulars No. 12 2.50 

June 25, 1913, Refund to S. M. Freeman @ Washburn, 

and Mr. and Mrs. Thompson 3.00 

Aug. 14, 1913, To sending Observer to 24 persons during 

Nebraska campaign @ 25c 6.00 

2 M 2nd Edition Circular No. 9, 1 M Manilla en- 
velopes, $54.50. Of this $32.77 is charged to 
Publicity Fund. Balance to Nebraska Fight 21.73 



Total $283.08 



Publicity Fund. 

Receipts from Superintendents and friends..$115.50 
Expenses, acct. Circular No. 9, as above 32.77 

Balance on hand $ 72.73 



LETTER FROM MR. CORSON. 

127 Oxford St., Hartford, Conn., 
January 31st, 1914. 
MR. OLOF HANSON, 

4747, 16th Ave., N. E., 
Seattle, Wash. 
Dear Sir: 

I have to inform you that at a meeting of the Officers and Di- 
rectors of the American School at Hartford for the Deaf, held on 
January 30th, last, the matter brought up in your letter of June 27th 
was considered. The Board was very appreciative of the purpose of 
your Association to place the Gallaudet Monument in the state of re- 
pair and wishes to express its thanks to your Association for 
your proposed action. 

m wl? !£ *® ^Kon^y answer the several questions which you 
submit, the Board passed the following vote- 

CallZS M^lf°f% n0t a PP rove <* any proposal to remove the 
™1™ ^ ff k £ 0I V^ e g roun ds of the institution but will 
welcome the offer by the National Association for the Deaf for the 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 159 

repair of the Monument, and the Board will agree to assume re- 
sponsibility for further repairs and maintenance of said Monument." 
I shall be glad to learn whether your Association has taken final 
action in this matter. 

Very truly yours, 

W. R. C. CORSON, 

Secretary. 

REPORT OF THE LOCAL COMMITTEE. 
MR. JAY COOKE HOWARD, President, 

National Association of the Deaf, 
Duluth, Minn. 
Dear Sir: 

The Local Committee has during the last two years conformed 
to the official instructions describing the duties of the committee. It 
respectfully submits herewith the report of the Tenth Tri-ennial 
Convention of the National Association of the Deaf, in Cleveland, 
Ohio, during the week of August 20-27, 1913. 

In accordance with the instructions of the former president, Mr. 
Olof Hanson, your committee has carried out all arrangements. A 
brief history of the local committee may not be out of place here. 

The original official instructions as furnished to the committee 
will be given here for the purpose of pointing out the details of our 
work, which we have been called upon to explain: 

(OFFICIAL) 
"INSTRUCTIONS TO THE LOCAL COMMITTEE, SEATTLE, 

AUG. 21, 1912. 

Mrs. Laura McDill Bates, Chairman, 

Mr. B. R. Allabough, Advisory Chairman, 

Kreigh B. Ayers, Vice Chairman, and Members of the Local 
Committee, N. A. D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: — Allow me to congratulate you on the 
way you have started out on your work. I am sorry Mrs. Bates 
will not be able to stay and direct the work in person, but with the 
committee assignments made, and the characteristic Ohio way of 
doing things, I am confident that you will make good arrangements 
for the Convention. 

I do not expect the Local Committee to make extraordinary ef- 
forts to entertain the convention. Below I will state what is ex- 
pected of the Committee: 

1. Arrange for a hall for meetings and committee rooms. 

2. Arrange for place to hold industrial exhibit. 

3. Hotel headquarters and lodging houses. 

4. Membership badges, to be paid for by members joining. 

5. Official photographer. No royalty, but price of photos to 
be as low as good work will allow. 

6. A picnic or excursion, preferably all day. 

7. Transportation; reduced fares if possible. 



160 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

8. Advertise the Convention and arrange for reporters. 

9. Print programme, with advertisements. 

10. Finance the Convention as above outlined. 

A reception at the beginning of the convention is desirable to 
enable the members to get acquainted. A banquet may be ananged 
for, but it is not necessary. Other entertainments may be provid- 
ed if the Committee so desires, but should be informal, so visitors 
may attend or not as they prefer, and should be arranged so as not 
to interfere with the business of the convention. I prefer to make 
this a business convention, and entertainmets secondary. All the 
evenings must not be filled with outside attractions, but at least two 
or three left for business. 

According to the Constitution and By-Laws as adopted at Nor- 
folk, contracts outside of entertainments are subject to the approval 
of the president. This means that contracts for badges, photographs, 
and printing programme should be submitted to me before closing. 
Rev. Mr. Allabough has had so much experience in convention work 
that I shall be content to leave a good deal to his discretion. In the mat- 
ter of local entertainments, the Local Committee has a free hand in 
making contracts and expenditures. 

In accordance with the precedent at Colorado Springs, and to avoid 
disputes that have arisen at past conventions, it should be understood 
that money collected in the name of the N. A. D., and not used for 
the Convention becomes the property of the N. A. D. The Norfolk 
Committee had a surplus, which was used to print the proceedings. 
The Colorado Springs Committee had a surplus, which was placed 
in the Endowment Fund. 

In producing badges, it would be well to have a place for a 
small card where members can write their name and State. Where 
so many strangers meet, this would help to get acquainted. 

Yours very truly, 

OLOF HANSON." 

At the beginning of the Local Committee's organization, Mrs. 
Elmer E. Bates was the chairman; Rev. Mr. B. R. Allabough, the 
advisory chairman; Mr. Kreigh B. Ayers, vice-chairman; Mr. C. R. 
Neillie, secretary and treasurer; Mr. David Friedman, finance; Mr. 
Harry A. McCann, publicity; Mr. F. C. Krull, industry; Mr. John 
Miller, reception; Mrs. D. Friedman, decorations; Mr. F. C. Ross, 
entertainments; Mrs. William Kleinhaus, representing the Ladies Aid 
Societies; Mr. Thomas McGinness, representing the Roman Cath- 
olic Deaf; Mr. Herman Koelle, Jr., representing the National Fra- 
ternal Society of the Deaf; Mr. E. R. Carroll, meeting places of 
committees; Mrs. F. C. Krull and Miss Helena Froehlich, members 
of committee with no specified duties. 

At this time, the organization was imperfect on account of the 
absence of Mrs. E. E. Bates, the chairman, who had left Cleveland 
to teach school in Iowa. In the meanwhile, the committee carried 
out the plans as proposed and they did so to the satisfaction of all 
concerned. 

a*™™ o^y, <I uesti on that was bothering us at that time was 
MUJN&Y which was needed to carry out the plans. Otherwise our 
work was going on very satisfactorily. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 161 

At one of the Local Committee's meetings, before the change 
of the chairmanship was made, Mr. Friedman, as chairman of the 
Finance Committee, suggested that we pay the deaf who collected 
money from the business firms in Cleveland for the Convention 
Fund a commission at the rate of twenty (20) per cent. The idea 
as embodied in the commission plan, was to encourage these collect- 
ors to go hard at the collecting. There being seventy-two (72) dif- 
ferent conventions booked in Cleveland, it was extremely difficult 
to collect the money. On a commission basis, the more the collectors 
could earn for themselves, the more there was to turn in the Con- 
vention Fund. The results of this commission basis plan were so sat- 
isfactory that we decided to let this go into ellect all the summer 
whereby the Convention Fund would grow and at the same time give 
a collector something to realize for himself. The commission was 
offered only to those who collected the money from the business firms 
in Cleveland, and they were not to accept any commissions from 
the money sent them from the deaf in this country. 

Later on in its organization, Mr. Olof Hanson, the president, ef- 
fected the change in chairmanship, making Mrs. Bates the honorary 
chairman, and Mr. Ayers the chairman. The change was made be- 
cause of her absence from Cleveland and some one was needed to 
have the proper authority to make contracts for the local enter- 
tainments. 

The Local Committee was ably assisted in its work among the 
deaf in the State of Ohio through the State Committee headed by 
Mr. Louis Bacheberle, of Cincinnati, Ohio, with a strong bunch in 
Columbus, composed of the school teachers there. 

We are indebted to Miss Cloa Lamson for her successful cam- 
paign in Columbus, Ohio. 

The State Committee raised their money mostly through socials, 
lectures and the like, and it is not out of place here to state that they 
had a novel way of raising the coin. They were each equipped with 
50 slips of "penny-holders" each representing a foot of pennies (16 
to a foot) and each slip reading "Wanted: A Mile of Pennies. For 
the benefit of N. A. D. Convention." We realized nearly $90.00 out 
of this stunt. If a mile of pennies had been realized, we would have 
earned $844.80. 

The advertisements in the programme were solicited by Mr. 
Ayers alone during the summer months when he was away from his 
place of employment. There was a total income of $406.00 from the 
advertisers in this programme, ($362.00 paid to date) and an ex- 
pense of $296.43 was made, leaving a balance of $94.97. A part oi 
this balance is sent with this report because several of these adver- 
tisement spaces have not been paid for, and as soon as opportunity 
offers, we will collect them. 

On July 1st, 1913, Mr. Ayers left his place of employment and 
spent all of his time on the convention arrangements He depend- 
ed on his commissions to pay for his living expenses In the months 
of July and August, the amount of work on his hands was such that 
he could not earn his commissions very well, and the Local Com- 
mittee voted him an increase in his commission rate to thirty (<wi 
per cent., instead of a fixed salary as was first suggested. He col- 
lected for his commissions only from business firms and through 
the advertisers in the programme. 



162 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

On account of the large surplus in the hands of the Local Com- 
mittee, we voted to turn over a draft of five hundred ($500.00) dol- 
lars to the Endowment Fund and turn the balance of our money in- 
to the Treasury of the N. A. D., in order to assist the Association 
in its pure-oralism fight or to help defray the cost of printing the 
convention proceedings as the Executive Committee may see fit. 

Herewith a summary of receipts and expenditures is appended: 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash collected from Cleveland Business firms: 

By Rev. Mr. B. R. Allabough „ $ 7.00 

By Mr. Harry McCann 12.00 

By Mrs. David Friedman 218.50 

By Mr. John Miller 10.00 

By Herman Koelle, Jr 303.00 

Br Mr. K. B. Ayers, before July 1st 90.00 

By Mr. K. B. Ayers 398.00 



Total cash collected in Cleveland $1,038.50 

Cash collected from sale of banquet tickets $ 264.00 

Cash donated from Cleveland Association of Deaf 122.07 

Cash received from Ohio State Committee 120.89 

Cash from "Penny-holders" 82.94 

Cash balance from programme advertising (partial) 65.57 

Cash received at Eastland gate 53.50 

Cash donated by Cleveland Div. No. 21 N. F. S. D 50.00 

Cash donated by Piqua, Ohio, Branch N. A. D 20.00 

Cash from Local Committee's Supper Social 15.12 

Cash donated by Canton, Ohio, deaf 12.40 

Cash donated by Columbus Advance Society 10.00 

Cash donated by Columbus N. F. S. D. No. 18 7.00 

Cash by lecture, Mr. R. P. McGregor 6.00 

Cash donated by K. B. Ayers 5.00 

Cash donated by Marion Griffen 5.00 

Cash donated by Miss Kate Schmall 5.00 

Cash from interest on money in bank 4.57 

Cash from lecture by Mr. Allabough 3.80 

Cash from balance of moving picture receipts _ 3.50 

Cash from sale Gallaudet stickers 3.10 

Cash donated by Mrs. D. Friedman .. 2^00 

Cash donated by Mr. B. R. Allabough . 1 40 

Cash donated by Mr. Robert Neilson ZZZZZZZZ.ZZZ. L60 

Cash donated by Ohioans in Chicago, 111 ZZZZZZZZ. 5^00 



Total Cash Receipts $1,907.96 



STATEMENT SHEET OF ADVERTISEMENTS IN PROGRAMME. 

Receipts 
Cash from advertisements to date $362.00 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 163 

Expenditures 

To printing programme $155.00 

To electrotypes 30.00 

To postage for collecting bills 2.58 

To 3 dozen large envelopes 25 

To commissions at 30 per cent 108.60 



Total $296.43 

Receipts $362.00 

Expenditures „ 296.43 



Balance carried up $ 65.57 

EXPENDITURES. 

To banquet at Hollenden Hotel $ 325.50 

To commissions as follows: 

Rev. Mr. B. R. Allabough $ 1.40 

Harry McCann 2.40 

Mrs. D. Friedman 41.70 

Mr. John Miller 2.00 

Mr. Herman Koelle, Jr 60.60 

Mr. K. B. Ayers, before July 1st 18.00 

Mr. K. B. Ayers, after July 1st 119.40 



To total commissions $ 245.50 

To Eastland Navigation Co 200.00 

To official membership badges _ 70.00 

To reception at Hollenden Hotel 60.00 

To postage - 35.84 

To Gallaudet stickers 35.44 

To menu cards and tickets 40.25 

To lease Gray's Armory 25.00 

To typewriter rentals 20.00 

To prizes at picnic 25.24 

To stationery and office supplies 25.10 

To "penny-holders" - 18.50 

To expressage and cartage 15.34 

To photograph engraving work — - 12.50 

To Official Stenographers service 10.80 

To Cloth Display signs 7.25 

To Harry McCann for Publicity expenses 6.89 

To telegrams 6 -80 

To auto hire (To Rockefeller's Estate) 5.95 

To compensate Mr. Henley of Hollenden Hotel 10.00 

To finance "German Supper" (loan) 5.00 

To one base ball 1-25 

To Mr. Miller for "Housing Committee" car fares .50 

To car fares for telegram messenger boys .30 

To 3 months sub. Deaf-Mutes' Journal •25 

To "unaccountable" items 6 - 60 

Grand expenditures $1,215.80 



164 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Recapitulation 

Total Receipts $1,907.96 

Total Expenditures $1,215.80 

Grand Balance $ 692.16 

Draft for $500.00 mailed to Mr. Geo. Veditz, Jan. 15, 1914. 
Draft for $192.16 mailed to Mr. Harley Drake, Jan. 15, 1914. 

Respectfully yours, 
K. B. AYERS, 

Chairman. 
Looked over by Lawrence Gardner, Chamber of Commerce, 
Cleveland, O., Jan. 23, 1914. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 165 



Articles of Incorporation 



Title. 

The title by which this Society shall be known in law shall be 
The National Association of the Deaf. 

Term. 

The term for which this incorporation shall continue shall be 
twenty-five years. (From 1900.) 

Objects. 

The objects of this Society shall be (a) the improvement, de- 
velopment and extension of Schools for the Deaf throughout the 
world, and especially in the United States — the members of this So- 
ciety being nearly all graduates of such schools; (b) the intellectual, 
professional and industrial improvement and the social enjoyment 
of the members through (c) correspondence, consultation, the form- 
ing of branch societies, and the holding of national conventions at 
such times and places as may be appointed by the officers and man- 
agers in accordance with the By-Laws of the Society. 

(The Association was incorporated February 23rd, 1900, in ac- 
cordance with Chapter XV, Section 28, et seq. of the Compiled Sta- 
tutes in Force in the District of Columbia.) 



By-Laws 



(Adopted at the St. Paul Convention in 1899; amended at the 
St. Louis Convention in 1904; at the Norfolk Convention in 1907; 
at the Colorado Convention in 1910; and at the Cleveland Convention 
in 1913. Codified and corrected by authority of the Cleveland Con- 
vention.) 

ARTICLE I. Membership. 

Sec. 1. Regular Members. Any deaf citizen of the United 
States may become a member of this Association upon the payment 
of the initiation fee; and may remain as such upon the payment of 
the annual membership due. 

Sec. 2. Honorary Members. Hearing persons interested in the 
Association may be elected honorary members by a two-thirds vote 
at any meeting of the Association. Honorary Members shall have 
all the privileges of the Association excej5t"*nolding office and voting; 
thej_shall not be subject to the dues of the Association. Honorary 
membership shall extend only from the convention at which the 
election is made until the opening of the next convention, unless 



166 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

otherwise expressly provided. (Subject to ratification at next con- 
vention.) 

Sec. 3. Associate Members. Deaf persons who are not citi- 
zens of the United States, and hearing persons actively interested 
in the work of the Association may be elected associate members 
at any meeting by a two-thirds vote, or between conventions by a 
two-thirds vote of the Executive Board. Associate members 
shall have the same privileges and duties as regular members. (Sub- 
ject to ratification at next convention.) 

ARTICLE II. Officers. 

Sec. 1. The officers of the Association shall be a president; a 
first vice-president; a second vice-president; a secretary; a treas- 
urer; and an executive board. 

Sec. 2. The officers of the Association shall be elected by mail, 
by a majority vote of all duly qualified members voting, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 3. The officers thus elected shall assume their respective 
offices immediately after the adjournment of the convention following 
their election. 

ARTICLE III. Duties of Officers. 

Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the President of the Association 
to preside at its meetings in national convention, and to appoint com- 
mittees of five members, respectively, on Enrollment, on Resolutions, 
and such other committees as may be provided for in these By- 
Laws, and to perform other duties that are mentioned elsewhere in 
the By-Laws. 

Sec. 2. The First Vice-President and the Second Vice-President 
in order shall fill the office of the President when the latter is un- 
able to discharge the duties of his office. 

Sec. 3. The Secretary shall record the minutes of all meetings 
of the Association. He shall keep a list of the members of the As- 
sociation, giving the full name together with the postoffice address. 
He shall have charge of all documents, etc., except those of the 
Treasurer, and except those otherwise ordered by the Executive 
Board. 

Sec. 4. The Treasurer shall receive all moneys belonging to the 
Association, except as otherwise provided in the By-Laws. He shall 
keep a record of the receipts and expenditures made into and out of 
the general fund, and shall make a report of the state of the finances 
under his charge whenever called upon to do so by the Association. 
He shall preserve all vouchers. He- shall send notices of their dues; 
to members annually on +He-. first day of May. He shall give bond 
in such sum as the Ex,ec /e Board nmy decide upon. 

ARTICLE I\. National Executive Board. 

t> ^ e \ 1 '. T £ e Nationa l Executive Boaru shall consist of the 
President of the Association, who shall be, ex-officio, chairman, the 
two Vice-Presidents, the Secretary, the Treasurer, and two addition- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 167 

al members to be elected by the Association, making a Board of seven 
members. No state shall have more than one representative on the 
Executive Board. 

(Note. This section goes into effect after the Officers and Board 
have been elected by mail vote. Meanwhile the old arrangement of 
the Executive Committee of nine members appointed by the Pres- 
ident remains in force.) 

Sec. 2. The Executive Board shall have general conduct of 
the affairs of the Association from the time of its election and in- 
stallation until the election and installation of its successors. It 
shall aim to carry out the expressed will of the Association as far as 
circumstances may render it wise and allowable. It shall have pow- 
er to appropriate any available funds of the Association for purposes 
tending to promote its welfare. No expenditure not directly author- 
ized by the Association in convention shall be made without the con- 
sent of the Executive Board. It shall turn over to its successors 
all papers, documents, etc., it may have belonging to the Association. 

ARTICLE V. National Conventions. 

Sec. 1. The Association shall meet in national convention three 
years after the adjournment of each convention, unless circum- 
stances call for an earlier meeting or a postponement, as the Ex- 
ecutive Board by a two-thirds vote may decide. 

Sec. 2. The place for holding each succeeding convention shall 
be decided by the Executive Board and announced at least three 
months in advance. 

Sec. 3. The president shall then issue an official call for such 
convention. 

ARTICLE VI. Mail Vote for Officers. 

Sec. 1. On the first Tuesday of February preceding the na- 
tional convention, the Secretary shall mail to the last known address 
of each duly qualified member of the Association a printed nominat- 
ing ballot blank, to be so designated. The ballot shall name the of- 
ficers to be elected and shall be returnable within thirty lays of date 
of issue, and shall contain full instructions for the guidance of vot- 
ers. No voter shall nominate more than one representative from any 
one state on his ballot. No one except the Secretary and his clerk 
or assistant shall have any knowledge of how any member voted on 
his nominating ballot until said ballots shall be turned over to a com- 
mittee of examiners to be appointed at the ensuing convention. 

Sec. 2. On receiving and counting the nominating ballots, the 
Secretary shall ascertain by mail within the ensuing thirty days, 
that is, within sixty days after the second Tuesday of February, 
who among the five candidates for each office receiving the highest 
number of votes, or who among the total number of candidates, pro- 
vided there are less than five nominated for any office, are willing to 
stand for election, informing each candidate of the number of votes 
cast for him and for each of the nominees for all offices of the As- 
sociation. 

Sec. 3. On receiving authority to announce the various successful 
nominations, the secretary shall within seventy days of the second Tues- 
day in February, mail printed election ballots, to be so designated, 
to all duly qualified members of the Association, making them re- 



168 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

turnable within thirty days of date of issue, that is, within one hun- 
dred days after the second Tuesday in February. The names and 
residences of all candidates to be voted for shall be printed on the 
ballots, and at the beginning of each line on which the name of a can- 
didate is printed, a square shall be printed. The ballot shall con- 
tain full instructions for the guidance of the voters as to the man- 
ner of marking them. No ballot shall be given out except as above. 
No name shall appear on a ballot for more than one office. No vot- 
er shall vote for more than one candidate on his ballot from any one 
state. 

Sec. 4. Within thirty days of the date of the election ballots, 
that is, within one hundred days after the second Tuesday of Febru- 
ary, the Secretary shall count all votes received by him that are 
legibly signed in ink and properly dated by the members of the As- 
sociation entitled to cast the same, and shall immediately furnish 
to the official organ and to other leading papers for the deaf a re- 
port of the officers elected as shown on the face of the returns, pro- 
vided that no state shall have more than one representative among 
the successful candidates. 

Sec. 5. After counting the nominating and election ballots the 
Secretary shall carefully preserve same and shall deliver them un- 
der seal, either personally or by registered mail or express, to the 
President of the Association on the opening day of the ensuing con- 
vention, before the opening session has been called to order, who shall 
hand them in the unbroken package or packages to the Chairman of 
the Committee of Examiners immediately after said committee has 
been elected. 

Sec. 6. The opening, counting and recording of election bal- 
lots shall take place at a specified place and hour and shall be an- 
nounced by the Secretary on the printed ballots blanks, mailed to 
each member, and each candidate shall have the right to be present 
in person or by an accredited representative to witness the opening, 
counting, and recording of all ballots. Each candidate shall be 
furnished a report of the result of the election. 

Sec. 7. No vote shall be counted except it be cast upon the of- 
ficial ballot. No ballot shall be counted that is in any way chang- 
ed or tampered with, or has anything pasted on it. No change may 
be made on a ballot once cast, even by the member casting such bal- 
lot. 

Sec. 8. The Committee of Examiners shall consist of three 
members to be elected at each convention of the Association, no 
member of said Committee to be either an officer of the Association 
or one of the candidates for office. 

Sec. 9. On receiving the official ballots, both nominating and 
election, the Committee of Examiners, assisted by the Secretary, if 
he be in attendance, shall carefully verify the work of said Secre- 
tary in connection with said ballots, shall certify in writing to the 
election of the successful candidates, and shall report its findings 
to the Convention. 

Sec. 10. In case of a tie vote between two or more candidates, 
the members present at the convention shall elect their choice from 
the candidates that are a tie, a majority to be decisive. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP THE DEAF 169 

ARTICLE VII. Membership Fees and Dues. 

Sec. 1. The initiation fee for this Association shall be one 
dollar for each member. 

Sec. 2. The anneal membership dues shall be fifty cents for 
each member, payable on or before June 1st. 

Sec. 3. The fiscal year of the Association shall begin on the 
first of June. 

Sec. 4. No person shall vote on the permanent organization of 
the Convention of this Association who has not first paid his initiation 
fee, or who is in arrears. 

ARTICLE VIII. Care of Funds. Trustees. 

Sec. 1. Three Trustees shall be elected custodians of all trust 
funds and special moneys belonging to the Association, except as 
otherwise specified in the By-Laws. Each Trustee is to serve three 
consecutive terms, and they are to be elected one at each convention. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Trustees to have charge of the 
Endowment Fund and bequests. The Trustees shall keep the funds 
in their charge in sound financial institutions at interest; and no 
money from any of these funds shall be drawn out, expended or in- 
vested except on the order of the Executive Board. 

Sec. 3. The Trustees shall report to the convention in the same 
manner as the Treasurer. 

ARTICLE IX. Expenditures Limited. 

Sec. 1. The highest amount of indebtedness or liability to which 
the Association shall at any time be subject, shall not exceed the 
regular income from membership fees and dues for that year, and 
under no circumstances shall the officers of one term incur indebted- 
ness that must be met by any succeeding administration. 

ARTICLE X. Special Committees. 

Sec. 1. The President of the Association, the Executive Board 
or a majority thereof concurring, shall have power, as legitimate 
occasion may arise, to create special committees and authorize them 
to collect, in such manner as may seem advisable, necessary funds, 
which may be used for special purposes upon the order of the Pres- 
ident. Faithful account of all such special receipts and disburse- 
ments must be kept by all such committees and report submitted to 
the convention. 

ARTICLE XL The Local Committee. 

Sec. 1. At least three months before the time for holding each 
National Convention the President shall appoint a Local Committee, 
not necessarily members of the Association, residing in the locality 
where the Convention is to be held, and this Local Committee shall 
make the best possible arrangements for the reception and enter- 
tainment of the members of the Association. 

Sec. 2. The Chairman of the Executive Board shall be ex-of- 
ficio a member of the Local Committee. The Local Committee shall 
not enter into contracts involving expenditures or concessions not di- 
rectly concerned with the reception and entertainment of members 
and guests of the convention without first submitting the bids for 



170 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

said cotracts to the Chairman of the Executive Board, as its repre- 
sentative, for approval; withholding of said approval being equiva- 
lent to the rejection of said bids. In case of an appeal to the Ex. 
ecutive Board, the decision of that body shall be final. 

ARTICLE XII. Program Committee. 

At least three months before the time for holding each Nation- 
al Convention, the Chairman of the Executive Board shall also ap- 
point three members, including the President of the Association, who 
shall be Chairman of the Committee, to prepare a program for the 
Convention, which shall be published at least one month in advance. 

ARTICLE XIII. Branches. 

(The articles of incorporation authorize the formation of 
branches, but there is nothing in the By-Laws defining the organiza- 
tion of branches. This is an omission that should be supplied at the 
next convention.) 

ARTICLE XIV. Official Seal 

Sec. 1. The official seal of the Association shall be as describ- 
ed below: 

A milled outer circle; just within and following this the words, 
"National Association of the Deaf;" within this a smaller dotted cir- 
cle; within and following this the word, "Incorporated," and the 
date, "1900;" in the center of the whole the letters, "U. S. A." (This 
is a temporary seal.) 

ARTICLE XV. 

The president of the Association shall open the proceedings of 
each National Convention by calling the meeting to order, and read- 
ing the official call. In the absence of the President, this duty shall 
devolve upon the first and second Vice-Presidents in succession. 

ARTICLE XVI. Amendments. 

Sec. 1. A motion to amend these By-Laws shall be submitted 
in writing to the President, and published by him in the leading 
newspapers for the deaf for at least sixty days before the meeting 
of the Association in National Convention, and then such amend- 
ment shall require a two-thirds vote, a qorum voting, for its adoption. 

Sec. 2. These By-Laws may be amended at any regular Con- 
vention by a four-fifths vote, without previous notice. 

THOMAS FRANCIS FOX, 
JAMES M. STEWART, 
OLOF HANSON, 

Committee on Codification. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 171 

Membership Roll, N. A. D. 



Members will confer a favor by notifying the Secretary of change 
of address. 



ALABAMA. 

Bell, A. M c|o C. F. Bell & Co., Birmingham 

Brenson, Mrs. Anna, c|o W. W. C. Burner, Florence 

Hoftsteater, H. McP „... School for Deaf, Talladega 

Johnson, W. S _... 122 Cherry St., Talladega 

McCandless, J. W Box 351, Talladega 

McFarlane, J. H _ School for Deaf, Talladega 

Robertson, J. M 219 South St., Talladega 

Williams, Smith, _ School for Deaf, Talladega 

ARIZONA. 

Stover, Fred H Tucson 

White, Henry C Tucson 

ARKANSAS. 

Eddy, J. Holbrooke School for Deaf, Little Rock 

Purdum, John E Pulaski Co., Jacksonville 

CALIFORNIA. 

Andrews, Mrs. A. M 1920 N. Broadway, Los Angeles 

Dees, Miss Edith Burlingame 

D'Estrella, T. H School for Deaf, Berkeley 

Howson, J. W 2915 Regent St., Berkeley 

Kiene, Arnold, Box 1011, Los Angeles 

Lewis, Norman V 2231 S. Vermont Ave., Los Angeles 

Neil, Miss Isabella C Los Angeles 

Palmer, Lee A Porterville 

Regensburg, O. H Box 23, Los Angeles 

Runde, W. S 62 Panoramic Way, Berkeley 

Selig, Isadore 57 Battery St., San Francisco 

Taylor, Miss Elizabeth 529 California Ave., Santa Monica 

Terry, Howard L 918 Seventh St., Santa Monica 

Terry, Mrs. Alice 918 Seventh St., Santa Monica 

Tilden, Douglas 2078 Franklin St., Oakland 

Waters, W. Lacy R. F. D. 1, Santa Barbara 

Williams, Leo C 2 Estrella Ave., Piedmont 

Wornstaff, Mrs. Laverna 1228 Ingraham St., Los Angeles 

COLORADO. 

Kent, Alfred L 3446 Clay St., Denver 

Meddings, Miss Elsie 422 Polk St., Pueblo 

Sabott, Joseph .„ c|o Colo. Bedding Co., Pueblo 

Veditz, G. W 414 N. Custer Ave., Colorado Springs 

Veditz, Mrs. G. W 414 N. Custer Ave., Colorado Springs 

Winemiller, John C 1112 N. Cedar St., Colorado Springs 

Young, Sadie School for Deaf and Blind, Colorado Springs 



172 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

CONNECTICUT. 
Parsons, R. Newton Hazardville 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Ballard, Grace A Gallaudet College, Washington 

Bernsdorff, E. E 322 E. Capitol St., Washington 

Creager, Chas. H Kendall Green, Washington 

Drake, Harley D Gallaudet College, Washington 

Drake, Mrs. Harley D Gallaudet College, Washington 

Draper, A. G Gallaudet College, Washington 

Eskin, J. B 17 L St., N. E., Washington 

Hotchkiss, J. B Gallaudet College, Washington 

Kipp, Minnie J Gallaudet College, Washington 

Marshall, Winfield .„ 405-5th St., N. E. Washington 

Merrill, Herbert C 1012 Ninth St., Washington 

Pilliod, Norbert Kendall School, Washington 

Stewart, Roy J 1008 Park Road, N. W., Washington 

GEORGIA. 

Corey, Mrs. M. M Cave Spring 

Freeman, S. M Cave Spring 

Jackson, Mrs. C. L 176 E. Georgia Ave., Atlanta 

Morris, S. A Cave Spring 

IOWA. 

Barrett, John W R. F. D. 2, Council Bluffs 

Barrett, Mrs. J. W R. F. D. 2, Council Bluffs 

Long, J. S 521 Fourth St., Council Bluffs 

Long, Mrs. J. Schuyler 521 Fourth St., Council Bluffs 

McCook, Matt Riceville 

McCook, Mrs. Matt Riceville 

Nelson, W. A 512 E. Pleasant St., Davenport 

Poshusta, Walter 322 W. Fourth St., Mason City 

Peterson, Elmer 1210 Locust St., Des Moines 

Whalen, Harry A 680 W. 15th St., Des Moines 

Wittner, I. J 521 Fourth St., Council Bluffs 

Zorbaugh, Conrad 1001 Madison Ave., Council Bluffs 

Zorbaugh, Mrs. Conrad 1001 Madison Ave., Council Bluffs 

ILLINOIS. 

Buell, Horace W., Jr 5940 Calumet Ave., Chicago 

Barrow, Washington, 137 La Salle St., c|o Fireman's Ins. Co., Chicago 

Criag, Ernest W 5415 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Cohen, Samuel c|o Y. M. C. A., Kedzie Ave. & Howard, Chicago 

Dougherty, Mrs. G. T 67 E. 60th St., Chicago 

Dougherty, Dr. Geo. T 67 E. 60th St., Chicago 

Flick, Rev. Geo 204 E. 55th St., Chicago 

Flick, Mrs. Amelia R 204 E. 55th St., Chicago 

Frank, Ben F 7 So. Market St., Chicago 

Freedman, Miss Stella 6153 Ellis Ave., Chicago 

Friday, Chas _ 554 e. 74th St., Chicago 

Gibson, F. P 606 Schiller Bldg., Chicago 

Hall, Ben E 1164 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

Hasenstab, Rev. P. J _ 3241 Forrest Ave., Chicago 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 173 

Hayes, William 48 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Hinch, Arthur W 329 N. Kedzie Ave., Chicago 

Howard, Sidney 1460 E. 57th St., Chicago 

Hyman, Fredo R 5050 Calumet Ave., Chicago 

Hyman, Gustavus 5405 Ingleside Ave., Chicago 

Johnson, F. A 4829 W. Lake St., Chicago 

Left, Mrs. H. S 5022 Grand Blvd., Chicago 

Leibenstein, Alfred J 4450 Vincennes Ave., Chicago 

Leiter, H. M 229 20th Ave., Maywood 

McNeice, Miss Nellie F _.... 339 N. Park Ave., Chicago 

Miller, Joseph 329 N. Kedzie Ave., Chicago 

Moeller, S. J., Rev. F. A „ 1080 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Newman, Isadore, 5852 Calumet Ave., Chicago 

Padrowsky, David 2134 Crystal Ave., Chicago 

Rowse, Edward M 5656 Calumet Ave, Chicago 

Russel, C D La Salle 

Schoneman, Fred W., Jr Manite 

Smith, Miss Vina 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 

Tanzar, Anton 4812 Forrestville Ave., Chicago 

Waterman, Jesse C. ._ 805 Bradley Pi., Chicago 

Watson, James 6239 Langley Ave., Chicago 

Williams, Miss Adela 1302 Cleveland Ave., Chicago 

Witts, Herman R 2209 Powell Ave., Chicago 

George, D. W 127 City Place, Jacksonville 

Walsh, Edward 2113 W. Lafayette Ave., Matoon 

INDIANA. 

Anderson, Harry C c|o Farmer's Trust Co., Indianapolis 

Archibald, Orson 1312 E. Ohio St., Indianapolis 

Berg, Albert School for Deaf, Indianapolis 

Bierhaus, Henry 3246 Central Ave., Indianapolis 

Boyd, John L Cambridge City 

Boyd, Mrs. John L Cambridge City 

Carmichael, Glenn Swayzee 

Henoch, Sol M La Porte 

Kinsley, Miss Ida B 1468 N. New Jersey Ave., Indianapolis 

Kriowitz, Miss Pearl Kendallville 

Mather, Earl M Richmond 

Mather, S. Ernest Spring Grove, Richmond 

Richards, Byron A Huntington 

Tong, Clyde S 1114 S. McClure St., Marion 

Weller, John, 1203 Spy Run Ave., Fort Wayne 

Weller, Mrs. John 1203 Spy Run Ave., Fort Wayne 

Whitmore, H. W 1406 Indiana Ave., La Porte 

Binkley, Robert 416 E. 25th St., Indianapolis 

KANSAS. 

Anderson, G. Walfrid Olathe 

Cartwright, J. H Olathe 

Dold, John J Olathe 

Garnett, Miss L. V „ Latham 

Hawkins, Miss Linnie Palco 

Hawkins, Lee Palco 

Hower, H. G Olathe 

Key, J. A Olathe 



174 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Little, Miss Lou H Lamed 

McGregor, Bessie B Olathe 

Meldrum, Katherine Olathe 

Ramsey, Chas. N Olathe 

Roberts, Arthur L Olathe 

Roberts, Mrs. A. L Olathe 

Rogers, D. S Olathe 

Sickel, H. G Leavenworth 

Taylor, Luther H Olathe 

Thurston, Walter Blue Hill 

Weber, John ._ Liebenthal 

Clements, Melvin Olathe 

Simpson, E. W R. F. D., Canton 

KENTUCKY. 

King, R. H Lexington 

Marcosson, Max N Danville 

Marcosson, Mrs. Max Danville 

Schoolfield, G. H School for Deaf, Danville 

LOUSIANA. 

Hauberg, Miss Margaret School for Deaf, Banton Rouge 

Tracy, H. L School for Deaf, Baton Rouge 

Sullivan, A. J 718 St. Ferdinand St., Baton Rouge 

Goodwin, James 718 St. Ferdinand St., Baton Rouge 

MAINE. 
Carlisle, Albert L 347 French St., Bangor 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Bigelow, Frank W 1242 Morton St., Mattapan 

Fan-man, H. M 18 Wayne St., Worcester 

Fairman, Mrs. C. A Worcester 

O'Rourke, John Box 11G, Haverhill 

Wood, Frederick W 109 Savin Hill Ave., Dorchester 

Wood, Mrs. Frederick W 109 Savin Hill Ave., Dorchester 

Morin, Philip 50 Linden St., Chicopee Falls 

MISSOURI. 

Barr, Louis 3026 Eads Ave., St. Louis 

Hunt, Lyman Koshkonong 

Clayton, A. C Fulton 

Clayton, Miss Callie Fulton 

Cloud, J. H 2606 Virginia Ave., St. Louis 

Corwin, W. R School for Deaf, Fulton 

Denton, Miss Ida M 4411 S. Main St., Kansas City 

Fleighmann, Miss Mary Fulton 

Grimmett, Dosia A School for Deaf, Fulton 

Gross, Henry School for Deaf, Fulton 

Hughes, Peter T School for Deaf, Fulton 

Johnson, Claude B Fulton 

Klegman, Mrs. Ida 4407 Washington Blvd., St. Louis 

Minor, Mrs. C. L 314 N. Spring St., Independence 

Roper, Anna M 2620 Clifton Ave., St. Louis 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 175 

Schaub, W. H 1973 A Semple Ave., St. Louis 

Shipman, E. O Fulton 

Steidmann, Miss Clara L 4110 N. 11th St., St. Louis 

Strong, W. M Fulton 

MINNESOTA. 

Bingham, Ernest 4325 Gilliat Ave., Duluth 

Bingham, Mrs. Ernest 4325 Gilliat Ave., Duluth 

Bowen, J. S. S 717 Delaware St., S. E., Minneapolis 

Bowen, Mrs. J. S. S 717 Delaware St., S E., Minneapolis 

Brown, Miss Carrie 1121 Douglas Ave., Minneapolis 

Cadwell, P. E 2733 Pleasant St., So., Minneapolis 

Early, J. W _ 2368 Ellis St., St. Paul 

Flanagan, Harvey 1814 Hillside Ave., Minneapolis 

Howard, J. C Duluth 

Jones, W. C 2123 Fremont Ave., Minneapolis 

Schroeder, Anton 2172 Carroll Ave., St. Paul 

Scott, Peter 2426 Portland Ave., Minneapolis 

Smith, J. L Faribault 

Spear, A. R 1426 Vine Place, Minneapolis 

Thompson, Chas 893 Lincoln Ave., St. Paul 

Thompson, Mrs. Chas 893 Lincoln Ave., St. Paul 

Tomlinson, D. E 3022 19th Ave., Minneapolis 

Torell, C E 19 11th St., So., Minneapolis 

Williams, W. S 3023 Newton Ave., N., Minneapolis 

Winston, B. L. Jr 929 Chicago Ave., Minneapolis 

Fandrem, Miss Petra F 207-211 Providence Bldg., Duluth 

Stafford, H. L 306 Wolvin Bldg., Duluth 

Round, B. F 410 N. 52nd Ave., W., Duluth 

Spence, V. R School for Deaf, Faribault 

Filiatrault, Joe 919 N. 56th Ave., W., Duluth 

Magnusson, Carl P Box 388, Two Harbors 

Graves, Charles W 412 N. 52nd Ave., Duluth 

Malley, Miss Bridget 3 N. 57th Ave., W., Duluth 

Ursin, Benjamin Melrose Hotel, Duluth 

Boyd, Miss Hazel 301 N. 71st Ave., W., Duluth 

Wieland, Miss Ella 307 E. 6th St., Duluth 

Round, Mrs. B. F 401 N. 52nd Ave., W., Duluth 

O'Leary, Stephen 28 W. 2nd St., Duluth 

Scroggie, Miss Grace Y. W. C. A., Duluth 

Swanson, Fred A 429 8th Ave., E., Duluth 

Hassler, Roy 4291/ 9 E. 4th St., Duluth 

MICHIGAN. 

Adams, Roy 180 Putnam Ave., Detroit 

Bristol, E. M 926 Root St., Flint 

Bristol, Mrs. E. M 926 Root St., Flint 

Clarke, W c|o Y. M. C. A., Grand Rapids 

Corey, Clarence A L. Box 724, Kalamazoo 

Demick, Miss Anna School for Deaf, Flint 

De Smit, Peter 1213 Jackson St., Kalamazoo 

Drake, Elmer Buick No. 11, Flint 

Eickhoff, Arlington J School for Deaf, Flint 

Eickhoff, Mrs. Anna L. — School for Deaf, Flint 



176 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Erd, Robert L 802 Beach St., Flint 

Erd, Mrs. M. W 802 Beach St., Flint 

Germer, Henry A 449 Theodore St., Detroit 

Germer, Mrs. Henry A 449 Theodore St., Detroit 

Gibney, Wm 409 E. 2nd St., Flint 

Gibson, Miss Theresa 63 20th St., Detroit 

Gottlieb, Henry 216 Dubois St., Detroit 

■Gottlieb, Mrs. Henry 216 Dubois St., Detroit 

Graff, Moser J 135 S. Edward St., Kalamazoo 

Grattan, Miss Livonia 335 W. Kirby Ave., Detroit 

Griffin, James M 317 Hecla Ave., Detroit 

Griffin, Mrs. James M 317 Helcla Ave., Detroit 

Hubbard, Willis 511 W. Third St., Flint 

Jacobs, E. Manuel 200 Garfield Ave, Detroit 

Jones, Miss Florence H School for Deaf, Flint 

Kay, William Inst, for Blind, Saginaw, W. S. 

Kaufman, Frederick M School for Deaf, Flint 

Klock, Roy C 1521 Garland St., Flint 

Ladley, Miss Alice 1010 Lincoln Ave., Port Huron 

Lawrason, Fred A 409 Davison St., Flint 

Lavenger, C Wyandotte 

Lavenger, John Flat Rock 

McKellar, Miss Margaret Freeland 

Maxon, Bert 409 Davison St., Flint 

Miller, Ralph Ernest 409 E. 2nd St., Flint 

Pirie, Mrs. P. S 23 Ash St., Detroit 

Reams, Henry 1416 Garland St., Flint 

Reed, Chas. A 257 E. Forest Ave., Detroit 

Sadofsky, C. M 331 Theodore St., Detroit 

Sadofsky, Mrs. C. M 331 Theodore St., Detroit 

Siess, Albert 820 Bradley Ave., Owosso 

Smith, Miss Clara P Mason 

Stevens, Clyde _... School for Deaf, Flint 

Stewart, James M 408 W. Court St., Flint 

Strand, Miss Gertrude C 625 Asylum St., Flint 

Taylor, Martin M 617 Elm St., Kalamazoo 

Taylor, Mrs. M. M 617 Elm St., Kalamazoo 

Telder, Miss Jeanette A School for Deaf, Flint 

Telher, Daniel, 1130 West North St., Kalamazoo 

Tripp, Mrs. Geo. F 1128 W. Court St., Flint 

Turn} , David 28 Frank St., Detroit 

Turrill, Mrs. David 28 Frank St., Detroit 

Twamley, Slyvester General Delivery, Detroit 

Warsaw, Miss Helena Kawkawlin 

Waters, Horace B 611 St. Aubin Ave., Detroit 

Winegar Roy J 516 Davison st . ( Flint 

Dzikowski, Stan School for Dea f, Flint 

Ketteiman, Robert 113 15th St Flint 

Klock Mrs. Sehna M 1521 Garland Ave., Flint 

Knowlton, Clarence J 801 Witherboe St., Flint 

£ ee *y> Ha T rry IT/ 1629 Broadway, Flint 

Perkins, Mrs. Alice H 912 Second St., Flint 

£ e - amS '™^ !416 Garland St., Flint 

Tripp Mrs Geo F n28 W . Court St., Flint 

De Champlain, Oren 802 Stocton St ., Flint 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 177 

Leveck, Miss Margaret School for Deaf, Flint 

mZT r p» MrS - W - H 706 W - Court St. Flint 

Bisard, Ray K R No 2 ' Akron 

Hult, John W _ School for Deaf, Flint 

Drake, Frank R . R . No . 7> Box 58> Flint 

S™' J ^ n Y- -■: 1707 North St., Flint 

DeWitt, Miss Minnie 1506 Beach St., Flint 

Cole, Mrs. Nettie 1 335 Beach St Flint 

Evans, Miss Etta M School for Deaf, Flint 

Cochrane, Robert School for Deaf, Flint 

Nelson, Mrs. G. E. M 368 Oakland Ave., Detroit 

MARYLAND. 

Blake, Tom J Allegany Co., Eckhart Miner 

Branflick, Rev. John A 2704 Bernard St., Baltimore 

Buxton, Albert C Govans 

Creager, Harry Thomas School for Deaf, Frederick 

Faupel, George H School for Deaf, Frederick 

Hetzler, Harry Wroth Baltimore 

Moylan, D. E 740 W. Fayette St., Baltimore 

Plowman, Jonathan Balto Co., Lauraville 

Trieschmann, Henry Howard Co., Columbia 

Wisotzkey, Wm. C 2119 Wilkin Ave., Baltimore 

Wyand, E. Clayton Keedysville 

MONTANA. 

Day, Louis S Boulder 

Harlan, Miss Edith Como 

Kemp, Elmo V. ... Boulder 

Kemp, Mrs. E. V Boulder 

Low, Fred J Boulder 

McMurdo, Janette Clyde Park 

Preston, Glenn A Phillipsburg 

Salisbury, Arthur Boulder 

Thompson, Chris Deer Lodge 

Thompson, Mrs. Chris Deer Lodge 

Wood, Miss Anna May 1061,4 Broadway, Helena 

MISSISSIPPI. 

Dobyns, Dr. J. R. (Honorary) School for Deaf, Jackson 

Harris, S. W School for Deaf, Jackson 

Jones, P. B Corinth 

NEBRASKA. 

Jensen, C. P R. No. 1, Hampton 

Kellner, H. A 933 N. 28th Ave., Omaha 

Kellner, Teodore B 933 N. 28th Ave., Omaha 

McKern, Clyde McCook 

McKern, Mrs. Eva McCook 

Morehouse, Joe E 612 South 14th St., Omaha 

Smrha, Miss Mary Milligan 

Rothert, Waldo H 3815 Charles St., Omaha 



178 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

NEW JERSEY. 

Washburn, C. L Spring Lake 

Porter, Geo. S _ 115 Culbertson, Ave., Trenton 

Kent, Miss Annabelle _ 60 S. Clinton St., East Orange 

Simmons, D 123 Irving St., Rahway 

Beadell, W. W Arlington 

NEW MEXICO. 
Thornton, Miss May 235 E. Palace Ave., Santa Fe 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Birck, Vernon S School for Deaf, Morganton 

Miller, John C. Morganton 

Miller, Robert C Morganton 

Morris, Miss Minnie E School for Deaf, Morganton 

Taylor, Robert S Box 211, Mount Olive 

TtiHnghast, D. R _ School for Deaf, Morganton 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Bearden, W. F _ Greenville 

Duncan, Mamie 1000 N. Hampton St., Columbia 

Gaston, E. E c|o Y. M. C. A., Columbia 

Glover, Lillian M Spartanburg 

Glover, Walter 226 East Park Ave., Spartanburg 

Holder, John Glendale 

Myers, Lewis E Bowman 

Rhodes, Jas. A Greenville 

Smoak, Herbert R ZZZZZ Union 

NEW YORK. 

Abrams, William S 2598 Broadwav, New York 

Auld, Jos. R 941 Washington St., Buffalo 

Boxley, Clarence A 2255 Sixth Ave, Troy 

Bryan, Mrs. Charles 522 W. 159th St., New York City 

Butterly, Peter F Hicksville, Long Island 

Capelh, Anthony Sta. M, School for Deaf, New York City 

Carpenter, Culver c|o Am. Ex. Co., 65 Broadway, New York City 

Cherry, Wm Canandignay 

Cohen, Louis A 72 E. 96th St., New York City 

Conley, Robert E Jamesville 

Cornelius, Lydia 276 Dodge St., Buffalo 

Daley, James ... Angola 

Decker Clinton L _ 700 W. Dominick St., Rome 

Donnelly, James F. ... 811 Walnut St., Richmond Hill, New York City 

Erb, Miss MolheL. Clarence 

Flynn, Miss Bertha P Newark 

l&" ty ^ vester J ::zz::::z::;;;::z;:;;::;z Flushing 

£nf t £ 522 E - Jefferson St., Syracuse 

£w,ti;v, • -c i 545 W " 157 St > N ew York City 

fSS^w™' ^ • "iV 18 ' W - 107th St, New York City 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 179 

Heyman, Moses 424 Central Park, West, New York City 

Heyman, Mrs. Moses 424 Central Park, West, New York City 

Hodgson, E. A Station M, New York City 

Reiser, Jno. H 511 W. 148th St., New York City 

Kenyon, Jesse H Baldwinsville 

Knox, Miss Ruth _ 510 Brock St., Albany 

Kohlman, Henry C 236 Church St., New York City 

Lauer, Miss Louise M 98 Central Park, Rochester 

Lashbrook, Mrs. Annie S 713 N. Madison St., Rome 

Leary, M. H 112 Vine St., Batavia 

Lee, Frank 33 York St., Utica 

Lipgens, Wm c|o Tiffany & Co., New York City 

McCarthy, Rev. M. R., S. J...College. Francis-Xavier, 

30 W. 16th St., New York City 

McMann, Chas. C 157 West 105th St., New York City 

Manning, James H Fick Block, Herkimer 

Nuboer, F. W 156 Broadway, New York City 

O'Brien, John F 515 West 160th St., New York City 

Pach, Alex 570 Fifth Ave., New York City 

Parlour, Geo. J 190 Masten Ave., Buffalo 

Race, Elery C _ 723 W. Liberty St., Rome 

Renner, William A 601 East 170th St., New York City 

Rogers, Miss Nellie 312 Cherry St., Rochester 

Rupert, Miss Myrtle East Aurora 

Sandusky, Paul J 816 West Ave., Utica 

Seekim, Pearl A 33 York St., Utica 

Seely, F. E 896 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo 

Seely, Mrs. F. E 896 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo 

Siburr, Edward H Clarence 

Slater, Harry A 296 S. Division St., Buffalo 

Souwein, E 74 Elm St., New York City 

Stahl, John C 6 Capitol Ave., Utica 

Stevenson, Robert N 1128 E. 14th St., Brooklyn 

Thomas, John H Bristol Road, Clinton 

Thomas, Mrs. M. H Bristol Road, Clinton 

Weil, Sol 319 Bryant St., Buffalo 

Wilson, Mrs. Sabra Arcade 

Walters, Max D Route 2, Irving 

Vanderbush, Albert 1323 Bailey Ave., Buffalo 

Ziegler, Fred Wyoming 

Goldberg, Minnie K 558 Ninth St., New York City 

Monae-Lesser, Mozart Box 182, Mt. Kisco 

OHIO. 

Adams, Arthur W 3155 W. 84th St., Cleveland 

Albert, Miss Grace C Brookville 

Albert, W. R Brookville 

Allabough, B. R 1487 Clarence Ave., Lakewood 

Allabough, Mrs. Nellie M 1487 Clarence Ave., Lakewood 

Ayers, Mrs. K. B 1486 Coutant Ave., Lakewood 

Ayers, Kreigh B 1486 Coutant Ave., Lakewood 

Bacheberle, Louis J 2421 Moerlein Ave., Cincinnati 

Bard, Hiram North Road, East Cleveland 

Bard, Mrs. Hiram North Road, East Cleveland 

Bauer, Frank M 504 Main St., Wadsworth 



180 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Bates, Mrs. Elmer E 1907 E. 40th St., Cleveland 

Bealosky, Isaac 1610 E. 40th St., Cleveland 

Berger, Miss Eva 420 Oak St., Dayton 

Bengsch, P. F 614 E. 102nd St., N. E., Cleveland 

Bernhard, Miss Matilda 64 S. 4th St., Columbus 

Bierce, Miss Mary C Circleville 

Boettner, J 1541 E. 22nd St., Cleveland 

Boettner, Susan E 1541 E. 22nd St., Cleveland 

Bohnert, George 3621 Library Ave., Cleveland 

Bohnert, Mrs. George 3621 Library Ave., Cleveland 

Bov, John H 2112 Hatmaker St., Cincinnati 

Brown, Miss Delia F Warren 

Brown, James Milligan Road, Warren 

Buckingham, Orrin T R. F. D. No. 4, Grove City 

Callaway, James South Brooklyn, Cuyahoga, Co. 

Callaway, Stella South Brooklyn, Cuyahoga Co. 

Callison, Mrs. Anna c|o Y. W. C. A., Columbus 

Carroll, E. R Fairmont P. O., Cleveland Heights, Cleveland 

Carroll, Mrs. M. E 1382 W. 65th St., Cleveland 

Carroll, Mrs. E. R 1571 Crest Road, Cleveland 

Carroll, Mrs. E. R R. F. D. No. 2, South Euclid 

Charles, C. W 441 S. Ohio Ave., Columbus 

Corbett, S. W 2215 Seneca St., Bellaire 

Corbett, Mrs. S. W 2215 Seneca St., Beilaire 

Cowden, Alva Box 102, Ft. Jennings 

Dennahy, Thomas 1421 E. 52nd St., Cleveland 

Dille, Harley W Athens Co., Sharpsburg 

Dobe, Joseph A .'. 3812 Warren St., Cleveland 

Durian, Wm. F 226 Haine Ave., Alliance 

Edam, Mrs. Hattie 1610 E. 40th St., Cleveland 

Edgar, Bessie M 56 Latta Ave., Columbus 

Edmiston, Miss Bertha V 1310 Fouth Ave., Akron 

Faulkhaber, Frank 3122 W. 103rd St., Cleveland 

Faulkhaber, Mrs. Aug. J 3122 W. 103rd St., Cleveland 

Faulkhaber, Mrs. Adam 3122 W. 103rd St., Cleveland 

Faulkhaber, Lulu 3122 W. 103rd St., Cleveland 

Felalkamp, Mrs. A 3812 Warren St., Cleveland 

Flynn, Edward J 263 Lora Ave., Youngstown 

Fitzgerald, John 1796 E. 47th St., Cleveland 

Frater, Leo D 369 Merrill St., Columbus 

Friedman, David 435 city Hall, Cleveland 

Friedman, Mrs. David Cleveland 

Krohngold, Walter 536 W. Market St., Akron 

Froehch, Miss Helena 3310 West 58th St., Cleveland 

Fry, Chas 2879 W. 8th St., Cincinnati 

Fryfogle, John P School for Deaf, Columbus 

Gabel, Arthur 3163 W. 73rd St., Cleveland 

Gerner, David A R. p. D. No. 3, Port Clinton 

Gibson, Miss Ruth 2172 E. 97th St., Cleveland 

Giffen, Marion G R. F. D. No. 4, Box 124, St. Clairsville 

(xi boy, Leo K 9 38 Wabash Ave., Youngstown 

Ixilmore, James W. Newton Falls, Trumbull Co. 

Godenschwager, Karl 10417 Elmarge Rd. ( Cleveland 

Goets, Harley E 14 E . Sprin st Columbus 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 181 

Feine, Mrs. Terrace Youngstown 

Goldman, Jos. R Middletown 

Goll, Geo. F., Jr Box 320, Stryker 

Goll, Mrs Geo. F., Jr Box 320, Stryker 

Graves, Clarence 1334 E. 124th St., Cleveland 

Green, Benj. P 153 Morris Ave., West Toledo 

Greener, A. B 993 Franklin Ave., Columbus 

Greenwood, Russell 1056 Remington Ave., Cleveland 

Grimm, M. J 321 Sawyer Ave., Akron 

Grimm, Mrs. M. J 321 Sawyer Ave., Akron 

Gross, Miss Marie 24 E. 22nd St., Dayton 

Halse, G. W R. F. D. No. 2, Hamersville 

Haslam, James A R. F. D. No 2, Box 83, Amherst, Lorain Co. 

Harrington, R. W R. F. D. No. 9, Columbia Station, Lorain Co. 

Hayes, Frank 3351 W. 97th St., Cleveland 

Hemick, Nathan P _ 2066 N. 14th St., Toledo 

Houck, F. M East Palestine 

Hirz, Miss Katherine 2264 W. 41st St., Cleveland 

Hiebak, Miss Julia 2006 Abbey Ave., Cleveland 

Holycross, Edwin 1 308 South 18th St., Columbus 

Homrighausen, Geo 211 E. Second St., Canal Dover 

Hoskinson, Miss Vera Montplier 

Huebner, William A R. F. D. No. 1, Marion 

Hughes, E. H 3407 Virginia Ave., Cleveland 

Hughes, Mrs. Edwin 3407 Virginia Ave., Cleveland; 

Hughes, John P _ Luna 

Humes, Lloyd 17 W. Charlmas Ave., Youngstown 

Hunt, Nellie _ 117 Arch St., Clyde 

Jansen, Miss Kolma c|o Y. W. C. A., Columbus 

Jones, Alfred 1017 N. Howard St., Akron 

Jones, Leon P 522 W. Liberty St., Medina 

Koelle, Mrs. Herman 1262 Beach St., Lakewood 

Kinkel, Geo. W 3857 W. 20th St., Cleveland 

Kleinhaus, Mrs. Wm 3720 W. 36th St., S. W., Cleveland 

Koelle, Herman 1262 Beach St., Lakewood 

Krouse, Miss Irene J 218 E. Stewart St., Dayton 

Krohngold, Marcus 530 N. Market St., Akron 

Krull, Fred 7017 Central Ave., Cleveland 

Laing, Efiie Cuyahoga Co., Bedford 

Lambert, Miss Kittie V 8936 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 

Lambert, Miss Maude E _ 8936 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 

Lamson, Cloa 1100 Cole St., Columbus 

Lang, Miss Elsie E 1211 N. Erie St., Toledo 

Leib, Mrs. J. W 536 S. Ohio Ave., Columbus 

Lepley, Albert _ c|o The Edwards Co., Youngstown 

Lober, Charles E Parsons and Oak Sts., Columbus 

Lohr, Miss Iva London 

McCann, H. A _... 8618 Mendean Ave., Cleveland 

McClannahan, Miss Minnie 420 Carnation Ave., Findlay 

McGinness, Thomas 2035 W. 44th St., Cleveland 

McGrattan, James Niles 

McGregor, R. P Franklin Co., Grove City 

Mann, Mrs. A. W 10021 Wilbur Ave., S. E., Cleveland 

Meach, William 1974 W 85th St., N. W., Cleveland 



182 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Meyer, Mrs. Emma 1433 E. 82nd St., Cleveland 

Millard, Miss Ida Bridgeport 

Miller, Miss Christine 1541 E. 22nd St., Cleveland 

Miller, John Cleveland 

Miller, Miss Tena 423 E. Green St., Piqua 

Minor, Mrs. C. L Chillecothe 

Monnin, A. A 818 N. Cherry St., Canton 

Monnin, Mrs. A. A 818 N. Cherry St., Canton 

Moore, Forrest c|o Favorite Stove Works, Piqua 

Morley, Paul S 15934 Whitcomb Road, Collinwood Sta., Cleveland 

Mueller, Arnold 211 West Ave., Elyria 

Munger, P. D 1136 Ansel Road, Cleveland 

Munger, Mrs. Pret 1136 Ansel Road, Cleveland 

Myers, Park R. F. D. No. 2, East Akron 

Naylor, J. H Bryan 

Neillie, Chas. R 4317 E. 116th St., Cleveland 

Neillie, Mrs. C. R 4317 E. 116th St., Cleveland 

Neuner, C. C R. F. D. No. 4, Columbus 

Noble, B. E Farmdale 

O'Donnel, Harry 2414 Salutarius Ave., Cincinnati 

Ohlemacher, Albert 1152 E. Rich St., Columbus 

Patterson, Robert _ 611 E. Rich St., Columbus 

Pershing, J. E 525 W. Southern Ave., Springfield 

Phillips, Anne 2404 Highland Ave., Mt. Auburn, Cincinnati 

Pudvan, Alfred 1712 W. 24th St., Cleveland 

Pudvan, Miss Dora 1712 W. 24th St., Cleveland 

Reading, Mrs. Flora 12603 Cornelia Ave., Cleveland 

Reading, George M 12603 Cornelia Ave., Cleveland 

Rechlin, Miss Anna 1816 9th St., Cleveland 

Richard, Dan 603 Cherry St., Niles 

Reichard, Mrs. Dan 603 Cherry St., Niles 

Reinhold, William 20 Charles St., Akron 

Reye, Mrs. Florence 1882 W. 54th St., Cleveland 

Rich, William R. F. D. No. 3, Alliance 

Rohrer, Henry H Wadsworth 

Ross, Miss Bertha 3710 Robert St., Cleveland 

Ross, Fred School for Deaf, Columbus 

Rothman, Toe 2190 E. 70th St., Cleveland 

Schaefer, George 4048 Payne Ave., Cleveland 

Schory, A. H 232 So. 17th St., Columbus 

Schaefer, W. J Glenford 

Siekierska, Miss Bertha 8313 Sowinski St., N. E.. Cleveland 

Smolk, John 11516 Kinsman Road, Cleveland 

Snyder, Slava 7505 Lawn View Ave., Cleveland 

Spencer, Miss Johanna 237 E. 49th St., Cleveland 

Stocker, Mrs. Libbie _ 4400 Lester Ave., Cleveland 

Stovs, Friend Summerfield 

Stottler, Howell 12603 Cornado Ave., N. E., Cleveland 

Stottler, John 12603 Cornado Ave., N. E. Cleveland 

Thomas, Ernest 121 N. Cole St., Lima 

Thurman, W. P _ 90 8 Springfield St., Dalton 

Toomey, Wm. W 243 Haines Ave., Alliance 

Towner, Ellsworth 4145 e. 104th St., Cleveland 

Wagner, Anton 8019 Amos Ave Cleveland 

Wankowski, Frank 3274 w. 30th St., Cleveland 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 183 

Wankowski, Mrs. Frank 3274 W. 30th St., Cleveland 

Williams, Louis D 9515 W. Madison Ave., Cleveland 

Weber, John 1924 W. 47th St., Cleveland 

Valp, Herbert Franklin Co., Grove City 

Vogelhund, Jacob 821 E. Main St., Columbus 

Zorn, Wm. H 556 S. Champion Ave., Columbus 

Zoeller, John 1727 E. 41st St., Cleveland 

Zell, Miss Ethelburga Station A, Grandview, Columbus 

Zell, Ernest Station A, Grandview, Columbus 

Bard, Mrs. Hiram N. Road, East Cleveland 

George, Clarence L 243 Haines Ave., Alliance 

Showalter, J. B _ School for Deaf, Columbus 

Francher, G. W Brice 

Stansberger, Christian 924 Marion Ave., Canton 

Drake, Robert 407 North St., Massillon 

Weckel, John 514 Maryland Ave., Canton 

Baldwin, Miss Olive H 536 Highland Ave., Ravenna 

Shade, G. W West Jefferson 

OREGON. 

Kohn, Herman H. Mount Angel 

Reichle, J. 900 E. 6th St., N., Portland 

Reichle, Mrs. John 900 E. 6th St., N., Portland 

Scott, Atchisson 870 E. 12th St., N, Portland 

OKLAHOMA. 

Price, Guard S Sulphur 

Sayles, Wm. W „ Sulphur 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Arnold, William 1624 Chew St., Allentown 

Atcheson, Joseph W 412 Homewood Ave., Pittsburg 

Bardes, Henry 490 Ella St., Wilkinsburg 

Barker, Roland M 61 Church St., Johnstown 

Barker, Mrs. R. M 61 Church St., Johnstown 

Blackhall, Frank 10 Savannah Ave., Swissvale Sta. 

Boyd, Miss Euna S 5485 Harp St., Pittsburg 

Bracken, Miss Margaulta 5243 Gertrude Ave., Pittsburg 

Burkhart, Alex Armstrong Co., Freeport 

Burns, Miss Mary H 620 Mulberry St., Williamspon; 

Buterbaugh, J. H 308 Lexington Ave., Altoona 

Butler, Miss Mary 5 Halket St., Pittsburg 

Chesnut, Mrs. Rose 126 Whitfield St., Pittsburg 

Clark, Charles L 719 Madison Ave., Scranton 

Clark, Miss Mary 426 Eureka St., Mt. Washington Sta., Pittsburg 

Clementson, Geo. F 106 School St., Avalon, Allegheny Co. 

Durian, Royal L 89 Mead St., Pittsburg 

Eisenhart, Harvey M 613 Market St., York 

Farke, Fred 312 Marlowe St., Crafton 

Forber, J. K 517 Durango St., S. E., Pittsburg 

Finley, Miss Caroline 8 Craig St., New Castle 

Friend, Mrs. Wm 514 Stokes Ave., Braddock 

Friend, Wm 514 Stokes Ave., Braddock 

Fritscher, Mrs. G Box 396, Pitcairn 

Gillooly, Peter P , Box 71, Woodlawn 



1S4 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Gorman, Tim 1021 Franklin St., N. S., Pittsburg 

Gorman, Mrs. Tim 1021 Franklin St., N. S., Pittsburg 

Gray, F. R . 2026 Perrysville Ave., Allegheny City 

Harah, E. C R. F. D. No. 3, Rockwoeo. 

Hedrick, Mrs. Christina 624 Lincoln Ave., E. E., Pittsburg 

Himrod, W. DeWitt 17 W. 7th St., c|o Himrod En'g. Co., Erie 

Himrod, Mrs. W. DeWitt 17 W. 7th St., Erie 

Hughes, Frederick _ 110 Locust St., Harrisburg 

Irwin, Daniel _... Turtle Creek, Allegheny Co. 

James, Wm. V 351 Stonycreek St., Johnstown 

Judd, Howard L 313 Strawberry St., New Brighton 

Kiffer, Jas. L 3822 Melwood Ave., Pittsburg 

Korn, Geo. C U. S. S. Co., Dept A„ Swissvale 

Kornblum, Michael Arrott Bldg., Pittsburg 

Lebo, Matthiar Ciafton 

Leitner, Frank A _ 624 Rebecca Ave., Wilkinsburg 

McMurray, Margaret _ R. F. D. No. 3, McDonald 

McConnel, Geo. H U. S. S. Co., Swissvab 

McHugh, Mrs. Henry 304 Strayer St., Tohnstown 

McHugh, Henry 304 Strayer St., Johnstown 

McMaster, H. H. B 245 Pacific Ave., Pittsbur? 

Mullin, Miss Sophia Alice Turtle Point 

Myer, Albert A 1622 Chew St. Allentown 

Orth, Albert Wilson and Jones Sts., Etna 

Pfeiffer, Miss Annie 324 Curtin Ave., Pittsburg 

Roach, John A 3737 N. Franklin St., Philadelphia 

Rollinds, Robert R. F. D. No. 3, Greensburg 

Rosensteel, John E Ebensburg 

Rolshouse, J. M 124 Second St., Aspinwall, Allegheny 

Sanders, Geo. T 7418 Boyer St., Mt. Airy 

Sawhill, C. S 21 Centre St., North Braddoni 

Sawhill, Mrs. Collin 21 Centre St., North Braddock 

Sawhill, W. L 7705 Westmoreland St., Swissvale 

Sawhill, Mrs. W. L 7705 Westmoreland St., Swissvale 

Schroedel, Philip R 35 Enfield St., Pittsburg 

Shane, Charles _ 1505 Mixon St., N. S., Pittsburg 

Shaner, James I _ 216 Fisk St., Pittsburg 

Shields, Mrs. Luella _ Ellwood City 

Shull, Wm Pittsburg 

Schoenenberger, Miss Theresa 1123 Center St., Ashland 

Smielau, Rev. F. C 1604 Chew St., Allentown 

Stevenson, G. B 1515 21st Ave., Altoona 

Teegarden, George M 469 Ella St., Wilkinsburg 

Weckerman, Chas 30 S. Penn. Ave., Emsworth 

Rolshouse, Mrs. J. M 124 2nd St, Aspinwall 

Painter, Cyril A School for Deaf, Edgewood Park 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Beardsley, Jessie _... Madison 

Doss, Miss Edith Vermillion 

Finch, Miss Marion E 117' 8th Ave" s! E., Aberdeen 

Loucks, Chas. H Trent 

Loucks, Mrs. Chas. H ' Trent 

Robinson, Iva M .'.....^Z".Z"&hTOrjfOT"DMf7sioux Falls 



NATI6NAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 185 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Sheridan, Thomas School for Deaf, Devil's Lake 

Anderson, Miss Olga School for Deaf, Devil's Lake 

TEXAS. 

Carrell, Owen G 2826 Rio Grande Ave., Austin 

Christal, Miss Beulah Denton 

Dudley, W. E El Paso 

Eubank, R. T _ c|o Clark & Courts, Galveston 

Irvin, James B c|o Clark & Courts, Galveston 

Jackson, Thos. P c|o Knight Ptg. Co., Waco 

Parish, Wm. L _ L. Box 47, San Antonio 

Smith, Tilden 2024 Fort Ave., Waco 

Carothers, W. N Georgetown.. 

Brackenbusch, Albert _ Rockdale 

Brooks, Geo. A Fairview Park, Austin 

Barnes, W. A Austin 

Davis, W. H - Fairview Park, Austin 

Wood, W. J Fairview Park, Austin 

Lewis, Miss Emily School for Deaf, Austin 

Green, Dewitt Bay City 

Moore, Edwin R. F. D. No. 2, Knox City 

TENNESSEE. 

Branum, W. 510 Union Ave., Knoxville 

Branum, Mrs. W. 510 Union Ave., Knoxville 

Marr, Thos S Nashville 

Michaels, Rev. J. W 510 E. 5th Ave., Knoxville 

Palmer, Arthur School for Deaf, Knoxville 

Swink, W. C School for Deaf, Knoxville 

Todd, John Amos _ _... 616 Marshall Ave., Memphis 

Payne, Wood 408 Walnut St., Knoxville 

Payne, Lonas School for Deaf, Knoxville 

Huff, George W 107^ Gay St, Knoxville 

Chambers, W. H Box 443, Knoxville 

Mann, M. R 1507 E. Jackson Ave., Knoxville 

Midget, Gordon 837 S. 7th St., Knoxville 

Kennedy, W. J 510 Union Ave., Knoxville 

Willhite, Estel 1836 W. Euclid Ave., Knoxville 

Lynn, S. H 957 N. 5th St., Knoxville 

Watson, W. B 417 Hiwassee Ave., Knoxville 

Moreland, General 512 Asylum Ave., Knoxville 

VERMONT. 
Heyer, Albert S 16 Cliff St., St. Johnsburg 

WASHINGTON. 

Arnot, Alfred E L. Box 225, Spokane 

Axling, P. L _ 316 Pacific Bldg., Seattle 

Axling, Mrs. Julia V 316 Pacific Bldg., Seattle 

Belser, Lawrence H Wenatchee 

Bertram, J. C Box 189, Tacoma 

Bixler, J. B _ Wenatchee 

Brown, Michael c|o L. O. Christenson, 222 Liberty Bldg., 

1404 Third Ave., Seattle. 



186 PROCEEDINGS TENTH CONVENTION 

Chambers, Erve 2110 1st Ave., Seattle 

Christenson, L. 222 Liberty Bldg., 1404 Third Ave., Seattle 

Garrison, N. Carl Camano 

Gustin, John E 4518 9th Ave., N. E., Seattle 

Gustin, Mrs. Pauline G 4518 9th Ave., N. E., Seattle 

Hammond, Miss Myrtle 2014 Howard Ave, North, Seattle 

Hanson, Olof 4747 16th Ave., N. E., Seattle 

Hanson, Mrs. Olof 4747 16th Ave., N. E., Seattle 

Harris, Roy E 1925 11th Ave., North, Seattle 

Holcombe, Hugo A 1320 Park Ave., Bremerton 

Meagher, J. Frederick School for Deaf, Vancouver 

Meagher, Mrs. Frederick School for Deaf, Vancouver 

Miller, M. S 4318 6th Ave., Tacoma 

Partridge, True Box 718, Seattle 

Root, W. S Room 4, Kinner Bldg., Seattle 

Seeley, Mrs. Eva 56 and Ferry Sts., Tacoma 

Skoglund, John E Edgewood 

Stuht, Rudy 601 N. 62nd St., Bremerton 

Swangren, Ernest 2127 2nd Ave., (Rivoli Apt.) Seattle 

Tousley, DeWitt 2318 57th St., N., Seattle 

Tousley, Mrs. DeWitt 2318 57th St., N., Seattle 

Wright, A. W 1728 E. 62nd St., Seattle 

Wright, Mrs. A. W 1728 E. 62nd St., Seattle 

Wade, Mrs. A. M 1728 E. 62nd St., Seattle 

WEST VIRGINIA. 

Alexander, Mrs. Wm. R 55 S. York St., Wheeling 

Anderson, Miss Ada J 39 Maryland, Wheeling 

Bartlett, Emma 120 Main St., Mannington 

Biagi, Domenic 310 Ninth St., Huntington 

Fowler, J. H. V Brooke Co., Wellsburg 

Hallem, Lawrence 1213 Market St., Wheeling 

Knuth, Lawrence 3640 Ewing St., Wheeling 

Uhl, Miss Cora Williamstown 

Weimer, Chas. M 1113 McColloch St., Wheeling 

WISCONSIN. 

Rosenthal, Mrs. Wm. 1735 Racine St., Racine 

Wilson, Wm. O _ Delavan 

Gran, Andrew 1812 N. 16th St., Superior 

Berlund, Severin T 1812 N. 16th St., Superior 

Finendale, E 330 Tower St., Superior 

WYOMING. 
Baldwin, Miss Eleanor Lander 

VIRGINIA. 

Mankin, Miss Lula B Fairfax Co., Falls Church 

Pollard, Paxton Norfolk 

Randolph. John L 636 May Ave., Norfolk 

Ritter, W. C. Newport News 

Ritter, Mrs. W. C Newport News 




Courtesy "Silent Worker.' 

Jay Cooke Howard 

President N. A. D. 1913-1917 



+- 



* 




SESSION IN THE COURT OF ABUNDANCE, PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION, ON NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF DAY. 



Delegates to the Special Convention at San Francisco 




MEMBERS IN FRONT OF THE SAN FRANCISCO CIVIC AUDITORIUM. UPPER HALF OF PICTURE IS A VIEW OF THE EXPOSITION AND SAN FRANCISCO BAY. 



Above Cuts Loaned by The Silent Worker. 



Proceedings of the 

Eleventh {Special) Convention 

of the National Association 
of the Deaf 

Held in San Francisco, California 
July 19M to 2Ath Inclusive 

19 15 




PRINTED MARCH 1916 

Press of 

WALKENHORST PRINTING CO. 

Kansas City. Mo. 



JntnAurtton 



IN the following pages will be found a complete report 
of the Eleventh (special) Convention of the National 
Association of the Deaf. An attempt has been made 
to give, as accurately as is possible in translating the sign 
language into English, a verbatim report of the proceed- 
ings, believing this will prove more interesting to the 
reader. With the exception of an address at the opening 
of the Convention, and Dr. Young's address at the Greek 
Theatre, in which instances a regular stenographer was 
employed, all the stenographic work was done by the Sec- 
retary, who is therefore responsible for any shortcomings 
in the finished report. 

The verses printed under the illustrations herein are 
taken from a poem by Angeline Ashby Fuller Fischer. 
Thanks are due the San Francisco Local Committee for a 
majority of the cuts, which originally appeared in the 
official program of the Convention, and to the "Silent 
Worker," for several of the larger cuts, of which due credit 
is given in each instance. 

It is believed that this report will show the Associa- 
tion has accomplished something, and that it is trying to 
accomplish much more for the general welfare of the deaf. 

ARTHUR L. ROBERTS, 

Secretary. 
March, 1916. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 3 

Officers and Committees 

OF THE 

National Association of the Deaf 

1913-1917 



OFFICERS. 



President - Jay Cooke Howard 

Providence Building, Duluth, Minnesota. 

First Vice-President - A. B. Greener 

993 Franklin Avenue, Columbus, Ohio. 

Second Vice-President - Mrs. Anna S. Lashbrook 

School for the Deaf, Rome, New York. 

Third Vice-President - - Walter Glover 

226 East Park Avenue, Spartanburg, South Carolina. 

Fourth Vice-President - - - James W. Howson 

2915 Regent Street, Berkeley, California. 

Secretary Arthur L. Roberts 

Olathe, Kansas. 

Treasurer ... 'Harley D. Drake 

Gallaudet College, Washington, D. C. 



NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

Jay Cooke Howard (ex-officio) - - Chairman 

Providence Building, Duluth, Minnesota. 

Owen G. Carrell, Sulphur, Oklahoma 

Shelby W. Harris, - School for the Deaf, Jackson, Mississippi 

Arthur L. Roberts, - ... Olathe, Kansas 

Leo C. Williams, 415 Lick Building, San Francisco, California 

W. S. Root, - 10 Art Building, Seattle, Washington 

Walter G. Durian - - American School for the Deaf 

Hartford, Connecticut. 

Rev. John H. Keiser, - - 511 West 148th Street, New York City 

George H. Bailey, Woodleaf, North Carolina 



4 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

COMMITTEES. 

Trustees Endowment Fund — Geo. W. Veditz, Chairman, Colorado; 
Olof Hanson, Washington; Willis Hubbard, Michigan. 

Endowment Fund — Rev. Dr. P. J. Hasenstab, Chairman, Illinois; 
Frank R. Gray, Pennsylvania; Harold McNeilly, Nevada. 

Gallaudet Day — A. J. Eickhoff, Chairman, Michigan; J. H. MacFarlane, 

Alabama; G. H. Faupel, Maryland. 

Hartford Monument— Dr. T. F. Fox, Chairman, New York; Dr. J. B. 
Hotchkiss, District of Columbia; H. D. Drake, District of Columbia. 

Bureau of Publicity— Olof Hanson, Director; A. W. Wright; Lawrence 
Belser; all of Washington. 

Motion Picture Fund — Roy J. Stewart, Chairman, District of Columbia; 
F. R. Gray, Pennsylvania; Chas. H. Loucks, South Dakota. 

Laws — J. W. Howson, Chairman, California; Olof Hanson, Wash- 
ington; Albert Berg, Indiana. 

Literary Bureau — Howard L. Terry, Chairman, California; Arnold 
Kiene, California; J. Frederick Meagher, Washington. 

De l'Epee Memorial — Dr. J. H. Cloud, Chairman, Missouri; Samuel 
Frankenheim, New York; Anton Schroeder, Minnesota. 

Civil Service — Rev. B. R. Allabough, Chairman, Ohio; Robert H. King, 
Kentucky; Geo. M. Teegarden, Pennsylvania. 

Statistics — R. P. MacGregor, Chairman, Ohio; Dudley W. George, 
Illinois; Wm. H. Zorn, Ohio. 

Industrial Bureau — Lyman M. Hunt, Chairman, Missouri; Duncan A. 
Cameron, Nebraska; W. H. Rothert, Nebraska. 

Boy Scouts — Dr. J. S. Long, Chairman, Iowa; F. A. Johnson, Illinois; 
Philip Morin, Massachusetts. 

Impostors — J. Frederick Meagher, Chief, Washington. 

Printing — A. L. Roberts, Chairman, Kansas; Jay Cooke Howard, Min- 
nesota. 

Local Arrangements, San Francisco — Leo. C. Williams, Chairman; 
F. W. Baars, printing; Miss Agnes Cox, San Joaquin Valley; 
Th. d'Estrella, entertainment; James W. Howson; program; 
Monroe Jacobs, hotels; D. S. Luddy, meeting places; Miss Annie 
Lindstrom, decorations; Ed. W. Lohmeyer, auditing; Miss Alice 
K. Metcalf, finance; L. A. Maldonado, information; E. E. Norton, 
reception; W. S. Runde, publicity; Isadore Selig, transportation; 
Mrs. Alice T. Terry, Southern California; Miss Mabel I. Luddy, 
secretary; Kossuth Selig, at large; F. B. Shattuck, at large; Jay 
Cooke Howard, ex officio. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 5 

Saturday, July 17th 

ENTERTAINMENT AT SACRAMENTO. 

The special train which had left Omaha on the, afternoon of July 
12, carrying Eastern delegates to the Convention of the National 
Association of the Deaf in San Francisco, was met at the station in 
Sacramento on the morning of July 17 by a committtee, representing 
the Comrade Club of the Deaf, headed by Chairman Joseph Gabrielli. 
President Howard was here presented with a large key by the com- 
mittee. Following breakfast, the party repaired to the State Capitol 
building, where, in the absence of Governor Johnson, a speech of 
welcome was made by the Secretary of the Commercial Club which 
assisted the Comrade Club in entertaining the visitors, and another 
large key, in a handsome box, was presented to President Howard, 
who responded to the address of welcome. 

A visit was then made to the beautiful art gallery of Sacramento, 
where an hour was ' spent viewing the pictures and statuary. The 
Secretary of the Commercial Club and President Howard made brief 
addresses in the assembly room of the gallery. 

The delegates then were given an automobile trip out into the 
Sacramento Valley country, which the citizens term "the Heart of 
California." Returning to the city, the party had luncheon, and the 
special left Sacramento for San Francisco shortly after 1:00 p. m. 

In the evening the delegates were tendered a reception by the 
Sphinx Club in the ball room of the Native Sons of the Golden West 
Building, San Francisco. 



Sunday, July 18th 

SANTA CLARA VALLEY TRIP. 

At 9:00 a. m., the delegates left San Francisco on a special train 
for San Jose. From there, special trolley cars carried the party out 
to Alum Rock. The trolley trip was personally conducted by repre- 
sentatives of the San Jose Chamber of Commerce. 

Returning to San Jose, the delegates had luncheon, after which 
they again boarded the trolley cars for a ride through the famous 
Santa Clara Valley orchard district. 

At Palo Alto, seat of the Leland Stanford University, the dele- 
gates stopped for a visit to the university buildings and grounds. An 
inspection was made of the famous million-dollar chapel, which con- 
tains some of the finest mosaics in the world. Here Chairman Wil- 
liams, of the local committee, introduced the Rev. J. W. Michaels, of 
Fort Smith, Arkansas, who delivered a short sermon and offered 
prayer. The special train carried the party back to San Francisco. 



6 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE 
CONVENTION 

Monday Evening Session 

JULY 19 

OPENING OF THE CONVENTION. 

The opening session of the Eleventh (special) Convention of the 
National Association of the Deaf was called to order by President 
Jay Cooke Howard at 8:00 p. m., in the San Francisco Civic Audi- 
torium. 

The President: The Rev. John H. Keiser, of New York City, 
will invoke Divine guidance. The audience will please arise and 
•emain standing. 

The Rev. Mr. Keiser delivered the invocation. 

The President: If no objection is made, the published program 
will be the program of our Convention. No objection is noted. The 
published program will stand as the official program of the Conven- 
tion. 

SPEAKERS INTRODUCED. 

The President: Governor Johnson, of California, finds it impos- 
sible to be present. He has sent to represent him the Hon. J. J. 
Dwyer, President of the State Board of Harbor Commissioners. I 
shall now introduce Mr. Dwyer. 

ADDRESS OF THE HON. J. J. DWYER. 

(Prof. Caldwell interpreting.) 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : In behalf of the Gov- 
ernor of the State of California, it gives me the greatest possible 
pleasure to welcome you to our city, to our Exposition, and to the 
State of California. 

The principal purpose of this Exposition is not merely to cele- 
brate the completion of the greatest engineering feat in the history 
of mankind, namely, the completion of the Panama Canal, but to 
exhibit to the world what has been done during the last twenty years, 
principally for education and improvement and advancement of man- 
kind in all the arts and sciences. One of the greatest purposes of the 
Exposition is accomplished by the meeting in our city and in our 
Exposition of those who are interested in improving the physical 
and mental condition of the human race, and of all those- who have 
appeared, none are more welcome, none are more grateful to the 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 7 

good people of this beneficent commonwealth than the teachers and 
associated pupils and lecturers who are trying to improve the con- 
dition of those who have been the subject of some affliction. 

It is not for me, ladies and gentlemen, to discant at length upon 
the treatment of the deaf or the improvement of appliances for the 
extension of their powers of hearing; such as they are I can only 
express the hope and the (prayer that meetings like this will con- 
tribute to the great cause which you so nobly represent. 

Sometimes we are prone to exaggerate the importance of the 
senses to mankind and, of course, one who is deprived of one of these 
God-given gifts suffers to a large extent, but, after all, mankind is 
made up, and the human race is made up, not so much of the senses 
as of the heart and of the brain. The heart has no eyes, the heart has 
no ears; the brain has no eyes, the brain has no ears, and yet the 
greatest part, the most useful part and the most enduring part of 
all the works through the days and through the ages are accom- 
plished by the loving service of the heart and by the aspiring work 
of the brain without the aid of any of the senses. The grandest 
poetry that ever sprang from the brain of man came from the mind 
of John Milton, who, as you know, had been deprived of his sight, 
and the most beautiful sounds that have ever been evoked from 
wonderful musical instruments were the manufacture of deaf Bee- 
thoven. Thus we see, under the working of the wonderful law of 
compensation, that when something is lacking in our mental or bodily 
equipment the good God makes up the deficiency by strengthening 
what is left, so that they who are deaf may serve a beneficent and 
useful purpose in this world. 

So, ladies and gentlemen, we welcome you to California, and 
extend to you all the hospitality for which she is famous. We hope 
that your stay among us will be pleasant and useful, useful to your- 
selves and useful to those for whom you are working, and we hope 
that you will go back to your various communities and continue in 
the work of improving your own condition and to spread the gospel 
of service, of useful work, throughout the length and breadth of our 
God-favored land. 



The President: I shall now introduce Mr. L. C. Williams, Chair- 
man of the San Francisco Local Committee. 

ADDRESS OF MR. LEO C. WILLIAMS. 

(Miss Marjorie Williams reading.) 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : To me has been delegated 
the pleasant task of welcoming you to California in the name of the 
Local Committee on Arrangements. 

We shall endeavor to minister to your creature comfort during 
your deliberations and to cater to your enjoyment during your hours 
of relaxation and we wish you both profit and pleasure during your 
stay with us in our Golden State. 

The officials of the Exposition have accorded us every courtesy 
and consideration, anticipated our slightest wish, and at all times 
co-operated with us in sincerely endeavoring to make your conven- 
tion a -complete success. 



8 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

The anticipation of your coming has proven California's golden 
opportunity. The spirit of the-N. A. D. has awakened us from our 
lethargy, brought us together, fostered our clubs and enabled us to 
build up the strongest state association in the country. The N. A. D. 
has roots in the prolific soil of California, its doctrines have been 
preached and spread throughout the length and breadth of our fair 
land and 'it is here to stay. 

The state association, 350 strong, with aims and objects identical 
with your own, stands ready to affiliate with you in accordance with 
the terms of Article XIII, as proposed by your Committee on Laws 
for adoption at this Convention. 

On Behalf of all California, the Local Committee extends to you 
a most cordial welcome, not as the strangers within our gates, but as 
our good friends from over the mountains and across the plains. 
We sincerely hope that your future memories of 'this Convention 
and of California and the Californians will be most pleasant. 



The President: Next on the program is an address by Mr. L. E. 
Milligan, Principal of the California School for the Deaf. 

ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL L. E. MILLIGAN. 

(Mr. .Milligan delivered his address both orally and in the 
sign language.) 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : The work of the deaf of 
California during the last two years has amazed me as it doubt- 
less has surprised the officers of the National Association of the Deaf. 
To gather into the National Association the largest membership that 
any state in the LTnion holds is an achievement well worth the effort 
it required. The California School for the Deaf is proud of the young 
people it has sent out. Five of our teachers and officers have worked 
so hard during the past year to make this meeting "a success that 
their Civil Service marks have suffered; however, their sacrifices are 
well repaid by the presence of this representative gathering of deaf 
men and women. There are many deaf residents of California from 
other state schools who have ably seconded the efforts of our own 
graduates in giving you a proper welcome to our glorious state. 

We are proud of our Governor, who is the only governor in the 
United States who has personally spent a month investigating the 
conditions and needs of the deaf. The deaf can always feel that they 
have a firm and powerful friend in Governor Johnson. 

Our beautiful bay is dotted with lighthouses that guide ships 
from every clime to safe harbors. Like these lighthouses, we trust 
that the ideas brought out at this Convention, your discussions and 
wise decisions may prove safe guides to the deaf of the nation. 

I thank you for your kind attention. 



The President: The California State Association of the Deaf is 
represented on the program by its president, Mr. Winfield S. Runde. 
I shall now introduce Mr. Runde. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 9 

ADDRESS OF MR. WINFIELD S. RUNDE. 

(Prof. Caldwell reading.) 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : It falls to my lot as pres- 
ident of the California Association of the Deaf, to welcome you, in 
behalf of that organization, to the metropolis of the Pacific coast. 

You have journeyed across the weary plains and the dreary — 
almost endless — desert, and now you have come to your reward. 
You are in the lap of God's thrice blessed country and you, no doubt, 
forget your weariness and feel that you have found what Ponce de 
Leon failed to discover — for this is the Land of Promise, where hope 
abandoned in other lands is here regained and one feels life anew. 

Nine years ago our beloved city was laid in ashes. The blow 
seemed to spell permanent ruin. But opportunity knocked and the 
dauntless California spirit triumphed over seemingly insurmountable 
obstacles. The result you witness today. You see the most modern 
city in the world. Her tall buildings, builded of granite and steel by 
the sinews of her sons, pierce the blue vault of the heavens and cause 
our breasts to swell with the pride that is the natural heritage one 
feels is his, when those of his kind have won against odds that were 
almost abandoned as hopeless. 

In European cities, at this moment, expected hosts are hostile 
armies bent on a mission of destruction. You are hosts of peace 
who have come here on a mission, having to do with the uplift of 
our fellow deaf. In Europe, the deaf are witnessing nothing but 
devastation. In America, we are ever pushing onward and upward 
on the principle that peace makes for happiness and the sweetness 
of existence. This accounts for your presence here to discuss the 
many problems affecting the general welfare of the deaf of this coun- 
try and the world. 

Again I say, the deaf of this great state and of this beautiful city 
welcome you with open arms. They bid you enjoy the Exposition, 
and they say, as the good old Quaker would say, "Make yourselves 
free." 



The President introduced Mr. E. E. Norton, representing the 
San Francisco Club of the Deaf. 

ADDRESS OF MR. E. E. NORTON. 

(Mr. Milligan reading.) 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : It gives me great pleas- 
ure to second the welcome of those who have spoken to 1 our great 
city by the Golden Gate. San Francisco. As president of the Sphinx 
Club, I extend to you the greetings and good wishes of the deaf of 
San Francisco. We wish that your stay may be very pleasant. 

The Sphinx Club is largely the outgrowth of N. A. D. activities 
in California. It represents what can be done by co-operation. The 
Sphinx Club is by far the largest club of its kind west of the Rocky 
Mountains. With one or two exceptions, it has given more members 
to the National Association than any state in the Union, or all the 
clubs in any state combined. The Sphinx Club has ever been ready 



10 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

to assist the local State Association or the National Association. Its 
members have given their club rooms, their time and their money to 
the success of these Associations. As I now face you I think with 
pride of what they have done and when I think that it is largely 
through the help of the Sphinx Club that you are here today, I feel 
that the members of our club are amply rewarded for their sacrifices 
and their labors. The Sphinx Club stands ready to join the National 
Association under the proposed new amendment to the by-laws of 
the latter. As it has done in the past so is it prepared to do in the 
future. 

Again I say, welcome to our city. 



Mr. Isadore Selig, president of San Francisco Division No. S3, 
National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, welcomed the visitors on be- 
half of his Division. 

ADDRESS OF MR. ISADORE SELIG. 

(Mr. Milligan reading.) 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies. Gentlemen, and Brothers : On- behalf of 
San Francisco Division No. S3, National Fraternal Society of the 
Deaf, I welcome you to the fair city by the Golden Gate, peerless 
San Francisco. You are to be with us for a week. The freedom of 
the city is yours. The N. F. S. D. welcomes the N. A. D. All the 
members of the Local Division of the N. F. S. D. are members of 
the N. A. D. Many of them are also members of the Local Com- 
mittee and have had much to do with the preparations for your re- 
ception and entertainment. The N. F. S. D. and the N. A. D. work 
in different! directions, but their common object is the uplift of the 
deaf. The N. F. S. D. has just concluded a successful convention of 
its delegates in Omaha. San Francisco Division No. 53, the baby 
division of the society, though formed but two months ago, sent a 
delegate East with a cordial invitation to visit the West. Many of 
our Eastern brothers are present here tonight, and I feel that their 
presence is mainly due to the enterprise of the local division. It 
shows a spirit of good-fellowship to see one organization supporting 
another, and while the welcome we extend to fellow members of 
the N. F. S. D. knows no limit, it is no greater than the welcome 
which I, as president of Division No. 53, offer to all members of the 
N. A. D., our guests and friends. 



The response to the addresses of welcome was made by President 
Howard. 

RESPONSE BY PRESIDENT JAY COOKE HOWARD. 

(Prof. Caldwell reading.) 

Ladies and Gentlemen: The Program Committee has seen fit to 
allot to me the pleasant duty of responding to these addresses of 
welcome. If such a duty must be mine, I am glad, .indeed, that it 
has overtaken me here in San Francisco. Other things being equal, 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 11 

the people of California are more human and considerate than are 
the people in many sections of the country and refuse to take them- 
selves so seriously that they give one a pain. I have spent two whole 
days here and have got to the point where I feel like shaking hands 
with every native son and lifting my hat to every fair daughter of 
this fair state whom I chance to meet. 

This occasion is one that is surrounded by unusual circumstances. 
San. Francisco is, this year, a city of congresses, conferences and 
conventions. This announcement that I hold in my hand shows that 
there are 822 of them for the year and that this week alone there are 
66 in session. We appreciate the onerous demands made upon your 
state and city officials in welcoming so many organizations, and yet 
must recognize the humorous situation in which they find themselves. 
They are expected to make all kinds and conditions of men and 
women feel that the people of California, and especially those of San 
Franciso, have an interest in and a sympathy with their line of work, 
and many of these assemblies are diametrically opposed to one an- 
other. They are called upon to welcome the Distillers, the Brewers, 
the Wine Growers, the Beer Bottlers and the Bar Tenders, inter- 
larded with Prohibitionists, Teetotalers, Abstainers, and Temperanec 
Workers. One day they must enlarge upon the benefits and the 
pleasures to be derived from the use of the fragrant weed and the 
next be compelled to hide their fat Havanas behind their backs 
while they expound on the danger of! nicotine. With equal enthus- 
iasm they welcome the Funeral Directors and the Dancing Masters. 
They wax facetious to please the Press Humorists and assume a 
puritanical expression and deportment when they address the May- 
flower Descendants. They smile upon the Girls' Friendly Society 
and the Kings' Daughters and brandish the hatchet with the suffra- 
gettes. They talk to Congresses of Mothers and to Associations of 
Unfettered Maids. They wave on high the flag of each nation in 
turn and say the proper thing at the Negro Farmers' Congress, the 
organizations of the Chinese, the Japanese and the Independent Or- 
der of Red Men. They herd with the big fat Elks, the Moose and 
the Camels and flock with the Owls and the Eagles. They grow elo- 
quent over the benefits of Swine Breeding and eulogize the fragrance 
of the Sweet Pea. They "jolly" the Collegiate Alumni and Alumnae 
and the Greek Letter Fraternities and talk "dry rot" to the Foresters 
and Arbor Societies. They must rush to their dictionaries to find out 
what the Orthodontists, the Palaeontologists, the Suggestive Thera- 
peuticanists, the Proctologists, the Mazdaznanists and other high 
brow organizations stand for and advocate; put on their turtle- 
rimmed spectacles and look wise. About one in ten are organizations 
of women and they must u?et up and shout to be heard. This evening 
they have been trying to make the deaf hear. Verily, I say unto 
you, they are worthy of our deepest sympathy and commiseration. 

On the other hand, it is not so easy for one to respond to these 
addresses of welcome. U one will pause and consider, one will 
realize that out of each of the 822 organizations some one man or 
woman has had to or will have to make a similar response. Each 
one will try and rise to the demands of the occasion, spread himself 
all over the surrounding landscape and make the eagle scream. If 
any one of them can think of anything to say that none of the other 
821 have thought of, and that is appropriate to the occasion, he will 
be something of a genius. They will make California bloom the year 
round as bloometh the rose, day after day the Golden Gate will 



12 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

scintillate in your bright sunshine, the silver moon will reflect its 
beauties on your shimmering waters, and time and again San Fran- 
cisco will arise Phoenix-like from her smouldering ashes. By the 
end of the year these Phoenixes will be fluttering to the ends of the 
earth. This week a flock of 66 of them will probably ascend to the 
azure sky above and we do here and now release our own little bird. 
There will be unanimity among us all in our expressed opinion of 
California and Californians, and, through the repetition of the appre- 
ciation of your splendid qualities of mind and heart may become 
monotonous to you, you must appreciate the fact that, to be truthful, 
we simply cannot help it. None of your eulogists have been or will 
be guilty of fulsome praise. The country over, the energetic as well 
as the hospitable spirit of California is proverbial. The work of the 
California deaf in our own organization typifies this spirit. Two 
years ago California had fourteen members in our Association. To- 
day her membership totals ever 350, and we ask you to note the ar- 
rangements they have made for our entertainment here. 

Another thing on which each speaker' will insist is that his own 
organization is pre-eminently the one particular organization of the 
822 and naturally the one that should receive the most attention and 
commendation. While joining in the chorus of self-laudation, we 
will not claim that we are the largest organization to meet here this 
year; we place quality above quantity. We would not claim to be 
the most "learned," for that would be pedantic, a distinction we will 
willingly leave to others. We may be neither the most gay nor the 
most solemn, but what we do claim is that we are altruistic in our 
aims and endeavors. We are here not to further our own interests, 
but to aid those of our fellow deaf who are less fortunate than our- 
selves and to endeavor to direct hearing parents in the education of 
their deaf children. This we believe we are able to do from the 
cumulation of our own experience both in procuring an edcuation 
and a consideration of what our education has done or has failed to 
do for us in our active life. 

Your Exposition has been planned to present the best experience 
of the past and the best practice of the day in a way that will fore- 
cast better things for the morrow. Your watchward is SERVICE. 

The deaf have suffered and are today suffering from the efforts 
of misguided philanthropists and idealists as perhaps no other class 
of people are now suffering. The good and practical educators of 
twenty years ago are being superseded by theorists who would at- 
tempt the impossible. To make their contentions seem plausible 
they are not always above duping the public. We would be glad to 
believe they are duping themselves. The National Association of the 
Deaf is after practical efforts and practical results in the education of 
the deaf. During the coming week our energies will be bent in this 
direction and our watchword, too, will be SERVICE. 

To you gentlemen, who have so eloquently and so fittingly wel- 
comed us to your state and city, and to those you represent, we ex- 
press our thanks. Your hospitality is put to the acid test this year, 
and, while we rejoice in sharing it with others, we will endeavor to 
bear in mind the unusual demand made upon you all. We hope to 
show you, during our stay here, that your kindness has not been mis- 
placed and by our deliberations in Convention to convince your good 
people that, though the deaf are handicapped, thev are a courageous 
and progressive people, capable of thinking and acting for themselves. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 13 

When we leave and take ourselves 1 to our distant homes in all sec- 
tions of our great country, we will be heralds of all that is good of 
you and of your state and city. 



Mr. Williams, chairman of the Local Committee, made several 
announcements regarding the arrangements by his committee./ 

The President: The meeting stands adjourned until tomorrow 
at 9:00 a. m. 



Tuesday Morning Session 

JULY 20 

SAN FRANCISCO CIVIC AUDITORIUM. 

Called to order by President Howard at 9:25 a. m. 

The invocation was made by the Rev. Dr. James H. Cloud, of St. 
Louis. 

The President: The secretary will now read the Official Call for 
this Special Convention. 

OFFICIAL CALL FOR THE 1915 SPECIAL CONVENTION OF 
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF. 

In accordance with vote taken at the Tenth Convention of this 
Association in Cleveland, Ohio, August, 1913, that a Special Meeting 
be held in San Francisco in 1915, and in compliance with decision as 
to date made by the Executive Committee May 9, 1914, call is hereby 
issued for this Special Convention of the National Association of the 
Deaf to meet in the City of San Francisco, State of California, from 
July 19 to 24, 1915,. Monday to Saturday, inclusive. 

Signed this seventh day of April, 1915, in the City of Duluth, 
State of Minnesota. 

JAY COOKE HOWARD, President. 

(Seal) A. L. ROBERTS, Secretary. 



The President: At our meeting last evening, two gentlemen on 
the program for addresses of welcome were unavoidably detained 
and arrived too late to deliver their addresses. They are with us this 
morning.. If there is no objection, I shall introduce Mr. Rayner, rep- 
resenting Mayor Rolph, of San Francisco. 

Mr. Rayner welcomed the Convention on behalf of Mayor Rolfe 
and the city of San Francisco, in a brief speech, interpreted by Miss 
Marjorie Williams. 

The President:' Mr. A. L. Cowell, Assistant Director of Con- 
gresses, P. P. I. E., will welcome you on behalf of the Exposition 
officials. 



14 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Mr. Cowell said that the Exposition directors appreciated the 
help of the American people in their efforts to fittingly portray the 
progress of the present day. He expressed his belief that the N. A. 
D. was doing a noble work, and extended the welcome of the direc- 
tors of the Exposition to the delegates. 

The secretary read the following letter from Dr. Edward Miner 
Gallaudet, of Hartford, Conn.: 

LETTER FROM DR. E. M. GALLAUDET. 

128 Wodland St., Hartford, Conn., June 21, 1915. 

Dear Mr. Howard: 

****** 

As to an extended message to the Convention, I fear I can hardly 
do anything more than to ask you to give warm greeting from me to 
the members of the Convention, with assurance of my sympathy in 
any efforts they may make for the betterment of the condition of the 
deaf of our country. 

My views as to methods are well known. They have undergone 
no change, and I hope they will find increasing favor as time goes on. 
****** 

Yours very truly, 

E. M. GALLAUDET. 



Dr. Cloud: I move that the the secretary be instructed to wire 
to Dr. Gallaudet the loving greetings of .the members of this Con- 
vention. 

Seconded by Mr. Frisbee. Carried by a standing vote. 

The secretary read a telegram from the Hon. Henry Hawson, 
member of the California State Legislature, expressing regret at his 
inability to be present at the meeting of the Convention Monday 
evening. Telegrams were read, conveying greetings from the Pas-a- 
Pas Club, of Chicago, and from Mr. W. S. Root, of Seattle. 

The President called Fourth Vice-President Howson to the 
chair, and took the platform to deliver his address. 

PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: The Program Committee, 
the Local Committee and the dictates of precedent have conspired to 
make unusual demands upon the president in the matter of assigning 
to him active part in the proceedings of this Convention. To relieve 
him of a portion of this burden, the report of the Executive Com- 
mittee has been prepared and will be made by the secretary, Mr. 
Roberts. This address will, therefore, make no reference to the offi- 
cial acts of the Executive Committee. The treasurer's report will 
show the substantial growth of the Association since the last Con- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF IS 

vention, as well as account for the stewardship of the funds. The 
several active committees will each report through its chairman, and 
you will be able to judge tor yourselves of the results attained. Sev- 
eral things that would come under the head of "Recommendations," 
in the president's address, have been given separate assignments on 
the program and will be treated at length. However, many of the 
things that receive the attention of the president are distinctive to his 
office and of some of these he will try to give you an outline. 

One of the most important and interesting of recent develop- 
ments in connection with the education of the deaf was the stand 
taken by Dr. Henry B. Young, of Iowa, in a paper read before The 
American Academy of Ophthalmology and Oto-Laryngology at its 
meeting in Boston last fall. Dr. Young is a member of the Council 
of the Academy and is recognized as one of the leading Ophthalmolo- 
gists in America. He has had exceptional opportunity to observe the 
speech and lip-reading of the deaf, and is convinced that the practical 
results attained do not warrant the extraordinary expenditure of time 
and money required. He believes that much greater benefit would 
accrue, both to the deaf and to the hearing child, if the hearing child 
were taught to use the sign language while in. school. It would be 
interesting to comment further, but! as Dr. Young is to present the 
subject in person, discussion can be deferred until then. Dr. Young 
has met with the same unfair and intolerant opposition from the 
oralists that most of those who do not agree with them have experi- 
enced. 

Your president was extended a special invitation to address the 
American Instructors of the Deaf in convention at Staunton, Vir- 
ginia. His address on this occasion has been given wide publicity 
and was generally well received by the deaf, although it met with 
severe criticism on the part of some of those directly addressed. It 
was even suggested that it be omitted from the printed proceedings 
of the convention. He now has no apologies for the stand he took, 
nor has he any retractions to make. It may interest you to know 
that his statement that "There are not two schools for the deaf that 
are run on exactly the same lines," met with much objection and was 
branded as "untrue" by one well known superintendent. Bear this in 
mind and refer to page 182 of the March, 1915, issue of The Annals, 
where Dr. Enoch Henry Currier, of New York, is quoted as follows: 
"At the present time, the institutions for the deaf present as many 
varieties as they are in number. No two schools are alike * * *." 
This statement is given as the "consensus of opinion" of the super- 
intendents of the schools for the deaf. 

A feature of the meeting at Staunton should be brought to your 
attention. There was a banquet of the editors and correspondents of 
papers published at the schools for the deaf. Two-thirds of those 
present were deaf and every person present, with the exception of 
one guest, was a past master in the use of the sign language. It 
would seem natural, and the dictates of common courtesy would re- 
quire, that the sign language be used. However, with the possible 
exception of Dr. Argo, of Colorado, every hearing man who re- 
sponded to a toast or took active part in the proceedings insisted 
upon speaking orally. It was necessary for interpreters to convey 
their remarks to the deaf, who felt like strangers at their own ban- 
quet. It might not be out of place to suggest to some of those con- 
nected with schools for the deaf that courtesy, like honesty, is often 
the best policy. If courtesy is not congenital it may be acquired. 



16 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

The fight against the iniquitous Nebraska Oral Law took your 
president to Omaha on two occasions and made heavy demands upon 
his time. The main features of this fight will be covered in a sup- 
plement to the report of the Executive Committee, but one or two 
side lights may prove interesting. The defense of this law was in 
the hands of a Mr. Dafoe, the father of two deaf boys, their mother 
being dead. A bill for equal suffrage to women had just been de- 
feated. Mr. Dafoe aroused much sympathy for his cause by de- 
claring that, on her death-bed, the mother of his boys had requested 
that they be taught by the oral method. We have no fault to find 
with the wish of the mother, but it seems strange that the Legisla- 
ture of Nebraska should refuse suffrage to the live and able-bodied 
women of the state, and permit one dead women to dictate the desti- 
nies of all of the deaf children of the commonwealth, without regard 
to the wishes of their own living parents. In their defense of this 
law the oralists produced a pamphlet giving opinions in favor of the 
law by "Prominent Educators, Parents of Deaf Children, and Gradu- 
ates under the Oral Method." Among the deaf advocating this law 
were but two out of thousands of "our own people." The first, Dr. 
S. G. Davidson, a graduate of a manual school and of Gallaudet Col- 
lege, says the conventions of the National Association of the Deaf 
"are attended by a couple of hundred deaf people," and that the As- 
sociation is "engineered by a very small body of men prejudiced 
against the oral method." At the convention in St. Louis there were 
about 1,000 in attendance, although not all joined the Association. At 
Colorado Springs there were about 400, which was the smallest num- 
ber in recent years. Cleveland saw over 800. At all of these conven- 
tions the delegates were as interested and taking as active a part as 
is now the case at this magnificent gathering. It would be interest- 
ing to see a very small body of men, whether prejudiced or other- 
wise, dictate to this Convention. Dr. Davidson adds that he believes 
the "permanent membership is very small." Before the calling to 
order of this Convention the permanent membership numbered apJ 
proximately 1,500, which goes to show that Dr. Davidson could not 
be well informed on the subject he undertook to discuss, and made 
no effort to ascertain the facts. He is like most of those who affect 
to be "restored to society." He holds himself aloof and has not asso- 
ciated with the deaf outside the class room for .many years, and 
knows practically nothing of their recent development, their tenets 
and aims. In conclusion Dr. Davidson says: "I have been able to 
teach faster, to go further, to get better results in every way with 
oral teaching." Some years ago, on the occasion of a visit to Mt. 
Airy, he undertook to demonstrate this claim of his. He told his class 
a short story, speaking orally, taking painful pains to be clear in his 
enunciation. When through, with a flourish, he ordered the class to 
write out the story and, shades of Confucius, not a single one in the 
class had any idea what he had been talking about! 

Dr. Edward Miner Gallaudet is the champion of the Combined 
System. He founded Gallaudet College, the only college for the deaf 
in the world, where Dr. Davidson graduated. Dr. Davidson attacks 
his entire system of educating the deaf, a system that has raised the 
d . eaf . of America far and away above the orally taught of Europe. 
At its Semi-Centennial, last summer, the college conferred on Dr. 
Davidson the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters. 

Mr. John Addison Mcllvaine was Dr. Davidson's running mate. 
He also is a product of a manual school and of Gallaudet College, 




JAY COOKE HOWARD, PRESIDENT 

National Association of the Deaf 

1913-1917. 




A. L. ROBERTS, SECRETARY 

National Association of the Deaf 

1913-1917. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 17 

and is, as Dr. Davidson was at the time, a teacher at the Mt. Airy 
school. We have Mr. Mcllvaine to thank for explaining some of the 
tricks of oral teachers while exhibiting their pupils. He informs us 
that they have unobtrusive signs for "What," "Where," "When," 
"Which," and the like. If we have the index words of a question it 
is much easier to guess the balance. 

The investigation of the Minnesota school by the State Legisla- 
ture last winter was brought about by peculiar political conditions. 
While the deaf people of the state had no part in inaugurating this 
investigation, they were eventually drawn into it. We would pass 
over the matter without comment but for the fact that Dr. J. N. Tate, 
the superintendent of the school, in an endeavor to make the deaf 
appear narrow and selfish in their views, and discredit them, gave 
out an interview to the Associated Press to the effect that the criti- 
cism of his administration was due to a nation-wide opposition, 
among the educated deaf, to oral instruction. An editorial along these 
lines appeared in the Virginia Guide, from the pen of Mr. G. D. Euritt. 
Such misrepresentation must of necessity arise from either ignorance 
or deliberate untruth and both are equally unbecoming in "educators." 
Practically every large gathering of educated deaf for many years 
has made their position clear as to where they stand in regard to 
oral instruction. They favor it where practical results may be ob- 
tained; they would even favor its use to a limited extent where some 
speech would be gratifying to the immediate relatives of the deaf 
child, although not practical for general use, but they are unalterably 
and most determinedly opposed to sacrificing the education and happiness 
of the deaf child that he may acquire an imperfect and useless speech, 
a speech that, through its harshness and peculiarity, sets him apart 
from his fellow beings much more emphatically than does the mere 
fact of his deafness. 

The Day School Law in Minnesota is worthy of note. All day 
schools established in the state must be conducted under the Com- 
bined System and the age limit of pupils is placed at ten years. They 
must then go to the state school. 

Two very good friends of the deaf have joined out crusade 
against the "oral fad." They are the Rev. Father James Donahoe and 
Mr. C. R. Barns, both of St. Paul. These gentlemen are outspoken 
in their belief that oralism has gone too far. Father Donahoe incor- 
porated a long chapter on the deaf and their education in a recent 
book of his that has had extensive circulation. Like every missionary 
to the deaf, of whatever denomination, whom we have had the pleas- 
ure to meet, Father Donahoe believes that the sign language is an 
imperative necessity for the moral well-being of the deaf. Mr. Barns 
was for years the chief editorial writer of the Pioneer Press. He 
wields a facile and forceful pen. Of late years he has become quite 
deaf and has joined our Association and is, heart and soul, interested 
in our work. He has made an excellent suggestion that will be 
brought to your attention during this Convention. He also has an 
assignment on the program. 

In the matter of Federation, progress has been made; in Cali- 
fornia, we may almost say, perfection has been attained. Practically 
every member of the California Association is a member in good 
standing of the National Association, and practically every member 
of the Sphinx Club, of San Francisco, is a member of both the State 
and National Associations. The California deaf should hold their 



18 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

proud position and give the rest of the country time to follow their 
good example. Branches of the Association have been formed in a 
number of places and they facilitate the collection of dues and keep 
the members interested in the work. Further developments along this 
line are urged. 

There is immediate and imperative need of an Association quar- 
terly or monthly publication to be sent free to every member, to keep 
him in touch with the work of the organization. It should also serve 
as a vehicle of publicity when needed. The secretary will offer some 
suggestions along this line. 

The Association is growing rapidly, and there will have to be 
changes in our by-laws to meet changed conditions. We must have 
an Endowment Fund. A start toward this fund has been made, but 
its purpose is not generally understood. The object of this Fund is 
to provide an income to carry on the general activities of the Asso- 
ciation. Your officers serve without compensation and defray their 
own expenses to and from conventions. The activities of the Asso- 
ciation have grown to such dimensions and its membership has 
reached such a size that it will be necessary to have a paid secretary 
who can devote all of his time to the work. Mr. J. W. Howson is to 
offer a plan along this line and your careful consideration is be- 
spoken for his suggestions. 

Your president wishes to urge that, in order to overcome un- 
favorable situations that may arise in legislative bodies, every one of 
you endeavor to become acquainted with and secure the friendship 
and regard of your public men. Take pains at every opportunity to 
"educate" them to the needs and requirements of the deaf. At the 
last meeting of the California Assembly a bill was introduced that 
would have placed a very great obstacle in the way of the deaf in 
securing employment. Our friends here at once attacked the meas- 
ure and had it so amended that all reference to the deaf was omitted. 

There are cases of misrepresentation in connection with the edu- 
cation of the deaf, we all know, and have made general charges to 
that effect. Our protestations would be more effective if we were to 
expose instances of such misrepresentation. To this end we should 
all be diligent and unrelenting. 

Criticism has been directed against the policy of this administra- 
tion in dismissing inefficient committees. Inasmuch as these com- 
mittees are appointed to do specified work, the president holds that, 
if they do not do the work assigned to them, he has a perfect right 
to dismiss them and appoint others in their stead. If this course 
does not meet with your approval, he will be pleased to have you so 
instruct him here in convention. 

The next election of officers will be by mail vote, and each mem- 
ber will have an equal chance to be nominated for office, and to cast 
his vote for those who are placed in nomination. We would urge 
each member to consider well the record for efficiency of each can- 
didate and cast his ballot for those who are "doers," not "talkers." 
When we meet in Hartford in 1917 to celebrate the hundredth anni- 
versary of the founding of the first school for the deaf in America 
our Association should have a membership of 3,000, and it should be 
officered by energetic and efficient men and women. You have been 
shown that even the most peurile claims and blatant untruths may 
be foisted upon the "general public" if it is first attracted by novelty 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 19 

and then fed with the seemingly superhuman. For some reason 
deafness appears to many as a most awful calamity and the inability 
to speak is deplored. They would give the deaf child speech and lip- 
reading, with or without education, while what the deaf child needs 
is education, with or without speech and lip-reading. To meet and 
combat these misguided philanthropists, these faddists, and those 
who play upon the natural desire of the parent to hear their deaf 
child lisp, even though it be but a word or two, 

"God give us men! A time like this demands 

Strong minds, great hearts, true faith and ready hands; 
****** 
Men who possess opinions and a will; 
Men who have honor, men who will not lie; 
Men who can stand before a demagogue 

And damn his treacherous flatteries without winking! 
Tall men, sun-crowned, who live above the fog 
In public duty and in private thinking.'' 



President Howard resumed the chair. 

Mr. Hodgson: I read a copy of the president's message on the 
train coming to San 'Francisco. President; Howard's work since the 
Cleveland Convention has been progressive. What he has said in 
this message should sink into your minds. Don't go home and for- 
get all about it. In this address, the president has modestly refrained 
from praising himself. His work is a move for liberty, a move for 
instructing the people as to our class. We should endorse it all. 

Dr. Cloud: Mr. Hodgson asks our endorsement of President 
Howard's message. I ask that we give a rising vote, endorsing it. 

The vote was given. 

The President: The treasurer, Mr. Drake, is unable to be pres- 
ent. The treasurer's report will be read by the secretary, Mr. Rob- 
erts. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

(Covering period from Sept. 1, 1913, to July 1, 1915.) 

Expenditures of Treasurer. 

1913. 

Sept. 2 — Express on Treasurer's books $ 1.30 

Sept. 13— Postage 2.14 

Sept. 15 — Express on additional Treasurer's books 1.00 

Oct. 9 — Copying membership list and paper 4.25 

Oct. 10— Ink and paste 15 

Nov. 3— Postage 79 



20 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Dec. 31 — Letter file and card index 9.45 

1914. 

Jan. 10 — Spacers for card index 45 

Feb. 12— Postage 1.00 

Mar. 30— Postage 1.00 

May 7 — Postage 50 

May 11 — Postage 2.75 

May 16— Postage 1.50 

June 9 — Postage 50 

June 29 — Ink pad and three stamps 70 

June 30— Postage 1.00 

July 11— Postage 1.00 

Aug. 26 — Postage 50 

Aug. 28— Postage 3.42 

Sept. 29 — Printing 275 "Annual dues" notices 1.25 

Nov. 15 — 500 sheets typewriter paper and carbons 1.70 

Dec. 7 — Postage 1.00 

1915. 

Feb. 1— Postage 1.00 

Mar. 1 — Typewriting membership list 6.00 

Mar. 3— Postage 1.00 

Apr. 29 — 1200 postal cards for "Annual dues" notices 12.00 

May 11 — Postage .50 

May 14 — Postage 1.50 

May 22— Postage 2.00 

June 8 — Printing 1200 "Annual dues" notices 1.25 

June 8 — 1000 index- cards and printing 3.00 

June 9— Postage 4.00 

June 9 — 1000 postal cards for receipts 10.00 

June 21 — Printing 100 postal card receipts 1.00 

June 24 — Night telegram to W. S. Runde 1.00 

Total $81.60 

Expenditures of President. 

1913. 

Nov. 18 — Postage and stationery $ 6.72 

1914. 

Jan. 12— Postage 4.20 

Feb. 24 — Postage, etc 25.00 

Mar. 4 — Typewriter 20.00 

May 15— Trip to Omaha (Neb. Oral Law) 25.28 

Aug. 27— Attorney's fee for opinion on By-Laws 10.00 

Aug. 27— Trip to Omaha (Neb. Oral Law) 30.00 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 21 

Nov. 16 — Card-index cabinet, cards and guides 10.00 

1915. 

Jan. 2 — Printing and postage 1.10 

Jan. 25 — Neb. Oral Law 25.00 

Feb. 12 — Neb. Oral Law 150.00 

Mar. 29 — Running expenses 25.00 

June 24 — Neb. Oral Law (membership fees) 7.00 

Total $339.30 

Expenditures of Secretary. 

1913. 

Nov. 6 — Typewriter, stationery and postage $ 50.00 

Dec. 1 — Paper, officers and committees 21.20 

1914. 

Jan. 12 — Running expenses 25.00 

Feb. 13 — Cut of Pres. Wilson's message 2.00 

Mar. 17 — Photo of Clev. Con. for Proceedings 1.50 

Mar. 17 — Zinc newstone of above 5.35 

Mar. 17 — First payment on contract for printing Cleveland Pro- 
ceedings 100.00 

Apr. 13 — Postage and envelopes for mailing Cleveland Pro- 
ceedings 50.00 

Apr. 13 — Bal. on contract for printing Clev. Proceedings 247.80 

May 15— Printing 5000 booklets 55.00 

June 23 — Printing letter-heads, etc., for officers and corns.... 7.85 

June 23 — Running expenses 25.00 

Sept. 9 — Paper for officers and corns 6.22 

, 1915. 

Jan. 13 — Postage on Proceedings 16.50 

Jan. 13 — Paper and envelopes for officers and corns 16.56 

Mar. 8— Printing 3000 folders 13.75 

Mar. 8 — Running expenses 25.00 

June 21 — Printing for officers and corns 7.69 

June 24 — Clev. Pro'd'gs (received from contributions) 34.87 

June 29 — Running expenses 25.00 

June 29 — Expenses to San Francisco Con 75.00 

Total $811.29 

Miscellaneous Expenditures. 
1913. 

Sept. 13 — S. M. Freeman, copy work ■ $ 2.00 

Sept. 15— J. S. Long, copy of book given J. D. Rockefeller 2.00 

Sept. 29— J. S. Long, reporting Cleve. Pro'd'gs 53.88 

Oct. 6 — Rev. B. R. Allabough, expenses on Ex. Com 3.45 



22 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Oct. 28 — Rev. J. H. Cloud, expenses on Prog. Com 1.61 

Nov. 20— Sig. Boernstein (2 weeks loan to M. P. Com.) 100.00 

1914. 

Jan. 1 — E. A. Hodgson, printing circulars 3.16 

Feb. 24 — C. W. Charles, printing booklets for Stat. Com 6.00 

Apr. 13 — Rev. E. C. Wyand, expenses Newspaper Com 2.00 

May 12 — J. D. Howard & Co., premiums on bonds 12.50 

May 19 — L. C. Williams, exchange IS 

May 23 — L. C. Williams, expenses membership campaign 4.60 

May 23 — J. W. Howson. expenses membership campaign 13.28 

June 2 — J. W. Howson, expenses membership campaign 1.75 

June 5 — H. L. Terry, stenographic work and postage 1.52 

June 11 — L. C. Williams, exchange 15 

June 23 — R. P. McGregor, expenses Stat. Com 4.93 

June 29 — Rev. Tracy, postage and money-order 10 

Nov. 16 — K. B. Ayers, mimeography for Civil Ser. Com 11.00 

1915. 

Mar. 29 — L. C. Williams, postage, etc 7.62 

Mar. 29— G. S. Porter, printing 2300 circulars 4.00 

Mar. 9 — Mrs. O. H. Regensburg, deficit due her husband (de- 
ceased) as Secretary 5.27 

Apr. 5 — J. F. Meagher, expenses Impostor Bureau 35.00 

Total $275.97 

Receipts. 
1913. 

Sept. 11— Rec'd from former Treas. Freeman $ 559.15 

Dec. 6— Refund from Mov. Picture Com 100.00 

1914. 

Jan. 24 — Clev. Local Com 199.07 

Apr. 1 — Interest 5.08 

May 29— Mr. Washburn (Neb. Oral Law) 5.00 

June 8— Dr. J. L. Smith (Neb. Oral Law) 1.00 

June 8— V. R. Spence (Neb. Oral Law) 1.00 

June 9— A. J. Eickoff, for Clev. Pro'd'gs 25 

Oct. 1— Rev. B. R. Allabough, for Clev. Pro'd'gs 50 

Oct. 1 — Interest 4 21 

Dec. 10— Rudy Stuht, for Clev. Pro'd'gs ... .10 

1915. 

Mar. 9— Mrs O. H. Regensburg (per husband, deceased), 
bal. plus interest from Col. Spgs. Con. Printing 

Com 15.27 

Mar. 27 — Bal. from Clev. Local Com 20.99 

Apr. 1 — Interest 5 43 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 23 

June 24 — Contributions sent to Sec'y for Clev. Pro'd'gs 34.87 

Rec'd from membership fees 761.00 

Rec'd from annual dues 365.50 

Total $2,078.47 

Recapitulation. 

Treasurer's expenditures $ 81.60 

President's expenditures 339.30 

Secretary's expenditures 811.29 

Miscellaneous expenditures 275.97 

Total $1,508.16 

Total receipts $2,078.47 

Total expenditures 1,508.16 

Balance on hand July 1, 1915 $ 570.31 

H. D. DRAKE, Treasurer. 

The President: As the vouchers, receipts, etc., connected with 
the treasurer's report have not been sent, I would suggest the ap- 
pointment of an auditing committee composed of members residing 
in Washington to go over the report. 

Mr. Greener: This is a special meeting of the Association, and 
we can do nothing with this report. We should require the treas- 
urer to make a report for the full four years of his term at the Hart- 
ford Convention in 1917. 

The President: No motion is before ihe house. 

Mr. Greener: I move that we file the treasurer's report, without 
auditing it, and require the treasurer to report for the full four years 
at the 1917 Convention. 

The Pesident: The motion is seconded by Mr. Frisbee. Debate 
is now in order. 

Mr. Wright: I think we should adopt the president's sugges- 
tion. It would be more businesslike to do so. Four years is too long 
a time without having a full report from the treasurer. 

Mr. Howson: Before we vote on this question, I wish to know 
just what is involved therein. On the whole, I think we had better 
follow Mr. Howard's suggestion. 

Mr. McCook : I do not agree with Mr. Greener. It is not business- 
like to postpone consideration of this report. The delay may lead to mis- 
takes and misunderstanding. We should have this report audited, and 
let the treasurer report the transactions of the next two years at Hart- 
ford. 



24 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Mr. Greener : I made this motion merely to save time and labor. 
We may safely take the officers' word for the truth of their reports, 
and also in the case of committee reports. At Hartford, the treasurer's 
accounts can be gone over for the entire four years. I do not see the 
necessity of doing this twice. There is no likelihood of the treasurer 
resorting to dishonest practices. 

Mr. Hodgson : Banks have to show daily balances, but not this As- 
sociation. I think it best to leave the report till 1917. 

Dr. Cloud : As the auditing committee may be composed of Wash- 
ington members, let them work. This will entail no extra labor on our 
part. It would be best to have this auditing committee appointed. Let 
us keep constantly at the heels of our receipts and expenditures. It 
would be wise to follow Mr. Howard's suggestion. 

Mr. Laughlin : There is a legal distinction between a regular and a 
special convention. We should postpone action on this report till the 
regular convention in 1917. If we have this report audited and accept 
it, it may lay us open to the suspicion that we have railroaded things 
through at this special meeting. 

Dr. Cloud: I believe it was I who made the motion at Cleveland 
for this special convention. The idea was that we meet here without 
any election of officers, but transact all regular business, as at other 
conventions. 

Mr. Frisbee: I think consideration of this report should be post- 
poned until 1917. Mr. Greener is right and I agree with' him in his 
view of the matter. 

The President: Thisi is not a question of one report, but of sev- 
eral. This is an important question for you to settle, whether we 
shall transact the regular business of this Association or not. 

Mr. Williams: When I accepted the position of chairman of the 
Local Committee the president assured me that this would be a reg- 
ular business meeting. I have proceeded in accordance with this idea. 

The President: Dr. Cloud has explained exactly as to what was 
done at the Cleveland Convention. All regular business was to be 
transacted, except the election of officers. This program calls for 
officers' reports. 

Mr. Frisbee moved to vote on Mr. Greener's motion. Vote being 
taken, the motion was defeated. 

Mr. Wright moved that the president appoint a committee in 
Washington to audit the treasurer's report. Seconded by Dr. Cloud. 
Carried. 

The President: The secretary will now read the report of the 
Executive Committee. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 25 

REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

(From September. 1913, to July, 1915.) 

By order of the president, each officer and member of the Exec- 
utive Committee was given jurisdiction over a section of the country, 
as follows: 

Mr. Axling: Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming. 
Mr. Carrell: Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma. Mr. Frankenheim: 
New York City, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware. Mr. Harris: 
Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana. Mr. Roberts: 
Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri. Mr. O'Rourke: 
Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massa- 
chusetts. Mr. Taylor: North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia. Mr. 
Williams: California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona. Mr. Greener: Ohio, 
Indiana, Kentucky. Mr. Glover: South Carolina, Georgia, Florida. 
Mrs. Lashbrook: Northern New York. Mr. Waters: To assist Mr. 
Williams in his territory. Mr. Drake: Maryland, District of Colum- 
bia. Mr. Howard: Minnesota. North Dakota, South Dakota, Wiscon- 
sin and Michigan. 

Each officer and committeeman in charge of a section appoints 
state organizers, and the organizers appoint assistants in their states. 
The assistants report to the organizers, and the organizers to the 
president. All appointments must be ratified by the president. 

The following summary will show the work done by the Exec- 
utive Committee. The motions were submitted through the secre- 
tary, and the votes taken and results announced by him: 

Motion No. 1. Dec. 2, 1913. Providing for the secretary to pur- 
chase paper and envelopes at wholesale, and have all printing for 
officers and committees done at the Kansas School for the Deaf. 
Passed unanimously. 

Motion No. 2. Dec. 16, 1913. By Mr. Frankenheim, making the 
president and the secretary a sub-committee on finance, with power 
to make orders on the treasurer for sums up to $50. Passed. 

Motion No. 3. Dec. 20, 1913. By Mr. Williams, providing for 
the secretary to print small pamphlets, envelope size, to be used in 
advertising the N. A. D. Passed. 

Motion No. 4. Dec. 20, 1913. Reducing the Newspaper Com- 
mittee from five to three members, to facilitate the business of the 
committee and save expense. Mr. Frankenheim opposed. Mr. Axling 
not heard from. Passed, six in favor. 

Motion No. 5. Feb. 15, 1914. Ratifying agreement between the 
secretary and the Independent Publishing Co., of Olathe, whereby 
the latter agreed to print 1,200 copies of the Cleveland proceedings 
at $1.85 per page. Passed. 

Motion No. 6. Feb. 15, 1914. Appropriating $20 with which to 
purchase a typewriter for the use of the president at his residence. 
Passed. 



26 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Motion No. 7. March 11, 1914. By Mr. Carrell, approving with 
thanks the report of the Cleveland Local Committee. Passed. 

Motion No. 8. April 12, 1914. Sending President Howard to 
Omaha to confer with the deaf and others regarding the Nebraska 
Oral law. Mr. Frankenheim opposed. Carried, 7 to 1. 

Motion No. 9. May 9, 1914. Appropriating funds, not to exceed 
$100, to start the campaign in Nebraska against the Oral law. Mr. 
Frankenheim opposed. Mr. Carrell declined to vote. Mr. O'Rourke 
not heard from. Carried, 5 to 1. 

Motion No. 10. May 9. 1914. Designating the date of the special 
convention at San Francisco as July 19-24, 1915. Passed. 

Motion No. 11. May 18, 1914. Authorizing the Gallaudet Monu- 
ment Committee to invest the fund in its hands at the best possible 
rate of interest, consistent with safety. Mr. Frankenheim opposed. 
Carried, 7 to 1. 

Motion No. 12. June 1, 1914. By Mr. Frankenheim, requiring 
the secretary, in putting motions, to furnish name of mover. Messrs. 
Frankenheim, O'Rourke and Williams approved. Lost, 5 to 3. 

Motion No. 13. July 18, 1914. By Mr. Frankenheim, directing 
that subscription papers be not circulated, by mail or in person, ex- 
cept by permission of the Executive Committee. Messrs. Franken- 
heim, Harris, O'Rourke and Williams approved. Messrs. Axling, 
Carrell, Taylor and Roberts opposed. Tied. 4 to 4. Sent to presi- 
dent to cast the deciding vote. . The president asked Mr. Franken- 
heim to resubmit the motion in a clearer and more definite form, but 
stating that nearly all the members of the committee considered the 
motion unnecessary. The matter was dropped, and no further action 
taken. 

Motion No. 14. Aug. IS, 1914. By the secretary, authorizing the 
president to attend the convention of the Nebraska Association of 
the Oeaf in Omaha, Aug. 20-22, for the purpose of perfecting a plan 
of action against the Oral law. Mr. Frankenheim declined to vote. 
Mr. O'Rourke not heard from. Passed, 6 in favor. 

September 20, 1914, Mr. Frankenheim resigned from the Execu- 
tive Committee. 

Motion No. 15. Nov. 10, 1914. By Mr. Axling, appropriating 
$100 to print 5,000 copies of the chapter on "The Social Status of 
the Deaf" in Father Donahue's book, "The Scope of Charity." (Mo- 
tion held up for discussion, and vote taken Jan. 20, 1915.) Messrs. 
O'Rourke and Root approved. Messrs. Carrell, Harris, Roberts. 
Taylor and Williams opposed. Lost, 5 to 2. 

In January, Mr. W. S. Root succeeded Mr. Axling, resigned. 

Motion No. 16. Jan. 20, 1915. By Mr. Williams, authorizing the 
president to spend an additional $100 in the fight on the Nebraska 
Oral law. Passed unanimously. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 27 

Motion No. 17. Jan. 30, 1915. By Mr. Williams, directing the 
treasurers of the General and Endowment funds to furnish the Exec- 
utive Committee with statements of the condition of their funds at 
intervals not to exceed three months. Passed. 

Motion No. 18. Feb. 23, 1915. By Mr. Williams, allowing the 
San Francisco Local Committee to transfer $250 from its funds to 
the treasury of the Committee of Five of the California Association 
of the Deaf. Mr. Taylor declined to vote, considering it a matter for 
the Local Committee to decide. Carried, 5 in favor. 

In February Mr. O'Rourke resigned from the Executive Com- 
mittee. 

Motion No. 19. March 8, 1915. By the secretary, appropriating 
$35 for the use of the Impostor Bureau. Passed. 

Motion No. 20. April 10, 1915. By Mr. Williams, proposing that 
Mr. James W. Howson be appointed to succeed Mr. Wj L. Waters, 
resigned, as fourth vice-president. Mr. Carrell opposed because he 
thought committee had no authority in the matter. Carried, 5 to 1. 

In May, Rev. John H. Keiser was appointed to the committee to 
fill the place made vacant by Mr. Frankenheim's resignation, and 
Mr. W. G. Durian succeeded Mr. O'Rourke. 

Motion No. 21. May 31, 1915. By Mr. Harris, appropriating $75 
to help defray the secretary's expenses in attending and reporting 
the San Francisco convention. Passed unanimously. 

THE NEBRASKA ORAL LAW. 

(Supplement to the Report of the Executive Committee.) 

The second legislative fight to have repealed the unjust Oral law 
in Nebraska was waged in the 1915 session of the state legislature. 
The effort was unsuccessful, but it is felt that considerable head- 
way has been made in arousing interest in the case. 

Preparations for this effort to repeal the law began with Presi- 
dent Howard's visit to Omaha April 24-27, 1914. On this trip Mr. 
Howard succeeded in interesting several prominent men in Omaha, 
who promised to aid in the coming fight. He made another trip 
to Omaha August 20-22, 1914, and was present at the sessions of the 
Nebraska Association of the Deaf. At this meeting the Nebraska 
Association passed strong resolutions condemning the Oral law, and 
elected a board of officers pledged to help repeal the law. 

The Executive Committee of the National Association of the 
Deaf appropriated $200 out of the General Fund to help in this fight. 
In addition to this, literature was printed and sent to the governor, 
legislators and others in Nebraska. Bills for printing and postage 
on this matter are not shown herein, but are included in the secre- 
tary's accounts. 



28 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

The work in the legislature to have the law repealed is described 
in the report to President Howard of Mr. Wm. E. Davis, manager 
of the Omaha Gas Co., who had general charge of the work: 

REPORT OF MR. WM. E. DAVIS. 

Omaha, Nebr., June 15th, 1915. 
Hon. Jay C. Howard, President, 

National Association of the Deaf. 

Dear Sir: I beg to submit to you the following report of the 
fight against the Nebraska Oral law. 

The fight by the deaf of Nebraska and their friends throughout 
the country to repeal the unjust law placed upon the statute books of 
the state four years ago, making the oral method the exclusive 
method of instruction at the Nebraska School for the Deaf, prac- 
tically began with your visit to Omaha in the spring of 1914. Though 
your visit then was only something of a reconnoitery you saw enough 
of the lay of the land at; that time to know just what we were up 
against. In the first place, Nebraska is unfortunate in that the deaf 
of the state are not solidly behind the efforts of the better element 
among them to have this legislation removed. Though apparently 
united, you were able to see that there were several in the city of 
Omaha who were not with us as they should have been. To this, 
probably more than to any other cause, is to be attributed the re- 
grettable result. 

The National Association undertook to aid the State Association 
in every practical way. The sum of two hundred dollars was ad- 
vanced for the fight. This, however, was not half enough to enable 
those fighting the law to successfully cope with the other side, which 
seemed to have been well supplied with cash. 

The Board of Control in its report to the governor touched upon 
the matter of methods. They candidly admitted that they did not 
claim to have sufficient knowledge to speak with authority in the 
matter of methods, but boldly and repeatedly denounced the law as 
being, in their opinion, unwise. They also suggested that it be 
amended. 

While in Omaha you had the good fortune to meet quite a num- 
ber of influential citizens, and induced them to enter the fight as a 
matter of humanity. Through their zeal and co-operation we were 
able to enlist the sympathy and aid of the entire Douglas County 
delegation to the legislature on our side, and though we did not win 
this time, we learned a lot which will be of material value to us 
when we come back again, as come back we will and must, until we 
have won in what is right and necessary for the welfare of the un- 
fortunate deaf children of the state. It is not well to give out all 
the things we have learned, as our enemy, the oralists, might profit 
by our knowledge. It is sufficient to say that if only the people of 
Nebraska knew the deceit and dishonest methods employed in this 
fight, and how some of the legislators bowed to those/ who had the 
means and influence, they would rise up as a unit and demand that 
something be done to check the shameful conditions. It is a dis- 
grace to Nebraska s fair name, and every editor in Nebraska should 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 29 

feel it a personal duty to help checkmate the evil. Every minister 
should preach it from the pulpit until the wrong is righted. 

However, here are a few things that will interest the deaf of the 
country and their friends, and show them just where our "good 
friend," Mr. Booth, whom the 1. p. f. and others have been defending 
as having nothing to do with the conditions, but who is "only doing 
his duty in enforcing the law," stands and has stood for the past four 
years. 

To begin with, it will be necessary to state that Mr. Dafoe, who 
with three or four other parents was instrumental in having the law 
placed on the statute books, decided to run for the legislature in 
order to be better able to look after the interests of the oralists. 
Singularly enough, he was successful both in the primaries and at 
the general election. Not only this, but he was successful in having 
himself placed on the committee of the whole and seems to have 
enjoyed rather unusual influence for a new man, in so far as this 
particular law was concerned. If anyone should doubt how well Mr. 
Dafoe employed himself and the time for which he was paid by the 
state in looking out for the interests of the oralists, these remarks 
from none other than the governor himself ought to be convincing. 
Seeing a crowd of workers with a friend of his, the governor wanted 
to know what it was they were after. On being told, he remarked 
that they did not realize what a combine they were up against. He 
said that Representative Dafoe had exchanged everything he had for 
this one thing and that there was no question: but that the oralists 
had plenty of money at their command. This claim seems to have 
been borne out by facts. The oralists had from three to six helpers 
there all the time and extras on special occasions. Quite a number 
of representatives remarked that we had the better of the argument 
and that they were convinced that we were in the right, but that they 
had pledged their vote in advance to Dafoe, and had to stay by their 
promise. The governor told our workers that it seemed to him al- 
most impossible to try to do in a few days what Dafoe had been 
giving every minute of his time to accomplish for the past forty days. 
He also remarked that Dafoe had taxed his patience almost to the 
limit on the matter of the oral law. 

Notwithstanding all this, our workers made good headway, and 
would have won in spite of all had they been accorded fair treat- 
ment. It seems that we had been believed until the moneyed in- 1 
terests were brought in by our "devoted friend," F. W. Booth, who 
is "only doing his duty to enforce the law, as he understands it." 
For instance, when the fight was at its hottest and the pendulum 
seemed to be swinging to our side, Mr. G. W. Wattles, president of 
the Omaha Street Railway, and Mr. C. N. Dietz, a rich lumberman, 
both old schoolmates of Booth, were brought in, not to give expert 
testimony, but to use their influence for an old friend — a friend be- 
fore the welfare of the little unfortunates of the state, mark you. 
C. N. Dietz even went so far as to go to Lincoln and threaten the 
Hon. Mr. Richmond, who introduced our bill, telling him that if he 
did not stop the progress of our bill he would tell him "where to 
get off." Mr. Richmond, however, stood pat. He told Mr. Dietz he 
knew what he was doing, that he had investigated both sides of the 
question, finding that he was right, and that in this] case neither he 
nor Mr. Booth, nor any other power, could intimidate him. Thus 
was the nefarious thing pulled through — "our friend," Mr. Booth, the 



30 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

son of deaf parents, the heroes of the money power, and the few 
misguided and fanatic parents, all contributed to force the little help- 
less deaf children into the oralists' slaughter. 

The first work our force had to do was to win over the Douglas 
County delegation. Practically every one of them was on our side, 
and they stood nobly by their pledge. One, Hon. John I. Negley, 
went so far as to investigate critically the matter of methods before 
entering the field of fight. He corresponded with Dr. GaUaudet, Dr. 
Hall and other eminent educators. He was thoroughly convinced 
that we were in the right. However, we had no more loyal supporter 
in the house than Mr. Richmond. 

I do not wish to mention the names of a number of devoted and 
high-minded men and women of Omaha and Lincoln and of other 
towns throughout the state, who were disposed to help us in the 
fight. And they are anxious for another "inning" with the foe. When 
the final story of this fight is written — when we shall have triumphed 
over the powerful moneyed combine that has downed us three times 
— then we will have a story to tell that will cause the deaf of the en- 
tire country to carve on marble the names of the great and good 
men and women who unselfishly gave both time and money to help 
an unfortunate class of fellow citizens. We would include in this 
class Hon. D. M. Dwyer of Plattsmouth, Neb., a former member of 
the board of trustees of the Nebraska School for the Deaf, who gave 
his time and service free, only taking pay for his expenses. Mr. 
Dwyer is a good lawyer and, as he was a member of the board during 
Mr. Booth's first year or two as superintendent, he saw enough of 
"pure oralism" to satisfy him. I should not forget to mention the 
good services rendered by Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Hurt, the former presi- 
dents of the State Association and the State Alumni Association, 
respectively. Though it was incumbent upon them to fight in this 
matter, yet they did more than was expected of them. Their serv- 
ices should recommend them to the love and the gratitude of not only 
the deaf of the state, but of the entire country. Mr. Hurt was fear- 
less and aggressive to the end of the fight. I wish to mention also 
that many parents of deaf children and other friends fought until 
the bitter end. It is most encouraging for the future to see how 
these friends stood by us. It ought to make the few disloyal and 
weak-kneed among the deaf blush with shame the way these friends 
stood up and fought with us. 

At one time in the fight a representative challenged us to pro- 
duce a list of all the parents of pupils now at the school who 
favored the combined system. He promised to help us out if we 
could show a larger proportion favoring the combined system. After 
a careful listing, it was found that over one hundred parents of deaf 
pupils now attending the school favored the combined system. One 
gratifying fact this listing revealed was the large number of parents 
who have come over to the combined system within the past two 
years — parents who two years ago were fighting for the exclusive 
oral method. 

One of the first clashes our Mr. Richmond had was when he out- 
generaled Mr. Dafoe and had our bill put in the hands of the Educa- 
tional Committee instead of the Committee on State Institutions, to 
which Mr. Dafoe had elected himself. Dafoe tried unfair means 
and, when Richmond was absent, had the bill sent to his committee 
on misrepresenting the situation. Richmond got him by the collar 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 31 

and dragged him up before the speaker, where they settled the mat- 
ter there and then. The bill was sent back to the Educational Com- 
mittee and Dafoe began to weep and say he wanted to preserve the 
law out of the memory of his dead wife, who was most active in se^ 
curing its passage. We thought the speaker of the house was with 
us up to the last day, when it was only too evident that he was not. 
Dafoe also was permitted to enter the Educational Committee when 
our side was being heard and order persons about in a most dis- 
courteous and outrageous manner. It was at one of these meetings 
when he was being urged by friends to compromise that he made 
the declaration that he would not compromise one single jot; that 
he intended to fight this fight until he had won out in Nebraska; 
that then he intended to carry the fight to other states, and that he 
would keep it up until he had made every state school in the Union 
a pure oral school. This shows the plans of the oralists. 

Our side had the largest and best showing at every meeting. 
"Our gental friend," F. W. Booth, "doing only his duty in enforcing 
the law as he saw fit," was on hand with the oralists at every fight. 
It was when he was absent from his post of duty, fighting one of 
these fights, that the large boys' cottage caught fire and was dam- 
aged. _ Another person who was before the committee, urging their 
retaining the law, was a Mr. W. O. Hendee, the husband of one of 
our oldest manual teachers, who is still employed at the school and 
is teaching a manual class. Mr. Hendee got up before the committee 
and made signs — not signs as made by any deaf person, but dis- 
torted signs — then proceeded to make fun of them. It seems that 
our friend, Mr. Booth, going against the judgment and wishes of his 
board of control, had even planned to take a class of deaf children 
to exhibit them, so disastrously was the fight proceeding against 
them. It remains to be mentioned that there were cases where 
parents seated with the oralists would get up and come over to our 
side and join in the fight to help us. 

Several important lessons have been learned from this fight 
which, as I said before, I do not care to make public at this time. 
One thing stands out clearer than all else — we were handicapped 
from the start by lack of finances, and to succeed we must begin now 
to plan for money for the purpose. The oralists must be checked, 
and they must be dislodged from where they have already secured a 
foothold. Therefore, I most earnestly urge that the National Asso- 
ciation formulate plans for securing sufficient funds to fight the 
oralists two years from now. I also suggest the deaf in Nebraska 
hold a state convention at their earliest convenience and formulate 
plans for the raising of funds in the state. I would like to suggest 
that all State Associations throughout the country be appealed to to 
raise funds and enable us to concentrate our fight upon the repeal 
of the Nebraska Oral law. This is to the interests of the deaf of 
other states, in view of Dafoe's declaration. We urged Superintend- 
ent Rothert, of the Iowa School for the Deaf, to help us at the crit- 
ical moment of our fight, insisting that the declaration of the oralist 
faction, with which Mr. Booth was closely associated, freed him from 
all obligations he might have fell! to keep out of the fight. But he 
seems to have feared to do so, on account of his son's position. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WM. E. DAVIS. 



32 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

EXPENSE ACCOUNT OF MR. DAVIS. 

Feb. IS— Rec'd from Treasurer Drake $150.00 

Donation by a friend 10.00 

Expenses D. O. Dwyer, Lincoln trip $ 18.00 

Typewriting 1.00 

F. G. Davis, expenses, stamps and carfare.. 5.00 

W. E. Davis, expenses, postage, carfare 2.50 

Telegram to D. O. Dwyer at Lincoln 25 

Feb. 20 — Expenses D. O. Dwyer, Lincoln trip 18.00 

Feb. 22 — Expenses A. L. Hurt, Lincoln trip 5.00 

Feb. 23 — Mrs. Hurt, R. R. fare, Lincoln and return.. 2.20 

Mrs. Hurt, expenses at Lincoln 1.50 

Mr. and Mrs. F. G. Davis, expenses Lincoln 

tr 8.00 

Mrs. V. D. Liely, R. R. fare, Lincoln and ret. 2.20 

Mrs. Liely, 'phone calls Omaha 1.08 

Mrs. W. E. Davis, R. R. fare, Lincoln and 

ret 2.20 

Parlor car (with legislators) 50 

Feb. 25 — Twelve meals 3.50 

Mrs. W. E. Davis, street car fare 40 

Win. E. Davis, fare, Lincoln and return 2.70 

Jas. Jelinek, lodgings and meals 3.40 

Feb. 26 — Mrs. W. E. Davis and Mrs. Liely, parlor car .50 

W. E. Davis, meals and entertaining 4.00 

W. E. Davis, street car fares, Lincoln 1.15 

Incidentals (cigars, legislators) 1.00 

Postage and special delivery stamps 60 

Feb. 27 — D. O. Dwyer, expenses two Lincoln trips .... 36.00 
Typewriting (Omaha) 1.60 

Mch. 1— Mrs. W. E. Davis, Mrs. Liely, R. R. fare, 

Lincoln 2.70 

W. E. Davis. R. R. fare, Lincoln 1.35 

Meals, Mrs. Davis 45 

Mch. 3 — W. E. Davis, hotel two days 4.00 

W. E. Davis, D. O. Dwyer, meals two days 4.00 

Typewriting lists, bills, etc., Lincoln 3.60 

Meals, Mrs. Davis and Mrs. Liely 1.80 

Street car fares, Lincoln 70 

W. E. Davis, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Liely, R. R. 

fares 4 05 

Mrs. Liely, telephone (Omaha) 36 

Mch. 9— Outside telephone calls (list sent) 17.39 

Totals. . $162.68 $160.00 

Balance due Mr. Davis 2.68 

$162.68 $162.68 

EXPENSE ACCOUNT OF MR. HURT. 

Rec'd from the N. A. D $25 00 

Collected by Theo. Kellner '. . '. ' ' '. '. '. '. '. ' 12 !oO 




The Special Train, Union Pacific Railroad. 

Now, when drawn by vast achievements, 

Which unite two mighty oceans, 

Shortens distance, expands commerce; 

Thousands haste to see the union — 

Oft declared "Impossible! 

A mad dream of reckless minds." 

We, too, come to see the marvels, 

See what God and men have wrought. 




nirrrmr-r 








State Capitol, Sacramento. 

In our days of normal childhood 
Oftentimes we heard the name, "California.' 
Heard it when adventurous people, 
Pioneers, old friends, and kindred, 
Yielding to the lure of gold. 
Crossed the plains, a dangerous journey 
Past the horrible "Death Valley," 
In historic "Forty-nine." 




Santa Clara Valley Scene. 

Then the orchards round the country, 
Miles on miles of beauteous blooms, 
Filling all the air in Springtime 
With their various perfumes. 
Pledges of fine fruits which later 
Green and golden, side by side, 
Interspersed with odorous blossoms 
Now having gracefully maturing. 



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-»•-!■• **''•'. t^t . . 'Til - «•» V. P.. ' " 

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Wild Flowers, California. 

Garden flowers, oh ! acres, acres, 
Every color, every shade, 
Roses grand in size and fragrance, 
Queen of all, in clumps, and hedges, 
Poppies in vast fields, so lovely 
That lone tourists strain their eyes. 
Looking for One, who died pleading, 
•Meet me, dear, in Paradise!" 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 33 

From a friend 5.00 

From a friend 1.50 

Membership fees collected by Mr. Hurt 7.00 

Postage, Mullin and Hurt $16.00 

Expenses, Oct., 1914, to Jan., 1915 14.60 

Ptg. S00 eps., 1,000 letterheads, etc 7.75 

Postage, etc 6.50 

Expenses, Jan. to March, 1915 17.15 

Totals $62.00 $50.50 

Balance due Mr. Hurt 11.50 

$62.00 $62.00 
RECAPITULATION. 

RECEIPTS. 

Appropriated by the N. A. D $200.00 

Collected by Mr. Kellner 12.00 

By friends, through Messrs. Davis and Hurt 16.50 

Fees used by Mr. Hurt 7.00 

Total , $235.50 

EXPENDITURES. 

Through Mr. Davis $162.68 

Through Mr. Hurt 62.00 

Total $224.68 

Total receipts $235.50 

Total expenditures 224.68 

Balance $ 10.82 

Submitted for the Executive committee. 

A. L. ROBERTS, 

Secretary. 

Mr. McNeilly moved to approve the report. Seconded by Mr. 
Glover. Carried. 

The President: The report of the Program Committee is now 
in order. The printed program is a sufficient report. What shall we 
do with it? 

Mr. Wright: I move that we follow the program as printed. 
Seconded by Mr. Frisbee. Carried. 

The President: The report of the Committee on printing the 
Cleveland proceedings will be read by the secretary. 



34 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRINTING PROCEEDINGS OF 
THE TENTH (CLEVELAND) CONVENTION. 

Bids for printing the Proceedings of the Tenth Convention at 
Cleveland, Ohio, August, 1913, were received from Smith, Bristol & 
Phillips, of Flint, Michigan, and from The Independent Publishing 
Co., of Olathe, Kansas. Identical bids of $1.85 per page, for 1,200 
copies, were received from both companies. The contract was awarded 
to the Olathe firm for the sake of convenience. 

The report, as printed, is probably the most comprehensive of 
any so far issued by the Association, which accounts for the high 
cost. The book contains 188 pages, counting inserts. 

Contributions of ten cents or more were asked of all members 
to help defray cost of printing and postage. A number generously 
responded, a list of whom was printed in the official paper. 

Postage rates were based on parcel post charges, as 8 oz. was 
the limit on book matter at flat rates, and the report weighed 12 oz. 
This made extra work for the secretary, as almost every copy sent 
out had a different rate of postage. The average rate was about 8 
cents a copy, with the exception of those sent to California, on which 
the average rate was nearly 12 cents a copy. 

The financial statement follows: 

RECEIPTS. 
1914 

Mar. 20— From Treasurer Drake $100.00 

Apr. 17— From Treasurer Drake 247.80 

Apr. 17 — From Treasurer Drake 50.00 

1915 

Jan. 15 — From Treasurer Drake 16.50 

Contributions by members 34.87 

Checks from treasurer to pay: 

Pach for Rockefeller group $1.50 

For cut, Rockefeller group 5.35 

For facsimile Wilson message 2.00 8.85 

Total receipts $458.02 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

Printing Report. 

1914 

Mar. 20— Advanced Independent Publishing Co $100.00 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 35 

Apr. 18— Paid balance due, 188 pp. at $1.85 a page 247.80 $347.80 

Miscellaneous Expenses. 

Feb. 7— Photo, Rockefeller group $ 1.50 

Feb. 7 — Cut, Rockefeller group 5.35 

Feb. 7 — Facsimile, Wilson Message 2.00 

Apr. 4 — Printing 1,200 circulars to members 1.50 

Apr. A — 1,250 large Manila envelopes 7.46 17.81 

Telegrams. 

Mar. 6 — Night letter from Regensburg $ .75 

Mar. 17— Night letter from Regensburg 1.10 1.85 

Mar. A — Night letter from Hanson 90 

Mar. 14 

to 
Mar. 28 — 4 Night letters from Hanson at 75 cents.... 3.00 
June 12 — Money order on above payment of $3.00.... .05 3.95 

Postage. 

1914 

Apr. — Postage on 750 copies report to members.. $ 58.03 
to — Postage, on 165 copies to Calif, members... 17.07 

Jan., — Postage on 131 copies to libraries, etc 10.55 85.65 

1915 ■ 

Total disbursements $457.06 

RECAPITULATION. 

Total receipts $458.02 

Total disbursements 457.06 

Balance on hand $ .96 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. L. ROBERTS, Chairman, 
J. SCHUYLER LONG, 
JAY COOKE HOWARD, 

Committee on Printing. 

Mr. Frisbee moved to accept the report. Seconded by Mr. I. 
Selig, and carried. 

The President: As no member of the Codification Committee is 
present, Mr. Wright will read the report of the committee. 



36 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CODIFICATION. 

The Committee to codify the By-Laws was authorized by the 
Cleveland convention to codify the By-Laws, rearrange and correct 
them in accordance with the changes and additions made at the 
Cleveland convention. 

The work of the committee is to be seen in the By-Laws as re- 
vised and published in the report of the Cleveland convention, pages 

165 to 170. 

T. F. FOX, 

J. M. STEWART, 

OLOF HANSON, 

Committee. 

Mr. McNeilly moved to accept the report; seconded by Miss Wil- 
son; carried. 

The President: Mr. Hodgson is on the program to read a paper 
on "The National Association of the Deaf, Past, Present, and Fu- 
ture." Mr. Hodgson will take the platform. 

Mr. Hodgson: I have no paper. When the Committee on Pro- 
gram notified me of this I protested, but the Committee put me down 
on the program anyway. 

The President: As Mr. Hodgson has no paper and has given his 
reasons, we will proceed with the program. 

Mr. Williams made announcements concerning the photograph 
of the convention, Fraternity night, and the Muir woods outing. 

Adjourned at 12:10 P. M., to meet at 2:00 P. M. 



Tuesday Afternoon Session 

JULY 20 

SAN FRANCISCO CIVIC AUDITORIUM. 

Called to order by the President at 2:15 P. M. 

The President: The report of the Committee on Educated Deaf 
Day at the 1914 convention of American Instructors of the Deaf is 
now in order, but as no member of the committee is present, the re- 
port will be read by the secretary. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EDUCATED DEAF DAY. 
The Committee on "Educated Deaf Section" of the Convention 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 37 

of American Teachers of the Deaf begs leave to report that it has 
performed its work. 

The Convention met at the Virginia School for the Deaf, Staun- 
ton, June 26-July 2, 1914. The afternoon of the first day was assigned 
to our section. 

Jay Cooke Howard spoke on "Methods of Deaf-mute Instruc- 
tion"; Alex. L. Pach on "Industrial Instruction for Pupils"; James E. 
Gallaher not being present, his paper on "Moral and Social Develop- 
ment of Pupils'' was not read but ordered printed in the proceedings. 

It was a good idea to have the Association represented thus a} 
the Convention and also speak and take part in its program. It 
would be well for the Association to tender a like invitation to the 
Convention in the future, or to exchange fraternal greetings in person 
with the Convention. 

PHILIP J. HASENSTAB, 

GEORGE T. DOUGHERTY, 
ALBERT BERG, 

Committee. 

Mr. McNeilly moved acceptance of the report; seconded by Miss 
Bradley. Carried. 

The President: The Gallaudet Day committee has not submitted 
any report, as called for in this program. The report of the Endow- 
ment Fund Trustees, through the treasurer, Mr. Hubbard, will be 
read by the secretary. 

REPORT OF ENDOWMENT FUND TREASURER. 

Receipts. 

1913. 

Aug. — Cash contributions at Cleveland $20.75 

1914. 

Mar. 7— From Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Eickhoff 5.00 

Mar. 7 — From Cleveland Local Committee 500.00 

Mar. 7— From B. B. Sheffield, through Mr. Howard 10.00 

Apr. 9 — Transferred to fund by Treasurer Drake 240.36 

May 30—1913 Gallaudet Day contribs. through Mr. Eickhoff.. 113.91 

July 1 — Interest on deposits 9.53 

1915. 

Jan. 1 — Interest on deposits. . .' 18.35 

Feb. 6— Collected 1914 Gallaudet day by Mr. Meagher 6.55 

Feb. 13— Contribs., J. H. Cloud $1, Willis Hubbard $10 11.00 

June 16 — Contribs. voted by Mich. Ass'n of Deaf 25.00 

July 1 — Six months' interest on deposit 18.59 

Total on deposit July 1, 1915 $979.04 

WILLIS HUBBARD, 

Treas. Endowment Fund. 



38 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

We, the undersigned members of the National Association of the 
Deaf, residing in Flint, Mich., examined Treasurer Hubbard's account 
books July 3, 1915, and found his statements given above correct in 
every detail. 

JAMES M. STEWART. 

E. MORRIS BRISTOL, 
FRED A. LAWRASON, 

Auditing Committee. 

This will certify that the amount to the credit of Willis Hubbard 
in the Endowment Fund of the National Association of the Deat 
July 1, 1915, was $979.04. 

A. G. BISHOP, Pres., 

Genesee County Savings Bank. 
Flint, Mich., July 3, 1915. 

The President: This report shows that the Endowment Fund 
Committee has added practically nothing to the endowment fund. It 
appears that it is time for the injection of new blood into this com- 
mittee. We should at this time have at least $4,000.00 in the fund. 
Mr. Hubbard, as treasurer of the fund, has nothing to do with the 
raising of money for the fund. Messrs. Veditz, Eickhoff and Todd, 
as the Committee on Endowment Fund, are responsible, for the rais- 
ing of money. 

Dr. Cloud moved to accept the report; seconded by Miss Cox; 
carried. 

The President: Next on the program is the report of the Civil 
Service commission. This is a long report. Chairman Allalsough is a 
thoroughgoing man. He has made a very full report of the activities 
of his committee. As we have two gentlemen on the program wait- 
ing to make addresses, I suggest that the reading of the Civil Service 
report be deferred until a more convenient time. 

The suggestion was adopted by common consent. 

The President: The program calls for several fraternal addresses. 
Principal L. E. Milligan will speak as the representative of the Con- 
vention of American Instructors of the Deaf. 

ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL MILLIGAN. 

Mr. President and Members of the National Association of the 
Deaf: President Percival Hall, the worthy successor of the distin- 
guished Edw. M. Gallaudet, has asked me to extend to you fraternal 
greetings from the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf. 
Also, if Miss Elizabeth Peet is not present, to add those of Gallaudet 
College. There are many great deaf teachers in our Association. 
The fondest and most cherished memories that you hold of your 
school days doubtless cling around some deaf teacher you have had. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 39 

My own progress I attribute largely to the deaf men at Gallaudet 
who labored to make me a successful teacher. I shall always be 
grateful to Ballard and Dennison and Draper and Hotchkiss of the 
College for their patient instruction and kindly advice. To the deaf 
men in the state schools with whom I have worked, I owe much; to 
Freeman of Georgia, one of the' noblest men in the profession; to 
the brilliant Veditz of Colorado, and the late Philip Brown of Mon- 
tana, and last but not least to our own well beloved d'Estrella. 

There is now a younger generation of deaf teachers growing into 
full strength and maturity, whose names will some day appear on 
the roll of honor. In our state schools the deaf teachers are the salt 
which gives school life its savor. 

Any mention of the question of methods at any gathering of the 
deaf gives an opening for a hot fight. I am not among those cranks 
who think that pure oral teachers have horns and cloven hoofs. 
Many of these teachers are good friends of mine. We have one of 
the most capable of these oral teachers in charge of the San Francisco 
day school, Miss Alma Chapin. She is a sister of Mrs. Sylvia Chapin 
Balis, whom you all know. Miss Chapin understands the sign lan- 
guage and knows deaf children. She has sent me some of her chil- 
dren who need the advantages that the State School can offer. I 
have sent her several beginners that we did not have room for. I 
have never found that a knowledge of the sign language did an oral 
teacher any particular harm. In fact, this knowledge is a distinct 
advantage in aiding the teacher to get at a correct understanding of 
the deaf child's heart and mind. I would prefer that all our oral 
teachers understood signs and could use them if the occasion de- 
manded it. 

The question of time never seems to bother the pure oralists. 
They have all the time in the world and with admirable patience re- 
peat and repeat until the child is worn out if the teacher isn't. If 
one of our school buildings were on fire and I wanted a hose quick, 
the question of time would cut some figure. Should an oral pupil 
happen by and could not understand the spoken request to bring the 
hose, I should not hesitate to make the pupil understand my order 
in vigorous signs. 

There is considerable difference of opinion among the members 
of the National Association of the Deaf on the question of methods. 
We all agree that every deaf child should be given all the speech 
training that will be of benefit to him. There are a number of pure 
oralists among our members, but I believe a good majority still hold 
to the motto that was laid down some time ago: "Any method for 
good results, all methods and wedded to none." 

The President: I am sure we all appreciate Mr. Milligan's speech. 
I hope he will be as outspoken and frank when he addresses his as- 
sociates of the Convention of American Instructors. 

Dr. H. B. Young, of Burlington, Iowa, a good friend of yours, 
is here on the platform. Dr. Young thinks it wiser to teach the sign 
language to hearing people than to waste time and money trying to 
teach the deaf by the pure oral method. I will ask Dr. Young to 
make a few remarks. 

Dr. Young made a short extempore address, in which he tx- 



40 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

pressed himself as being a staunch upholder of the sign language of 
the deaf, and in hearty accord with the aims and purposes of the 
Association. He was roundly applauded. 

The President: The program calls for fraternal addresses from 
representatives of the N. F. S. D. and the Knights of De l'Epee, but 
as no representatives seem to have been delegated by these organ- 
izations, we will now listen to a paper by Mr. W. S. Runde. 

WHAT THE FAR WEST OFFERS TO DEAF PERSONS SEEK- 
ING EMPLOYMENT, HEALTH, SOCIETY 
AND HOME. 

By Winfield S. Runde. 

The paper assigned me this afternoon is not an easy one to handle. 
Yet I should be able to do so, in a way, because for some years past 
I have given the matter more than passing thought. 

I have often thought of the condition of the deaf in the large 
cities of the eastern states. Some are holding down lucrative posi- 
tions and even positions of great responsibility. Butthe rank and 
file of the deaf, no doubt, find competition a very serious drawback 
to any endeavor that is likely to give them a living wage. 

In former times it was not so difficult for the deaf to obtain em- 
ployment even in avenues where at present their physical handicap 
debars them. Modern devices, used extensively in the business world, 
have shut out the deaf and narrowed down their field of usefulness 
considerably. Those that still qualify for places among commercial 
pursuits are exceptional people. They make up for their deafness in 
other ways. They excel in intellect. They are resourceful, tactful, 
skilled. Their employers are considerate. They have studied^ their 
man and feel that they can not do without him. They retain his 
services in spite of his inability to hear. But there are not many 
normal men who are considerate enough to think of the possibilities 
of the deaf man. Their one thought is physical perfection so _ that 
there shall be no delay in the rapid and safe handling of their business 
interests. We can not justly blame them for their attitude. Sell 
preservation is the first law of nature. It seems to be a selfish idea, 
but if their course is justified, what can the deaf do? No self respect- 
ing deaf person wants things to drift to the time when a charitable 
public, finding their avenues of subsistence cut off through the grasp- 
ing tendencies of the age, has laws passed granting them pensions. 
It goes without saying that the deaf man of today is able bodied, in- 
telligent and fit in every way (except so far as deafness may actually 
prevent^ the transaction of oral communications where other means 
are an impossibility") to take up many lines of activity in the hearing 
world. We have hundreds of examples of such success to point to 
as precedents. The deaf gathered here today are all independent. 
All havei succeeded against odds. It is likely that, thrown on their 
own resources, the deaf will continue to eive a good account of them- 
"ly« «« their respective communities. They only need a fair chance. 
This chance is the West where many profitable enterprises are open 
to those who will work and have the oatience to await the oppor- 
tunity to deal the master stroke that will bring to a happy realization 
the reward that before was but a dream. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 41 

The West is often alluded to as the manless land. We need 
more people out here. We do not need them in the cities, unless 
they have money. Where a man has capital, our cities offer excep- 
tional opportunities. There are many dormant enterprises that could 
be made to return handsome dividends on the investment. In this, 
opportunity awaits alike the hearing man and the deaf man. There 
is no discrimination. Good judgment and the necessary experience 
of course are essential. 

In the small towns, and in the agricultural districts especially, 
the deaf man's chances run very high. In such places he soon be- 
comes known to the entire population. In that way he comes to be 
respected and patronized. If he is wise, he will improve his oppor- 
tunity which comes in a thousand different ways. After having once 
established himself, the deaf man need never worry. 

California, Washington and Oregon are the nation's hope. Their 
fertile valleys, their excellent harbors, their delightful climate will 
eventually attract millions of homeseekers. The opening of the Pan- 
ama Canal is bound to shift the population of the world. The war in 
Europe has created chaos. America's magnificent poise during the 
struggle has won the admiration of non-combatants. Many of these 
will no doubt hereafter distrust European countries. In the sifting 
process that the world is about to undergo, the wealthier and sturdier 
classes of people will find their way to these western states in large 
numbers. Their money will open up our neglected industries and 
promote a prosperity unprecedented in the history of any nation. 
Agricultural, lands, which now are unproductive because we have no 
men to work them, will be tilled and made to blossom to orchard* 
and pour forth the wealth that for ages has lain dormant within 
them. Climatic conditions are so favorable that crop failures are 
almost unknown. Each region has its rainfall, peculiarly adapted 
to the particular crop that best thrives in that locality. In some 
places irrigation is necessary, but the crops from these sections are 
generally abundant and profitable. Several of the well-to-do deaf 
farmers of California, farmers who have fine homes and all necessary 
outbuildings, electric lights, modern bath tubs, automobiles for truck 
and pleasure, are irrigationists. They tell me that they do not care 
to sell their farms at any price. With modern conveniences, they are 
able to enjoy a full measure of happiness. Formalities of society are 
unnecessary. If they long for the companionship of those who are 
similarly afflicted, they always manage to have their desires satisfied. 
Education banishes loneliness, for this class of deaf people are gen- 
erally passionately fond of the newspapers and books and magazines 
that tend to keep alive in them the doings of the great world around 
them. 

I have not attempted to advise which kind of farming holds out 
the best inducements. That is left to the judgment of those contem- 
plating such an investment. . In California, the deaf are engaged in 
all kinds of farming in all parts of the State. 

With a total land area of approximately one hundred million 
acres, California necessarily has different soils, climate", rainfall, etc., 
so that an investor virtually has his pick of crops. 

There are several large orange and lemon growers among the 
deaf in the state. They are all enjoying handsome profits. One of 
them enjoys the reputation of being an expert in his line. While 
his neighbors manage to get fair yields, his trees are invariably 



42 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

loaded to their fullest with the largest variety of the kind. He has 
been so successful that he is called a wizard. His fruit is shipped 
East to the best markets. It is usually bought on the tree, the buyer 
paying the cost of picking and packing. 

As in California, the same favorable opportunities for the deaf 
man (who is desirous of making good, who wants a home, favorable 
climate, healthful location and good society), obtains in Oregon and 
Washington. Oregon has her famous Hood River fruit country 
where the finest strawberries and apples in the world are grown. 
Washington is none the less famous in the production of apples and 
vegetables. Her Yakima Valley is known wherever apples are eaten. 

In any of these states, any one with a desire to become inde- 
pendent may do so. He will find it hard at first and must come pre- 
pared to do pioneering, but if he has the necessary amount of cour- 
age backed by sufficient cash, there is no reason why success should 
not crown his efforts. And as to this matter of money_ as a necessary 
means to success, let me emphasise that without capital it would be bet- 
ter for the deaf to remain where they are. Discouragement generally 
overtakes the man who has no cash. Ruin then inevitably follows 
and life becomes a failure. 

While our cities hold out inducements to the skilled deaf, it is 
far better for them to become identified with small towns where they 
may become acquainted with all the people and even attain to some 
prominence. The deaf make good clerks and good bookkeepers if 
they are given a chance. They excel in the trades and in the pro- 
fessions. In all of these the West offers inducements. .But after all 
it is the vast area of neglected, fertile land that is calling to_ the deaf, 
for as farmers the deaf make a better living and their physical hand- 
icap is not a bar to the realization of a full measure of success. 

Nature always responds if you give her a lift. God has put into 
each human hand a magic wand that, when touched, yields what is 
desired if it is within the limitations of that particular person. What 
each one must do is to discover in him this gift, and, having discov- 
ered it, to make good use of it. The deaf have not been overlooked. 
They are endowed as are others. They simply must get out of 
crowded fields and strike out for places where equal opportunity 
awaits all. 

The west is before the bar. Try her. 

The President: The paper is open for discussion. 

Dr. Cloud: Back to the farm is excellent advice and always in 
order. Farming unquestionably is an occupation in which hearing is 
not essential. But if country life is often lonely for those able to 
hear, it is likely to be much more so for the deaf. As a general thing 
country folks are fluent and ready enough talkers with their tongues, 
but when it comes to carrying on a conversation by other means, as 
they usually must with deaf neighbors, they are apt to find it too irk- 
some to be attempted when not absolutely necessary. The kind of 
society which the deaf mostly crave is to be found chiefly in cities. 
As long as state schools for the deaf, for the most part, give in- 
struction in city trades, it is hardly to be expected that any consid- 
erable number of the deaf will seek country life after their school 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 43 

days have ended. In proportion as the schools give practical in- 
struction in farming, gardening, fruit culture, live stock and poultry 
raising, and the like, the deaf will heed the call of the farm. At the 
present time the Colorado school seems to be leading in the matter 
of giving practical instruction in country occupations. Many of the 
schools for the deaf are located in or near cities on sites having in- 
sufficient land. As a result, they are unable to give instruction that 
will qualify pupils for country vocations. California is a wonderful 
state with a soil and a climate adapted to the growth of almost any- 
thing, but its school for the deaf is crowded among the foothills 
with scarcely level space enough for a decent ball ground. Better 
turn the present school over to the blind and erect an entirely new 
educational plant for the deaf on a farm of several hundred acres in 
the famous Santa Clara valley visited the other day. 

Mr. McNeilly: Farming is one of the best industries for the 
deaf in the world. They should be encouraged to take it up when 
they leave school. 

Mr. Frank: The San Jose Valley here in California offers great 
opportunities for the deaf farmer. The Santa Clara Valley also. The 
deaf can equal the successes of the hearing farmer. One man with 
five acres here in California can become independent, even wealthy. 
I know one man who studied botany, and now his flowers bring him 
a handsome income. Chicken raising and fruit growing also offer 
opportunities for the deaf farmer. 

The President: New business is now in order. 

Mr. Meagher: Perhaps the N. A. D. would like to send a dele- 
gate to the Convention of the American Institute of Criminal Law 
and Criminology, which meets at Salt Lake City August 16. This 
Institute is trying to secure uniform legislation in all the states, and 
it might be a good idea to get the assistance of this body in our ef- 
forts to secure impostor laws in all the states. The institute has 
extended us an invitation to send a delegate. 

The President: Will some one make a motion to this effect? 

Mr. Meagher: I move that this Convention instruct the Presi- 
dent to send a delegate to this Convention, and that we go on record 
as favoring uniform legislation in all the states regarding impostors. 

Seconded by Mr. Glover. Carried. 

The President: As the motion does not make provision for the 
expense of sending a delegate, and it is hardly possible we could af- 
ford to pay such expenses, I will select Mr. Melville John Mathies, 
of Salt Lake City, to take up this matter with the Convention there, 
and, with the co-operation of Mr. Meagher, he can place before the 
Convention the desires of this body as regards uniform legislation. 



44 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Rev. Mr. McCarthy: I wish to speak for our deaf people in New 
York. I spoke at the conventions in Colorado and Cleveland. From 
the time of the Colorado convention I have been trying to make the 
Nad stronger by my writings and speeches. This body is perhaps 
the greatest of all bodies of the deaf. At this Convention there is 
one thing I wish to speak about. I am surprised to find on the pro- 
gram that the banquet is set for Friday. Poor Catholics must go 
hungry on that day. There are 20,000 deaf Catholics in the United 
States. Maybe it is not too late to change the date of the banquet. 

The President: If we had thought of that we would not have ar- 
ranged for the banquet on Friday. 

Mr. Howson: If we had known of this before, we could have 
had the banquet on Tuesday instead of Friday. I let Mr. D'Estrella 
select either Tuesday or Friday, and he chose the latter day. I never 
once thought about Catholics not eating meat on Friday. But it is 
now too late to make any change. 

The President: Surely we had no intention of hurting the feel- 
ings of good Catholics. 

Mr. Howson made announcement concerning the trip to Muir 
woods. 

Adjourned at 3:50 P. M. 



Tuesday Evening 

JULY 20 

THE BALL. 

Tuesday evening the delegates and their friends enjoyed a ball 
at the Native Sons of the Golden West building. The ball-room was 
handsomely decorated with blossoms and flowers for which Califor- 
nia is famous, arranged in streamers above the dancers. Refresh- 
ments were served by members of the Local Committee. 



Wednesday 

JULY 21 

MT. TAMALPAIS AND THE BARBECUE. 

Wednesday was given over to an all day outing in Muir woods. 
The members of the Association enjoyed an early morning trip 
across the Golden Gate. At the ferry a special train was in readiness 
to take them through the redwoods to Mill Valley. Most of the 
party elected to take the cars in making the ascent of Mt. Tamalpais, 
but a few hardy spirits made the climb on foot. 

Arriving at Muir woods, guides were furnished to lead the party 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 45 

through the winding paths and over natural or rudely constructed 
bridges, into the heart of the cool, fragrant woods, where the giant 
trees tower toward heaven. In a clearing amid the big trees, cooks 
were discovered at work upon the repast for the day. The glow of 
the embers in the pit was visible to the delegates on the paths above, 
and the odor of cooking viands increased the appetites of the crowd, 
already whetted by the walk and the surroundings. 

The following menu was served, to which all did ample homage: 

Menu. 

Hot Barbecued Beef Tomato Sauce 

Frijoles Mexican Hot Sauce 

Bread and Butter Coffee 

Ice Cream 



Thursday Morning Session 

JULY 22 

SAN FRANCISCO CIVIC AUDITORIUM. 

Called to order by the President at 9:15 A. M. 

Invocation by the Rev. Mr. Moylan. 

The President: The Secretary will read the minutes of the pre- 
vious sessions. 

Dr. Cloud: I move that we suspend reading of the minutes. 
Seconded by Mr. Meagher. Carried. 

The President: Dr. Cloud will read the report of the Civil Serv- 
ice Committee prepared by Chairman Allabough. 

REPORT OF THE CIVIL SERVICE COMMITTEE. 

The time since our appointment has been a period of preparation 
and organization; a time of numerous schemes far from being ac- 
complished. And yet much has in fact been done toward successful 
and efficient centralization. The future has great opportunities and 
possibilities, and if the measures that have been undertaken are car- 
ried out our Association will become a great power for good. The 
better our plans are known the more the deaf in general appreciate 
the value of membership in the Association. 

At the outset we believed that we should not confine our work 
to Civil Service, but rather branch out into a larger field where the 
vast majority of the deaf make their own living. So we have been 
enlarging the scope of the Committee's activity so as to help not 



46 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

only those seeking Government positions but also those seeking em- 
ployment elsewhere. What little experience we have had proves 
that this is a step in the right direction. The fact that Liability Act 
or Compensation Act affects the deaf in many quarters shows the 
necessity of looking after their interests so that they shall not suffer 
on account of the most recent employment laws. We have found 
out that prejudice still prevails against the deaf where they seek em- 
ployment, and it has been our aim and effort to overcome this 
obstacle. 

For the purpose of procuring co-operation on the part not only 
of the Committee but also of the deaf in general, Local Committees 
have been appointed to serve as free employment bureaus in their 
respective localities. They have not yet had sufficient opportunity 
to show their usefulness, but it is our hope that the coming two years 
will bring about results highly beneficial when a complete report is 
submitted at Hartford. 

The most important measure that is now before us is a bill now 
pending in Congress for the creation of "a bureau for the Deaf and 
Dumb in the Department of Labor." The bill was introduced in the 
U. S. Senate by Hon. Moses E. Clapp and in the House of Repre- 
sentatives by Hon. James Manahan, both of Minnesota. The Senate 
bill is numbered 4722 and the House bill 15217. The credit for this 
important measure belongs to Mr. A. R. Spear, of Minneapolis, who 
also drafted the bill to create a Bureau for the Deaf, which has been 
passed by the Minnesota Legislature and approved by the governor. 

From Hon. James E. Martine, of the U. S. Senate, who has charge 
of the bill, we learn that no definite action has been taken owing to 
pressure of business, but he promises to use his influence for the 
adoption of the bill. 

At the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf held at 
Staunton last summer the Rev. J. H. Cloud, D.D., submitted the bill 
and asked the Convention's endorsement. The matter was referred 
to a sub-committee composed of that reverend gentleman, Chair- 
man, Dr. Harris Taylor, of the New York Lexington Avenue School, 
and President A. H. Walker of the Florida School. The Committee 
gave the bill careful consideration and reported it back to the Con- 
vention after suggesting a few changes in the wording. The bill 
as returned by the Committee was unanimously endorsed by the 
Convention. 

For your as well as the Association's perusal we present the 
bill as approved by the Convention in its entirety: 

(Senate BUI No. 4722. House Bill No. 15217). 

T ° o™Vc e rihin^ U th aU ^- th i Dea r in the De P«tment of Labor, and 
prescribing the duties thereof. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 47 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America, in Congress assembled, that there 
shall be created a bureau for the deaf in the Department of 
Labor. 

Sec. 2. That said bureau shall be in charge of a competent 
person who shall have had experience in the education of the deaf, 
or who has acquired knowledge of the deaf through association with 
them in the world, and who knows their requirements. He shall be 
a man who knows and can use the sign-language and manual alpha- 
bet used by the deaf. He shall be designated as chief of said bureau 
for the deaf. 

Sec. 3. That it shall be his duty to study the industrial condi- 
tion of the deaf throughout the United States. He shall keep a 
census of such persons, gather statistics, facts, and information that 
may be useful and helpful to promote the industrial condition of 
said people in life and to lessen the hardships incident to their mis- 
fortune. 

Sec. 4. That he shall make a thorough and painstaking inquiry 
and study of the trades and industries and occupations that are most 
suitable for the deaf to engage in, and shall use his best efforts to 
promote their advancement in such occupations and protect them 
in their rights to employment when unjustly discriminated against 
on account of their deafness. 

Sec. 5. That he shall gather statistics as to the earning capacity 
of the deaf. He shall gather information and facts as to whether 
the deaf are more liable to injury when working in shops and fac- 
tories than hearing persons. He shall obtain statistics as to the 
value of property owned' by the deaf in the United States. He shall 
study the trades taught in schools for the deaf in the United States, 
and shall co-operate to the fullest extent possible with the superin- 
tendents of said schools for the purpose of comparison and study, 
with a view of promoting efficiency and the teaching of such trades 
or vocations, so far as practicable, as his investigations may prove 
desirable. He shall study rural or farm life of the deaf, to deter- 
mine the suitability or practicability of such vocation as compared 
with occupations in cities. 

Sec. 6. That he shall study thoroughly and impartially the in- 
dustrial methods in use in the education of the deaf. To that end he 
shall co-operate, so far as possible, with the various schools for the 
deaf. He shall co-operate with the adult deaf in the world and 
gather information and facts based on results as shown in the 
schools; and the object and purpose of such investigation and study 
shall be to promote the material welfare of the deaf. He shall ob- 
tain and keep on file books, papers, magazines, pamphlets, and all 
other publications available relative to the industrial status of the 
deaf. He shall endeavor to enlighten the general public, by means 
of reports and bulletins, on any mistaken ideas relative to their 
earning capacity or industrial condition, and he shall endeavor to 
correct misinformation or misstatements about their liability to in- 
jury or disability due to deafness that may be brought to his atten- 
tion. He shall do everything possible to enlighten the general pub- 
lic, and shall warn the public against unscrupulous people who im- 
pose upon the public as deaf for the purpose of obtaining charity. 

Sec. 7. That he shall study the cause of deafness with a view 



48 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

to determine if any proper measure can be taken for its prevention, 
by diffusing knowledge of its nature and cause among the people. 
He shall co-operate, as far as possible, with the parents of deaf chil- 
dren in any measure looking towards their trade or occupation. 

Sec. 8. That he, or his agent, shall travel from time to time to 
cities and places in the United States, as may be necessary in mak- 
ing investigations and gathering statistics. He shall issue bulletins 
and reports from time to time giving information covering any 
phase of his work. Copies of such bulletins shall be furnished schools 
for the deaf, associations of the deaf, educators, employers, parents 
of deaf children, and all persons who may apply for same. 

Sec. 9. That, so far as possible, he shall gather statistics of 
the industrial condition of the deaf in foreign countries. 

Sec. 10. That for his services he shall receive the sum of $5,000 
a year and necessary traveling expenses in the discharge of his 
duties. 

Sec. 11. That all subordinate employees that may be appointed 
to this bureau from time to time shall be, so far as practicable, deaf 
people. 

Sec. 12. That this Act shall take effect and be in force on and 
after its passage and approval. 

The American deaf should read and study this measure care- 
fully, and write to their representatives in both Houses of Congress, 
urging them to vote for its passage. It means very much to the 
deaf in the future. 

Local Civil Service Committee. 

Up to date the following Local Civil Service Committees have 
been appointed: 

Alabama. For the State— J. H. McFarlane, Chairman, School for 
the Deaf, Talladega, and J. W. McCandless. For Birmingham— A. M. 
Bell, care of C. F. Bell and Company. 

Arkansas. For the State— J. H. Eddy, School for the Deaf, Little 
Rock. 

California. For Berkeley— Winfieid S. Runde, 62 Panoramic Way. 
For Los Angeles— Mrs. Laverna Wornstaff, 1228 Ingraham Street. For 
San Francisco— Isadore Selig, 15 Winfieid Avenue. For Santa Monica- 
Mrs. Alice T. Terry, 918 Seventh Street. 

Colorado. For the State— John C. Winemiller, School for the Deaf, 
Colorado Springs. 

District of Columbia. For the District— W. P. Souder, Chairman, 
U. S. Census Bureau, Washington, D. C, and E E. Bernsdorff. 

Connecticut. For the State— Edward P. Clarke, 284 Asylum Street, 
Hartford. 

Georgia. For the State— Percy Ligon, care of Bird Printing Com- 
pany, Atlanta. For Atlanta— Mrs. C. L. Jackson, 176 E. Georgia Avenue. 
•, J?^' F i? r th . e Sta te— J. Schuyler Long, School for the Deaf, Coun- 
cil Bluffs For Council Bluffs— Mrs. Augusta K. Barrett, R. F. D. No. 
2, and I. J. Wittwer. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 49 

Illinois. For Chicago— The Rev. F. A. Moeller, S. J., Chairman, 
1080 W. 12th Street, and F. A. Johnson. 

Indiana. For the State— Albert Berg, Chairman, 610 E. 32nd Street, 
and Robert Binkley. For Richmond and vicinity — Earl M. Mather, Spring 
Grove, Richmond. 

Kansas. For the State— E. H. Mcllvain, Chairman, School for the 
Deaf, Olathe, and Miss Bessie B. MacGregor. 

Kentucky. For the State — Max N. Marcosson, School for the Deaf, 
Danville. For the State School — Mrs. Max N. Marcosson, same address. 

Louisiana. For the State— The Rev. H. Lorraine Tracy, Chairman, 
917 Asia Street, Baton Rouge, A. J. Sullivan and Miss Margaret Hauberg. 

Maryland. For the State— The Rev. E. Clayton Wyand, Keedys- 
ville. For the State School — George H. Faupel, School for the Deaf, 
Frederick. For Baltimore — The Rev. Daniel E. Moylan, 740 W. Fayette 
Street. 

Massachusetts. For the State— Philip Morin, SO Linden Street, 
Chicopee Falls. 

Michigan. For the State— Jas. M. Stewart, 408 W. Court Street, 
Flint. For Northeastern Michigan — E. M. Bristol, Chairman, Flint, Fred 
A. Lawrason and Miss Bertha F. Hamilton. For Western Michigan — 
Martin M. Taylor, Chairman, Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, Route 8, and 
Mrs. M. M. Taylor. For the State School— Clyde Stevens, 911 Grand 
Traverse Street, Flint. For Detroit— H. B. Waters. Chairman, 529 Vine- 
wood Avenue, John G. T. Berry and Mrs. Gertrude E. M. Nelson. For 
Port Huron — Miss Alice Ladley, 1010 Lincoln Avenue. 

Minnesota. For the State— Anton Schroeder, 2172 Carroll Street, 
St. Paul. For the State School — V. R. Spence, Chairman, School for the 
Deaf, Faribault, John J. Dohney and Miss Edith Vandegrift. For Duluth 
— Benjamin F. Round, Chairman, C. E. Torrell and Benjamin Ursine. 
For the Twin Cities (St. Paul and Minneapolis) — The Rev. James Don- 
ahoe. 

Mississippi. For the State— S. W. Harris, School for the Deaf, Jack- 
son. 

Missouri. For the State— Peter T. Hughes, School for the Deaf, Ful- 
ton. For St. Louis — Arthur O. Steidemann, Chairman, 4139a Carter Av- 
enue, W. H. Schaub and Miss Annie M. Roper. 

Montana. For the State — Louis S. Day, Chairman 1 , Boulder, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Kemp. 

Nebraska. For the State— Waldo H. Rothert, School for the Deaf, 
Omaha. 

New Jersey. For the State— George S. Porter, School for the Deaf, 
Trenton. 

New Mexico. For the State— J. B. Bumgardner, Chairman, Box 41, 
Santa Fe, and Miss May Thornton. 

New York. For the State— Dr. Thomas F. Fox, Station M, New York 
City. For New York City— The Rev. John H. Keiser, Chairman, 511 W. 
148th Street, Louis A. Cohen and Mrs. Moses Heyman. For Buffalo — 
Henry A. Slater, 296 S. Division Street. For Rome— Mrs. Annie S. 
Lashbrook, 713 N. Madison Street. 



SO ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

North Carolina. For the State — Robert S. Taylor, R. R. No. 2, Box 
8, Mt. Olive. 

Ohio. For Akron — Ralph L. Dknn, Chairman, 965 So. Main Street, 
and M. J. Grimm. For Alliance — Wm. F. Durian, 243 Haines Avenue. 
For Bellaire — S. W. Corbett, Chairman, 2215 Seneca Street, and Mrs. S. 
W. Corbett. For Canton — A. A. Monnin, Chairman, 818 Cherry Avenue, 
N. E., and Mrs. A. A. Monnin. For Cincinnati — Louis J. Bacheberle, 
Chairman, 2421 Moerlein Avenue, John Bov and Miss Annie Phillips. 
For Cleveland — Mrs. A. W. Mann, Chairman, 10021 Wilbur Avenue, S. 
E., David Friedman, C. R. Neillie, and Herman Koelle, Jr. For Dayton — 
Miss Mamie Gross, 24 E. 22nd Street. For Lima — David E. Thomas, 121 
N. Cole Street. For Niles — Dan M. Reichard, 603 N. Cherry Street. 
For Piqua — Ray M. Black, Chairman, Piqua, Oren Riddle and Bessie 
Riddle. For Springfield — J. E. Pershing, 525 W. Southern Avenue. For 
Toledo — Miss Elsie E. Lang, 325 Avalon Place. For Wadsworth — Frank 
M. Bauer, 129 Mills Street. For Warren — Miss Delia F. Brown, Mulligan 
Road. For Youngstown — Mrs. Terrence Feine, 660 Joseph Street. 

Pennsylvania. For Pittsburgh — George M. Teegarden, Chairman, 
469 Ella St., Wilkinsburg. F. A. Leitner, John M. Rolshouse, Misses 
Euna Boyd and Margaretta Bracken. 

Washington. For the State — Mrs. Olof Hanson, 4747 Sixteenth 
Ave., N. E., Seattle. 

Several other places are to be heard from yet, and additional com- 
mittees will be announced in the Deaf-Mutes' Journal. 

The following circular of instructions has been forwarded to 
every Local Committee: 

Instructions to Local Civil Service Committees. 

In order to extend the scope of the Civil Service Committee of 
the National Association of the Deaf, Local Civil Service Committees 
are appointed. 

There are many who need to be assisted to jobs and positions 
other than to those handed out by the Government. 

Local Committees will, therefore, study the employment ques- 
tion, collect industrial information and ascertain as far as practicable 
what class of work is more suitable for the deaf. They will endeavor 
to get acquainted with business men and employment agencies of 
their respective localities, so that through their acquaintance they 
may assist deserving deaf persons in obtaining employment of what- 
ever nature. Through these means many unemployed may obtain 
jobs, either permanent or temporary, to their advantage and profit. 

This may prove of more practical benefit to the rank and file 
than securing Government jobs for the few. 

If any discrimination exists against the deaf seeking employment, 
not merely under the Government but anywhere, it is the duty of 
Local Committees to report the same to the Central Committee and 
also to secure justice if possible. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 51 

Letter to Civil Service Commission. 

The following circular letter was sent to the Civil Service Com- 
mission and heads of departments in the Civil Service: 

"The deaf of the United States seek positions in the Civil Service 
of the country and state, as is their right, the same as any other in- 
telligent citizen. It has- frequently happened that after winning the 
highest honors in competitive examinations, the deaf have been ex- 
cluded in favor of others holding inferior grades. Many of those in- 
terested felt that this exclusion was unwarranted and that influences 
other than deafness worked against them. 

Deaf men have been employed in the various departments of 
Government service for two score years and more, which would in- 
dicate the deaf are competent where hearing is not a necessary fac- 
tor. 

A committee of the National Association of the Deaf has been 
apointed to inquire into the matter and ascertain as far as possible 
the reasons for such rejections. That there are reasons it is con- 
ceded. 

President Wilson has expressed himself over his autograph sig- 
nature as being in hearty favor of giving the deaf a 'square deal' in 
appointments in the service of their country. 
' Will you favor us by stating how you view the appointment of 
deaf persons to positions in the service? 

To what positions in the service would you admit the deaf? 

Granted that the sense of hearing would not be essential in all 
Civil Service positions, what objections are there to the employment 
of deaf persons who pass the Civil Service examinations with high 
credit and qualify as well as anyone else?" 

Information Sought. 

For the purpose of gathering information, the following ques- 
tions were sent to the deaf employed in the Civil Service: 

1. Name and address. 

2. In what department of the Civil Service are you employed? 

3. How long have you been in the service? 

4. Was your appointment the result of a competitive examina- 
tion? 

5. Who had the deciding power in your case? 

6. If not appointed through an examination, how? 

7. What influences aside from examinations aided you? 

8. Have you been promoted in the service? If so, how often? 
If not, why? 

9. What obstacles, if any, did you encounter in obtaining your 
position? 



52 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

10. Were you subject to any oral examination? If so. in what 
manner? 

11. Has any complaint ever been lodged against you on account 
of deafness? 

12. How do you communicate with your fellow-employees or 
with your department superiors? 

13. What positions in the Civil Service do you consider closed to 
applicants on account of deafness? 

14. Were you orally taught at school? If so, how long and 
where? 

15. Additional remarks. 

Note. — Any information not covered by the foregoing that you may 
consider of interest to the deaf, will be appreciated. To insure free- 
dom of statement all names will be regarded as confidential. 

Up to the present writing, only a few answers have been received, 
but much more information will have been gathered by the time the 
N. A. D. celebrates the Centennial Anniversary of our Education. 

Perhaps the time will come when a special committee will have 
to be appointed to take care of the general employment department, 
while the Civil Service Committee will attend only to Civil* Service 
reform. 

This report is respectfully submitted for your careful consider- 
ation. 

B. R. ALLABOUGH, Chairman, 
G. M. TEEGARDEN, Secretary, 
R. H. KING, 

Civil Service Committee. 

The President: What shall we do with this report? 

Mr. Meagher: I move that we accept the report with the thanks of 
the Association. 

Dr. Cloud : I second the motion. But I think we should, in this civil 
service matter, confine ourselves to industries alone. Mr. Spear wishes 
to include methods in the scope of his labor bureau work. We should 
not attempt too much at one time. We should endeavor to find a com- 
mon ground on which to meet the oralists. 

The President: I suggest we add to Mr. Meagher's motion that we 
endorse Mr. Spear's Labor Bureau bill in Congress. This proposed 
law is one of the most important things for the deaf that has come up 
in many years. I wish to impress strongly this matter upon you. Unan- 
imously endorse Mr. Spear's Congressional bill, with the suggestion that 
each member of this Association use his or her influence to have the bill 
passed. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 53 

Mr. Howson: I think we should adopt President Howard's sugges- 
tion. In the California Legislature at the last session we discovered an 
attempt was being made to change the law regarding employment. One 
man tried to have the law amended, and this would have affected both 
the deaf and the hearing. We took the matter up with the State Labor 
Commissioners and asked for equal justice with the hearing. The at- 
tempt to change the law was side-tracked. A bureau in Washington 
could settle this employment question. In California, there is a commis- 
sion for the blind. The law creating this commission carried an appro- 
priation. It is an instance of success in the case of one class of people. 
The deaf have nothing like this, but should have it. 

Mrs. Terry: I wish to tell you that I can foresee that should Con- 
gress pass the Spear bill, we could expect every state to have an agent 
who understands the deaf. If we get an agent to ,work in every state it 
will help us in many other ways, such as instructing parents as to meth- 
ods. 

The President: We have this very thing in Minnesota now. The 
bill has been signed and will go into operation in a short time. 

Dr. Cloud: I think that because this law has been passed in Minne- 
sota, it will help the Spear bill in Congress. All honor should be given 
Mr. Spear for this work. He is not with us now. Perhaps he feels that 
he cannot dp anything in this body. All the reward we can give him in 
this resolution will doubtless be appreciated by him. He is human, like 
the rest of us. 

The President: I -think you now have a clear idea of this matter. 
We are a family gathering and we can dispense with formalities. Does 
anyone object to Mr. Meagher's motion and the suggestion offered by me. 
I see none. Carried. 

The President: The secretary will report on enrollment. 

REPORT OF ENROLLMENT. 

Members, July 1, 1915 1,375 

New members since July 1, 1915 75 

New members at Convention (up to time report was read) 57 

Total 1,497 

Several people came forward at this juncture to become members. 
The President: We now have over 1,500 members. Is there any ob- 
jection to the statement of enrollment? None. Carried. 

The President: The report of the Literary Bureau will now be given 
by the director, Mr. Terry. 

REPORT OF LITERARY BUREAU. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : I appreciate the honor con- 
ferred upon me by President Howard, appointing me director of this, the 



54 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

first Literary Bureau of the N. A. D. There will always be something 
for this Bureau to look after, and the first .task taken up was the foolish 
lip-reading stories which went the rounds of the magazines two years 
ago, beginning with the famous "Judith Lee" stories. Investigation re- 
vealed the fact that the "wonderful" lip-reader, Judith Lee, school teacher, 
was not deaf! Letters were sent to about all the leading magazines, call- 
ing attention to these stories, and the harm likely to result by misleading 
the public as to the possibilities of lip-reading. In many cases a very cour- 
teous and assuring reply came back. 

Taking up the subject of fiction about the deaf with well known writ- 
ers, wherever I have ventured, the reply has invariably been, as I have 
often urged, that the deaf themselves should write about the deaf. Let- 
ters to that effect are on hand from Jack London and Mary Roberts 
Rhinehart. 

The classification of the schools for the deaf with insane asylums, 
schools for incorrigibles, etc., which now and then appears in the papers 
and the magazines was taken up with Mr. Herbert Quick, who himself 
had made the classification in the Saturday Evening Post. Mr. Quick is 
editor of Farm and Fireside. He states that all schools out of the nor- 
mal ; that is, the public schools, academies, etc., are classified as stated. 

The magazine, Out West, agreed to publish an article of mine about 
the education of the deaf from early days to the present, and a brief 
sketch of this Convention. Delays necessitated by one cause or another 
resulted in the failure of the scheme, the magazine having changed hands, 
and the new management would not consider the article. 

The Selig Motion Picture Co., who purchased the picture rights of my 
novel, "A Voice from the Silence," wrote me recently, explaining that the 
story cannot at present be filmed, owing to other novels selected ahead of 
it. This story, when filmed, will put the deaf man before the public in 
motion pictures. 

I want to urge very earnestly the idea of teaching journalism and 
fiction writing at Gallaudet College. All colleges are giving a course in 
journalism, and if Gallaudet College will do so, ere long we will undoubt- 
edly be well represented in the magazines. Literary talent is not lacking 
in the deaf, but proper training is, and I believe there is a good field for 
the deaf with a bent for writing. 

The Silent Worker has shown wonderful improvement in every de- 
partment the past few years, but I fail to see why the New Jersey Insti- 
tution does not reward the regular contributors to the paper better than 
at does. Many of the letters appearing in the Silent Worker are very 
valuable and highly interesting, and well and painstakingly written, and 
should be paid for accordingly, so far as the limits of the school's finan- 
cial appropriation will permit. I think $2 to $5 a very reasonable sum to 
pay for full page or longer letters from the staff. This will encourage 
a desire on the part of the deaf to write better. 

So far, all efforts on the part of this Bureau have been rewarded, 
well known and distinguished people have respected it, and the magazine 
editors have in many instances agreed fully to our request as to lip-read- 
ing stories, and others likely to injure the deaf. 

HOWARD L. TERRY, 

Director. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 55 

The President: The object of this Bureau was to stop the publica- 
tion of silly and misleading statements about the deaf in various publica- 
tions. I feel that Mr. Terry has done well. He has helped to enlighten 
the public as to the deaf. It would be wise for him to continue his good 
work and write to every publisher and editor in the country. What shall 
we do with the report? 

Mr. K. Selig moved acceptance. Seconded by Mr. Williams. Car- 
ried. 

The President : Mr. Moylan will now present the report of the Com- 
mittee on Necrology. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON NECROLOGY. 

The Committee on Necrology finds that during the two years since 
the Cleveland Convention, ten members of this Association have died, as 
follows : 

Ellis, Frank E Los Angeles, Cal. 

Fairman, Henry Worcester, Mass. 

Gallaher, James E Chicago, 111. 

Lieb, Joseph Columbus, O. 

Mayberry, Howard H Waterville, Maine. 

Mueller, Arnold Elyria, O. 

Regensburg, Oscar H Hollywood, Cal. 

Spear, Mrs. A. R Mineapolis, Minn. 

Taber, O. D Vallejo, Cal. 

Thompson. Chas St. Paul, Minn. 

DANIEL E. MOYLAN, Chairman, 

Committee on Necrology. 

The President: I suggest the report be accepted, and the com- 
mittee instructed to write a short account of the life of each deceased 
member for these proceedings. 

The suggestion was adopted. 

Dr. Cloud: The passing of a soldier from the ranks is always a 
matter of deep regret. The loss of a recognized leader is often well 
nigh irreparable. The extraordinary services rendered by the great 
captains in every worthy cause are commemorated as an evidence of 
the appreciation of a grateful people. The report of the Committee 
on Necrology just read contains the name of one who was no ordi- 
nary member of this Association, one who through a long period of 
years labored hard and with no small degree of success for the wel- 
fare of the deaf. I refer to the late Oscar H. Regensburg, who died 
less than a year ago in his California home at Venice. He had 
hoped and planned to be with us on this memorable occasion, but 
God decreed otherwise. I think it fitting and therefore propose that 
the president appoint a special committee to draft a statement ex- 



56 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

pressing the loss which the Association has sustained through the 
death of Mr. Regensburg and have the secretary forward a copy to 
his widow. 

Seconded by Mrs. Rice. 

Mr. Meagher: I desire to keep personal feelings out of these 
proceedings. While the late Mr. Regensburg was alive, we unfor- 
tunately became estranged. But I wish now to say that I heartily 
agree with any suggestion that we show proper respect to the mem- 
ory of the departed. 

The President: I should like to amend Dr. Cloud's motion. It 
looks as though the sending of a letter by the secretary would not be 
sufficient. I suggest that Dr. Cloud head a committee to write fitting 
sentiments to the family of the late Mr. Regensburg. 

Dr. Cloud: I would suggest Mr. Hodgson as chairman. 

The President: We will do away with formalities. If there are 
no objections, my suggestion will prevail. I see none. Carried. I 
therefore appoint Dr. Cloud, Mr. Hodgson and Rev. Moylan as this 
committee. 

The President: We shall now hear the report of the Impostor 
Bureau. The report is a long one, and it may take all day and night 
to consider it. Mr. Meagher will present his report. 

REPORT OF IMPOSTOR BUREAU. 

Mr. President and My Friends: The Committee on the Suppres- 
sion of Impostors begs leave to submit the following report: 

Impostor Legislation by States. 
Previously Passed. 

New York (about 1885); Pennsylvania (about 1890); Minnesota 
(about 1909); Mississippi (1913). 

Passed in 1915. 

(Now full fledged laws.) 

1. Nevada— Chief Harold A. McNeilly. 2. Indiana— Chief Robert 
E. Binkley and the Indiana Association of the Deaf. 3. Washington 
—Impostor Bureau. 4. Missouri— Chief Dr. Cloud. 5. Ohio— Chief 
Robert MacGregor. 6. Florida— Chief Odie W. Underhill. 7. Illinois 
—Illinois Association of the Deaf led by Messrs. Tilton, Heber, John- 
son, Hasentab, Stutsman and Sullivan. 

Passed— Vetoed by the Governor. 

8. California— Chief James W. Howson. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 57 

Introduced — Still Pending. 

9. Georgia — Chief W. O. Connor. 10. Alabama — Chief James 
Henry MacFarlane. 

Introduced — Failed to Pass. 

11. New Mexico — Chief J. B. Bumgardner. Passed Senate, still 
on House files on adjournment. 12. Michigan — Chief J. M. Stewart. 
Never came to a vote. 13. Arkansas — Chief J. Holbrook Eddy. 
Crowded out. 14. West Virginia — Chief C. D. Seaton. No vote 
taken. 

Introduction Declined on Grounds Present Statutes Amply Sufficient. 

15. Connecticut — Mr. E. P. Clarke and Chief Walter C. Durian. 
16. Tennessee — Chief John Amos Todd and the Tennessee State As- 
sociation. 17. Montana — President (Miss) Harlan of the State Asso- 
ciation and Chief Elmo V. Kemp. 

A total of seventeen states active this year in the line of impostor 
legislation. Omitting the two states where measures are still pending 
as the work of seven months, the deaf have to show seven laws now 
in full force and operation out of fifteen attempts, a "batting aver- 
age" of .466. All this BY and FOR THE DEAF! 

Personnel Impostor Bureau. 

Director, J. Frederick Meagher, School for the Deaf, Vancouver, 
Wn.; Alabama, J. H. McFarlane. School for the Deaf, Talladega; 
Alaska, Jesse West, Yukonia Hotel, Dawson, Yukon, T. Y.; Arkan- 
sas, J. Holbrook Eddy, Deaf School, Little Rock; California, J. W. 
Howson. 2915 Regent St., Berkeley; Connecticut, Walter Durian, Am. 
School for Deaf, Hartford; Florida, Odie W. Underhill, State School 
for the Deaf, St. Augustine; Georgia, W. O. Connor, principal State 
School, Cave Springs; Illinois, John D. Sullivan, Y. M. C. A., 3210 
Arthington St., Chicago; Indiana, Robert E. Binkley, 420 E. 25th St., 
Indianapolis; Iowa, E. S. Waring, Grinnell; Kansas, Ed. H. Mcllvain, 
lock box 212. Olathe; Kentucky, John H. Mueller, 1072 E. Kentucky 
st., Louisville; Louisiana, A. J. Sullivan, School for the Deaf, Baton 
Rouge; Maryland, O. K. Price, Sr., 2773 W. North ave., Baltimore; 
Michigan, J. M. Stewart, 408 West Court St., Flint; Minnesota, Anton 
Schroeder, 2172 Carroll ave., St. Paul; Mississippi, Percy Jones, School 
for the Deaf, Jackson; Missouri. Dr. J. H. Cloud, 2606 Virginia ave., 
St. Louis; Montana, Elmo V. Kemp, box 262, Boulder; Nebraska, P. 
E. Seeley, Apt. 1, 1806 Ohio St., Omaha; Nevada, Harold A. Mc- 
Neilly, 461 Nevada St., Reno; New Jersey, W. W. Beadell, 159 Mid- 
land ave., Arlington; New Mexico, J. B. Bumgardner, P. O. box 41, 
Santa Fe; New York. C. L. McLaughlin, 90 Aldine St., Rochester; 
North Carolina. Vernon S. Birck, School for the Deaf, Morgantown; 



58 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

North Dakota, L. A. Long, 419 E. 8th St., Devils Lake; Ohio, Rob- 
ert MacGregor, Grove City; Oklahoma, Guard S. Price, School for 
the Deaf, Sulphur; Oregon, Emery Vinson, 1559 E. 6th St., N. Port- 
land; Pennsylvania, A. U. Downing, 826 Holland ave., Wilkinsburg; 
South Carolina, Herbert R. Smoak, box 56. Union; South Dakota, 
Ed. Olson, 331 North Cliff ave., Sioux Falls; Tennessee, John Amos 
Todd, S. C. Toof & Co., Memphis; Texas, Wm. H. Davis, State 
School for the Deaf, Austin; Utah, Wm. Cole, 2214 Lincoln ave., 
Ogden; Virginia, Arthur T. Tucker, 2213 Stuart ave., Richmond; 
Washington, D. C, Rev. H. C. Merrill, 1012 9th st. Northeast; Wash- 
ington. Carl Garrison, Camano; West Virginia, C. D. Seaton, State 
School for the Deaf, Romney. 

Roll of Honor, 1915. 

Chiefs — MacFarlane, Eddy, Howson, Durian, Underhill, Connor, 
Binkley, Waring, Stewart, Schroeder, Cloud, Kemp, Seeley, Mc- 
Neilly, Bumgardner, MacGregor, Smoak, Todd, Merrill. 

Marshals — L. J. Bacheberle, Ohio; C. W. Charles, Ohio; Ray Black, 
Ohio; Shelby Harris, Mississippi; Edw. Heber, Illinois; W. I. Til- 
ton, Illinois; J. C. Howard, Minnesota; Olof Hanson, Washing- 
ton. 

D. I. N. 

The Director of the Impostor Bureau takes the responsibility of 
hereby creating a new and signal mark of honor among the deaf 
themselves — a sort of Honor Roll or jRoll of Honor workers. The 
degree, or title, of "Does It Now" will be awarded only on repeated 
displays of purpose, push and punctuality. The first — and thus far 
the only — names the deaf press is respectfully requested to follow 
with the letters "D. I. N." are: 

Howard, Hanson, Howson, Cloud, McNeilly. 

Bureau. 

The Impostor Bureau was founded by President Olof Hanson 
in 1911, and was worked out and fully organized by the great First 
Chief, Jay Cooke Howard. On elevation to the presidency the latter 
turned the department over to the present incumbent December 7th, 
1914, seventeen states having Chiefs at the time. 

The Bureau was already well organized, and what has occurred 
since is merely carrying out the policies of the president. Today 
there are Chiefs in forty states and territories, with eleven still to be 
appointed. The names of good men for the vacant places are de- 
sired—men who will buckle down to real, hard, result-getting routines, 
none others acceptable. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 59 

Credit 

Credit for the wonderful results of the last seven months has 
wrongfully been accorded the official head of the Bureau instead of 
the rank and file. Without the admirable esprit de corps and the unsel- 
fish subjugation of self-interest in the common weal all success would 
have been impossible. With but few exceptions all Chiefs, Marshals 
and Deputies have served gloriously at considerable personal sacri- 
fice, earning a hundredfold what little mead of local praise they 
achieved. In no case was a man reimbursed for his sacrifices — 
aside from certain postage accounts. 

All this is more irrefutable proof that the deaf are nowise dif- 
ferent from the hearing. 

Promotion. 

Several "finds'" have been uncovered; it will weaken the Bureau 
greatly, but the good of the Association demands such men be rec- 
ommended to the president for promotion to positions of greater 
responsibility. There is always work for aggressive, willing workers 
— the demand far exceeds the supply. 

A new generation of leaders in national affairs is developing, and 
the Association is fortunate to have at its head a far-sighted busi- 
ness man to recognize and encourage embyro merit. Gradually in- 
creasing scope and power is assured. 

Scope. 

Aside from the forty State Chiefs, there are out an aggregate of 
225 Marshal cards of credentials and some 900 Deputy cards. The 
first batch of stickers — "The Deaf Do Not Beg" — is now being scat- 
tered broadcast over the country, 18,000 in all. 

In February headquarters mailed a syndicate news letter on the 
impostor evil to 422 of the largest daily papers in America. Ex- 
tracts therefrom are still appearing from time to time in the daily 
press, rehashed to fit time and place. The many individual letters 
the deaf have sent to their home newspapers, or appearing in the 
school press, would fill volumes. .All these trifles make for perfection, 
and perfection in itself is no trifle. 

Funds. 

Of the $35 appropriated by the Executive Committee for the us* 
of this Bureau, and the $3.15 from other sources, $33.67 was expended, 
leaving a balance of $4.48 today. Headquarters would respectfully 
ask a minimum appropriation of $50 be voted; $150 could be well 
and wisely used were that much available. In the language of John 
Paul Jones, "We have not begun to fight yet." 



60 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

System. 

There is nothing complicated about the office fixtures. All let- 
ters, etc., are filed in an old cracker box, each state having a card- 
board compartment. Results achieved, states showing weakness, am- 
munition mailed, etc., are all penciled on outline maps and progress 
read at a glance. Clippings from deaf and hearing papers are ar- 
ranged by states in a scrapbook. 

Plans. 

Plans are afoot for a nation-wide network of willing workers, 
the work so arranged that not too much will devolve on any one 
man, or group of men. Life is too short to waste in vain vaporings 
telling what we deaf intend to do; results are what count. Only re- 
member, this is a fight to the finish, not a flash in the pan! 

Knockers. 

Every good movement has its knockers. The big dog who se- 
renely pursues the even tendr of his way, unnoticing the peevish at- 
tacks of small mongrels, possesses dignity. This Bureau was organ- 
ized for work, not for petty squabbling. 

Suggestions. 

To suppress impostors the formation of N. A. D. branches, how- 
ever small, is suggested as a good opening; the branch meeting to 
discuss ways and means and contributing to local impostor expenses. 
Human nature works better with the eyes of intimate friends focused 
on every movement; a little praise costs nothing, yet is worth much. 
Subscribe to the Deaf Mutes' Journal and keep posted on developments. 
In most small cities, and in many large ones, the police will be glad to 
give a special officer's star to the local deputy if properly approached, 
serving as special policeman without pay. The moral effect of a deaf 
policeman is beyond compare, and is always good for publicity. The 
class of men applying for such a badge should be those who will use, 
not abuse, the privilege conferred. 

The secret of success is the use of one's wits, pegging away, and 
"Doing It Now !" 

The various State Chiefs have small envelopes containing twenty-five 
stickers, with full working directions. Buy one for 5 cents, take it home 
and stick the red stickers up where crowds gather. Not being a palpable 
advertisement, people are bound to discuss the whys and wherefores, 
and thereby remember. The town will be on the qui vive for the next 
"deaf" beggar, and will nab him promptly as a test of the statement 
on the sticker. Convict this first suspect by all means, and for 
months after the whole countryside will act as one man when a 
deaf beggar appears. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 61 

Remember, "Do It Now," and keep at it. Don't let up. Every 
little bit counts. 

Deaf Peddlers. 

Circumstances necessitate the Impostor Bureau calling on the As- 
sociation in convention assembled for an expression of the senti- 
ment regarding REAL deaf peddlers. This matter is of grave im- 
portance and merits full and free discussion before an ironclad reso- 
lution is adopted. 

J. FREDERICK MEAGHER, 

Director. 

Dr. Cloud: I move we accept the report as read. 
Seconded by Mr. Runde. 

Mr. Wright: I object to accepting this report as read, because it 
omits the name of the leading figure in this matter, Mr. Meagher. 

Mr. Hodgson: A word. Mr. Meagher sent me some of his red 
stickers, "The Deaf Never Beg." In New York I can't stick them up 
in public places. It is against the law. There is another thing for 
consideration. The phrase "The Deaf Never Beg" is misunderstood 
by hearing people. The public confuses the word "deaf" with "hard- 
of-hearing." We must make the distinction between "deaf-mute" and 
"hard-of-hearing" clear to the public. People always misunderstand 
the word "deaf." We desire to be effective and to reach the public 
without misunderstandings. The word "deaf-mute" would be much 
more effective than the word "deaf." 

The President: Does anyone object to the acceptance of Mr. 
Meagher's report? None. Carried. 

Very few of us here have not met with impostors. If any State 
Chiefs, or others who have had experience, wish to speak, they may 
do so. Anyone so desiring has the privilege of the floor. 

Mr. Howson: When I accepted 'appointment as State Chief of 
California, I had other duties to occupy much of my time. I saw 
that California was a hard state to organize. I determined to go 
slowly and well, or not at all. I divided California into four divis- 
ions, and planned to put a marshal in each. I secured marshals for 
three of my divisions, but could not get one for the fourth. Have 
spoken to a man at this Convention. He has agreed to serve, and I 
now have four marshals. To make this impostor work effective, you 
must bring the city police departments and sheriffs on the one hand 
and the Impostor Chiefs and marshals on the other together. I am 
waiting to confer about this matter with Mr. Meagher. I received 
some of Mr. Meagher's red stickers, "The Deaf Never Beg," but my 
two-year-old baby, got hold of them and stuck them all on the walls 
and furniture. 



62 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

The President: A paper on reorganization of the N. A. D. by 
Mr. Howson is next on the program. Please pay close attention to 
this paper, because it presents a very important plan for reorganizing 
this body. 

At this point, President Howard was called out of the room, and 
Vice-President Greener took the chair. Rev. Mr. Keiser asked for 
the privilege of the floor. 

Rev. Mr. Keiser: We have had Mr. Howard as president of the 
N. A. D. for two years. With your encouragement and help he can 
do much for us. We need co-operation. At this time it would give 
him great encouragement should we show him our appreciation of his 
good work. So, if agreeable to you, I will circulate a subscription 
paper, prepared by Mr. Roberts, asking for contributions to a fund, 
with which to purchase a handsome gold watch for President 
Howard. 

Amid much enthusiasm, it was agreed that the fund for the pur- 
chase of the watch be raised by subscription. 

Acting-President Greener: Mr. Howson will now present his 
plan of reorganization. 

A PLAN OF REORGANIZATION. 

By James W. Howson. 

It is with considerable trepidation that I, in the first Convention 
I have attended, presume to address so important an organization as 
the National Association of the Deaf upon the momentous subject of 
reoganization. However, I have in the past two years been very 
much involved in the activities of the Association and if any of my 
suggestions seem crude, please treat tlrem leniently and remember 
that they are chiefly the products of actual experience and very little 
the vaporings of a fanciful imagination. The remark was once made 
to me that "The N. A. D. is sick; it has always been sick; it was born 
sick." While I do not stand sponsor for that remark, and while I do 
not mean to cast any aspersions upon the founders of the Associa- 
tion or upon those who have raised the Association to its present 
position of power and influence, I feel that I am justified in saying 
that something is wrong and that conditions can and must be im- 
proved. The energy and talent expended by the leading deaf men of 
our country in running this Association is not justified by the returns. 
These returns can be brought up to normal proportions and that is 
what I mean to speak about. 

The National Association of the Deaf as at present organized 
faces two great difficulties. The first of these leading difficulties is» 
to get the officers to work. We pay our officers no salaries and it 
is contrary to all human experience that any but a small proportion 
of them will lay aside private work and labor without compensation 
tor the uplift of their brethren. The upshot is that every active offi- 
cer usually has from three to thirty subordinates, many of whom 
he pushes, pulls and hauls in an endeavor to get them to work, while 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 63 

at the same time he expends about ten times as much energy as if 
he had done the work himself. 

The second great difficulty is to keep the members. They join 
once and then, finding that Mahomet cannot bring the mountain to 
them, many default their dues, with the result that the Association 
has a very fluctuating membership. It is useless to explain to these 
defaulting members the value of their membership, both to them- 
selves and to the Association, without putting this appeal in some 
concrete form; that is, without giving them some direct material 
benefit. By this I mean we must give them something for their 
money; we cannot bring home to the average member that a large 
membership helps in the enactment of favorable; and the prevention 
of unfavorable legislation towards the deaf. Our average member is 
too far removed from the centers of activity to be appealed to in this 
manner. 

Now, as to these two difficulties, which I have mentioned above, 
and which are obstacles seriously impeding the progress of the As- 
sociation, I feel that we have two remedies. In the case of the in- 
activities of the officers, let us counteract this by paying the officers 
salaries. It is but just. No office carrying a salary will lack for 
suitable, well-qualified workers. In the second case, to retain the 
members, let us put the Association on a paying basis and excuse 
the members from dues. This can be done by gradually raising the 
initiation fee and reducing the annual dues until, when the income of 
the Association is sufficient to render it self-supporting, the dues 
may be abolished. The initiation fee then automatically becomes a 
life membership. There is a psychological time in the life of every 
possible member when he can be induced to join the Association, 
regardless of the size of the initiation fee. The difficulty comes 
when he is asked to repeat with his annual dues. Gradually decrease 
the dues and increase the initiation fee and he will feel it profitable 
to retain his membership. With the cessation of dues, a member 
once secured is always a member. To facilitate the initial securing 
of members, we must of course be prepared to offer them something, 
and of this I shall speak later. 

How, it may be asked, are we going to put the Association on a 
paying basis, excuse the members from dues, and pay the officers 
salaries? The present chief asset of the Association is the name and 
reputation of the National Association of the Deaf. The Association 
may be put upon a paying basis by making use of the name and 
reputation of the Association in the following manner: Let us put an 
organizer or agent in every state in the Union. Without violating 
existing obligations with respect to other funds, let us concentrate 
efforts upon the endowment fund. Use the latter to pay expenses 
and salaries. Turn the state agents loose. Let them use the name 
and reputation of the Association. Let them organize; let them col- 
lect moneys; give them 20 per cent of all moneys collected. There 
will be accusations, howls of graft, etc., no doubt many resignations, 
but the fund will grow and the N. A. D. will grow. The organizer 
with the name N. A. D. behind him can do what no one else can do. 
A successful organizer will inspire others and enrich himself. He 
will be backed up by the officers of the Association, because his suc- 
cess means theirs. 

While it has been my object to point out only certain salient 
points for reorganization, in the hope that the matter may be re- 



64 



ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 



ferred to a committee, who shall hew down the rough edges and 
supply the lacking details, which their mature wisdom and judgment 
may show to be necessary, I shall for purposes of illustration pro- 
ceed with some details and leave their revision to the committee. 
The tables which follow will indicate in some detail a proposed ap- 
portionment of funds and salaries. The income is estimated con- 
servatively, while the salary schedule is based upon the supposition 
that the detail work of the Association will rest largely with the sec- 
retary. 



Endowment Initiation 

to 
10,000 $1.00 

to 
20,000 ZOO (1.25) 

to 

30,000 3.00 (1.50) 

40,000 4.00(1.75) 

to 

50,000 5.00 (2.00) None 

100,000 5.00 (2.00) None 



Funds. 

Dues 

$0.50 

.35 

.20 
.10 



Income 

$1,200 

1,900 

2,600 
3,300 

4,000 
7,800 



Expenses Salaries 
$1,200 None 



1,200 

1,200 
1,200 

1,200 
1,500 



$ 700 

1,400 
2,100 

2,800 
6.300 



Officers 

President. . . 

1st V.-P 

2nd V.-P. ... 
Secretary. . . 
Treasurer. . . 
Ex. Com. . . . 
Ex. Com. . . . 
Ch. Loc. Com 
Organizers. . 



700 

120 

40 

40 

300 

80 

40 

40 

40 

20% 



Salaries. 

1,400 
240 

80 

80 
600 
160 

80 

80 

80 
20% 



2,100 
360 
120 
120 
900 
240 
120 
120 
120 

20% 



2,800 
480 
160 
160 

1,200 
320 
160 
160 
160 

20% 



6,300 

1,080 
360 
360 

2,700 
720 
360 
360 
360 

20% 



a. ««, H ,ncome as outlined above is based upon receipts from fees, 
<r MkjJftT UP °u end ,° w . men t fund, etc. The initiation fee enclosed 
in brackets may be substituted for the larger fee, in case the latter 

e e e c^me e s X a Ce i1fTmeml h r e sC e ^ ™*" "*«* ^ i^ol^e 

creaies Wi ThU n0tked tha ^J he Salaries incr «se as the income in- 
work usJnv f a il Pr0per ' Th £ y are none to ° bi ^ for th * am ount of 
of 8ee? e Sl y J^i g ii Up ° n ° fficers of our Association. The salary 
comoeten* Lf ^J »»X assumes proportions which will allow of a 
aTon The^i7° e t i 1S e 1 t,re ll > e to the interests of the Asso- 
letst a'oart of th E ti^. f f thC ° ther £ ffice / s are sufficient to secure at 
w?ll have work e„™^ ?£'? ^^ ° f aidin * their brethren. They 
r a ch member of 7£ *fc »° ^° a ,5 d more - Each vice-president and 
m^re TommUtees H, F* e f. ut *™ Committee is a chairman of one or 
£g salarTeT and I L„ ?" d a f. s,stan « from members not draw- 
be secured P ° P ° Se to outl,ne later how this assistance may 




Mt. Tamalpais. 

State of fog and brilliant sunshine, 
Powers with which plant wizards sport; 
Changing common things to beauty, 
Most, to use of vast import; 
Making friends and faithful allies 
Of the birds, the honey bees; 
Humming with them the pleased chorus 
"Time. Then greater things than these." 



'':'<* 
^ 


~'" : 'f '• Wis 




1 

v\ 

■ 

1 


■ 


/ * Ji • , 

/ ■! -J 

9 -J 


■ y *4. ■■■** < 


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• «' fc«£"-1 


r i 


iff 




9 j 
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II 1 ■ !• 




« ••»---., 


S? i*'- 





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. 




KJT 



Muir Woods. 

Told of climate and productions, 

Of the grains and luscious fruits, 

Scenery of wondrous charm; 

Oceans, mountains, lovely valleys, 

Giant trees, of unknown age. 

Told until their loved ones gladly 

AVith them sought the state that promised 

Health — more precious far than gold. 




General View of the Exposition. 

See the manifold creations, 
Of the nations far away, 
Showing strength of minds and muscle 
Pledged to human betterment, 
Helping world-wide demonstrations. 
To all kindreds, tongues, and peoples 
Of the Fatherhood of God, 
And the brotherhood of men. 




The Tower of Jewels at Xight. 

Then when silence fell upon us. 
So complete we heard no sound, 
Still in memory, like a jewel, 
Set in rarest gold securely, 
Natural radiance much enhanced, 
By reports, by illustrations, 
Sight and taste of luscious fruits, 
Lived our admiration for "California.' 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 65 

I have been asked to include in this paper an outline of co-oper- 
ation between state associations, state clubs and the National Asso- 
ciation. While I favor the admission of members as individuals, 
the suggestion of mutual co-operation has many points in its favor. 
To secure the co-operation of state associations, clubs and individuals 
we must give something in return. Let us allow state associations or 
clubs bringing all their members within the fold of the National 
Association a discount of 20 per cent. Thus, provided the initiation 
fee is $5 to a state association or club, this fee would be $4 per 
member. Or provided the payment extended through six yearly 
payments of $1 each, members of state associations or clubs could 
be excused from the final or sixth payment. This would strengthen 
local clubs and associations; it worked well in building up California's 
large membership and should succeed in other states. There are few 
local clubs with 50c or even 25c monthly dues which cannot set aside 
8j^c each month for a few years towards paying for a life member- 
ship in the N. A. D. 

What have we to offer to individuals? Let us have a great offi- 
cial organ. Let us send it free to every member. Print it quarterly, 
if necessary. The time will come, if we look strictly to the endow- 
ment fund, when we can issue it weekly. For a few dollars the indi- 
vidual member receives this paper for life. If he joins a club ot 
state association he is in a position to discuss the welfare and prog- 
ress of the Association with others as interested as he. His life and 
interest in life broadens and he induces others to join not only the 
National Association, but local associations and clubs. He helps .the 
latter grow. Furthermore the official organ can become the official 
organ of the associations and clubs under its wings. It will be a 
great inducement to get together, and when we have a membership 
of 30,000 we can afford to have 20,000 extra copies for general dis- 
tribution to libraries, firms and individuals. This official organ will 
be our great clearing house. It will be our medium of appeal to the 
legislative bodies and to the people of the United States. It will 
draw advertisements of a reliable class which may more than pay 
the cost of editing and printing. In making this suggestion, I wish 
to cast no aspersions upon pur present official organ, which has ful- 
filled and must for some time continue to fulfill the office of dispens- 
ing information to our members, 

As a last suggestion, I wish to propose that the state organizer 
receive 20 per cent of all moneys collected by him, irrespective of 
whether they are initiation fees, dues or other collections, and irre- 
spective of the amount of money in the endowment fund. In all 
such collections within his state, with the exceptions noted below, 
he and he only is authorized to use the name National Association of 
the Deaf. He shall be empowered to appoint assistants, to make con- 
tracts with them, to stage entertainments, and to engage in any gain- 
ful proceedings, not injurious to or below the dignity of the National 
Association. State associations and clubs may retain or refund to 
members of their organizations applying for admission to the National 
Association the 20 per cent commission which would go to the or- 
ganizer, and they may further, in the case of a state association, col- 
lect, using the name of the National Association, the sum of $250 and 
in the case of a club the sum of $100, said sums to be used to defray 
the expenses of members to Conventions of the National Association. 
This does not mean that additional sums of money might not be 
collected for the purpose of sending delegates, but it represents the 



66 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

limit to which an organization may go in competing with the state 
organizer in collecting funds using the name of the N. A. D. This 
sending of delegates to conventions will not only insure the success 
of the conventions, but will be a powerful inducement for energetic 
and capable men to join local associations and clubs, since it is 
almost certain that those members who contribute their time and abil- 
ity to the building up of the latter will be sent as delegates. As 
local leaders they will be available for subordinate positions on com- 
mittees of the National Association, the trip to the Convention being 
sufficient inducement to secure their services. 

In pointing out the difficulties confronting the Association and 
in suggesting remedies, I have always carried in mind that we need 
not expect something for nothing. In case this paper merits dis- 
cussion or reference to a committee, I hope this will always be kept 
in view, that we must give something for something. 

Dr. Cloud: I have followed the reading of Mr. Howson's paper 
with much interest. It has impressed me greatly. It seems to be the 
entering wedge of a new era. It contains the germs of new life for 
the N. A. D. We have reached the limit of our possibilities under 
the old plan of organization under which the N. A. D. has existed 
for thirty-five years. It must be seen whether this new idea will 
stand the test of time. A plan of this nature requires mature con- 
sideration and judgment. It should be placed in the right hands for 
consideration. A special committee should be appointed to work on 
the proposition, to report at the next meeting. 

Mr. McNeilly: I move we accept the paper. 

Mr. Howard: You understand that this paper recommends cer- 
tain things. It would be proper to print it, but these recommenda- 
tions should be referred to our Committee on Laws, to be gone over 
and presented in 1917. We cannot do anything about the matter now. 

Dr. Cloud moved to print and refer to Committee on Laws Sec- 
onded by Mr. Selig, and carried. 

Mr. Wright: Mr. Howson's plan is the evolution of many ideas 
heretofore presented. It is, therefore, not exactly new. To put the 
N. A. D. on a paying basis, a plan for raising the money must first 
be devised. We must necessarily begin in a small way. I do not 
see why there should be any difference between the N. A. D. and 
other organizations. Other organizations give their members some- 
thing in return for their money; the N. A. D. does not, according to 
the arguments of some. The spirit of working to a good end with- 
out expectation of a return is found in many clubs and organizations, 
such as the Rotarians, the Purity Congress, and civic bodies. The 
N. A. D. must depend on your individual spirit of co-operation in 
getting new members. Exemption from paying dues should not be 
allowed. Members should always be required to pay a little. 

Mr. Williams: We could go on discussing this matter all day. 
Only those who have tried to get members can understand the hard 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 67 

work that is necessary. Only one state organizer has succeeded very 
greatly — Mr. Howson. His plan merits consideration. If it fails to 
meet expectations, the attempt will hurt nothing. 

Mr. McCook, of Iowa: The N. A. D. is sick. It needs a doctor. 
So far we have had no efficient doctor. In a way, money might 
prove a doctor for our ills. I remember one case. A company offi- 
cial worked without salary. In seven years the particular work re- 
quired was without result. It was arranged to pay the incumbent of 
the office a salary. Good results were immediately noticeable. Per- 
haps Mr. Howson's plan would show results. It may prove the medi- 
cine for our ills. 

Mr. Howard moved to close discussion. Seconded by Mr. David- 
son, and carried. 

Acting-President Greener: Mr. Albert Berg is next on the pro- 
gram with a paper on "The Deaf and Life Insurance." 

Mr. Berg was not present. He had sent word asking to be ex- 
cused from presenting any paper. 

President Howard resumed the chair. 

Mr. Roberts: This gavel (taking up the president's gavel) was 
given to President Howard by the deaf people of Michigan. It was 
made from wood taken from the good ship "Constitution." This 
gavel was used by Mr. Howard last summer, while presiding as 
president of the Gallaudet College Alumni Association in its session 
at Washington, D. C. It was also used by Dr. Edward M. Gallaudet 
in opening the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf at 
Staunton, Va. It will, Providence granting, be used by President 
Howard at the N. A. D. Convention at Hartford in 1917. I move 
that a silver plate be placed upon this gavel, with an inscription de- 
scribing its history, leaving sufficient space to commemorate thereon 
the Hartford meeting. 

Seconded by Mr. Runde, and carried. 

President Howard issued directions for the meeting on the Ex- 
position grounds in the afternoon. 

Mr. Williams told the delegates where to rendezvous at the 
Exposition grounds, prior to assembling for the exercises of the 
afternoon. 

Miss Pearl Herdman, of St. Louis, Mo., was selected as official 
interpreter for the National Association of the Deaf Day exercises 
to be conducted by Exposition officials. 

Adjourned at 12 noon, to meet at 2 p. m. on Exposition grounds. 



68 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Thursday Afternoon Session 

JULY 22 

National Association of the Deaf Day on the 
Exposition Grounds 

The delegates and their friends assembled at 2 p. m. at the Fill- 
more street gate of the Panama Pacific International Exposition 
grounds. 

The delegates formed in line, six abreast. Headed by the Expo- 
sition Band, an official of the Exposition, President Howard and 
Secretary Roberts, they marched to the Court of Abundance. Here 
the band played "The Star Spangled Banner," the assemblage standing 
uncovered during the rendering of the anthem. The Court of 
Abundance was filled by the delegates and their friends there prob- 
ably being 400 in attendance. 

The Hon. Colwin Brown, representing President Moore, of the 
Exposition, made a speech, and presented to the Association a bronze 
medal, suitably inscribed. 

The response to the presentation speech was made by President 
Howard, Miss Herdman reading orally. 

PRESIDENT HOWARD'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

If we could conceive of a great international exposition of some 
three or four hundred years ago that exhibited the "civilization" of 
that time, those strolling through the various buildings of that ex- 
position would probably come upon a display labeled "canned deaf- 
m ? te "'j J* was alon g about that time that deaf children were con- 
sidered fit only for crocodile food and it is within reason to presume 
that, in countries where crocodiles did not flourish, they might well 
can ., t V < : lr deaf children for export trade and make quite an attractive 
exhibition of this product. 

Today the deaf are practically on an equal footing with the hearing 
and you have shown them a signal honor in naming this day National 
Association of the Deaf Day. 

We assure you that the contrast between what was, a" com- 

f iw f ^° r L tlme ag °' and what is ' ^Plants in our bosoms a deep 
feeling of thankfulness and gratitude; and when we assure you that 
we appreciate your kind welcome and the marked honor shown us 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 69 

you may believe our sentiment is heartfelt. This great change in the 
social condition of the deaf is, we venture to say, a greater exhibit of 
the advance in civilization than any other single exhibit at this fair. 

It was about the year 1760 that the education of the deaf was 
undertaken. The work was inaugurated in France by the benevolent 
and distinguished Abbe de l'Epee, and the great Christian spirit in 
the hearts of men and women who have loved their country and their 
race has transplanted this work to every part of the world. The work 
was begun in America by Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet in 1817, and 
the first school for the deaf established in Hartford, Connecticut. For 
the first few years, the deaf were dependent upon their hearing bene- 
factors for their education. As the number of educated deaf people 
became greater they began to take an active interest in the education 
of their kind. This first manifested itself some fifty years ago in 
reunions of the alumni, first of one school and then another, who 
met to discuss questions pertaining to their own welfare and that 
of deaf children in school. Out of these came the state associations 
with more dignity and power; these included all deaf people within 
the state irrespective of their place of education. Many of these 
associations are now incorporated. 

In 1880 the National Association of the Deaf was organized, in 
1900 it was incorporated. In the early days, the social features of 
the conventions of this Association predominated and served to bring 
the deaf people of different states into touch with one another, and 
offered them an opportunity for the interchange of ideas. As the 
Association grew in membership and prestige, it was recognized that 
it had a serious mission. Many privileges that the hearing enjoyed 
were denied to the deaf. Benevolent organizations would not admit 
them to membership, life insurance companies placed them on the 
prohibited list, civil service regulations discriminated against them, 
many employers of labor refused to give them work, and they were 
otherwise hampered and restricted. The educated deaf person was 
such a novelty that he was not taken seriously and literally had to 
carve his way. The National Association has overcome so many 
things of this nature that it is easier to enumerate the things they 
have not succeeded as yet in surmounting. We can think of but two; 
the Masons will not admit them to membership, and they cannot ob- 
tain accident insurance. While fighting for the rights of the deaf, 
the Association has not forgotten to show its gratitude to those who, 
in the early days, did so much to make an Association like this 
possible. It has erected a bronze statue in Washington, D. C, that 
cost $12,000, to Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, and it is now raising a 
fund to erect a monument to the Abbe de l'Epee. 

The education of the deaf has advanced to a point where I chal- 
lenge you, ladies and gentlemen, to look over this audience and 
separate the deaf from the hearing. We are not trying to hide the 
fact that we are deaf, and we do not want you to think that we are 
ashamed of our deafness. It is our misfortune, not our fault. Though 
we may be handicapped in that we cannot hear, we are asking no 
favors from you or from anyone else. All we ask is a fair field. Last 
winter a bill was introduced in the Connecticut legislature exempting 
deaf persons from taxation. The author probably meant well, but he 
evidently did not know the deaf well. At a hearing before the Finance 
Committee, a score or more of deaf people appeared to repudiate the 
measure. The committee was so surprised at their action that they 
had a copy of the bill framed in memory of the occasion. 



70 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Statistics show there are approximately 60,000 deaf people in the 
United States. They also show that 98% of them are self supporting. 
So our slogan is "The deaf do not beg." If you see a person begging 
because of his supposed deafness we ask you, as a special favor, to 
have that person arrested; for he is an IMPOSTOR and is doing the 
deaf an incalculable amount of harm by his action. 

Standing here in this great exposition speaking, as it were, to 
all the world, a president of the day must be excused if he feels a 
little chesty and is tempted to relieve his mind of all he knows. We 
appreciate, however, that you have to submit to this day after day 
and we will be considerate, both of you" and of ourselves, you because 
you get so much "oratory." and of ourselves because we do not want 
you, in your secret thoughts, to berate us as either geysers or gas 
works. Gentlemen of the Exposition, we thank you for your kind- 
ness to us this day. 

Following the exercises the delegates visited the fair during the 
remainder of the afternoon and evening. 



Friday Morning Session 

JULY 23 

AUDITORIUM CALIFORNIA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF, 
BERKELEY— CALIFORNIA DAY. 

Called to order at 10:55, President Howard presiding. 

Invocation by the Rev. Mr. C. O. Dantzer, of All Souls' Church, 
Philadelphia. 

The Hon. Livingston Jenks, president of the Board of Directors 
of the California school, was away on his vacation, but sent word 
regretting his inability to be present and welcome the delegates. 

The secretary read telegrams from Francis P. Gibson, of Chicago, 
Grand Secretary of the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, and 
Olof Hanson, of Seattle, former president of the N. A. D., as follows: 

TELEGRAM FROM MR. GIBSON. 

iu a iu t t, ,. ^ Chicago, 111., July 22. 1915. 

Mr. Arthur L. Roberts, Secretary N. A. D., 

Hotel Dale, San Francisco, Calif, 
of f? ea n S V r and . Broth .er:— As secretary of the National Association 
%L; \ ! a !'u an £ a ? Vlce -P re sident elect of the National Fraternal 

f™wnV ^ Deaf ' J° U W J iU Pl ease extend to the convention the 
r n a .' er " a fittings and good wishes with hopes of a successful and 
enjoyable meeting of two thousand odd Frats and Frat-Nads. 
Fraternally yours, 

FRANCIS P. GIBSON, 

Grand Sec'y. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 71 

TELEGRAM FROM DR. HANSON. 

Seattle, Wash., July 21, 1915. 
Mr. Jay Cooke Howard, President N. A. D., 
Hotel Dale, San Francisco, Calif. 
Seattle daily papers print good reports of meeting. Every success 
to convention. 

OLOF HANSON. 

Principal L. E. Milligan, of the California school, welcomed the 
visitors on behalf of the Board and officers of the school. The Hon. 
Livingston Jenks, president of the Board, could not be present to 
extend the welcome in person. Principal Milligan paid high tribute 
to President Jenks, saying he considered the school very fortunate 
in having such an earnest friend of the deaf at the head of the board. 
Among other things, he said that in the past three years, the board 
had secured more money for new buildings for the school than had 
been obtained in the previous twenty years. Principal Milligan re- 
iterated his belief in the Combined System, and said his school was 
always open to visitors, that all might see just what was being done. 

President Howard responded in a short speech, thanking Mr. 
Milligan for the hearty welcome extended the Association, and closing 
by saying he could hardly believe all the good things the Californians 
were doing for the visitors. 

The President: We will now hear the report of the Hartford 
Monument committee, which has charge of the fund raised to repair 
the Gallaudet monument. Here are pictures of the monument, show- 
ing the repairs needed. The memorial is badly cracked and broken, 
and parts are ready to fall. The fund to repair the monument has 
not yet been used, because we do not know what will be done with 
the monument if repaired. The grounds of the Hartford school, where 
the monument stands, may be sold, and the school moved to another 
location. It seems best to wait until the 1917 convention in Hartford, 
before determining what to do. We might find it necessary to move 
the monument. The city of Hartford might see fit to give it a fitting 
location, in case it should be moved. 

HARTFORD MONUMENT REPORT. 

July 1, 1915. 
Mr. J. C. Howard, President, 

National Association of the Deaf, 

In Convention, San Francisco, California. 
Dear Sir: — The Committee on Hartford Monunment Repair Fund 
regret that circumstances will prevent the presence of a representative 
at the Convention and ask your kind indulgence and the privilege of 
reporting by proxy. 



72 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Since the adjournment of the last Convention, held at Cleveland, 
Ohio, the committee has been awaiting developments as a guide for a 
future course of action, in preparation for the meeting at Hartford 
in 1917. Nothing in the line of investment has been undertaken. This 
lack of action was partly due to the necessary absence of a member 
of the committee, who was traveling, which made communication very 
uncertain. A division of the fund between the Union Savings Bank 
of Washington and the Hartford Bank, where the fund raised by the 
New England Association is kept, was proposed, but no action has 
been taken. 

Meanwhile, the committee presents the treasurer's statement, 
which is self-explanatory, and will be pleased to receive such definite 
instructions as to the division and investment of the fund as the 
Association may deem necessary. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

THOMAS FRANCIS FOX, 

JNO. B. HOTCHKISS, 

H. D. DRAKE, 

Committee. 

Treasurer's Statement, Hartford Monument Repair Fund. 

Amount in fund, June, 1913, when contributions ceased $2,020.83 

Interest at 3% since June, 1913 152.84 

Balancing of accounts, June, 1915, added to fund 1.00 

Received from New England Gallaudet Association 58.33 

Total $2,233.00 

JNO. B. HOTCHKISS, Treas. 
Washington, D. C, July 1, 1915. 

Mr. Meagher: I move that two trustees be selected to invest this 
fund, and otherwise look after it. 

The President: A motion was passed by the Executive Com- 
mittee, directing the Monument Committee to invest the fund at a 
good rate. It is in the hands of trustees and invested at 3%. The law 
says the money must be left in the hands of these trustees. 

Mr. Meagher: Then I move that we accept the report of the 
Monument Committee as read. 

Seconded by a delegate. 

Mr. McNeilly: 3% is too low a rate. You can easily obtain 
4%. I move that this be done. 

The President: A better rate than 3% can be obtained. Other 
funds of the Association are invested at 4% in strong institutions. 
Mr. McNeilly can change his motion to an amendment, that we sug- 
gest to the Monument Committee that it invest its fund to better ad- 
vantage, consistent with safety. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 73 

Mr. McNeilly changed his motion to an amendment, which was 
carried, and Mr. Meagher's motion, as amended, passed. 

The secretary read the report of the Industrial Bureau. 

REPORT OF INDUSTRIAL BUREAU, t 

I herewith present my report covering the work of the Industrial 
Bureau for the years 1914~'1S. 

The members of this committee were reappointed late in 1913. 
All were members of the old administration. 

The first work taken up was the plan for an Industrial Exhibit 
at this Convention. Considerable work was done on this feature, 
when at the request of the president it was called off. Mr. Cameron 
gave much valuable assistance in this undertaking, but I have not re- 
ceived any assistance from the other members of my committee during 
the past two years. 

The only other work undertaken was the investigation of why 
skilled deaf laborers have been denied employment in some of the 
large manufacturing plants in different parts of the country. In this 
matter your chairman has found that "Workmen's Compensation 
Laws," passed by several states during the past few years, are keep- 
ing the deaf out of many good positions. 

Bonding companies are going to be more strict in the future be- 
cause of this law. This matter needs further investigation. 

I approve the finding of the Cleveland Auditing Committee, but 
would suggest they go over my former financial report, which is still 
in the hands of Mr. Hanson. 

The graft charges have hindered the progress of this Bureau and 
I suggest a thorough "house cleaning." 

A list of questions on labor statistics for the deaf should be 
drafted between now and the time of the Hartford meeting and sub- 
mitted to that Convention. 

The United States Government should then be asked to get re- 
plies to these questions in 1920, then we would have a very cornplete 
list of figures at little cost to the Association. 

I have expended during the past two years $4.92, all for postage. 
I have a balance of $3.04. 

With thanks to all who have kindly assisted me and had faith in 
my committee. I submit this report. 

L. M. HUNT, 

Chairman. 

The President: I suspended operations in connection with our 
Industrial Bureau exhibit here at the Fair, because our exhibit at the 
Exposition would have been lost in the big show. 

The graft charges, referred to by Mr. Hunt in his report, came 
up before I took office as president. What shall we do with the 
report? 

Mr. Greene, of Tennessee, moved to accept. Carried. 



74 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

The President: Dr. Cloud finds that he has left his De l'Epee 
Memorial Statute Committee report at his hotel, but as he is on the 
program for another paper tomorrow, I shall, with your consent, shift 
these papers, and we will hear Dr. Cloud's suggestions as to the En- 
dowment fund. 

THE ENDOWMENT FUND— A SUGGESTION. 

By Dr. James H. Cloud. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : We were much inter- 
ested in the comprehensive, constructive, progressive and practical 
plan for the regeneration of the N. A. D. which was submitted to 
this Convention the other day by Mr. Howson. Others have made 
suggestions from time to time in the silent press with the same gen- 
eral purpose in view, but it remained for Mr. Howson to give them 
a compact, orderly working arrangement in a plan of his own. As 
Mr. Howson's plan involves certain constitutional modifications before 
it can be made effective, we can do little more than to put it forward 
as a part of the work to be attended to at Hartford two years hence. 

We all agree with Mr. Howson that the N. A. D. needs money — 
an endowment fund. That need has been noted and commented upon 
by leading members of the N. A. D. ever since the birth of the organ- 
ization thirty-five years ago. 

"Our friend the enemy" — the oral propaganda, has money, much 
of it the gift of one man, and is using it to influence public opinion 
in favor of the oral method of teaching the deaf. The means chiefly 
employed by the oralists to gain their ends — since their method can- 
not make much progress on merit alone — are press notices, magazine 
articles, pamphlets, agents and lobbyists seeking special oral legis- 
lation. The educated deaf best know the limitations of the oral 
method. They have learned this in the larger school of experience. 
They also know how the public is being misled by pro-oralists in 
various quarters. They owe it to themselves, and to those who follow 
them, to disillusion the public concerning the value of methods em- 
ployed in teaching of the deaf. The work of enlightening the public 
concerning the deaf devolves chiefly upon this Association. Talent 
and literature are needed and they are expensive. Money — an endow- 
ment fund — will help hold the organization together, add to its mem- 
bership, command the necessary talent and enable the Association to 
do more effective work. 

Two years hence there will be celebrated in Hartford the first 
centennial of the founding of deaf-mute instruction in America. This 
and other Associations of the deaf and of instructors of the deaf will 
meet and fraternize at the parent school during centennial week. The 
event will in all probability overshadow, both as regards attendance 
and importance, anything in the annals of the deaf since the dawning 
of civilization. 

The N. A. D. now has 1,500 members. The membership is likely 
to be further increased before the centennial celebration at Hart- 
ford m 1917. In view of this coming and auspicious event and the 
present pressing ijeeds of the Association, surely there must be at 
least 1,000 members willing and able to put in some extra effort in 
behalf of the organization and the cause for which it stands, and to 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 75 

practice some self-denial during the next two years in order to raise 
for the endowment fund at least $25 each. 

To turn over to the endowment fund of the N. A. D., on the 
occasion of the celebration of the hundredth anniversary of the found- 
ing of deaf-mute instruction in America, a sum equal to at least 
$25,000 would be a most appropriate and most useful gift for the 
occasion. I believe it can be done. Let us all make a united effort 
to that end. I propose that the president be instructed to appoint a 
special Centennial Endowment Fund Committee to take charge of 
the matter and carry it to a successful issue. 

The President: Does anyone wish to discuss the matter? Dr. 
Cloud makes a motion that we select a committee of three to get 1,000 
deaf people to raise $25.00 each within the next two years. 

Rev. Mr. Michaels: I think Dr. Cloud's suggestion is one of the 
best that has been presented here. I wish to go on record as favoring 
that each person raise $100.00 in the next two years. 

Mr. Jacobs, of California, rose to inquire the purpose of the En- 
dowment fund. 

The President explained the purpose of the Endowment fund, 
and the distinction between it and the General fund derived from fees 
and dues. With an adequate endowment the Association would be 
able to pay its officers salaries for doing work which now is a great 
tax- on their time and strength; it would permit the Association to 
carry out various plans for the general betterment of the welfare of 
the deaf. At present the Association has to depend entirely on fees 
and dues, which are uncertain. The cost of collecting dues each year 
is 'large. 

Mr. Wright: I desire to say something about the Endowment 
fund. I was at one time chairman of the Endowment Fund Com- 
mittee, and my committee added nothing to the fund. The Gallaudet 
Day Committee was appointed after the Cleveland Convention, with 
the object of raising money for the Endowment fund on Gallaudet's 
birthday, but this committee has done little. More faith was put in 
pledges. If this committee would work energetically every year on 
Gallaudet Day. I believe considerable money could be secured for the 
Endowment fund. 

The President: We have a Gallaudet Day Committee, connected 
with the endowment fund, for the purpose of raising money for this 
fund. The committee has been unfortunate. The Belgian relief fund 
started last year took several hundred dollars away from our com- 
mittee. 

Miss Coe: I wish to be first to pledge the collection of $25.00 in 
the next two years. This can be done through bazaars, sale of em- 
broidery work, lunches, etc. 

The President: Any more discussion of the subject? 



76 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Mr. Isadore Selig: During the last few years, I have seen com- 
mittees fast asleep, doing nothing. I think the president should select 
one agent in each state who would be able to do the work. 

The President: It is hard to get good workers in every state. I 
have tried for two years to get them, and have not always succeeded. 

Dr. Cloud's motion was put and carried without opposition. 

The president invited Mrs. Alice Taylor Terry, of Santa Monica, 
California, to the platform. She read the following paper: 

OUR PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. 

By Mrs. Alice T. Terry. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : When I was asked to 
speak before this representative body of my fellow deaf, the 
National Association of the Deaf, I desired to choose only the sub- 
ject that will emphasize in the clearest manner all our activities in 
behalf of our kind. Therefore, nothing suited me better than "Our 
Happiness," for after all, people will come to know us better, and 
they will like us infinitely better if we can impress upon them that, 
despite our affliction, we are constantly seeking our own betterment. 

Just now in the public eye, in Convention assembled, I should 
like nothing better than to have people say of us that "we look happy." 
If they can say that they will not pity us. On the other hand, our 
cheerfulness and our hopefulness will inspire them and cause them 
to wonder all the more at their own short-comings. It must have 
been precisely this impression of us that so inspired Secretary of the 
Interior, Franklin K. Lane, into one of his greatest speeches, that he 
delivered before Gallaudet College Alumni Association in Washing- 
ton. D. C, a year ago. He said, in part: "Nature in one of her 
mysterious moods placed her hands upon your ears, and in so doing 
dared you to presume to play life's game as men and women. You 
took up that challenge. You have triumphed and WE WISH A SHARE 
IN THAT TRIUMPH." 

A few more similar happy speeches by our great and influential 
men, published and sent broadcast, and the deaf will be in the truest 
sense "restored to society." 

For, by then, people will have become more thoughtful, they will 
have forgotten to merely pity us in their eagerness to commend us and 
grant us an equal chance in life. 

Not long ago, a California woman, the president of one of the 
greatest organizations in the State, was asked to speak before an 
audience of deaf people. Obviously the invitation had not appealed 
to her, but when she faced her audience she confessed rather re- 
morsefully to her interpreter that she had always thought that "deaf 
people had such a dull look in their eyes." She saw her mistake, and 
at once congratulated them upon their smiling, radiant faces, which 
moved and inspired her into a truly eloquent address. 

This is only one instance in many where the deaf have made 
true and lasting friends. People will turn to us instinctively, if they 
think that we are happy. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 77 

Then, and in accordance with the spirit of modern progress, in 
which all things move, we are not to stand still. Our happiness would 
not be secure if we did. That is the basis of our Association activity. 
That is why we have conventions. In this we are doing precisely like 
other people. It all goes to speak the naton-wide spirit of unity and 
progress. 

Let me speak now of our younger generation — our thousands of 
little deaf children throughout the United States. Let it always be 
the foremost object of the National Association of the Deaf to look 
after these unfortunate little ones and endeavor to see that they are 
started right on the road to Education. No one understands them 
better, no one loves them better than we do. Of all the methods 
by which deaf children are taught, the "combined method" stands 
out pre-eminently the best. It is the one true and tried method. It 
answers the practical and educational (I cannot emphasize that word 
education too strongly) requirements of the deaf child. It educates 
him mentally, morally, spiritually, physically — in short, makes him 
wholly and truly happy. The Oral Method may benefit the few, but not 
the many. 

Now in convention, and rejoicing in our ability to combat suc- 
cessfully life's battles, let us again credit our education to the "com- 
bined method" that was so extensively used in our schools in those 
days. 

O, for a return of the good old days! We cannot have again on 
earth the immortal Abbe d l'Epee, the Gallaudets and others; but we 
can and we will keep alive their practical, imperishable ideals on deaf- 
mute education. The act of destroying these ideals produces upon 
the deaf world an unspeakable sadness. It means to us just what it 
would mean to this country if it substituted some one else for George 
Washington or Abraham Lincoln. 

It may be argued that the amazing growth of Pure Oralism is a 
sign of progress. It cannot be, because the results do not justify the 
sinful waste of time and labor spent. Any system of teaching be- 
fore -it can be called Progressive must be able to show widespread and 
lasting results. As a rule these orally taught pupils, when through 
school, seek the other deaf to learn their sign language, fall in love 
with them, marry them and forget what they learned in articulation. 
This need surprise no one, for it is only natural. We have learned 
from experience that the world is not over-kind nor over-patient with 
the "deaf voice." Semi-mutes or those who lost their hearing after 
they had acquired fluent speech, have a hard enough time of it, but for 
those who never heard a spoken word in their lives the effort to con- 
verse orally with people is painfully embarrassing. There is no remedy 
for the defective "deaf voice." 

California being the mecca of so many tourists, I have here had 
opportunities to meet and talk with graduates and former pupils from 
nearly every school in the Union. In the usage of spoken or written 
English they hardly differ one from another. In no instance have 
those from the Oral School demonstrated the pure oral claim of 
teaching better English. And, always, the products of the "combined 
method" schools show more knowledge, more adaptability with the 
ways of the world. 

A beautiful young deaf lady said to me sorrowfully, "I was born 
totally deaf. My mother kept me in a pure oral school for the first 



78 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

five years. While they succeeded in teaching me to speak and read 
the lips to some extent, I did not know the meaning of the words I 
learned." Poor little child, how was she to know? Nothing but the 
illustrative language of signs and manual spelling will adequately 
explain the meaning of words to the eager little deaf-mute child. 
Later, when this girl was placed in a "combined method" school, her 
progress really began. But the struggle and tension of oral teaching 
had undermined her health. And she has never been able to finish 
her education. Nevertheless, she has profited wonderfully by her 
mastery of the sign language which she has since learned from her 
deaf associates. And now the best I can say of her is that she is 
happy. 

No doubt every one of you can rectite similar instances of the 
harm and disappointment caused by those oral zealists. But when 
will parents of little deaf children know better? 

Our public schools are characterized by strong, active Parent- 
Teacher Associations. They haye eliminated much of the political 
influence that had always been a blot upon their schools. When we 
can model our deaf schools more and more after these public schools 
and in that way succeed in getting parents properly enlightened we 
will be able to halt this oral evil. 

Meanwhile, we are to continue our activities in behalf of these 
helpless little children. The lack of sufficient funds need not neces- 
sarily discourage us. For remember, there is one power in the world 
greater than money. That is the power of Right. Ultimately it 
triumphs and sweeps everything else before it. 

The successful adult deaf have long been desirous of a place on 
the Board of Control of their Alma Mater. Such a yearning is natural. 
It proves that they have made good and in the name of justice want 
to go back to take a voice in the policy and destiny of their schools. 
Who but they could so well impress the little pupils and inspire into 
them the example of emulation? 

When we graduated, the superintendents invariably sent us ferth 
into the world with this command, "Be brave; be truthful." How the 
best of us have succeeded, God only knows. The fierce battles we 
have fought alone; the prejudice of deafness we have had to over- 
come also alone; the ceaseless struggle to prove to a cold, callous 
world that we are just like other people; in short, through sheer 
determination to ultimately triumph! Then to have our Alma Mater 
question our ability to serve on its Board of Control — does it prove 
that they'are our friends and wish a share in our triumph? There 
is much room for doubt. 

These Boards are in truth usually made up of persons who do 
not KNOW the deaf; cannot know their needs, and who are not 
altogether to blame if they, through misinformation, are misshaping 
the destiny of our schools. 

A prominent educator, an ex-superintendent of a deaf school, 
recently declared that this Board of Control business is a game of 
politics. It may be— and that reminds me to say that I wonder why 
Pure Oralism, which has been so long and faithfully pursued, has not 
yet fitted some of its graduates sufficiently well for politics. 

The spirit of independence is so thoroughly imbedded into sue- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 79 

cessful people that even now the blind clamor to be recognized as 
independents. They are tired of being considered dependents, and 
blame their parents and teachers for it. Independence makes happi- 
ness complete and ability manifest. 

One of the greatest forces for right in this day is the Evangelist 
Billy Sunday. Of course, some have objected to his wild, uncouth 
gestures; nevertheless, they have been greatly enlightened by his 
double force of delivery. When questioned about his method, Mr. 
Sunday replied, "My gymnastics in the pulpit — I employ them because 
I want to illustrate what I am saying. I want to appeal to the eye 
as well as to the mind. That is the Bible, man, parable, parable!" 

This man who has moved and inspired millions, is he not some 
sort of an authority? Mark that line, / want to appeal to the eye, 
that is to say, the voice alone is not enough. If Mr. Sunday were 
familiar with the methods used in deaf-mute education, he would say 
of the Pure Oral Method, "It is not sufficient." In this day of in- 
creased inventions, increased noises, who knows but that there will 
yet come an universal language of signs? 

About that word mute. Lately some of the teachers of the deaf, 
presumably the oral champions, have requested that we drop that 
word altogether. We have practically eliminated dumb 'and were glad 
to do so. Now it is easy to see why they would drop mute. It 
interferes with their imaginary oral progress. It would not be honest 
to drop that word. It describes properly those of us who are unable 
to use articulate language, who never could and never will. It is not 
a bad word, as they would have us think. 

Some of the most sublime passages in literature are characterized 
by the' word mute. Is not the powerful appeal in moving pictures 
mute? Again, since the great European war, the magazines have said 
with force and effect, "Piano of Paderewski is mute, great Pole grieves 
at war ruin." If we drop mute we will have to change the signs for deaf. 

As I have said, people like us best if we maintain always the 
cheerful face and the stout heart with a willingness and eagerness to 
work. But so long as states, through their legislatures, enact laws 
that humiliate us, or unjustly discrimiate against us by cutting us 
off from the employment we seek — because of our affliction — how 
are we going to keep up our courage? Right here is the need of 
powerful State Associations. Let the deaf of every State organize 
themselves into a strong, wide-awake Association for their protection, 
their own salavtion. Then the next best and most loyal thing for 
them to do is to join the National Association of the Deaf, and ad- 
here to it the rest of their days. 

As we grow in membership, so will we grow in power and in- 
fluence. There lived, and not long ago there died, in California, one 
of the world's greatest and bravest of men, Joaquin Miller. We are 
now near the hillsite which was his home. He evinced great interest 
in the several deaf people he met. No doubt many of you know him 
as the author of "Columbus," which is conceded by many to be the 
greatest American poem. My only wish is that the great poet had 
seen it rendered in the sign language. On this occasion I am going 
to declaim a part of it, for it embodies the spirit of true progress. It 
should spur and help us in our ceaseless labors for our fellow-deaf, 
and in our dearest of all aims — our pursuit of Happiness: 



80 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

COLUMBUS. 

Behind him lay the gray Azores, 

Behind the Gates of Hercules; 
Before him not the ghost of shores; 

Before him only shoreless seas. 
The good mate said: "Now we must pray, 

For lo! the very stars are gone. 
Brave Admir'l, speak; what shall I say?" 

"Why, say 'Sail on! sail on! and on!' " 



They sailed and sailed, as winds might blow, 

Until at last the blanched mate said: 
"Why, not even God would know 

Should I and all my men fall dead; 
These very winds forget their way, 

For God from these dead seas is gone. 
Now speak, brave Admir'l speak, I say." 

He said: "Sail on! sail on! and on!" 



Then pale and worn he kept his deck, 

And peered through darkness. Ah, that night, 
Of all dark nights; and then a speck — 

A light! a light! a light! a light! 
It grew, a starlit flag unfurled! 

It grew to be Time's burst of dawn. 
He gained a world; he gave that world 

Its grandest lesson: "On! sail on!" 

Mr. Greener: I am sure we all enjoyed the reading of this paper. 
I move that it be printed in the proceedings, and that we thank Mrs. 
Terry for preparing it. 

Motion carried unanimously. 

The president made announcement concerning the tree planting 
on the lawn, following adjournment, and about arrangements for re- 
turn trip of party going home by way of Canada. 

Adjourned at 11:35 to the school lawn. 



TREE PLANTING CEREMONY ON LAWN, CALIFORNIA 
SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

Two sequoia trees were planted. The first was planted by the 
National Association of the Deaf, President Howard, Vice-Presidents 
Greener, Glover and Howson, Secretary Roberts, and others, assisting 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 81 

in the ceremony. President Howard made a few well-chosen remarks 
following the planting of the tree. 

The other tree was planted by the officers of the California Asso- 
ciation of the Deaf. 

During the ceremony a representative of the Hearst-Selig Motion 
Picture News Service took pictures of the crowd for use in the weekly 
news film of that company. 

Mr. Winfield Scott Runde, president of the California Association, 
made the following remarks: 

MR. RUNDE'S ADDRESS. 

Friends : — Distinguished of all trees for its immensity is the 
Sequoia of California. For a thousand, yea, two thousand, three 
thousand years these trees have stood in our forests the monarchs 
of all growing things. Away from the multitudes, in the silence of 
the mountains, these stately trees have reared their huge forms. They 
were old when Christ was born. The larger ones saw Rome sacked 
and burned. 

China was young when they were old. They have recorded the 
rains of the ages. Their rings tell the wet and dry seasons. They are 
the tallest and largest living things in the world. They reach the 
great height of nearly three hundred feet — as high as a skyscraper — 
and the diameter at the base of one tree measures thirty-six feet. 
They tower so high that to photograph them is an impossibility, ex- 
cept in sections. On the stump of one of these Monarchs, two dozen 
or more people can dance with room to spare. It took a lumber firm 
over a year's time to fell and cut up one of these giants. A single 
tree can produce three thousand fence posts, enough shingles to roof 
eighty houses and still have plenty left to supply fire wood for a 
very long while. 

The Sequoia is almost fire-proof. Successive forest fires have 
failed to kill it. It is almost indestructible. The lumber from them, 
even when buried in the ground, takes many years to rot. That is 
why posts and ties made from them are used so extensively. 

We natives revere these trees. From them we draw many les- 
sons, not the least of them that they teach us how small we are, how 
little we know of the progress of civilization through the ages which 
they alone have survived. 

It is fitting in this ceremony to mark the place and the time where 
the National Association of the Deaf and the California Association 
of the Deaf met — that two young Sequoias be used to represent both 
Associations. 

May they grow up together even as the two Associations, now 
linked together, are bound to grow. And as they grow taller and 
stronger, so also may the National and the California Associations 
add to their strength and prestige and ever be, like these giants of 
the forest, the warders of the successive thousands of the deaf who 
will roam this world till the end of man. 

The delegates then repaired to a pavilion under the trees where 
an excellent luncheon was served by the principal and board of the 
school, the members of the local committee and officers of the institu- 
tion serving. 



82 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Friday Afternoon Session 

JULY 23 

THE GREEK THEATER, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

Called to order by President Howard, at 2:25, in the Greek 
Theater of the University of California. 

Owing to a misunderstanding of dates, President Benjamin Ide 
Wheeler, of the University, was not present to welcome the delegates. 

Mayor S. C. Irving, of Berkeley, delivered an address of welcome, 
Miss Pearl Herdman of St. Louis interpreting his remarks: 

MAYOR IRVING'S ADDRESS. 

It is not only my duty but my pleasure to welcome you to the 
City of Berkeley — a city that appeals to the one who loves a home, 
to the student and to the traveler. Our city, as you will note, has 
been highly favored by Nature, both in its location and in its climate. 
Situated as it is on rolling hills with a gentle slope to the great Bay 
of San Francisco, it presents possibilities for scenic and artistic 
effects in homes that few cities can offer. For you all realize that a 
home is not of four walls alone, but must have attractive surround- 
ings and freedom from a suffocating environment. To live happily 
we must have light and air and congenial associations — and these 
Berkeley has in such abundance as to create a feeling of envy in those 
communities less fortunately situated. As a health city, we are with- 
out a peer. In the report of the Health Department, just submitted, 
and covering the twelve months ending June 30, 1915, it is shown 
that our death rate is about fifty per cent of our birth rate, and that 
about fifty per cent of our death rate is of individuals who had reached 
the great age of four score years, or more. Where is there another 
city that can show such a record? 

Where you are now sitting in this vast theater of enduring stone, 
this gift of a public minded citizen, centuries ago the Indian loved to 
come to watch the descent of the blazing ball of fire behind the sleep- 
ing maid of Tamalpais. He loved these hills and here he hunted and 
roamed and mated, and here in the course of nature he died and was 
buried. 

Loved by primitive man, loved by civilized man, Berkeley wel- 
comes you and greets you. 

President Howard had prepared an official statement concerning the 
N. A. D., its aims, etc., for the occasion, but asked permission to dis- 
pense with the reading of same and print in the proceedings, in order to 
make way for other business on the program. Permission was granted. 

PRESIDENT HOWARD'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. Mayor: We have read of the conception in the mind of Ben 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 83 

Weed of the idea of using this natural amphitheatre as an assembly 
place ; of President Wheeler's development of this idea and of the carrying 
it into effect by Monsieur Benard and John G. Howard, through the gen- 
erosity of the Hearst Estate. We know of the distinguished personages 
who have entertained thousands from this stage and have felt themselves 
honored in so doing. We know of the multitude who visit this spot and 
of those who are drawn hither time and again because of the inspiration 
of its beauty. We feel and appreciate the honor done us in permitting 
us to assemble here this afternoon and we thank you. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : As one stands here and is impressed by 
the exquisite beauty and grandeur of Nature's handiwork and the skill 
and taste with which man has blended with it an example of his most 
noble effort, and observes the magnificent scope of the whole grand 
structure, his own insignificance _ is forced upon him. As he becomes 
more accustomed to his surroundings he must feel the inspiration of the 
place and rise to the occasion with the best he has to offer, the best in 
mind, the best in heart and the best in the hopes for the future. 

It is no wonder that the Greeks had many gods, for they lived in 
the open under skies like this, and in their souls they showed reverence 
to the one Great God by feeling that the greatness and beauty of His 
work must have required the efforts of a multitude. We wall ourselves 
in, cover our heads with roofs and domes, shutting out God's beautiful 
world, and we fail to appreciate Him and His wonder-works. Here, 
with God's own blue sky above, surrounded by His hills, His sea, His 
trees and flowers, in this niche dedicated to education and with an audi- 
ence so familiar with educational matters, yet unfamiliar with the special 
methods of teaching the deaf, it is fitting that we express the tenets of 
the educated deaf people of America on the subject. 

There are four methods of educating the deaf. They differ from 
one another and from the common practice of our public schools for 
hearing children mainly in the manner of communication between teacher 
and pupil. 

The Manual Method employs signs, said to be the original and nat- 
ural language of man, and which any child, whether deaf or hearing, if 
given the opportunity, learns naturally and readily; and the manual al- 
phabet. The best practice confines signs to the lecture platforms, to ser- 
mons, religious teachings and story telling, where the object is to touch 
the soul, while the manual alphabet is used to drill the child in English. 
You have this afternoon an example of the value of signs in public 
speaking. 

The Manual Alphabet Method differs from the Manual Method only 
in that signs are not used and the manual alphabet does service for both. 
Where the manual alphabet is used in public speaking, and every word is 
spelled out, you will appreciate that it is tedious both to the speaker and 
his audience. While the drill in language may be excellent, the slowness 
of delivery and the difficulty of following the speaker makes this method 
ineffective for platform use. In an assembly place of such dimensions 
as this, public speaking, by this method, would be impossible. 

The Oral Method discards both the sign language and the manual 
alphabet and relies entirely upon speech and lip reading. To those born 
deaf and who have no conception of vocal utterance, lip reading is noth- 
ing more or less than "lip signs" and speech is a memorized mechanical 
arrangement of the vocal organs to produce certain sounds ; both of which 
are acquired only by long and tedious drill, too often at the expense of 



84 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

actual education. A speaker can not be understood by the most expert 
lip reader at a distance greater than twenty-five or thirty feet, and at a 
much less distance only "when he is talking to the deaf." A speaker 
who is giving all of his thought to enunciation and little or none to what 
he is saying, and whose vocabulary is curtailed, lacks the power to in- 
spire. Sermons, addresses, stories, lectures, in the full sense of the mean- 
ing, are an impossibility. 

The Auricular Method is for the semi-deaf and is utilized in develop- 
ing latent hearing. 

All of these methods together form what is known as the Combined 
System, a common sense American product. 

In a school where a single method is used, the child must be fitted 
to the method. In a Combined System School the method is fitted to 
the child. 

There is no difference as to the age of the Manual and Oral Methods. 
The Manual Method originated in France and the Oral Method in Ger- 
many at practically the same time. 

The Manual Method was introduced into this country ninety-eight 
years ago by Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, and for many years was used 
almost exclusively in our schools. It has produced some of the best 
educated and most successful deaf men and women in the world. Later, 
the Oral Method gained foothold and some excellent work has been done 
by this method with children who lost their hearing by sickness after 
having acquired some knowledge of speech. Such children also have 
some conception of the structure of our language and usually make 
better progress than do the congenitally deaf. This has led parents 
of deaf children, and others who lack knowledge of the facts, to be- 
lieve that there is some advantage in the oral method. It is here 
that there has been much misrepresentation. Children who have lost 
their hearing at eight years of age or over, and who have a natural 
voice have been paraded as "products of the oral method," as have 
those who are semi-deaf. 

Having explained the several methods of educating the deaf, and 
having given some idea of conditions as they exist today, it may 
interest you to know what the deaf themselves believe. 

They believe that the American Combined System School is 
pre-eminently the best and most practical. It permits signs in their 
proper sphere, gives drills in spelling and in language by means of 
the manual alphabet, and in our best combined system schools it 
gives those who can profit by speech and lip reading, as good speech 
and lip reading as can be had in an exclusive oral school. 

There are three great organizations devoted to the education 
and uplift of the deaf. They are The American Instructors of the 
Deaf, The American Association to Promote Teaching of Speech to 
the Deaf, and our own National Association of the Deaf. The aims 
t ob J ects of a11 three are fundamentally alike. The day when 
these three organizations can get together and work together, will 
be a blessed day for the deaf. It is the purpose of the National Asso- 
ciation of the Deaf to appeal to the Carnegie Institution to give the 
matter of the education of the deaf a thorough and impartial investi- 
gation. We hope that the other organizations will join us in such 
an appeal and that the Institution will give it favorable consideration. 
All three organizations meet in Hartford in 1917 to participate in 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 85 

the celebration of the Centennial of the founding of the first school 
for the deaf in America. We hope and trust that a broad and liberal 
platform, upon which all can stand, may be agreed upon. We should 
like, also, to see the resources of the Volta Bureau at Washington 
placed at the disposal of all of the deaf and not devoted alone to the 
diffusion of information and knowledge with reference to oral in- 
struction. 

If such happy results may be brought about it will be fitting that 
the movement have impetus given to it in this beautiful Greek 
Theater, and may the light of God shine as brightly on the mooted 
question of deaf-mute education as it now shines here. 

The president then introduced Dr. H. B. Young, of Burlington, 
Iowa, who delivered an address, Miss Herdman interpreting. 

DR. YOUNG'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : The little talk that I 
had. in mind to give this afternoon was prepared with the idea that 
I should have to speak to hearing people more than to the deaf, but 
since the reverse obtains, I shall have to abbreviate considerably over 
my original intentions. 

That I should feel a trifle overcome by the distinction accorded 
me by your president here today must be evident to you, the more 
especially when I confess, as I must at the very outset, that I have 
only the most limited working knowledge of the sign language, and 
that I have no authority to speak for my professional colleagues, as 
might be inferred. Most of these, I fear, are, like the general public, 
in the dark upon this subject. Why a few of them, who take extra 
interest in the deaf not amenable to medicine or surgery, should be 
committed to views very different from mine is hard to understand. 
To me it is comprehensible only on the basis that Oralism bears the 
stamp, "Made in Germany," and this stamp, for some years in the 
professional world, has been the synonym for scientific — although 
there may have been instances where A3'/>er-scientific would be the 
more accurate rendition. 

But, as I indicated, in a brief communication to these colleagues 
last fall at a meeting in Boston (and to which I owe the honor of 
recognition upon this occasion), there are at least five reasons, 
gathered from common every day experience, why the sign language 
cannot be ignored in teaching the deaf, and one great reason why it 
cannot be ignored by anybody. 

That you may thoroughly understand, for many of you have not 
seen this address, although it was published last November, I think, 
in the "Deaf Mute's Journal," I will quote from that address the five 
reasons I cited at, that time. They were these: 

"First. Every parent uses signs as a means of teaching the hear- 
ing child to speak. 

"Second. The good preacher, good orator and good actor (and who 
of you has never been a devotee at the shrine of Punch and Judy) 
is distinguished from the indifferent ones of his class by his ability to 
present his points with appropriate gestures and signs, often more 
expressive than words. 



86 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

"Third. Now that the Tower of Babel, with its 'confusion of 
tongues,' is again a reality, through the advent of thousands who 
speak, but not in our language, it has become a necessity to use the 
language of signs, in all the avenues of industry. 

"Fourth. From time immemorial, the deaf have been educated by 
a system of signs, in most schools are so educated today, and the 
majority of those who have acquired speech may make more use of 
the signs. 

"Fifth. In short, when eighty-nine million, nine hundred and fifty 
thousand people are using the sign language, more or less, every day, 
it is hard to imagine a condition in which the fifty thousand scattered 
broadcast can be shut out from it." 

The one great reason embracing all these and others that might 
be named (why it cannot be ignored by anybody) is this: That it is 
the only universal language that ever has been or possibly ever will be. 
Sticklers for the technically exact expression may take exception to 
this statement because this universal language is not one of words. 
When we remember, however, that the purpose of conversation is 
the interchange of ideas, not the exhibition of symbols that may be 
written or spoken, and that all sorts of people can and do express 
themselves fluently on many subjects without words, this exception 
resolves itself into the refinement of criticism, and we may proceed to 
explain why this universal language has not come into its own. 

I think that it may actually be explained in a very few words, 
thus: Because no one has taken the trouble to put it before the public 
in its true light. Educators of the deaf, and the deaf themselves, 
have_ been alike slow to realize that to the average person, finger 
spelling and a few accessory gestures are the sum and substance of 
the sign language, whereas the truth of course lies just the other way. 
The "gesture" conveys the idea and is thus the principal, while the 
finger spelling is the accessory, just as we would spell out unusual 
words to a stenographer. As a corollary to this statement, I venture 
the assertion that very few, outside of those immediately concerned, 
know that there is a text book of the sign language which makes only 
minor mention of the manual alphabet. 

Wide-awake people in these days do not deride the business 
maxim, "It pays to advertise." Too often have they seen the meri- 
torious languish for lack of its exercise, and the half-meritorious 
thrive upon it. Oralism. particularly the so-called "pure oralism," is 
a striking illustration of this truth. The people at large know a lot 
about it (or think they do) from one or another of the thousands of 
circulars sent out by the Volta Bureau. They have seen Helen Keller, 
for a "consideration," possibly lesser lights of that kind "free gratis," 
and they take such exhibitions as proof of the oral advocates' claims. 

The literature is catchy and the show appeals to the "quid nuncs," 
and so it has come to be promotion with a big "P." 

Something has been done to controvert the impression thus pre- 
vailing, but the most of it appears in conventions of the deaf and 
Periodicals having an almost exclusive circulation among the deaf. 
With these the public at large is naturally not conversant. Moreover, 
°/. tnis P ubllc . a comparative few only have the opportunity to test 
this method for themselves. To some of these it may have occurred 
that the effort entailed upon both parties— the deaf to make in- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 87 

telligible speech and they to labialize so that they might be under- 
stood in return — was out of proportion to the satisfaction obtained, 
but they would not proclaim it from the housetops. Nor is it likely 
that the average person has ever realized that words are inadequate 
for an expression of the emotions. The emotions are all pictured, 
and from this fact alone the deduction is logical (if people would only 
reason a little) that the sign language is essential to complete ex- 
pression, and per contra that "pure oralism" is rightly dubbed "so- 
called," by those who have made an analysis. 

Unfortunately for the deaf the "pure food" law does not apply to 
language, and some new way must be blazed by which the public 
may be steered from imposition. 

The advantages of a universal language have long been recognized. 
Like the first Biblical curse, "Eat your bread by the sweat of your 
brow," the "confusion of tongues" has long been a stumbling block to 
man's convenience. The former having been thoroughly discounted 
by the misery seen in idleness, it might be worth while to see, what 
escape was provided from the latter through the law of contraries. But 
work to this end has so far been the other way. It has been an at- 
tempt to beat the Almighty by producing something new. Years ago 
I spent some otherwise valuable hours, vainly of course, over an in- 
vention called Volapuk. Some people are doing the same thing today 
with Esperanto; and right before their eyes is a much simpler and 
more comprehensive solution of the problem, in the sign language. It 
is indeed strange that there is no general realization of the fact that 
patronage of the photoplay is tribute to its power; even' more, that 
the common conclusion has not been drawn, viz: That what we do 
instinctively must have been put in us for some wise purpose. And 
it harmonizes, too, with the law of contraries. 

When I first advanced the proposition that hearing children should 
be taught the sign language in the public schools, I said that it might 
be looked upon as speculative. I had no idea that a practical test had 
ever been made of it. Shortly afterward I learned that in this I was 
in error, that such a test had been made, and that to Miss Bessie 
Reaves, a teacher in the Los Angeles public schools, should go the 
distinction of being the first to demonstrate the great utility of signs 
in the ordinary course of public school work. A child of deaf parents 
(identified with the activities of the deaf in Los Angeles, she may be 
known to many of you), she is expert in the use of signs. When she 
began to use signs in her school work it was to meet a puzzling 
difficulty about getting attention and discipline, so many of her pupils 
being of foreign extraction. It worked, and although some of the 
other teachers were at first disposed to ridicule, they ended in being 
imitators. It is my great regret that she is not here today to tell of 
her success as she told it to me in a recent interview. It was little 
short of an inspiration. 

I also regret that I have not more of a hearing audience. I particu- 
larly wished to tell those who are here for the Summer School something 
about the real sign language. I had it in mind to trespass on your good 
nature by showing a few signs which illustrate the fact that signs have 
roots and derivatives the same as words. I have myself learned it but 
recently, but it might be a revelation to them as it was to me. I shall 
naturally not attempt to teach those who know more about it than I, but 
this is my idea of the plan of campaign. Magnify the natural and 



88 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

conventional signs by showing their onomatopoetic significance and put 
the manual alphabet in diminuendo. If the hearing children are captured, 
as they easily can be, the grown-ups will follow. 

I want to thank you again for your consideration and your very 
cordial reception generally, and as proof of my appreciation I must no 
longer ignore the fact that you have other business. 

Mr. Kossuth Selig moved that the Convention endorse Dr. Young's 
views as presented in his speech. Seconded by Mr. Glover, and carried 
unanimously. 

No member of the Committee on Laws being present, the report of 
the Committee was read by Mr. Wright, of Seattle. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON LAWS. 

The Committee on Laws was appointed to consider changes and ad- 
ditions to the By-Laws. These changes and additions that have been 
proposed have been published in the official organ, the New York Jour- 
nal, and are submitted herewith for the consideration of the Convention. 

The object of publication was mainly to give notice that the changes 
would be considered at this Convention, and to give all an opportunity 
to study them and suggest improvements. As the Committee could not 
meet, the work had to be done by correspondence. Of course the Con- 
vention can make any desired changes in the proposed laws, after de- 
liberation and discussion : 

AMENDMENTS TO THE BY-LAWS OF THE N. A. D. 

ARTICLE I. 
Membership. 

Sec. 3. Associate Members. Deaf persons who are not citizens of 
the United States, and hearing persons actively interested in the work of 
the Association, may be elected Associate Member at any meeting by a 
two-thirds vote, or between conventions by a two-thirds vote of the Ex- 
ecutive Board. Associate Members shall have the same privileges and 
duties as regular members, with the exception of holding office. 

Sec. 4. Life Members. Any person otherwise eligible to member- 
ship may become a Life Member on payment of $25.00 at one time into 
the treasury of the Association. Life Members shall be exempt from 
annual dues, and shall have all the privileges of Regular or Associate 
Members. 

ARTICLE II. 
Officers. 

(Add the following section relating to vacancies.) 

Sec. 4. Resignations shall be made in writing to the President, with 
statement of reasons therefor. Vacancies in office caused by resignation 
or otherwise shall be filled by the President until the next election. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 89 

ARTICLE XII. 
Program Committee. 

(Insert the words "ex-officio" before "Chairman of the Committee," 
making the article read as follows.) 

At least three months before holding each National Convention, the 
Chairman of the Excutive Board shall also appoint three members, in- 
cluding the President of the Association, who shall be ex-officio Chair- 
man of the Committee, to prepare a program for the Convention, which 
shall be published at least one month in advance. 

ARTICLE XIII. 
Branches. 

Section 1. Where five or more members of the N. A. D. reside in 
one locality, a branch may be formed, to be known by the name of 
such locality. When such a branch is organized it shall send formal 
notice to the President, giving date of organization and names of offi- 
cers. The president shall notify the Executive Board, and if no 
objection is raised he shall issue a formal recognition of the branch. 
In case of any objection a two-thirds vote of the Executive Board 
shall admit a branch. 

Sec. 2. Local branches, organized as provided in Section 1, shall 
hold at least one meeting each year during the month of December for 
the election of officers, and after each election the names of the officers 
shall be sent to the president, and by him published in the official 
organ. The officers shall be a president and a secretary, and any 
branch may have such additional officers as the members may decide. 
Other meetings beside the annual meeting may be held as often as the 
branch shall decide. 

Sec. 3. Local branches may admit as social members persons 
not members of the N. A. D. But such social members shall not be 
entitled to hold office nor vote on matters affecting the N. A. D. 

Sec. 4. State Associations may become branches of the N. A. D. 
by giving formal notice to the president of a desire to affiliate with 
the N. A. D., and the president, with the approval of the Executive 
Board, shall issue a formal recognition of such State Association as 
a member of the N. A. D. Notice of election and the names of 
officers shall be sent to the president after each election. 

Sec. S. All branches, whether state or local, shall have full 
charge of their own funds and property, and shall not be financially 
responsible to the N. A. D., except to the extent of collecting and 
forwarding the individual dues of its members to the treasurer of the 
N. A. D. Conversely, the N. A. D. assumes no financial responsibility 
for any of its branches. 



90 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

Sec. 6. A branch may discontinue its membership in the N. A. D. 
by giving formal notice to the president, provided the dues of all 
the members are fully paid. If such notice is not given a branch is 
supposed to continue as a member. A branch may be dropped if 
half its members are in arrears or for other sufficient cause by a 
two-thirds vote of the Executive Board. 

OLOF HANSON, Chairman; 
GEO. T. DOUGHERTY, 
A. L. PACH, 

Committee on Laws. 

The report was read and adopted, section by section, without 
dissent. 

Mr. Runde, as president of the California Association of the 
Deaf, announced that his Association had voted to affiliate with the 
National Association as a branch thereof. California was, therefore, 
the first State Association to become a branch of the N. A. D. 

The report of the Bureau of Publicity was read by Mr. Wright. 

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF PUBLICITY. 

The Bureau of Publicity has responded promptly to all calls for 
literature. These calls have come from all sections of the country, 
mostly in small lots of one to ten copies. But 200 were sent by re- 
quest to New York, and fifty to Minnesota, and smaller lots to other 
states. 

About 300 copies of Circular No. 9, entitled "Methods of Edu- 
cating the Deaf and Opinions About the Sign Language," have been 
placed in educational institutions and public libraries. Many of these 
in acknowledging receipt have expressed a desire for additional liter- 
ture on the subject of the deaf. There is very little literature about 
the deaf accessible to the general public, and it would be helpful to 
have more of it in the public libraries. 

President Howard's Staunton address was sent to all super- 
intendents and principals of schools for the deaf. Circulars have 
been sent out to educators, to Mothers' Clubs, and to people whom 
it was thought they might interest. About 2,000 circulars and 
pamphlets all told have been sent. 

The small circulars are practically exhausted, but about 1,200 
copies of Circular No. 9 are still on hand, and about 200 copies of a 
circular entitled "Why the Deaf Oppose the Exclusive Use of the 
Oral Method of Instruction and Some Statistics on the Education 
of the Deaf in America," which have been received from Secretary 
Roberts, are available for distribution. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 91 

Below is a financial statement from the close of the Cleveland 
Convention to July 1, 1915: 

Balance on hand at close of Cleveland Convention August 27, 

1913, as shown in report page 158 $72.73 

By check returned by Treasurer Freeman 3.50 

By sale of copies of Circular No. 9 2.50 

Total receipts $78.73 

Expenses. 

To postage and expressage $14.60 

To printing circulars 6.25 

To manifold paper, carbons, etc 2.25 

Total expenditures 23.10 

Balance on hand July 1, 1915 $55.63 

OLOF HANSON, Chairman; 

A. W. WRIGHT, 

LAWRENCE BELSER, 

Bureau of Publicity. 
The report was accepted. 

Papers on the program by Dr. Thomas Francis Fox, of New 
York, and Mr. C. R. Barns, of St. Paul, were not read, their authors 
not being present, but were ordered printed in the proceedings. 

THE PROPER PLACE OF THE SIGN LANGUAGE IN THE 

EDUCATION OF THE DEAF AND IN ITS GENERAL 

USE IN AND OUT OF SCHOOL. 

By Dr. Thomas Francis Fox. 

Experienced educators accept as a practical truth that education 
gives one nothing beyond what he could have evolved out of himself, 
but it does produce this more quickly and more easily. Instruction 
creates nothing; it develops and unfolds existing capacities. When we 
attempt to develop something for which the natural disposition is 
lacking we are likely to meet with failure. On the other hand, if 
we attempt to suppress in one something for which nature has pre- 
disposed him, and for which she has planted the seed ready for devel- 
opment, we are likewise working in vain. The educator is only really so 
when he respects these fundamentals, and applies his teaching in 
such forms as will truly benefit the child; when he is an educator 
first and foremost, and not solely influenced by considerations of 
methods. To no group of educators do these principles so strongly 
apply as to that engaged in the instruction of deaf-mutes. 

At the present time two chief ends control the education of deaf- 
mutes — language and speech; these would seem to "be the be-all and 
the end-all" of their instruction. To not a few earnest and ex- 



92 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

perienced teachers this appears to be a mistaken principle. They 
consider that the fundamental thing is not speech, nor even language, 
per se, but rather the deaf mutes' idea of language associated with the 
effort he makes to express thought. In thinking, the normal mind 
seems to discard language altogether.- Everything that is seen or 
heard produces a picture; every argument that is made goes through 
the mind with the rapidity of lightning. It does not stop for words; 
the thought comes first, and then comes the effort to express that 
thought. Consequently, in devoting so much time to mechanical 
speech and language, much of real value is lost to deaf-mute children, 
and this is particularly the case in the neglect to develop the 
power of thinking — the mental search for means which will be ade- 
quate to achieve ends — and which is so closely related to conduct 
and behavior. It gives us knowledge of things, we think about them 
and apprehend their constituent qualities, and by comparing them 
one with another in respect of these qualities reach general ideas of 
them. In short, thinking is social experience — the consciousness por- 
trayed with other selves; it is that which thinks, suffers and wills, 
and w,hich brings before us the self, the human soul, which may 
express itself in imperfect speech and language, and yet in a way 
that will be clearly understood. 

There is a very intimate relation between language and thought, 
so close, indeed, that in some languages to speak and to think are 
expressed by the same word. Nevertheless, there is much in speech 
and language that has little indication of thought, for the power of 
expressing clearly and exactly the intellectual operations depends, in 
a degree, upon the development of the intelligence. Consequently, 
in considering language in the education of deaf-mutes we should 
keep two facts clearly in view: 1. Speech and language are not 
synonymous terms, although they are often employed as words of 
the same meaning. Speech is a language articulated by the vocal 
organs; language may be considered as any means of communication 
between two intellects. Speech is, therefore, one kind of language, 
but it is not the only one. 2. For the congenital deaf-mute there 
exists only a visible form of language. He seems predestined to the 
language of signs, and he seizes upon visible gestures under the same 
natural necessity as that under which the normal man speaks and 
expresses himself in audible sounds. 

These are stubborn facts, but we should not conclude therefrom 
that it necessarily follows that every attempt to teach speech to the 
deaf is foolishness; it affords simply a basis for determining the 
linguistic nature of the deaf-mute in general. The question here is 
not whether the deaf should or should not le.arn speech, but whether 
this artificial language is qualified to serve as the foundation of the 
entire instruction of all classes of the deaf. It is conceded that many 
deaf-mutes have mastered speech to such a degree that they can 
make themselves understood, and, for the sake of argument, it may 
even be conceded that it is possible to teach all deaf-mutes at least 
sufficient speech as to enable them to carry on the most necessary 
oral intercourse with those with whom they come into daily contact. 
This speech may be unintelligible to strangers, but relatives and 
friends may become so accustomed to the imperfect pronunciation 
that even this defective speech may possibly serve the deaf person 
in his intercourse with others. But the usefulness of a deaf-mute in 
practical life does not depend solely upon his power of speech; his 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 93 

mental, moral and religious education is yet of greater importance. 
Will speech alone insure him successful accomplishment in these 
directions? Here we are confronted by a serious question. The too 
ready oral advocate, with perfect hearing, and probably little knowl- 
edge of the deaf beyond school life, will enthusiastically answer 
"yes," but the experience of the orally-taught deaf ends with their 
taking up and using the sign language for their moral, religious and 
mental improvement. To the unthinking this may seem a stupid pro- 
cedure. To the deaf, who know to the full what deafness implies, 
it is the only wise, because the only natural, course to pursue. It 
may cause pain to their former teachers who do not understand 
signs, nor the need of them, who are trained to regard signs with 
horror; nor are they generally familiar with conditions which con- 
front the adult deaf performing their part of the world's work. Let 
them study these conditions and perhaps their general idea of educa- 
tional methods will broaden, or, at least, lead them to be more 
considerate in estimating the use of the sign language by the deaf. 
And, if they would only realize the truth, they would learn signs as 
an aid to their work, for better speech can be taught to a deaf child 
when the teacher is skilled in the use of the sign language. 

Under normal conditions a man is always able to utter articulate 
sounds at will. The sounds uttered are easily perceptible both to 
speaker and hearer, and they are distinctly apprehensible even when 
they follow each other with great rapidity. Man does not speak with 
the ear any more than an artist paints with the eye. But as the 
brain of the artist guides his hand, and the latter is directed and 
watched by the eye, so the soul of hearing man listens to its own 
activity, and so it controls and directs the play of the musical-speech 
apparatus through the sense of hearing. To him language is not only 
a means of communication with others, but it is in the first place, 
and above all, self-consciousness, communion of the speaker with 
himself. In effect, as an instrument of thought, language fixes as 
permanent possessions of the mind the results of conceptual analysis 
and synthesis so that they may be utilized as occasion demands in 
subsequent ideal construction. As an instrument of communication 
it is the means by which an individual prompts and controls processes 
of conceptual analysis and synthesis in the minds of others. These 
two functions of language are intimately united and interdependent. 
It is only so far as man, by the use of language, signifies his own 
thoughts to himself that he is enabled to make others think corre- 
sponding thoughts. On the other hand, conceptual thinking could 
not pass beyond a very rudimentary stage in the absence of such 
ideal communication between different minds as language' makes 
possible. 

Speech is an audible language addressed to the ear; the deaf- 
mute is without hearing, and for him there exists no audible language. 
He cannot embody his inner emotions in articulate sounds, cannot 
translate them into sounds, and, therefore, this function, which in 
hearing man is filled by the ear, is performed by the eye. The deaf- 
mute is a creature of the eye; it is with the eye that he takes into 
himself the outer world, and after the raw material purveyed by 
his four senses has been mentally worked into shape, he does not ex- 
press his conceptions audibly, but visibly, by the manual alphabet or 
signs. In the manual alphabet he has an agent which satisfies the 
same condition of rapidity, in a large measure, as speech to the 
normal man. Written language is not so uniformly producible at 



94 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

will; it presupposes the presence of writing materials, but it has the 
great advantage of not being evanescent. Ordinarily speech, writing 
and the manual alphabet, are all conventional systems of signs. The 
nexus between sign and thing signified depends merely upon their 
conjunction in past experience, upon their having been attended to 
together. Otherwise there is nothing in the nature of the sign itself 
tending to suggest its meaning. The sound of a word has no more 
intrinsic connection with an object than any other sound. 

It is otherwise with the language of signs. A natural sign has 
frequently some feature in common with what it represents, and it 
is this community of nature which primarily forms the link of con- 
nection between them. They fulfill the same essential functions as 
conventional signs. Each gesture expresses a universal, and the 
combination of such gestures in a context express a synthesis of uni- 
versals, each determining what is indeterminate in the others. In 
this way prolonged descriptions and narratives are possible through 
natural signs alone, and there may be complex interchange of ideas 
between persons who have had no previous intercourse, and who 
possess no conventional language in common. But natural signs do 
not afford the same complete power of mutual comprehension as 
does the sign language used by the American deaf in social conver- 
sation. In this there is no misunderstanding, and there is scarcely 
a deaf person, no matter what his education, who does not acquire 
the sign language and the manual alphabet when he has an oppor- 
tunity to do so. If he is an intelligent, bright person, talks and 
writes and reads a great deal, he usually employs the sign language 
with great facility. But the converse is not true, that every intelli- 
gent, refined deaf person can readily acquire speech so a.s to use it 
freely and to his advantage. It is a labor of great pain and judgment 
in the case of many deaf-mutes. But they can take up the sign lan- 
guage, addressed to the eye, transmit ideas and receive ideas with an 
ekse, facility, enjoyment, enthusiasm which stamps it as the language 
of his heart and soul — as his real natural language. In this train- 
ing far more can be communicated to him, and far more may be 
educed from him through the sign language than by speech or 
anything else. 

It is clear, then, that language has been evolved from two forms 
of expression — gesture and sound imitation — the hand and the ear. 
These have been from the beginning the organs most intimately con- 
nected with the human brain's most frequently traveled paths. For 
the great majority of the world's population human language has 
proceeded mainly along the auditory path. The congenital deaf- 
mute child inherits a human brain modified structurally by years of 
speech and speech ideation. In him thought of a virile nature may 
exist without verbal language, but extensive mental growth is pos- 
sible only through word associations, especially in the realm of 
abstract thought, and here he is greatly handicapped when he enters 
school. Now, among many speech teachers, whom the deaf per- 
sonally respect for their enthusiasm and devotion, but question their 
full comprehension of this subject, the notion prevails that in order 
to have the full conception and realization of the value of words, 
speech is necessary— that without speech the deaf cannot reason. 
I here is no evidence to show that primitive language was phonetic, 
and change of sound and change of meaning have deprived words of 
their original life-likeness to the ideas which they express. As the 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 95 

sound-images gradually ceased to be such, and became symbolic, 
other words came into use, which could never have been sound- 
images, but were symbols of visual or tactual, not auditory, im- 
pressions. The views our friends hold are those of certain thinkers 
who insist that thought is impossible without language, that language 
and thought are, in fact, merely two sides of the same phenomenon. 
Now, this theory is certainly based upon a very ordinary experience. 
When we find ourselves in the act of reasoning, we usually find that 
we are silently imagining the words of our argument; and in gen- 
eralizing, also, the verbal image is very apt to form the center of our 
concepts, so that the general notion is apt to include the verbal 
image. But beyond this assertion of the frequent occurrence, in our 
thinking, of the verbal images we have no right to go. Language is 
a system of signs, composed of certain images, usually auditory, 
mot6r or visual. Thinking, on the other hand, necessarily includes a 
consciousness of untemporal unity. It is not reasonable to assert that 
this feeling of unity is absolutely dependent on one's possession of 
any specific set of images. These facts help us to answer the ques- 
tion whether we "think" without words. Going back to the beginning 
of thought, to the time when active imagination and thought were 
identical, the answer is yes — active imaging can be done without 
words, and active imaging is the earliest kind of thought. 

Advocates of pure oral instruction for the deaf proclaim that 
speech is a system of nature, but overlook the important point that 
it should be addressed to the ear, and further conveniently forget the 
function played by gestures in this dual system. Gestures are an 
invariable adjunct, involuntarily employed by adults to help a child 
to understand the words they use. Such gestures are generally ges- 
tures towards objects; less frequently, and ordinarily only in the case 
of words meaning some activity, the gestures take the form of repre- 
sentations. The child has a natural understanding of their meaning, 
while he has no such understanding of words. Even the sound-form 
words of child speech never become intelligent to a child until the 
objects have been, frequently pointed out. The adult is the creator 
of these words and seeks instinctively to accommodate himself, to 
the stage of the child's consciousness in this respect as well as in 
others. Now we have here a sure indication that a child's learning 
to speak is the result of a series of associations and apperceptions, 
in the formation of which both the child and those about him take 
part. Mother or nurse voluntarily designate particular ideas by us- 
ing certain words, taken from expressive words made by the child, 
or_ by using sound-form words made arbitrarily. The child apper- 
ceives this combination of word and idea after it has been made 
intelligible to him by means of gestures, and then associates the idea 
with his own imitative articulative movements. He then forms other 
associations by imitating of his own accord the words and verbal 
combinations which he accidentally hears adults using, and by mak- 
ing the proper associations with their meanings. The whole process 
is thus the result of a psychical interaction between the child and 
' those about him. The sounds are first uttered by the child alone, 
then those about him take up < these sounds and make use of them for 
the purpose of speech. Can we expect the congenital deaf-mute child 
to follow this process wherein sound plays so important a role? • We 
see that normal speech develops essentially from the intentional ex- 
pressions. They may take a manifold form before the movement 
of lips and vocal cords are assisting. The finger which points to the 



96 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

desired object secures a voluntary social contact. The sign language 
indicates how much expressive gestures may become the carriers of 
communication concerning a rich, mature life. 

This suggests particularly the part the sign language may fill in 
the early instruction of the deaf in language — the real system of 
nature for them. In the schools for their education there are to be 
found among the pupils almost as many qualities of intelligence and 
of deafness as there are forms of sickness in the various ailments 
that come upon them. As in the treatment of the latter no one unal- 
terable prescription suits all conditions, so in the former we cannot 
prescribe one only form of education treatment for all cases. The 
needs of individuals must be studied and met. Teachers using an 
exclusive method, if they are honest and candid, must admit that 
ordinarily when deaf children first come to school they necessarily 
use signs, for that is their only language. For the first two years, or 
longer, perhaps, they may be taught through writing, the writing be- 
ing explained, when necessary, by signs. This is said to be the 
process in some oral schools. The introduction of signs into the 
classroom in the early stages of instruction thus unquestionably be- 
comes useful, even if signs are banished after the second year and 
reliance placed entirely upon the vocal organs. 

With congenital deaf-mutes, in many schools using signs, through 
an early process by questions and answers in the presence of objects, 
and in connection with actions and special circumstances,' all the 
principles of language construction are gradually unfolded. Each 
new point is introduced by a direction, the method of obeying which 
can easily be exhibited to the pupil, or by a question the significance 
of which evolved from the connection or from the answer. The re- 
sult is that the pupil learns to translate from mental pictures into the 
ordinary forms of the English language, and to attach words directly 
to ideas — a process usually, but rather incorrectly, called thinking in 
language. The only intermediary required to be used is the manual 
alphabet, a necessary aid in the operation of committing to memory. 
Every hearing child, silently reading or memorizing, mentally trans- 
formseach written or printediword into one which represents corre- 
sponding sounds to his mental ear. Otherwise he would be obliged 
to carry in his mind a vision of words composed of separate letters, 
arranged not on principles which appeal to the eye, but on those 
which appeal to the ear. The effect of picture does not exist; that 
of sound does. With the deaf, to carry in the mind the forms of 
written words as seen would be a task above the power of the ordi- 
nary intellect. By means of the manual alphabet, either actually or 
mentally applied, the pupil makes the word part of himself. 

There are two other intermediaries that are little used in the 
earlier part of this instruction, which develop the idea of language 
and the principles upon which it is founded, but regarded as very 
important in the subsequent rapid introduction of the pupil to the 
meaning of terms and to the general grasp of a given thought, viz., 
(a) Short, significant, distinct gestures for individual words, asso- 
ciated with those words and with no otters. By means of such word- 
signs the teacher is able to dictate a passage or sentence in such a 
way that when the pupil supplies the appropriate word to each sign 
he reproduces each sentence in the exact phraseology in which it 
existed in the mind of the teacher. On the other hand, the pupil, 
when reading, will mentally make, or rather see. a sign for each 




School for the Deaf, Berkeley. 

And the many schools and churches 
Tell of faith in human beings. 
Love that for the Blind, the Deaf, 
Pleads with soulful voice and pen, 
Pleads till justice is accorded. 
And on charming heights arise 
Special schools, where tested methods 
Work out many a great surprise. 




Greek Theater, University of California. 

But the City and its people 

Call us from the thrilling show, 

And we clasp hands warm with welcome, 

In whichever way we go. 

Welcome even on the hillsides, 

Whence the happy dwellers look, 

O'er enchanting scenes grouped into 

T heir well-chosen Picture Book. 




— ACT* " - ~ i " B3P "~~ 
'■• ■ '111- • -St. "- " . ':, ' ; 

ien'illSli^ 



Hotel Dale, San Francisco. 
Convention Headquarters. 




Hotel St. Francis, San Francisco. 

California, we must leave you, 

Owning like a Queen of old, 

After an amazing visit, 

That the half was never told. 

And while she to view that splendor, 

Spent, none know, how many hours. 

We insist, your wealth Is vaster. 

Grander in productive powers. 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 97 

word, just as the hearing child mentally hears its pronunciation. 
Given a knowledge of the carrying power of the sentence, all that 
is necessary for the comprehension of each sentence is for the pupil 
to understand the meaning of the words and phrases composing it. 
(b) Natural signs, which always spring up when two or more deaf- 
mutes are brought into association with each other, and which no 
amount of care on the part of any teacher can prevent their using. 
Representing the picture formed in the mind of the pupil by what he 
reads or what he sees, they are the best possible representation of 
his thought. If he is able, by their means, to express graphically and 
clearly the exact idea embodied in a given sentence, it is the 'most 
convincing proof that he comprehends it fully. 

Through the use of signs, daily lectures may be given on morals, 
history, geography; in fact, upon any conceivable topic. They, more- 
over, encourage the pupils to exercise and amuse themselves in public 
readings, in declamation, dialogue, and debate upon various subjects 
at the meetings of their literary societies. The word-signs are never 
arbitrary, but have a fixed foundation in nature, and the order of 
ideographic signs is so arranged that the combination presents a 
pantomimic scene so striking that, given the clue, even the uninitiated 
eye cannot fail to recognize it. From the foregoing it will be per- 
ceived that in teaching principles of construction signs are not used, 
that in enlarging the pupil's vocabulary word-signs are most profita- 
bly employed, and that in imparting ideas and appealing to the heart 
and to the higher principles of action resort is constantly had to 
ideographic signs. It is clear that the sign language thus properly 
and wisely employed is a most important element in the education of 
the deaf. To ascribe to it responsibility for the imperfect use of 
language by some deaf-mutes is unfair; the same errors of construc- 
tion and expression is observable in the language of deaf-mutes 
taught through speech alone, and its cause is not assignable to the 
method of instruction employed. In fact, if the deaf-mute commits 
solecisms in the choice of words, makes mistakes in the order of the 
sentence, is guilty of the omission of connectives, and is faulty in 
grammatical terminations, it is not, except in rare instances, because 
there is anything in signs that suggests these errors, but because he 
has an imperfect mastery of the instrument he is using. This is 
because he has not had sufficient practice in its use. Here truth 
requires that we acknowledge with candor that to use signs in due 
subordination to their intended ends is a difficult matter, and often 
a fatal stumbling block to inexperienced teachers, who by example, if 
not by precept, employ the sign language in the expression of thought 
on many occasions where he might have employed the English lan- 
guage, and thus have gained the practice through which alone any 
language can be acquired. It is this overuse of signs that leads 
many to consider it advisable to discontinue their use in the class- 
room altogether. 

While the excessive use of signs in classroom instruction is harm- 
ful, and is to be condemned as tending to prevent the acquiring of 
correct English, their redeeming qualities are so varied and valuable 
that they will ever remain an important adjunct in the instruction of 
deaf-mutes. Nearly seventy years ago Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet 
expressed the opinion that "in what relates to the expression of 
passion and emotion, and of all the finer and stronger sentiments of 
the heart, this language is eminently appropriate and copious. So 
far as objects, motions or actions addressed to the senses are con- 



98 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

cerned, this language, in its improved state, is superior in its accu- 
racy and force of delineation to that in which words spelled on the 
fingers, spoken, written or printed are employed." Today this re- 
mains true in the view of those who know and appreciate the value 
of signs most — the educated deaf. It is not necessary, nor is it de- 
sirable in any system devised for the education of the deaf, to omit 
or prohibit the sign language, springing up and ripening, as it does, in 
the social instincts, the mental life, of every deaf person. As used 
by educated deaf-mutes and their teachers, it reaches a clearness, an 
eloquence as impressive to them as any spoken language is to any 
hearing audience. Measured by its beneficial influence upon them, 
the sign language is the greatest benefit to deaf-mutes that all edu- 
cation has brought forth. This is a serious assertion, and what is 
more to the point, it is true. Stripped of all theory, it has in the 
past, and is at present bringing more real education and happiness 
to deaf-mutes than any other single agent. It should, therefore, as 
the natural language of the deaf and the mother language of the 
world, be accepted as a valuable, and even indispensable, adjunct at all 
stages in the course of instruction, while its excessive and injurious 
use should be carefully guarded against. In all this discussion we 
have intentionally confined ourselves to the congenital deaf-mute, 
leaving out entirely any consideration of the semi-mute. 

Considering not the value of but the absolute necessity of the sign 
language as a contributor to the religious, moral and intellectual 
improvement of the adult deaf, every master of the language knows 
how completely it may be made to convey and clearly express the 
highest religious and moral truths, sentiments and every shade of 
; feeling. If any doubt exists on this point we need merely inquire 
of the Episcopal, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Baptist and 
Hebrew clergy, hearing men who have entered this special missionary 
field to afford religious light and instruction to the adult deaf, to 
guide their spiritual aspirations and to direct their temporal affairs 
when appealed to. After careful consideration of every possible 
means of reaching the heart and soul of deaf-mutes, these cultured 
men, untrammeled by tradition or the fetish of method or system, 
looking solely to ultimate results in the solemn duty before them, 
have unhesitatingly adopted the sign language as the sure and sole 
means of conducting congregational services. It is their main re- 
liance in reaching the minds and souls of their people, in opening the 
heart, uplifting the soul, and bringing spiritual hope and comfort to 
those who walk in silence. What stronger evidence can be required 
of the necessity of this language for the deaf? 

To the occasional cry for a "speech atmosphere" in schools em- 
ploying the combined, system, we would modestly, but none the less 
emphatically, suggest that the suppression of the sign language in 
the playrooms and playgrounds of deaf children is a measure of 
cruelty, opposed to their instincts, inimical to their happiness, and 
detrimental to their moral and intellectual development. And where 
™? re 1S a total separation within an institution of one class of deaf 
children from another, except as a temporary means of discipline, 
or in cases of infectious disease, it is devoid of all religious, moral 
or social sanction. 

Last summer, during the Convention of American Instructors of 

t iuk /■ J' C ; Howard > * he president of the National Association 

ot the Deaf, in the course of a public address to the members of 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 99 

the Convention, made the following statement in reference to the 
educated deaf: 

"If their judgment is not sound, if they cannot reason to logical 
conclusions from their own experience, what, may I ask. is the use 
of your efforts at educating the deaf? Stamp them as lacking in 
judgment and reasoning power, and you stamp yourselves as failures 
as educators. Ask them as to the means of educating the deaf that 
they believe most beneficial to the moral and intellectual well being 
of the deaf and they will be practically unanimous in their support of 
the combined system." 

The general question among the deaf today is, "Why did not 
the Convention answer Mr. Howard?" Is it because the statement is 
unanswerable, or are the educated deaf beneath the attention of the 
members of the Convention? We can hardly believe the latter to be 
the case, but if. unfortunately, it should be so, it remains for the edu- 
cated deaf to continue the propaganda of which "by their fruits" is 
the first note. We would here recall to the attention of the pro- 
fession of instructors of the deaf the wise saying of one of the old 
masters, Isaac Lewis Peet, when he declared, in an utterance which 
seems prophetic, "that the problem in which they are personally so 
interested is eventually to be solved, not by hearing and speaking 
theorists acting on outside lines and giving directions to the carrying 
out of predetermined evolutions, but by the consensus of opinion 
among the educated deaf-mutes themselves, acting from the inside, 
learning from a comparison of views the benefits conferred and the 
injuries inflicted upon them by wise and unwise training." 



THE AGGRESSIONS OF ALEXANDER. 

By C. R. Barns. 

The two most interesting chapters in the history of education 
among the deaf in America are those which deal, the one with the 
achievements of Gallaudet and Clerc, and of the instructors who 
followed in their path; the other with the aggressions of Alexander — 
that Alexander whose surname is Bell, and whose middle name 
reminds one of a popular cracker. The work of Gallaudet, Clerc and 
their disciples was along constructive, progressive and pre-eminently 
rational lines. Casting aside the plan long so popular in Europe, of 
endeavoring to thwart nature by substituting a wholly forced and 
unnatural method of communication where she had denied to some 
of our race the gifts of speech and hearing, these truly scientific men 
sought rather to work in harmony with her, by developing the means 
she had herself provided, in the language of signs. In their hands 
this language was developed into a wonderfully flexible, expressive 
and beautiful system. It appealed at once to the intelligence of the 
deaf pupil. It involved no physical torture, no long, blind, groping 
after hidden meanings. Under the influence of the manual system, 
intelligence quickly brightened, knowledge was rapidly acquired, the 
translation of signs into written words on the blackboard led finally 
to such facile use of pencil and paper, in communicating with the 
hearing world, as was often a matter of astonishment to the edu- 
cators of that world. Pupils thus taught were found to surpass, in 
many cases, those who had enjoyed the alleged "superior advantages" 



100 ELEVENTH (SPECIAL) CONVENTION 

of the schools for the hearing. A friend of mine — Samuel T. Harris— 
the valedictorian of his class at Brown University, once jokingly said 
to me that, since the deaf seemed to make so much better progress at 
school than the average hearing child, he wondered why Providence 
had not made everybody deaf! 

If the work being so efficiently and beneficently done in the 
schools for the deaf prior to the arrival in this country of Aggressive 
Alexander, in 1872, could have been carried on without the intrusion 
of the pernicious fad of oralism, there is little doubt that thousands 
of the deaf of America would today be living on a higher intellectual 
plane, as well as on one of higher social enjoyment and industrial 
efficiency. Alexander had inherited his father's devotion to the fad 
of so-called visible speech. He became the foremost propagandist of 
the pure oral method. As such his coming to America might ,well 
be compared, in its blighting effect on the education of the deaf, to 
the landings of the famous yellow fever ship which once sailed up 
the Mississippi River, distributing the plague at every place where 
she stopped. 

Dr. Bell's success in the work of spoliation among our schools has 
been largely attributable to two factors:. First, that of his own ad- 
mittedly powerful personality; second, the adroitness with which he 
has worked upon the misguided affections of parents, who have 
eagerly listened to his claims that oralism provides "something just 
as good," or nearly so, in place of the lost hearing and speech. In 
his personality he combines with a ponderous intellect an equally 
ponderous egotism and the stubbornness of the Scotchman, whom no 
evidence as to the falsity of a belief once accepted will induce him to 
abandon it. Add to this the endowment of a vast fortune from his 
invention of the telephone, which fortune he has shown himself 
willing to spend with a lavish hand in crushing those who refuse to 
accept his word as law in the education of the deaf, and we can begin 
to realize how the defenses of rational methods have suffered from 
his attacks. He has been spoken of as a ''live wire." In the sense 
that a human "live wire" is a "shocking" fellow, this is no doubt true, 
for verily the shocks he has given us have been many. The Volta 
Bureau, founded by him, is appropriately named, since Volta, whom 
Alexander sought thus to honor, was the inventor of a new apparatus 
for giving shocks to mankind, and the bureau, since its first estab- 
lishment, has been doing a shocking work for a false system. 

But the aggressions of Alexander have been by no means con- 
fined to his attacks on the only rational system of teaching the deaf. 
He has attacked the segregation of deaf children in large institutions, 
as tending to their segregation in the community after they shall 
have left school. And this natural drawing together — something 
through which the deaf now find so much social happiness — is to him 
something horrible. For he finds that, drawn together in such a 
companionship as is often unattainable by them among hearing peo- 
ple, our young men and maidens are prone to fall in love with one 
another, and to marry. He declares that this will lead to the pro- 
duction of "a deaf variety of the human race." So he would break 
up the schools, scatter the pupils, forbid the assemblies and church 
services and entertainments which now go so far to make life worth 
living for the deaf; and thus would he protect our race against so 
great a calamity! It counts for naught with him that statistics show 
that only a few more deaf children are born to deaf parents, in pro- 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE DEAF 101 

portion to their numbers, than are born to hearing parents. It mat- 
ters not that Nature constantly works for a return to the normal, 
so that deafness after a few generations disappears from families in 
which it was once frequent. For the mighty Alexander has said it, 
and before his egotistical assertion of superior knowledge all censuses 
and sciences must bow! 

Other very offensive policies of aggression pursued by Alexander 
have been: 1. The employment of paid agents to influence legis- 
lators in favor of the oral method as more progressive and up-to-date 
than the well-tried manual method — whereas the manual is in fact 
the more modern of the two, and the only method under which sat- 
isfactory progress is possible with the whole body of the deaf. 2. 
His custom of picking out "orally-taught" pupils, who were well 
advanced in speaking and general education before they became 
deaf, or some miraculously endowed prodigy like Helen Keller, and 
trotting them out as examples of the superior results attained by 
the oral method — the fact being, in Helen Keller's case at least, that 
all the foundations and most of the superstructure of her educational 
development were laid and erected by the manual method. Add to 
these offensive courses the course that he and his Volta Bureau have 
pursued in forcing out of the schools for the deaf the highly educated 
and peculiarly well-qualified deaf teachers, who were there finding 
the most fitting employment for their talents, and we have a list of 
aggressions which should seemingly satisfy the rancor of the most 
vindictive enemy of the deaf. 

But the tale yet lacks a climax. Behold, then, the crowning 
achievement of Alexander the Aggressor, in the invention of the tele- 
phone! This is a performance for which, with the hearing world, 
he no doubt deserves unstinted credit. But the previous and later 
history of his dealings with the Children of Silence makes us almost 
believe it was prompted, not by scientific ambition, not by any desire 
to serve his fellows, but by a pure deviltry which found delight in 
inventing something which none of the deaf might use! Just think 
of the hundreds of thousands of jobs, many of which were before 
open to the deaf as well as to the hearing, but from which they are 
now excluded because they cannot use the 'phone! As a contrivance 
for making the deaf man